Physical activity epidemiology

Lead Research Organisation: MRC Epidemiology Unit

Abstract

The overall aim of this programme is to understand the detailed relationships between physical activity and disease, particularly obesity and metabolic disorders. Further, we are also examining how the environment, early life factors such as birth weight, and genes affect the associations between physical activity with obesity and metabolic disorders. We have lead the development and evaluation of an objective method based on the combined measurement of heart rate and body movement for measuring physical activity precisely in free living individuals. This technique is now implemented in our epidemiological studies and in collaboration with researchers in UK and abroad. We will use this method in future studies. We seek to understand population levels of physical activity and how activity levels might change by time and between sub-groups of the population. We have shown that physical activity is positively associated with metabolic disorders in both children and adults and this association is independent of aerobic fitness. This has important public health implications as it may be more feasible to encourage the population to increase their levels of activity rather than improving aerobic fitness which is likely to include more vigorous exercise. We will seek to further examine the importance of physical activity in the causation of disease and how these associations differ between sub groups of the population. For example, we will include precise measurements of physical activity and body composition from early age in various birth cohorts. Finally, we will examine the heritability of activity in twin studies and the genetic determinants of activity in large scale observational studies.

Technical Summary

Physical activity is assumed to be a key determinant of both obesity and metabolic diseases. However, the detail of this association is not fully clear. A major reason for this is that physical activity is typically poorly measured in epidemiological studies. The overall goal is to understand how physical activity and sedentary behaviour affect the health of people across the lifespan. AIMS The physical activity programme is divided into three different areas of research and the overall aims of the each of the areas are; 1. MEASUREMENT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; Develop and evaluate methods for assessing physical activity in epidemiological studies 2. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, SEDENTARY BEHAVIOUR AND CAUSATION OF DISEASE; Understand the role of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the causation of obesity, diabetes and other chronic diseases 3. BIOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SEDENTARY BEHAVIOUR; Understand the determinants, specifically the biological determinants (genotype and early life factors), of physical activity and sedentary behaviour and how these variables may modify the association between physical activity, obesity and related metabolic disorders MEASUREMENTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Measurement precision of exposure variables such as physical activity is key in epidemiological research. We are evaluating various objective methods for assessing physical activity including a combined heart rate and movement sensor (the Actiheart) for use in large-scale epidemiological studies. Our results show that this method is more accurate than other comparable objective activity assessment methods in both children and adults for assessing physical activity energy expenditure. However, these studies are restricted to confined settings and we are currently undertaking free living validation work using doubly labelled water (DLW) as the criterion method in UK children and adults. Preliminary data from these studies suggest that the combined heart rate and movement sensing is valid for estimating free living PAEE without any systematic error. It is, however unknown whether the validity of combined heart rate and movement sensing and other movement sensors is influenced by age, culture, climate and other environmental factors. We have therefore initiated studies to examine how different environmental conditions may affect the validity of this method. The next generation of objective measurement instruments will have the possibility to detect different types of activities performed. We have initiated work on developing a high frequency (80 Hz) sampling movement sensor in collaboration with industry for activity type classification. Our work on self-reported physical activity include the development self-report physical activity instruments specifically fit for purpose with the aim to establish a portfolio of questionnaires developed for different age groups, time frames, and assessing different domains of activity. This includes testing the reliability and validity of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) physical activity questionnaire across 10 countries in Europe. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE CAUSATION OF DISEASE We aim to examine the complex interrelationships between sedentary behaviour and physical activity with morbidity, mortality and intermediate metabolic traits, throughout life. We aim to explore the direction of associations between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health outcomes and how physical activity and sedentary behaviour may interact in relation to health. A long term goal is to understand how precisely measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour in childhood may influence on adult health. BIOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Our overall aim is to understand the biological determinants of physical activity including birth weight, infancy and childhood growth, motor development and genotype and how these factors may modify the association between physical

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50

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Andersen E (2015) Effects of reducing sedentary time on glucose metabolism in immigrant Pakistani men. in Medicine and science in sports and exercise

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Andersen LB (2015) A new approach to define and diagnose cardiometabolic disorder in children. in Journal of diabetes research

 
Description BASES PA guidelines
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Canadian Sedentary Guidelines
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
URL http://www.csep.ca/english/view.asp?x=804
 
Description Citation in systematic review - TV mortality paper (IJE)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Cited by The Publications Office of the European Union on 19 May 2016
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/89612982-1e4d-11e6-ba9a-01aa75ed71...
 
Description DoH Expert Group on Sedentary Behaviour and Obesity
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description EU Guidelines for physical activity
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description IOC expert committee
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Moving More, Living More
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/279657/moving_living_more_...
 
Description Sedentary guidelines for children
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health, Volume 5, Issue 1, April 2016, 1-75, Cited by World Health Organization on 08 Apr 2016
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/204979/1/Vol5%20Issu1.pdf
 
Description What works in schools and colleges to increase physical activity?
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/469703/What_works_in_schoo...
 
