Niche Evolution of South American Trees and its Consequences

Lead Research Organisation: Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh
Department Name: Tropical Biology

Abstract

Summary (for general audience, 4000 characters)

Tropical plant communities are famed for their high diversity but we still have little knowledge about the evolutionary processes that have created wide differences in the composition and species richness of different kinds of tropical ecosystem. Understanding these processes is of fundamental and practical importance - for example, planning conservation strategies increasingly uses information on evolutionary relationships as part of prioritising decisions about individual species. However, for tropical plants communities, sufficiently large datasets based on DNA sequences are only just beginning to reveal the evolutionary relationships between species. As a result, the implications of threats, either through land-use or climate change, for the conservation of the evolutionary history of these communities remains almost entirely unknown.

Our research will take advantage of impressive existing data of tree inventories, covering more than 1000 sites in three major biomes in tropical South America: rain forests, dry forests and savannas. We will link these data with new information on the evolutionary relationships of all genera, and all species of the legume family, which is dominant in all three biomes, using DNA sequence data. A genus-level evolutionary tree will allow us to make analyses deep into evolutionary time, whereas a species-level legume tree will give a view of recent evolution. We will investigate how many times lineages of trees have switched between the different biomes, which will deliver important knowledge for conservation and future studies of evolutionary diversification. If lineages have rarely switched between biomes, then each biome will contain a distinct subset of evolutionary diversity, and destruction of a single biome could wipe out an entire part of evolutionary history.
Such scenarios of the destruction of an entire biome are not unlikely. One important aspect of this proposal is that it will not focus solely on the rain forests of the Amazon Basin, but will also consider the forgotten biomes of tree-dominated savannas and tropical dry forests. These formations deserve greater attention from scientists and conservationists because they are species-rich, and have suffered greater destruction - more than 70% of the original two million km2 of the Brazilian savannas have been destroyed, whereas c. 70% of Amazonia is intact. Tropical dry forests, of which less than 5% remain in many areas, are the most threatened tropical forest type in the world. We believe our research will highlight the importance and plight of tropical dry forests and savannas, characterised by many decision makers and commentators as worthless - fair game for destruction if this might save rain forest areas - exemplified by a recent leader in the Economist magazine (28.08.2010; Brazil's agricultural miracle: Plant the plains, save the forests; http://www.economist.com/node/16889019).

In addition to biome switching, we will also investigate how adaptations to specific climatic and soil conditions have changed during evolution in these groups. This work will enable us to understand the processes driving the biome shifts we observe. In addition, these analyses may help to understand how climate change will affect communities: for example, if changes in climatic preferences of species have occurred infrequently related species will tend to have similar climatic niches, and whole groups of related species might be vulnerable to extinction from particular trajectories of climate change.

The final stage of our study will examine the implications for loss of evolutionary diversity in different biomes under projected scenarios of climate and land-use change. Our results will be of relevance to conservation planning by national government agencies in South America and international organisations, such as the WWF, involved in setting priorities for tropical conservation.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from this research?

National government agencies (e.g., Ministerio del Ambiente and Ministerio de Agricultura, Peru), national NGOs (e.g., Fundacion Amigos de la Naturaleza - FAN (Bolivia), Amazon Conservation Association - ACA (Peru)) and international organisations (e.g., Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) and Conservation International) involved in setting priorities for conservation of tropical ecosystems at a variety of scales.

Members of the general public both in the UK and internationally will benefit from a wider understanding of the diversity of tropical vegetation and the distinct threats faced by different biomes. The base of the project at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh will offer considerable opportunities to reach this wider audience.

Young scientists in Peru and Brazil will benefit from training designed to build capacity in biodiversity science.

How will they benefit from this research?

Our research will be of relevance to international organisations and government agencies involved in conservation in the tropics because the evolutionary diversity in ecosystems is an acknowledged important consideration in times of global change. Our research therefore has the potential to influence the perception of the biological value of different major tropical biomes in South America by providing insight into the distribution of evolutionary diversity between different areas of rain forests, seasonally dry forests and savannas.

If the full spectrum of tropical biodiversity is to be conserved, it is important to shift, in part, public focus from rain forests, and to highlight the particular biodiversity of other biomes such as savannas and tropical dry forests. In South America, savannas such as the Brazilian cerrado and dry forests are far more threatened than the Amazon rain forest, but few people outside the region have even heard of them. Our public outreach will redress this balance and highlight the plight and importance of these forgotten formations.

