Modelling population health and behaviour change in the transition to a low carbon society

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Institute of Public Health

Abstract

Many policy decisions rely on the results of computer models. Computer models are needed because there are many things we cannot directly observe. Better models should support better decision making. I will develop models in two areas where behaviour change could benefit both health and the environment; physically active travel and healthier diets.

Being more physically active, even just through walking or cycling short trips, can help reduce the risk of diseases, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, breast cancer, and dementia. I have created a computer model to estimate how much walking and cycling more and driving less could improve public health and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This model includes not just health benefits, such as from physical activity, but also harms from air pollution and road traffic injuries. It has highlighted the potential for cycling to replace many of our everyday car trips. The model is being used in various countries and I am currently using it to estimate the health effects from the London Barclays Cycle Hire Scheme.

In this fellowship I will improve the way the model deals with changes over time, and use the model to find out where filling gaps in the evidence could bring the greatest benefit. I will also work with policy makers to make it more user friendly and I will work with colleagues to estimate the longer term health effects from building different kinds of transport infrastructure (e.g. cycle paths).

To tackle the problems of overweight and obesity we need to not just increase physical activity but also change what we eat. I will develop another computer model that brings together physical activity and diet to study obesity. This model will also look at the cost of healthier and more sustainable diets and see which interventions might improve health, sustainability, and reduce health inequalities.

Knowing what would happen if people adopted more healthy lifestyles is not enough; we also need to know how society can better support healthier lifestyles. I will use two other computer modelling methods, agent based modelling and system dynamic modelling, to help explore why and how people's behaviour might change. Creating useful computer models of society requires bringing together many different sources of information. I will use information including scientific studies and the expert knowledge of key participants.

Agent based models are used in computer games, e.g. The Sims, as well as academic work. They create virtual agents (such as people) who interact with each other. My agent based model will look at how people's travel choices are shaped by other people: for example, people may be more influenced by those they see as similar to themselves. To make the model more accurate I will draw on research that has studied how people influence and learn from each other in local contexts like workplaces.

I will use system dynamic modelling to look at the 'big picture', asking how cycling could become a mass mode of travel and how what we eat in Britain could change. The models will build on the expertise of academics, policy-makers and advocates, through workshops, where these stakeholders will help me develop the model.

When the models have been developed, we will run them many times, test them against real world data, and try out different policies. The results of the models will be used to try and understand better how policies might play out in the long-run and to test how robust policies are to outside events (e.g. oil price rises).

This fellowship will continue my training as an independent public health researcher. I will be trained in different modelling approaches and analysis of qualitative data, and learn from working with more experienced researchers. Overall this research stands to benefit transport and food policy making and potentially other policy areas where government is interested in behaviour change, such as alcohol, and tobacco.

Technical Summary

Modelling is needed in public health because we want to estimate that which we cannot directly observe. Models should use the best evidence, represent uncertainty, and be as transparent as possible. The research will have two foci, modelling health impacts and modelling behaviour change.

1) Modelling health impacts: My macro simulation modelling has highlighted the untapped potential of cycling in the UK both to benefit public health and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this fellowship I will collaborate with other researchers and policy makers to use the model to answer practical questions, to improve the model, and make it more user friendly. I will also develop a new physical activity and diet model to answer questions about how interventions, including price changes, could affect population health and health inequalities.

2) Modelling behaviour change: I will use two types of computer simulation models that can aid understanding of complex systems; agent based modelling (ABM) and system dynamic (SD). The ABMs will focus on how local cycling cultures spread through social influence, and how this affects policy. Behavioural rules will be developed through re-analysis of qualitative data. SD models, created through a group model building process, will be developed to answer questions on the transition to healthier and more sustainable food and transport systems. Insights from each model will inform the other.

Across all the simulation models I will use exploratory modelling and analysis to test robustness of policy options across plausible scenarios.

This fellowship will continue my transition into a fully independent public health researcher, with core expertise in modelling, and produce innovative models with wider application to problems of behaviour change. Formal training will include courses on ABM, SD modelling, and qualitative data analysis. Informal training will occur through collaboration with researchers with a range of expertise.

Planned Impact

This fellowship stands to primarily benefit local, national and international policy-makers and practitioners from areas including health, environmental policy, transport, and food policy. It also stands to benefit organisations working on active travel (NGOs and businesses) and organisations seeking to promote active travel in the workplace. Most significantly the research offers the potential to reduce the burden of diseases associated with physical inactivity and poor diet and to assist with the move to a more sustainable society.

