ClearfLo: Clean Air for London

Lead Research Organisation: King's College London
Department Name: Geography

Abstract

Poor air quality, particularly in urban areas, has a demonstrable effect on human health, but the processes responsible for producing the main pollutants, namely particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and heat are not well understood and are poorly predicted. The ambition of ClearfLo is to provide integrated measurements of the meteorology, composition and particulate loading of London's urban atmosphere, made at street level and at elevated sites, complemented by modelling, to improve predictive capability for air quality. This ambition will be addressed by establishing new measurement capabilities in London, which will be used for long-term measurements and intensive observation periods, and by analysis and modelling of the measurements to establish key processes.

Publications

10 25 50
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Allen L (2011) Global to city scale urban anthropogenic heat flux: model and variability in International Journal of Climatology

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Amato F (2014) Urban air quality: the challenge of traffic non-exhaust emissions. in Journal of hazardous materials

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Beevers SD (2013) Air pollution dispersion models for human exposure predictions in London. in Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology

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Belcher S (2015) Meteorology, Air Quality, and Health in London: The ClearfLo Project in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

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Björkegren A (2018) Net carbon dioxide emissions from central London in Urban Climate

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Chrysoulakis N (2018) Urban energy exchanges monitoring from space. in Scientific reports

 
Description 1) Importance of building scale vents to local scale - heat, water and carbon dioxide exchanges
2) The nature of the stability (mixing) of the atmosphere in central London
3) The impact of human activities on carbon dioxide exchanges
4) The effect of spatial scale on anthropogenic heat and carbon dioxide fluxes and the size of variability (from building to city scales)
5) The nature of tree cover in London (3-d characteristics) and that the tallest trees in London are in the centre of London
6) The influence of sea breezes on boundary layer development and aerosol movement
7) A small increase in vegetation cover has a bigger influence on evaporation rates at low fractions of vegetation cover than when there is a large amount of vegetation present.
8) The implications of atmospheric stability on the use of scintillometry in urban areas. There are times when there is insufficient mixing for the instruments to provide turbulent heat fluxes.
8) The manufacturers of scintillometers still need to undertake considerable development of these instruments but are reasonably responsive to being informed of issues.
9) Ceilometers can provide detailed insights into differences in processes across the central city to track individual events (e.g. sea breeze type events). However, there is need for a lot more analysis to tease out these signals.
10) Getting permission to locate instruments can be very time consuming and often is not successful. Others can be extremely helpful. There are particular challenges with pirate radio operators in London some whom get access behind locked doors with loss of equipment.
Exploitation Route 1) Evaluating models - boundary layer growth, land surface exchanges

2) Assessment of emissions inventories (e.g. carbon exchanges)

3) Precursor condition for urban flooding (e.g. soil moisture status)

4) Assessing areas of vulnerability to heat stress or cold

5) Impact of vegetation on atmospheric and hydrological conditions

6) Development of climate service for urban areas

7) Assessment of climate services in urban areas

8) Improving understanding of dispersion from street to neighbourhood scale
Sectors Chemicals,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Transport

URL http://micromet.reading.ac.uk/
 
Description 1) Initiation of collaboration with the Met Office to evaluate their new higher resolution models (100 m, 330 m, 1.5 km) with our data in close to real time (i.e. past 24 h) 2) Data collected have been used by City of London residents to consider energy use 3) London Climate Change Partnership have started to consider how London weather and climate should be observed 4) Informed Shanghai Institute of Meteorological Science - in their development of urban focused flux measurements 5) Assessment of Urban CO2/ greenhouse gas inventories at a range of scales 6) Informed: Establishing Integrated Weather, Climate, Water And Related Environmental Services For Megacities And Large Urban Complexes - Initial Guidance (World Meteorological Organisation) - Global Framework for Climate Services
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Chemicals,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description COMEAP Standards Advisory Subgroup - Defra
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and Effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description COMEAP member (2009 - 2011), chair (2012 - date)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description GfG2 Board of Experts
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, Improved regulatory environment and effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description Healthy Air Campaign - advisor (Environmental Protection UK)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description Input to EU REVIHAAP project - Evidence on health aspects of air pollution to review EU policies
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
Impact Membership of the Scientific Advisory Committee for REVIHAAP
URL http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-health/air-quality/publications/2013/review...
 
