About face: The affective and cultural history of face transplants

Lead Research Organisation: University of York
Department Name: History

Abstract

We are at a critical point in the UK where face transplants are technically viable, yet have not yet happened. Since 2005 there have been fewer than 50 face transplants across the world, yet their cultural impact outweighs their number. The face is a highly emotive, visible organ, connected to identity, inheritance, communication and perceptions of beauty (Bruce and Young 2012). No face transplant has yet happened in the UK for reasons that are financial as well as ethical; the Royal College of Surgeons placed a moratorium on them in 2004, though they have become increasingly common internationally, and the NHS views them as life-enhancing, rather than life-saving (and therefore not essential). But face transplants need to be viewed through a much longer lens that includes not only the history of psychological and social responses to disfigurement, including the horror and disgust shown towards disfigured people, but also the registers in which medical innovation have been framed (as 'Frankenstein science'), the emotional experiences of extended surgical teams, and the emotional experiences of face transplant recipients and recipient/donor families. By studying the history of face transplants in the US and the move towards face transplants in the UK, this project engages arts and humanities research with surgeons and their extended medical teams to create a revised psychological framework that can be used to support ethical policy and clinical practice.

This historical project therefore has key implications for human health and flourishing, and the ways surgical innovation is framed and understood. It will build an evidence base of historical analysis and qualitative interviews with surgeons and people affected by face transplants, to show how and why emotion and identity has historically become attached to the face. It will chart what cultural anxieties around face transplants reveal about anxieties over medical innovation as well the interaction of the individual with the social world. Using a framework of emotion history to think through the cultural presumptions associated with face transplants as an act of 'transformation', it will show how emotion language manipulates the framing of face transplants. In the process of making face transplants mainstream, for instance, families and friends of dead donors have been wheeled out on international television to respond to the re-purposing of their loved one's faces, with deliberate emotional impact on viewers and apparently no regard for the ethical responsibilities of producers or the psychological and social effects. The emotional consequences for transplant recipients, as well as donor families, and extended surgical teams who are undertaking challenging and life-changing surgeries, have been virtually ignored.

About Face will show that face transplants are inherently emotional procedures, and that their emotional impact needs to be incorporated into clinical and policy discussions. From their framing in popular media to films and books dealing with face transplants as a terrifying or freakish prospect, from the identification of a suitable donor to the rehabilitation of a post-operative patient, emotions impact on each stage of facial transplantation. The emotional and social effects on recipients and their families are clear in the secondary literature and implied in the emergence of psychological protocols since the 1950s. It is time to put these centre stage. Bringing together arts, humanities and social science researchers with extended surgical teams and people living with disfigurement, this project will create a framework by which clinicians and policy makers can engage with face transplants as an emotional and concern. It will thus contribute to the framing and practice of innovative surgical practice, and human health, in the 21st century.

Planned Impact

Beneficiaries of impact:

1. Extended surgical teams. Two major face transplants surgeons in the US and one facial reconstruction specialist in the UK, and teams of twenty who work with each (as physiotherapists, nurses and anaesthetists) will be directly benefitted by the evidence that face transplants are psychological and social processes, not merely medical events. The patients, researchers and clinicians working with these individuals will subsequently be benefitted by the ripple-effect by which an awareness of affective and cultural impact becomes embedded into clinical practice. This interdisciplinary knowledge exchange will be a goal in developing historically- and emotionally-informed protocols that guide innovative surgery. A rigorously researched emotional framework will also encourage and enable the UK to compete with and alongside other surgical innovators around the globe by supporting the development of the country's first face transplant. The project's knowledge-transfer practices between arts, humanities and social science and medical researchers will support this aim, as will the project's comparative focus on the UK and the US in the first four years, and the Anglo-American context and China in years 5-7.

2. The interested public, who will be encouraged to learn about, and contribute to, discussions about facial disfigurement and transplantation that are not shaped by the tabloids, or clinical literature, but through ongoing, open discussions that include policy-makers, surgical teams and disfigured people themselves. There are few spaces where public engagement in the meanings and practice of surgical innovation, or the impact on individual patients and their families, are discussed. This project provides these spaces through participation in the SGL Spare Parts season, a workshop around disfigurement, beauty and transplantation, an immersive surgical reenactment series, and a film evening tackling the stereotypes around transplantation. These events bring together surgeons, psychologists, ethicists and members of the public, targeted as noted in the Pathways to Impact: e.g. 18-25 year olds visiting SGL; older adults visiting Imperial War Museum; working with Changing Faces and other patient groups. The PI will work to engage with a wider variety of audiences through the project website and digital networks, seeking media coverage via BBC Radio 4 content providers, popular publications such as the Metro newspaper, and an active blogging network. Artists and writers connected to these events will benefit by having their work seen and discussed; disfigured people working with patient groups will benefit from having a voice and an outlet through which public perceptions of disfigurement and transplantation can be debated and challenged. This will, as the charity Changing Faces recognises, have a positive impact on the lives of those who live with stigma and create awareness of the emotional effects of disfigurement and surgery.

