MP1: Cognitive and neurobiological mechanisms underlying memory control

Lead Research Organisation: MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit

Abstract

We have all had moments in which an object or event reminds us of an experience that we would prefer not think about. When this happens, we often attempt to stop retrieval and exclude the unpleasant reminding from awareness. Such efforts at memory control are an unfortunately ubiquitous experience in the aftermath of trauma. This project seeks to understand the cognitive and neural mechanisms that enable people to control unwanted memories. . The proposed basic research will develop a theoretical framework for understanding how people control intrusive remindings by facilitating a deeper understanding of how attention interacts with long-term memory. A core hypothesis of this framework is that people engage mechanisms similar to those involved in suppressing reflexive actions to suppress memory retrieval, reducing activity in brain structures involved in memory, reducing a memorys intrusiveness. Basic research specifying the cognitive and neurobiological mechanisms of memory control has the promise to inform theories of clinical syndromes characterized by disordered thought control such as PTSD (intrusive flashbacks), depression (unwanted ruminations), ADHD (distractability), obsessive compulsive disorder (obsessive thoughts) and addiction (craving related thoughts). In so doing, the current work could have a substantial positive impact on our ability to provide treatment to those suffering from such disorders.

Technical Summary

This project seeks to understand the cognitive and neural mechanisms that enable people to control unwanted memories. Recent work by Anderson has found that when people confront a reminder to an experience that they would prefer not to think about, they engage executive control mechanisms often recruited to override prepotent motor responses to suppress retrieval. This work has led to a theoretical perspective in which memory control is accomplished by an attention system that interacts with memory and that is governed by principles and components isomorphic to those involved in perceptual orienting of attention. A key process is attentional inhibition, which is triggered by conflict between the goal-directed focus of attention and the focus demanded by reflexive orienting to abrupt onsets in mnemonic space. Attentional inhibition is conceptualized as a flexible component of task set that can be recruited when conflict is expected or present, to override reflexive memorial orienting. The current project aims to evaluate key hypotheses, including (a) the hippocampal modulation hypothesis, according to which memory control is affected by down-regulating mnemonic activity in the hippocampus, (b) the mnemonic attention hypothesis, in which memory intrusions constitute cases of mnemonic reflexive orienting that build on the same neural mechanisms engaged to reflexively orient attention to events in the perceptual world, (c) the response override hypothesis, in which mnemonic control is accomplished by brain mechanisms involved in overriding prepotent motor actions, and (d) the motivated forgetting hypothesis, in which memory control mechanisms lead to selective forgetting of unwanted events. The approach to this question will combine traditional cognitive methods, developed by Anderson, a new approach to measuring intrusions, as well as fMRI and EEG. If correct, this view stands to forge a highly specific connection between research on attention and long-term memory that will move beyond the simple observation that attention can be directed to memory to the nature of mnemonic attention system itself. This work will specify a rich framework in which to understand how people control unwanted memories of the past. Such insights are not merely of theoretical significance, but of potentially profound practical importance in understanding and ameliorating the conditions of those suffering from intrusive memories.|

Publications

10 25 50
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Anderson MC (2012) Towards a cognitive and neurobiological model of motivated forgetting. in Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation

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Anderson MC (2016) Prefrontal-hippocampal pathways underlying inhibitory control over memory. in Neurobiology of learning and memory

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Anderson MC (2014) Neural mechanisms of motivated forgetting. in Trends in cognitive sciences

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Benoit RG (2016) Reducing future fears by suppressing the brain mechanisms underlying episodic simulation. in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

 
Description National Science Foundation subaward 206961B
Amount £18,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Science Foundation (NSF) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 08/2011 
End 03/2012
 
Description Royal Society Newton Fellowship
Amount £66,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 11/2019
 
Description The British Academy award
Amount £220,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 01/2018
 
Description Tom Slick Award/Mind Science Foundation
Amount £9,373 (GBP)
Organisation Mind Science Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 09/2009 
End 08/2011
 