Description Life Study Scientific Steering Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description Member of WHO Air Pollution Advisory Board on PM, O3 and N02
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Improved accesibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and effective solutions to societal problems.
 
Description NERC Strategy Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description NRCG - Nanotechnology Research Coordination Group Task Force
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Improved educational and skill level of workforce, improved accessibility of public services and effective scolutions to societal problems.
 
Description US Environmental Protection Agency consultant
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved accessibility of public services, improved educational and skill level of workforce and effective solutions to societal problems
 
Description Equipment Grant - Advanced UK Observing Network For Air Quality, Public Heath and Greenhouse Gas Research
Amount £4,296,371 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R011532/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2017 
End 08/2022
 
Description Newton: Atmospheric Pollution and Human Health in Chinese Megacity
Amount £152,046 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N00700X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 07/2018
 
Title Analysis of ALC attenuated aerosol backscatter profiles 
Description Method to analyse raw (Vaisala) ALC profiles 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 1) Used by others across Europe and in China 2) Vaisala (manufacturer) modified firmware 3) forms basis for later algorithm developement 
 
Title Site for undertaking measurements 
Description Site for undertaking urban meteoological observations 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Several papers Instruments at other sites Providing modelling results to LCCP, PHE, etc 
URL http://www.urban-climate.net/content/
 
Title LUMO 
Description Urban meteorology observations in London 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2007 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Wide range of data use by students (undergraduate, graduate) and other researchers for various levels of research projects at various levels Community access for data 
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/micromet/LUMA/LUMA.html
 
Title SLUM 
Description Spectral library for urban materials 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data are are being download and used 
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/micromet/LUMA/SLUM.html
 
Title SUEWS 
Description Urban Energy and Water balance scheme (note current version pre-2006) New version named SUEWS since 2011 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use for modelling urban energy and water exchanges at the neighbourhood scale. Being used in a number of contexts and locations for water sensitive urban design. It is also linked to models for human comfort. 
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/micromet/lumps-suews-fraise/
 
Description FL 
Organisation University of Gothenburg
Department Department of Earth Sciences
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution development and analysis of the surface information for London preparation of papers co-development of models
Collaborator Contribution development and analysis of the surface information for London preparation of papers co-development of models
Impact Conference papers Research Journal papers contributor to contents of invited talks Were invited to put in a joint proposal to GLA but unfortunately KCL could not prepare the paperwork in time for this to be undertaken 2015 in press Onomura S, CSB Grimmond, F Lindberg, B Holmer, S Thorsson BLUEWS - Meteorological forcing data for urban outdoor thermal comfort models from a coupled convective boundary layer and surface energy balance scheme Urban Climate Magliulo V, P Toscano, CSB Grimmond, S Kotthaus, L Järvi, H Setälä, F Lindberg, R Vogt, T Staszewski, A Bubak, A Synnefa, M Santamouris Environmental measurements in BRIDGE case studies (Chapter 5) Understanding Urban Metabolism ed N Chrysoulakis, E Castro, E Moors, Routledge, 45-57 http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415835114/ Grimmond CSB, L Järvi, F Lindberg, S Marras, M Falk, T Loridan, G Pigeon, DR Pyles, D Spano Urban Energy Budget Models (Chapter 9) Understanding Urban Metabolism ed N Chrysoulakis, E Castro, E Moors, Routledge, 91-105 http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415835114/ Lindberg F, CSB Grimmond, N Yogeswaran, S Kotthaus, L Allen 2013 Impact of city changes and weather on anthropogenic heat flux in Europe 1995-2015 Urban Climate,4, 1-15 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2013.03.002 Loridan T, F Lindberg, O Jorba, S Kotthaus, S Grossman-Clarke, CSB Grimmond 2013 High resolution simulation of surface heat flux variability across central London with Urban Zones for Energy partitioning. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 147, 493-523. DOI: 10.1007/s10546-013-9797-y Lindberg F & CSB Grimmond 2011: Nature of vegetation and building morphology characteristics across a city: influence on shadow patterns and mean radiant temperatures in London Urban Ecosystems 14: 617-634 doi:/10.1007/s11252-011-0184-5 Allen L, F Lindberg, CSB Grimmond 2011: Global to city scale model for anthropogenic heat flux, International J. of Climatology, 31, 1990-2005 doi: 10.1002/joc.2210 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.2210/pdf pdf Lindberg F & CSB Grimmond 2011: The influence of vegetation and building morphology on shadow patterns and mean radiant temperatures in urban areas: Model development and evaluation Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 105:311-323 doi:10.1007/s00704-010-0382-8 Lindberg F & CSB Grimmond 2010: Continuous sky view factor from high resolution urban digital elevation models, Climate Research, 42: 177-183 doi:10.3354/cr00882
 
