Newton001 Maternal nutritional status, mental health and childhood health: a prospective cohort study in Rio de Janeiro.

Lead Research Organisation: King's College London
Department Name: Women's Health

Abstract

The improvement of maternal and child health is one of the aims of the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations Development Programme. Maternal mental health and obesity are global issues and risk factors for adverse pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. This partnership will undertake the necessary background work and training to achieve the final goal of developing a protocol for a prospective mother child cohort study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The aim of the cohort is to improve the understanding of the complex relationship between maternal nutrition, mental health in pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes. This objective will be achieved through workshops, web based communication and exchange visits. King's College London (KCL) has many links with Universities in Brazil, facilitated by the KCL Brazil Institute including a college wide co-operation agreement with the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). The proposed collaboration with the KCL Division of Women's Health and UFRJ Nutritional Epidemiology Observatory has developed from a mutual research interest in maternal nutritional status and women and children's health outcomes, with a particular focus on mental health during pregnancy and childhood cognitive development. This potential partnership relates both areas of expertise (maternal and child health and nutrition), and in this way, will contribute to reach the Millennium Development Goals and reduce the global burden of chronic diseases.

Technical Summary

The partnership will undertake the necessary background work and training to achieve the final goal of developing a protocol for a prospective mother child cohort study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil through:
I. WORKSHOPS - W1. Review of the evidence and objectives of the new cohort study. (Setting: UFRJ). The objective is to develop protocols for systematic literature reviews (SLR) in women addressing the following topics: a) the relationship between nutritional biomarkers and mental health during pregnancy; b) the relationship of nutritional and mental health during pregnancy and childhood cognitive development (0-5 years). The evidence synthesised from these SLR will be used to define the scope and objectives of the new prospective cohort study in Rio de Janeiro. W2. Methodology part I. (Setting: KCL). The first goal is to agree the study design and subsequently discuss in depth the up to date methodologies that will be used to address the aims of the study above. W3. Methodology part II. (Setting: KCL). The aim is to decide upon the appropriate methodologies for the assessment of maternal and child nutritional status, maternal mental health, maternal and child physical activity, child development and biomarkers for evaluation. W4. Operationalizing the cohort study. (Setting: UFRJ). The last workshop will focus on practical and governance aspects of the study
II. WEB BASED SYMPOSIA - Four symposia will be hosted after the workshops.
III. RESEARCH TRAINING - Two research training courses will be hosted by KCL to gain expertise and improve capabilities in methodologies used in child and maternal health and nutrition.
IV. COURSE - A 3-day course will take place in Brazil focused on the developmental origins of disease.
V. DATABASE ANALYSIS AND SCIENTIFIC WRITING - The partners will work towards publication of two manuscripts on an existing cohort study.
VI. STUDENT EXCHANGE - Two students from the Brazilian team will be hosted by KCL.

Planned Impact

N/A
 
Description Our aim was to systematically review the evidence of associations between nutritional biomarkers and psychological distress during pregnancy and in the first postnatal year.. Although there was higher variability between association measures, time and scales of depression and anxiety assessments, we showed that the majority of high-quality studies suggest that lower vitamin D levels may be associated with postpartum depression.
Exploitation Route There is substantial interest in vitamin D deficiency at present, as it increasinlgly abundant worldwide. This study adds to the literature suggesting, but not confirming, that vitamin D deficiency contributes to post partum depression. This study would support the development of a new prospective large study to address the relationships between vitmain D status and mental health in the many women who suffer from depression after child birth.
Sectors Healthcare

 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to Canadian DOHaD Society and Canadian Society of Perintal Medicine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture to Society of Endocrinology. Obesjty Update
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Congress for practitioners in the field of health nutrition; found the talk to be very informative and to relate to their local practice in a range of different countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Lecture (BRC KCL/GSTT) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture on research related to biomarkers in pregnancy. Attended by BRC Staff.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture at Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture on Obesity in Pregnancy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture at Congress on Maternal and Infant Nutrition- 'First thousand days' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk on early nutrition and childhood obesity to national congress for midwives in Netherlands; sparked an enormos amount of interest and many questions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Lecture to USA University, Portland Oregon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact David Barker Award Lecture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture to international conference, San Diegoi, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Socety for Reproductive Investigation USA. Distinguished Scientist Award Lecture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting in London May 2015 for workshop to develop grant application to Gates Foundation and systematic reviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dharmintra Pasupathy, Matias Costa Vieira, Emma Molyneaux - Meeting in London May 2015 for workshop to develop grant application to Gates Foundation and systematic reviews
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meeting in Rio De Janeiro February 2015 with Dr Gilberto Kac to plan systematic review 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dharmintra Pasupathy, Matias Costa Vieria, Emma Molyenaeux - Meeting in Rio De Janeiro February 2015 with Dr Gilberto Kac to plan systematic review
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk to Born In Bradford public engagement day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talk on preparation for a healthy pregnancy sparked considerable interest from a wide reaching lay audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop on research methods led by Dr Dharmintra Pasupathy Rio de Janeiro, December 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dharmintra Pasupathy, Matias Costa Vieira, Emma Molyneaux - Workshop on research methods led by Dr Dharmintra Pasupathy Rio de Janeiro, December 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015