PARTNERSHIP, RESEARCH AND CAPACITY-BUILDING FOR YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT SOLUTIONS IN AFRICA (PRAC 4 YUSA)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Lagos
Department Name: ARUA CoE for Unemployment & Skills Dev

Abstract

The policies, strategies and programs introduced to address youth unemployment in Africa (e.g., entrepreneurial skills development, funding young farmers, counseling, investing in accelerators and incubators to support the launch of new businesses) are not working. In sub-Saharan Africa, 64.4 million youth lived in extreme or moderate poverty (less than $3.10 per day) in 2016. Nigeria's youth unemployment rate grew from 11.7% in 2014 to 36.5% in 2018 and youth unemployment rates in Egypt, Kenya and South Africa reached all-time highs in 2017. To design and implement programs that can effectively reduce youth unemployment in Africa, we need to increase the multi-disciplinary research capacity of African university professors, learn from countries that have successfully reduced youth unemployment, engage African youth in the process of identifying the core of the unemployment problem and approaches to solve it, and maintain databases that store and manage large amounts of digital information that is accurate and reliable. The goal of this project is to build significant research capacity across African universities to help reduce youth unemployment in African countries, starting with: Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Egypt, Senegal and South Africa.The expected outcomes at the end of three years after project start are: i) One high-performing hub that has the capacity to raise external funds, form partnerships, explore entrepreneurial activities, attract excellent mentors worldwide, and anchor a research network across African universities; ii) 12 doctoral students and post-doctoral fellows and 13 faculty members distributed across African universities who can carry out research in how to reduce youth unemployment in Africa; and iii) Models, local best practices and reliable digital data that can be applied to reduce youth unemployment in Africa. To achieve its objectives, the project will carry out five major initiatives: i) Baseline assessment- establishes existing gaps that necessitate research investment; ii) Networking Events - hosts conferences, workshops and seminars; iii) international placement events to develop the capacity to reduce youth unemployed of all the individuals and organizations that are part of the hub-and-spokes network; iv) Research Labs - trains and mentors young academics from the six African countries to define problems, set objectives and priorities, conduct sound research, and identify solutions to high youth unemployment in Africa as well as work collaboratively; v) Infrastructure and Dissemination- documents and updates models, local best practices and digital databases that can be applied to design and implement policies, strategies and programs to reduce youth unemployment in Africa; and shares the reports produced and the digital data that is used and created by the project with all stakeholders. The project comprised of a team of experts drawn from universities in Five African countries (University of Lagos Nigeria, University of Ghana, University of Cape Town, South Africa, University of Nairobi Kenya, and The America University in Cairo, Egypt), three universities in the United Kingdom (Lancaster University, University of Strathclyde , Coventry University and University of Derby) and 2 in North America (Carleton University, Canada and University of Iowa, USA) The investment required is 600 thousand pounds. The funds will be invested in capacity building and networking (70%), scoping studies (20%) and administrative support (10%). This project responds to the urgent need for a multi-country strategic approach to address high youth unemployment rates in African countries. The project greatly benefits young career academics in different African countries because it provides a platform for them to build their research capacities in one or more of the nine focus areas of the ARUA, USD-CoE and the resources that can be leveraged to form partnerships and explore entrepreneurial opportunities

Planned Impact

The sponsorship and execution of this capacity building project will be extremely beneficial to:
a. PhD Students that the Capacity Building Grant will Train (with full scholarship across the five participating African Countries )
b. Postdoctoral scholars that the grant will support
c. Female gender entrepreneurship and capacity building
d. Faculty members of the 5 participating universities
e. The Hub and the Spoke Institutions (University of Lagos and others)
f. Impact Partners Institutions (Copperbelt University Zambia, Kenyatta University Kenya, Federal Institute for Industrial Research Oshodi Nigeria, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Ghana, National Commission for Science and Technology Malawi, African Women in Science and Engineering Kenya)
g. Foreign UK and North America institutions
h. African youth
i. Government and Policy Makers and Youth Advocacy Organisations
j. UKRI and GCRF
k. ARUA Organisation
l. UN SDGs 2030 Project