Description LJ 
Organisation Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development of model Preparation of papers
Collaborator Contribution Development of model Preparation of papers
Impact Ward et al. (2016) UC Järvi L, CSB Grimmond, M Taka, H Setälä, A Nordbo, IB Strachan 2014 Development of the Surface Urban Energy and Water balance Scheme (SUEWS) for cold climate cities Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 1691-1711 http://www.geosci-model-dev-discuss.net/7/1063/2014/gmdd-7-1063-2014.pdf; http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/7/1691/2014/gmd-7-1691-2014.pdf Moors EJ, CSB Grimmond, A Veldhuizen, L Järvi, F van der Bolt Urban water balance and hydrology models (Chapter 10) Understanding Urban Metabolism ed N Chrysoulakis, E Castro, E Moors, Routledge, 106-116 http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415835114/ Järvi L, CSB Grimmond, A Christen 2011: The Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS): Evaluation in Vancouver and Los Angeles. J. of Hydrology, 411, 219-237 doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.10.001 Loridan T, CSB Grimmond, BD Offerle, DT Young, T Smith, L Järvi, F Lindberg 2011: Local-Scale Urban Meteorological Parameterization Scheme (LUMPS): longwave radiation parameterization & seasonality related developments J. of Applied Meteorology & Climatology. 50: 185-202 doi: 10.1175/2010äMC2474.1 Plus conference papers
Start Year 2009
 
Description SIMS 
Organisation Chinese Meteorological Administration
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Co-Authorship of papers Extensive discussions of data analyses
Collaborator Contribution Data Model evaluation and application
Impact Ao et al. (2016) International J. Climatology Tan et al. (2015) Ao et al. (2016) JAMC Peng et al. (2017)
Start Year 2013
 
Title LUMA-LUMO 
Description Software for collecting and processing all the data that are collected 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2008 
Impact This allows the data to be processed from the instrument all the way through to the database 
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/micromet/data-observations/
 
Title SUEWS 
Description SUEWS - Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2011 
Impact 1) People in multiple countries working on the development 2) Participated in a number of model evaluations 3) Being used for a wide range of applications to provide ongoing continuity 4) Provide long term heat stress impacts 
URL http://www.urban-climate.net/umep/SUEWS
 
Title UMEP 
Description Ubran Multi-scale Environmental Predictor 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact 1) Numerous people starting to download and use 2) Consistency of methods between group methods and across groups 3) Interest from a wide audience (resarchers, teachers, planners etc) 
URL http://www.urban-climate.net/umep/UMEP
 
Description Loridan T, O Jorba, F Lindberg, S Kotthaus, S Grimmond High resolution simulation of surface heat fluxes from London's Central Activity Zone (CAZ) High Performance Computing - Barcelona Super Computer Seminar, 10 March 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of research

Initiated paper preparation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Analysis of Surface Characteristics to Understand Urban Climate, DIGITAL URBAN, King's College London, 15 February 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wide range of GIS techniques and applications discussed

Number of people interested in the activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Atmospheric Physics Seminars, Imperial College London, 19 February 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion about research


Proposals prepared
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Barlow J.F., Building an urban atmospheric laboratory in London: lessons learnt from a decade of experiments, 14th March 2012, CSIRO Urban Science Symposium, 13-15 March 2012, Melbourne, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk describing urban atmospheric observations in London to mostly Australian government scientists and practitioners, stimulated discussion, widened network.