3. This project further seeks to influence policy around face transplants in the UK, and to benefit those who shape it. The creation of new and freely available data (e.g. 200 interviews from clinicians; 500 from public engagement events; 100 from patient groups and 200 from online questionnaires) will provide evidence on how the affective and cultural history of face transplants have influenced their ethical framing as problematic by the Royal College of Physicians, and the NHS's refusal to fund the procedure (largely because it is seen as life-enhancing rather than life-saving). The PI will collaborate with King's Policy Institute on three Policy Labs in years 1-3 to bring together stakeholders (disfigured people, surgeons, ethicists and policy makers) to identity key emotional and societal barriers to face transplants and to produce recommendations for the Royal College of Surgeons, the Nuffield Institute for Bioethics and the Parliamentary Office for Science and Technology

Publications

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Bound Alberti F (2020) Reflections on the heart: medicine, emotion and history. in Medical humanities

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Bound Alberti F (2020) Oneliness' and Loneliness: from 'we' to 'I'? in The Philosopher

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Bound Alberti, F. (2021) Bringing together research, industry and policy making in The Journal of the Foundation of Science and Technology

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Bound Alberti, F. (2021) Face Transplants: An International History in Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

 
Title (Re)Framing the Face 
Description Developed in collaboration with artist Clare Whistler and Filmmaker Barry Gibb, this film explores the connections between hands, faces, and surgery. Featuring audio from maxillofacial surgeon Dan Saleh, this video is an artistic interpretation of the intersection between surgery and emotion. This short film was developed for the Being Human Festival 2020, which has the theme 'New Worlds.' Face transplant is an experimental surgery that has not yet been undertaken in the UK. As such, it very much represents a 'new world,' as interdisciplinary groups continue to work together to ensure the best outcomes for patients and surgical teams. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact The video received good engagement stats, reaching over 100. Further impact information will be added when available. 
URL https://aboutfaceyork.com/resource/reframing-the-face-a-being-human-video/
 
Title Clare Whistler 
Description We worked with the performance artist Clare Whistler on the AboutFace launch, and she subsequently provided a poem that was made available for the project website. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact It is too soon to tell whether there will be longer term impacts; this was the first time we had worked with the artist for the project. 
URL https://aboutfaceyork.com/reflections-of-the-aboutface-event/
 
Title Dab Hands: From Hand to Face 
Description Developed in collaboration with Lucy Burscough's Dab Hands project, From Hand to Face is a video produced for the Being Human Festival, 2020. With the theme of 'New Worlds,' this was the perfect opportunity to draw connections between face transplants, an experimental form of surgery, and what it means to be human. Faces are a core part of how we communicate, how we express ourselves in the world. So too, are hands. Lucy Burscough worked with AboutFace to produce a short video of the production of an original artwork, featuring quadruple amputee and double hand transplant recipient Cor Hutton. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact The film received strong engagement on social media, reaching over 100. Further impact information will be provided when available. 
URL https://aboutfaceyork.com/resource/from-hand-to-face-a-being-human-event/
 
Title Introduction to AboutFace film (dir. Barry Gibb) 
Description A film shot and edited by filmmaker Barry Gibb as part of the AboutFace launch. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The film has been used to publicize the project and has accompanied press releases. 
URL https://vimeo.com/369575227
 
Title Louisa Young 
Description The award-winning writer Louisa Young contributed to the AboutFace launch with a talk and a reading. She has written four books that relate to facial damage and is an ongoing partner on the AboutFace project. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact We are at the beginning of a longer collaboration and the impacts will be easier to assess as the project progresses. 
URL http://www.louisayoung.co.uk
 
Title Lucy Burscough 
Description We are collaborating with Lucy Burscough and the surgeon Roger Kneebone on an exhibition about surgical skill to be held in Manchester at the Whitworth Gallery. This will explore many of the themes of the project and will be a public event. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact The event has not yet been held, but is currently being planned. We hope to have an update by the summer. It may take place in 2021. 
URL https://www.lucysart.co.uk
 
Description Important new research questions opened up
There is no comparative data collected on the outcomes of face transplants around the world or even within the US. There is also an emphasis on qualitative rather than qualitative reporting. AboutFace seeks to change that by creating a globally recognisable way of assessing emotional impacts.

New or improved research methods or skills developed
The benefits of interdisciplinary and qualitative research methods is becoming clear across the range of partnerships developed in this project.

Important new research resources identified
New interview data will be generated for the first time with lived experience participants, and on surgical teams about the historical emergence and emotional challenges of their work.
Exploitation Route We hope to develop a framework, in collaboration with our overseas and UK partners, by which the emotional impacts of living with facial difference and undergoing facial transplant can be assessed. So there are clinical and patient outputs, as well as broader familial and social outputs. We also aim to transform the historical and sociological framework by which we understand face transplants as a form of medical innovation, and demonstrate new pathways by which interdisciplinary collaboration might be managed.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Healthcare

 
Description The project as it has evolved has supported the successful Arts Council funding application of Lucy Burscough's project 'Dab Hands', on which AboutFace will be a collaborator. Several core questions from the project about the emotional experience of facial transplantation for patients have been incorporated into patient evaluation practices at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston (a project partner). The University of Durham has set up a series of Conversations about 'Faces' that is open to the public and based on the AboutFace project
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Creative Economy,Education,Healthcare,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Influencing the work of charities on loneliness - The Campaign to End Loneliness
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Influenced the approach of Campaign to End Loneliness
URL https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ageing-and-society/article/biography-of-loneliness-the-histo...
 