For example, the different individuals, group and organisations will benefit from this research when;
i)Early career academics are opportune to receive full PhD sponsorship in an academic mobility program from any of the participating African universities as well as have international exposure from any of the foreign international partners from the three UK universities and two North America Universities that have promised to provide solid support and mentor-ship for this capacity building program;
ii)Postdoctoral students have the opportunity of leveraging mobility among the African Partner Universities to consolidate on their research in any of the 9 research focused areas of the ARUA, USD-CoE;
iii)Faculty members of the 5 African Universities have the benefit of being exposed to pragmatic and applied research that have been undertaken by countries like UK, Canada and United States that have developed solution-based institutions and frameworks in the past to combat youth unemployment. Hub and Spoke Team Leads are sponsored for experiential learning to Lancaster University, University of Strathclyde, Coventry University, Carleton University or/and University of Iowa working with Senior Faculty Members for three months to have international exposure capable of engaging meaningful research that its products can solve the menace of unemployment in Africa;
iv)Particular efforts are geared towards specific research focus on gender entrepreneurship, inclusion and opportunities for the female gender in Africa to realise their potentials given that they are the most hit with youth unemployment in Africa;
v)African youth engage directly in the piloted entrepreneurship and innovation challenge project meant to help them activate their potential and discover the innovative talents they have to combat unemployment
vi)The various universities participating in this project will have improved global ranking and have opportunity to build Faculty members capable of winning international grants in the future and ARUA as an organisation achieves its objective of raising quality financial capability to drive collaborative research in Africa;
vii)Impact Partner institutions have opportunities to mentorship by the ARUA Universities and to send delegates to attend the projects workshops and conferences;
viii)UKRI-GCRF fulfils its mandate and primary objective of impactful developmental programmes for capacity building in science and research, create new projects and assist to build equitable research partnership, innovation and knowledge exchange in both UK and developing countries.
ix)Research outputs from the project enlighten government on the menace of unemployment and drive advocacy that can influence policy makers towards the right direction to resolve youth unemployment; and
x)All research efforts and outcome raise quality people that are positioned to drive all the variables that will ensure the realisation of the SDGs project of UN in Africa by year 2030
 
Description ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION MENTORSHIP EDUCATION CERTIFICATION (EIMAC)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This is a new intervention program that is designed to equip the Universities Professors of all disciplines in the knowledge of Entrepreneurship and Innovation so as to infuse this into their teachings to positively change the mindset and orientation of the undergraduates towards startups creation in their various disciplines to combat the menace of unemployment in Africa. This is designed to equip the teachers with these special skills for the purpose of the teachers unlocking their potentials for the purpose of their students.
URL https://www.linkedin.com/in/adebisi-sunday-abayomi-98419361/detail/recent-activity/
 
Description Additional funding notification: Research Grant, UKRI Grant Title: Partnership, Research and Capacity-Building for Youth Unemployment Solutions in Africa (PRAC 4 YUSA)
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Grant Ref: ES/T003790/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 03/2020
 