Young scientists in Peru and Brazil will benefit from capacity-building in biodiversity inventory and laboratory research by participation in field, herbarium and laboratory work. We aim to teach students from these countries skills relevant to biodiversity conservation in the 21st century, including vegetation inventory, taxonomic identification and molecular systematics.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description 1. Integration of plot and community data from seasonally dry tropical forest (SDTF), savanna and rain forest in South America

We have compiled a dataset based upon inventories covering 2300 sites across SDTF, savanna and rain forest biomes in South America, of which 900 sites have quantitative plot-based abundance data. This includes establishing 9 new 0.5Ha permanent plots in SDTF across Peru. Our fieldwork across Peru, Bolivia and Brazil has generated 2,603 herbarium vouchers with associated silica-gel dried leaf samples for DNA extraction, mostly of the legume family (Leguminosae), which is the focus of our evolutionary research. By collaboration with our extensive network of project partners we accumulated a total of 5,023 silica-gel dried leaf samples that will be archived in the RBGE collection. We have synthesised taxonomic determinations across our plot database with focus on legumes. Part of this taxonomic standardisation has included re-design of the ForestPlots.net database to incorporate photos of herbarium vouchers and more extensive taxonomic information.

2. Quantification of climatic and edaphic niches

Quantification of climatic niches for all our sites is relatively straightforward using remote-sensed and interpolation-based data layers. What has been lacking is data for key soil variables, especially in non-rain forest biomes, which may hold the key to understanding the control of floristic composition. During fieldwork we collected 204 soil samples from inventory sites in diverse biomes, which have been analysed for total P, N, exchangeable Al, K, Mg, Ca. For central Brazilian savannas we have also organised unpublished data held at RBGE for 50 sites and have access to data from a further 77 sites from collaborators in Brazil. In total, including RAINFOR sites for which soil data were already available, we have soil data to enable analyses of the evolution of edaphic niches for 506 sites.

3. Reconstruction of evolutionary relationships of angiosperm genera and legume species

We have generated a phylogeny (evolutionary tree) based upon chloroplast matK and rbcL DNA sequences that covers 1121 of 1235 tree genera found in our plot database. This angiosperm-wide phylogeny has been dated using fossil constraints and has already been used in our study of phylogenetic diversity across the Amazon (Honorio et al., 2015). We have DNA sequence data from our own new sequences and from Genbank for 931 of 1452 legume tree species found in our plots, which are being used to construct our legume phylogeny. Our new sequence data are being used by the Legume Phylogeny Working Group to generate the most comprehensive global legume phylogeny to date, which will cover c. 5000 species.

We are confident of meeting all six objectives laid out in the proposal. We have to date met our first three objectives (1. integration of plot and community survey data across biomes; 2. quantification of climatic and edaphic niches; 3. reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships of angiosperm genera and legume species).

We are currently working on analyses that will lead to publications addressing objectives 4 to 6 of our proposal: 4. Evaluating frequency of biome shifts across lineages and through evolutionary time in South America; 5. Assessing the importance of climatic and edaphic niche evolution; 6) Estimation of the loss of phylogenetic diversity caused by climate and land-use change.
Exploitation Route Our work has highlighted the need to develop a better network of quantitative forest inventory plots in Latin American dry biomes to monitor biodiversity, carbon stock, carbon balance, tree growth, and tree mortality beyond rain forests, and into tropical dry forests. This was a conclusion of a conference that we organised in Brazil in 2015 (Beyond the Amazon: conservation and biodiversity of dry biomes); most of the data we have for sites outside of Amazonia come from floristic lists). We are addressing this in a NERC-CONFAP Brazil Newton Fund grant (NE/N000587/1; 2015-17) and a NERC FAPESP Newton Fund grant (NE/N01247X/1), which build directly on our project. These Newton grants are reaching out to Brazilian researchers who have established monitoring plots in dry biomes, with the goal that they may store their data in the ForestPlots.net database hosted by the University of Leeds, and that they may wish to join UK-led forest monitoring efforts in Latin America. They are therefore helping to consolidate the ForestPlots system as a leading global resource for plot data of all the world's tropical forests and is helping to expand the RAINFOR network beyond the Amazon.

