Assessing health, livelihoods, ecosystem services and poverty alleviation in populous deltas

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

Delta regions are probably the most vulnerable type of coastal environment and their ecosystem services face multiple stresses in the coming decades. These stresses include, amongst others, local drivers due to land subsidence, population growth and urbanisation within the deltas, regional drivers due to changes in catchment management (e.g. upstream land use and dam construction), and global climate change impacts such as sea-level rise.The ecosystem services of river deltas support high population densities, estimated at over 500 million people globally, with particular concentrations in Southern and Eastern Asia and Africa. A large proportion of these people experience extremes of poverty and are severely exposed to vulnerability from environmental and ecological stress and degradation. In areas close to or below the poverty boundary, both subsistence and cash elements of the economy tend to rely disproportionately heavily on ecosystem services which underpin livelihoods.Understanding how to sustainably manage the ecosystem services in delta regions and thus improve health and reduce poverty and vulnerability requires consideration of all these stresses and their complex interaction. This proposal aims to develop methods to understand and characterise the key drivers of change in ecosystem services that affect the environment and economic status in the world's populous deltas. This will be done through analysis of the evolving role of ecosystem services, exploring the implications of changes for the livelihoods of delta residents, and developing management and policy options that will be beneficial now and in the future in the face of the large uncertainties of the next few decades and beyond.The extensive coastal fringe of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta within Bangladesh has been selected as the pilot study area for this work. This is because Bangladesh is almost entirely located on one of the world's largest and most dynamic deltas. It is characterised by densely populated coastal lowlands with significant poverty, supported to a large extent by natural ecosystems such as the Sunderbahns (the largest mangrove forest in the world). It is under severe development pressure due to many growing cities, eg Khulna and the capital, Dhaka.At present the importance of ecosystems services to poverty and livelihoods is poorly understood. This is due to due to the complexity of interactions between physical drivers, environmental pressures and the human responses to stresses and the resultant impacts on ecosystems. Government policy rarely takes up the ecosystems services perspective and as a result an holistic overview of their value is often overlooked.This project aims to address this gap by providing policy makers with the knowledge and tools to enable them to evaluate the effects of policy decisions on people's livelihoods. This will be done by creating a holistic approach to formally evaluating ecosystems services and poverty in the context of changes such as subsidence and sea level rise, land degradation and population pressure in delta regions. This will be tested and applied in coastal Bangladesh and tested conceptually in other populous deltas.

Planned Impact

The research will benefit a number of stakeholders, both within the timeframe and location of the project, and thereafter and elsewhere as explained below.Rural communities in the study will gain within the timeframe of the study and beyond though developing knowledge about the way the local environment and their interactions with it function. More simply, through a process of stakeholder engagement which will include representation of community they will be given information about which ecological services are currently sustainable and which are not in a spatio-temporal context. Within a series of smaller workshops in the conceptual development of WP2 and through the main 6 monthly workshops community representation will take part in discussions about how their traditional management techniques can be complemented by the new knowledge in order that the local landscape can be managed in a more sustainable way. Through these discussions we can take onboard the community's indigenous methods, diverse utilisation of the ecosystems matrix and the new knowledge on ecological services to produce alternative 'negotiated' futures. Local rural agricultural and socio-economic development agencies will benefit from knowledge that will aid strategic decision-making for agriculture, service provision from a range of ecologies and the alleviation of poverty. Hypothetically, and supported by the consortiums investigations in-country, we may show that it is the dynamic range of access to a variety of services from a number of ecologies in a temporally distributed context that is highly significant and that inclusion of local indigenous knowledge is fundamental to sustainable decision making processes. As with the accepted wisdom of livelihood diversification so it may be with access and utilisation of ecological services, with adaptation and thus resilience being underpinned by the ecological matrix. Ecological and socio-environmental modelling outputs and associated scenarios will feed into the strategies and policy formulation options at a local level through broad governance wide distribution of findings from the project providing a context for adaptation and impact assessment. The impacts of the research will also provide a unifying context for the interaction of local development agencies and decision making bodies to interact with the strategic organisations in a more regional context. Regional/National agencies: At the national level in Bangladesh, Ministries like Environment will benefit from the insight provided this study of present and future conditions in Bangladesh. They will learn about the social and biophysical boundary conditions that affect coastal Bangladesh and how these have changed and will continue to change. The study will develop methods and results that can support long-term analysis and policy development. It is important to understand that the project is not merely concerned with identifying future trends and potential problems, but will explicitly evaluate the policy choices that are available. For example, the surveys will allow us to understand the current role of ecosystem services in alleviating poverty, while the modelling will allow us to understand possible trends in those services and their effects on local poverty and health. We will ensure that national Bangladeshi stakeholders have ample opportunity to take advantage of the research with contact at all of the six-monthly Workshops to which they will all be invited. We will also reach regional/national agencies in China via holding two (out of 9) Workshops in Kolkata and Shanghai, respectively, where regional and national representatives will be invited. The funds for travel to Asian Workshops for these meetings by the PI/co-Is, and the time spent by the PI (??% time), ?? co-Is (??-??% time) and PDRFs (??% time) amounts to £??, equivalent to ??% of the total budget.
 
