Regional Ecosystem & Biogeochemical Impacts of Ocean Acidification - a modelling study.

Lead Research Organisation: Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Department Name: Plymouth Marine Lab

Abstract

Climate change is one of the main governmental and societal concerns of the current era. The cause, the emissions of huge quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2) by human activities during the industrial era, is accepted by the vast majority of scientists. One of the consequences of increased atmospheric CO2 is Ocean Acidification (OA). The seas absorb a significant proportion of the extra CO2 which reacts in water to increase acidity. This is slightly less well known, at least in the public domain, but is based on uncontroversial and highly accepted scientific understanding and recently verified by precise measurements of the oceans increasing acidity. So over the next few decades the oceans will be impacted by changing climate (increased temperature, changing circulation and mixing) and by increasing acidity. Here it gets complicated. Acidification is known to impact several different processes that are important in regulating the marine ecosystem and different species exhibit different sensitivities. Changing temperature and currents will cause the distributions of particular species to alter and modification of mixing rates (the stirring of the oceans waters) will impact the supply of essential nutrients. Further some physiological processes become more prone to acidity induced effects if those species are subject to increased temperature. The acidity (or carbonate system) of the oceans is also responsive to temperature and to terrestrial effects (changing rainfall or ice melt) that are likely to occur given global warming. In summary predicting the impact of high CO2 (climate and OA) on marine systems is a very complex question. Many scientific experiments and observational programmes are currently investigating how climate and acidity impact the marine system. However the only method we have for trying to synthesise the various impacts mentioned above and make predictions into the future are the development of mathematical models. Within this proposal our aims are to develop existing models that cover the shelf seas around the UK (which have huge resource benefits) and the Arctic region (which is imminently at risk to both climate change and OA) and improve our understanding and certainty of both the magnitude and timescale of impacts. The model system we will use incorporates hydrodynamics, marine chemistry and a representation of marine ecosystems and the processes that drive them, making it ideal to test the combined effects of climate and OA. The models will be forced by the latest and most accurate predictions of climate change and we will compare at least a high emissions scenario - which assumes that globally we do not restrict CO2 production, and a low emissions scenario - which assumes that globally significant steps will be taken to reduce CO2 production. Using information generated by experimental and observational programmes we will improve the description of acidity sensitive chemical and physiological processes in the model. By comparing hind-casts of the model system with observed data, we will establish the accuracy of the model and test uncertainty in individual processes or parameters by sensitivity analysis. We therefore aim to deliver not only predictions of future states but estimates of certainty. The improved understanding of impacts and timescales that this project will generate will be fed directly into the UK Government's advisory process and underpin the development of national and international mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The key findings of ROAM are that whilst global scale forecasts of ocean acidification chemistry under a variety of climate change scenarios are robust when integrated over large scales in space and time, the precise chemical changes to regional marine systems and the resulting impacts are extremely heterogeneous. There are two primary conclusions. 1) Studies using medium resolution earth system models will not provide adequate projections of impacts and 2) Adaptation to impacts will require a regional scale understanding, and may well require planning at local scales.

A further outcome from this study is that we are still lacking a sufficiently holistic understanding of impacts, both across the breadth of species, but also with respect to medium to long term biological adaption and micro-evolution potential.

We have shown how the impacts of OA and climate change are likely to be strongly interlinked even when simple response parameterisations are implemented and the combination of the effects can lead to complex results. OA could either exacerbate or compensate climate change impacts depending on season, area and process; this could occur either via direct interference of the two drivers (e.g. enhanced production due to OA could mitigate reduction of productivity due to climate change) but also via indirect feedback (e.g. the increased productivity in coastal area due to OA will lead to a reduced acidification in the same area). Furthermore, the effects of these global drivers can magnify along the trophic network, as shown for zooplankton: in particular changes in community composition could have important impacts on the whole trophic network, favouring one trophic pathway over others. The non-linear complex interactions among the different components of the ecosystem can also trigger unexpected responses (e.g. the local increase of zooplankton biomass despite a decrease in primary production). This underlines that an ecosystem and multi-driver approach to study global changes is necessary, because we demonstrated that single driver-process responses can be negated or exacerbated by feedbacks from another driver-process response or ecosystem feedback.
Exploitation Route This work shows that planning for environmental management in a high CO2 world will need to take account of local issues, a generic regional response would not necessarily be appropriate. Whilst we are a long way from being able to predict what exactly might happen under a given climate scenario, we can begin to identify the range of potential variability in future systems.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment

URL http://www.oceanacidification.org.uk/research_programme/uk_and_arctic_seas.aspx
 
Description ROAM has enabled a first look at regional impacts of ocean acidification and climate change at regional scales, revealing a wealth of heterogeneity in impact caused by feedbacks between physical, chemical and ecosystem process, not revealed by global scale analysis. The outcomes of ROAM are impacting both policy and public awareness via contributions to the Marine Climate Change Impact Partnership reports (MCCIP 2013), by inputting to AVOID (1&2), contributing to the IPPC AR5 process and via programme wide contributions to COP19. ROAM has also contributed to the Global Ocean Acidification Observation Network programme and has contributed to the OA International Reference User Group based in Monaco. Finally outputs from the project were presented at a special meeting at the Royal Society in London to a mixed audience comprising journalists, government, academics, students and other stakeholders (e.g. aquaculture).
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Environment
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description House of Commons Scientific Enquiry into Ocean Acidification
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://parliamentlive.tv/Event/Index/3bfb278e-acaf-4d9e-86a6-55c986e728de
 