Our work has also highlighted that there is much to be gained by closer collaboration in future between ecologists, evolutionary biologists and systematists working in tropical forests via mutual studies in long-term permanent inventory plots and we are working to encourage such interdisciplinary work. This was the theme of a symposium organised by PIs Pennington and Baker in Oxford in 2015, which gathered together taxonomists, ecologists and evolutionary biologists. The key theme to emerge, which is discussed in a paper published in Trends in Ecology and Evolution, is the precise taxonomic identifications of species, especially rare ones, holds the key to: (i) increasing the pace of species discovery in tropical forests; (ii) understanding spatial and temporal patterns of beta diversity; (iii) linking trait databases, plot data and vegetation models to understand the resilience of tropical forests to environmental change; (iv) understanding how ecology has influenced evolutionary history.
Sectors Environment

 
Description The plots from dry forest that were established as a result of this project are now helping to inform conservation policy in South America. Plot data from dry forest that we manage has contributed to the proposal of the new protected area of dry forest - a regional conservation area of 13,929 ha - in the Marañón valley in northern Peru. Our data was used to highlight the worldwide uniqueness of the tree composition of these forests, and therefore their significance as a conservation priority.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Environment
Impact Types Societal

 
Description BioResilience: Biodiversity resilience and ecosystem services in post-conflict socio-ecological systems in Colombia
Amount £1,117,675 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R017980/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 07/2021
 
Description Brazilian PhD scholarship
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2017
 
Description Brazilian PhD scholarship
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 04/2015 
End 04/2019
 
Description Brazilian PhD scholarship
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 09/2014 
End 09/2017
 
Description FAPESP - Restoring Neotropical dry ecosystems - is plant functional composition the key to success?
Amount £669,278 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S000011/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2022
 
Description Leverhulme Research Fellowship
Amount £49,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2015 
End 06/2017
 
Description Mohamed Bin Zayed Species Conservation Grant
Amount £9,800 (GBP)
Organisation Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Arab Emirates
Start 08/2012 
End 08/2014
 
Description Newton Fund
Amount £81,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2016
 
Description Newton Fund Regional Latin America Biodiversity Programme
Amount £63,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2018 
End 07/2018
 
Description Newton Fund Travel Award
Amount R$ 2,500 (BRL)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 04/2016
 
Description Newton Fund Travel Award
Amount R$ 6,450 (BRL)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Description PCI-BEV Travel Award
Amount R$ 23,558 (BRL)
Funding ID 170082/2017-2 
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 08/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description RBG Kew Pilot Fund
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 06/2016
 
Description Standard Grant
Amount R$ 130,000 (BRL)
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 08/2017 
End 11/2018
 
Description UK NERC - Brazil FAPESB Newton Fund
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N01247X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 04/2019
 
Title ForestPlots.net - unlocking the power of forest inventory data 
Description As part of our NERC funded research, we have re-designed access to the database that underlies the RAINFOR project (www.rainfor.org) - a large, collaborative project to understand the structure and composition of Amazonian forests. This database comprises a large amount of data on the location, identity and size of stems in hundreds of forest plots across Amazonia. Previously, the database did not allow you to compare and standardise botanical identifications, and access to the data was difficult, requiring the writing of sql code. The database now incorporates photos of herbarium vouchers and extensive taxonomic information, and further, the data can be accessed in a straightforward online GUI interface. This is facilitating the standardization of taxonomic names across the RAINFOR network as new data comes in from numerous RAINFOR collaborators (>100), and allowing rapid - and accurate - analyses of the structure, dynamics and composition of these ecosystems. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We are currently standardising the botanical identifications of a network of plots in some of the most diverse forests in the world - in the northern Peruvian Amazon - using the developments funded by this project. As a result, for the first time we can track accurately changes in diversity over space and time, opening up the possibility of addressing fundamental questions about the processes that determine the composition of these remarkable forests, and how they might be affected by environmental change. 
URL http://www.forestplots.net
 
