Alcohol Harms: The relationship between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular risk - A life-course perspective

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Epidemiology and Public Health

Abstract

It is important to examine how lifestyle behaviours, such as drinking alcohol, are related to our health. It has been widely cited that moderate alcohol consumption is good for the heart - but is this really true? The majority of scientific studies on the topic of drinking and cardiovascular health have only recorded the drinking habits of people at one point in time and assumed that they do not change. This assumption is unlikely to be true. People change the way they drink throughout life and not everyone follows the same pattern of drinking as they age. Some people may drink heavily earlier in life before becoming moderate consumers, while others may increase their alcohol intake over time, and of course, some people may not drink alcohol at all.

Those that do not drink alcohol are a particularly important group to study, as pooled findings from many studies show that those who abstain from alcohol have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. But as mentioned previously, these studies are based on what people report drinking at that point in time; they ignore an entire history of possible alcohol intake before then. As people become unwell they may choose to quit drinking or substantially reduce how much they drink. This means that the group of non-drinkers shown to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease could actually be made up of people who have never drunk alcohol at all, as well as those who used to drink but quit due to ill health. Therefore, we may falsely think alcohol consumption is beneficial for us because healthy moderate drinkers are compared to non-drinkers who may already be ill. Some people may choose to drink alcohol under the belief that it is good for them, but if the current evidence is wrong, then they may actually, unknowingly, be putting themselves at risk.

It is also important that we examine the drinking history of those who continue to drink throughout their life too. It may be that there are specific time points in life that drinking is more harmful. If we are able to identify such sensitive periods of the life-course we will be in a better position to take action to ensure that a) those at high risk based on their drinking history are closely monitored (our findings may be used to improve prediction models), and b) strategies are developed to make people aware of this, so that they are able to make informed choices about their drinking habits.

The proposed project will use existing data on thousands of people, of different ages, followed up over time to explore these exact issues. How is drinking across the life-course related to developing cardiovascular disease? Is there evidence that moderate drinking is good for the heart when compared to a group of healthy non-drinkers? Are there specific points in life when drinking is most harmful to us?

We will use innovative statistical methods to factor in the complex relationship between changes in alcohol consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, as well as explore how alcohol consumption affects biological markers of cardiovascular disease (such as blood pressure and cholesterol) in order to better understand the pathways through which drinking increases or reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. We will document best practices so that these methods may then be used by others to explore how life-time drinking is associated with different health outcomes.

Ultimately, it is hoped that the findings from this work will contribute to a reduction in the number of people who go on to develop or die from cardiovascular diseases by improving our understanding of specific periods of the life-course where prevention strategies may be most useful and developing more sophisticated means of assessing those at high risk.

Technical Summary

The relationship between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex and controversial. Meta-analyses suggest that those who consume alcohol in moderation have a lower risk of developing CVD than heavy drinkers and those who abstain. However, the majority of studies measure alcohol at only one point in time and therefore fail to take into account variation in drinking over time. This approach means that important transitions, such as from heavy drinking to abstinence or low-drinking are not captured. This particular change has been put forward as a potential explanation for the apparent U/J-shaped relationship between alcohol and CVD, as it may be that that those classified as non-drinkers are actually former heavy drinkers who quit due to ill-health (referred to as "sick-quitters"). Recently efforts have been made to quantify the extent to which changes in alcohol consumption are related to CVD, however, these studies have typically relied on crude conceptualisations of life-course consumption and have also failed to explicitly link changes in alcohol intake to changes in the hazard of an event occurring over time. Jointly examining the relationship between longitudinal typologies of drinking and CVD will improve our understanding of the association between changes in alcohol consumption over time with respect to developing CVD. In doing so, our findings can be used to develop dynamic predictive tools accounting for repeat measures of alcohol consumption across the life-course and thus provide individualised/age-specific drinking guidelines.

We will use our existing infrastructure of 9 UK cohorts (sample size 59,397 with 163,710 alcohol observations) with harmonised alcohol measures, and with linkages to external outcome databases (mortality, GP, hospital records), to explicitly examine the role of alcohol consumption in the development of CVD using a life-course perspective. We will also add more cohorts with lifetime alcohol data.