Modelling and models are too often the preserve of technical experts. I would argue that models should help us understand the complexity and uncertainty of the world not make it more opaque. Part of the aim of the research is to open up modelling through participatory approaches and improving modelling literacy of stakeholders.

Policy makers will benefit directly from the model results and through using the models to consider different policy scenarios and assess proposed changes. The models will improve the ability to predict likely effects of interventions before deciding how to invest resources in real interventions; a major benefit for resource constrained public authorities. The move of public health functions into local authorities in 2013 will bring together responsibilities for transport and health. This research can provide evidence based on integrated rather than 'silo thinking'.

Specific technical benefits will improve the usefulness of the models, e.g. the move to a dynamic model will allow policy-makers to compare potential health impacts over time from different scenarios and policies. This can help with mitigating negative effects; for example with more cycling road traffic injuries might first rise then fall. Another benefit would arise from the proposed integration of my models within the transport and land use models widely used in planning.

The SD and ABM models address gaps in policy-relevant knowledge. Specifically the SD modelling will increase understanding of likely longer-term policy impacts, including unintended consequences, in the policy areas of transport and food. The ABM modelling will develop knowledge about how micro-level social relations shape responses to policies. Both have broader implications for knowledge about public policy and its impacts, in particular on the uptake of healthier lifestyles.

Policy-makers will benefit from improved understanding of modelling outputs. For example, by engaging stakeholders in the exploratory modelling I will seek to move beyond the presentation of best estimate results by addressing questions such as risk management with respect to highly negative outcomes and the sensitivity of results to structural and parametric uncertainty.

NGOs working around health, diet, and transport are potential additional non-academic beneficiaries. Many of these organisations are increasingly involved in service delivery. Modelled results could assist them in providing better services and lead to a stronger evidence base for their work.

A recent scoping report for the WHO, which I co-authored, highlighted the potential for job creation in sustainable travel, including cycling (e.g. bike retail and public bike schemes). If industry has a better understanding of cycling trends then they are better placed to invest. The modelling of cycling in the workplace, via the ABM, stands to provide benefit to employers and employees looking to make travel within their organisations healthier and more sustainable. An increase in cycling may also lead to reductions in the economic costs from congestion.

As stakeholders will be engaged throughout, these benefits will be realised throughout the project. The models will continue to produce impact after the project, as will collaborations across policy areas. Ultimately this fellowship seeks to benefit population health, while simultaneously supporting environmental sustainability.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Active Travel Act (Wales)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The purpose of the Act (enacted October 2013) is to require local authorities to continuously improve facilities and routes for pedestrians and cyclists and to prepare maps identifying current and potential future routes for their use. The Bill will also require new road schemes (including road improvement schemes) to consider the needs of pedestrians and cyclists at design stage. Two of my papers were cited in the Explanatory Memorandum accompanying the Bill, as was a specially commissioned report in which we modelled the potential health savings for Wales of increases in walking and cycling.
 
Description Air pollution and physical activity paper cited in WHO report
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/250367/1/9789241511445-eng.pdf
 
Description Cambridge County Council Joint Stratetic Needs Assement on Transport & Health
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk/JSNA/Transport-and-Health-2014/15
 
Description Cambridge County Council Joint Stratetic Needs Assement on Transport & Health
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Citation in Annual Public Health Report for Suffolk 2013
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description DECC Climate Change Mitigation Expert Workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Department of Energy and Climate Change: Workshop on the co-benefits and possible adverse side effects of climate change mitigation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact The outputs from the workshop are being used in drawing up policy on climate change mitigation
 
Description DfT
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description DfT Expert Meeting on Climate Change Mitigation and Health
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact The workshop is being used for the development of DfT policy on how to reduce transport emissions by mode shift.
 
Description DfT Working Group on Academic Input into WebTAG
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Health as the pulse of the new urban agenda: United Nations conference on housing and sustainable urban development, Quito, October 2016 Cited by World Health Organization on 01 Jan 2016
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/250367
 
Description McKinsey's Obesity review
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/economic_studies/how_the_world_could_better_fight_obesity
 
Description Middle Tennessee Transportation and Health Study
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.nashvillempo.org/regional_plan/health/
 
Description Participation to two policy workshops on strategies to promote cycling with civil servants from the Department for Transport.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Propensity to Cycle Tool Training
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.pct.bike/
 
Description WHO HEAT group
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
URL http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-health/Transport-and-health/activities/guid...
 
