Mitigating climate change impacts on India agriculture through improved Irrigation water Management

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: School of Water, Energy and Environment

Abstract

In this project, we propose to investigate the effects of climate change and variability on irrigation water security in India and to evaluate the effectiveness of better irrigation and water management strategies in mitigating any water shortage situation and so improve the productivity of the available water. To assess the impacts of climate change on the runoff and hence on groundwater recharge and inflows into rivers, canals and on-farm reservoir systems at the catchment scale, we will use the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) hydrological model, appropriately calibrated and validated, and a range of GCMs projections and emissions scenarios.

To better understand the impacts on irrigation water requirements at the farm scale, we propose to use an existing physically-based root water uptake model that will be further calibrated and tested using data that will be collected at experimental farms in four diverse climatic zones spread over the four Indian states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarapradesh and Uttarakhand. For future conditions, the calibrated model will be coupled with the SWAT model.

Given the assessed irrigation water requirements for the future, the adequacy of existing on-farm irrigation infrastructures- direct river abstractions, reservoirs and tube wells- will be assessed in terms of reliability, vulnerability, resilience and sustainability. We propose to develop better operational practices for the infrastructures- e.g. enhanced rule curves for reservoirs, conjunctive use of reservoirs, rivers, groundwater etc- that will temper the effect of water shortages or desynchronise water availability from rainfall on crop production. The project will involve collaboration between internationally-leading scientists at 3 Indian institutions (IIT-Roorkee; NIT-Kurukshetra; NIT, Hamirpur) and 2 UK Universities: Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (H-WU), Cranfield University (CU). It will build on an existing and thriving collaboration between the H-WU team and the team at the IIT-Roorkee. We will work with stakeholders in India (farmers, regional and regional to national policymakers) and leading UK irrigation practitioners. The project will last for 48 months and comprise four work packages as follows:

WP 1- Impacts and uncertainty, of climate change on water resources availability for agriculture in India: This WP aims to understand climate change impacts on water availability and to identify thresholds in catchment/aquifer-scale runoff, groundwater recharge and responses (led by CU).
WP 2- Impacts of shifting temporal and spatial rainfall patterns on crop-soil moisture regimes and potential irrigation demand, and associated field experimentation: The effects of the changing temperature and rainfall patterns on farm-scale soil moisture and hence future irrigation water requirements with be assessed with IIT-R physically-based root water uptake model, which will be further calibrated and validated against observed crop yields and soil moisture data from dedicated field experiments at 4 sites across 4 Indian states (Led by IIT-R).
WP 3- Understanding the potential of robust irrigation water management practices and systems to reduce the impacts of future water scarcity: The effectiveness of on-farm infrastructures will be assessed for their reliability, vulnerability resilience and sustainability to deliver irrigation water needs for existing and climate-change conditions. Better operational practices- irrigation water scheduling; rule and operating policies for on-farm reservoirs; conjunctive use and artificial recharge- that are robust to the uncertainties in the climate change predictions will be developed and evaluated (Led by H-WU)
WP 4- Stakeholder engagement and dissemination: A broad range of contextually-appropriate engagement and dissemination activities will be co-ordinated by IIT-Roorkee throughout the project duration, to maximise stakeholder buy-in (Joint UK/Indian led).

