The evolution of modern marine ecosystems: environmental controls on their structure and function

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: School of Ocean and Earth Science


See text in lead RO submission (Plymouth)


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Description Main findings emerge as the full consortium share data (this grant collected environmental data supporting interpretations of biological information in other projects). However, the development and validation of a proxy measurement for field metabolic rate from fish otoliths is likely to be the main finding. Metabolic rate is central to understanding how individuals and popultions interact with the environment - and how they will respond to environmental change. Until now, there has been no reliable way of assessing field metabolic rate expressed by animals in the wild. we have developed and validated a way of measuring this retrospectively from the chemistry of otoliths
Exploitation Route we are building new research collaborations and applications based on expressed field metabolic rate in the context of environmental change
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment

Description The otolith metabolism proxy developed in this project has been further investigated as an extremely promising target for recovering metabolic rate information in both living but inaccessible fishes and in deep time. One paper has been published outlining the possibilities for deep time research (Trueman et al 2017, Phil Trans Roy Soc). The data were also used to construct a successful Marie Curie postdoctoral award for a PhD student in Southampton to travel to Aarhus. This work is now underway and is showing great promise. Finally the method developed underpins a NERC DTP PhD project representig a new collaboration between U Southampton and the Natural History Museum
First Year Of Impact 2014
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

Description Marie Curie postoctoral fellowship - awarded to MT Chung to wirk in Aarhus University
Amount € 0 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2018
Title otolith metabolic rate proxy 
Description Development and validation of a geochemical method to recover mass specific relative metabolic rate from carbon isotope measurements in fish otoliths 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact collaborations and grants in progress 
Description Aarhus university Peter Gronkjaer 
Organisation Aarhus University
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building on the metabolic rate proxy developed in our group by PhD student Shores, we obtained a Marie Curie research fellowship for Ming-Tsung Chung.
Collaborator Contribution The Aarhus group provided experimental materials and analytical equipment to establish direct calibrations between otolith d13C values and oxyge consumption rates
Impact papers in review
Start Year 2016
Description Cefas otolith 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Expertise in development and use of the otolith metabolic rate proxy
Collaborator Contribution expertise in fish ecology and access to a large archive of historic plaice otoliths
Impact None yet
Start Year 2018
Description NHM 
Organisation Natural History Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We bring expertise in use of the new otolith metabolic rate proxy and otolith analysis methods
Collaborator Contribution NHM provides expertise in phylogenetic analysis and evolutionary macroecology as well as access to museum collections
Impact Not yet
Start Year 2017