Description WebTAG: Physical Activity, Health and Transport Advisory Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description World Health Organization European Region Expert Group on Climate Change Mitigation and Health
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £42,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 02/2016
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Award
Amount £16,868 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/M500409/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description Global & local health impact assessment of transport
Amount € 1,661,804 (EUR)
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2023
 
Description Health Systems Research Initiative Trial Development Grant
Amount £104,000 (GBP)
Organisation Joint Health Systems Research Initiative MRC/ESRC 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 06/2017
 
Description Is 20 plenty for health?
Amount £909,000 (GBP)
Funding ID PHR/15/82/12 
Organisation National Institute for Health Research 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 06/2020
 
Description Modelling 'Health Checks Programme'
Amount £65,000 (GBP)
Organisation Public Health England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2014 
End 05/2015
 
Description National Propensity to Cycle Tool (NPCT) - Part 2
Amount £206,055 (GBP)
Organisation WS Atkins 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Research into valuing health impacts in Transport Appraisal
Amount £46,999 (GBP)
Funding ID PO 8000155258 
Organisation Department of Transport 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description Scalable behavioural weight management programme for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Amount £1,800,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 909531 
Organisation National Institute for Health Research 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Title ITHIM 
Description ITHIM refers to a range of related models and tools developed at CEDAR to perform integrated assessment of the health effects of transport scenarios and policies at the urban and national level. The health effects of transport policies are modelled through the changes in physical activity, road traffic injury risk, and exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution. Some versions of ITHIM also predict changes in CO2 emissions. ITHIM is being used in research and by health and transport professionals to estimate the health impacts of scenarios, compare the impact of travel patterns in different places, and model the impact of interventions. ITHIM works either as a stand-alone model, or it can be linked with other models (e.g. transport, health, economic). 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Fed into transport plans in London, California and Portland. ITHIM has is being used in research projects in Brazil, India, and Malaysia. It has been sent to research & practitioner groups in Ireland, Taiwan, Singapore, Canada, and multiple groups in the US. It has been used to generate results for reports (for British Cycling and CTC) that have attracted media and parliamentary attention. 
URL http://www.cedar.iph.cam.ac.uk/research/modelling/ithim/
 
Title ITHIM R 
Description The Integrated Transport and Health Impact Modelling (ITHIM) tool has been considerably upgraded and implemented into R. https://shiny.mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk/ithim/ 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact A version of the model was developed with inputs from local and WHO stakeholders in Accra, Ghana. Impacts and outputs have also been realised from spin off versions of the model (and earlier versions) including citation under objective 6 of the California "Health in All Policies Task Force 2014-2018 Active Transportation Action Report" with recent papers here https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304879 https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/read-the-journal/all-issues/2010-2019/2018/vol-131-no-1472-23-march-2018/7529 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1361920918309052 https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/5/962 
URL https://shiny.mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk/ithim/
 
Title Impacts of Cycling Tool 
Description The Impacts of Cycling Tool is a model and web tool for analysing travel surveys and comparing the outcomes of increases in the likelihood of cycling amongst different population groups. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We have presented the ICT to DfT and international stakeholders. 
URL http://www.pct.bike/ict
 
Title Propensity to Cycle Tool 
Description The PCT is a model and on-line tool to evaluate areas and routes with the greatest cycling potential. It also estimates corresponding health benefits (through increased phsyical activity) and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The PCT is an open source tool funded by the DfT and is now being used by many local authorities in planning on where to invest in cycling 
URL http://www.pct.bike
 
Title THAT 
Description A web based modelling tool that allows the user to generate scenarios based on transferring trips to walking or cycling. Multiple scenarios can be created with trips selected based on the age & gender of the traveller, the trip distance, and the travel mode. The model generates outcomes in terms of travel patterns, population health (from injuries, air pollution and physical activity), and greenhouse gas emissions 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Transport for London are using the model to inform policy development. We have had requests from London boroughs for borough specific versions of the model. 
URL http://www.cedar.iph.cam.ac.uk/research/modelling/ithim/
 