Description Research permits for Brazil 
Organisation Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have negotiated the complex process of gaining research permission to work in Brazil. This first involved agreeing a formal Memorandum of Understanding between the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh and the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (Brazil's foremost botanical garden, where project collaborator Dr Haroldo de Lima is based). This Memorandum was signed in January 2012 at the opening project planning workshop at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. We then worked closely with Dr de Lima to develop our field itinerary for Brazil, which will involve visiting established forest inventory sites right across the country in Amazonia, northeast, central, eastern and southern Brazil.
Collaborator Contribution The Brazilian team had to negotiate, for every area we wished to visit, agreements with local researchers with whom we will collaborate, and who will facilitate local logistics. These include Luciano Queiroz, Haroldo de Lima, Ary Oliveira Filho, João Ignacio, Marcelo Simon, Beatriz and Ben Hur Marimon, Flavia Costa, Niro Higuchi, Marcelo Nascimento, and Danilo Neves. In order to gain the permission from the Brazilian government, we had to submit full details of the entire itinerary, plus all participants (~20, foreign and Brazilian).
Impact This research permission is fundamental to all aspects of this research project as it grants permission to colelct plant and soil specimens
Start Year 2011
 
Description Research permits for Brazil (renewal) 
Organisation Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Our initial permission to carry out field research in Brazil expired after 12 months, and in order to complete the field element of our research, we needed to renew the permission. The role of the UK team was the determine the areas in Brazil that we were still required to visit.
Collaborator Contribution The main project partner in Rio, Haroldo de Lima, assisted by project postdoc Danilo Neves, has to prepare a report on our field research in Brazil, in addition to the paperwork for the permission extension. They had to respond to reviewer comments on the report before the new permission was granted.
Impact All outcomes of our research depend on this permission as it underlies the ability to collect plant and soil samples in Brazil
Start Year 2014
 
Description Taught course in community phylogenetics 
Organisation Federal University of Lavras
PI Contribution 5-day course taught by Dr Danilo Neves (ex-NERC funded post doc, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh), attended by MSc, PhD students plus researchers from the local university (UFLA).
Collaborator Contribution Provided all required facilities.
Impact Students and researchers using techniques taught in their research.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Taught course in species distribution modelling, Universidade Estadual Norte Fluminense 
Organisation State University of Northern Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 3 day course taught by Dr Danilo Neves (ex-NERC funded post doc, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh) and Dr Marcelo Bueno (spent one year training at RBGE during PhD), attended by MSc, PhD students plus researchers, most from the local university (UENF), plus from other insitutions in Rio de Janeiro and other Brazilian States.
Collaborator Contribution Provided all required facilities
Impact Students and researchers using techniques taught in their research
Start Year 2016
 
Description Taught course, postgraduate school of Rio de Janiero Botanical Garden 
Organisation Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Taught course to postgraduate programme at Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, plus some students from elsewhere in Brazil given by Toby Pennington and Kyle Dexter. The course was three full days and covered phylogenetics (Pennington) and phylogenetic approaches to ecology (Dexter). it also included formally assessed assignments after the course. All teaching was done in Poruguese.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provided all teaching facilities and fully administered the course.
Impact Students are using teachniques taught (e.g., community phylogenetics using R) in theor doctoral research
Start Year 2016
 
Description Training of Latin American Colleague/Student 1 
Organisation Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lidiany Carvalho, a PhD student at the Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro, spent 6 months at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh on a sandwich program. She studied the impact of monodominance on phylogenetic structure in tropical forests.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Training of Latin American Colleague/Student 2 
Organisation Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Marcelo Nascimento, a professor at the Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro, spent 1 year at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh on sabattical. He worked on a study comparing phylogenetic diversity in wet versus dry forests in the Mata Atlantica.
Collaborator Contribution Considerable contribution of forest plot data plus regional expertise
Impact This research visit led to the writing of our NERC/CONFAP Grant, 'Dry forest biomes in Brazil: Biodiversity and ecosystem services'
Start Year 2013
 
Description Training of Latin American Colleague/Student 3 
Organisation Federal University of Viçosa
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Flavia Garcia, a professor at the Universidade Federal de Viçosa, spent 1 year at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh on sabattical. She studied the phylogeny of the important legume genus Zygia.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Training of Latin American Colleague/Student 4 
Organisation University of Brasilia
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Renata Françoso, a PhD student at the Universidade de Brasilia, spent 6 months at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh on a sandwich program. She studied biogeographic patterns in the cerrado.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Training of Latin American Scientists and Students (Brazil) 
Organisation Federal University of Minas Gerais
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Danilo Neves, a Brazilian student successfully defended his Ph.D. thesis in 2012, which involved 1 year in the U.K. and extensive interaction with PIs on this grant. Danilo investigated beta diversity patterns in seasonally dry tropical forests in Brazil, a topic closely related to the grant objectives.
Collaborator Contribution Danilo became PDRA on our project, making key contributions to its success
Impact Currently (2016) two peer review publications plus several research talks and media activity
Start Year 2011
 
