EEA Public Services Research Clinic: EEA PSRC

Lead Research Organisation: University of York
Department Name: York Law School

Abstract

What does transition mean for EEA nationals in the UK? How will future uncertainty affect their ability to claim existing rights now? And will they face administrative obstacles, or discrimination when accessing public services? This project seeks to tackle these questions, to avoid the problems posed by transition from being neglected as researchers look beyond transition.

In theory, legal rights will remain mostly unchanged during transition. In practice, however, the perception and anticipation of change can create uncertainty and confusion, which affects how easily rights are accessed. The PI's recent research on the EU Rights Project suggested that risks to administrative justice become more acute in periods of legal transition, making this study vital. The period of transition could be administratively intense, with a lot of people attempting to secure rights, through congested decision-making machinery. In the face of time pressure, insufficient capacity, hastily-produced guidance and confusion over the law, there is a risk that EEA nationals will face obstacles to accessing public services, and these factors could disempower those at greatest risk of social exclusion.

This project will capture the human dimension of transition, documenting how guidance, confusion and changes in attitudes play out in accessing public services. We will set up the first ever national EEA legal action research clinic, receiving cases from advice organisations working with EEA nationals, in order to document the problems in accessing public services like social security, housing, health and social care, as a result of, e.g. administrative hurdles, erroneous decisions, poor guidance, or changing administrative culture and attitudes. The clinic will, in parallel, offer specialist, second tier advice and drafting support to advisers from around the UK, on the rights and entitlements of EEA nationals during transition.

EEA PSRC will push the boundaries of legal research, embedding legal action research within EU legal studies, as a means to uncover obstacles to justice that would otherwise remain invisible. It will draw upon the methodology pioneered by the EU Rights Project - advice-led ethnography, which produces rich, compelling data, and important evidence of law in action. EEAPSRC builds on this - to produce a legal action research clinic in its own right, with a national reach, clinic student teams, and a focus on systemic administrative problems arising from the state of transition, and a study of the effects of uncertainty upon administrative justice.

This empirical work bridges a gap between academic legal theory and practical advice work, by bringing together the PI's technical knowledge of both EU law and UK public law, her Citizens Advice case work experience, her clinic directorship experience, and the resources of the YLS clinic team. The project also bridges disciplinary gaps; in order to gather as wide a range of reported problems as possible, clinic fieldwork will be synthesised with interviews with MPs, MEPs, NGOs, and representatives of EU institutions - all have experiences of working with many EEA nationals. To get a sense of the potential scale of the problems identified through the clinic and interviews, we will also analyse new data sets as they are released during the course of the project, on public service eligibility and access.

Together these elements will form a rich, nation-wide, interdisciplinary analysis of the effects of transition upon EEA nationals' rights, with significant impact potential. In gathering data from around the UK on how transition plays out in EEA nationals' relationships with UK public services, and on institutional practices that impede access to justice for EEA nationals, while offering expertise to nationwide networks of legal advisers, EEA PSRC will be a national hub - and a European leader - for legal action research.

Planned Impact

Impact is integral to the research design across all the work packages. The project aims to produce impacts for the following non-academic beneficiaries:

Advisers: The project provides tangible, immediate impacts for advisers working with EEA nationals in organisations round the country, who will benefit from accessing second tier advice through the clinic. The advice will help them better support their clients, and better understand the law and the options for action before them. Support with drafting will also improve their legal skills and confidence. The project also aims to improve practice among advisers when it comes to advising EEA nationals independently - without clinic support, through training and adviser-directed outputs.

EEA nationals: The clients of advisers accessing the clinic should receive more comprehensive advice as a result, and be in a better position to assess options and make decisions on their cases. The project has broader aims as well, to create positive impacts for the EEA national population in the UK; where the project is able to identify systemic problems, EEA nationals should benefit from these issues having been discovered, raised, and challenged; this research should improve their access to administrative justice. It should also help to combat any culture of administrative confusion, and attitudinal or discriminatory barriers. The project also aims to highlight the risks of injustice faced by EEA national groups at particular risk of social exclusion - lone parents, children, people with disabilities, and victims of domestic abuse. If the difficulties they face are exposed and analysed, this could lead to improved practice, as well as providing helpful evidence for NGOs working with those particular groups.

