Lead Research Organisation: Bangor University
Department Name: Sch of Ocean Sciences


Detailed in the Lead Organization (University of Reading) proposal.


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Brannigan L (2013) Shear at the Base of the Oceanic Mixed Layer Generated by Wind Shear Alignment in Journal of Physical Oceanography

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Evans D (2018) Annual Cycle of Turbulent Dissipation Estimated from Seagliders in Geophysical Research Letters

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Lucas N (2019) Evolution of Oceanic Near-Surface Stratification in Response to an Autumn Storm in Journal of Physical Oceanography

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Rippeth T (2014) Measuring Turbulent Dissipation Using a Tethered ADCP in Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology

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Rumyantseva A (2015) Ocean nutrient pathways associated with the passage of a storm in Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Description Novel glider measurements of the surface mixed layer of the ocean which have led to the development of an improved parameterisation of surface mixed layer processes in the open ocean. A novel acoustic methodology for the measurement of turbulence timeseries from a moored instrument has been developed for use in the open ocean and has been applied to collect seasonal timeseries for the first time. These new measurements reveal that submeasoscale processes are not particularly important in the ocean surface mixed layer, away from strong lateral gradients, in the winter.
Exploitation Route to test model parameterisations of the ocean surface mixed layer. The new ADCP method for measuring turbulence from mooring in generally applicable anywhere in the ocean.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Environment

Description Yes. The new parameterisation for the evolution for the surface mixed layer of the ocean developed in this project is being implemented in Weather/ climate prediction models by the Met Office.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

Title Estimates of the rate of dissipation of turbulent kinetic using the ADCP structure function technique from an instrument suspended from a mooring 
Description A technique orginally developed in Bangor for measuring turbulence timeseries using (relatively inexpensive) off-the-shelf instrumentation fixed on the sea bed has now been successfully extended to (i) low energy environments (from a buoy suspended on a mooring line. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2007 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Now widely used by the marine renewables industry in site investigation and appraisal. 
Description Presentation of OSMOSIS observations to Challenger Soc UK Marine Science Conference by Natasha Lucas. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Conference presentaiton of new turbulence glider results.

Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
Description Visit to Uk Met Office 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact 2 seminars which were followed by discussion specifically focused on understanding which ocean processes need to be included/ better parameterised in weather/ climate forecast models.

further discussion/ collaborations planned.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014