Description Policy Lab at King's Policy Institute to be held in July 2021
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description YouGov survey undertaken on public attitudes to face transplant - influenced perceptions of c. 2000 people who took part in the survey (and requested more information); influenced surgical teams to reconsider the routine use of images in shaping perceptions; led to the publication of an article in the British Journal of Surgery (listed in publications).
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://yougov.co.uk
 
Description Research Contingency Funding (Covid)
Amount £36,904 (GBP)
Organisation University of York 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2021 
End 09/2021
 
Title Qualitative analysis using emotion history methodologies 
Description Tangible new tools or methods generated by your research team (including e.g. a novel technique, a research questionnaire or observation form) We are developing qualitative methodologies to examine the cultural and emotional impact of face transplants, using methodologies and tools drawn from emotion history. This work will offer a critique of, and an improvement to, existing Quality of Life measurements used to established psychological protocols. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This work is in progress and informing our data collection in interviewing and analysis. It will be shared with our clinical and academic partners and included in publications and public engagement work. 
 
Title AboutFace database 
Description We are in the process of developing a database of data collected via the YouGov survey an interviewing. We are using NVIVO software. Part of the database will be available to others, subject to the non-disclosure regulations around interviewing and the privacy of patients and medics, as per our NHS Ethics approval. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This is an ongoing process at an early stage. 
 
Title International Face Transplant Database 
Description A database of face transplant recipients, face donors and surgical staff engaged in face transplant internationally. This includes demographic, biographical and outcomes data. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The database is at an early stage of development, but we anticipate that it will form the basis of publications and could become a single authoritative source of information on face transplant internationally. 
 
Description Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston 
Organisation Brigham and Women's Hospital
Department Department of Medicine
Country United States 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution We are working with the face transplant team on shaping the questions asked of face transplant patients and candidates. This is a two-way process, where we are using our YouGov survey results and our work on the cultural meanings of facial difference and transplantation to adjust the ways surgical teams use Quality of Life metrics in assessing clinical psychological outcomes.
Collaborator Contribution Brigham and Women's Hospital is a centre for face transplants and the clinical team has shared with us their data collection process and questions asked. We will be visiting the team in August 2020 to conduct a series of interviews with key personnel and the families of patients.
Impact Ongoing - results will include significant new data on patient and family experience and the clinical method by the end of the summer. To date, AboutFace questions about emotional wellbeing and patient experience have been included in the patient evaluations made by the medical team.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Cleveland Clinic 
Organisation Cleveland Clinic
Country United States 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution We have been in discussions with Cleveland Clinic since the end of 2019, and have shared with them our research protocol and objectives. We are also sharing with the clinic our developing perspective on the emotional impacts and quality of life for people living with facial difference and face transplants. This brings a new critical perspective to a clinical problem: how to evaluate the medical impact of facial difference and transplantation.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners are sharing with us their psychological protocols, history and development of face transplants in Cleveland Clinic (and in collaboration with Maria Siemionow, previously at Cleveland Clinic and now in Chicago). We will interview carefully identified members of the extended surgical teams and patients, and engage with the patients' families where possible. We were not able to visit to collect data and interview the surgical teams and patients in 2020 due to Covid. We are hoping to resume this work in September 2021.
Impact Multi disciplinary - involving surgeons, prosthetists, psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, sociologist, people with lived experience and historians.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Helsinki University Hospital 
Organisation Helsinki University Hospital
Country Finland 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution AboutFace will input into the continued development of face transplant protocols in Finland, focusing specifically on psychosocial screening and outcomes.
Collaborator Contribution Colleagues in the face transplant programme at Helsinki University Hospital will share their knowledge and expertise relating to the two successful face transplants they conducted between 2017-2019, and their ongoing work in this area.
Impact There have been no outcomes as yet. The first visit to these collaborators is planned for May 2020.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Leeds 
Organisation Leeds General Infirmary
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution We are sharing our research protocols and objectives in order to locate the emergence of Hand transplants as a cultural and emotional process (and as a form of VCA alongside face transplants) in the UK. This will be a historical perspective, in the first instance, which is lacking in the UK and global context. And it will contribute an important historical framing for the evaluation of psychological protocols and transplants at the Leeds Hand Transplant Unit.
Collaborator Contribution Our Leeds partners are sharing with us their insights and experiences of leading hand transplant work in the UK, a development that has key parallels with the emergence of face transplants as a form of VCA general. We will be interviewing the teams and potentially members of the public who have engaged with the Leeds services as friends and supporters of transplant patients.
Impact Data will be collected through interviews and engagement with the Leeds transplant team, and this data will provide the evidence for a series of publications. Multi disciplinary including surgeons, nurses, psychologists, transplant professionals, sociologists and historians. Additionally we will be contributing to the Thackray Medical Museum's work on transplantation, in collaboration with Simon Kay, the leader of the Leeds team. This will include the part of a multi-disciplinary collaboration from our side with the surgeon and public engagement specialist Roger Kneebone and the artist Lucy Burscough.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Royal Victoria Infirmary Newcastle 
Organisation Royal Victoria Infirmary
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution Daniel Saleh, Declan Murphy and David Sainsbury have worked with us on the development of a YouGov survey to assess public attitudes to face transplant. This has not been done before and is an exciting new kind of interdisciplinary collaboration. We will be writing a collaborative article with the surgical team for the Lancet. My team undertook the framing of questions, with the assistance of the project advisory board and lived experience group, and we analysed the qualitative data. We also funded the survey through the AboutFace project. We are undertaking three months of data collection at Newcastle between March 2020 and March 2021. This will include patients and their families and extended surgical teams.
Collaborator Contribution Our clinical partners proposed the original set of YouGov questions based on patient experience and the team's attempts to develop face transplants in the UK. They also handled the statistical analysis of the outcomes and co-authored an article for the Lancet. The team also helped develop our NIHR profile and collaborations, and are assisting in the identification of patients for interview, as well as agreeing to be interviewed in their own right. They are additionally supporting our work with transplant nurses and NHS Blood and Transplant. Newcastle is one of seven UK sites we are partnering with for this study, and for which we have NHS and university ethics approval (the others are hospitals in Swansea, Manchester, London, Glasgow, Leeds and NHS Blood and Transplant).
Impact Multidisciplinary collaboration, involving historians, surgeons, psychologists, prosthetists, sociologists and ethicists as well as people living with lived experience of facial difference. Outputs include an article for Lancet in progress (co-written with the surgical team) and another in process that explores challenges in interdisciplinary working (to be submitted to BMJ Medical Humanities by the summer). Original data from 2000 people has been created, and this will be stored in keeping with the UKRI and University of York data requirements. The data and its analysis will help shape the questions raised by the King's Policy Labs that will be undertaken via the AboutFace project in the summer of 2020 and it will help shape surgical approaches to the NIHR around the public impact of face transplant discussions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description AboutFace twitter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The twitter account has 300 followers, and has provided an opportunity to connect with stakeholders in facial transplantation internationally. We aim to grow participation through this channel considerably with the appointment of a new Public Engagement Officer in mid March 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://twitter.com/AboutFaceYork
 