Description The grant has developed a unique integrated framework describing ecosystem services and poverty/livelihoods in coastal Bangladesh and the ability of policy to shape that relationship. It addresses the problem that the delta is affected by multiple drivers operating at multiple scales. It integrates a large number of components representing a range of disciplines. Stakeholder engagement runs through the whole project and includes issue identification, national scenario development, discussion of the results and the formulation and testing of different policy options. A series of biophysical components were developed including climate change scenarios, the Ganges-Brahmaputra rivers, the Bay of Bengal and flooding and salinity within the delta itself. These in turn are coupled with models of agriculture, fisheries, etc. to determine the provisioning ecosystem services. To understand the people and their livelihoods, both qualitative and quantitative surveys were conducted in the study area, combined with demographic and related methods. In particular, a statistical analysis between wealth indicators from the census and the environment identified the areas with the greatest poverty, and was able to associate this with different drivers, namely salinity, waterlogging and access, respectively. There was also a detailed household socio-economic survey of more than 1400 households, conducted in three seasons for the same households. This quantified how ecosystems services and livelihoods were linked and how this changed with season.
Integrating all these aspects is challenging and was conducted within the Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model (?DIEM) which is also designed to support national policy analysis. ?DIEM comprises an integrated model which directly links exogenous and endogenous drivers of change to the resulting ecosystem services and (uniquely) to population livelihoods at the Union scale (roughly 25 sq. km. and more than 600 Unions in our study area). The model domain currently contains 14 million people. ?DIEM comprises a coupled database and set of linked models and model emulators, as appropriate, which describes the earlier analysis. Hence the effects of exogenous and endogenous drivers on ecosystem services are considered at the regional scale. The livelihoods module within ?DIEM uses the earlier statistical analysis and also the results from the household survey. This model allows for the first time to examine a range of interacting drivers on ecosystem services and people's livelihoods and how national policy can shape these outcomes into the future. ?DIEM shows that salinity variation and changes are a major concern over the next few decades and salinity can be adversely affected by a range of decisions. In the longer term climate change and sea-level rise become of more concern, but as wet season river flows increase there are potentially counterbalancing factors.
The ?DIEM model allows the analysis of physical and poverty alleviation/well-being outcomes of a fairly large number of structural and policy interventions along different development trajectories. The ?DIEM model is unique and innovative in consideration of its capacity to link bio-physical, socio-economic and governance processes. The ?DIEM model analyses the impacts of a number of hazards including fluvial and tidal inundation, storm surge flooding, changes in water salinity (which limits irrigation and impacts health) and soil salinity, on water availability for agriculture and aquaculture, and in turn on poverty, health and livelihood. ?DIEM has been used to test several potential interventions, to inform the Bangladesh Delta Plan with direct support from ESPA (additional Impact Funds) and has the strong support of the General Economic Division of the Bangladesh Government.
Exploitation Route Building on the text above explaining how the findings have already been used to date, the ESPA Deltas Project and ?DIEM approach has a large potential for application in Bangladesh, especially as part of the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100. Active engagement with the Government of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Delta Plan continues.
We are written a book on the project called "Ecosystem Services for Well-being in Deltas: Integrated Assessment for Policy Analysis" published as open access by Palgrave in 2018. The book comprises more than 30 chapters and provides a comprehensive legacy of the project.
The ESPA Delta approach could be applied in other deltas and versions of ?DIEM could be developed for these systems as appropriate. The method was always designed to be generic and transferable.
The overall philosophy of the ESPA deltas approach could be applied to other environmental contexts than deltas and might be developed in any socio-environmental setting with multiple drivers, such as coastal zones worldwide or river catchments.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment

