Breaking down barriers to cause a paradigm shift in ultra-sensitive detection of protein structure.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Chemistry

Abstract

This discipline-hopping application is intended to break through the artificial barriers that separate the Physical Sciences and Biology and will allow the development and exploitation of an entirely new and revolutionary biosensor technology. Currently, biosensors are relatively blunt tools that can sense the presence of a specific substance of interest. The phenomenon we have discovered adds another dimension to biosensing, by not only allowing us to detect the presence of a substance, but also sense its structure, and will enable the monitoring of structural changes in real time. This unique capability is ideally suited to sensing, and studying, common diseases associated with changes in protein structure (conformation) such as: Alzheimer?s, Parkinson?s, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, familial amyloid polyneuropathy, Huntington?s disease and type II diabetes. The technology derives from a recent discovery in my laboratories, that electric fields, which have an intrinsic sense of handedness (ie have a sense which is either clockwise or anticlockwise), can be used to detect, with incredible sensitivity, the 3-D structure of large biological molecules (biomacromolecules). The phenomenon is at least a million times more sensitive than low-resolution methods currently used to probe the structure of biomacromolecules, such as CD and ORD, and can detect nanograms of material. To illustrate the potential impact of the technique the applicant will study dynamic protein processes, protein folding / unfolding and fibrilation, which are important in disease.

Technical Summary

This application is to support the hop of Dr Kadodwala, a Chemical Physicist (Chemistry GU), to the protein characterisation facility of the Faculty of Biological and Life Sciences (FBLS GU). The hop is intended to immerse Dr Kadodwala in a life-science environment so he can acquire the skills and knowledge required to fully realise the potential of a novel phenomenon he has discovered, which utilises lithographically fabricated plasmonic chiral nanomaterials to detect protein secondary structure with unprecedented sensitivity, the phenomenon is at least a million times more sensitive than the spectroscopic probes currently used to elucidate biomacromolecular structure. The technique is uniquely ultrasensitive ( nanogram) to both the presence and the 3-D structural arrangement of a biomacromolecule, which makes it a revolutionary tool for biomedical analysis; in particular it provides a radically new approach for creating biosensors for diseases associated with changes in protein conformation, such as Alzheimer?s, Parkinson?s and Type II diabetes. During the discipline hop the applicant will demonstrate the power of the new technique by using it to provide new insight into dynamic protein processes, such as folding / unfolding and fibrillation, through ultrasensitive time resolved measurements.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title superpolarimetry 
Description A new technology for ultrasensitive detection / characterisation of biomaterials 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Development of new tool for biomedical / life science researchers