Description FULBRIGHT IN-COUNTRY ORIENTATION/REVIEW MEETING IN COLLABORATION WITH ARUA-COE,USD - PROCEEDINGS OF A GRANT WRITING WORKSHOP (2020) 
Organisation U.S. Consulate General, Lagos Nigeria
Country Nigeria 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The ARUA, CoE for Unemployment and Skills Development (ARUA-CoE, USD) collaborated with the US Mission, Lagos (Nigeria) to organize a Grant Writing Workshop for both the academic staff and Post-Graduate students of various faculties in the University of Lagos, Nigeria on Thursday, January 09, 2020. Amidst growing pressure to teach and publish in world class journals, African researchers are also required to compete and win world class sponsored grant awards. Usually, writing winning grants are considered to be herculean tasks but it comes with numerous benefits.
Collaborator Contribution The US Consulate financed the tickets and local transportation of the Fulbright Facilitators to Nigeria and also accommodated them and was also responsible for their honoraria and lunch.
Impact The Notable outcomes: The Grant writing workshop; ? helped researchers to understand that if they have worthwhile projects to undertake, there are funders across the world that are ready to support their research interest ?Led to formation of many research groups after the workshop that are multidisciplinary in nature to begin to harness the grant opportunities as presented by the facilitators ?provided researchers and doctoral students the opportunities to ask pertinent questions relating to expectations of funders and to clearly understand the steps in to writing and winning grants as well as the grants available through the U.S. Mission in Nigeria and world wide. ?offered mentorship opportunity to the doctoral students and junior Faculty members who just picked interest in grant writing and application.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Train-the-trainer Capacity Building Program Entrepreneurship and Innovation Mentorship Certification Program (3T-CBP, EIMAC)) 
Organisation Bank of Industry Limited
Country Nigeria 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution 1.0 ?Developing curriculum and setting up interesting entrepreneurship education programs for developing various disciplines taught at the Universities (e.g. Education, Law, Medicine, Business Administration, Engineering, Sciences, Humanities, Arts, Natural Sciences, Social Science, Pharmacy, Architecture etc) into innovative ideas that can birth profitable business ventures; 2.0 Designing and creating the Train-The-Trainer Program in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Mentorship Education Certification (EIMAC) for the Faculty Members from different disciplines that participated to assist African Universities achieve their objective of creating a sustainable and impactful entrepreneurship oriented programmes that can lead to Job creation in Africa. 3.0 Identifying the training Needs and attract business owners, professionals, executives in the industries, decision makers, corporations executives as facilitators for the selected 42 professors and 4 Doctoral students to address the challenges of inadequate personnel to support the quality teaching and training of Entrepreneurship and Skills Development programmes that has the capacity of building students (graduate, undergraduate), that will become the engine and driver of campus start-ups and job creation in Nigeria and Africa. 4.0 Organising and facilitating the smooth implementation of the 10-day intensive training as well as coordinating all activities home and abroad to ensure successful TTT
Collaborator Contribution Contributed NGN5,000,000 to fly and accommodate the International Expert Trainer from the John Pappajohn Entrepreneurship Centre, University of Iowa, United States as well as funding the Workshop Tea-Break and Lunch for 10 days
Impact ?Gain useful insights in how to set up student competitions on entrepreneurship programme that will be hinged on discovering viable business ideas that can be birth and scaled-up to end unemployment in Nigeria; ?Participants were able to acquire the knowledge and skills of setting up an entrepreneurship acceleration program where potential start-ups are identified and supported during incubation until a fully developed start-up; ?Acquisition of knowledge and technical "know how" to advance Entrepreneurial Education Services that can contribute significantly to the real sector economic development in Nigeria and Africa ?Production of 46 on-the-ground mentors in all Faculties to support the students on innovation and project ideas at the early stage to assist as the enablers of bright ideas that can lead to birth of innovation enterprises across all disciplines. ?Capacity to empower students with entrepreneurial skills for self-reliance to fight poverty and unemployment in Nigeria through sustainable in-house mentorship abilities of Faculty members. ?Participants acquired the skills that will bridge the knowledge gap between theory and practice about entrepreneurship and business development in Nigeria and Africa through integrative collaboration among various disciplines; ?Participants acquired methods to encourage entrepreneurship innovation and design thinking capable of igniting the best collaborative research that can help discover the hidden treasures of Faculty members and University students (Undergraduates and Postgraduates).
Start Year 2020
 