URL http://www.espadelta.net/
 
Description The ESPA Deltas project and the Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model (?DIEM) have been designed to be policy relevant from their beginning. We held five workshops throughout the project which progressively built a community of national users, as well as interest from multiple donors. The workshops identified the key issues, developed endogenous scenarios of Bangladesh and examined the results. From the beginning of the project, we included co-production and the concept of an "iterative learning loop" with stakeholders, especially those operating at the national level in Bangladesh. As part of this stakeholder process we became increasingly engaged with the General Economic Division (GED), Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh as the principal user of the ESPA delta outputs. GED have a strategic role in government as they review all national investment and report directly to the Prime Minster. At the same time as our work developed, the national Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (BDP2100) was initiated to develop a strategic plan on the development Bangladesh over the next few decades to 2100. GED are the leaders of this process with support from the Dutch Government. As a result of these links we received additional impact funding from ESPA to appraise a small set of projects proposed by the Delta Plan through 2017 to 2018. (ESPA project ROF-2017-18-01). This demonstrated that the approach is effective and further developments are planned. Currently we are discussing how ?DIEM which be used to further support the Delta Plan. This has led to the suggestion by GED that ?DIEM might be expanded to cover more of the country, and possibly a national ?DIEM might be developed. As a project legacy a book has been produced on the ESPA Delta Project published by Palgrave in 2018. In addition, a Government of Bangladesh published book on the results of the impact project is being prepared.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Advisers to Bangladesh 2100 Delta Plan (Prof Munsur Rahman & Prof Mashfiqus Salehin, BUET, Bangladesh)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Organised Science into Policy Workshop (joint between ESPA Deltas and ESPA Assests), London, July 2014
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Policy Brief: Adult Hypertension Associated with Drinking Water Salinity in Coastal Bangladesh
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.espadelta.net/resources_/policy_briefs/Research_Policy_Brief_Salinity_Hypertension_261020...
 
Description Policy Brief: Under-5 Child Malnutrition: An Associative Analysis with Socio Ecological Systems in Coastal Bangladesh
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.espadelta.net/resources_/policy_briefs/Research_Policy_Brief_U5_Malnutrition_Bangla_Engli...
 
Description Policy brief: ?DIEM: Using scenarios to inform pro-poor policy-making
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Policy brief: Integrated environment and development modelling to benefit the poorest in coastal Bangladesh
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Collaborative Adapation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia (CARIAA)
Amount $13,500,000 (CAD)
Funding ID IDRC Project Number 107642 
Organisation Government of the UK 
Department Department for International Development (DfID)
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 09/2018
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Account - Supporting Scenario planning in Bangladesh for the General Economic Division
Amount £9,715 (GBP)
Organisation University of Southampton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Description ROF (Regional Opportunities Fund) ESPA Deltas Continuation Project
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ROF-2017-18-01 ('An assessment of the ecosystem service and livelihood implications of government development proposals in coastal Bangladesh' project') 
Organisation Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Title Bangladesh Study Site Household Survey Phase 1 (June 2014) 
Description Round 1 of the ESPA Deltas Household Survey was conducted in the SW Coastal region of Bangladesh, covering an initial household listing exercise and then a full survey over 1500 households 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Analysis of the dataset is still ongoing, however results will impact the integrated assessment model ESPA Deltas are producing, and be fed back to project stakeholders 
 