Planned Impact

The UK government has appointed Dame Sally Davies, the Chief Medical Officer for England, to lead a review of the current drinking guidelines. This is the first major review of alcohol policy guidelines in over 15 years. We believe the work we are proposing will provide evidence to inform this on-going debate. In particular, our proposed research with a life-course perspective would tackle the call to tailor messages to key groups, such as the elderly.

Our work will also indirectly benefit economists and policy makers dealing with the topic of minimum unit alcohol pricing. Our estimates could be used to refine the Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model (SAPM) to account for the dynamic relationship between alcohol intake and harm. Given how influential the SAPM is to on-going debates on minimum unit pricing, combined with the net health benefits that minimum pricing policy has been projected to have, this would be a pathway through which our work would substantially impact public health.

This, coupled with providing evidence that can potentially be used in the on-going review of current drinking guidelines in the UK, clearly demonstrates that our proposed project is wide-reaching - benefitting a range of stakeholders by improving the evidence base available for decision makers in the government to eventually enhancing the health and wellbeing of the general public. The intrinsic capacity building for staff working on this project will also benefit the wider academic community. The CoI is an early career researcher and this project will provide him with experience of managing staff and delivering on research council funded projects. Both skills are necessary for a successful academic career. Furthermore, the dedicated Research Associate employed on this grant will learn several advanced longitudinal methods which he/she will be able to apply in other research domains.

In summary, the work we are proposing comes at a time when it is realistically able to contribute towards evidence based policy in the immediate future. In doing so it is likely to both improve the public awareness and understanding of the role of alcohol consumption in health related harm (specifically CVD) as well as possibly influencing policy (e.g. minimum unit pricing) and clinical practice (e.g. by changing the drinking advice given to individuals at different ages). It will also help to develop skills that are essential to progressing to be an independent researcher in early career researchers.

Publications

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Bell S (2015) The Role of Alcohol Consumption in Regulating Circulating Levels of Adiponectin: A Prospective Cohort Study. in The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism

 
Guideline Title The public health burden of alcohol and the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of alcohol control policies: an evidence review Cited by UK Government (GOV.UK) on 02 Dec 2016
Description Citations of : Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-analysis of More Than 1.9 Million Individuals From 38 Observational Studies.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in clinical guidelines
Impact Public Health Departments in the UK can use this document to plan interventions for the general public.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-public-health-burden-of-alcohol-evidence-review
 
Description Expert advisory committee. Public Health England. Evidence on Alcohol Policies. London. 22nd February 2016.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Scottish Minimum Unit Price Consumption and Health Harm Evaluation Advisory Group meeting.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Title Alcohol Lifecourse Data respository 
Description Nine cohort studies were harmonised on alcohol intake 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact At least two papers have used harmonised data from this dataset. A PhD student is currently exploring its use 
 
Description British Regional Heart Study 
Organisation University College London
Department Faculty of Population Health Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are sharing alcohol consumption data and CVD outcomes collected by the BRHS team and will co-write papers with them
Collaborator Contribution BRHS Team have sent us their data and we have harmonised the alcohol measures into our consortium
Impact Forthcoming
Start Year 2015
 
Description Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research - University of Victoria 
Organisation Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research
PI Contribution I visited the team at the University of Victoria and gave a presentation on my research funded by MRC. We have now put in joint grant application and are writing a paper together.
Collaborator Contribution We have worked together on a joint grant application and are writing a paper together
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description EPIC-Norfolk 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are sharing alcohol consumption data and CVD outcomes
Collaborator Contribution EPIC-Norfolk team has sent us their data and we have harmonised the alcohol variables with out consortium
Impact Several publications in progress
Start Year 2015
 
Description GAZEL 
Organisation National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are sharing alcohol consumption data and CVD outcomes with the Gazel team
Collaborator Contribution Gazel team has sent us their data and we have harmonised it with our repository of datasets
Impact Forthcoming
Start Year 2015
 
Description National Study of Health and Development 
Organisation University College London
Department MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Harmonising data and writing papers
Collaborator Contribution Sharing data and commenting on papers
Impact Several publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description School of Health Sciences, Massey University, New Zealand 
Organisation Massey University
Department School of Public Health
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I hosted a research visit for Dr Andy Towers whilst he was in the UK. Together we wrote a grant application to ESRC GCRF, submitted in Jan 2018
Collaborator Contribution Dr Andy Towers co-wrote a grant application. We have also co-authored several papers together
Impact One paper under review. 3 more in preparation. Grant submitted
Start Year 2016
 
