Aerosol Coupling in the Earth System (ACES)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Earth Atmospheric and Env Sciences

Abstract

The emission of trace materials into the atmosphere can have a variety of influences on the environment, ranging from immediate health impacts in the locality of the release to global effects on atmospheric composition and climate. Organic compounds, such as hydrocarbons, are emitted in large quantities from both natural and human-influenced sources, and contribute to many of the well-publicised environmental phenomena, for example, photochemical smog and global climate change. It is estimated that about 2 billion tonnes of organic material are emitted into the atmosphere each year. Natural sources include emissions from vegetation (e.g., forests), and such sources dominate when total global emissions are considered. Human-influenced emissions result from many sources, in particular road transport, distribution of petrol and other fuels, solvent usage and some industrial processes. In populated regions, such sources usually represent the major input of organic material into the atmosphere. Some emitted organic compounds are known to be directly detrimental to human health, for example as carcinogens. However, a much wider impact results from the chemical processing of organic material in the atmosphere, which leads to the generation of a variety of products, sometimes known as 'secondary pollutants'. One by-product of these oxidation processes is the generation of involatile or highly soluble organic oxidation products which can contribute to the mass of airborne particles or 'aerosols'. Aerosols in the atmosphere have an important influence on visibility and climate, through the scattering and absorption of light and UV radiation, and can also have direct health implications because fine particles can be inhaled into the lung. The proposed work aims (i) to improve our understanding of the fundamental processes involved in the formation of aerosols from the chemical processing of natural hydrocarbons emitted from forested regions of the world: (ii) to assess the impact of those aerosols on atmospheric composition, climate and rainfall: and (iii) to assess the impact of changes in land use on the above processes and impacts. This will be achieved using a combination of experimental studies in laboratory chambers, observational studies in a tropical forested region, and assessment studies using numerical models of the atmosphere.

Publications

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Archibald A (2010) An isoprene mechanism intercomparison in Atmospheric Environment

 
Description The ACES consortium project in the APPRAISE aerosols programme was an integrated research programme aiming to reduce uncertainties in our fundamental understanding of the formation of BSOA and the subsequent impact on atmospheric composition, through coordinated chamber studies, field studies, process model development, and application of atmospheric models of chemistry and transport to assess coupling and feedbacks in the Earth system. Work undertaken in the ACES project focussed on a single but important biome, that of tropical forests and was closely linked to the OP3 project focussing on the Bornean tropical forest. A wide range of findings related to the formation of secondary particles from biogenic emissions led to a large number of publications.
Exploitation Route The findings have already led onto further programmes such as the ACID-PRUF aerosols and clouds programme and the findings have found their way into Earth System descriptions in a range of models.
The findings from the tropical forest in Borneo provided a springboard for several fruitful collaborative activities in Amazonia (including the SAMBBA large grant investigating biomass burning, the BUNIAACIC IOF collaboration and a Royal Society Newton Fellowship for Henrique Barbosa from USP in Brazil).
Sectors Environment

URL http://www.cas.manchester.ac.uk/resprojects/aces/
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation Centre for Environmental Studies of the Mediterranean (Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo)
Country Spain 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation Julich Research Centre
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation Leibniz Association
Department Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation Paul Scherrer Institute
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut AB
Country Sweden 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation University College Cork
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation University of Bayreuth
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation University of Copenhagen
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation University of Paris XII: Paris-Val-de-Marne
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description European network for studying atmospheric processes in simulation chambers 
Organisation University of Wuppertal
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Operation of the Manchester photochemical chamber facility and participation in joint experimental programme in the European network. Leading the development of modelling capability in support of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Integration of a wide range of atmospheric simulation chamber facilities, hosting a joint database for experimental results, coordinating scientific goals and infrastructural support activities and serving as a focus for delivery of large-scale International collaborations in atmospheric science.
Impact Very many peer-reviewed outputs facilitated by being part of the chamber network.
Start Year 2009
 
Description National collaboration to investigate coupled aerosol processes in the atmosphere (funded under the NERC APPRAISE ACES consortium) 
Organisation Atmospheric Chemistry Services
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Lead partner in a consortium involving field experiments in Borneo, chamber experiments, atmospheric chemical mechanism development and large-scale modelling of atmospheric impacts
Collaborator Contribution Fullfillment of scientific objectives of the consortium
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description National collaboration to investigate coupled aerosol processes in the atmosphere (funded under the NERC APPRAISE ACES consortium) 
Organisation Lancaster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lead partner in a consortium involving field experiments in Borneo, chamber experiments, atmospheric chemical mechanism development and large-scale modelling of atmospheric impacts
Collaborator Contribution Fullfillment of scientific objectives of the consortium
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description National collaboration to investigate coupled aerosol processes in the atmosphere (funded under the NERC APPRAISE ACES consortium) 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council
Department Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lead partner in a consortium involving field experiments in Borneo, chamber experiments, atmospheric chemical mechanism development and large-scale modelling of atmospheric impacts
Collaborator Contribution Fullfillment of scientific objectives of the consortium
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description National collaboration to investigate coupled aerosol processes in the atmosphere (funded under the NERC APPRAISE ACES consortium) 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lead partner in a consortium involving field experiments in Borneo, chamber experiments, atmospheric chemical mechanism development and large-scale modelling of atmospheric impacts
Collaborator Contribution Fullfillment of scientific objectives of the consortium
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description National collaboration to investigate coupled aerosol processes in the atmosphere (funded under the NERC APPRAISE ACES consortium) 
Organisation University of Leicester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lead partner in a consortium involving field experiments in Borneo, chamber experiments, atmospheric chemical mechanism development and large-scale modelling of atmospheric impacts
Collaborator Contribution Fullfillment of scientific objectives of the consortium
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description National collaboration to investigate coupled aerosol processes in the atmosphere (funded under the NERC APPRAISE ACES consortium) 
Organisation University of York
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lead partner in a consortium involving field experiments in Borneo, chamber experiments, atmospheric chemical mechanism development and large-scale modelling of atmospheric impacts
Collaborator Contribution Fullfillment of scientific objectives of the consortium
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications
Start Year 2007