Description A simultaneous EEG/fMRI study of the ability to suppress unwanted thoughts. 
Organisation Southwest University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We contributed to the design of the study, and trained researchers to run it. We are analysing the data in depth We will write the papers
Collaborator Contribution They implemented and ran the study, and contributed to its analysis.
Impact none yet
Start Year 2016
 
Description DRG funded Postdoctoral Fellowship for Maria Wimber 
Organisation German Research Foundation
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Supported and contributed to postdoctoral grant application, provided space and resources from my grant at the unit, and mentorship.
Collaborator Contribution Maria Wimber is able to visit at the CBU and conduct collaborative research with me.
Impact A successful postdoctoral fellowship award from the DRG (German Research Foundation) that supports Maria Wimber to work in the unit.
Start Year 2011
 
Description Developing a Rodent Model of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting - Pedro Beckinstein, Noelia Weisstraub 
Organisation University of Buenos Aires
Country Argentina 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experimental design; paper revisions
Collaborator Contribution Running the study, analysing the data, writing the paper
Impact Paper drafted. "A species-general, retrieval specific mechanism of adaptive forgetting in the mamalian brain." by Beckinstein, Weisstraub, Anderson
Start Year 2010
 
Description EEG study of intrusive memories - Mikael Johansson and Robin Hellerstedt 
Organisation Lund University
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provide instructions, guidance on experimental design, guidance on analysis, contribute to revising paper
Collaborator Contribution Run and analyse study and write up first draft.
Impact Paper submitted: "Tracking the intrusion of unwanted memories into awareness with event related potentials" by Hellerstedt, Johansson and Anderson
Start Year 2012
 
Description EEG study of intrusive memories and their control 
Organisation Lund University
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research collaboration with Mikael Johansoon and Robin Hellerstedt
Collaborator Contribution Research collaboration with Mikael Johansoon and Robin Hellerstedt
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description Effects of suppression duration on intrusive memories - Kevin van Schie 
Organisation Utrecht University
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experimental design, analysis approach, revising the paper
Collaborator Contribution Running and coding the study, writing the paper
Impact Paper in preparation: van Schie & Anderson. "Sustained Control Demands Compromise the Control of Intrusive Memories"
Start Year 2013
 
Description Isolating a Beta Signature of Inhibitory Control over Thought with Time Frequency Analysis 
Organisation University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
Department Department of Psychology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I collaborated with Adam Aron to design the study and trained his student. I guided the interpretation of the study.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed to the design of the study, ran the study, and analysed it, and now they are writing it up.
Impact None yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Large-scale study of Memory Control and its Genetic Basis (collaboration with Southwest University, China) 
Organisation Southwest University
Department Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We taught collaborators our methods, taught them how to analyse the data, and quality control checked their fMRI data. We are guiding the choice of analyses of the study.
Collaborator Contribution They implemented the study at their location, ran and analysed all fMRI subjects, under our guidance.
Impact none yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description Measuring the impact of memory control in conceptual implicit memory 
Organisation Interdisciplinary Center IDC Herzliya
Country Israel 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution i contributed the materials and procedure of the design, as well as insight about analyses and interpretation
Collaborator Contribution They contributed to the design of the study, its implementation and analysis, and writeup.
Impact Taubenfeld, A., Anderson, M.C., & Levy, D.A. (2018). The impact of retrieval suppression on conceptual implicit memory. Memory.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Memory inhibition and implicit memory - Tresa Bajo and Carlos Gomez-Ariza 
Organisation University of Granada
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experimental design and data analysis
Collaborator Contribution Running the study
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description Memory suppression and arousal. 
Organisation Utrecht University
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research collaboration with Kevin van Schie.
Collaborator Contribution Research collaboration with Kevin van Schie.
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description Memory suppression and attention 
Organisation University of Granada
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research collaboration with Peter Weller and Teresa Bajo
Collaborator Contribution Research collaboration with Peter Weller and Teresa Bajo
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description NSERC funded postdoctoral fellowship for Jonathan Fawcett 
Organisation Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I contributed to the shape of the research plan, commented extensively on written proposal, and offered guidance about the application process. Together, Fawcett and I will conduct the research and write it up.
Collaborator Contribution Fawcett wrote the proposal for an NSERC, and gathered together supporting materials. He will be involved in conducting the research.
Impact The NSERC funding for Fawcett's postdoc
Start Year 2012
 
