Developing methodology for designing and evaluating theory-based complex interventions: an ontology for linking behaviour change techniques to theory

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Clinical Health and Educational Psych

Abstract

Behaviours (such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, being sedentary and eating unhealthy foods) result in serious illness and early death. Efforts to change such behaviours are a priority in most health systems. Interventions have been developed that can help support changes in these behaviours. However, these interventions are made up of many components and we often do not know which components are responsible for bringing about change nor how this change, which is often quite limited, occurs. This restricts our ability to learn from our research to inform the development of more effective interventions. There is a gap between our empirical knowledge of which techniques work and our understanding of why they work. At the present time our understanding of the mechanisms is derived from various theories which are not linked systematically either to the interventions or the mechanisms - there are many techniques and many theories - but how they link together is far from clear. The aim of this project is to establish precisely the links between behaviour change techniques and their mechanisms of action. These links provide the basis for a framework that can be updated over time and which will permit the development of more advanced intervention design and evaluation, thus speeding up the process of building our knowledge about 'what works'.

At present, individual experts make judgments about links between behaviour change techniques and theoretical mechanisms, without a systematic, shared or agreed method of doing so. We therefore plan to work with a large number of international experts from many disciplines to develop a method for reaching a consensus on articulating the theoretical links between techniques and mechanisms. We will also examine the literature to investigate how behaviour change techniques have been linked with theory in published studies of behaviour change interventions. Experts will consider the combined findings of the consensus and literature-based studies to produce a large matrix of links between behaviour change techniques and theoretical mechanisms (a behaviour change 'ontology'). We will disseminate our findings so that they are reported and discussed widely and scrutinised by the international scientific community.

We will provide web-based resources and give workshops to introduce this new tool, the behaviour change (BC) ontology. We believe this work will provide a more robust method for researchers to use in developing soundly based interventions and in interpreting the findings of interventions designed by other researchers, resulting in more effective interventions and health benefits.

Technical Summary

Despite the recommendations that complex interventions to change behaviour should be informed by theory, there is a lack of guidance as to how to do this. We need a reliable, transparent method to link behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to theoretical mechanisms (operationalised as 'constructs' or 'domains'). This linkage ('ontology') will enable researchers to apply a systematic, shared method for (i) Intervention design: selecting BCTs on the basis of their judged mechanism/s of action, (ii) Evidence synthesis: aggregating interventions by BCT and/or hypothesised mechanism and (iii) Understanding mechanisms of action in order to both optimise interventions and develop theory. Such a behaviour change (BC) ontology requires the development of a method to produce it.

This project aims to:
1. develop a systematic and replicable method for generating a BC ontology of reliably identified links between BCTs and theory (operationalised as theoretical domains and component constructs) (Studies 1-4).
2. produce a web resource and manual including guidance on how to use the ontology in intervention design and evaluation, and evidence synthesis, illustrated with examples from effective interventions (Activity 1).
3. maximise the engagement of the international scientific community in the use and future development of the BC ontology (Activity 2).

Planned Impact

Our preliminary consensus method for linking BCTs and theoretical domains (Michie et al, 2008) has proved popular with intervention designers wishing to draw on behaviour change theory to inform interventions, an obvious group of users for the proposed methodology and methodological tools we seek to develop. For example, an intervention designer will be able to select from identified groups of BCTs that are theoretically proposed to work together, using full information about the strengths of these links and possible sources of weakness. This research will give intervention designers useable tools to consider what mechanisms of action are likely to be most relevant for their situation and, therefore, which BCTs are likely to be most effective.

Systematic reviewers will be able to link BCTs identified in intervention descriptions to the most plausible theories and evaluate empirical support for theoretical constructs/domains as a basis for designing effective future interventions. Creating a BC ontology will allow clearer thinking and a more systematic method, leading to the more rapid development of effective interventions. It will also provide computer scientists and those in behavioural informatics a tool for interrogating the published literature and 'Big Data' to efficiently build an evidence base of which BCTs have what effects with what mechanisms of action. Three research groups in the US have been in touch with SM asking about plan to produce a BC ontology that they could use for this purpose.

More effective interventions will benefit the health of the general population. They will additionally aid patients in achieving a wide variety of behaviours to help them manage their condition and symptoms. Finally, they will improve health care and the delivery of public health by increasing the extent to which practitioners follow evidence-based guidance and by strengthening evidence-based health policy.