Description AboutFace website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A project website was designed for AboutFace, which includes information about the project and team, news, notifications of events and a regularly updated blog. We anticipate this will become the primary access point for information about the project as it progresses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://www.aboutfaceyork.com
 
Description Aboutface Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We held a launch event for the AboutFace project on 25 October 2019 and advertised the event widely via university networks, Twitter, professional networks and personal invitation. There was a panel presentation and discussion that involved historians, artists, writers, people with lived facial difference, surgeons and psychologists. Visitors were asked to complete feedback cards that considered the core question of the event: How do you feel about your face? We are working through the recorded outputs and have recruited a replacement public engagement person to assist with the analysis of impact. We also created a film of the event which we shared widely via our networks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://aboutfaceyork.com/research/videos/
 
Description Article Published in The Philosopher 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI published an article in 'The Philosopher' as part of a special issue titled 'From "We" to "I"?' This was accompanied by a panel discussion. The issue sold out, indicating good coverage. The article written by the PI was on the subject of the rise of the lonely body, drawing on her influential research on the history of loneliness.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.thephilosopher1923.org/product-page/autumn-2020-what-is-we
 
Description Article by the PI in TIME Magazine on the subject of loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article written by the PI for TIME Magazine. The article is related to the PI's work on loneliness and the history of emotion and remains available online for continued access. The article related to the Covid-19 pandemic and loneliness. The estimated coverage of this article is 30,800, with 5,720 shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://time.com/5828736/loneliness-coronavirus-history/
 
Description Article for The Conversation on the use of robots in care homes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI wrote an article for The Conversation, responding to a news report about the popularity of robot companions following an international trial. The article commented on the proposal to use robots in care homes to allay loneliness. It was widely read and received comments from members of the public, engaging with the argument being made in the article. The article more widely addressed the role of technology in society as a medium for connecting people. The CoverageBook metrics estimate a coverage of 31.1K and 534 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://theconversation.com/robots-to-be-introduced-in-uk-care-homes-to-allay-loneliness-thats-inhum...
 
Description Article in the New Statesman 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article on loneliness as an epidemic, drawing significantly on research by the PI and featuring regular quotes. The article uses the PI's research to explore recent tendencies to medicalise loneliness. Article written by Sophie McBain. The estimated coverage of this page is 508,000, with 626 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.newstatesman.com/culture/2019/12/how-loneliness-became-epidemic
 
Description Article in the New Yorker 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article on the History of Loneliness by Jill Lepore for the New Yorker quoting and drawing on research by the PI, published in 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of the page is 21.6K, with 8.93K shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2020/04/06/the-history-of-loneliness
 
Description Article on Loneliness in The Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact An article on loneliness in the Guardian, citing PI F Bound Alberti's Biography of Loneliness. This article has reached a wide audience, with the CoverageBook metrics estimating a coverage of 256k and 6.33k shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/jan/04/loneliness-society-nuclear-family-lockdown-com...
 