One contact joined a University of Reading steering group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://wiki.csiro.au/display/CSSNetworks/1+Urban+Science+Symposium,+13-15+March+2012
 
Description Barlow JF Measuring fluxes over urban areas: results from observations in London, 13th February 2012, Prime Minister's Initiative 2 (PMI2) workshop, British Council sponsored, Newcastle University, 13-14th Feb 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk led to discussion, network widening

Discussion with academic partner about further work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Barlow JF Urban Meteorology - lessons learnt from a decade of experiments in London, UK Wind Engineering Society Conference, Southampton 10-12th September 2012, keynote talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Keynote lecture at international conference, stimulated discussion/participation/new projects

Stimulated increased collaboration with the wind engineering community; shared knowledge from urban climate studies with engineering community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Barlow JF, Air Pollution Research in London, The Cleaner Air Conference, Greater London Authority, 22 Jan 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact talk led to discussions

Engagement with Greater London Authority on Cearflo outcomes, with wider local authority and government reps through Air Pollution Research in London knowledge exchange network
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/archives/cleaner_air_conference_agenda_220113.pdf
 
Description Barlow JF, Atmospheric processes and urban air pollution, talk to MSc students at UCL, London, 14th Nov 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk was formal part of MSc students's education at UCL

led to increased research contact with UCL academic (Liora Malkhi-Epstein)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Barlow JF, Climate Change and the Built Environment, visit by Ian Boyd (DEFRA) to Uni of Reading, 3 July 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact talk sparked questions giving a steer on future research priorities, ie microscale pollutant exposure

Relationship between DEFRA and Walker Institute at University of Reading strengthened
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Barlow JF, Experience in using Doppler lidars: London (summer 2012), COST EG-CLIMET meeting, 26-28 Sep 2012, University of Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk led to discussion afterwards

invitation to join follow-on COST European activity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://cfa.aquila.infn.it/wiki.eg-climet.org/index.php5/Final_Report#Available_Techniques_4
 
Description Bohnenstengel S.I. (2012): Something in the air, Olympic Special, PlanetEarth magazine NERC, June 2012. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact paper was picked up by the BBC

The BBC produced a news item on the ClearfLo campaign visiting our field site and used the article as background material alongside interviews with research staff
Interview on radio BBC Berkshire
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/features/story.aspx?id=1211
 
Description Characterization of Energy Flux Partitioning in Urban Environments: Links with Surface Seasonal Properties, WMO GURME Workshop on Urban Meteorological Observation Design, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai, China, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Reports prepared for World Meteorological Organization
Shanghai Meteorological Bureau -planning of urban meteorological instrumentation


Shanghai, CMA started to undertake flux measurements
Invited to become special expert for SIMS, CMA
Report prepared for WMO
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/documents/GAW_208_web.pdf
 
Description Cities and Vegetation: impact on heat, water and carbon excahnges, Wageningen University, Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Interaction with PhD students


A number of students continued to interact across a range of research areas
Interest in our models
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Cities today and in the future: Applications and challenges in urban climatology. Kuehnast Endowment Lecture 20 th Anniversary, University of Minnesota, USA 8 November 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interest from a number of the public about urban climate/atmospheric processes

Invited to give other talks to students (declined as not at a time I could travel)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://climate.umn.edu/doc/journal/kuehnast_lecture/
 
Description Comments for The Sunday Times - 'Des res boroughs suffer worst pollution deaths' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Comments for The Sunday Times - 'Des res boroughs suffer worst pollution deaths'

Increase in public awareness and understanding of the air quality challenge in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Grimmond S, C Castillo, M Gouvea, S Kotthaus, T Loridan, L Pauscher, P Smith, H Ward, F Lindberg, D Young King's College London research related to ACTUAL:2011, ACTUAL-project annual meeting of project advisory group, ARUP, London, 4 April 2011. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Collaborative research activities discussed

Compatible observations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Impact of vegetation on urban heat, water and carbon exchanges. Urban Environmental Pollution: Creating Healthy, Liveable Cities, 17-20 June 2012, Amsterdam Netherlands (keynote) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Research discussion with a broad spectrum of individuals

Invited to give other talks
better understanding of other relevant work in the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Implications of the Dense City Centre to Surface Atmosphere Exchanges" Simone Kotthaus Date : 7th August, 13:00 Place : Isikawadai Bldg. 4, Tokyo Institute of Technology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact There were people from the Japan Meteorological Agency and Department of Geoscience, National Defense Academy of Japan in addition to people from the University.