Administrative decision makers: This project should provide useful feedback to decision makers, and to the authorities ultimately responsible for public service practice. It should highlight systemic problems, and make recommendations as to practice, e.g. with regard to guidance issued, and other ways to combat confusion. It should also showcase examples of good practice.

Politicians: The project aims to improve politicians' understanding of the problems faced by EEA nationals in their constituencies, and also increase their awareness of similar problems faced elsewhere in the country, to promote information sharing between MPs and MEPs, and facilitate coordinated responses.

The public: Through drawing on a wide range of data, this EEA PSRC should be able to draw up a picture of the human experiences of Brexit and transition, and of changing relationships with public services. With a number of public facing activities planned, the project should raise public awareness and increase understanding, to help tackle media - and political - confusion and misinformation.

Monitoring bodies: The Equality and Human Rights Commission and the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child are charged with safeguarding human rights; this project should provide valuable information about the risks faced by vulnerable groups, helping those bodies compile evidence and devise strategies. The project would also feed into UK parliamentary committees and bodies responsible for overseeing, or offering analysis on, the effects and experiences of transition. This would help them to formulate recommendations and requirements for ensuring best practice and access to justice.

Legal practitioners: Lawyers and judges would have an interest in better understanding the nature of administrative obstacles faced by EEA nationals. This work would increase their understanding of pre-litigation obstacles to access to justice. In some cases, the project may also produce evidence or outputs valuable for judicial review. In others, evidence may also reveal obstacles within the tribunal setting, helping legal practitioners identify possible improvements in practice.
 
Description We are in the middle stage of the life of the project but we are already finding out some recurrent problems:
Decision makers are confused and making errors with regard to the rights of EU nationals with pre-settled status
This confusion is leading to possibly discriminatory treatment
Delays in settled status scheme decisions are having knock on impacts in terms of lost eligibility for benefits
We have also identified a series of flaws in the settled status scheme, elaborating on findings of other organisations. We have made a number of recommendations to ameliorate the problems created by a hard deadline and the problems created by a digital only status for example.
We have found errors in decision maker guidance and in template benefit decision letters.
We have identified a series of forthcoming risks with regard to people with pre-settled status.
Exploitation Route We are working with several lawyers, and third sector organisations - the Public Law Project, the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, and the Child Poverty Action Group, to identify possible challenges and causes of action. We are also working with the EU Commission and the Independent Monitoring Authority on questions of implementation and enforcement of the Withdrawal Agreement.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/
 
Description It the middle stage of the life of the project, but we have already been invited to give oral evidence to the London Assembly, which led to a further meeting, and us submitting written evidence, all of which fed into the letter the assembly then sent to the Mayor of London, making a series of recommendations about how to address key problems facing EU nationals. https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/london_assembly_letter_to_the_mayor_on_eu_citizens_-_17.02.21.pdf. We have also been asked to give (and gave) evidence to the House of Commons Work and Pensions Committee in a private session. We have submitted consultation responses to the House of Lords European Affairs Committee, and this evidence was drawn upon heavily in their report on Citizens' Rights: https://committees.parliament.uk/work/1246/citizens-rights/publications/. We have also succeeded in getting errors corrected in the Advice for decision makers, and template letters sent to universal credit applicants.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Invited to give oral evidence to the London Assembly on the rights of EU nationals after Brexit
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact We were contacted after giving evidence and asked to collaborate on producing a letter from the Assembly to the Mayor of London. This has now been sent. We also submitted written evidence.
URL https://www.london.gov.uk/eu-exit-working-group-2021-01-26
 
Description Submitted written evidence to the London Assembly
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact We submitted written evidence, with a list of recommendations to the London Assembly, which along with our oral evidence, informed the letter they then wrote to the Mayor.
URL https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/london_assembly_letter_to_the_mayor_on_eu_citizens_-_1...
 