Title CropDSS 2.0 - An agriculture model for decision making 
Description The Cropwat agriculture model was originally developed for FAO in 1990s and further developed in 2000s. It is widely used research tool in the agriculture sector due to its simplicity and, yet, its good predictability. The model considers the effect of water availability on the crop development. Within the ESPA Deltas project, the aim is to provide holistic tools for decision making for crop production. The Cropwat approach was used as the basis of evaluating water stress on crop production. The model was extended, because water availability is not the only factor affecting crop development. The CropDSS model was created that builds on Cropwat, but also includes the effects of air temperature, soil salinity and atmospheric fertilisation on agricultural productivity . Preparations for the inclusion of fertiliser use and farm machinery are on the way. The algorithms are implemented in MATLAB to be able to dynamically link the CropDSS model to modelling tools of other research fields. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This model will be used in ESPA Deltas Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model (DIEM). 
 
Title Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model, ?DIEM 
Description The model is being developed in a genuine participatory approach that includes five main groups of participants. At the very beginning, a broad set of stakeholders (more than 50 agencies) provided the narratives of three plausible future scenarios (termed Business as Usual, More Sustainable and Less Sustainable) that would like to explore. A comprehensive seasonal survey of more than 1500 households provide the ground knowledge about interdependencies between different archetypes of households and ecosystem services. An ESPA Deltas team of more than 100 specialist and students provided detailed assessment of future trends and changes of the natural and socio-economic systems. The quantitative sectorial assessment provided by the ESPA Deltas team has been then integrated into the ?DIEM that allows users to explore a broad range of interventions under the three different scenarios. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact ?DIEM is freely available to any interested party to use it after the end of the project. 
 
Title FVCOM model of GBM Delta 
Description The FVCOM unstructured grid model system has been used to implement a model of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The model has been used to make projections of the salinity arising from climate change and management scenarios 
 
Title WP5 Suite of Biophysical Models 
Description The various individual models implemented for the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) Delta within this project are collectively described in D5.4 Model Descriptions report. These models include a climate model for the South Asia region, hydrological models of the river catchments, groundwater model, the FVCOM and Delft3D estuarine delta models, the Bay of Bengal coastal hydrodynamic and ecosystem model and agriculture, mangrove and fisheries models. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The model suite has been used in the emulator model DeltaDIEM, developed in WP4, which is being used by policymakers in Bangladesh for exploring climate and management options for the GBM Delta. A book is being prepared describing the model outcomes. 
 
Description Field programme in Bangladesh 
Organisation Bangladesh Agricultural University
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations with Dr Munir Ahmed and Prof Mostafe Hossain to develop and implement a field programme of fisheries data collection from landing sites and official data centres in Bangladesh.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Field programme in Bangladesh (1-6 months progress) 
Organisation Bangladesh Agricultural University
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations with Dr Munir Ahmed and Prof Mostafa Hossain to run a field programme of fisheries data collection from landing sites and official data centres in Bangladesh. The first 6 months data collection has provided valuable information in terms of species more abundant, size and relative abundance and prices. Prices and total sells affected by political situation and strikes. Due to this and the success of response getting response from the sellers, 6 months extension has been agreed (1 year initially).
Start Year 2013
 
Description Field programme in Bangladesh (1-6 months progress) 
Organisation Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations with Dr Munir Ahmed and Prof Mostafa Hossain to run a field programme of fisheries data collection from landing sites and official data centres in Bangladesh. The first 6 months data collection has provided valuable information in terms of species more abundant, size and relative abundance and prices. Prices and total sells affected by political situation and strikes. Due to this and the success of response getting response from the sellers, 6 months extension has been agreed (1 year initially).
Start Year 2013
 