Planned Impact

In this project, our research will inform how food security can be sustained or enhanced when faced with dwindling and/or less reliable water availability resulting from the changing water cycle. At the strategic level, a wide range of organisations with responsibility for policy and practice in relation to water and natural resources, rural development and food security will benefit. These include the National and State Ministries of Agriculture, Rural Development, Earth Sciences, Environment and Forest (national). All this will ensure that our activities complement and contribute to the overarching Impact and Knowledge Exchange plan of the Changing Water Cycle.
The ultimate beneficiaries are small scale, rural Indian farmers who depend on rainfed and irrigated agriculture for their livelihoods, for whom the research will contribute towards improved practices of water management and sustainable irrigation production that are more resilient to climate variability and change.
Users involved in research to improve our understanding of how climate change interacts with the global to regional water cycle, and the consequent impacts affecting humankind and ecosystems will also benefit from the research outcomes. Given that water resource systems are fundamental to the delivery and maintenance of many ecosystem goods and services including Provisioning (food and freshwater), Regulating (water purification), Cultural (aesthetic, recreational) services upon which society and the environment depend, the proposal will have benefit to a wide range of researchers and practitioners involved in understanding many diverse areas of ecosystem goods and services, e.g. groundwater and surface water modelling, rural development, aquatic ecology, surface water quality etc.
A number of activities will be staged in order to achieve these impacts, including:
(1)Network development- participating research institutions in India will profit from enhanced technical capacities through close working relations with their UK counterparts while the UK researchers benefit through new knowledge gained from interactions with their Indian counterparts;
(2)Stakeholder engagement through creation of a multi-stakeholder platform that will link the research team and key end users in India and act as a focal point for a range of outreach and networking activities. The purpose of this is to allow user groups to articulate their needs and priorities, contribute to the research design and implementation;
(3)Workshops- we will carry out 2 workshops with farmer organizations, central and state government irrigation agencies and agricultural extension advisers at the start and end of the project. These will provide valuable opportunities for two-way learning, allowing improved understanding of climate change impact and the need to improve irrigation practices and to ensure that the research produces contextually-relevant results to maximise impact;
(4)Site visits- We propose a 5 day UK study visit for representatives of the extension services in the State Department of Agriculture in our 4 states and research collaborators, featuring a workshop and site visits to commercial irrigated agriculture facilities mainly in Eastern England. The workshop will be designed and led by RTCS Ltd, a research, training and consultancy services outfit specialising in all aspects of irrigation advice and training;
(5)Publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentation at learned conferences; and (6)website- dedicated websites will be developed on each of Heriot-Watt, Cranfied and IIT-R central websites on which outputs from the project will be mounted. This will be enhanced by seeking and obtaining approval for weblinks, e.g. CGIAR, ICARDA, UNESCO, IIED and IAHS, to the project's webpages to increase potential site visitors. Summary outputs will be disseminated to the UNESCO-IHP GRAPHIC, IAH Commission on Groundwater & Climate Change, IAHS Commission on water resources.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description Part of the MICCI study evaluated how the choice of widely available gridded global precipitation data sets and reference evapotranspiration (ETo) equations affects simulated climate change impacts and the implications for adaptation planning. Six combinations of baseline precipitation datasets (the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and the Asian Precipitation - Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation of Water Resources (APHRODITE)) and ETo equations of differing complexity and data requirements (Penman-Monteith, Hargreaves -Samani and Priestley - Taylor) were used to set up a catchment hydrological model, with each model version fitted to observed river discharge data. Although the six validated hydrological models had similar ability to reproduce the historical river discharge, results demonstrated significant differences the models' simulated responses to changes in future annual precipitation and temperature. A second paper looked at the consequences of different model set-ups and assumptions regarding uncertain current and future permanent snow/ice and glacier reserves for the projected impacts of climate change. The results from both papers showed that the subjective data choices made in model construction significantly condition the magnitude of simulated hydrological impacts of climate change, with important implications for impact study design.

Himalayan river flows are supported by seasonal snow/ice melt, especially in the dry season. The Northern India region is expected to experience significant climate change, with the latest IPCC scenarios suggesting annual temperature increases of up to 8oC by 2100 in the region. This will affect future seasonal snow accumulation and melting, river flows and water resources for irrigation and hydropower, with significant consequences for the region's economic development. Hydrological modelling results from MICCI show that the consequences of such climate change are time dependent. In the medium term, most climate change scenarios lead to increased river flows and water resource availability as water is released from storage as the snowfield and glacier extent reduce. This will reduce some climate change impacts and potentially giving a false impression of declining water resource vulnerability. However, in the longer term, the significant reduction in permanent snowfield and glacier extent will lead to reduced flows and water availability under most climate change scenarios with significant detrimental impacts on irrigation, hydropower and riverine ecosystems. These findings provide valuable insights in how to manage future water resources availability to support economic development and societal welfare in the region

India has ambitious bioenergy targets as part of climate mitigation actions involving biofuels and energy from biomass. Part of the MICCI investigated the opportunities, constraints and co-benefits for the Indian biomass and bioenergy sectors in achieving this growth and the consequent impacts on the landscape and water resources. An expert elicitation survey using semi-structured questionnaire was carried out, with interviews with 77 representatives from the Indian bioenergy industry, bioenergy/biomass experts and biomass producers. The results showed very different levels of development of the various bioenergy sectors, with land and feedstock availability (partly due to ineffective biomass supply chains and underutilization of existing crop-residues) and immature technologies being major constraints. Although respondents reported important co-benefits from energy cropping (rural employment, mitigation and energy security), there were also significant concerns of impacts on food security. Modelling demonstrated that landuse conversion of non-agricultural land for biomass would have minor impacts on water resources, but could significantly increase soil erosion and sediment transport with important implications for reservoir storage. Such systemic understanding needs to be included to ensure that economic development plans in India do not lead to unintended impacts that either reduce the positive benefits or which lead to long term disbenefits to Indian society.