Description gave evidence to the House of Commons Work and Pensions Committee on access to benefits for those with pre-settled status
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact We provided evidence to the Committee and followed up with written evidence and case study examples. This informed a letter sent to the Minister for Welfare Delivery requesting that the guidance and Universal Credit template decision letter be edited to correct the error. The letter and guidance has since been updated.
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/publications/7433/documents/77739/default/
 
Description provided written evidence from the COMPAS team to House of Lords European Affairs Committee's inquiry on Citizens' Rights
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The EU Rights and Brexit Hub's team at COMPAS submitted written evidence, with a list of recommendations to the European Affairs Committee, which along with other written evidence from team members to this project, informed the first report on 'Citizens' Rights'
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/publications/6900/documents/72571/default/
 
Description provided written evidence from the Hub to House of Lords European Affairs Committee's inquiry on Citizens' Rights
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact We submitted written evidence, with a list of recommendations to the European Affairs Committee, which along with other written evidence from team members to this project, informed the first report on 'Citizens' Rights'
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/publications/6900/documents/72571/default/
 
Description provided written memo from Charlotte O'Brien to House of Lords European Affairs Committee's inquiry on Citizens' Rights
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Charlotte O'Brien submitted written evidence, with a list of recommendations to the European Affairs Committee, which along with other written evidence from team members to this project, informed the first report on 'Citizens' Rights'
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/publications/6900/documents/72571/default/
 
Description worked collaboratively with the3million to provide a response to the IMA's draft strategy document
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact We provide recommendations to the IMA which they replied to positively and said that they would incorporate some of our thoughts into a new strategy document. This has also lead to our inclusion in stakeholder meetings with the IMA and built on our relationship with them.
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/the-hub-teams-up-with-the3million-to-respond-to-imas-strateg...
 
Description wrote memo for the House of Commons Work and Pensions Committee on Pre-settled Status and benefits: C-709/20 CG v the Department for Communities in Northern Ireland
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Charlotte O'Brien submitted a written memo to the House of Commons Work and Pensions Committee, with information on potential future issues facing those with pre-settled status and accessing benefits. This contributed to our work with the Committee and resulted in further interactions and requests for information on the rights of EEA nationals to access benefits.
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/itzfizid6d8awrwaco1w6aggx1pfdi
 
Description Alice Welsh wrote a blog on CJEU case Krefeld 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We published a blog on the CJEU case Krefeld, highlighting key points of interest and the possible uses for advisors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/e4jkowwende608jqcgbckowoapzsu9
 
Description Alice Welsh wrote a blog on the rules to access benefits for those with pending EUSS applications 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The blog is written to examine the varying rules and guidance on the ability of those with pending EUSS applications to access welfare benefits. It notes how the guidance differs depending on which source is picked up by a decision maker and how this reflects wider trends of inaccurate and unclear rules in relation to Brexit changes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/6jd0pjr5swh379fbjo97ffk4fd8ir6
 