Description BHF Project Grant (PA in Twins UK)
Amount £280,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Heart Foundation (BHF) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2006 
End 06/2007
 
Description NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme
Amount £110,361 (GBP)
Organisation National Institute for Health Research 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2010 
End 10/2015
 
Description NPRI Project Grant
Amount £315,000 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Department National Prevention Research Initiative (NPRI)
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2008 
End 08/2010
 
Description NPRI project grant
Amount £392,000 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Unilever Studentship
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Unilever 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start  
End 12/2012
 
Description Wellcome Trust Research Fellow travel
Amount £94,677 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description World Cancer Research Fund
Amount £83,836 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Canada 
Sector Public
Country Canada
Start  
 
Title ACC_HR_processing 
Description Processing syntax for combined heart rate and acceleration data 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used to compute summary measures of physical activity in multiple publications 
 
Title CPAQ/YPAQ 
Description Development of physical activity questionnaires for young people 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2009 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Unknown 
 
Title EPAQ2 
Description Provision of EPAQ2 questionnaire and associated analysis syntax (incl instrument, data entry, data cleaning, data interpretation scripts available on web). 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2008 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact we do not track papers by other groups 
 
Title HISPAQ 
Description Questionnaire to retrospectively assess physical activity 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2010 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in case-control study of MND 
 
Title MAHUffe 
Description A programme developed for analysing large quantities of objectively measured physical activity by accelerometry 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2007 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact More than 15 groups worldwide use this software. 
 
Title Measurement Toolkit - instrument library 
Description General update of information in the measurement toolkit and expansion of the examples of instruments to an actual library of instruments 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Website attracts >100 hits per day 
URL http://www.measurement-toolkit.org
 
Title R code, Waveform acceleration analysis 
Description Scripts and algorithms for processing and summarising waveform accelerometry data 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2010 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in several papers and principle adopted by UK biobank 
 
Title RPAQ 
Description A comprehensive questionnaire developed for assessing physical activity. Instrument, data entry, data cleaning, data interpretation scripts available on web. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2009 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in the NDNS and (modified in) UK Biobank 
 
Title SIT-Q-7d 
Description Development of a comprehensive questionnaire (as well as recommended processing guidelines and codes), assessing sedentary behaviour across all domains of daily life in the general adult population. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Inclusion of this questionnaire in the DRCT and Fenland studies. Also used externally (e.g. PubMed ID: 26381488). 
URL http://www.mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk/research/resources/
 
Title SIT-Q-7d 
Description Development of a comprehensive questionnaire (as well as recommended processing guidelines and codes), assessing sedentary behaviour across all domains of daily life in the general adult population. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Inclusion of this questionnaire in the DRCT and Fenland studies. Also used externally (e.g. PubMed ID: 26381488). 
URL http://www.mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk/research/resources/
 
Description 1946 Birth Cohort 
Organisation University College London
Department MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Study Design, PA & Fitness, Analysis, Interpretation, Staff Training, Equipment
Collaborator Contribution Funding, study coordination, staff, data collection, analysis.
Impact 21345808
 
Description Alaska (studying PA in Yupik Eskimos) 
Organisation University of Alaska
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness assessment, analysis, interpretation
Collaborator Contribution PI of cohort
Impact 23666898
Start Year 2008
 
Description BAMMO 
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC)
Department MRC Human Nutrition Research Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Knowledge and expertise in measurement of physical activity and childhood obesity
Collaborator Contribution Statistical knowledge on bias assessment in prospective observational studiesNutritional expertise
Impact 20604868
Start Year 2008
 
Description BAMMO 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department MRC Biostatistics Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Knowledge and expertise in measurement of physical activity and childhood obesity
Collaborator Contribution Statistical knowledge on bias assessment in prospective observational studiesNutritional expertise
Impact 20604868
Start Year 2008
 
Description Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute - fellowship 
Organisation Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution to 4-year early career post-doc fellowship application to Australian NHMRC. Candidate was successful and I will supervise the post-doc while he will join our team for 2 years, starting in 2018.
Collaborator Contribution 4-year early career post-doc fellowship application to Australian NHMRC.
Impact None yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne 
Organisation Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis, interpretation and drafting manuscripts.
Collaborator Contribution Study coordination, data collection, cleaning and processing, drafting manuscripts.
Impact 18000181; 19449106; 20139784; 22297804; 22435750; 26656405
Start Year 2007
 
Description Bi-polar patients (psychomotor activity) 
Organisation Rigshospitalet
Department Department of Psychiatry
Country Denmark 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution Equipment, Staff training on data collection & processing, academic software provision.
Collaborator Contribution Study co-ordination, Funding, data collection, processing, analysis.
Impact 22391514 25131795
Start Year 2007
 
