Soil Water - Climate Feedbacks in Europe in the 21st Century (SWELTER-21)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leicester
Department Name: Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Whilst computer predictions of future climate agree that rising concentrations of greenhouse gases will warm the earth's surface over the 21st century, there is less concensus concerning how this will affect the climate in a region such as Europe, in particular when considering changes in rainfall. Broadly speaking, northern Europe is likely to get wetter, particularly during the winter, and central and southern Europe are expected to experience drier and hotter summers. Although regional changes in rainfall are difficult to predict with confidence, these are critical features of a changed climate which decision makers need to plan for now. For example, the likelihood of the UK experiencing more frequent summer droughts in the future has implications for the planning and building of new reservoirs, for agriculture and for the maintenance of key habitats. Uncertainty in our predictions of the water cycle arises from inadequate representation of key processes in climate models. When considering the likelihood of future droughts, one key area is the relationship between the atmosphere and the land. During summer, soils dry, which in many parts of Europe limits evaporation of soil moisture into the atmosphere. When this happens, there is a change in the partition of solar energy absorbed by the land surface; less energy is used for evaporation and more is used to warm the atmosphere directly. This 'feedback' can affect the development of clouds and rainfall, especially the occurrence of local summertime storms which develop during the afternoon. Furthermore, when soil dries out over a large region, as happened for example across much of Western and Central Europe during 2003, the lack of land evaporation can affect much larger-scale weather systems. Warmer air temperatures are expected to produce notably drier soil conditions in the summers of the late 21st century through increased spring-time evaporation. As a result, we would expect the drier soils to start to feed back on the atmosphere earlier in the summer, and in more northerly regions which are currently wet. Our lack of detailed knowledge about how this feedback between soil wetness and precipitation operates provides one of the major uncertainties in predicting the likelihood of droughts in the coming decades. Studies have suggested that the drought of 2003 may have illustrated the shape of things to come, with dry spring soils implicated in the drought and associated heatwave which followed. This implies that future European summers could become more variable from year to year, as droughts become 'locked in' by favourable soil conditions. This project will use a state-of-the-art computer model of the land surface and atmosphere combined with new compilations of data obtained from satellites to improve our understanding of how soil wetness influences rainfall. We will use observations from periods of drought to see directly how temperatures rise as soil water declines. We will use this knowledge to better represent evaporation over land in the UK Met Office climate model. We will also examine where, within drought-affected regions, clouds and storms preferentially develop, over relatively wetter or drier landscapes. This will allow us to predict the conditions where dry soils suppress rainfall, thus prolonging drought. From our detailed observations we will evaluate and improve climate models and their representation of soil wetness feedbacks. These improvements will feed into new Met Office predictions of climate change for Europe. We would also expect to improve the Met Office capability to predict whether the forthcoming summer will be hot and dry, as these seasonal predictions use the same computer model. Any improvements in prediction on either time scale would have direct benefits for the UK economy.

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Ermida S (2017) Modelling directional effects on remotely sensed land surface temperature in Remote Sensing of Environment

 
Description This project is examining land surface-atmosphere feedbacks in the context of European droughts. As well models such as JULES and the Met Ofice climate models, we can also look at surface state with land surface temperature and soil moisture data from satellite. The use of quality, land surface temperature data is particularly innovative.
Exploitation Route Indirectly in climate change impacts Improvement of Met Office and other forecasting centre models.

Improvement of climate models
Sectors Environment

 
Description Very much increased awareness with UK land surface modelling community of the use of land surface temperatures. The Met Office are now placing considerable emphasis on this aspect of their models. The use of new satellite data for land surface temperature is leadign to a better understanding of the challenges of land surface temperatures for weather forecasting and environmental impacts
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Environment
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Invited Expert onto the GCOS-TOPC Panel
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description LSTM Mission Advisory Group
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Assessment of the potential use of high resolution Thermal Infra-Red (TIR) bands
Amount € 400,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000120368/17/NL/AF/hh 
Organisation ESA - ESTEC 
Sector Public
Country Netherlands
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2020
 
Description COPERNICUS SPACE COMPONENT VALIDATION FOR LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE, AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH AND WATER VAPOUR SENTINEL-3 PRODUCTS
Amount € 1,500,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2020 
End 12/2021
 
Description ESA CCI Land Surface Temperature
Amount € 1,745,720 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000123553/18/I-NB 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 05/2018 
End 10/2021
 
Description ESA Earth Observation Envelope Programme - Data User Element (GlobTemperature)
Amount € 332,995 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000xxx/13/I-AM 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 11/2013 
End 12/2017
 
Description ESA LSTM End-2-End Mission Performance Simulator (E2ES) Study
Amount € 250,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000125870/18/NL/LF 
Organisation ESA - ESTEC 
Sector Public
Country Netherlands
Start 11/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description ESA Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC)
Amount € 354,466 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000111836/14/I-LG 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 10/2018 
End 12/2021
 
Description EUMETSAT Visiting Scientist Scheme (Intercomparison of the CM SAF and GlobTemperature LST TCDR Project)
Amount € 21,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 04/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description Ground-Based Observations for validation (GBOV) of Copernicus Global Land Products
Amount € 172,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2017 
End 06/2021
 
Description Thermal InfraRed Imager Scientific sIMulation study (TIRI-SIM)
Amount € 90,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000117242/16/NL/FF/mc 
Organisation ESA - ESTEC 
Sector Public
Country Netherlands
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2017
 
Title Land Surface Temperature (LST) dataset from the (A)ATSR instruments 
Description Land Surface Temperature (LST) products from the Along-Track Scanning Radiometers (ATSRs) at Level-2 (swath) and Level-3 (gridded) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use of this dataset in multiple user applications 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info/
 
Title Land Surface Temperature (LST) datasets from the MODIS instruments 
Description Land Surface Temperature (LST) datasets from the MODIS instruments with uncertainties estimated from first principles 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use the dataset in investigative studies on data assimilation into NWP, and building relationships between land and air temperature to fill the gaps in the global air temperature coverage 
 
Title Land Surface Temperature Climate Data Record from ATSRs 
Description A first Climate Data Record (CDR) of Land Surface Temperature from the ATSR sensors 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact First publications in preparation Collaborations with other group in intercomparing the CDR with Air Temperature data records 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info
 
Title Land Surface Temperature from SLSTR 
Description Operational Land Surface Temperature from the SLSTR sensor 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Operational Sentinel dataset available to the wide user community via Copernicus 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info
 
Title Multi-sensor Merged Land Surface Temperature Dataset 
Description 3-hourly Multi-sensor GEO + LEO Merged Land Surface Temperature dataset to resolve the diurnal cycle on a global basis 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Exploitation of this dataset in first publications 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI)
Country Denmark 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation University of Bath
Department Department of Mathematical Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation University of Bern
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation University of Reading
Department Department of Meteorology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation ACRI-ST
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Estellus
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Portuguese Institute of Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA)
Country Portugal 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation University of Reading
Department Department of Meteorology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation ACRI-ST
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation ACRI-ST
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation Brockmann Consult
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation Swansea University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Title Multi-sensor Matchup Database for Surface Temperature 
Description Matchup Database for validating extracted satellite observations with in situ measurements, extracted satellite observations with simulated surface temperature, and intercomparsions between multiple instrument datasets 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact A key step in the processing chain of multi-sensor full archive Land Surface Temperature data products 
 
Description Formal Working Group on Land Surface Temperature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Forum for the data providers and users to come together to share knowledge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016