Description citation in Future of the sea: biological responses to ocean warming
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-of-the-sea-biological-responses-to-ocean-warming
 
Description citation in Future of the sea: ocean acidification
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-of-the-sea-ocean-acidification
 
Description citation in Recommendations to inform a UK Ocean Acidification Monitoring Strategy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/recommendations-to-inform-a-uk-ocean-acidification-monito...
 
Description citation in UK Fisheries Management
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/POST-PN-0572
 
Description A legacy for experimental - model synthesis, maximising the benefit from UKOA
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description A legacy for experimental - model synthesis, maximising the benefit from UKOA
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 12/2014
 
Description EU Horizon2020
Amount € 16,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 654462 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2020
 
Description Marine Monitoring and Verification
Amount £5,400,000 (GBP)
Organisation Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description The changing Arctic Ocean SEP2017
Amount £692,805 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R012830/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 02/2022
 
Title Background values for benthic variables in ERSEM 
Description Added background values to variables of the benthic ERSEM modules. This is one of the original ERSEM features, which is required also in new model structure to allow e.g. recovery of benthic faunal groups. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Allow modelling of recovery of benthic fauna and bacteria after their elimination due to e.g. stress, trawling, predation. 
URL https://gitlab.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/edge/ersem/tree/V1/SAFE
 
Title Benthic carbonate system in FABM-ERSEM 
Description Implemented benthic alkalinity fluxes and carbonate system calculations in FABM-ERSEM model framework. Contributions of benthic biogeochemical fluxes to benthic alkalinity are taken into account. Bulk benthic pH and saturation states are calculated, also rough per-layer estimates. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Benthic carbonate system implementation is a basis for many ocean acidification and CCS impact studies, long-term carbon dynamics modelling in climate scenarios. 
URL https://gitlab.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/edge/ersem/tree/V1/SAFE
 
Title CLimate RUN RCP85 
Description Simulation of the Atlantic Margin domain from 1980 to 2100 under the IPCC AR5 RCP 8.5 scenario 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact first transient simulation of the Climate change and OA impact on the region at this resolution. Talk accepted to the IV Ocean in a high CO2 world symposium, plus other presentation from colleagues at NOC 
 
Title Hindcast of the AMM domain 
Description A 37 years simulation of the North Western European Shelf with the NEMO-ERSEM model has been completed. Data are being analysed for recent trends in Ocean Acidification and air-sea fluxes of CO2 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact this database will enable to investigate how local processes occurring on the shelf and coastal environment can interfere with the global trend of OA 
 
Title Model of benthic sensitivity to high CO2 
Description Marine systems may experience high levels of CO2 either as a result of Ocean Acidification or via leakage from geologically stored CO2. Ongoing research under both the OA and CCS research streams have allowed us to develop a prototype model that describes the response of both tolerant and sensitive benthic fauna as well as the recovery potential. The model is conceived as a sub-model of the ERSEM marine system model and is therefore able to place impacts in the context of resource levels, resource competition and predator - prey interactions. The model is currently being used to investigate CCS leakage scenarios and will shortly be applied to climate change / OA runs. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The model has yet to be published but is contributing to reports relating to best practices for CCS, currently in preparation 
 
Title Sensitivity test of OA impacts 
Description I used the 12D model GOTM to assess the consequences on major ecosystem properties of the interaction among potential OA impacts on different trophic level 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact the work has been presented to the final meeting of the NERC UKOA program, attended by scientists as well as regulators It will be also presented at meeting of the GLobal Ocean Acidification Observing Network 
 
Title impact of pH on primary production 
Description A new formulation on the impact of pH on phytoplankton growth rate and mortality rate has been implemented in ERSEM. This formulation has been derived from lab experiment recently published (Flynn et al, Nature Climate Change 2012) This has been tested in a 1D water column set-up. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The 1 D test corroborated the previous estimates of the impact of Ocean Acidification on primary production that were parameterised using empirical relationship. However some small changes on the phytoplankton community composition has been observed and therefore 3D simulation will be run. 
 
Title timeslices climate simulation for Cbudgets 
Description the Polcoms-ERSEM model system has been run on the North Western European shelf domain under climate change and ocean acidification scenario 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Outcomes of this database will be soon used to assess how the C export from the Shelf to the deep oceanic environment and this information passed to a socio-economist group to calculate the changes in the valuation of ecosystem services linked to the C export. 
 