Given the likely impacts of climate change on water resources and water users in this region, it will become increasingly important for India to implement adaptation responses to reduce impacts and exploit any opportunities. Research within the MICCI project at national and State (Himachal Pradesh) scales has demonstrated the complex relationships both within and between institutions involved in water management. These lead to complex and interdependent barriers and enablers for adaptation. The research has showed how approaching adaptation barriers as a system of contextually interconnected cultural, systemic, geographical and political underlying factors enriches the understanding of adaptation enablers, thereby contributing to achieving a better adapted society to the benefit of Indian society.
Exploitation Route The award has successfully engaged throughout the project with a broad range of stakeholders from the hydro-electric, agricultural and bioenergy sectors to communicate research findings. Our calibrated and validated rainfall-runoff model for the Beas Basin is available and can be used by others interested in further hydrological investigations in the Basin or elsewhere. The HYSIM model is very parsimonious in terms of its data requirements and the fact that we have been able to demonstrate its high efficiency in the catchment should engender confidence in its use for future hydrological investigations
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment

URL https://web.sbe.hw.ac.uk/sites/micci/
 
Description Findings from the award were presented at stakeholder workshops attended by representatives of State Agricultural Extension Services, State Irrigation Department; the Bakra-Beas Management Board (responsible for the management and operation of the hydropower and irrigation reservoirs); local farmers and the President of the All India Farmers Association. The latter two affirmed the project's findings on crop yield impacts of climate change and the potential farm-level adaptation options. Given their endorsement, project results (in Hindi) were provided to the All India Farmers Association to be disseminated to their members and to inform their discussions with state and union government. Subsequently, the All India Farmers Association and the Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (who are the majority shareholder in the BBMB) supported a follow-on proposal from the consortium members as Project Partners which was successful, demonstrating their recognition of the value of the research to their organisation.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description ArcSWAT technical support
Amount £6,510 (GBP)
Organisation University of Brighton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 04/2016
 
Description Directed-International (TaSE)
Amount £243,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S01232X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Description Newton Fund
Amount £51,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/I022329/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 06/2015
 
Description Sustaining Himalayan Water Resources in a Changing Climate (SusHi-Wat)
Amount £371,070 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N015541/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 04/2020
 
Title HySim inputs and output files for Beas catchment 
Description Supporting data for "Effect of Baseline Snow-Pack Assumptions in the HySIM Model in Predicting Future Hydrological Behavior of a Himalayan Catchment" by Renji Remesan, Sazeda Begam and Ian Holman In Press in Hydrological Research. Two sets of files are provided: 1) HySim baseline input files of daily temperature (.tpt), daily potential evapotranspiration (.dpe), daily catchment average rainfall (.crf), daily recorded mean discharge (.dfl) and model parameters (.par) 2) csv files of HySim daily simulated discharge at the catchment outlet for the two model assumptions (1 and 2) and two scenarios (medium and long term) for different annual temperature and precipitation change factors. Together with a synthesis file of the Q10 and Q90 outputs used to derive the paper's Impact Response Surface plots 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in published papers 
URL https://cranfield.figshare.com/articles/HySim_inputs_and_outputs_for_Beas_catchment/6969836/1
 
Description Application to India-UK Water Centre's Open Call for hosting a Workshop 
Organisation National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We contributed to a joint proposal, leading on the financial aspects, to this call to host a joint workshop on "Decision Support System for Integrated Fresh Water Management"
Collaborator Contribution They led the writing of the workshop content in the proposal
Impact Unfortunately our proposal was not selected for funding - however, we expect the collaboration to continue. Indeed NIH Roorkee requested a costed residential shortcourse proposal on "Hydrological modelling and data" in late 2017, for which we are awaiting a decision
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with British Antarctic Survey- Grant application to the Newton-Bhabha funding 
Organisation British Antarctic Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Initiated contact with atmospheric modelling group at BAS, following from initial high-level contact gained from attendance at NERC meeting. Led to BAS joining UK-India consortium bidding to NERC directed call. This new research collaboration application, in response to the Newton-Bhabha funding initiative by UK-NERC and India-MoES, proposed a research project to investigate the development of tools and management practices for the sustainability of Himalayan water resources in a changing climate. The application was successful and officially commenced in 2016. Cranfield co-lead the hydrological modelling and remote sensing, and the development of the water resource systems model.
Collaborator Contribution BAS brought atmospheric modelling expertise to consortium and proposal writing
Impact The collaboration has led to the successful award of SusHi-Wat, a multi-disciplinary involving hydrologists, water resources engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, climate modellers, glacial and agricultural specialists.
Start Year 2015
 