Description General Economic Division, Planning Department, Bangaldesh Government 
Organisation Planning Commission (Bangladesh)
Department General Economic Division
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution A partnership has been established between GED (Bangladesh government), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) and the University of Southampton. GED have delivered a letter to ESPA Deltas outlining how the project can contribute to the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100.
Start Year 2013
 
Description New Partnership with the Water Resources Planning Organization (WARPO), Bangladesh 
Organisation Water Resources Planning Organization
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution To provide government data on the water environment, WARPO have joined the ESPA delta project as an unfunded partner. This alos strengthens our links with governmant and endusers
Start Year 2013
 
Description Visit to PML by Akm Saiful Islam 
Organisation Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Saiful came to PML for an extended visit (3 weeks) to learn about FVCOM and to create an initial implementation of FVCOM for the Bangladesh region
Collaborator Contribution As part of the ESPA-Delta project, Dr Saiful became familiar with FVCOM model system and continued to work on the model implementation in BUET. Since, he has modified the bathymetry and mesh associated with FVCOM implementation in the Ganges Delta and has performed test simulations. Dr Saiful become familiar with the areas of the domain that had less satisfactory results and engage in a bathymetry data collection exercise to improve the model implementation. Subsequently he has implemented HEC-RAS in the Ganges Delta to perform dynamics-driven interpolations of the bathymetric data onto the FVCOM implementation.
Impact New and improved bathymetry in the Ganges Delta system.
Start Year 2012
 
Description 2016 :Sustainable Development Goals in Deltas | ESPA Deltas Final Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This conference will disseminated the results from the ESPA Deltas project in the broader context of the SDGs. Experience from a number of other deltas from across the globe will be presented and the next steps to further develop, transfer and operationalise these insights will be considered
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.espadelta.net/resources_/events/ESPADelta%20FinalUKEventAgendaFinal.pdf
 
Description A. Lazar; 'Integration of bio-physical and livelihood dynamics for analysis of poverty in coastal Bangladesh' presentation at 'Deltas in Times of Climate Change Conference Presentation (24-26 Sept, 2014), Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Attila Lazar presented the progress of the ESPA Deltas integrated modelling work package at the above conference. He made good links with other researchers.

After the talk Attila linked up with various Bangaldeshi researchers on other projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Conference poster presentation (Rotterdam) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Bricheno, L., Islam, A. K. M. S. and Wolf, J. (2014) River salinity on a mega-delta, an unstructured grid model approach. Poster presentation at Deltas in Times of Climate Change II, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 24 - 26 September 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Craig Hutton; Spatial Modelling of the Association between Agricultural Land Use and Poverty in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta, Deltas in Times of Climate Change Conference (24-26 Sept 2014), Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation poster presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The poster was viewed by hundreds of people and sparked discussions with other projects.

Links have been made with 'Economics and social drivers of land use change in coastal Bangladesh' project from Bonn University (Germany) and ESPA Deltas are presenting at a session they are hosting at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting, 21-25 April 2015, Chicago, Livelihoods, vulnerability and resilience in South and South East Asian Deltas session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description EGU Conference Oral Presentation (Vienna) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bricheno, L. M., Islam, A K M S, Wolf, J. (2014) "River salinity on a mega-delta, an unstructured grid model approach." Presented at EGU General Assembly 2014: Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 16, EGU2014-5273, 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description EGU Conference oral presentation (Vienna) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 9. Wolf, J., Bricheno, L., Chowdhury, M.S.M., Rahman, M., Ghosh, T., Kay, S., and Caesar, J. Assessing the impact of cyclones in the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Oral presentation at EGU 2014. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 16, EGU2014-4773, 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ESPA Deltas 12 Month Whole Consortium Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The whole ESPA Deltas Consortium gathered in Southampton 4-6 June 2013 for our 12 month workshop

40 Participants from UK, Bangladesh and India.

Event included a participation of the Member for the Bangladesh governments General Economic Division (GED) who provided input on where ESPA Deltas can contribute to the Bangaldesh '100 year Delta Plan'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description ESPA Deltas 18 Month Workshop - Sunderbans, West Bengal, India 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact ESPA Deltas held it's 18 month workshop in the Sunderban (Mangroves) National Park regional of the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna Delta in India

Two members of GED were present for the meeting, adding valuable contributions to the scenario, stakehodler engagement and modelling discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ESPA Deltas 24 Month Consortium Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh 7-9 June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The workshop was an opportunity for ESPA Deltas to refine research methods, and present relevant project results.