Afterwards we had a discussion about the role of JMA measurements for research purposes (what data would be useful, how should measurements be undertaken...?) Sugawara from National Defense Agency wants to try running IMAS at one of their sites. I got to know him in that presentation so I could then later go and visit their EC site with Helen where they also talked about new Scint setup that is planned in Tokyo. So presentation helped to establish new connections between researchers and knowledge exchange between institutions. I also learned that Sugawara did not measure high QE over a river in Tokyo because water temperatures were too low -- he explained his Japanese paper to me after he saw my presentation about river impact at KCL. so also implications for interpretation of urban design and role of rivers in cities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Importance of Vegetation on Urban Surface-Atmosphere Exchanges: Evidence from measurements and modelling, Department of Earth Sciences, Göteborg U, Göteborg, Sweden, 13 September 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talked to research students and academics about research

Undertook collaborative research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description International Urban Energy Balance Model Comparison: What have we learnt so far? Urban Symposium: Research in urban meteorology and climatology - Current activities and future prospects CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, CSIRO Complex Systems Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion of research

People have kept me informed about their research
People have visited or asked to visit
People have used our model
People have agreed to participate in proposal
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://wiki.csiro.au/display/CSSNetworks/1+Urban+Science+Symposium,+13-15+March+2012
 
Description Interview for BBC World News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview for BBC World News

Increase in public awareness and understanding of the air quality challenge internationally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description JF Barlow, CR Wood, SE Lane, L Caporosa, SILD Bohnenstengel, SE Belcher, F Di Giuseppe and H Lean, Evaluating Numerical Weather Prediction Simulations of Urban Boundary Layer Structure, Intl Workshop Urban Weather Climate, 12-15 Jul 2011, Beijing, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact talk as part of workshop to share international best practice in urban weather observations and modelling

Widened international network, particularly in China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description JF Barlow, M Gouvea, S Grimmond, S Kotthaus, SE Lane, L Pauscher, H Ward and CR Wood, Probing the urban boundary layer: the ACTUAL project, RMS Conference, June 2011, Exeter, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact poster sparked discussion

increased collaboration with the Met Office, particularly participation in Met Office Urban Working Group influencing development of weather forecasting in urban areas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description JF Barlow, T Dunbar, CR Wood, E Nemitz, M Gallagher, and R Harrison, Doppler lidar observations of urban boundary layer dynamics in London, UK, AMS 19th Symposium BLT, 2-6 Aug Keystone, US 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk stimulated discussion afterwards

Wider interest in London work using Doppler lidars to observe urban atmosphere
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Janet F. Barlow, C.R. Wood, D.R. Drew, W. Nogueira-Neto, S.E. Lane, A. Brocklehurst, C.S.B. Grimmond, A.G. Robins, S.G. Bradley and P. Klein, Impact of urban boundary layer processes on sustainable building design, Uni of Helsinki invited talk, Dec 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk led to discussion

Plans for collaboration with University of Helsinki and Finnish Meteorological Service
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Loridan T, F Lindberg, O Jorba, S Kotthaus, S Grimmond Impact of a street tree planting scenario for London's Central Activity Zone (CAZ), Urban Climate Impacts/Naturnal Environment Meeting, Air Pollution Research in London (APRIL) City Hall, Greater Lond 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sparked discussion across a broad interdicisplinary group of people interested in vegetation in urban areas

A number of different activities have occurred and interdisciplinary discussions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.april-network.org/home/
 
Description Micrometeorology: Benefits to society from its numerous applications Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, China Meteorological Adminstration Shanghai 23 July 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed interpretation of ongoing measurements
Discussion of future applications and needs

Made me start to think of wider applications/needs for urban meteorological data
Encouraged me to apply for Met Office funding for Climate Services
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Observing London: Weather data needed for London to thrive, Retrofitting homes for a future climate: emerging trends from recent industry surveys on climate change adaptation, Wednesday 24th April 2013 King's College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cross-disciplinary discussion of urban climate in a very broad sense
Applications of research to users

Wide range of interdisciplinary discussions
Informed about user needs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Presentation in Kanda-lab seminar COSMO radiation experiment 2014 Simone Kotthaus and Atsushi Inagaki Date : 15th Septem, 09:00 Place : Isikawadai Bldg. 4, Tokyo Institute of Technology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact impact: students were very interested in our study and got a better idea on how measurement data are analysed. most of them are doing modelling work so it was valuable to see 'real data' presented in early stage of analysis.