Description Center for Transportation, Environment, and Community Health. Preserving the Environment 
Organisation University of California, Davis
Department The Institute of Transportation Studies
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 2018-2023: USA Department of Transportation: Center for Transportation, Environment, and Community Health. Preserving the Environment. Cornell University- Lead, Consortium Members: University of California, Davis, University of South Florida, University of Texas at El Paso. $2.8 million per year I am co-investigator on this centre grant and will be able to apply for funding from it We will be working together on various projects with a focus on including health within travel demand models.
Collaborator Contribution We will be working together on various projects with a focus on including health within travel demand models.
Impact none yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Health Co-Benefits from the Introduction of Mass Rapid Transit as Climate Change Mitigation in Greater Kuala Lumpur 
Organisation United Nations University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-investigator on research study, providing research tools and advice on study design, and contributing to papers
Collaborator Contribution Leading research, conducting field work
Impact Kwan recently won Marko noticed that you won the best student oral presentation prize at the 16th International Conference of the Pacific Basin Consortium for Environment and Health http://iigh.unu.edu/news/news/unu-iigh-student-won-best-oral-presentation-in-a-jakarta-conference.html
Start Year 2014
 
Description Modelling transport scenarios for European countries and US states 
Organisation University of Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration on health impact modelling study bringing together data from Switzerland, England, Netherlands and California
Collaborator Contribution Data access and analysis for Switzerland. Drafting article.
Impact Article submitted to Preventive Medicine
Start Year 2012
 
Description Ruth Hunter NIHR fellow advisory board 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborating on development of agent based models in fellowship New partnership. The project will include placements in Cambridge for the researcher.
Collaborator Contribution Queen's are leading the development of the the agent based model
Impact New partnership. The project will include placements in Cambridge for the researcher.
Start Year 2015
 
Description University of Zurich - Collaboration on health impact modelling study 
Organisation University of Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration on health impact modelling study bringing together data from Switzerland, England, Netherlands and California
Collaborator Contribution Data access and analysis for Switzerland. Drafting article
Impact http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743515000535 Article published comparing health impacts travel patterns in England, California, Netherlands, and Switzerland
Start Year 2012
 
Title Impacts of Cycling Tool (ICT) 
Description The ICT Version 1 is used to estimate a range of different outcomes, e.g. health, carbon, and physical activity related to an increase in cycling uptake. The use of individual level data allows us to look at how outcomes vary for any subgroup. The ICT is funded by the DfT. The code is freely available here https://github.com/ithim The approach is generalisable to any individual level travel survey. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact We are currently working on applying this with collaborators to Sao Paulo, Brazil and Tennessee, USA. 
URL http://www.pct.bike/ICT
 
Title National Propensity to Cycle Tool (NPCT) 
Description The NPCT is a tool for transport planner and decision makers to help inform investment in cycling infrastructure. It is funded by the DfT and supported by both an ESRC and EPSRC Impact Acceleration Award. It has been user tested with authorities as diverse as Greater Manchester and Tunbridge Wells. The code is available open source https://github.com/npct/ This supports this as a generalisable approach. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The PCT has already received considerable interest from transport planners in many local authorities and combined authorities. Illustrative quotes on the tool include: 'This is a useful tool to help identify potential cycle routes for future (predicted) trips' Chris Hughes, Capita North Tyneside 'As a densely populated, heavily congested city with considerable topographical challenges, outputs around e-bikes are very exciting in demonstrating the level of impact that policy change would have on cycle levels in Bath.' (Jessica Fox-Taylor, Bath and North East Somerset' 'We can use this to support the business case for cycle network improvements', Richard Smith, Cov City Council 'The tool can be used to encourage the Local Enterprise Partnership to focus on cycling and walking capital schemes for investment and to provide evidence to members/public and funders on potential impacts.' Bethan Edwards, Cheshire West and Cheshire Council. The PCT has been achieved runner up status in the cycle planning awards 2015 and 2016, 
URL http://www.pct.bike
 
Description A longitudinal microsimulation model of the NHS Health Checks Programme. National Health Checks Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the model to practitioners, researchers and policy makers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.phe-events.org.uk/hpa/frontend/reg/thome.csp?pageID=199703&eventID=511&msID=3667&pd=7759...
 
Description Air pollution in India - NDTV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided comment to NDTV (India) journalist on another research group's newly published modelling study of pollution in India. Quoted in article "India Air Pollution So Bad Half A Million People Die Every Year: Study" http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/air-pollution-in-india-is-so-bad-that-it-kills-half-a-million-people-every-year-1405385
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/air-pollution-in-india-is-so-bad-that-it-kills-half-a-million-people-...
 