Description Relating EEG and Behavioural Measures of Memory Control to Analogue Trauma Intrusions with the Trauma Film Paradigm - Axel Mecklinger and Tanja Michael 
Organisation Saarland University
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Training of student; experimental design and analysis; revisions to apper
Collaborator Contribution Running and analysing the study and drafting the paper
Impact Paper submitted: "Memory control ability modulates intrusive memories after analogue trauma" by Streb, Mecklinger, Anderson, Lass-Hennemann & Michael.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Relationship between inhibitory control over memory and intrusive memories in analogue trauma 
Organisation Saarland University
Department Department of Psychology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research collaboration with Axel Mecklinger and Tanja Michael
Collaborator Contribution Research collaboration with Axel Mecklinger and Tanja Michael
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description The development of an animal model of retrieval-induced forgetting. 
Organisation University of Buenos Aires
Department Institute of Cellular Biology and Neurosciences
Country Argentina 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research collaboration with Pedro Bekinschtein and Noelia Weisstraub
Collaborator Contribution Research collaboration with Pedro Bekinschtein and Noelia Weisstraub
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description The effect of sleep deprivation on the ability to suppress intrusive thoughts 
Organisation University of York
Department Department of Psychology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We supplied the materials, procedure, code, and design for the study.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators are skilled sleep researchers. They implemented and conducted the study in a sleep lab, with EEG recordings, and are analysing and writing up the data.
Impact None yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Using pupilometry to measure the dynamics of memory control 
Organisation Memorial University of Newfoundland
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We contributed the materials and design of the study, and trained the researchers. We will contribute to the interpretation of the data.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed to the design of the study and the pupilometry methods. They are running the study and analysing it, and writing it up.
Impact none yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Appearance on Dara Obriain's Science Club on BBC 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A 6-minute segment on the television programme "Dara Obriain's Science Club" on BBC 2, in which our scientific research is presented, and I am interviewed to explain why it is important.

To be aired next week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description BBC Naked Scientist radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview concerning our work on BBC Naked Scientist, which is available by podcast worldwide.

Public communication of our science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description British Academy/British Psychological Society Annual Lecture - Keeping a spotless mind 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Media stories
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Cafe' Scientifique, "Forgetting to Forget" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 50 members of the general public attended an interactive session on memory entitled "Forgetting to Forget", with 3 panelists (myself included) who are experts on memory, answering questions about memory and forgetting. The audience was vigorously engaged, and asked questions throughout.

I received emails afterwards from audience members interested in memory.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Cambridge Area Memory Meeting poster - Attentional filtering in young and older adulthood. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentation by a member of the research team, Taylor Schmitz, which sparked questions and discussion.

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Colloquium at UCLA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk inspired lots of discussion and interaction.

I got invited to participate in several articles being prepared for submission, and also a major theoretical article for Psychological Review
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Colloquium at the University of Essex Psychology Department 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I had a stimulating exchange with members of the audience and felt that this talk increased the exposure of the work supported by the grant.

I received several emails requesting reprints of articles
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Forbes Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was interviewed by a journalist from Forbes Magazine on the subject of Memory Suppression, and my research on this subject. This will appear in both the online and print editions.

This will appear soon, so no impacts yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Fox news articles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact emails, more interviews, article downloads
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/03/19/erasing-bad-memories-wiping-out-unconscious-traces-is-possi...
 
Description Huffington Post Article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact more requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/19/erase-bad-memories-wipe-out-unconscious_n_4993760.html
 
Description Interview for Scientific American article on my work 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact After extensive interviewing via telephone, recommendations for further research contacts, and input on the final draft, a article was published in Scientific American Mind, an extremely high profile scientific magazine meant for the general public, with a worldwide audience.