Description Birmingham Healthy Eating & Active Lifestyle for Children (BEACHES / WAVES) 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department Department of Public Health, Epidemiology & Biostatistics (PHEB)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Training, Equipment, processing, Interpretation on measuring Physical Activity.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, Data collection, Study Co-ordination.
Impact 23150507
Start Year 2006
 
Description Birth to Twenty Cohort 
Organisation University of the Witwatersrand
Department Faculty of Health Sciences
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness assessment, interpretation, staff training
Collaborator Contribution Local funding, study coordination, data collection, analysis
Impact In progress
Start Year 2009
 
Description Brisbane children`s validation (QUT) 
Organisation University of Queensland
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Equipment, protocol development, training.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection.
Impact None as yet.
Start Year 2006
 
Description CHASE 
Organisation St George's University of London
Department Division of Population Health Sciences and Education
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise on measuring physical activity and analysing objectively measured physical activity data
Collaborator Contribution Data collection
Impact 20634441, 20454952, 19377098, 19144732
 
Description Cameroon 1 and 2 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Equipment and training. Data cleaning, processing and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection in Cameroon. Drafting publications.
Impact 21270205; 20529884; 19247268; 19017776
Start Year 2006
 
Description Construction workers in Denmark 
Organisation University of Southern Denmark
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Equipment and training. Data cleaning, processing (interpretation and advice on analysis). Contributing to manuscripts.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection, drafting of manuscripts, analysis.
Impact https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253279
Start Year 2011
 
Description DEDIPAC 
Organisation DEDIPAC
Country Netherlands 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provision of intellectual input in the setup of a study, part of the DEDIPAC European project (https://www.dedipac.eu), which is harmonising accelerometer data in adults from 5 European studies. Provision of advice on processing and harmonising data and performing the analyses, and input on the manuscript for publication in an international peer-reviewed journal.
Collaborator Contribution Collection, pooling, harmonisation, processing and analysis of the accelerometer data and basic socio-demographic variables. Drafting of the manuscript.
Impact Publication of manuscript with PMID: 27943147
Start Year 2014
 
Description Ethiopia Studies 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Department Department of Human Nutrition, Exercise and Sports
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PA Assessment, Equipment, Training, Interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, local study co-ordination.
Impact 23244057 25134117 25160601
Start Year 2008
 
Description European Youth Heart Study 
Organisation University of Southern Denmark
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysed and interpreted phenotypic data. DNA extraction, genotyping. Manuscript preparation and dissemination
Collaborator Contribution Provided data from a large European cohort study
Impact 19741166 19735565 19448623 19197262 19183932 19056570 18762509 18248534 18208433 18070991 17641870 17194189 16860699 21050079 20921217 20724581 20134411 24048320 23579180 23525553 23274612 23336399
 
Description Fit2Quit - changes in fitness in response to smoking cessation program 
Organisation University of Auckland
Department National Institute for Health Innovation (NIHI)
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Advice on fitness protocols, analysis of heart rate response to step test, interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Execution of study.
Impact In progress
Start Year 2011
 
Description GECKO Study - Groningen 
Organisation University Medical Center Gronigen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution Equipment, processing.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, data collection, study co-ordination.
Impact In progress
Start Year 2006
 
Description Ghent University 
Organisation University of Ghent
Department Department of Movement and Sports Sciences
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data collection, processing, interpretation, drafting manuscripts.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection, processing, interpretation, drafting manuscripts.
Impact 21864412; 22309066; 23879785; 24492633
Start Year 2009
 
Description GoPA! - SBC 
Organisation International Society For Physical Activity And Health
Country Global 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leading on the addition of sedentary behaviour metrics to the GoPA! physical activity country cards.
Collaborator Contribution Accommodation of addition of sedentary behaviour metrics to the country cards, data input, and protocol reviewing.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Greenland 
Organisation University of Southern Denmark
Department Institute of Public Health
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA assessment, analysis, interpretation
Collaborator Contribution PI of cohort
Impact 24176243; 23416716; 23190587
 
Description Health ABC 
Organisation University of Memphis
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Equipment, protocol development, training, data cleaning and processing.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection, study coordination.
Impact none as yet.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Health ABC 
Organisation University of Pittsburgh
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Equipment, protocol development, training, data cleaning and processing.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection, study coordination.
Impact none as yet.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Health Survey for England (Fitness Survey 2008) 
Organisation National Centre for Social Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Advice on fitness assessment, protocol design.
Collaborator Contribution Execution of study.
Impact Government report on 2008 wave data 2012 wave in progress
Start Year 2007
 
Description Health Survey for England (Fitness Survey 2008) 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Advice on fitness assessment, protocol design.
Collaborator Contribution Execution of study.
Impact Government report on 2008 wave data 2012 wave in progress
Start Year 2007
 
Description Health of the Nation Study (Barbados) 
Organisation University of West Indies
Country Jamaica 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness assessment, staff training, some funding
Collaborator Contribution local funding, staff, study coordination, PI of cohort
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2010
 