Description Training of Latin American Scientists and Students (Peru 1) 
Organisation National Agrarian University
Country Peru 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution During our fieldwork in Peru, we worked extensively with Peruvian colleagues and students, training them in the arts of field botany and ecology.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Training of Latin American colleagues and students (Peru 2) 
Organisation Peruvian Amazon Research Institute
Country Peru 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Euridice Honorio, a Ph.D. student at the University of Leeds, gained her PhD in July 2013. Part of her work was conducted in collaboration with P.I.s on this grant and involved examining the distribution of phylogenetic diversity across the Amazon basin. Publication of her work continues.
Collaborator Contribution No contribution
Impact Publications
Start Year 2010
 
Description Training of Latin American student (Brazil) 
Organisation Federal University of Minas Gerais
Department Institute of Biological Sciences
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Vanessa Rezende spent 1 year of her PhD (2015) as a sandwich student at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Her research benefited greatly from research conducted as part of this grant.
Collaborator Contribution The project has benefited enormously from Rezende's knowledge of the flora of southern South America.
Impact Manuscripts are in preparation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Training of Latin American student (Brazil) 
Organisation Federal University of Minas Gerais
Department Institute of Biological Sciences
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Marcelo Bueno spent 1 year of his PhD (2012) as a sandwich student at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, supervised by Toby Pennington and Kyle Dexter. The PhD research of Marcelo Bueno benefited greatly from the research conducted as part of this grant. He successfully defended his PhD in 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Marcelo Bueno contributed knowledge on statistical approaches to niche modelling (a core part of this grant) and on the Quaternary history of the cearrado.
Impact Bueno ML, Pennington RT, Dexter KG, Yoshino Kamino LH, Pontara V, Neves DRM, Ratter JA, Oliveira-Filho AT. 2016. Effects of quaternary climatic fluctuations on the distribution of Neotropical savanna species. Ecography. DOI: 10.1111/ecog.01860 More publications in preparation.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Training of Latin American student (Chile) 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sergio Ibanez received his MSc from the University of Edinburgh in 2015, under the supervision of Danilo Neves, Toby Pennington and Kyle Dexter. The progress of his MSc benefited greatly from the research conducted as part of this NERC grant.
Collaborator Contribution MSc. Sergio Ibanez contributed extensive knowledge on community phylogenetics analyses to the project.
Impact Publications in preparation
Start Year 2015
 
Description Training of Latin American student (Peru) 
Organisation Peruvian Center for Biodiversity and Conservation
Country Peru 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Roosevelt Garcia Villacorta received his Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh in 2015, under the supervision of Toby Pennington and Kyle Dexter. The progress of his PhD benefited greatly from the research conducted as part of this NERC grant.
Collaborator Contribution Dr. Garcia Villacorta contributed extensive knowledge on white-sand forests and collections from Peru to the project.
Impact Garcia-Villacorta R†, Dexter KG, Pennington RT. 2016. Amazonian white-sand forests show strong floristic links with surrounding oligotrophic habitats and the Guiana Shield. Biotropica 48(1): 47-57. More publications in preparation.
Start Year 2011
 
Description 10th Biennial Conference of the Systematics Association, University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary talk "Maximising synergy between systematics and ecology in the tropics via long-term monitoring plots", which was part of a symposium organised by co-PI Tim Baker.

The symposium stimulated animated audience discussion and will result in an opinion article to be submitted to Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 21st International Symposium of the German Botanical Society "Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology", Mainz, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference invited plenary talk:

Phylogeny, ecology and the historical assembly of tropical forests

Increased awareness with Europe of this research project, including new collaborative contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 64th National Botanical Congress, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited plenary conference presentation: Floristic diversity, phylogenetic biogeography and conservation of neotropical seasonally dry forests (given in Portuguese)

Followed by open discussion with audience

Plenary address to audience of c 1000 delegates. Impacts include establishment of new collaborations and attraction of an excellent Brazilian student to apply for a PhD in Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 64th National Botanical Congress, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Conference talk: What controls the biogeography of legumes?