Description Article on Loneliness in the Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in the Guardian on the divide between the medicalisation of loneliness and the argument for stronger cultural and historical understanding of loneliness. The PI's research on loneliness formed a significant proportion of the argument against pathologising loneliness, with quotes taken from 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The article is available online. This article has an estimated overage of 256k.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/aug/06/loneliness-cure-pill-research-scientists?CMP=Sh...
 
Description Article on Loneliness in the Hindu Times 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article pblished in the Hindu Times on suicide, which features quotes from F Bound Alberti's A Biography of Loneliness. The article attracted a number of comments on the topic of loneliness in different environments, with a particular focus on online communities. CoverageBook metrics: estimated coverage to date: 36.2k, with 227 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-whys-of-death-by-suicide/article32320124.ece
 
Description Article on loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviews on the topic of loneliness for an article in Brazilian magazine Epoca. The article was based on the PI's research and monograph, 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of this page is 11,900, with 78 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://epoca.globo.com/sociedade/11-perguntas-sobre-isolamento-para-fay-bound-alberti-autora-de-uma...
 
Description Article on loneliness for CTV news 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article for CTV news about the medicalisation of loneliness and the invention of a loneliness pill, featuring quotes from the PI and 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of this article is 103,000.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/could-a-pill-make-you-less-lonely-1.4548228?cache=yesclipId104062
 
Description Article on loneliness in a digital world 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in Vox on the place of loneliness in a digital world, where people can stay connected despite physical distances. The article quoted from the PI's monograph, 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of this webpage is 29,200 with 557 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.vox.com/the-highlight/2020/5/26/21256190/zoom-facetime-skype-coronavirus-loneliness
 
Description Article on loneliness in the times of Coronavirus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was quoted in an article titled 'Loneliness in times of coronavirus: abandonment and the luxury of being with oneself' in Chilean newspaper La Nacion. The article drew heavily on the PI's monograph' A Biography of Loneliness' and presented a global perspective on loneliness as it relates to the Covid-19 pandemic. The estimated coverage of this article is 71,000, with 126 shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.lanacion.com.ar/cultura/la-soledad-en-tiempos-de-coronavirus-el-abandono-y-el-lujo-de-es...
 
Description Article on the death of Connie Culp 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI Fay Bound Alberti and Research Associate Victoria Hoyle co-authored an article on the death of face transplant recipient Connie Culp, titled 'First US face transplant recipient dies, leaving an important legacy.' The article refers directly to the research being conducted on the AboutFace project and to the wider cultural narratives being explored as part of this research. The article received comments on the 'frankenstein science' involved in these surgeries, which is something that the project seeks to understand and shed light on, removing barriers to understanding face transplantation more clearly. We take this as an encouraging sign of movement in the right direction, and addressed this in our Being Human events for 2020 (evidenced elsewhere on ResearchFish).

The estimated coverage for this article is 30.5K with 92 shares on social media. The Conversation Dashboard metrics indicate that the article was republished by 5 other media outlets internationally, totalling over 17,000 reads.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://theconversation.com/first-us-face-transplant-recipient-dies-leaving-an-important-legacy-1445...
 
Description Article on the medicalisation of loneliness in The National Post 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI's monograph and research on the subject of loneliness featured in an article in The National Post. The estimated coverage of this article is 17,600, with 709 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://nationalpost.com/health/all-the-lonely-people
 
Description BBC Free Thinking Interview and follow up: Being Human Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participation in a BBC podcast with Des Fitgerald and Emily Cock. Follow up of podcast interview released in March, with additional information on Being Human Festival event Future Faces, with Public Engagement and Events Officer Sarah Hall and PI Fay Bound Alberti. CoverageBook metrics: estimated coverage of 476k, with 51 social media shared.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000pgd9
 
Description Blog post on the ethics of transplantation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI wrote a blog about the ethics of transplantation on her personal website www.fayboundalberti.com after which she received five emails asking for more information about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.fayboundalberti.com/blog/2019/9/21/9h6cume2i0fclrqn88vt57dix5dyb4
 
Description Book review for A Biography of Loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A review of 'A Biography of Loneliness' by the PI, Fay Bound Alberti, was published in Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten Innsikt. The review continues to be available online. The estimated coverage of this page is 341, with 31 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.aftenposteninnsikt.no/kulturtrender/fra-alene-til-ensom-en-ny-tilstand-den-moderne-tid
 
Description Book review for A Biography of Loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Book review of the PI's monography 'A Biography of Loneliness,' drawing links with the COVID-19 pandemic, published in Dutch magazine Vrij and available online. The estimated coverage for this article is 1,200, with 60 social media shares
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.vn.nl/literaire-kroniek-eenzaamheid-feestje/
 
Description Book review for A Biography of Loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A review of the PI's monograph, 'A Biography of Loneliness' and David Vincent's 'History of Solitude' for TLS Social & Cultural Studies. The estimated coverage of this page is 3,790, with 1,860 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://the-tls.co.uk/articles/loneliness-solitude-book-review-adam-foulds/
 
Description Book review for A Biography of Loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI's book 'A Biography of Loneliness' was reviewed alongside David Vincent's 'A History of Solitude' in the Guardian. The estimated coverage of this article is 347,000 with 250,000 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/mar/19/history-solitude-david-vincent-biography-loneliness-fa...
 