Description ICAD 
Organisation University of Bath
Department School of Health Bath
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Grant application, Protocol writing, data management, statistical support, analyzing data and preparing manuscripts
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to pool a large data set of objectively measured physical activity in children
Impact No outputs to date. This project will provide access to the largest data base in the world of objectively measured physical activity in children
Start Year 2007
 
Description Kenya (PA and fitness) 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Department School of Global Health
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness assessment, analysis, interpretation
Collaborator Contribution PI of cohort
Impact 19361878; 22836508
 
Description Kuwait Wellbeing Study 
Organisation Dasman Diabetes Institute
Country Kuwait 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness assessment, analysis, interpretation, staff training
Collaborator Contribution Local funding, study coordination, recruitment and training of staff
Impact 25103964
Start Year 2011
 
Description LSHTM - Hyderabad Study 
Organisation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Department Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Equipment, staff training, processing, interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, Staff, study co-ordination, data collection, analysis.
Impact In process...
Start Year 2009
 
Description NDNS 
Organisation National Centre for Social Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Processing of Physical Activity Data. Interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, Data collection, study co-ordination.
Impact In progress
Start Year 2008
 
Description NDNS 
Organisation University College London
Department Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Processing of Physical Activity Data. Interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, Data collection, study co-ordination.
Impact In progress
Start Year 2008
 
Description Northern Finnish Birth Cohort 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department School of Public Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysed and interpreted data from the Northern Finnish Birth Cohort
Collaborator Contribution Provided data for analysis
Impact 19718258 19461546 17596773
Start Year 2006
 
Description PANACEA 
Organisation Utrecht University
Department Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Generating hypotheses, data analyses and drafting shared publications
Collaborator Contribution Contributed data
Impact 21559044, 21346093, 19223851
Start Year 2007
 
Description Pelotas 
Organisation Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel)
Department Department of Epidemiology
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided expertise on measurement of physical activity
Collaborator Contribution Access to data from 3 large birth cohorts in a country undergoing the epidemiological transition
Impact 20864750 19564666 18648121 22843113 25103964 25361583
Start Year 2006
 
Description ROOTs 1 and 2 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Psychiatry
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data cleaning, processing and analysis. Drafting papers for publication
Collaborator Contribution Collected and provided data
Impact 21727272, 20807464, 23384471
Start Year 2006
 
Description Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (SBRN) 
Organisation Sedentary Behaviour Research Network
Country Canada 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contribution to debate surrounding standardisation of the definitions related to sedentary behaviour research. A first manuscript has been published (see below) defining sedentary behaviour, which I co-authored. Currently a second manuscript is drafted to update definitions related to the sedentary behaviour research area, based on on-going scientific debate, which I am also co-authoring.
Collaborator Contribution Setup of terminology consensus project by the relevant SBRN steering committee. Seek involvement from SBRN members for project and draft first version of the manuscripts.
Impact This has resulted in publication of a consensus manuscript on defining the terminology "sedentary" and "sedentary behaviours": Sedentary Behaviour Research Network. Standardized use of the terms "sedentary" and "sedentary behaviours". Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 2012. 37: 540-542.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Severely Obese Individuals (Feasibility Study) - Galway 
Organisation University Hospital Galway
Department Bariatric Medicine Service
Country Ireland 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution Equipment loan, Staff Training, Processing, Analysis, Interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection, Study Design, Analysis.
Impact EDEG 2012 Conference - Poster presentation (GUH)
Start Year 2011
 
Description Southampton Women's Survey 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department MRC Epidemiology Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Provided monitors, training and guidance for objective measurements of physical activity. Data cleaning, processing and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Collected and provided data on objectively measured physical activity, bone mineral density and body composition
Impact 21562877; 23553158
Start Year 2006
 
Description TB/HIV patients in Tanzania 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Department Department of Human Nutrition, Exercise and Sports
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PA & Fitness assessment advice, staff training, provision of academic software, advice on interpretation, equipment.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, study co-ordination, data collection, processing, analysis.
Impact 24007696
Start Year 2008
 
Description Tarahumara (metabolic health) 
Organisation University of Chihuahua
Country Mexico 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness, assessment, analysis, interpretation, staff training
Collaborator Contribution Funding, study design, local study coordination, staff
Impact Pilot study on PA and fitness published (22308165)
Start Year 2011
 
Description Tarahumara (metabolic health) 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Department School of Global Health
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study design, PA and fitness, assessment, analysis, interpretation, staff training
Collaborator Contribution Funding, study design, local study coordination, staff
Impact Pilot study on PA and fitness published (22308165)
Start Year 2011
 