After the talk, several Brazilian workers offered collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 6th International Legume Conference. Johannesburg, South Africa. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of Global Legume Diversity Assessment Team:



Biome switching in South American legumes

This linked our project to wider work globally on legumes as indicators of ecosystem health
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 6th International Legume Conference. Johannesburg, South Africa. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Made lots of connections.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Beyond the Amazon: Biodiversity and Conservation of Dry Biomes, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a two day symposium covering the plant diversity, biogeography and conservation of dry biomes in Latin America.

It was organised by PI Toby Pennington, and talks were given by him, PDRA Danilo Neves, co-I Kyle Dexter and Brazilian project collaborators Luciano Queiroz and Ary Oliveira Filho

The conference attracted 116 delegates, mostly from Brazil but also from right across Latin America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.dryflor.info/page/Symposium
 
Description Botanical Society of America Annual Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contributed talk entitled:

Biomes shifts and niche evolution in South American woody legumes.

Increased awareness of colleagues in USA of this research project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Cafe scientifique 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the Edinburgh Café Scientifique programme Toby Pennington led a discussion about the causes of deforestation in the world's most biodiverse forests in Latin America. These include increased demand for meat and the cultivation of soy bean, much of which is exported and used in animal feed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.cafescientifique.org/index.php?option=com_contentbuilder&title=uk-edinburgh&controller=de...
 
Description Departmental Seminar at EMBRAPA/CENARGEN 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards

Interest on future collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Uni Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Ties in Edinburgh strengthened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Jardim Botanico Rio de Janeiro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations deepened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards

Interest on future collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards

Interest on future collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Universidad Gabriel Moreno in Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar given at main university in Santa Cruz, Bolivia to inform students about various approaches to studying biodiversity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards

Interest on future collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Universidade Estatual Feira de Santana 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations deepened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Departmental Seminar at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations deepened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Departmental Seminar at University of Gothenburg 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Departmental Research Seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Departmental seminar at Oxford University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Departmental seminar to share research ideas with University of Oxford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Global Change Seminar, University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh, U.K. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Ideas stimulated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description III Bolivian Botanical Congress, Sucre, Bolivia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited plenary conference presentation: Spatial conservation prioritization for South American forgotten forests (given in Spanish)

Followed by open discussion with audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://sites.google.com/site/congresobolivianobotanica2015/
 
Description Invited conference talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at International Congress for Conservation Biology, Cartagena, Colombia: "Plant diversity, biogeography and conservation of neotropical seasonally dry forests"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited conference talk, International Conference of the French Society of Ecology and Evolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dora Villela was invited to give a presentation "Influence of fragmentation and climate on biomass dynamics of seasonally dry tropical Atlantic forests in Brazil". She received several questions and requests for further information and collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited conference talk, International Conference of the French Society of Ecology and Evolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Marcelo Nascimento was invited to give a talk, "Environment not phylogeny drives herbivory and leaf attributes in trees from two contrasting forest formations of the Brazilian Atlantic Coastal forest". The talk generated debate and new research contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation, Latin American Botanical Congress, Quito, Ecuador: "Greater spatial turnover in species composition in tropical dry forests than tropical savannas" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation, allowing presentation of outcomes from three NERC funded grants. The major impact was increasing the size of the collaborative network that is now monitoring forests beyond Amazonia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation, University of St Andrews and Botnaical Society of Scotland: "The Forgotten Forests of Latin America" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture that raised awareness of the threats to tropical dry forests and savannas and of how patterns of consumption in the UK are driving habitat destruction in Latin America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.botanical-society-scotland.org.uk/node/469
 
Description Invited presentation, WWF UK, "Why is the cerrado amazing?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Toby Pennington was invited to speak to WWF UK at their headquarters in Woking. They are initiating a major campaign on conservation of the savannas of the Brazilian cerrado in 2019, and wish to link this to ongoing science in this biome. This was a great opportunity to develop plans to increase future impact of NERC funded research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited public event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interactive discussion about the environmental costs of soy cultivation in the tropics as part of the Power of Food Festival, Edinburgh: "The real price of food"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://poweroffoodfestival.wordpress.com/
 
