Global Biodiversity Resource for Monocot Plants (eMonocot)

Lead Research Organisation: Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
Department Name: The Herbarium

Abstract

This is a proposal to build a novel biodiversity web-resource for monocot plants. The site would grow to contain a taxonomic treatment of all monocots with rich associated biodiversity information; it would also be a platform on which new taxonomy can be published and new biological information collected and collated. Monocot plants constitute approximately 20% (70,000 species) of all higher plants and include numerous groups of the highest conservation, ecological and economic importance (for example grasses, sedges, orchids, palms and aroids). The web-resource will be based on an existing checklist prepared by consortium members. Considerable information content will be provided by the consortium, but also by the project providing the tools for the world community of monocot taxonomists to contribute in their areas of expertise. Though the major deliverable of the project will be the first Web-based taxonomy of the monocots, all the ICT tools developed in the project will be fully generic and applicable to other groups of plants. We shall also make sure that they can be used in zoological taxonomy (which have different nomenclatural requirements) by testing them on an animal group for which a Web taxonomy is already available. Finally, we shall work with the Encyclopedia of Life project to ensure that the content we generate can be used by the very broadest spectrum of end users. If our project is successful we shall have revolutionised the way the core of biodiversity science is organised and accessed. We will have radically changed the type of fundamental and applied biodiversity science that is possible and we argue will have made a major contribution to one of NERC's seven major thematic priorities, the science of biodiversity.
 
Title Short film profiling eMonocot: The Future of Taxonomy 
Description A short film profiling eMonocot (e)Taxonomy and biodiversity informatics to a general audience to stimulate awareness and interest. It functions as the impact plan for eMonocot. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact It was subsequently the basis of a Guardian Newspaper article: http://www.theguardian.com/science/grrlscientist/2014/sep/13/making-plant-taxonomy-freely-accessible. It is featured on the NERC youtube channel and has over 2, 900 views Other relevant URLs http://www.kew.org/discover/videos/the-future-of-taxonomy, http://emonocot.org/ and the NERC youtube channel. 
URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yOJWXQ4A_eQ
 
Description Data contributed to eMonocot by over 30 taxonomic communities via scratchpad and other websites is made available to all through a web "portal" designed to meet the needs of both biodiversity scientists and other user groups. The scratchpads have been developed via eMonocot's programme of engagement with taxonomists. Involvement in and ownership of the scratchpads by expert community members is a vital element of the sustainability of eMonocot. . The portal provides identification tools and taxon pages for all monocots, presenting data on their biology and conservation status (where available) and links to DNA sequences. Our users can search geographically or add filters to searches to explore the content in novel ways, providing answers to scientific questions in just a few clicks. Results of searches can be easily downloaded or displayed in graphical visualisations.
Exploitation Route eMonocot will spearhead Kew and the UK's contribution to the international effort to produce an online world flora via a project named Plants of the World Online Portal (POWOP). The end result will be a web-based treatment of all known plants, scheduled for completion in 2020 .
There is a growing scale of interest in eMonocot by all user communities for e.g. monocot names, information, images and distribution data .
Large scale eMonocot/POWOP datasets will increasingly be used to enable biodiversity science research.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://emonocot.org/
 
Description eMonocot had 119, 771 pageviews in 2013, 52, 964 unique. January-September 2014 has seen 203, 007 pageviews, 126, 025 unique. Average time on page has increased from 19 seconds to 62 seconds, with bounce rate steady at ca 62%. These use figures show the growing scale of interest in eMonocot by all user communities for monocot names, information, images and distribution data (for example). Large scale eMonocot datasets are currently being used in projects investigating monocot plant macroecology and lifeform evolution and the drivers of monocot diversity. We anticipate our aggregated data and content will increasingly be used to enable biodiversity science research by UK and international research teams. In 2015, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew committed to delivering nine strategic outputs which aim to disseminate Kew's scientific knowledge of plants and fungi to maximize its impact in science, education, conservation policy and management. The Plants of the World Online (POWO) portal, is one of the nine outputs and its aim is to enable users to access information on all the world's known seed-bearing plants by 2020. POWO builds on both data and code base of the eMonocot project. Indeed, the content from eMonocot will be harvested and implemented in POWO and thus, eMonocot will be subsumed within POWO. This means that eMonocot is sustained post project but in addition, is extended and its scale increased beyond monocots. Ultimately, POWO will become a single point of access for authoritative plant species information, a multi-dimensional catalogue of plant life, including information on identification, distribution, traits, conservation, molecular phylogenies and uses. The codebase is open source and Kew hopes to support existing partner networks to set up their own portals, creating a distributed network of botanical data hubs. POWO aims to become a resource that has global coverage which can empower and inform citizens, policy makers, conservationists and farmers everywhere, about the importance of plants and fungi to life. In addition, a key function of POWO is to ensure that Kew's floristic data can be harvested and ingested by the World Flora Online (WFO) portal enabling Kew to support GSPC Target 1.
Sector Creative Economy,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Philanthropic funding
Amount $1,000,000 (USD)
Organisation Weil Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2017
 
Title eMonocot Alismataceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Alismataceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Alismataceae systematists 
URL http://alismataceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Amaryllidaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Amaryllidaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Amaryllidaceae systematists 
URL http://amaryllidaceae.e-monocot.org
 