Description Book review of A Biography of Loneliness in Prospect Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI's book 'A Biography of Loneliness' was reviewed for Prospect Magazine. The review remains available online. The estimated coverage of this article is 16,700, with 16 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/arts-and-books/all-the-lonely-people-where-do-they-all-come-from
 
Description Brinkwire article on loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Society must look beyond the nuclear family to overcome the dilemma of loneliness.' An online article featuring PI F Bound Alberti's 'Biography of Loneliness.' The article, using Bound Alberti's research as evidence, argued that wider social networks are important for alleviating loneliness in current society. CoverageBook metrics: estimated coverage, 2.1k.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://en.brinkwire.com/uk/society-must-look-beyond-the-nuclear-family-to-overcome-the-dilemma-of-l...
 
Description Foundation of Science and Technology Debate Note 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The PI wrote a briefing note on a high level event on facial recognition technologies held at the Royal Society in her capacity as Foundation Future Leaders Fellow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.foundation.org.uk/getattachment/5712aeeb-fc01-4003-bab1-9ca61d49f333/29jan20-record-note...
 
Description Future Faces 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Social media event for the Being Human Festival. The project team released 55 short video responses to core questions about faces, identity, emotions and face transplants. The event generated strong engagement and some responses citing interest in the ideas shared, and building on project research findings. Videos were shared on Twitter and Instagram, generating a broad audience and significantly growing the project's followers and reach on social media. The videos will become part of a future engagement activity. Since posting, these videos have been used independently for teaching activities at the University of York (stage three undergraduates - History) and York St John University (stage one undergraduates - Media Studies).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Happiness Festival - online event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was invited to give a talk for the Happiness Festival, held online, on the topic of loneliness. The talk provided some practical steps to avoid loneliness and become more connected and, ultimately, happier. It is set in the wider context of the evolution of our emotions which will help those who are feeling increasingly disconnected. This talk was part of the Happiness Festival, a weekend of virtual talks and live workshops from July 24-26 focused on re-imagining how happiness can be integrated into future economic systems, societies and everyday lives. It is organised by the newly founded Happiness Institute, based out of the University of Oxford, and is raising donations in support of the WHO COVID-19 Relief Fund.

The YouTube video of this event has received 186 views and 7 likes. No comments are available for analysis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aX7Ea8PRWaE&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Histories of the Unexpected Podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI's monograph 'A Biography of Loneliness' featured in the popular podcast 'Histories of the Unexpected,' presented by James Daybell and Sam Willis. The podcast explores themes through history, which for this episode was loneliness. Other research published by the PI was also referenced. The page has an estimated coverage of 353.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://historiesoftheunexpected.com/podcasts/loneliness/
 
Description In Conversation for The Philosopher 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI featured in a webinar in conversation with philosopher Lars Svenson. The title was 'From We to I: loneliness as Pandemic?' and connects with Fay Bound Alberti's leading reasearch on loneliness. This event was part of a week-long special series to coincide with the publication of The Philosopher's autumn issue that asks the question, "What is We?" The issue will feature contributions from an exciting range of philosophers, classicists, historians, and English scholars, including Dan Zahavi, Brooke Holmes, Todd McGowan, Serene Khader, Fay Bound Alberti, Olúf?´mi O. Táíwò, Thomas Szanto, and Donovan Irven. The CoverageBook metrics estimate a coverage of 5.13k with 46 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.thephilosopher1923.org/events-alberti
 
Description International Radio Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PI Fay Bound Alberti was interviewed by Jacinta Parsons for ABC Radio Melbourne. The interview focused on the PI's book, 'A Biography of Loneliness.' CoverageBook metrics: estimated coverage 106k.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.abc.net.au/radio/melbourne/programs/afternoons/episodes/
 
Description Interview for National Post on Transplantation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed about the emotional meaning of transplantation, following the National Post's research into a breaking news story about neonatal organ donation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/when-your-baby-needs-a-heart-it-means-waiting-for-another-child...
 