Description The University of Queensland 
Organisation University of Queensland
Department School of Population Health
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A) Physical activity, sedentary time and cardio-metabolic risk: data processing and interpretation, drafting manuscript B) IAMD project: - Systematic review of studies including objective PA assessment. - Joint organisation of international expert meeting and Delphi survey on development of International Activity Monitor Database (IAMD) - Writing of manuscript C) Invited commentary for Diabetologia - Writing manuscript
Collaborator Contribution A) Physical activity, sedentary time and cardio-metabolic risk: data processing and interpretation, editing manuscript B) IAMD project: Joint organisation of international expert meeting and Delphi survey on development of International Activity Monitor Database (IAMD) Intellectual input in manuscript C) Invited commentary for Diabetologia - Intellectual input in manuscript
Impact 20139784; 25785929 ; 26850177
Start Year 2012
 
Description University of Granada 
Organisation University of Granada
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborator on several European (HELENA, ALPHA, IDEFICS) and Spanish projects (EDUFIT, AVENA). Training and expertise in measurements. Drafting manuscripts.
Collaborator Contribution Contribution to study coordination, data collection, drafting manuscripts.
Impact 23828843; 22648464; 22411362; 21596468; 21576723; 21470352; 21441238; 21165805; 20961915; 20861216; 20721983; 20665383; 20571717; 20449543; 20432194; 19966590; 19700434; 19696034; 19664736; 19597518; 19558383; 19364756; 18343294; 17027801
Start Year 2006
 
Description University of Southern Carolina (ACLS Study) 
Organisation University of South Carolina
Department Department of Exercise Science
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis & Publication on dataset.
Collaborator Contribution Analysis and publication on dataset.
Impact PMID: 23036670
Start Year 2012
 
Description University of Southern Denmark (SDU) 
Organisation University of Southern Denmark
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in objective monitoring of physical activity. Contribution to manuscripts.
Collaborator Contribution Data collection, processing. Drafting of manuscripts.
Impact 22971175; 23416716; 23757430; 25078492;
Start Year 2006
 
Description University of Wollongong 
Organisation University of Wollongong
Department Interdisciplinary Educational Research Institute
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Hosting visiting worker, Equipment loan, Study design advice.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, Data collection, Analysis.
Impact 22989510; 24019006; 22989510
Start Year 2009
 
Description Vellore - PA intervention in young Indian men of low birth weight 
Organisation Christian Medical College, Vellore
Department Department of Endocrinology
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data processing, interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, study co-ordination, data cleaning.
Impact In process...
Start Year 2011
 
Description Vellore - PA intervention in young Indian men of low birth weight 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Department School of Global Health
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data processing, interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Funding, study co-ordination, data cleaning.
Impact In process...
Start Year 2011
 
Description Vopamina (Activity monitor validation, Phoenix, AZ) 
Organisation National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Study design advice on fitness and PA assessment, staff training, data collection, processing, analysis, interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Local study co-ordination, funding, data collection, analysis, interpretation.
Impact 21556140
 
Title Bioband 
Description Wrist-worn accelerometer (waveform) for assessment of daily human physical activity. Funded by UK Biobank and MRC. All materials available at: http://sourceforge.net/projects/bioband/ 
Type Support Tool - For Fundamental Research
Current Stage Of Development Initial development
Year Development Stage Completed 2011
Development Status On hold
Impact Feasibility of large-scale low-cost in-house activity monitor device manufacture 
URL http://sourceforge.net/projects/bioband/
 
Title InterWalk app 
Description Co-developed smartphone app for interval walk training in Danish Diabetes patients (as part of DD2 project) 
Type Management of Diseases and Conditions
Current Stage Of Development Initial development
Year Development Stage Completed 2013
Development Status Under active development/distribution
Impact Larger scale evaluation just started 
 
Title Processing scripts for PA Questionnaires 
Description Syntax for processing data from several PA instruments available on our website 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2010 
Impact Judging from number of requests, other researchers are implemented our methods in their studies 
 
Title Processing scripts for combined heart rate and movement sensing data 
Description Stata syntax for processing activity data collected with Actiheart monitor 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Promotes transparency of methods - aided publication of research papers which use the methodology, eg Brage et al, PLOS ONE 2015 
URL http://www.mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk
 
Description ACSM Sports Medicine Bulletin Active Voice article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact KW was last author on article published online titled: "Active Voice: Television viewing time predicts usual walking speed - But is it the sitting that's important?".

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.multibriefs.com/briefs/acsm/active062315.htm
 
Description Behavioral and health aspects of physical activity - Gyeongsang 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Gyeongsang Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Behavioral and health aspects of physical activity - Yonsei 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Graduate School of Public Health, Hanyang University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cambridge Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 300 visitors to the unit's stand at the Cambridge Science Festival.

Improved awareness of the unit's research. Follow up information requests from teachers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Cambridge Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interactive stand at the Cambridge Science Festival. Typical attendance around 300 visitors, including children and adults. Introduce ways that physical activity is measured in epidemiological studies. Measure heart rate before and after physical activity to demonstrate that a little exercise can raise heart rate.