Publications

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Carey RN (2018) Behavior Change Techniques and Their Mechanisms of Action: A Synthesis of Links Described in Published Intervention Literature. in Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine

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Connell LE (2018) Links Between Behavior Change Techniques and Mechanisms of Action: An Expert Consensus Study. in Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine

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Groarke HNK (2017) Atlas of Science

 
Description CBC Behaviour Change Clinics
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Four 'clinics' co-hosted with UCL Public Policy providing forum for practitioners and policymakers to meet with academic researchers to discuss behaviour change projects and explore opportunities for further working collaborations. Clinics have led to follow-up consultancy work that is currently on-going.
 
Description SM is the Senior Scientific Advisor of the UK Society of Behavioural Medicine (UKSBM)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description UCL Centre for Behaviour Change International Summer School
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The summer course is a five-day course which provides training to researchers, practitioners, intervention designers, managers and policy makers on the principles of behaviour change and how these can be applied to a variety of practical problems - from supporting change among patients and health professionals, to planning and supporting change in organisations and communities. It provided attendees with (i) a greater understanding of the possibilities for applying behaviour change interventions to their own situations and (ii) a practical framework for developing, implementing and evaluating these interventions in their area of interest.
 
Title BCTTv1 Interventions Database 
Description This database contains a searchable list of published papers (interventions and reviews) in which BCTs have been identified using BCTTv1. Papers can be filtered by author, year, target behaviour and/or BCT(s). The database will be regularly updated - new papers will be added periodically, and users will be able to add papers that are not already in the database by using the 'Add new citation' option. There are currently 52 papers in the database. These papers were identified for the purpose of the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project (http://www.ucl.ac.uk/behaviour-change-techniques), by searching online databases and sending out requests through professional and academic society mailing lists. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This is designed to be an interactive resource for use among the international research community. 
URL http://www.bct-taxonomy.com/interventions
 
Description Bupa and UCL's Centre for Behaviour Change 
Organisation BUPA
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Susan Michie is the UCL lead of the partnership between Bupa and the Centre for Behaviour Change at University College London (UCL) to bring behavioural science expertise and research and evaluation skills to Bupa's activities. The partenership is called the Global Institute for Digital Health Excellence (GLIDHE). The project's digital initiatives will provide us with unprecedented scale and scope, not only to improve people's health, but to learn what works and continually improve what we are offering.
Collaborator Contribution Bupa has funded PhD and MSc students to carry out research that will have lasting and scientifically 'proven' results. Bupa's global health expertise combined with UCL's research capabilities will form solutions to the growing pressures on healthcare systems globally. Their contribution will allow the development of scalable tools that are proven to genuinely help people to adopt healthier habits and reduce their risk of chronic disease in the future.
Impact Multidisciplinary collaboration between researchers at UCL and healthcare practitioners and corporate staff at BUPA.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Science of Behaviour Change Project 
Organisation National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Led a webinar as part of the Grand Rounds series; Led the submission of a roundtable for the European Health Psychology Society Conference (2017), focusing on building a link between the Science of Behavior Change Project and the Human Behaviour Change Project.
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact Webinar as part of the Grand Rounds series.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Alex Rothman presented at International Congress of Behavioural Medicine 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation was titled "Forging "Healthier" Connections between Theory and Interventions to Promote Healthy Behavior: Understanding What Works When and Why"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Applying Theory and Techniques from Behaviour Change Science to Breastfeeding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Rachel Carey presented on "Applying Theory and Techniques from Behaviour Change Science to Breastfeeding" at Ulster University Belfast
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Artificial Intelligence meets behavioural science: The Human Behaviour Change Project - SM invited talk at University of Warwick Business School 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Susan Michie - Artificial Intelligence meets behavioural science: The Human Behaviour Change Project invited talk at University of Warwick Business School.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Artificial Intelligence meets behavioural science: The Human Behaviour Change Project, Susan Michie Keynote - Informatics and Health, Manchester, UK 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact SM Keynote on "Artificial Intelligence meets behavioural science: The Human Behaviour Change Project" at Informatics and Health, Manchester, UK 2017. Plans made for future related activity and requests for further information made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Behaviour Change Taxonomies (and Ontologies) - Susan Michie - International Behavioural Trials Network 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Susan Michie invited talk at the International Behavioural Trials Network 3rd Annual Conference, Montpelier, France on "Behaviour Change Taxonomies (and Ontologies)". Plans were made for future related activity and requests for further information were received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Behaviour Change: Making a Difference - keynote speech by Prof Marie Johnston at the Innovations in Health Psychology Conference (NUI Galway) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prof Marie Johnston discussed the Theories and Techniques project in a keynote speech at the Innovations in Health Psychology Conference at the National University of Ireland Galway, sparking interesting discussion and questions.