Description BBC News Health 'Women's conception rates 'not affected by moderate drinking' Dr Annie Britton response to media enquiry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton interviewed for comment on BBC news health article 'Women's conception rates 'not affected by moderate drinking.' This generated wider interest in the study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-37236707
 
Description "Alcohol across the life course." Greater London Authority. Knowledge Exchange Seminar Thursday 30th June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton 'Alcohol across the life course.' Greater London Authority, Knowledge Exchange Seminar. (London, 30th June 2016). Presentation generated a high level of interest and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "AoL.co.uk: Consistent moderate drinking may cut risk of heart disease, study finds " 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "AoL.co.uk: Consistent moderate drinking may cut risk of heart disease, study finds" Article published generating further interest in the study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.aol.co.uk/living/2018/08/21/consistent-moderate-drinking-may-cut-risk-of-heart-disease-s...
 
Description 'A life time of drinking - what is it good for?, Pint of Science Festival (19th May 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented a talk entitled 'A life time of drinking - what is it good for?' at the Pint of Science Festival (19th May 2015). Steven Bell.
This sparked questions and discussion afterwards and generated a high level of interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Alcohol - does previous drinking matter?' Alcohol Research UK conference, 15th-16th March 2016 Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton ''Alcohol - does previous drinking matter?''. Presentation generated a high level of interest and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://alcoholresearchuk.org/news/alcohol-research-uk-annual-conference-2016/
 
Description 30 years of drinking and risk of fatty liver disease. Kettil Bruun Society conference June 2017 - talk in Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at conference - Annie Britton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.kbs2017sheffield.co.uk/
 
Description 41st Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society (Munich, Germany, 1st-5th June 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Disseminated research results to scientific community and generated a high level of interest.
Britton, A., & Bell, S. (2015). Life course drinking typologies and precursors: evidence from 8 prospective cohort studies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.kbs2015munich.de/welcome.html
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Dr Annie Britton presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton 'Twenty year trajectories of alcohol consumption and atherosclerosis'. Presentation generated a high level of interest and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2016
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Dr Annie Britton presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact conference participant and presentation of research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Dr Darragh O'Neill presenation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Darragh O'Neill 'Twenty five year alcohol typologies and their role in arterial aging: A prospective cohort study.' Presentation generated a high level of interest and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Dr Darragh O'Neill presenation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation of research at conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Dr Steven Bell presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Steven Bell 'Ten year alcohol consumption typologies and trajectories of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist over the following twelve years: a prospective cohort study.' Presentation generated a high level of interest and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Melanie Lacey presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Melanie Lacey 'Alcohol consumption and metabolite markers of coronary heart disease risk.' Presentation generated a high level of interest and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 42nd Kettil Bruun Society Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium. Stockholm 31st May to 3rd June 2016. Melanie Lacey presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation at kettil conference 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Alcohol Research UK future research funding strategy workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Alcohol Research UK workshop. Plans made for
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description American Online News Report: Long-term heavy drinking may age arteries prematurely, AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article relating to publication: Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J. Brunner, Steven Bell. TwentyFiveYear Alcohol Consumption Trajectories and Their Association With Arterial Aging: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2017; 6 (2): e005288
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://news.heart.org/long-term-heavy-drinking-may-age-arteries-prematurely/
 
Description Annie Britton: Oral Presentation: Associations between lifetime hazardous drinking and associations between lifetime hazardous drinking and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health and liver function among older adults: findings from the whitehall II prospective cohort study. L Ng Fat, S Bell, A Britton. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annie Britton: Oral Presentation: Associations between lifetime hazardous drinking and associations between lifetime hazardous drinking and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health and liver function among older adults: findings from the whitehall II prospective cohort study. L Ng Fat, S Bell, A Britton.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society (KBS 2015), Munich, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Disseminated research results to scientific community and generated a high level of interest.
Bell, S., Britton, A. (2015). Association between longitudinal typologies of alcohol consumption and mortality: evidence from eight British prospective cohort studies. 41st Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society (Munich, Germany, 1st-5th June 2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.kbs2015munich.de/welcome.html
 
Description Big News Network.com 'How drinking behaviour changes as we age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bignewsnetwork.com/news/230883517/how-drinking-behaviour-changes-as-we-age
 
Description Biomedcentral.com blog on BMC Medicine paper 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies.' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog on paper published in BMC Medicine. BMC Med. 2015 Mar 6;13:47. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0273-z.
Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://blogs.biomedcentral.com/on-medicine/2015/03/06/alcohol-consumption-increases-as-we-age/
 
Description Blog Network: On alcohol consumption across the life-course and risk of cardiovascular disease: Lessons learned 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog Network: On alcohol consumption across the life-course and risk of cardiovascular disease: Lessons learned
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.biomedcentral.com/on-medicine/2018/08/22/on-alcohol-consumption-across-the-life-course...
 