Description Interview for a BBC Radio 4 series on the history of solitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed for the BBC Radio 4 Podcast on the history of solitude. The interviewer was Thomas Dixon from the Centre for Emotions History at Queen Mary, University of London. The CoverageBook metrics estimate a page coverage of 476K and 45 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000mkjc
 
Description Interview for international newspaper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI Fay Bound Alberti was interviewed for a national Italian newspaper about the history of loneliness and Covid-19. The article made direct reference to her book, 'A Biography of Loneliness' and other media engagement work, such as an article for the New York Times. The article featured alongside other interviews with prominent authors such as Margaret Atwood. The estimated page coverage for this article is 122K.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.corriere.it/speciale/sette/2020/Fay-Bound-Alberti/
 
Description Interview for regional news BBC Radio Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed by Radio Sheffield about the launch of the AboutFace project and the programme was taken up with asking callers to talk about their face - how do you feel about your face being the question posed by the launch.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p07nvd80
 
Description Interview with CNN Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Fay Bound Alberti was interviewed for a CNN Brazil programme on loneliness. This drew on her research published in A Biography of Lonelieness, arguing against the medicalisation of loneliness. The YouTube video of the programme has been viewed more than 25,000 times, and has been 'liked' 1400 times. Comments on the video reflect an engagement with Bound Alberti's arguments about loneliness as a complex condition or state, and some change in views to accept that loneliness is not always a consistently negative experience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gDjps1PIF7k&t=1s
 
Description Interview with PI for Slate Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview for French magazine Slate between Daphnee Leportois and Fay Bound Alberti for an article on loneliness and cultural, personal differences. The article is titled 'When deconfinement anguishes more than confinement' and is available online. The estimated coverage of this article is 42,400, with 23,600 shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.slate.fr/story/190011/redouter-deconfinement-misanthrope-angoisse-solitude-relations-soci...
 
Description Invited speaker at ESOT Congress (forthcoming) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PI F Bound Alberti has been invited to speak at the ESOT (European Society for Organ Transplantation) congress in August 2021. She will provide a historical perspective on face transplants, as part of a panel of medical experts speaking on vascularised composit allotransplantation and standards of care. Also on the panel are Prof. Simon Kay (on hand transplantation in the NHS, UK), Dr Christina Kaufman (on hand transplantation in the US) and Emmanuel Morelon (on face transplantation and long term results). This invitation clearly demonstrates the interdisciplinary impact of the research being undertaken on the AboutFace project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited speaker for a live webinar hosted by Durham University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact PI F Bound Alberti was invited to speak in conversation with Prof Ludmilla Jordanova on the subject of faces, and more broadly about the AboutFace project. This was a live webinar, featuring a conversation followed by a Q&A. The audience was international and the talk generated a number of questions about the project research. Key themes included research and medical ethics, identity, and connections with previous research on loneliness.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Merchant Adventurers' Arts Discovery Lecture on loneliness by PI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture at the Merchant Adventurers' Hall in York, exploring the meanings of loneliness from the eighteenth century to the present. It considered social and individual meanings of loneliness and the importance of body and mind. This event was the book launch for 'A Biography of Loneliness.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/news-and-events/events/public-lectures/autumn-2019/loneliness-pill/
 
Description National news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was quoted in an article on loneliness in the Guardian, written by Rachel Cooke. It considers loneliness in contemporary society and rejects the medicalisation of the emotion. There has been a significant amount of discussion in the comments of the article, reflecting on loneliness in the community and how to overcome it. Some commenters considered that loneliness is variable, indicating a change in opinion as a result of the article. The estimated coverage of this article is 257,000, with 628 shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/dec/15/loneliness-epidemic-strategies-christmas
 
Description New Thinking: About Face BBC podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participation in a BBC podcast with Des Fitgerald and Emily Cock. We have contacted the BBC to ask for more detailed information about audience figures and anticipated impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p080p2bc
 
Description New York Times article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI and others respond to a NYT article by Nicholas Kristof on the effects of social isolation. The letter refers to A Biography of Loneliness and to the history of loneliness by way of challenge to the original piece. The estimated coverage of this page is 319,000, with 48 shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/17/opinion/letters/loneliness-epidemic.html
 
Description Newspaper article on loneliness and COVID-19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article on loneliness during the Covid-19 pandemic which draws heavily on, and reviews, 'A Biography of Loneliness' by PI Fay Bound Alberti. The estimated coverage for this page is 19,700, with 52 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.independent.ie/life/health-wellbeing/an-epidemic-of-loneliness-in-a-pandemic-what-can-we...
 
Description Newspaper article on loneliness in the i 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article featuring a contribution from Fay Bound Alberti, amongst other prominent authors, on how lockdown loneliness could change the world. The estimated coverage of this page is 38,300, with 34 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://inews.co.uk/culture/olivia-laing-catherine-gray-stella-duffy-interview-coronavirus-lockdown-...
 
Description Night of Ideas Panel Discussion on Loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Launched by the Institut français in 2016, the NIGHT OF IDEAS is a project staged simultaneously in Paris, London and worldwide, at the end of January. In 2021, the London edition of the NIGHT OF IDEAS was an online week-long festival from 22 to 29 January. In the context of lockdown, the Institut français du Royaume-Uni gave greater value to this key event in the cultural agenda and expanded its dates to allow as many people as possible to take part in the debate. Crossing French, British and European perspectives, and with the theme 'Together' as a common thread, the Night of Ideas tackled the latest ideas behind issues central to our particularly troubled era marked by the sanitary crisis and Brexit.