The project moved forward on it's model runs and household surveys
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ESPA Deltas 4rd Stakeholder Workshop, Dec 2014, Khulna 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The stakeholder workshop was held in Khulna and captured local stakeholders perspectives on scenarios which could be input to the Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ESPA Deltas 4th Stakeholder Workshop, June 2015, Dhaka 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The 4th Stakeholder workshop in June 2015 was an opportunity to present the Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model to Bangladeshi stakeholders. This sparked questions and discussions on how to run various scenarios.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ESPA Deltas 5th Stakeholder workshop, Dhaka 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ESPA Deltas held their 5th national level stakeholder workshop at the General Economic Division (GED), Government of Bangladesh in Dhaka on 16th September 2015. The main purpose of the workshop was to share with the stakeholders the policy relevant results of the unique ESPA Deltas household survey, and to initiate the rapid scenario assessment exercise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.espadelta.net/news/?action=story&id=60
 
Description ESPA Deltas Continuation Project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We had a series of workshops with the Planning Commission of the Government of Bangladesh to apply the ESPA Delta results and especially the Delta Dynamic Integrated Emulator Model to assess three proposed interventions within the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 as a pilot project. The workshops were attended by University of Southampton, the Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, and the Planning Commission. There were three workshops in Southampton (May 2017), Dhaka (November 2017) and Dhaka (February 2018). The last workshop involved participants from other Bangladesh organisations like the Institute for Water Management, the BWBD, CEGIS and WARPO.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ESPA Deltas Expert Advisory Group Meeting (12 May 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact ESPA Deltas presented to it's international advisory board who critiqued methodology and research

The Advisory Group provided support on the aim of research and which channels to direct international dissemination into
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ESPA Deltas Expert Advisory Group meeting, March 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Combined International Expert Advisory Group took place on 9th March 2015 via videoconferencing. Participants included Prof. Shamsul Alam, from the General Economic Division of GED; Prof Edmund Penning-Rowsell from Middlesex University; and Mr. Md. Salim Bhuiyan from the Water Resources Planning organisation. The Advisory Group met with members of the consortium to hear the progress of the project and to provide a steer on the research outputs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ESPA Deltas Introductory Brochure 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A brochure describing the ESPA Deltas project.

We have produced a professional, overarching introductory leaflet for distrubution amongst all partners in the project, outlining who the consortium are, the project aims, history, methodology, proposed outputs for dissemination
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description ESPA Deltas Kick Off Workshop (26-28 May 2012) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The Workshop had five outline objectives.

i)Formally initiate the ESPA-Deltas project in Asia

ii)Establish working relations with relevant stakeholders in government and civil society

iii)Lay foundations for the development of the project and clarify the way forward

iv)Confirm and establish working relations between all partners

v)Contextualise reporting/finance and communications strategies

The Workshop happened over three days in Dhaka. The first day was a formal opening of the project at the LGED Seminar Hall, Agargaon, Dhaka. This included an address by the Chief Guest, Mr. Mesbah ul Alam, Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Go
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description ESPA Deltas dual-language summer 2015 newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The ESPA Deltas project prepared a dual language (English and Bengali) newsletter which was used to inform Bangladeshi stakeholders on the project. The newsletter was distributed to all partners in the Consortium with several hundred sent to Bangladesh for use during stakeholder workshops. The newsletter sparked discussion and interest from stakeholders on the outputs of the project.