Engagement with network of Health Psychology academics and practitioners and dissemination of findings to international audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.conference.ie/content/Prof%20Marie%20Johnston-Behaviour%20Change%20Making%20a%20Differenc...
 
Description Behaviour Change: Theories, Techniques & Applications - Rachel Carey Invited talk at Columbia University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Rachel Carey was invited to give a talk on "Behaviour Change: Theories, Techniques & Applications" at Columbia University, NYC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Behaviour change intervention design and evaluation - SM invited talk - IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, USA 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk about behaviour change intervention design and evaluation at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, USA. Requests about further participation and involvement received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Bringing disciplines together: theories of behaviour change - Lecture by Susan Michie at UCL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion of the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project in lecture by Susan Michie to 3rd year students at UCL on an interdisciplinary course - sparked interest in project.


N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Building the science of behaviour change: organising and integrating the accumulating evidence - keynote by Prof Susan Michie at EHPS 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prof Susan Michie gave a keynote speech to attendees of the European Health Psychology Society Conference in Cyprus, in which the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project was discussed. This disseminated the project to the large number of diverse, international attendees.

Increased interest in, and discussion about, the project, including expressed interest in hearing further information and being kept updated about project progress.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ehps2015.org/programme/
 
Description Building the science of behaviour change: the Human Behaviour-Change Project. - SM Keynote - Psychological Society of Ireland annual conference, Dublin, Ireland 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact SM Keynote about "Building the science of behaviour change: the Human Behaviour-Change Project" at the Psychological Society of Ireland annual conference, Dublin, Ireland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Developing a methodology for identifying links from behaviour change techniques to theoretical mechanisms of action: Presentation by Rachel Carey at UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr. Rachel Carey presented preliminary findings from Study 1 of the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project at the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting. The talk was well attended and led to an interesting Q&A session.

Researchers approached us following the presentation to discuss the project in more detail and discuss potential future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.uksbm.org.uk/newcastle-2015/
 
Description Developing theory-based interventions: which behaviour-change approach should I use? Keynote by Susan Michie at Danish Centre for Intervention Research annual conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Discussion on Theories and Techniques Project by Mike Kelly & Karina Davidson at EHPS, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professors Mike Kelly and Karina Davidson led a 30-minute discussion on the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project as part of a symposium at the European Health Psychology / BPS Division of Health Psychology Society annual conference in Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Effecting behaviour change: What does the science tell us?- Susan Michie Keynote, British Society of Periodontology annual conference, London 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Susan Michie Keynote at the British Society of Periodontology annual conference, London 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description From theory-inspired to theory-based interventions: Poster presentation at Division of Health Psychology Conference 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presented at the Division of Health Psychology annual conference in London, 2015. Interest generated in project including follow-up emails and requests for information.

Increased engagement in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Grand Round - Science of Behaviour Change Project (Columbia University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie and Dr Rachel Carey gave a webinar, hosted by Columbia University, on the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project as part of the Science of Behaviour Change Grand Round scheme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Health Psychology Research Group Seminar: Introducing the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Approximately 15 people attended a 1-hour presentation in which the 'Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project' was introduced. The presentation was followed by a Q&A / discussion in which thoughts and ideas in relation to the project were shared.

The discussion that followed the presentation generated a number of useful ideas and facilitated project progress. As part of the presentation, the process of collating papers for evidence synthesis (Study 1) was outlined. One researcher who attended the presentation offered to share a number of relevant papers (via Dropbox), which was extremely useful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/health-psychology/seminars
 
Description Hochbaum Lecture, University of North Carolina 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Faculty and doctoral students of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, attended a lecture by Susan Michie on Building the Science of Behaviour Change, involving discussion of the Theories and Techniques Project.

Generated interest in the project in the USA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Increasing research efficiency and evidence synthesis to understand behaviour change interventions in context - Susan Michie - UCL Social Science Research Unit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Susan Michie presented a talk on "Increasing research efficiency and evidence synthesis to understand behaviour change interventions in context" to the Social Science Research Unit at UCL's Institute of Education
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description International webinar led by Susan Michie on Reducing Waste in Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie led an international webinar, attended by approx. 60 people, on 'reducing waste in research: use of taxonomies and frameworks of behaviour change'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Introduction to the Theories and Techniques Project delivered to the FRIENZ research team from New Zealand 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The Theories and Techniques Project was introduced to four members of the FRIENZ study team from New Zealand, who engaged with questions and discussion.