Inquiries from school teachers and members of the public for further information. Excellent feedback from visitors and consistently good attendance at the stand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
URL http://www.cam.ac.uk/science-festival
 
Description Children aren't active enough in winter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact "University of Cambridge Press Release ""Children aren't active enough in winter, say Cambridge researchers"" issued on paper ""Seasonal Variation in Children's Physical Activity and Sedentary Time""
// Follow-up article published in Horizon 2020 http://www.horizon2020publications.com/H10/#204/z
Andrew Atkin interviewed by Dotty McLeod on on BBC Radio Cambridgeshire Breakfast show http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03j03cr#play, and by Cambridge TV. Report on ITV News online http://www.itv.com/news/anglia/update/2016-02-24/children-arent-active-enough-in-winter-according-to-cambridge-university-research/. Covered by 5 specialist online medical news resources including MedicalXpress http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-02-children-winter.html."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.horizon2020publications.com/H10/#204/z
 
Description EPIC Participant Panel PA Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact 12 Participants attended the Panel Meeting which led to discussions.

Comments on feedback documentation received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Fenland Study Public Meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The meetings are aimed at volunteers who have taken part in one of our large-scale population based study, i.e. the Fenland study. During these meetings we have presented the progress of the study including key scientific findings and our plans for future research. The meetings all ended with a question and answer session. They were attended by several hundred volunteers, who showed a great deal of interest and interaction.

Documented feedback from participants as received during this sessions is taken into account in organising a follow-up phase of this study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Fenland Study Public Meetings - Cambridge, Ely, Wisbech 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Public Meetings for Fenland Study participants in Cambridge, Ely, and Wisbech. The event consisted of a poster display & meet and greet session (30 minutes), followed by a presentation (20 minutes) and panel discussion with audience Q&A (40 minutes). The three meetings were well attended, with about 550 people in total, and there was a very high level of audience engagement, with many excellent questions and good feedback after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Guardian - exercise types and all-cause mortality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided comment to Guardian on non-Unit paper "Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80 306 British adults" http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2016/10/31/bjsports-2016-096822. Quoted in article https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/nov/29/health-racquet-tennis-is-ace-at-reducing-risk-of-death-study-suggests
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/nov/29/health-racquet-tennis-is-ace-at-reducing-risk-of-dea...
 
Description Hills Fest (Hills Road Sixth Form College Cambridge, June 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The Hills Fest is an event at the school where students can chose three different activities from a long list to learn something about potential careers or just topics/activities that are new to them. We gave three 1h workshop-sessions (groups between 17 - 22 participants), told the students about the Unit's work and did a Step Test (incl measuring heart rate before and after) and a creative task about the promotion of the GoActive study.

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ISPAH 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Session chairing: "Patterns in physical activity and sedentary behavior in adults."
6th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health (ISPAH 2016)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ISPAH 2016 - talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation titled: "Mortality benefits from substituting screen time by non-exercise and exercise activities: findings from 423,668 UK Biobank participants"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ISPAH presentation on Physical activity - insulin resistance association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Conference presentation followed by panel discussion on what aspects of physical activity should be advocated to the general public and therefore which aspects should be the subject of global surveillance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Introduction to the objective measurement of physical activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact SB published manuscript via ResearchGate (DOI: [10.13140/RG.2.1.1829.3202]), titled: "Introduction to the objective measurement of physical activity".

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited presentation IASO/WCRF Hot topic conference 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited presentation, titled: "Measurement challenges in physical activity" at WCRF International/IASO Conference "Obesity, Physical Activity and Cancer" on 17 April 2013, London, by UE

Increased awareness of our group's work on physical activity measurement methodology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.wcrf.org/conferences/wcrf_international_iaso_joint_conference_2013/index.php
 
Description Invited workshop for Exeter University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop on physical activity measurement for Exeter University.

Improved awareness of measurement issues in physical activity research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Keynote European Diabetes Epidemiology Group (EDEG) 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Keynote presentation on "Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Diabetes", during EDEG 2013 conference, 13 April 2013, Potsdam (Germany), by UE

Increased awareness on units' research examining the aetiological role of physical and sedentary behaviour in the development of diabetes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://edeg.intelliopen.hu/Programme/27/
 
Description Keynote International Symposium: Physical Activity and Health Promotion during the Life Course (ISPAH) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Keynote presentation on "Measurement of Physical Activity" at the "International Symposium: Physical Activity and Health Promotion during the Life Course", on 22 Jan 2013, in Jyvaskyla (Finland), by UE.

Increased awareness of Unit's research in terms of physical activity measurement methodology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL https://www.jyu.fi/sport/laitokset/terveys/en/ispah2013
 
Description Lectures: Activity in Children (Uni of Southern Denmark) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 3 hrs lectures
Attendees: 60 European students attending master programme in "Physical activity in children"

several requests for doing master projects with us
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Media comment following BBC Horizon program 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Comment for a science writer on a BBC Horizon program on physical activity.