Description Boots WebMD 'Frequent drinkers more likely to be older men' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.webmd.boots.com/mental-health/news/20150306/frequent-drinkers-older-men
 
Description Bright Surf 'How drinking behavior changes through the years' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/106808/How_drinking_behavior_changes_through_the_years_.htm...
 
Description Bullfax.com 'One chart shows when in their lives people drink the most' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bullfax.com/?q=node-one-chart-shows-when-their-lives-people-drink-most#sthash.drhpqhBk.dp...
 
Description Business Insider Australia article 'One chart shows when in their lives people drink the most' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.businessinsider.com.au/how-much-do-people-drink-when-they-are-young-or-old-2015-3
 
Description Business Insider: A health study looked at 35,000 people over 10 years and concluded moderate drinking is good for you 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Business Insider: A health study looked at 35,000 people over 10 years and concluded moderate drinking is good for you
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.businessinsider.com.au/alcohol-science-heart-moderate-drinking-2018-8
 
Description Cosmopolitan article 'The Peak Age for Alcohol Consumption Isn't What You Think It is' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cosmopolitan.com/food-cocktails/news/a37418/peak-age-alcohol-consumption/
 
Description Daily Mail online article 'How men drink the most when they are in their twenties - but women peak in their forties' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2988895/How-men-weekly-drinks-life-20s-women-peak-40s.html
 
Description DailyNews724.com 'Alcohol intake peaks at age 25, but continues into old age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.dailynews724.com/health/alcohol-intake-peaks-at-age-25-but-continues-into-old-age-h419919...
 
Description DailyNews724.com 'men and women have very different drinking habits study says' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.dailynews724.com/life-style/men-and-women-have-very-different-drinking-habits-study-says-...
 
Description Esquire article 'The Peak Age for Alcohol Consumption Is Older Than You Think' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.esquire.com/food-drink/drinks/a33603/peak-age-alcohol-consumption/
 
Description EurekAlert! 'How drinking behavior changes through the years' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-03/bc-hdb030315.php
 
Description EurekAlert: Moderate drinking associated with lower risk of heart disease but consistency matters. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact EurekAlert: Moderate drinking associated with lower risk of heart disease but consistency matters. Article published generating further interest in the study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/bc-mda082118.php
 
Description Expert Peer Review Group for Public Health England. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-public-health-burden-of-alcohol-evidence-review 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton was invited to join an expert panel reviewing the report written by Public Health England. This generated wider interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/583047/alcohol_public_heal...
 
Description Express.co.uk article 'Men grow out of binge drinking only to become daily boozers in older age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.express.co.uk/life-style/life/562407/Alarm-over-old-boozers-men-over-65-drink-daily
 
Description Fox News 'Men and women have very different drinking habits, study says' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2015/03/11/men-and-women-have-very-different-drinking-habits-medical-...
 
Description Hong Kong Herald 'How drinking behaviour changes as we age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.hongkongherald.com/index.php/sid/230883517
 
Description ITV.com Consistent moderate drinking may cut risk of heart disease, study finds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ITV.com Consistent moderate drinking may cut risk of heart disease, study finds. Article published generating further interest in the study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.itv.com/news/2018-08-22/consistent-moderate-drinking-may-cut-risk-of-heart-disease-study...
 