Description All Party Committee on Physical Activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Joint CEDAR/MRC Epidemiology submission (x2) to All Party Committee on Physical Activity


Response from The Young Foundation (who are analysing submissions, 18.02.14): "we were just highlighting your responses to go to the co-chairs as two of the best responses. Some very useful insights which will be invaluable for us in drawing up our recommendations."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://activitycommission.com/
 
Description Article on The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Hard Evidence: do bikeshare schemes lead to more head injuries among cyclists?
The Conversation is an independent source of news and views, sourced from the academic and research community and delivered direct to the public.

Over 100 shares in Facebook and Twitter in the first week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://theconversation.com/hard-evidence-do-bikeshare-schemes-lead-to-more-head-injuries-among-cycli...
 
Description BBC Radio 4' Right of Way: Cycling and the City 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact James Woodcock / CEDAR featured on BBC Radio 4' Right of Way: Cycling and the City. 15/01/2014


To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03pjfj3
 
Description BBC Radio Cambridgeshire Drivetime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewee, BBC Radio Cambridgeshire Drivetime
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Bright Club - Cambridge Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bright Club - Comedy Show during Cambridge Science Festival http://www.cambridge-tv.co.uk/bright-club-ep6/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cambridge-tv.co.uk/bright-club-ep6/
 
Description British Cycling modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Briefing document prepared by Dr James Woodcock for British Cycling: Modelling the Health Impact of a 10% cycling mode share. Attracted attention online and in print media. See e.g. article in the Guardian - http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/feb/10/cycling-save-nhs-250m-year-report


TBA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CDC talk: Modelling the health impacts of a modal shift to cycling and walking 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Web talk to the US CDC Built Environment Working Group

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Cambridge Science Festival - OM 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Epidemiology Unit/CEDAR stand at the clinical school was visited by about 250 people, including about 100 adults and 150 children. (Oliver Mytton)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Cambridge TV interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Relates to paper: Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Campaign for Better Transport roundtable 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Organised by the Campaign for Better Transport, a NGO which promotes sustainable transport policies, in association with a number of other organisations. The round table comes from discussions with officials at the Treasury, who want to understand the evidence base on Government interventions and programmes, to inform the forthcoming Spending Review and the development of the Cycling & Walking Investment Strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Cycle Planning Awards 2016 - PCT - bikebiz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Propensity to Cycle Tool awarded Highly Commended in "Best innovation - use of technology or new technique category" at Cycle Planning Awards 2016. Reported in online specialist news reports http://www.bikebiz.com/news/read/london-wins-big-at-cycle-planning-awards/020144
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bikebiz.com/news/read/london-wins-big-at-cycle-planning-awards/020144
 
Description Cycling system modelling workshop in Nijgemen, Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 24 participants attended a half day workshop that we organised in collaboration with the Nijmegen School of Management. Half the participants were Masters students in System Dynamics. The other half were practitioners, campaigners and policy makers from Nijmegen and nearby areas in the Netherlands.

A new causal loop model was created following the workshop following requests by the participants. A report from the workshop is currently being written up and will be made publicly available. Participants suggested data sources for creation of a simulation model.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Cycling uptake and cycling systems 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop with students, academics, and practitioners in Lund University, focusing on developing knowledge about rules for model building, by exploring perspectives from higher-cycling contexts.

TBA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description DASH diet: health and climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Post on CEDAR News blog on article: Greater accordance with the DASH dietary pattern is associated with lower diet-related greenhouse gas production but higher dietary costs in the United Kingdom, Pablo Monsivais, Peter Scarborough, Tina Lloyd, Anja Mizdrak, Robert Luben, Angela A Mulligan, Nicholas J Wareham, and James Woodcock. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, April 2015. Post was promoted by CEDAR, MRC Epidemiology Unit and University of Oxford social media.
//
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cedar.iph.cam.ac.uk/blog/dash-for-the-planet/
 
Description Dahrendorf Symposium Berlin 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 30 participants (mixture of academics, research students, and policy makers) attended the workshop. Talk entitled, "Transport Co-Benefits",:Dahrendorf Workshop: Low-Carbon Infrastructures, Co-Benefits and Land Taxation in European Cities, Where and How:" Berlin July 2013

Contribution to IPCC upcoming assessment report.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.dahrendorf-symposium.eu/?id=305
 
Description ESRC Research Methods Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact ESRC Research Methods Festival Oxford, Using Secondary Analysis to Research Individual Behaviour; James Woodcock


To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ncrm.ac.uk/RMF2014/programme/session.php?id=A2
 