Theories and Techniques business cards were given out and the FRIENZ team were encouraged to get in touch with questions or follow up with expert judge participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote by Marijn de Bruin at 12th Annual Psychology, Health & Medicine Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Keynote speech by Prof Marijn de Bruin included dissemination of the Theories and Techniques Project, to an audience of around 120 people. The audience of 120 included (besides academics and student) Dr Carolyn Harper, director of public health, public health agency, Northern Ireland.

N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.kc-jones.co.uk/phm2015
 
Description Linking Behaviour Change Techniques with Theory - presentation by Prof Marie Johnston at EHPS 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prof Marie Johnston presented findings from Study 1 of the Theories and Techniques project in a symposium at the European Health Psychology Society Conference in Cyprus. This led to an interesting discussion of the project and its aims. The audience included health professionals, academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students and others.

There was a high level of engagement in the presentation and the project, including requests for further information. The questions and discussion helped to shape our thinking about some future aspects of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ehps2015.org/programme/
 
Description MJ - Poster presentation at 2017 Annual Meeting - American Psychosomatic Society, Seville 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Marie Johnston presented a poster outlining the updated findings of the project to attendees at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description MJ Keynote - Using Behaviour Change Theory and Techniques in Implementation Research - Society for Implementation Research Collaboration 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Marie Johnston keynote on Using behaviour change theory and techniques in implementation research at the Society for Implementation Research Collaboration 2017 to researchers working on the implementation of behavioural health interventions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Marie Johnston Honeyman - Gillespie Lecture - Edinburgh University Medical School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Marie Johnston gave a lecture - Honeyman - Gillespie Lecture titled "Behaviour change for health: challenges and opportunities" at Edinburgh University Medical School
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Panel discussion on ontologies (SBM 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A panel attending the US Society of Behavioral Medicine Annual Meeting (San Antonio, USA) discussed how ontologies can support better behavioral science. In this panel discussion, Susan Michie discussed and disseminated the Theories and Techniques Project.

Generated interest in project and assisted with recruitment of expert judges.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sbm.org/meetings/2015
 
Description Presentation at the University of Manchester, School of Psychological Sciences: Using theory to design interventions: towards a Behaviour Change Ontology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Approximately 70 people (researchers, practitioners and students) attended a presentation by Susan Michie on the use of theory to design interventions.

Engagement of some attendees in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation by Alex Rothman at EHPS, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Alex Rothman gave a presentation on 'Does expert consensus reflect the literature? Triangulation of results from the Theories and Techniques Project' as part of a symposium on the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project at the European Health Psychology / BPS Division of Health Psychology annual conference in Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation by Marie Johnston at EHPS, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Marie Johnston gave a presentation on 'Links between behaviour change techniques and mechanisms of action: Examining experts' consensus' as part of a symposium on the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project at the European Health Psychology / BPS Division of Health Psychology annual conference in Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation by Rachel Carey at EHPS, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr. Rachel Carey gave a presentation on 'Links between behaviour change techniques and mechanisms of action: Evidence from the published intervention literature' as part of a symposium on the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change at the European Health Psychology Society / BPS Division of Health Psychology's annual conference in Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation by Susan Michie at EHPS, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie gave a presentation on 'The application of theory to designing and evaluating interventions to change behaviour' as part of a symposium on the Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change at the European Health Psychology Society / BPS Division of Health Psychology's annual conference in Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation by Susan Michie at International Behavioral Trials Network - Montreal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie presented on the Behaviour Change Taxonomy, including the Theories and Techniques Project, at the nternational Behavioral Trials Network in Montreal. The talk led to requests for further info and ideas for future papers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation by Susan Michie at the Society for Behavioral Medicine Conference, Washington (2016). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie gave a presentation on the project entitled 'A methodology for linking behaviour change techniques to mechanisms of action' at the Society for Behavioral Medicine's annual conference in Washington.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation on Theories of Behaviour Change at the Public Health Training Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Presentation on Theories of Behaviour Change introduced the 'Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project', and was followed by a question and answer session which sparked interesting discussion.