-- knowledfe exchange between measurement and modelling community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Relevance of Vegetation to Urban Surface-Atmosphere Exchanges: Current Needs and Challenges in Urban Meteorology, Urban Symposium, Finish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland, 14 May 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Detailed discussion about research activities

They published a number of connected research papers
We have plan other research activities
There have been a number of research visits to the UK (KCL, Reading)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://urban.fmi.fi/workshops.html
 
Description Somerset House: Contrasting studies of urban climatology in the 19th and 21st Century Royal Meteorological Society National Wednesday Meeting, Classic Papers Meeting On Urban Meteorology, University Of Reading, 21 November 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion

Awareness of the long term link of Sommerset house to research activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.rmets.org/events/hot-city-advances-urban-meteorology-measurement-and-modelling
 
Description Sylvia I. Bohnenstengel, University of Reading, S. E. Belcher, J. F. Barlow, O. Coceal, H. W. Lean, C. Halios, J. McConnell, Z. Fleming + ClearfLo Team - understanding London's meteorology and composition, 2.-6. February 2014, Atlanta, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact discussions between met and aq community

collaboration with project partners on papers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://ams.confex.com/ams/94Annual/webprogram/Paper236661.html
 
Description The Urban Nexus: Surface-Atmosphere Exchanges, Inaugural University of Reading 29 October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Informed meteorology community more broadly about urban meteorology research that is currently ongoing

Number of people discussing potential collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The importance of Vegetation on Urban Surface-Atmosphere Exchanges: Evidence from measurements and modelling, CSIRO Marine and atmospheric research, Canberra, Australia, 7 March 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of research

Informed future research activities and proposal collaborators
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The importance of Vegetation on Urban Surface-Atmosphere Exchanges: Evidence from measurements and modelling, Meteorologisches Institut, Universität Hamburg, Germany, 17 November 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talked to a range of different researchers

Discussed research activities
Invited people to participate in other activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The importance of vegetation on urban surface-atmosphere exchanges: Evidence from measurements and modeling, 3rd iLEAPS Science Conference, Garmis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Encouraged people to start to think about processes in urban areas
Met a number of key land surface -atmosphere researchers

Invited to South Korea to participate in the WISE project
Invited to give other key note talks (e.g. Integrated Carbon Observing systems talk 2014)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.ileaps.org/?q=node/32
 
Description Understanding the Urban Micrometeorology of Shanghai: Contributions, Challenges and Future Needs, Shanghai Meteoroloigc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion relative to London of Urban atmospheric processes

Range of future research activities
Preparation of papers
Preparation of proposals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Urban Meteorological Observations: New approaches Workshop on urban rainfall and air quality. Institute Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China 12 March 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discuss research plans


Develop research proposal

http://www.cma.gov.cn/en2014/news/News/201408/t20140812_256160.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ium.cn/en/
 
Description Urban Meteorology Activities At King's College London, Met Office, Exeter, 22 January 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed ongoing measurements and modelling in London

Initiated research linkages - including model testing using ongoing measurements
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Urban Meteorology: Scoping the problem, defining the needs (A Workshop). National Academies' Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC), July 27-28, 2011 Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA (keynote) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk had a report included in a Book and additional input through the document.
Document to plan future Urban atmospheric planning - broad spectrum of intergovernment agencies

Book prepared
Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs (2012)
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13328
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13328
 
Description Urban Meteorology: Support for Urban Environmental Problems from City to Person Scales, Shanghai Meteorological Service, Shanghai, China 20 May 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of activities relative to Shanghai/China

Awareness of different approaches and challenges
Interpretationand and informed of other activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Urban Physics International Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Over 100 participants each year, taught them about urban microclimate, much discussion and subsequent invitation to participate in workshop in Singapore, April 2016 hosted by Building and Research Institute/Institute for High Performance Computing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2015,2016
URL http://www.urbanphysics.org/
 
Description Urban meteorology and climatology: Some features & needs, Vaisala, Helsinki, Finland, 16 May 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with instrument manufacturer
Informed and discussed new instruments they are considering developing

Ongoing contact with the company at a variety of levels.
Helped with trying to sort out some issue with ceilometer data processing
Invited to participate in a number of activities internationally by the Chief Scientific Officer
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Urban meteorology: Support for Future Urban Environmental Challenges, Risk Management Solutions, London, 5 June 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of common research interests

Preparation of a case-studentship application (that has been funded)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013