Description Train-the-trainer Capacity Building Program Entrepreneurship and Innovation Mentorship Certification Program (3T-CBP, EIMAC)) 
Organisation Instant Waves Media GmbH
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution 1.0 ?Developing curriculum and setting up interesting entrepreneurship education programs for developing various disciplines taught at the Universities (e.g. Education, Law, Medicine, Business Administration, Engineering, Sciences, Humanities, Arts, Natural Sciences, Social Science, Pharmacy, Architecture etc) into innovative ideas that can birth profitable business ventures; 2.0 Designing and creating the Train-The-Trainer Program in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Mentorship Education Certification (EIMAC) for the Faculty Members from different disciplines that participated to assist African Universities achieve their objective of creating a sustainable and impactful entrepreneurship oriented programmes that can lead to Job creation in Africa. 3.0 Identifying the training Needs and attract business owners, professionals, executives in the industries, decision makers, corporations executives as facilitators for the selected 42 professors and 4 Doctoral students to address the challenges of inadequate personnel to support the quality teaching and training of Entrepreneurship and Skills Development programmes that has the capacity of building students (graduate, undergraduate), that will become the engine and driver of campus start-ups and job creation in Nigeria and Africa. 4.0 Organising and facilitating the smooth implementation of the 10-day intensive training as well as coordinating all activities home and abroad to ensure successful TTT
Collaborator Contribution Contributed NGN5,000,000 to fly and accommodate the International Expert Trainer from the John Pappajohn Entrepreneurship Centre, University of Iowa, United States as well as funding the Workshop Tea-Break and Lunch for 10 days
Impact ?Gain useful insights in how to set up student competitions on entrepreneurship programme that will be hinged on discovering viable business ideas that can be birth and scaled-up to end unemployment in Nigeria; ?Participants were able to acquire the knowledge and skills of setting up an entrepreneurship acceleration program where potential start-ups are identified and supported during incubation until a fully developed start-up; ?Acquisition of knowledge and technical "know how" to advance Entrepreneurial Education Services that can contribute significantly to the real sector economic development in Nigeria and Africa ?Production of 46 on-the-ground mentors in all Faculties to support the students on innovation and project ideas at the early stage to assist as the enablers of bright ideas that can lead to birth of innovation enterprises across all disciplines. ?Capacity to empower students with entrepreneurial skills for self-reliance to fight poverty and unemployment in Nigeria through sustainable in-house mentorship abilities of Faculty members. ?Participants acquired the skills that will bridge the knowledge gap between theory and practice about entrepreneurship and business development in Nigeria and Africa through integrative collaboration among various disciplines; ?Participants acquired methods to encourage entrepreneurship innovation and design thinking capable of igniting the best collaborative research that can help discover the hidden treasures of Faculty members and University students (Undergraduates and Postgraduates).
Start Year 2020
 