Description Centre for European Legal Studies talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a research seminar which was attended by third sector organisations and professional practitioners as well as academics, from around the country. This led to further enquiries and cases at the EU Rights & Brexit Hub, and requests for input on legal arguments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.cels.law.cam.ac.uk/press/events/2021/10/cels-webinar-professor-charlotte-obrien-york-law...
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien and Alice Welsh gave a talk at the Housing Systems Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a presentation to the Housing Systems conference in May 2021, highlighting key problems to look out for. This led to numerous further invitations to speak and to submissions to the project clinic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien and Alice Welsh gave a talk to Powys Citizens Advice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk and held a discussion about problems facing EU nationals in the UK; participants reported significantly increased understanding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwyOb5qkERs
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien and Alice Welsh presented findings from their work at the APPG on Citizens' Rights 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We gave a presentation to the appg on citizens' rights in November 2021, highlighting key problems faced by those with pre-settled status including upgrading their status and access to welfare benefits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien and Alice Welsh took part in an online webinar "UK in a Changing Europe Research Insights: Migration after Brexit" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We gave a presentation during this webinar, highlighting the issues we were seeing in relation to gaps in practice/guidance to what the law or rules are. This led to numerous further invitations to speak and to submissions to the project clinic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xv7Wa30zeg0
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien collaborated with Luke Piper (the3million) on a blog post covering the gap between law and practice in relation to the EUSS deadline 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Charlotte O'Brien and Luke Piper wrote a blog on the the gap between law and practice in relation to the EUSS deadline. This covers a lack of enforcing the conditions in law, denial about the severity of the deadline, advising those checking immigration status not to worry about re-checking people, constructing elaborate workarounds to problems and stating that the law is whatever they want it to be. This all leads to a situation where the law is made inaccessible, unintelligible, unclear and unpredictable.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/9da4glyi9saw0jsv7rv1agjugftgbm
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien took part in CEU Democracy Institute webinar on "What Do EU Values Mean to the Citizens in the EU?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Charlotte O'Brien gave a presentation during this webinar on EU citizenship in the context of social security, UK and EU welfare and access to services.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?ref=watch_permalink&v=556129855980382
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien took part in a Public Law Project event on NON-LITIGATION REMEDIES: COMPLAINTS, APPEALS AND INVESTIGATIONS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Charlotte O'Brien participated in a panel looking at the impact of constitutional reforms across wider administrative justice system and discussed issues in relation to those with pre-settled status accessing welfare benefits. This lead to requests for further information and submissions to the project clinic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://publiclawproject.org.uk/events/non-litigation-remedies-complaints-appeals-and-investigations...
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien wrote a blog on summarising the findings of the EURBH report on emergency measures needed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Charlotte O'Brien wrote a blog summarising the findings of "The Status of EU Nationals: Emergency measures needed" report including the issues with a hard deadline for the EUSS, the gaps in the policy on late applications, the punitive effective of time lag, the status gap faced by those who do not yet have status, the potential for reform and the issues with decision making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/tripwiresandtimebombsmay21
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien wrote a blog on the CJEU judgment in VI on Comprehensive Sickness Insurance for Free Movement 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Charlotte O'Brien contributed to the Free Movement blog with a post about the CJEU judgment in C-247/20 VI v Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs. This found that the UK's requirement for EEA nationals to have private health insurance for the comprehensive sickness insurance requirement in free movement rules was unlawful. Qualifying for NHS healthcare fulfills this requirement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.freemovement.org.uk/uk-wrongly-insisted-on-comprehensive-sickness-insurance-for-years-eu...
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien wrote a blog on the judgment of the CJEU in C-709/20 CG 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Charlotte O'Brien wrote a blog on the judgment of the CJEU in C-709/20 CG, covering what the Court said, the confusing analysis of Treaty rights and the Directive in the judgment, the Charter of fundamental rights fall back and the consequences of the judgment on Fratila and the EU.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/lcspfgeqe30ogkavqd1dupc9250hfy
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien wrote a blog on the potential ramificatins of Case C-709/20 CG vThe Department for Communities in Northern Ireland beyond the UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This blog discusses how the CJEU judgment in CG isn't just important for the progress of Fratila. In catapulting the issue before the EU court, the Northern Ireland tribunal has forced the CJEU to address some fundamental questions of EU law that have been looming for years. The ramifications will be felt throughout the EU, where EU citizens will live with the consequences long after the UK's presettled status ceases to exist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/75bycrh9t4tukxjjue16dcgzyeg0hg
 
Description Charlotte O'Brien wrote an article for The Conversation on the judgment of the CJEU in CG 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This article was published on The Conversation and then added to the EU Rights and Brexit Hub website. It covers the consequences of the CJEU's judgment in CG in relation to EEA nationals living in the UK after Brexit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://theconversation.com/over-2-million-eu-nationals-are-at-risk-of-discrimination-in-uk-after-sh...
 
Description Gave a presentation at the Hart Annual Judicial Review conference 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to speak on the Free Movement of People after Brexit. The conference attendees included judges, barristers, government lawyers, government legal advisers, cabinet legal advisers, representatives of the Scottish government, and representatives of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.hartjrconference.co.uk/programme/
 
Description Gave a talk on implications of the EU Settled Status scheme for benefit eligibility to the National Association of Welfare Rights Advisors 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a presentation to the NAWRA conference in December 2020, highlighting key problems to look out for. This led to numerous further invitations to speak and to submissions to the project clinic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.nawra.org.uk/wordpress/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/NAWRA-agenda-Norwich-online-...
 