Description Invited seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar, University of Exeter, "Tropical plant diversity: 19th- 21st century approaches to biogeography and conservation"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminat, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, "A diversidade florística, biogeografía filogenética e conservação das florestas estacionalmente secas neotropicais (SDTF)" (given in Portuguese)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar, Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, "Maximising synergy between systematics and ecology in the tropics via long-term monitoring plots" (given in Portuguese)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited seminar, Duke University, U.S.A. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

The faculty at Duke were excited by the talk. It potentially led to one collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited seminar, Forest Research, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar: "Seasonally dry tropical forests in Latin America: diversity, biogeography and conservation"

The talk sparked questions and discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited seminar, Havard University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar by Kyle Dexter at Harvard University Herbaria, which raised awareness of our work in diverse biomes in Latin America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited seminar, Kew Botanic Gardens, U.K. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations deepened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited seminar, Royal Botnaic Gardens, Kew: "Neotropical dry forests and savannas: diversity, biogeography and conservation" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited research seminar at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in which I was able to present outcomes from three NERC funded projects that have increased ecosystem monitoring and understanding of dry biomes in Latin America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited seminar, Universidade Estadual de Rio de Janeiro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar: "Plant diversity, biogeography and conservation of seasonally dry biomes in the Neotropics", given in Portuguese

The talk stimulated questions and debate and was designed to increase awareness of the regional importance of local dry forest vegetation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited seminar, University of Aarhus, Denmark 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar "The forgotten forests of Latin America" given to MSc students on a "management of tropical ecosystems" course.

The talk stimulated several questions and some feedback from the class indicated that it had created better awareness of the importance of conserving dry biomes in the tropics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited seminar, University of Aberdeen, U.K. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations deepened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited seminar, University of Stellenbosch. Cape Town, South Africa. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations deepened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited seminar, University of Yale 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar by Kyle Dexter, which raised awaremess of our work across diverse biomes in Latin America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited seminar, University of Zurich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact invited seminar "Species-level phylogenetics of tropical plants: illuminating the evolutionary process and taxonomy"

The talk resulted in questions and discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited speaker, 67º Congresso Nacional de Botânica 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Áreas (potencialmente) prioritárias para a conservação de florestas negligenciadas na América do Sul'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://67cnbot.com.br/cnb/programacao/
 
Description Invited speaker, II Conferência Nacional de Biologia da Conservação 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'A importância da macroecologia para a biologia da conservação'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://cnbc.com.br/
 
Description Invited speaker, Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited public talk: "The Forgotten Forests of Latin America"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk, 53rd Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Environmental harshness determines macroscale patterns of floristic turnover across South American woody plant communities'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk, Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk: "Patterns of niche evolution across the legume phylogeny and their relevance for understanding the assembly of neotropical biomes"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk, Congresso Brasileiro de Ecologia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk, 'Drough-stress structures evolutionary diversity in tropical tree commmunities' (in Portuguese).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk, Ecological Society of America meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Drought-stress structures evolutionary diversity in tropical tree communities'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk, International Biogeography Society meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Drought-stress structures evolutionary diversity in tropical tree communities'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.xcdsystem.com/ibs/program/XQ1rjsf/
 
Description Invited talk, International Legume Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Niche evolution, ecological limits and the macroecology of Dalbergioid biodiversity'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://7ilc.info/
 
Description Invited talk, International Legume Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Climatic niche evolution of South American legumes and its consequences'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://7ilc.info/
 
Description Invited talk, VAluing biodiversity and developing ecosystem service delivery models in densely inhabited Latin American dry and montane forests workshop, Lima, Peru, July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited workshop talk, "Forest Plot networks in seasonally dry forests in Brazil". The aim of this Newton Funded workshop was to build a new collaborative network across Latin America to value biodviersity and ecosystem services in neglected ecosystems such as dry forests, the focus of our original grant. The main outcome in the long term will be a larger network that can deliver more ambitious projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Media coverage of diversification paper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Our 2014 paper on how short lifetimes have promoted high diversification of Amazonian trees was headline news on the BBC Online, Science and Environment webpage on 4/3/2014 ('Live fast, die young strategy spawned Amazon tree boom'; http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26434264)