PI Fay Bound Alberti participated in a panel discussion on loneliness and togetherness. The panel discussed the question 'can we be emotionally connected in the digital world?' The other panel members were Manuel Arias-Maldonado, Professor of political science, University of Malaga; Clémentine Lalande, CEO of Once online dating app; Chaired by Tim Markham, Professor of Journalism and Media, Birkbeck College, University of London

The event attracted 4039 viewers on Facebook and Youtube. Viewing figures are expected to increase with the replay. The hosts noted that they had never had so many viewers for any event they have organised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://nightofideas.co.uk/whats-on/
 
Description PI interviewed by WIRED Magazine on loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed for an article in WIRED Magazine on the topic of loneliness. The interview was related to the Covid-19 pandemic and the UK being in lockdown, and was an output resulting from the PI's monograph 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of this article is 18,200, with 217 shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.wired.com/story/pandemic-loneliness/
 
Description PI interviewed for Chilean newspaper Las Ultimas Noticias 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed for an article in the Chilean newspaper Las Ultimas Noticias on the intersection of loneliness and Covid-19. The interview highlighted the PI's monograph 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of this page is 28,500.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.lun.com/Pages/NewsDetail.aspx?dt=2020-04-12&PaginaId=26&bodyid=0
 
Description Podcast Interview for The Connectery 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was invited to take part in a podcast on the subject of loneliness. The podcast drew on the PI's influential research on loneliness, and connected with key themes for the AboutFace project, on health and the body.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.theconnectery.com/episode-2-what-is-loneliness/
 
Description Podcast Interview for the New Books Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI took part in a discussion on the international history and meanings of loneliness for the New Books Network podcast with psychologist Renee Garfinkel. The conversation evidences the interdisciplinary nature of the PI's influential research on loneliness. The estimated coverage of this page is 469, with 10 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://newbooksnetwork.com/fay-bound-alberti-a-biography-of-loneliness-the-history-of-an-emotion-ox...
 
Description Podcast interview on lockdown, COVID-19 and loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed for a podcast by CBC News, Canada. The podcast explored the different types of loneliness people were experiencing during lockdown, and the impact of long-term isolation. The interview was an output resulting from the PI's monograph, 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The estimated coverage of this article is significant, at 83,700, with 49 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.cbc.ca/radio/frontburner/covid-19-unlocks-wave-of-loneliness-1.5568625
 
Description Review of Monograph for Post Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI's book, A Biography of Loneliness, was reviewed by Chinese newpaper Morning Post - Post Magazine. The CoverageBook metrics estimate a coverage of 42.3K and at least five shares on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/books/article/3105589/three-books-about-loneliness-and-...
 
Description TED Talk about the history of loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI gave a talk at the 2019 TED summit in Edinburgh, explaining why there is a need to reframe our perspective of loneliness, focusing on how nostaliga and our sensory experiences could help us better understand and heal from isolation. The talk was a result of the PI's research into the history of loneliness and monograph 'A Biography of Loneliness.' The video of this talk has been viewed over 14,900 times. The talk has an estimate coverage of 15,300.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ted.com/talks/fay_bound_alberti_a_historical_journey_through_loneliness/up-next
 
Description TED blog from the 2019 TEDX Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog from TED on the speakers from the TED summit at which the PI presented, containing summary of talks and short biographies of the speakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Thinking Allowed, BBC Radio 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed for Thinking Allowed on BBC Radio 4 by Laurie Taylor. The podcast is on the subject of loneliness as a modern emotion, drawing on the research published in the PI's 'A Biography of Loneliness' and is readily available online. The estimated coverage of this webpage is 476,000 and 113 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000fvzf
 
Description Times Radio Discussion on Loneliness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI took part in a discussion on loneliness for Times Radio, as part of a wider discussion, including the work of the Samaritans and Jo Cox Foundation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Video interview with the PI for Women's Health Interactive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI was interviewed by Saprina Panday for the video series 'On Loneliness' for Women'sHealth Interactive, an online forum for discussion of issues relating to women's health. The video is available on YouTube and has been viewed 34 times. Note: the original video was deleted and reinstalled months later, which may have negatively impacted these statistics. The estimated coverage of the current page (accurate for March 2021 submission) is 358, 11 social media shares.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUUCzntIcxg
 
Description What's in a Face? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel discussion for the Being Human Festival. A panel discussion held on Zoom between surgical educator Roger Kneebone, campaigner and motivational speaker Tulsi Vagjiani, facial surgeon Dan Saleh, sculptor Eleanor Crook, and actor Adam Pearson. The discussion centred on questions of face tranplantation, appearance, ethics, and identity. Audience reported changes in opinion, and on the whole responded positively to the event. Further feedback from the Festival's partner reflected that the audience learned about face transplants during the event, increased their understanding of the subject's relevance to everyday life, encouraged some to find out more about the subject, and sparked an interest in humanities research in others. All respondents reported that the event changed their perceptions about the subject, either 'in part' or 'a lot.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description York Talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PI gave a presentation at the York Talks series, which was well attended by the general public and recorded for online viewing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/research/events/yorktalks/