Description IISc Bangalore 
Organisation Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Led to IISc Bangalore joining UK-India consortium bidding to NERC directed call. This new research collaboration application, in response to the Newton-Bhabha funding initiative by UK-NERC and India-MoES, proposed a research project to investigate the development of tools and management practices for the sustainability of Himalayan water resources in a changing climate. The application was successful and officially commenced in 2016. Cranfield co-lead the hydrological modelling and remote sensing, and the development of the water resource systems model. IISc Divecha Centre hosted a visit by Momblanch in 2019 to work on improved glacier algorithms with the WEAP model and the writing of a joint paper
Collaborator Contribution They provided the methodological approach to specific work packages of the proposal (particularly focussed on glaciers) and are now co-leading the implementation of these work programmes. Provided state-of-the-art understanding of glacier dynamics to inform WEAP model development
Impact The collaboration has led to the successful award of SusHi-Wat, a multi-disciplinary involving hydrologists, water resources engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, climate modellers, glacial and agricultural specialists.
Start Year 2015
 
Description India-UK Water Centre's Open Call for Researcher Exchanges 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Jointly wrote exchange proposal to deliver joint research activities and manuscript
Collaborator Contribution Jointly wrote exchange proposal to deliver joint research activities and manuscript
Impact This researcher exchange was awarded funding - the focus is on utilising our knowledge of integrating ecosystem services and hydrological modelling with Indian hydrological . Cranfield hosted Dr Sumit Sen for a study visit in 2017, and Dr Andrea Momblanch is shortly (March 2018) to visit Dr Sen in IIT Roorkee to continue the collaboration
Start Year 2017
 
Description Invitation to Leeds University GCRF Hub consortium 
Organisation Anglia Ruskin University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Core team member of the Leeds University led GCRF Hub proposal on managing extreme hydrometeorological events in the Himalayan region. Contributed to the agricultural modelling and adaptive capacity components of the proposal (worth (£612K @ 100% FEC), building on Sushi-Wat and MICCI activity in the region. Unfortunately proposal was not funded
Collaborator Contribution Developed consortium; hosting consortium proposal writing meeting; writing GCRF Hub proposal
Impact Proposal was not funded, so no outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description Invitation to Leeds University GCRF Hub consortium 
Organisation British Antarctic Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Core team member of the Leeds University led GCRF Hub proposal on managing extreme hydrometeorological events in the Himalayan region. Contributed to the agricultural modelling and adaptive capacity components of the proposal (worth (£612K @ 100% FEC), building on Sushi-Wat and MICCI activity in the region. Unfortunately proposal was not funded
Collaborator Contribution Developed consortium; hosting consortium proposal writing meeting; writing GCRF Hub proposal
Impact Proposal was not funded, so no outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description Invitation to Leeds University GCRF Hub consortium 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Core team member of the Leeds University led GCRF Hub proposal on managing extreme hydrometeorological events in the Himalayan region. Contributed to the agricultural modelling and adaptive capacity components of the proposal (worth (£612K @ 100% FEC), building on Sushi-Wat and MICCI activity in the region. Unfortunately proposal was not funded
Collaborator Contribution Developed consortium; hosting consortium proposal writing meeting; writing GCRF Hub proposal
Impact Proposal was not funded, so no outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description NIH-Roorkee: Grant application to the Newton-Bhabha funding 
Organisation National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This new research collaboration application, in response to the Newton-Bhabha funding initiative by UK-NERC and India-MoES, proposed a research project to investigate the development of tools and management practices for the sustainability of Himalayan water resources in a changing climate.. Cranfield co-lead the hydrological modelling activities and the development of the water resources systems model.
Collaborator Contribution They provided the methodological approach to specific work packages of the proposal, particularly focussed on the hydrological modelling, and are now co-leading the implementation of these work programmes
Impact The collaboration has led to the successful award of SusHi-Wat, a multi-disciplinary involving hydrologists, water resources engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, climate modellers, glacial and agricultural specialists. Our collaboration has generated two pee-reviewed publications, with another currently undergoing review.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Rare events and extreme flood predictions: An Application of Monte Carlo based Statistical Blockade 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A new collaboration with the University of Bristol which has resulted in a joint submission of a paper to the AISB2013 Symposium on" Machine Learning in Water Systems",Centre for Water Systems, University of Exeter, UK
Start Year 2012
 
Description AGU conference presentation (San Francisco) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation at American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (December 2013) in session GC010 (Understanding and quantifying changes in the water cycle). Large number of participants viewed the poster during the 4 hour session, and detailed discussions were had with 10-15.