Was asked to do further radio interviews on the subject of adaptive forgetting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Interview for website Scienceomega.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The website article about the work I have done with Roland Benoit on the ScienceOmega website

propagation of the message to further websites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited talk at the University of Granada 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I spent a week in Granada, meeting with students, post-docs, faculty members, advising on their research projects. I also advised on how to better secure the future of their neuroimaging centre. I provided 5 written reports to scientists there, summarising my inputs to their projects. This has resulted in several new collaborations and improved projects in their department.

a new collaborative project with a faculty member in spain
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keeping a spotless mind: the neuroscience of motivated forgetting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I took part in an "open to the public" conference on the nature of forgetting, in which I joined 8 other scientists to give talks on forgetting to an audience of practitioners and students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Kings College Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 40 attendees, composed of Kings College Fellows, post-graduate students, and undergraduates attended a lecture, and sparked 40 minutes of questions afterwards.

Unknown, so far
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Medical News Today article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact emails, more media attention

emails, more media attention, increase in downloads of the article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/274200.php
 
Description NBC news Interview for NBC website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact an article written about our work, published in Neuron, on the NBC news website.

propagation of the research to numerous other websites, further expanding the research of the scientific message
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description National Public Radio interview on "On Point" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Inspired by the Scientific American Mind article on my work on Adaptive forgetting, a 1-hour long episode of "On Point", a prominent radio programme on NPR in the united states was dedicated to the topic of my work. I was a guest and took questions from the host and callers.

I received personal emails from listeners who have problems with forgetting trauma (either too much or too little), who were moved by the show, and who requested more scientific information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description New York Times article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article was written about my work with Roland Benoit for the new york times, Science Tuesday section.

Millions of people read about the scientific message of our work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Poster at Society for Neuroscience conference - A supramodal inhibition process supports the inhibition of motor action and memory retrieval 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentations sparked questions and discussion

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Poster at Society for Neuroscience conference - nhibitory control over unwanted memories is mediated by hippocampal GABA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentation sparked questions and discussion

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Psychcentral article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact emails, further requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://psychcentral.com/news/2014/03/19/suppression-of-memories-can-be-beneficial/67312
 
Description Public Lecture, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 50 students and members of the Cambridge community attended a public presentation in which I described research on motivated forgetting as part of a Film festival on memory. This sparked discussion and questions afterwards.

editor of Science Magazine was present, and became familiar with work; numerous occasions in which I have spoken to attendees afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Real Clear Science media coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Real Clear Science wrote an article relating the content of our article (Gagnepain, Henson, Anderson, 2014) to an international readership likely numbering in the hundreds of thousands.

Further media requests
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.realclearscience.com/journal_club/2014/03/17/suppress_your_horrible_childhood_memories.ht...
 
Description Royal Academy Festival of Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact the general public was invited to attend the Royal Academy of Sciences Festival of Science, where I manned a booth for the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences unit, and spoke to people about what we do at the unit, and about my own research in particular.

The display and our interactions with the public were hugely successful. It generated a great deal of interest in brain science from school teachers, school children, older adults, and many others who visited.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Science Newsline article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Emails, further interviews
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sciencenewsline.com/articles/2014031818060073.html
 
Description ScienceDaily article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318093910.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&...
 
Description ScienceNews article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact more media requests
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://esciencenews.com/sources/science.daily/2014/03/18/suppressing.unwanted.memories.reduces.their...
 
Description Symposium at Memory Disorders Research Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk at British Psychological Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk at Society for Neuroscience - How does inhibitory control regulate conscious awareness of a memory? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk-CBU Science Day - Keeping a spotless mind 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lots of people were interested in memory control

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Technology.org article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact emails, further contacts

emails, requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.technology.org/2014/03/19/mind-sight-suppressing-unwanted-memories-reduces-unconscious-in...
 
Description ThirdAge article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact emails, requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Time Magazine article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact media reqeusts

media requests
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://time.com/30216/study-repressing-memories-wont-unconsciously-influence-behavior/
 
Description University of Saarland invited talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

No notable impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description radio interview with Scienceupdate.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An online radio interview with my postdoc, Roland Benoit, on Science update.com, which is a Science Radio news program put out by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Exposure of the work to the general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description scicast article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact emails, further requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014