Description Train-the-trainer Capacity Building Program Entrepreneurship and Innovation Mentorship Certification Program (3T-CBP, EIMAC)) 
Organisation Platform Capital
Country Nigeria 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution 1.0 ?Developing curriculum and setting up interesting entrepreneurship education programs for developing various disciplines taught at the Universities (e.g. Education, Law, Medicine, Business Administration, Engineering, Sciences, Humanities, Arts, Natural Sciences, Social Science, Pharmacy, Architecture etc) into innovative ideas that can birth profitable business ventures; 2.0 Designing and creating the Train-The-Trainer Program in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Mentorship Education Certification (EIMAC) for the Faculty Members from different disciplines that participated to assist African Universities achieve their objective of creating a sustainable and impactful entrepreneurship oriented programmes that can lead to Job creation in Africa. 3.0 Identifying the training Needs and attract business owners, professionals, executives in the industries, decision makers, corporations executives as facilitators for the selected 42 professors and 4 Doctoral students to address the challenges of inadequate personnel to support the quality teaching and training of Entrepreneurship and Skills Development programmes that has the capacity of building students (graduate, undergraduate), that will become the engine and driver of campus start-ups and job creation in Nigeria and Africa. 4.0 Organising and facilitating the smooth implementation of the 10-day intensive training as well as coordinating all activities home and abroad to ensure successful TTT
Collaborator Contribution Contributed NGN5,000,000 to fly and accommodate the International Expert Trainer from the John Pappajohn Entrepreneurship Centre, University of Iowa, United States as well as funding the Workshop Tea-Break and Lunch for 10 days
Impact ?Gain useful insights in how to set up student competitions on entrepreneurship programme that will be hinged on discovering viable business ideas that can be birth and scaled-up to end unemployment in Nigeria; ?Participants were able to acquire the knowledge and skills of setting up an entrepreneurship acceleration program where potential start-ups are identified and supported during incubation until a fully developed start-up; ?Acquisition of knowledge and technical "know how" to advance Entrepreneurial Education Services that can contribute significantly to the real sector economic development in Nigeria and Africa ?Production of 46 on-the-ground mentors in all Faculties to support the students on innovation and project ideas at the early stage to assist as the enablers of bright ideas that can lead to birth of innovation enterprises across all disciplines. ?Capacity to empower students with entrepreneurial skills for self-reliance to fight poverty and unemployment in Nigeria through sustainable in-house mentorship abilities of Faculty members. ?Participants acquired the skills that will bridge the knowledge gap between theory and practice about entrepreneurship and business development in Nigeria and Africa through integrative collaboration among various disciplines; ?Participants acquired methods to encourage entrepreneurship innovation and design thinking capable of igniting the best collaborative research that can help discover the hidden treasures of Faculty members and University students (Undergraduates and Postgraduates).
Start Year 2020
 
Description A TWO-DAY PRAC-4-YUSA GRANT INAUGURAL AND FRAMING WORKSHOP ("Youth Unemployment Crisis in Africa and the Search for Research and Entrepreneurially Motivated Innovative Solutions" -Closed Session, University of Lagos, Nigeria) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This was an inaugural workshop to launch the ARUA-UKRI Partnership, Research and Capacity-Building for Youth Unemployment Solutions in Africa (PRAC-4-YUSA) Grant for the benefit of framing the deliverables and understanding what is expected from the Hub and spokes relationship that underscore the grant. 29 Faculty Members comprising of all the members countries as well as selected Doctoral students in University of Lagos participated to discuss the 5 Key Initiatives of the Project: Base-line Assessment; Networking Events'; International Placement Events; Research Lab and Infrastructure and Dissemination. This led the participants from the various regions of Africa (East, South and West) to acknowledge and praise ARUA-UKRI GCRF for awarding this partnership and capacity building grants to the ARUA, CoE-USD. They all agreed that the fund will in no measure assist development of Faculty members as well as the Doctoral students in creating the research pathways for resolving the huge unemployment menace in Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://arua-usd-coe.com/
 
Description Green Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Industrialisation in Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This presentation was made during the Half-Day Workshop organised during the 3rd day of the ARUA Bienniel International Conference at the University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya between November 18 - 20, 2019. The primary objective of this presentation was to examine the opportunities available for young African in the green entrepreneurship space and the potentials of youth entrepreneurship to drive sustainable industrialisation in Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description INTERNATIONAL (PRAC-4-YUSA) HALF-DAY WORKSHOP THEME: "YOUTH EMPLOYMENT CRISIS AND THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: HOW PREPARED IS AFRICA?" (Nairobi, Kenya) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This became the second among the series of Workshops to be organized by the ARUA Centre of Excellence for Unemployment and Skills Development (ARUA, CoE-USD) under the "Partnership, Research, and Capacity-Building for Youth Unemployment Solutions in Africa (PRAC 4 YUSA) Grant (ES/T003790/1) after the inaugural framing workshop. During the ARUA Biennial Conference, the ARUA-CoE, USD participated actively and sponsored selected doctoral students and early career researchers from across three universities in Africa - the University of Lagos (Nigeria), the University of Ghana (Ghana), and the University of Cape Town (South Africa). the half-day workshop had 69 people in attendance spanning across different nationals in the world with ver robust discussions on topics that addressed "Youth Employment Crisis and the 4th Industrial
Revolution: How Prepared is Africa?" Seven working papers were presented with a two guest speakers doing justice to the crux of the workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://arua.org.za/category/news/
 