The newsletter was disseminated to academic colleagues as well as stakeholders in the Planning Commission of the Bangladesh Government and increased queries about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.espadelta.net/news/newsletters/ESPADeltasNewsletter_Summer2015_WEB.pdf
 
Description ESPA conference poster presentation (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 10. Wolf, J., Chowdhury, M.S.M., Rahman, M., Ghosh, T. Bricheno, L., Kay, S. and Caesar, J. Assessing the impact of cyclones in the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Poster presentation at ESPA conference, London, October 2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description IUGG Conference poster presentation (Prague) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lucy Bricheno, Akm Saiful Islam, and Judith Wolf (2015) "River salinity on a mega-delta, an unstructured grid model approach." Poster presentation at the 26th IUGG GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Prague
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iugg2015prague.com/
 
Description Integrated socio-environmental modelling: A test case in coastal Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at European Geosciences Union's General Assembly 2013, Austria Centre, Vienna, Austria, 08 April 2013

Wider dissemination of ESPA Deltas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description International Expert Advisory Group Meeting (Dec 2013) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The ESPA Deltas International Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) held it's first meeting via a conference call with PI and WP leads

The group agreed to act as a formal advisory board
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Keynote Speaker; Attila Lazar; CSDMS Conference, Colorado, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Attila Lazar presented the ESPA Deltas Integrated modelling conceptual framework and received productive and critical feedback from an international audience

The integrated modelling component of espa deltas was strengthened.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Landsat ETM+ for Assessing Temporal Variation of Suspended Sediment Concentration in the Padma River, Mashrekur Rahman, GM Tarekul Islam, Munsur Rahman, 7th International Conference on Water Resources and Environment Research (ICWRER2016), Kyoto TERRSA, Kyoto, Japan, June 5-9, 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Conference talk and paper
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Monitoring of Planform Changes and Computation of Erosion/Accretion of Bishkhali Estuary Using Satellite Image, F. Nihal, M. Sakib,M. W. Elahi, T. Ahmed,A. Haque, M. M. Rahman, M. A. T. Omar, International Conference on Climate Change and Water Security, MIST, 27 December 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Conference talk and paper
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oral conference presentation (Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lucy Bricheno, Akm Saiful Islam, and Judith Wolf (2015) River salinity on a mega-delta, an unstructured grid model approach. Oral presentation at The Challenger Society Ocean Modelling Group meeting Corpus Christi College Cambridge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oral conference presentation (Liverpool) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lucy Bricheno, Akm Saiful Islam, and Judith Wolf (2015) "River salinity on a mega-delta, an unstructured grid model approach." Oral presentation at the Liverpool Marine Symposium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oral presentation (Liverpool) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lucy Bricheno, Akm Saiful Islam, and Judith Wolf (2016) "Physical and Social interactions on the Bangladesh river delta" Oral presentation at Liverpool Marine Symposium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Oral workshop presentation (Plymouth) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Lucy Bricheno, Akm Saiful Islam, and Judith Wolf (2015) "River salinity on a mega-delta, an unstructured grid model approach." Oral presentation at the 6th UK FVCOM Workshop, Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation: American Association of Geographers, Chicago, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The ESPA Deltas Team in the form of Dr Andres Payo Garcia and Dr. Craig Hutton (Southampton University) attended and presented at the American Association of Geographers in the city of Chicago, USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation: ECSA 55, September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Robert Nicholls presented at ECSA 2015 on Assessing Health, Livelihoods, Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation in Populous Deltas: the ESPA Delta Project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation: ESPA Annual Science Conference, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Nicholls presented an overview on "Ecosystem services and livelihoods in coastal Bangladesh".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.espa.ac.uk/news-events/events/wed-2015-11-25-0900/espa-2015-annual-science-conference
 
Description Presentation: IIASA Systems Analysis 2015, Lazar, A 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Attila Lazar presented at IIASA 2015 on Coupling terrestrial and marine biophysical processes with livelihood dynamics for analysis of poverty alleviation in Bangladesh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/about/events/SA2015-brochure.pdf
 
Description Presentation; Tyndall Assembly 2013, A. Lazar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 'Integrated socio-environmental modelling in the ESPA Deltas project' was presented at the 2013 Tyndall Assembly 'Climate Changes Scale of Action' - see http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/events/2013/tyndall-assembly-2013, Held in Norwich, UK 11-13 Sept 2013

Links made with other colleagues and research projects in the UK working on integrated modelling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description R. Nicholls; Assessing Health, Livelihoods, Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation in Populous Deltas: the ESPA Deltas Project, presentation at Deltas in Times of Climate Change Conference Presentation (24-26 Sept, 2014, Netherlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Robert Nicholls presented the theory behind the ESPA Deltas project, and it's overall progress at this conference. The talk sparked lots of interest for other academics either working with similar methods or in similar fields.

