Multiscale whole systems modelling and analysis for CO2 capture, transport and storage

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

The UK has challenging GHG reduction targets. It is believed that carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play a critical role in the energy systems of the future, in part to support the decarbonisation objective and in part to provide grid flexibility in a future system including a large fraction of less responsive low carbon energy systems (e.g. nuclear baseload and intermittent wind). The whole systems modelling and analysis programme proposed here is designed to support wider UK initiatives by reducing technological risk and identifying performance bottlenecks. CCS will require substantial capital investment in capture and transport systems and storage complex management. Although elements of the whole chain have been studied through modelling and experimentation, there is little work on whole system assessment. For complex systems such as CCS, whole system assessment is vital ahead of large scale deployment as it identifies critical integration and interaction issues between the components and evaluates whole system performance as a function of component design parameters. Thus the whole system may be optimised; simply optimising the design of individual components is likely to result in a sub-optimal system design. The proposed research methodology is based on multiscale modelling. This involves the development of fit-for-purpose models of the individual components which describe phenomena that operate over different length and time scales and which support integration and data exchange across scales. The reason for this is that relatively localised phenomena (e.g. mass transfer in an amine scrubber) might affect the overall system transient response by limiting the rate at which the power plant flue gas flowrate can be turned up or down. Similarly, the important performance trade-offs in individual component designs must be characterised and used for overall system design. There are a number of important issues to be resolved regarding future CCS systems; the applicants believe that multiscale systems modelling approach is ideal to develop relevant insights and guidance. Examples of the issues to be addressed through whole systems modelling, analysis and optimisation include: - The development and application of a methodology to optimise the time-phased evolution of the whole CCS system design (incorporating its important individual components), including sources to recruit and location of storage sites, balancing long-term and short-term investment imperatives. - Performing integrated assessments of alternative CCS systems, through the application of fit-for-purpose models (e.g. those able to quantify trace emissions of harmful substances) and rigorous life-cycle based analyses. - Characterising the transient performance of the integrated system (how will it perform in actual operation?), understanding whether or not it affects the flexibility of the wider energy system with which it is interfaced, what the safety critical components are and the network's dynamic stability and operability bottlenecks - Understand issues of systems integration - how do the different phenomena associated with the different components in the system cause effects to propagate through the network (e.g. the effect of impurities in captured CO2, the transport network and the storage complex). What are the important considerations that must be taken into consideration when designing and operating the whole system? The outcome of the programme will be relevant to a very wide range of stakeholders interested in CCS, including industry, regulatory and policy agencies and academia. The most important contributions of the project will be: - making available methodologies to design and analyse future CCS systems - generating insights into the most important interactions involved in system design and operation - quantifying (economics, environmental impact, safety & operability) the performance of UK CCS systems

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
NE/H013865/1 04/10/2010 01/10/2012 £332,206
NE/H013865/2 Transfer NE/H013865/1 01/01/2013 31/12/2014 £136,235
 
Description Through process modelling and analysis, it was found that (a) when operating an Absorber in post-combustion Carbon Capture, L/G ratio is the most important; (2) Water balance is also important when the whole solvent-based carbon capture process is operated; (3) When a solvent-based carbon capture plant is integrated with a coal-fired subcritical power plant, the capture plant is much slower than the power plant. Therefore there could be operation and control issues.
Exploitation Route These findings have been widely cited by academic researchers and industrial practitioners through journal and conference publications, invited presentations.
Sectors Chemicals,Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description Yes! The dynamic model developed has been partly used by PSE Ltd in London for development of their software product gCCS. The PhD student trained from this project is also employed by PSE Ltd. The 3 journal papers have been cited well over 200 times - this is another proof of impact.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Chemicals,Education,Energy,Environment
Impact Types Economic

 
Description EPSRC funded GAS-FACTS Project
Amount £2,461,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/J020788/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2012 
End 12/2015
 
Description EU H2020 Low Carbon Energy
Amount € 3,200,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 727503 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description Industrial CCS
Amount £982,114 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N024672/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Title Dynamic Model for RPB Absorber with solvent MEA 
Description Rotating Packed Bed (RPB) is a technology commonly used for process intensification. RPB Absorber is very different from other Absorber based on packed column. Based on the observations (studying different correlations for mass transfer, heat transfer and reactions), the new model is developed and its validation is ongoing. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact An oral presentation was given in Nov. 2016 during GHGT-13. A research journal paper based on this dynamic model has been submitted and is currently under review. Part of this model is being used for the DECC funded project with CCS Ltd. 
 
Title Dynamic model for Post-combustion Carbon Capture with Chemical Absorption using Monoethanolamine (MEA) 
Description A high fedelity dynamic model for Post-combustion Carbon Capture with Chemical Absorption using Monoethanolamine (MEA) was developed in gPROMS. It was developed based on Two-film Theory. It was implemented on Gas/Liquid Contactor (GLC) model in Anvanced Model Library (AML) from PSE Ltd. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The dynamic model was used for collaboration with Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College London in April 2013. In 2013 & 2014, the dynamic model was used by PSE Ltd (London) in another project funded by Energy Technology Institute (ETI) for developing the whole CCS system analysis tool (gCCS). 
 