Description Inquiry into the relationship between alcohol and employment in the over 50s population in the UK. House of Lords , 6th May 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A series of presentations followed by debate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interviewed for article in New Scientist. "Here's to your health" December 2016 New Scientist, Volume 232, Issue 3102, Pages 33-37. Dr Annie Britton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton interviewed for comment on New Scientist article 'Here's to your health.' This generated wider interest in the study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0262407916322357
 
Description Irish Press (and online) Heart Disease number one cause of death in Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact press relating to paper: Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J. Brunner, Steven Bell. TwentyFiveYear Alcohol Consumption Trajectories and Their Association With Arterial Aging: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2017; 6 (2): e005288 DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.005288
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/heart-disease-number-one-cause-of-death-in-cork-443486.html
 
Description Israel Online News Report: New Risk Found for Men Who Drink Heavily: Arterial Stiffness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact report relating to paper: Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J. Brunner, Steven Bell. TwentyFiveYear Alcohol Consumption Trajectories and Their Association With Arterial Aging: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2017; 6 (2): e005288 DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.005288
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.haaretz.com/science-and-health/.premium-1.772809
 
Description Lay summary of research provided for the Institute of Alcohol Studies. To be published in April 2015 newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A lay summary of our research was provided for publication in the Institute of Alcohol Studies April 2015 newsletter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description MRC Research Governance Forum (27/09/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact panel member - aida sanchez on behalf of the research group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.mrc.ac.uk/documents/pdf/2017-06-27-email-update/
 
Description MSN.com 'Here's The Real Difference Between How Much Men & Women Drink' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.msn.com/en-us/foodanddrink/foodnews/heres-the-real-difference-between-how-much-men-and-wo...
 
Description MSN.com: Consistent moderate drinking may cut risk of heart disease, study finds. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact MSN.com: Consistent moderate drinking may cut risk of heart disease, study finds.Article published generating further interest in the study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.msn.com/en-gb/health/familyhealth/consistent-moderate-drinking-may-cut-risk-of-heart-dis...
 
Description Mail On Sunday article 'How men drink the most when they are in their twenties - but women peak in their forties' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/news/article-2988895/How-men-weekly-drinks-life-20s-women-peak-40s.htm...
 
Description Medical Daily 'Quarter-Life Crisis Sobriety: Alcohol Consumption Peaks At 25 Before Declining For Life' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.medicaldaily.com/quarter-life-crisis-sobriety-alcohol-consumption-peaks-25-declining-life...
 
Description Medical News Today 'Middle-aged, older adults more likely to engage in frequent drinking, study finds' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/290363.php
 
Description Medical Xpress 'How drinking behavior changes through the years' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-03-behavior-years.html
 
Description NHS Choices 'How alcohol intake can change over a lifetime ' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.nhs.uk/news/2015/03March/Pages/How-alcohol-intake-can-change-over-a-lifetime.aspx
 
Description National Geographic article "How Much Wine Is Really in Your Glass?" Published 23rd June 2016. Dr Annnie Britton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton interviewed for National Geographic article on alcohol consumption. This generated interest in the study and increased recognition of findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nationalgeographic.com/people-and-culture/food/the-plate/2016/06/how-much-wine-is-in-your...
 
Description NewsTimes.com (AP) 'One chart shows when in their lives people drink the most' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.newstimes.com/technology/businessinsider/article/One-chart-shows-when-in-their-lives-peop...
 
Description Philippa Case: Society for the Study of Addiction Poster presentation: Are quality and quantity of social support associated with harmful alcohol consumption? Findings from the Whitehall II study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation at Society for the Study of Addiction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presented research at the Institute of Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented research at the Institute of Education and discussed outcomes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Quoted in the Independent 11th May 2016 in response to a media enquiry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton interviewed for opinion on a metareview of 150 studies conducted by the Mediterranean Neurological Institute, Pozzilli, Italy. This resulted in interest in alcohol lifecourse study findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/pint-of-beer-a-day-could-pro...
 
Description Research findings reported on NHS.UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research findings reported on NHS news pages. High level of media coverage ensuring study results are available to a wider audience.
BMC Med. 2015 Mar 6;13:47. Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.nhs.uk/news/2015/03March/Pages/How-alcohol-intake-can-change-over-a-lifetime.aspx
 
Description Research visit to Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I gave a talk to a mixed audience whilst on a research visit to the University of Victoria, British Columbia. There was an interesting discussion about the policy implications of my research and how it might affect alcohol guidelines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Responded to media queries regarding the new alcohol guidelines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I responded to media queries regarding the new alcohol guidelines and discussed research findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Science Daily article 'How drinking behavior changes through the years' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/03/150305210003.htm
 
Description ScienceNewsline 'How Drinking Behavior Changes Through the Years' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2015030614480008.html
 
Description Singapore News 'How men have the most weekly drinks of their life in their 20s but women peak in their 40s' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.singaporenews.sg/world/how-men-have-the-most-weekly-drinks-of-their-life-in-their-20s-but...
 