Description Labour Market Entry and Graduate Employability Skills of the Future in the 4th Industrial Revolution: Opportunities and Challenges 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Unemployment and economic conditions are a major determinant of mode of labour market entry. Most graduates are at least aged 20 years, which qualifies them as youths. Although the United Nations (n-d.) considers youths to be aged between 15-24, it recognises youth in broader terms as " a person between the ages of leaving compulsory education, and finding their first job " Youth unemployment is a major global challenge. Global youth unemployment rate of 13 percent shows that young people are
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Supporting Graduate Employment through Entrepreneurship Education (9-10 October 2019, Ghana) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact This was a Think-Tank programme of International Centre for Transformational Entrepreneurship ICTE (African Institute for Transformational Entrepreneuship) of Coventry University attended by over 200 participants and about 18 experts to discuss the modalities and strategies that will be required in Supporting Graduate Employment through Entrepreneurship Education in Africa. I was invited as an awardee of the ARUA-UKRI grant that is focused on building partnership and research capacity in that will assist in providing solutions to Youth unemployment in Africa and the need to present my thoughts on how entrepreneurship can help to achieve this. the discussions were very robust and engendered massive interest into the work being done in the ARUA CoE for Unemployment and Skills development, thereby leading to forming new alliances with other non-ARUA universities that attended the workshop in Ghana.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/lbiglou?lang=en
 
Description TECHWOMEN NIG ALUMNI 1ST ANNUAL CONFERENCE IN COLLABORATION WITH US CONSULATE, LAGOS & ESDC, UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS THEME: ADVANCING THE GLOBAL LEADERSHIP OF NIGERIAN WOMEN IN STEM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact This was a one day conference and workshop organised in conjunction with our ARUA CoE for Unemployment and Skills Development that had 280 participants including her Excellency, the Consul General- US Consulate, Lagos. It was organised in alliance with our Centre to support the female undergraduates as well as the female postgraduates and their teachers on empowering women in technology that will engender women inclusion in the tech industry. Focus was on promoting STEM along the side of Tech Startups, Techpreneurship and Tech Social Entrepreneurship which was the focus of the Director of the Centre speak on in the workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2019
URL https://newsverge.com/2019/12/18/2019-techwomen-nigeria-alumni-conference-holds-in-lagos/
 
Description The Africa House Launch Event (African Business Incubation Workshop, Silicon Valley, San-Francisco, California, USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was the official opening of the Africa House in Silicon Valley attended by about 114 people and designed to help young African start-ups to establish their companies and also access new markets in the United States to achieve new levels of performance. I was invited as a holder of the ARUA-UKRI Grant that is working towards engendering the partnership and capacity building that is tailored towards Youth Unemployment Solution in Africa. It was an opportunities to address the investors, venture capitalists, African Startups Entrepreneurs and learn from University students who already have businesses of their own and were ready to integrate with viable partners in Africa for possibility of job and value creation. New alliances that can lead to valuable projects to support programmes that can create jobs were formed in the event


We will present well-qualified startups from around the world that you would otherwise never know about. We substantially reduce the risk of startup failures because of poor
business practices, we turn startups into businesses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://whitespacex.com
 
Description World Bank Group Country Partnership Framework (CPF) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 25 Professors from across selected Universities in Nigeria were invited by the World Bank Group, Nigeria for the purpose of having a focused group discussion on the desire of the Federal Government of Nigeria to lift 100 million people out of poverty by the year 2030. This sparked three questions: how can investment in human capital foster lifting 100 million people out of poverty?; How can empowerment in women and girls foster the lifting of 100 million people out of poverty in Nigeria?; and will the expansion of the digital economy make any difference?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020