Description Exercise and air pollution - Preventative Medicine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release from University of Cambridge "Walking and cycling are good for health even in cities with higher levels of air pollution" on paper PubMed:27156248. Researchers were interviewed for BBC News (TV), Sky News (TV), BBC World Service, BBC Radio Cambridgeshire, BBC Radio 5 live, BBC Persian (radio), and also did phone interviews and answered questions by email from print/online journalists including Guardian, Times, Telegraph, Washington Post, Buzzfeed, New Scientist and Daily Mail. This research received widespread broadcast media coverage, including the national BBC News at 1pm (from 10:40) and 6pm, BBC Radio 5 Live, Sky News, BBC Radio Cambridgeshire, BBC Persian. The there were over 100 National and international print and online news articles, including BBC online, Guardian, Times, Washington Post, Buzzfeed, Daily Mail, Xinhua, Times of India and The Australian. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-36208003. MT subsequently invited by NDTV (India) to comment on new modelling study of air pollution impacts in India. Study linked to in subsequent National Geographic online article on new research on exercise and pollution, published 10 August 2016 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/08/bicycles-air-pollution-health-new-york-city-columbia-university/. Featured in list of '33 Facts We Didn't Know At The Start Of 2016' published by BuzzFeed on 20 December 2016 https://www.buzzfeed.com/kellyoakes/science-facts-we-didnt-know-at-the-start-of-2016?utm_term=.qqN00qlagK#.ok388Yg4RO and viewed 468,000 times. Paper referred to in Guardian article "Tipping point: revealing the cities where exercise does more harm than good" published on 13/02/2017 https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2017/feb/13/tipping-point-cities-exercise-more-harm-than-good?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description FT article - Pollution and exercise 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In depth discussion with Financial Times journalist and sent data on more than 20 cities for the article. Article published https://ig.ft.com/sites/urban-cycling/ including quote and online tool to examine pollution in your area. Article prompted twitter discussion between leading politicians in Helsinki - who discussed obtaining similar information for the City.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://ig.ft.com/sites/urban-cycling/
 
Description Famelab 2016 - Cambridge round 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Marko Tainio Participated in the first heat of the Cambridge regional round of Famelab 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.theportlandarms.co.uk/wp/event/fame-lab/
 
Description HEAT (Health Economic Appraisal of Transport) Expert Working Group in Bonn 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 40 participants (a mixture of academics, WHO officers, and other stakeholders) took part in a one and a half day workshop. I also participated in the smaller closed group session of around 10 people on the afternoon of day 2. We made decisions on the next version of the HEAT tool, including changing the dose response curve shape, the relative risks used, and the statistical value of a human life.

The HEAT tool is intended as a simple model for use by in policy formulation and by practitioners. The tool and values from it is widely used in policy formulation (including by the UK Department of Transport), by practitioners (e.g. Sustrans in the UK), and in academic papers. This workshop has led to changes in the values used in the tool. My own more sophisticated (and hence more complicated and with greater data requirements) health model (ITHIM) was used as a comparative model.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://heatwalkingcycling.org/
 
Description Interview BBC One News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview on the paper http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743516000402
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743516000402
 
Description LSTHM Transport and Health seminar series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact LSTHM Transport and Health seminar series, London "Cycle commuting in England: an agent based model of changing practices"". James Woodcock, Ali Abbas. 18/03/2014


To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://blogs.lshtm.ac.uk/transportandhealth/seminar-series/
 
Description Media attention, Bike sharing study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media attention surrounding Woodcock J, Tainio M, Cheshire J, O'Brien O, Goodman A: What are the health effects of the London bicycle sharing system: A health impact modelling study. BMJ 2014;348:g425


"Cycle-hire scheme health benefits 'outweigh risks' (BBC News)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-26182781

Boris bikes benefit older cyclists more (Guardian)
http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/feb/14/boris-bikes-benefit-older-cyclists

Boris Bikes 'boost health despite air pollution risk' (Metro)
http://metro.co.uk/2014/02/14/boris-bikes-boost-health-despite-air-pollution-risk-4303486/

Boris bike benefit 'outweighs harm' (MSN News)
http://news.uk.msn.com/boris-bike-benefit-outweighs-harm

London's bicycle sharing scheme has had positive overall health effect (Economic Voice)
http://www.economicvoice.com/londons-bicycle-sharing-scheme-has-had-positive-overall-health-effect/

Bike sharing scheme 'is a health boost for London' (WebMD)
http://www.webmd.boots.com/fitness-exercise/news/20140214/bike-sharing-health-boost