Description Collaboration with Sven Loven Centre for marine Science 
Organisation University of Gothenburg
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A new parameterisation of the OA impact on Echinoderms? larvae has been derived from experiments executed by Dr. Sam Dupont?s group at the Marine Station in Kristineberg Sweden. The parameterisation has been included in the ERSEM framework, in order to assess future potential vulnerability of this critical life stage for sea urchins. We tested the parameterisation on different scenarios (present day climate vs. future climate, low sensitivity species vs. high sensitivity species?)
Start Year 2012
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Dalhousie University
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation ETH Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Country Austria 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Lancaster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Meterology
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Météo France
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Nansen Environmental Research Centre (India)
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre
Country Norway 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation National University of Ireland, Galway
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Norwegian Institute of Marine Research
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Norwegian Polar Institute
Country Norway 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Country Germany 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Department Institute of Marine Sciences
Country Spain 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Stockholm University
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation Uni Research AS
Country Norway 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Bergen
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Bern
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Bremen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Exeter
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Gothenburg
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Hamburg
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description EU - Tipping point 
Organisation École Normale Supérieure, Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to write proposal to respond to a H2020 call on understanding the role and impact of climatic tipping points in the ocean system
Collaborator Contribution they contributed to the proposal lead by university of Bergen
Impact a first stage proposal for H2020 call LC-CLA-20018-2 has been submitted. The partnership is highly multidisciplinary involving chemistry, oceanipgraphy, climate science, ecologist, ecosystem modelling, social science
Start Year 2017
 
Description GOA-ON Biological Working Group 
Organisation Global Ocean Acidification - Observing Network (GOA-ON)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I'm participating to this working group of the Global Ocean Acidification - Observing Network providing guidelines on how monitoring program could be best use and inform ecosystem models. UPDATE Feb 2016: I participated the first meeting of the biological working group and contributed to the draft white paper
Collaborator Contribution All partners are experts in the biological/genetic/ecological impact of Ocean Acidification on biota at different levels (from unicellular to big animal) and share their knowledge on this topic
Impact the working group has just been established and we held the first virtual meeting, setting up priorities for outputs. The collaboration is heavily multi-disciplinary with biology, ecology, genetics, ecosystem modelling, being the more important discipline involved.
Start Year 2015
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation Marine Biological Association
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Department School of Environmental Sciences UEA
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department School of Geosciences Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Exeter
Department Department of Geography
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Gothenburg
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Earth, Ocean and Ecological Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Plymouth
Department School of Biological Sciences and Marine Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description GOA-ON NE Atlantic HUB 
Organisation University of Southampton
Department Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation to meetings, contribution with knowledge on how use models to integrate observations of the marine carbonate systems, provide model simulations
Collaborator Contribution Provide background knowledge and data on ocean acidification in the north East Atlantic
Impact the collaboration is highly interdisciplinary involving chemical and biological oceanographers, modellers, earth observation scientists as well as stakeholders. The collaboration just started (kick off meeting on 12th-13th March) therefore no concrete output yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description OA impact on Coraline algae 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provided projection of future pH in UK coastal marine environment
Collaborator Contribution She used those projection to do a preliminary assessment of the impact of OA on coralline algae in UK sites
Impact Proposal to NERC submitted
Start Year 2015
 
Description Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) Science Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This has been the third science group involving mostly scientists together with students, members of intergovernmental agencies (e.g. IOC, IAEA) and foundations (e.g. The Ocean foundation, the Sasakawa peace foundation) to discuss and agree on the Governance plan of GOA-ON and to establish the mentorship program
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.highco2-iv.org/workshop-goa-on
 
Description Impacts of climate change at scales relevant to England's regional marine planning process - poster presented at MCCIP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Poster "Impacts of climate change at scales relevant to England's regional marine planning process" jointly co-authored by members of policy (Marine Management Organisation) and science (PML) sectors was presented at joint BES-MCCIP conference in London, on 7 November 2018. The poster presents model projections of change in temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll and pH at time scales relevant for the next iteration of South-West Marine Plan. The poster is a contribution to the South West Partnership for Environment and Economic Prosperity program. At the meeting, poster received wide interest from conference participants, who were interested in modelling capabilities to support policy development and implementation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description OA RUG report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Laffoley, D. d'A., and Baxter, J.M. (eds). 2015.
Tackling ocean acidification - improving prospects by planning ahead. 16pp
A report arising from a OA IRUG
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.iaea.org/ocean-acidification/act3/new%20RUG%20docs/aooa.web.pdf
 
Description OHCO2W 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The key findings of the ROAM and QICs projects and how these inform both our understanding of Ocean Acidification and applied challenges such as mitigation via Carbon Capture and Storage where presented to an international audience at the 2016 Oceans in a High CO2 World conference, Hobart, Tasmania during May 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.highco2-iv.org/
 
Description UKOA Royal Soc meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Ocean acidification: what's it all about?" . Royal Society, London: 4-5 June 2015
Forecasting future Ocean Acidification at global and regional scales
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop on E2E modelling of OA impact (Glasgow) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Yuri Artioli participated to the workshop organised by Strathclyde university under the UKOA-AVA on end to end modelling the impact of Ocean Acidification

a paper is in preparation and future collaborative work could spark from this interaction among UK and international scientists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014