Increased awareness.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Media coverage for paper on physical activity in Kenyans. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media interest in a paper on physical activity levels in Kenyans.

Increased awareness.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Oral presentation Norwegian School of Sport Sciences Spring Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Oral presentation titled: 'Physical activity, sedentary time and adiposity in young children'
Oslo, 6th May 2014.
Presenter: PC

Networking opportunity and scoping of further collaborative work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Oral presentation at 2014 Global Summit on the Physical Activity of Children, Toronto 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Oral presentation of paper titled: 'Sedentary time and sleep duration as risk factors for adolescent obesity: objectively-measured prospective associations from the ROOTS study'
Authors: PAUL JAMES COLLINGS, KATRIEN WIJNDAELE, KIRSTEN CORDER, KATE WESTGATE, CHARLOTTE L RIDGWAY, VALERIE DUNN, IAN M GOODYER, SOREN BRAGE, ULF EKELUND
Toronto, 20th May 2014.


Increased awareness of our unit/group's work on the aetiological role of sedentary behaviour and sleep for adolescent obesity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Oral presentation at EYHS symposium, Madeira, 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Oral presentation by PC at the European Youth Heart Symposium, Madeira, 2012.

Improved awareness of unit's research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Oral presentation at ICPAPH, Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact KW presentation

increased awareness of Unit's work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Oral presentation at ICPAPH, Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact RG presentation

increased awareness of Unit's research at ICPAPH
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Oxbridge Academic Program 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We did a presentation (Physical activity and health, some methods and what the work our unit does) and then had an interactive lab session.The purpose of the program is to expose students to different aspects of sports medicine and exercise physiology in an interactive way.

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.oxbridgeprograms.com/Programs/TheCambridgeTradition/TheProgram.aspx
 
Description Physical Activity Measurement Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Organised and hosted a week long seminar on the Measurement of Physical Activity in Epidemiological Settings. This involves lectures, practical sessions, workshops and guest speakers for around 30 participants worldwide.

This has become a very well known and well respected seminar, to the extend there is a waiting list. Overall it has helped improve collaborations and raise awareness of methodological issues in physical activity measurement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Physical activity, sedentary behaviour, mortality - Press resease 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Cambridge University and Lancet Press Releases "An hour of moderate exercise a day enough to counter health risks from prolonged sitting" and "One hour of physical activity per day could offset health risk of 8 hours of sitting" on Lancet special issue - Physical Activity - paper "Does physical activity attenuate, or even eliminate, the detrimental association of sitting time with mortality? A harmonised meta-analysis of data from more than 1 million men and women" PubMed: 27475271. Also discussed in commentary in Lancet special issue http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30370-1 and at launch event for special issue held in London on 27 July to capitalise on build up to Olympics. UE did more than a dozen media interviews , and NW also did two. UE interviewed by BBC Radio 4. NW interviewed by BBC Radio Cambridgeshire. The paper was reported in over 450 national, international, local and Specialist news outlets (print and online). These included the BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-36895789, Telegraph (Front page) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/07/27/office-workers-must-exercise-for-an-hour-a-day-to-counter-death/ Daily Mail (front page) http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3711066/A-desk-job-make-60-likely-die-earlier-Hour-s-exercise-day-needed-help-beat-deadly-effects-working-9-5.html, Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/jul/27/health-risk-one-hour-activity-offset-eight-hours-sitting-desk, CNN http://edition.cnn.com/2016/07/27/health/one-hour-exercise-tackles-8-hours-sitting/ and New Scientist https://www.newscientist.com/article/2099128-desk-job-death-risk-is-eliminated-by-an-hours-walk-or-cycle/. The article was much discussed online, achieving an altmetric score of 2384 by 05/08/2016 https://www.altmetric.com/details/10081542. Ulf was still receiving radon interview requests a week after the launch event (from BBC Radio Northamptonshire). The article was ranked 16 in the Altmetric top 100 articles in 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30370-1
 
Description Physiological Studies Meeting (Nov 2013), University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Katrien Wijndaele presented on "Cardiometabolic risks of prolonged sitting" during the quarterly Physiological Studies Meeting, organised by Prof. D Dunger`s department at the University of Cambridge, on the 26th November 2013.

High increase in chances for collaboration on physiological trial work with physiologists from other departments in the University of Cambridge, given the engagement of the audience during this talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Placement visiting researchers Inacio Da Silva, Victor Segura, Anwar Mohammad 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Hosting visiting researchers during their placements in our group, in order to support them in processing their objectively measured physical activity data and interpreting and reporting their results for international peer-reviewed publications.

Consolidation of collaborations with the relevant institutions, in addition to the collaborative publications in preparation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013
 
Description Poster presentation - Building Bridges in Medical Sciences conference (Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presenting work on "Patterns and habits of physical activity in older men and women - the EPIC Norfolk cohort" at the Building Bridges in Medical Sciences conference, Robinson College, Cambridge, 7th March 2014. Authors: Berkemeyer K, Wijndaele K, Luben R, van Sluijs EMF, Griffin SJ, Khaw KT, Wareham NJ, Brage S.