Boris bike benefits 'far outweigh the harms', study finds (London 24)
http://www.london24.com/news/transport/boris_bike_benefits_far_outweigh_the_harms_study_finds_1_3320627
http://londonist.com/2014/02/study-shows-boris-bikes-are-good-for-you.php and http://www.lbc.co.uk/boris-bikes-benefits-outweigh-the-risks-86034

Boris bikes 'good for health of users', study says
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-26171326

As researchers find London's 'Boris bike' scheme has huge health benefits, is it time to bring them to Cambridge?
http://www.cambridge-news.co.uk/Cambridge/As-researchers-find-Londons-Boris-bike-scheme-has-huge-health-benefits-is-it-time-to-bring-them-to-Cambridge-20140228073048.htm

Boris bikes boost Londoners' health
https://www.cambridgenetwork.co.uk/news/boris-bikes-boost-londoners-health/

Health Benefits of Bike Sharing Depend on Age, Gender
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/health-benefits-of-bike-sharing-depend-on-age-gender/

Why Boris biking is better for men's health than women's
http://theconversation.com/why-boris-biking-is-better-for-mens-health-than-womens-23207"

Air pollution: how big a problem is it for cyclists? (The Guardian)
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/bike-blog/2014/feb/20/air-pollution-cyclists-bike-blog

Health Benefits of Bike Sharing Depend on Age, Gender (Scientific American)
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/health-benefits-of-bike-sharing-depend-on-age-gender/

14 Feb 2014 LBC interview, Anna Goodman
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.cedar.iph.cam.ac.uk/blog/boris-bikes-health-benefits/
 
Description Meeting with Andrew Limb Head of Corporate Strategy, Cambridge City Council) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussed data and models and their applicability to transport and health problems in Cambridgeshire
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.csap.cam.ac.uk/people/policy-fellows/
 
Description Meeting with Dft, TfL, GLA re Webtag and THAT model 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting with Dft meeting re Webtag with head of Webtag team Robin Cambery and with other representatives from meeting with DfT, TfL and the GLA on using ITHIM modelling tool and the potential for inclusion of morbidity (in addition to premature deaths) in the DfT Webtag instructions.
We also discussed with Graeme Fairnie from TfL how to use the THAT model we developed. This is now being used to inform decision making at TfL.

A short report on the potential impact of inclusion of changes in morbidity from physical activity was sent to the DfT. THAT model is now being used to inform decision making at TfL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Meeting with Dr Claire Craig, Deputy Head, Government Office for Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with Dr. Craig (facilitated via C-SaP, Centre for Science and Policy) which included dissemination of Changing Commutes project and progress.

Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Meeting with Jessica Matthew: Deputy Director, Road User Licensing, Insurance and Safety, Department for Transport 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussed with Jessica (Deputy Director, Road User Licensing, Insurance and Safety, Department for Transport) her questions on road traffic injury risk and danger

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.csap.cam.ac.uk/network/jessica-matthew/
 
Description Meeting with Philip Rutnam, Permanent Secretary, Department for Transport 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting with Philip Rutnam who is a Policy Leaders Fellow at the Centre for Science and Policy.

Was provided with contacts in the Department for Transport around modelling using WebTag. These have been followed up and information has been shared around inclusion of morbidity in addition to mortality in assessment of physical activity benefits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Meeting with Tunbridge Wells Cycling Officers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting to promote the use of the NPCT in Tunbridge Wells and to test the local accuracy of the results and to plan for a report including visualisations of streets with new cycling infrastructure and place making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Modelling Cycling: Health, culture and complexity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk for Modelling World 2014

Have discussed with representatives for Landor who organised the conference plans for future conferences focussing on active travel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Modelling Social Energy Practices, University of Surrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Modelling Social Energy Practices, University of Surrey Guildford Oral presentation "Presentation of Changing Commutes" James Woodcock, Ali Abbas

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Online news articles on Propensity to Cycle Tool 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Article "Transport model offers a vision of future cycling routes" on the Propensity to Cycle Tool published in Transport Extra https://www.transportxtra.com/publications/local-tranpsort-today/news/48750/transport-model-offers-a-vision-of-future-cycling-routes and Get Britain Cycling http://getbritaincycling.net/tool-maps-future-shape-of-commuter-cycling/. Includes very positive quote by Shane Snow, who heads the policy team for improving the inclusivity of transport and the ease of travel across all transport modes at the Department for Transport.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.transportxtra.com/publications/local-tranpsort-today/news/48750/transport-model-offers-a...
 