Description Symposium at the International Association of Geriatrics and Gerontology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Data on alcohol and older populations were presented from multiple international studies. The presentations addressed the epidemiology of alcohol consumption. Specifically data were shared on cross national drinking patterns, lifecourse trajectories and risks of chronic disease, exiting the labor market and its impact on risk for problem drinking, binge drinking and angina in low and middle income countries, and demographic, socioeconomic and health factors associated with alcohol consumption.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Telegraph Science 'Drinking a large glass of wine each night damages fertility, study shows.' Dr Annie Britton response to media enquiry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Annie Britton interviewed for comment on Telegraph article 'Drinking a large glass of wine each night damages fertility, study shows.' This generated wider interest in the study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/08/31/drinking-a-large-glass-of-wine-each-night-damages-fert...
 
Description The Huffington Post article 'The Older You Get, The More Often You Drink Alcohol, Study Finds' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/06/frequent-drinking-older-adults-study_n_6816608.html
 
Description The News Daily, Argentina, 'One chart shows when in their lives people drink the most in their lives' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.the-news-daily.com/one-chart-shows-when-in-their-lives-people_408891
 
Description The Times Of India 'How drinking behaviour changes as we age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health-news/How-drinking-behaviour-chan...
 
Description Thisismoney.co.uk article 'How men drink the most when they are in their twenties - but women peak in their forties' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/news/article-2988895/How-men-weekly-drinks-life-20s-women-peak-40s.html
 
Description UK Press (and online) report: How just one pint a day can increase the risk of heart disease by prematurely ageing the arteries DAILY MAIL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact press coverage in relation to: Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J. Brunner, Steven Bell. TwentyFiveYear Alcohol Consumption Trajectories and Their Association With Arterial Aging: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2017; 6 (2): e005288
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4243746/How-just-one-pint-day-increase-risk-heart-disease....
 
Description University of Exeter news story reporting findings of research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Research findings were reported on the University of Exeter News pages. This led to further enquirers regarding the study.
Associations of sitting behaviours with all-cause mortality over a 16-year follow-up: the Whitehall II study.Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;44(6):1909-16.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_476860_en.html
 
Description WebMD.com: Moderate, Consistent Drinking May Help Heart 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact WebMD.com: Moderate, Consistent Drinking May Help Heart. Article published generating further interest in the study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/news/20180822/moderate-consistent-drinking-may-help-he...
 
Description Yahoo! Finance article 'One chart shows when in their lives people drink the most' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://beta.finance.yahoo.com/news/one-chart-shows-lives-people-152333517.html
 
Description Yahoo! News 'Alcohol Intake Peaks at Age 25, But Continues into Old Age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://news.yahoo.com/alcohol-intake-peaks-age-25-continues-old-age-143702481.html
 
Description Yahoo! News Canada 'Alcohol Intake Peaks at Age 25, But Continues into Old Age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://ca.news.yahoo.com/alcohol-intake-peaks-age-25-continues-old-age-143702481.html
 
Description Yahoo! News UK & Ireland 'Alcohol Intake Peaks at Age 25, But Continues into Old Age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://uk.news.yahoo.com/alcohol-intake-peaks-age-25-continues-old-age-143702481.html
 
Description e! Science News 'The ups and downs of drinking through the years' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://esciencenews.com/sources/science.blog/2015/03/09/the.ups.and.downs.drinking.through.years
 
Description eWallstreeter 'Men in UK Tend to Drink More Often With Age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media article on 'Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom using longitudinal data from nine cohort studies' BMC Medicine 2015 13:47. A high level of media coverage ensured that study results were available to a wider audience, including the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ewallstreeter.com/men-in-uk-tend-to-drink-more-often-with-age-3669/
 
Description press- online - Science Daily: Long-term heavy drinking may age arteries over time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article in relation to paper: Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J. Brunner, Steven Bell. TwentyFiveYear Alcohol Consumption Trajectories and Their Association With Arterial Aging: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2017; 6 (2): e005288
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170220190648.htm
 
Description talk on alcohol controversies and policies at the cross government-department workshop on lifestyle choices (22nd June 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact talk on alcohol controversies and policies at the cross government-department workshop on lifestyle choices (22nd June 2017)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017