The story was picked up and reported worldwide, including news outlets in Namibia (http://www.namibian.com.na/indexx.php?archive_id=120627&page_type=archive_story_detail&page=201) and India (https://in.news.yahoo.com/live-fast-die-young-strategy-could-behind-amazons-082203977.html)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26434264
 
Description Media coverage of the project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article has been recently published, but we expect that the message will reach people interested on conservation and evolutionary history of South American biomes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.dailyclimate.org/tdc-newsroom/2014/11/brazil-meat-cerrado-deforestation
 
Description Media interest - field research in the Brazilian cerrado 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Science journalist accompanied the field team in Brazil, resulting in an article published in The Daily Climate, and also on the Scientific American website

Just published (10th Nov 2014), so too early to tell, but it should increase awareness that there are key conservation issues in Brazil beyond the Amazon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.dailyclimate.org/tdc-newsroom/2014/11/brazil-meat-cerrado-deforestation
 
Description Poster Presentation at Workshop, College de France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation poster presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

At the conference, I learned a lot about methods for studying diversification, which will be useful to achieving the outcomes of the grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Presentation at UK/Brazil workshop to plan the Newton Fund 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Toby Pennington gave a talk and participated in discussions that contributed to shaping ideas for possible research focus for the Newton fund in Brazil

Possible influence on direction of Newton fund priorities for Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Savannas in the Anthropocene conference, University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation: "Legumes in African Savannas" to a working group of savanna ecologists at a workshop geared to developing collaborations for inter-disciplinary grant proposals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Scottish Phylogeny Discussion Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Collaborations were developed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Scottish Tropical Ecology and Biology Conference; University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited plenary conference presentation: Continental-scale patterns of tree composition across South America

Followed by open discussion with audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar at Joint Research Centre of European Union 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We delivered a seminar on seasonally dry tropical forests to the EU JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability in Ispra, Italy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar at Naturalis Biodiversity Centre (Leiden, Netherlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar with aim to develop collaborations to researchers working at large spatial scales in South America.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar, 'Drough-stress structures evolutionary diversity in tropical tree commmunities' (in Portuguese).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Mapping diversity in South America: from communities to phylogenies'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar, Universidade Federal de Bahia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar: "Species-level phylogenetics of tropical plants: illuminating the evolutionary process and taxonomy"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar, University of Arizona 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk 'Drought-stress structures evolutionary diversity in tropical tree communities'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar at Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden:



A diversidade florística, biogeografía filogenética e conservação das florestas estacionalmente secas neotropicais (SDTF) [Floristic diversity, phylogenetic biogeography and conservation of seasonally dry neotropical forests]


Talk resulted in numerous questions and discussion

The main aim was to raise awareness in Rio de Janeiro and Brazil of our project. One impact would be facilitation of processes of gainign research permissions in Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Prince's Charities' International Sustainability Unit, Critical Challenges and Opportunities for Tropical Forest Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Workshop participant and speaker; presentation: Genes and genomics: new views of tropical forest plant diversity in the 21st Century

One of 18 invited speakers; closed meeting to draft a memorandum on priorities for tropical forest science subsequently presented by the Prince of Wales to UK Government ministers and approximately 100 guests from the worlds of policy, advocacy, philanthropy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description UK Plant Evolution Conference, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion regarding the nature of species in different tropical biomes

The talk resulted in discussions of collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UK Plant Sciences 2013 Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk: A Molecular Spotlight on the Forgotten Forests of South America

Talked resulted in questions and discussion

Increased awareness of relevance of our work to balancing destrcution of tropical habitat to produce food, and conservation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Visits of trainee teachers and Advanced Higher students from schools across Scotland to Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This comprised visits over three days from trainee high school biology teachers and then from two groups of advanced higher students from across Scotland. The purpose was to cover elements of the national curriculum relating to evolutiona and taxonomy. I was the concluding speaker and my presentation hihglighted the amount of fundamental inventory and taxonomic research that remains to be done in the tropics. It drew heavily on work done as part of this research grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop Matas secas no Brasil: biodiversidade e serviços ecossistêmicos 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact As part of the workshop 'Matas Secas no Brasil' programme, Danilo Neves led a discussion about the importance of combining datasets to assess diversity patterns in dry forests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop at National Institute for Research in the Amazon (Manaus, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project participant Dexter ran a 2-day workshop to teach students at this research institute to make phylogenies for tropical plants and use them in ecological studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014