Description PCT - As Easy as Riding a bike blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog post on "As Easy as Riding a bike" blog - "Propensity to Cycle, and the importance of main roads" https://aseasyasridingabike.wordpress.com/2016/05/26/propensity-to-cycle-and-the-importance-of-main-roads/ High level of online engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://aseasyasridingabike.wordpress.com/2016/05/26/propensity-to-cycle-and-the-importance-of-main-...
 
Description Press release -Some is good, more is better - UCL Diabetologia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact UCL Press Release ""Some is good, more is better": Regular exercise can cut your diabetes risk" and Diabetologia Press Release "New studies reveal the importance of both the amount and timing of physical activity on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes" on paper "Physical activity and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies" by Andrea Smith et al PubMed:27747395. Blogged and tweeted by Unit, and Unit authors had input into UCL press release as Andrea was based at Unit when most of the analysis was undertaken. 42 news reports in print and online news media, including the Sun https://www.thesun.co.uk/living/1996839/adults-could-slash-diabetes-risk-by-a-quarter-by-doing-just-20-minutes-a-day-of-exercise-say-scientists/, Telegraph, Daily Mail, Express and ABC News. Also reportd in 25 specialist health news outlets, including Medical News Today http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313517.php and ScienceDaily. High level of interist on Twitter, with over 100 tweets reported by Altmetric in first 12 hours following publication https://www.altmetric.com/details/12678096, rising to 329 by 288 users by 26/10/2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313517.php
 
Description Propensity to Cycle tool promotional video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Organized video shoot in London by Cambridge FilmWorks on 23 May for Propensity to Cycle tool promotional video, with follow-up recording in Cambridge on 6 June. Unit researchers and comms team were heavily involved in drafting the script and planning the filming, and were interviewed in the video. Also provided comment during the editing process. Video https://youtu.be/58UaVb8ZCrc used on PCT website http://pct.bike/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://youtu.be/58UaVb8ZCrc
 
Description Propensity to Cycle tool promotional video 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Organized video shoot in London by Cambridge FilmWorks on 23 May for Propensity to Cycle tool promotional video, with follow-up recording in Cambridge on 6 June. Unit researchers and comms team were heavily involved in drafting the script and planning the filming, and were interviewed in the video. Also provided comment during the editing process. Video https://youtu.be/58UaVb8ZCrc used on PCT website http://pct.bike/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://youtu.be/58UaVb8ZCrc
 
Description Public Health at Cambridge CSaP presentation on modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of public health modelling issues, uncertainties and trade-offs to mixture of academic and practitioner audience at Cambridge

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Radio interview for BBC Redio Persian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio interview for BBC Redio Persian
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.com/persian/science/2016/05/160505_l93_pollurion_exercise
 
Description Smithsonian - Outdoor exercise and pollution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Smithsonian.com article "Even in the Most Polluted Cities, You Can Exercise Outdoors (A Little)" http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/you-can-exercise-outdoors-even-most-polluted-cities-science-says-180959296/?no-ist Refers to PubMed:27156248
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/you-can-exercise-outdoors-even-most-polluted-cities-sci...
 
Description The Star Malaysia article - MRT expected to reduce fatalities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News article on paper: The carbon savings and health co-benefits from the introduction of mass rapid transit system in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Kwan SC, Tainio M, Woodcock J, Sutan R, Hashim JH, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2017/06/17/mrt-expected-to-reduce-fatalities-in-road-accident...
 
Description The Times, Lovelace and Woodcock 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Coverage in The Times: www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/public/cyclesafety/article4237832.ece, http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/public/cyclesafety/article4238059.ece;


Mentions in speeches in Parliament debate speeches by Ian Austin, Ben Bradshaw and Julian Huppert: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm141016/debtext/141016-0002.htm#14101661000001
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://robinlovelace.net/publications/health-benefits-cycling-uptake.pdf
 
Description Transport and health stakeholder meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker in Transport and health stakeholder meeting, organized by Helsinki Region Transport authority. Autumn 2016 in Helsinki, Finland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Why has modelling often marginalised cycling? Talk by Rachel Aldred to Modelling World 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact TBA.

To be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://landor.co.uk/modellingworld/2014/Conference/programme.php
 
Description meeting with Jonathan Ireland Deputy Director DECC Scottish Govt 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting with Jonathan Ireland on climate change mitigation and health and behaviour change
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.csap.cam.ac.uk/people/policy-fellows/