The consultants working on the Bangladesh 2100 Delta Plan followed up with lots of questions, and discussed areas of synergy and where ESPA Deltas can assist with the plan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Relating Morphological Changes with Hydraulic Regime for the Estuarine Systems of Ganges-Brahmaputra Meghna Delta, Md. Wasif-E-Elahi1, Fatin Nihal1, Anisul Haque, Munsur Rahman, International Conference on Sustainable Development 2016, ULAB Bangladesh, Dhaka, 4-5 February 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Sustainable Development Goals in Deltas (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation: Understanding the policy context
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.espadelta.net/resources_/events/
 
Description The Future of Coastal Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Presented at Joint Penrose/Chapman Conference on "Coastal Processes and Environments Under Sea-Level Rise and Changing Climate:

Science to Inform Management" Galveston, Texas 14 to 19 April 2013

Wider dissemination and interest in ESPA Deltas. Prof John Day heard the talk, discussed the project with Robert Nicholls and was invited to sit on ESPA Deltas Advisory Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Times of India Newspaper Article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The Times of India covered the ESPA Deltas workshop in the Indian Sunderbans



see http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/developmental-issues/Now-a-climate-model-for-Sunderbans/articleshow/28489807.cms

Jadavpur University received many more enquires about the ESPA Deltas Project in India
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UNESCO Workshop: Learning from dealing with dynamic deltas 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Robert Nicholls was asked to engage in the above workshop where discussion centred around the role of the science-policy interface in Delta Governance worldwide

Links were made with the Mayor of Khulna (the major urban area in ESPA Deltas Bangladesh study site)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UNESCO conference on Sustainability Science presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Espa Deltas project was invited to a UNESCO conference on the applications of sustainability science to their Asian Pacific activities.

Engagement with UNESCO and the MEXT of Japan (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science and Technology) in developing a document that highlights the role & application of the science underpinning sustainable development . The ESPA Deltas project was
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Workshop 18-19 October 2010, BUET, Dhaka, Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 1) Establish a knowledge base for workshop participants through the generation of key documentation by consortium members

2) Manage and implement a field trip & workshop in region to establish research criteria and policy impacts

3) Generate a consortium wide peer reviewed conceptual position paper highlighting key findings and implications of workshop

4) Generate a substantively reviewed and evidence based research proposal for the alleviation of Poverty through ecosystems services in the context of policy intervention for the ESPA

Workshop: October 18-19, 2010 Venue- BUET, Dhaka

Field Investigation: October 20-22, 2010 Venue- Sundarban, Khulna
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Workshop on Science-Policy Interaction in Adaptive Delta Planning: Sharing key features of Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 and ESPA Deltas Plan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The aim of this Policy-Science interaction exercise was to share salient features of proposed strategies of Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (BDP 2100) and the major research outcomes of BUET administered research project titled as "Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Deltas" among the scientific community/researchers/experts of different fields and the policy planners of various government ministries/divisions/departments
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop oral presentation (Edinburgh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 11. Lucy Bricheno, Judith Wolf and Akm Saiful Islam, (2013) ESPA river deltas Bangladesh project" Oral Presentations at the 4th UK FVCOM workshop, Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Workshop presentation (Oban) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Lucy Bricheno, AKM Saiful Islam, Judith Wolf (2014) "Ecosystem Services And Poverty Alleviation In Populous Deltas" Oral presentation at the 5th UK-FVCOM workshop at SAMS Oban 17-18 November 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014