Title eMonocot Aponogetonaceae Scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Aponogetonaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Aponogetonaceae systematists 
URL http://aponogetonaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Araceae Scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content on Araceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Araceae systematists 
URL http://araceae.e-monocot.org
 
Title eMonocot Asparagaceae-Agavoideae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content for Asparagaceae-Agavoideae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Asparagaceae-Agavoideae systematists 
URL http://agavoideae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Asparagaceae-Lomandroideae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Asparagaceae-Lomandroideae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Asparagaceae-Lomandroideae systematists 
URL http://lomandroideae.e-monocot.org
 
Title eMonocot Asparagaceae-Nolinoideae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content on Asparagaceae-Nolinoideae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Asparagaceae-Nolinoideae systematists 
URL http://nolinoideae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Asparagaceae-Scilloideae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content on Asparagaceae-Scilloideae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Asparagaceae-Scilloideae systematists 
URL http://scilloideae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Cannaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content on Cannaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Cannaceae systematists 
URL http://cannaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Colchicaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Colchicaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Colchicaceae systematists 
URL http://colchicaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Commelinaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Commelinaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Commelinaceae systematists 
URL http://commelinaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Cyperaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content for Cyperaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Cyperaceae systematists 
URL http://cyperaceae.e-monocot.org
 
Title eMonocot Dioscoreaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Dioscoreaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Dioscoreaceae systematists 
URL http://dioscoreaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Eriocaulaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content for Eriocaulaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Eriocaulaceae systematists 
URL http://eriocaulaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Hypoxidaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Hypoxidaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Hypoxidaceae systematists 
URL http://hypoxidaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Iridaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Iridaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Iridaceae systematists 
URL http://iridaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Juncaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Juncaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Juncaceae systematists 
URL http://juncaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Juncaginaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content on Juncaginaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Juncaginaceae systematists 
URL http://juncaginaceae.myspecies.info/
 
Title eMonocot Liliaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Liliaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Liliaceae systematists 
URL http://liliaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Orchidaceae-Aeridinae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Orchidaceae-Aeridinae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Orchidaceae-Aeridinae systematists 
URL http://aeridinae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Orchidaceae-Cypripedioideae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Orchidaceae-Cypripedioideae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Orchidaceae-Cypripedioideae systematists 
URL http://cypripedioideae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Orchidaceae-Eulophiinae scracthpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Orchidaceae-Eulophiinae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Orchidaceae-Eulophiinae systematists 
URL http://eulophiinae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Orchidaceae-Orchideae scracthpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Orchidaceae-Orchideae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Orchidaceae-Orchideae systematists 
URL http://orchideae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Orders and families of Monocotyledons scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on monocot taxa above species rank and selected other datasets 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None known 
URL http://families.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Potamogetonaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital content on Potamogetonaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Potamogetonaceae systematists 
URL http://potamogetonaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Restionaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Restionaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Restionaceae systematists 
URL http://restionaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Smilacaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Smilacaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Smilacaceae systematists 
URL http://smilacaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Typhaceae scracthpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Typhaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Typhaceae systematists 
URL http://typhaceae.e-monocot.org
 
Title eMonocot Xanthorrhoeaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic data on Xanthorrhoeaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Xanthorrhoeaceae systematists 
URL http://xanthorrhoeaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Xyridaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Xyridaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Xyridaceae systematists 
URL http://xyridaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot Zingiberaceae scratchpad 
Description Source of digital taxonomic content on Zingiberaceae 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Online working environment for Zingiberaceae systematists 
URL http://zingiberaceae.e-monocot.org/
 
Title eMonocot portal 
Description Aggregation portal website aimed at biodiversity scientists. Presenting data on 277,033 taxon names and 84, 277 accepted taxa, 13,107 images, 32 identification keys and 44 phylogenetic trees. Taxon pages carry IUCN conservation status, molecular marker data from NCBI - National Center for Biotechnology Information and BOLD Systems - Barcode of Life Data Systems and distribution maps linked to GBIF - Global Biodiversity Information Facility specimen data. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Has enabled other web products e.g. Palmworld Being used to develop "big data" studies of monocot ecology and evolution Provided a model for large aggregation websites for biodiversity data e.g. Online World Flora 
URL http://emonocot.org/
 
Description Blog posts - 61 posts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Information about project shared and publicised

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013
URL http://about.e-monocot.org/blogs
 
Description Popular articles (4) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project publicised

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2013,2014
URL http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/features/story.aspx?id=1752
 
Description Public presentations: Lyme Regis Fossil Festival 2011 and 2012; Writhlington School Orchid Project (2011-13); public engagement series Nature Live at NHM, A Spoonful of Science at RBG, Kew. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion, interest in biodiversity informatics and use of/participation in eMonocot

Use of eMonocot portal and scratchpad websites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013
URL http://about.e-monocot.org/blogs/sarah-phillips
 
Description Scientific conference activity at 12 conferences 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Engagment with taxonomic producer communities and biodiversity science user communities

Content in scratchpads and use of the portal
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013
 
Description Tweets (266) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Information shared and project publicised

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014
URL http://emonocot.org/
 
Description Workshops (12 held) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Taxonomists enabled to use scratchpads and engaged with eTaxonomy and provision of datasets to a broader array of users more effectively..

Content submitted and aggregated in portal where it is presented to users in forms suitable for their needs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013
URL http://about.e-monocot.org/blogs