The presentation was well received and allowed for this project to be disseminated to this cohort of public health trainees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation to the Health Behaviour Change Research Group at NUI Galway 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Approximately 25 people attended a 1-hour seminar in which the 'Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project' was introduced. There was interaction throughout and a Question and Answers session afterwards, in which thoughts and feedback in relation to the project were shared.

The discussion that followed the presentation included suggestions about future collaborations and ways in which the HBCRG at NUI Galway could help out, including recruitment of experts for our Expert Consensus study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.nuigalway.ie/psychology/hbcg_news.html
 
Description Professor Susan Michie presented as part of a webinar on Reducing Waste in Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie presented as part of an international webinar on Reducing Waste in Research: Use of Taxonomies and Frameworks of Behaviour Change. Talk led to interesting discussion and increased interest in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Professor Susan Michie presented at SBM 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Susan Michie presented the project, in a talk entitled 'A methodology for linking behaviour change techniques to mechanisms of action' at the Society for Behavioral Medicine Conference. The talk led to interesting discussions and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SBM 2015 Conference: Symposium presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delegates of the US Society of Behavioral Medicine Annual Meeting (San Antonio, USA) attended a presentation by Susan Michie on the development of a method to integrate constructs across 83 theories of behaviour change, involving discussion on, and dissemination of, the Theories and Techniques Project.


Generated interest in project and assisted with recruitment of expert judges.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sbm.org/meetings/2015
 
Description SM EHPS 2017 - Behaviour Change: Investigating mechanisms of action 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Michie S. and Carey R. Behaviour Change: Investigating mechanisms of action. European Health Psychology Society annual conference, Padova, Italy, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SM Invited talk (Evidence-based Practice Center at the University of North Carolina, USA and Cochrane Austria) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Susan Michie was invited to talk T Evidence-based Practice Center, University of North Carolina, USA and Cochrane Austria on "Behaviour Change Techniques and Theories: How to analyse the content and mechanisms of action of behaviour change interventions in published articles?"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SM Invited talk (IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, USA) 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Susan Michie invited talk at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, USA about "Behaviour change intervention design and evaluation".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SM Invited talk (Utrecht University Medical Centre, Netherlands) 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Susan Michie was invited to talk at the Utrecht University Medical Centre, Netherlands on "The Mebius Kramer lecture: Changing behaviour: Tools for thought and practice".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk by Lauren Connell at the Weight Control and Diabetes Center 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk titled "Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine Fellows: Research Overviews" at the Weight Control and Diabetes Center at the Miriam Hospital and Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2017
 
Description The Human Behaviour Change Project: harnessing computer science to advance behavioural science - Susan Michie EHPS 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk by Susan Michie titled "The Human Behaviour Change Project: harnessing computer science to advance behavioural science" at the EHPS 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Mebius Kramer lecture: Changing behaviour: Tools for thought and practice - SM invited talk at Utrecht University Medical Centre, Netherlands 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Mebius Kramer lecture: Changing behaviour: Tools for thought and practice - SM invited talk at the Utrecht University Medical Centre, Netherlands 2017. Plans made for future related activity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Theories and Techniques of Behaviour Change Project: Introduction and Update at seminar with Prof Bill Klein and 2 UCL research groups 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact An update on progress of the Theories and Techniques Project was delivered to Professor Bill Klein, who was visiting from NIH in the US and who is a member of the project's international advisory board. Also in attendance were UCL's Health Psychology Research Group and Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group. Attendees engaged with questions and discussion.

Discussed the project with Professor Klein and members of the two research groups afterwards, received interesting and useful feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/health-psychology/seminars
 
Description UKSBM 2017 - Advancing our understanding of the mechanisms of action of behaviour change interventions: development of a sub-ontology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Wright AJ, Carey R, Connell L, Lefevre C, West R, Michie S. Advancing our understanding of the mechanisms of action of behaviour change interventions: development of a sub-ontology, UK Society for Behaviour Medicine 13th Annual Scientific Meeting, Liverpool, UK, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2017
 
Description What do theories tell us about how behaviour change? - presentation by Rachel Carey at EHPS 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dr Rachel Carey presented to a large international audience at the European Health Psychology Society Conference in Cyprus. The audience included academics, professionals and others and led to engagement and interesting discussion relating to the project.

There was a high level of engagement with the project among international attendees, including questions and discussion, and noted interest in keeping in touch with the project's progress and possible collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ehps2015.org/programme/