Connection made with field researcher in study catchment
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BHS Peter Wolf presentataion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion; networking with early career researchers and improved networks

Discussions sparked idea for research proposal application
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Hydrological Society National Symposium 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Around 70 senior researchers to PhD students attended presentation which generated questions and discussion

None noted at time
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Changing Water Cycle Finale networking reception at Westminster 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Networking event hosted by the NERC Changing Water Cycle programme at Church House, Westminster, to highlight science insights from the programme to policymakers. Presentations and questions generated an increased awareness of the Programme outputs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description India Water Week 2015 presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on "Climate Change Adaptation through Institutional Involvement for Water Management in India" to stakeholders as part of India Water Week 2015 held on January 17, 2017 at Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, organised by the Irrigation & Public Health Department. District Magistrate was the Chief Guest and the participants consisted of mostly engineers from the Irrigation & Public Health Department as well as officials from other water related departments like the Central Ground Water Board, Forest, Agriculture, etc. Generated discussion and increased practioner awareness of NERC-MoES project

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Indian stakeholder presentation (Roorkee, March 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation generated discussion from audience- President of the Regional Farmers Association(Uttar Pradesh - UP); Vice President of the Regional Farmers Association (UP); General Secretary of the Farmers Association (Uttarakhand); President of the Farmers Association (Haridwar); members of the local Farmers Associations; Members of the Executive Committee of the Regional Farmers Association; Regional Secretary of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (Political Party Of India)
Stakeholder-affirmation of model results

Invitation to give additional project presentation from Regional Farmers Association's President's
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Interviews with Indian bioenergy stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Transcribed interviews with 79 Indian government officials, researchers and business people to assess current state of bioenergy sector and barriers to future growth.
Outcomes were requests for research summaries (sent) and invitations to present research findings at Kerala Agricultural University, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy (SSS-NIRE) and Indian Agricultural Research Institute

Increased awareness of NERC-MoES and Newton Fund activity;
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited SOAS discussant 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited discussant at SOAS University of London workshop on "Groundwater and climate change - multi-level law and policy perspectives", focussed on providing critical feedback to Special Issue journal articles being produced as part of the partnership on "Climate Change and Groundwater Management: An Indian Law and Society Comparative Study" anchored at the Law, Environment and Development Centre (LEDC), SOAS and the National Law University Delhi (NLUD).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited talks at Indian Institutions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talks to present research findings given at Kerala Agricultural University, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy (an autonomous Institution of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy) and the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (part of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research),
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Participation at Changing Water Cycle Annual Meeting 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Oral and poster presentations of research results to Changing Water Cycle programme participants leading to discussion and feedback

Valuable discussion of climate change adaptation networks in India
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentations at EGU 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation poster presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Generated methodological discussion

Increased project awareness
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Water Sciences Pop-Ups session at AGU 2014 Fall Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on enhancing hydrological data collection networks and inspiring research and appreciation of the value of water in low income countries through school education generated questions and discussions from student audience

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation on "Multi-scale adaptation barriers within Indian water management institutions" at AdaptationFutures 2018 in Cape Town 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation on "Multi-scale adaptation barriers within Indian water management institutions" at AdaptationFutures 2018 in Cape Town. Poster generated discussion with delegates on the importance of identifying and understanding barriers in order to transition adaptation from theory to practice
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentations at American Geophysical Union 2014 Fall Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Three separate poster presentations on different aspects of MICCI project (climate change impacts on hydrology; adaptation in Indian agriculture; adaptation and Indian institutional networks) - presentations generated significant discussion

Increased awareness of some of the novel methodological aspects of the research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentations to Indian academic Institutes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Webinar presentations of research findings to IIT Bhubaneswar (December 2015), IIT Kharagpur (Nov 2015) and IIT Delhi (Jan 2016) to promote awareness of research outcomes. The speaker, Dr Remesan, was offered a visiting faculty position at IIT Bhubaneswar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description University visit by VC of the Gauhati University in Assam, India 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of collaboration opportunities for research and post-graduate education in area of water and sanitation with Gauhati University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit of Indian delegation to study UK irrigated agriculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit by selected Indian stakeholders to discuss adaptation to climate change impacts within irrigated agriculture and water resources management; and to promote best-practice

Increased understanding of the benefits of improved irrigation management
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Webinar to NIT Calicut staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Approximately 20 staff members at NIT Calicut attended this webinar training session on the use of SWAT catchment model

Increased awareness of UK technical expertise in SWAT modelling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013