Increased awareness of our work on physical activity in elderly cohorts, more specifically the objective measurement of physical activity in this age group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation - Building Bridges in Medical Sciences conference (Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presenting work on "Patterns and habits of physical activity in older men and women - the EPIC Norfolk cohort" at the Building Bridges in Medical Sciences conference, Robinson College, Cambridge, 7th March 2014. Authors: Berkemeyer K, Wijndaele K, Luben R, van Sluijs EMF, Griffin SJ, Khaw KT, Wareham NJ, Brage S.

Increased awareness of our work on physical activity in elderly cohorts, more specifically the objective measurement of physical activity in this age group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Press release -Some is good, more is better - UCL Diabetologia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact UCL Press Release ""Some is good, more is better": Regular exercise can cut your diabetes risk" and Diabetologia Press Release "New studies reveal the importance of both the amount and timing of physical activity on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes" on paper "Physical activity and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies" by Andrea Smith et al PubMed:27747395. Blogged and tweeted by Unit, and Unit authors had input into UCL press release as Andrea was based at Unit when most of the analysis was undertaken. 42 news reports in print and online news media, including the Sun https://www.thesun.co.uk/living/1996839/adults-could-slash-diabetes-risk-by-a-quarter-by-doing-just-20-minutes-a-day-of-exercise-say-scientists/, Telegraph, Daily Mail, Express and ABC News. Also reportd in 25 specialist health news outlets, including Medical News Today http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313517.php and ScienceDaily. High level of interist on Twitter, with over 100 tweets reported by Altmetric in first 12 hours following publication https://www.altmetric.com/details/12678096, rising to 329 by 288 users by 26/10/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Press release and media coverage on physical activity and metabolic risk in children 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact International coverage (13 stories worldwide) following a paper published in JAMA. 2012;307(7):704-712. (PMID22337681).

This paper was also shared on Twitter by a science writer, to approx 20,000 followers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Regular School Visits 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We regularly visit schools in the local area during science classes to present our research

Pupils signed up as volunteers for our research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009
 
Description Reuters Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Contributed to articles for Reuters Health related to ongoing research

N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2009
 
Description Stand at Cambridge Big Weekend/ Olympic Torch visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Approx 150 children and adults visited the unit's stand to find out more about physical activity.

Excellent feedback from visitors and invitation to attend the event again in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013
 
Description TV viewing a deadly own goal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Broad media cover including UK and international newspapers, Regional radio and TV

Contributed to raise the awareness of the hazardous impact of too much time spent sedentary
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description Teaching Diabetes Module - MPhil in Epidemiology and Public Health - University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact SB provided a lecture titled "Physical Activity and Diabetes". An overview of the role of physical activity and sedentary behavior for the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of diabetes and related metabolic traits.

MPhil students wishing to do their thesis in this topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015
URL http://www.phpc.cam.ac.uk/graduate-studies/mphil-in-epidemiology/
 
Description Teaching PA Module - MPhil in Epidemiology and Public Health - University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Our group organises and provides the lectures of the Physical Activity Module of this MPhil Course. This module provides the students with elementary knowledge on the measurement of physical activity and fitness in epidemiological studies, as well as the aetiological role of physical fitness and activity in determining a range of health outcomes. Students also collect, process and analyse their own physical activity and fitness data and present their findings during several practical sessions. This ensures their engagement in physical activity and fitness related research, which they can then apply in future careers in epidemiology or public health. Some students stay on as PhD students in our Unit.

The theoretical and practical aspects of the Physical Activity ensures students` engagement in physical activity and fitness related research, which they can then apply in future careers in epidemiology or public health. Some students stay on as PhD students in our Unit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://www.phpc.cam.ac.uk/graduate-studies/mphil-in-epidemiology/
 
Description UK Biobank physical activity dataset 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press Release from UK Biobank 'UK Biobank announce availability of world's largest objective physical activity dataset ' for PLoS One paper 'Large Scale Population Assessment of Physical Activity Using Wrist Worn Accelerometers: The UK Biobank Study' PubMed:28146576. No media coverage, but the paper did receive a lot of interest on twitter from researchers working in the field of physical activity after the Unit tweeted links to the press release and original paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop: Activity in children (Uni of Southern Denmark) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 3 hrs workshop on fitness testing, individual calibration, modeling of habitual activity data.
Attendees: 60 European students attending master programme in "Physical activity in children"

several requests to do final year master project with us
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description World Diabetes Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Stand at Addenbrooke's hospital for the public, patients and health professionals on diabetes, diabetes research and physical activity. Attended by appropriately 70 visitors.

Excellent visitor feedback. Improved awareness across research and clinical teams.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Youngwon - Seoul National University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture "Behavioral and health aspects of physical activity"
Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016