Hyper-K Project Coordination

Lead Research Organisation: Queen Mary, University of London

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

Publications

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Description The goal of this project is to establish the UK within the Hyper-Kamiokande experiment and identify items to carry forwards towards construction.
The UK leadership positions in the experiment are also testimony that the contributions of the UK are recognised by the Hyper-Kamiokande collaboration.
All the items apart from the HPTPC that will follow an independent path as a generic neutrino detector, aiming to be deployed at ND280 for T2K and Hyper-Kamiokande as well as contributing to the DUNE near detector suite will be carried forward. The HPTPC is now part of the CERN neutrino platform.

We identified the items for the Hyper-Kamiokande construction of the far detector tank and we have positioned ourselves in a leading role in all the items. The items that we will bring to construction are:
- Data Acquisition. We have developed a few framework, ToolDAQ, that we are now using for the Hyper-Kamiokande DAQ.
- Calibration. We will focus on the items we are developing and that will be tested in the Super-Kamiokande detector. We are going to deploy the LED based optical injection calibration system in Super-K in 2018. This will expand upon Super-K capabilities and demonstrate the system for Hyper-K. The fake-muon neutron source and the neutron calibrations are planned to be tested in EGADS, the 20ton tank used for testing the gadolinium doping first and then potentially deployed at Super-Kamiokande after the refurbishment.
- Outer Detector. We are working on the photosensor system that includes the PMTs and wavelength shifter plates. We aim to contribute to the full photosensor system of the OD. The design of the OD, that includes what types and sizes of PMTs and WLS plates we will be using, will be carried out during the pre-construction grant. During the R&D grant we focussed on implementing the needed software in the simulation and start to test the PMTs.
- Beam. We have irradiated and are planning to test beam window material and are designing the target and beam window necessary for Hyper-Kamiokande. Due to the continuous running of T2K up to when Hyper-Kamiokande will start to take data, we aim to install our items before the Hyper-Kamiokande detector becomes operational.
Moreover, we will continue performing further studies on radiation damage of materials ongoing, within the RADIATE collaboration.

Furthermore, our work on the intermediate Water Cherenkov detector TITUS, that led to the merging with NuPRISM and the creation of E61, is also recognised by several leadership positions in the E61 collaboration where we will focus on the DAQ and calibration. These vital contributions to E61 have strong similarities with our objectives for Super-Kamiokande, allowing us to exploit synergies and testing opportunities, and strengthening our expertise in these areas.

During the length of the current grant we also had to change our approach for the travel funds and the project management. We realized that that the usage of the JENNIFER funds provides too low funds for multiple trips, so we had to request to use the contingency (£45k) that was agreed by the OSc.
Furthermore, although we did have a project manager, we realized that a dedicated project manager is needed, especially moving towards construction. A dedicated project manager will be taking care of the project management during pre-construction.
Exploitation Route Towards the end of the R&D grant, the UK Hyper-K collaboration applied and was awarded an STFC PRD pre-construction grant from Oct 2017 to Sept 2019 that will allow to transition from the R&D phase to the construction of the detector. The work during the pre-construction phase is based on the results and outputs achieved during the R&D grant.
Sectors Other

 
Description In this project we both had several impact cases as well as put the seedcorn for future impact. We also worked on knowledge dissemination. Impact Super-Kamiokande: we were invited to join the Super-Kamiokande collaboration, without needing to contribute to the common funds. This will allow the UK collaboration to gain direct expertise on a system that is serving as underlying base for the Hyper-Kamiokande detector, as well as directly gain access to the data. Furthermore, we will be able to directly test our calibration prototypes in a realistic environment. Gadolinium: we have established the UK as the country in which testing of the gadolinium samples to be used in Super-Kamiokande is being performed. Our involvement in the Super-K Gadolinium testing programme at Boulby has led to the expansion of the number of Ge detectors at the Boulby mine (Canberra UK). Photosensors: we have established a working connection with EtEnterprises in the UK for the development and production of the photosensors. EtEnterprises developed a new faster 3'' PMT that we have tested as a candidate for the Outer Detector. We have also been discussing further developments as well as testing and mass production if we go ahead making the full order for the PMTs. New developed PMTs will expand the EtEnterprises catalogue and thus the company's potential market. ToolDAQ: we have written (author: Ben Richards) a new DAQ framework, currently used by Hyper-Kamiokande as well as E61 and also adopted by the ANNIE collaboration. As ANNIE is taking data and consists of a diversified set of technology solutions for the electronics and PMT and is also Gd oped, it provides an ideal testing ground for ToolDAQ and further developments to ToolDAQ. During the length of this grant, the members of the UK collaboration contributed to the knowledge dissemination in several ways: giving presentation at conferences, seminars, posters as well as offering thesis and projects to master and undergraduate students on Hyper-Kamiokande. Furthermore, several T2K PhD students are also partially working on Hyper-Kamiokande.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Other
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Long Baseline Neutrino Committee
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Member of the Long Baseline Neutrino Committee (LBNC)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact This committee affected the direction of the experiment.
 
Description Hyper-Kamiokande construction
Amount £99,346 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/V006215/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2021 
End 09/2022
 
Description MSCA- RISE JENNIFER2
Amount € 358,800 (EUR)
Funding ID EU Grant n.822070 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 03/2019 
End 03/2023
 
Description MSCA-RISE JENNIFER
Amount € 126,324 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 03/2015 
End 03/2019
 
Description Super-Kamiokande 
Organisation Super-Kamiokande
Country Japan 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have joined in January 2016. We are working on a calibration system for neutron. We have taken shifts.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in calibration. Detection of low background in gadolinium samples.
Impact This collaboration has just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Colloquium, DESY, Hamburg 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Colloquium on HyperK at DESY Hamburg national lab in Germany
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://physikseminar.desy.de/hamburg/colloquia_in_2019/29_january_2019/
 
Description Colloquium, DESY, Zeuthen, Berlin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Colloquium on HyperK at DESY Zeuthen national lab
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://physikseminar.desy.de/hamburg/colloquia_in_2019/29_january_2019/
 
Description Member of the STFC PPGP committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Member of the PPGP panel for the STFC. The panel reviews and decides upon applications for funding for current experiments and equipment requests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description Ogden Trust Physicist of the year - invited speaker for Lancashire and Cumbria. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Invited talk about my career as a physicist and current research with the T2K experiment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presentation of research work to general public to engage them in what we research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017,2018
 
Description Public lecture A century of neutrinos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact General public talk introducing neutrinos and the work performed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Royal Society EXhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a exhibition stand at the Royal Society's summer exhibition featuring a number of exhibits, including an SK VR system, a 20" SK PMT and a (not-working) beam target from RAL, other exhibits, leaflets, take away information on neutrinos.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2018/summer-science-exhibition/exhibits/
 
Description Royal Society Summer Science Exhibit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Ghosts in the Universe exhibit at the Royal Society Summer Science event which ran for 1 week in the beginning of July 2018 was visited by more than 10,000 people (from the UK and international). The exhibit described the purpose of the experiment, what it intends to measure and what the UK groups were contributing to. The exhibit also described the theory driving the experiment. The exhibit was extremely popular and generated keen interest in the experiment. Followers to our Twitter feed increased by more than 200 as a result of the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2018/summer-science-exhibition/exhibits/ghosts-...
 
Description Talk about neutrinos at the Undergraduate conference for women in physics. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited speaker to the conference for undergraduate women in physics. Talk was well received and I answered/discussed questions on neutrino physics and my career to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016