Description Gave a talk to Craven and Harrogate Districts Citizens Advice team meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk on the rights of EU nationals post Brexit to advisers and case supervisors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Gave a talk to Darlington and North East Citizens Advice offices 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a presentation, and held a Q& A on the rights of EU nationals post Brexit to advisers and case supervisors, and highlighted key problems to look out for.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Gave a talk to Powys Citizens Advice supervisors and welfare case workers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk on the rights of EU nationals post Brexit to advisers and case supervisors, and highlighted key problems to look out for.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Gave a talk to Stoke Citizens Advice supervisors and welfare case workers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk on the rights of EU nationals post Brexit to advisers and case supervisors, and highlighted key problems to look out for.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Gave a talk to Stoke NRPF services meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk on the rights of EU nationals post Brexit to advisers and case supervisors, and highlighted key problems to look out for.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Gave a talk to York Citizens Advice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk on the rights of EU nationals post Brexit to advisers and case supervisors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Gave a talk to the Welfare Benefit Unit Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We gave a talk about the project, outlining key problems for advisers to look out for when advising EU nationals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited speakers to the APPG on EU Citizens' Rights 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Alice Welsh and Charlotte O'Brien gave a talk on the risks facing people with pre-settled status to the All Party Parliamentary Group on EU Citizens' Rights, hosted by the New Europeans
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description John Evemy wrote a blog on on how vulnerable EEA+ nationals face particular risk of exposure to the hostile environment 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact John Evemy wrote a blog post identifying how vulnerable EEA+ nationals are at a particular risk of exposure to the hostile environment and ongoing detachment from access to benefits and public services.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/briefing-vulnerable-adults
 
Description Madeleine Sumption wrote a blog on the difficulty of knowing how many EU nationals will lose their pre-settled status 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog addressed the issue of the temporary nature of pre-settled status, and the difficulty of knowing how many people's status lapse without having secured settled status.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/lckw82s0idkdv5b4zijjizv5w4vhus
 
Description Marina Fernandez Reino joined workshop on EUSS and the hostile environment 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Joined workshop advising the think tank, IPPR, on policies related to EU Settlement Scheme and the 'hostile environment' - helping to inform their recommendations to government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Marina Fernandez Reino participated in EU citizens rights monitoring network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Marina Fernandez Reino participated in monthly meetings of the EU citizens rights monitoring network, which brings together third sector organisations (and the EU Delegation) to discuss issues facing EU citizens after Brexit, particularly related to immigration status and vulnerabilities. This provides a regular opportunity to exchange knowledge and research findings, and informs these organisations' advocacy interventions and service provision.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description PLP: invited to take part in training and knowledge exchange event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Public Law Project hosted an interactive discussion considering pressing public law issues with the EU Settlement Scheme ('EUSS'). Attended by lawyers, policymakers and other practitioners from around the country and also from the EU. I received several follow up queries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://publiclawproject.org.uk/events/public-law-issues-with-the-eu-settlement-scheme/
 
Description Steering group to advise NGO Crisis on EEA citizen Homelessness research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Madeleine Sumption joined a steering group to advise the homelessness NGO, Crisis, on research relating to homeless EEA citizens, including the implications related to immigration status and the EU settlement scheme - providing feedback on research that will inform service provision and advocacy interventions to support vulnerable EEA citizens.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Sumption gave evidence on EUSS to the Welsh Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Madeleine Sumption joined an expert panel giving evidence on the EU Settlement Scheme and EU citizens' rights. Her comments were subsequently reported in research brief following the event: https://research.senedd.wales/research-articles/coronavirus-impact-on-the-eu-settlement-scheme/. This brief also outlines further outcomes of the event, e.g. the Welsh government accepted the Committee's recommendation to extend support to EEA citizens after teh June 30 deadline.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://record.senedd.wales/Committee/11092
 
Description Sumption joined steering group to advise EU Delegation on EEA citizens research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Madeleine Sumption joined a small steering group to advise the EU Delegation in London on the design of data collection that will enable a better understanding of legal, political and socio-economic situation of EU citizens in the UK, including the role of their immigration status.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Sumption spoke at public event on the EU Settlement Scheme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Madeleine Sumption spoke at online event on EU citizens' rights, organised by the NGO The 3 Million, sharing analysis from research about issues facing EEA citizens before and after the EU Settlement Scheme deadline.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description We wrote a blog on the Court of Appeal case, Fratila 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We produced a blog on a key Court of Appeal case, Fratila, on the rights of EU nationals with pre-settled status to claim benefits in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/shock-and-law-court-of-appeal-pulls-rug-from-under-the-gover...
 
Description Wrote a blog on the parallel CJEU case C-709/20 alongside Fratila 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We wrote a blog on the parallel CJEU case, C-709/20, and the implications for the progress of Fratila in the UK Supreme Court
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.eurightshub.york.ac.uk/blog/1jspkx6yi70lnnyckej80741peipe7