Description Dynamic Modelling of Carbon Capture Plant - Collaborated with PSE Ltd London 
Organisation Process Systems Enterprise Limited (PSE)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We developed (first principle) dynamic model for post-combustion carbon capture with solvents. This is one of the best dynamic model available in the world.
Collaborator Contribution PSE Ltd provided a complex model library in gPROMS which made our new development work much easier. PSE Ltd provided engineer's support time to help us to solve different technical problem appeared during development.
Impact A complex first principle dynamic model for post-combustion carbon capture with solvent was successfully developed. 7 peer-reviewed Journal and Conference papers published from this collaboration.
Start Year 2010
 
Title PSE Ltd - gCCS 
Description PSE Ltd developed software gCCS for R&D in university & industry. The dynamic (first principle) model for post-combustion carbon capture was used for validation of gCCS since gCCS used lots of simplified correlations. 
Type Of Technology Systems, Materials & Instrumental Engineering 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact PSE Ltd developed software gCCS for R&D in university & industry. The dynamic (first principle) model for post-combustion carbon capture was used for validation of gCCS since gCCS used lots of simplified correlations. 
URL http://www.psenterprise.com/power/ccs/gccs.html
 
Description A talk or presentation - Research Seminar at Changzhou University, China - Prof Wang 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited by the President of ChangZhou University - Prof Q. Chen to have an academic visit to ChangZhou University. I was invited to give a Research Seminar on what Process/Energy Systems Engineering can do for Power Plants, Carbon Capture and Utilisation, Bio-Energy & Energy Storage. Lots of questions raised by the audiences (academics & MSc Research students).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://uni.cczu.edu.cn/2017/1215/c8420a173493/page.htm
 
Description Keynote talk given by Prof Meihong Wang at 2nd International Conference on Functional Materials and Chemical Engineering (ICFMCE) in Nov. 2018, Abu Dhabi, UAE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In Nov. 2018, Prof Wang was invited to give a keynote talk on "Process/Energy Systems Engineering: CCUS and Beyond...".
This is part of the 2nd International Conference on Function Materials and Chemical Engineering (ICFMCE) held in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Around 70 to 80 audiences from over 15 countries joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Research Seminar - HuaZhaong University of Science & Technology, WuHan, China - Jul. 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In Jul. 2016, I was invited to give a research seminar on CCS and its latest development.

Over 50 academics, researchers, technical staff, postgraduate students joined the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Seminar - ShenHua Group R&D Centre Beijing - Jul. 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In Jul. 2016, I was invited to visit ShenHua Group R&D Centre in Beijing

I was invited to give a research seminar on CCS.

Around 23 Engineers, Managers and Researchers joined the seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Seminar given by Prof M Wang at XJTU in Apr. 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In Apr. 2019, Prof Wang was invited to give a research Seminar by Xi'an JiaoTong University, China.

Research Seminar title "Process/Energy Systems Engineering for Power Plants, Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU), Energy Storage and Bio-Energy"

School of Energy and Power, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China

Audience: Academic Staff, Postdoc Researchers, PhD students - about 60 people
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://epe.xjtu.edu.cn/info/1101/11396.htm
 
Description Research Seminar given by Prof Meihong Wang at ECUST in Dec. 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Research Seminar title "Process/Energy Systems Engineering for Power Plants, Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU), Energy Storage and Bio-Energy"

School of Information Science and Technology, East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China
Audience: Academic Staff, Postdoc Researchers, PhD students - about 45 people
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://acocp-lab.ecust.edu.cn/2020/0102/c3756a103719/page.htm
 
Description Research Seminar given by Prof Meihong Wang at SouthEast University in April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In April 2018, Prof Wang was invited to give a research Seminar on "Process & Energy Systems Engineering: Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) and Beyond ...".
There were around 150 audiences (mainly MSc and PhD students, also including academics and industrial practitioners) from the city of Nanjing area.

Lots of interesting questions from these early career researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Research Seminar on Power Plant and CCS - University of Bradford - Nov. 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar on CCS - University of Bradford - Nov. 2012

This was invited by Prof I. Mujtaba at School of Engineering at University of Bradford, UK

The audiences show strong interest in the topic. More questions arose from researchers regarding how to do carbon capture for automotive.
Future collaboration planned for collaborative research between University of Bradford and Hull University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Seminar on CCS - IChemE Branch and Energy Institute Branch at Humber Region - Nov. 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In Nov. 2012, Dr M. Wang (the PI of the grant) was invited to give a Seminar on Power Plant and CCS. This event was jointly organised by IChemE Branch and Energy Institute Branch at Humber Region in the UK.

There were about 52 attendees, most of them from industry.

Before the Seminar:
Some of the industrial engineers doubted whether CCS is necessary.
Some of the industrial engineers didn't know how to do CCS and what the available choices.

After the seminar:
Most of them are convinced that CCS is necessary. Lots of suggestions from them regarding how to combine research into industries in the local region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://www.energyinst.org/documents/1422
 
Description Seminar on CCS - Shanghai Electric Power University - April 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar on CCS - Shanghai Electric Power University - April 2011.
This was invited by Prof H. Zhang, Vice President at the University.

Around 50 Academic staff, MSc students and undergraduate students were informed of current progress in power plant and CCS research.


One new research link was built. Prof Pan of Shanghai Electric Power University visited Dr Meihong Wang in Oct. 2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011