Flow & Benthic Ecology 4D (FLOWBEC)

Lead Research Organisation: Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Department Name: Plymouth Marine Lab

Abstract

FLOWBEC aims at measuring FLOW, Water Column and Benthic ECology in 4 dimensions to assess the potential effects of Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the environment. It addresses clear knowledge gaps identified by NERC, DEFRA and UKERC in the effects of MREDs on flow conditions, habitats and ecological interactions. It will use a wealth of observation techniques above and under water, ranging from radar to sonar and in situ measurements, to be deployed over 2 years at 3 key sites around the UK. These measurements will feed into models of ecological interactions and habitat preferences, allowing predictions of the multiple effects of large MRED arrays.
Being fully cross-disciplinary, this project will engage different academic beneficiaries at each stage. Researchers in the field of instrument design (in the laboratory and at sea) will benefit from our experience in building the different systems and adapting them to long-term deployments on the seabed, in extremely challenging environments. This will be done by carefully planned Knowledge Exchange activities and open-access publication of our results, as well as exchange of personnel. The avenues opened for continuous imaging of complex and dynamic 3-D structures will be useful to researchers in other fields associated with ecological systems and marine structures, but also in medical 4-D imaging.

Planned Impact

See lead proposal

Publications

10 25 50
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Bell P (2014) FLow and Benthic ECology 4D - FLOWBEC - an overview in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewable Energy Technologies (EIMR2014), 28 April - 02 May 2014, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Scotland

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Bell P (2014) FLow and Benthic ECology 4D - FLOWBEC - an overview in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewable Energy Technologies (EIMR2014), 28 April - 02 May 2014, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Scotland

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Holland R (2016) Bridging the gap between energy and the environment in Energy Policy

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Skákala J (2016) Using multifractals to evaluate oceanographic model skill MULTIFRACTAL METRICS FOR MODELS in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

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Waggitt JJ (2014) A combination of empirical and modelled datasets reveals associations between deep diving seabirds and oceanographical processes at fine spatiotemporal scales in a high energy habitat in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewable Energy Technologies (EIMR2014)

 
Description The main objective of FLOWBEC within PML was to develop and implement coupled hydrodynamic-ecosystem models in areas of marine energy activity to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of marine energy extraction. To that end, PML has implemented the hydrodynamic (e.g. water flow, ocean temperature and salinity) model FVCOM in three different geographical areas: The Irish Sea to evaluate wind farm effects on the regional circulation, Celtic Sea/Bristol Channel, Western Channel and southern North Sea to evaluate marine energy extraction in and around the Wavehub and Bristol Channel, and northern Scotland and the Orkney's. The main results from this work suggest that FVCOM is an appropriate tool for resolving the small-scale impacts of individual marine energy devices (MEDs) like the three dimensional wake effects of wind-farm pylons and that multiple devices can be resolved simultaneously to evaluate cumulative impacts. Our work also indicates that far-field effects (many MED size away) of multiple MED's are not negligible but highly complex. Because they mostly arise from the interaction of the tides with the MED's the impacts need to be evaluated in domains covering a substantially larger area than the area of interest. In our case, this means that the impacts of wind farms planned for the Irish Sea, require a model domain that includes both the Celtic Sea and the south-west of Scotland. The impacts can be found in the slow residual currents that arise from the asymmetry in the tidal currents and therefore will have implications for ecosystem components that rely on these slow currents for their survival like larval dispersion.
Exploitation Route This model framework allows the detailed evaluation of the implication of multiple MED's at both the short and long time scales. The results indicate that much care needs to be put in the design and implementation of fine-scale models as the results will be impacted by factors such as the domain size and boundary conditions. Our approach can be used to investigate the potential benefits arising from MED's farms as de-facto Marine Protected Areas (potential to act as nursery areas), their impact on changes in connectivity between coastal sites and offshore farms and their potential for hosting aquaculture activities within them. These tools will also be applicable to other areas where environmental impacts are hypothesised but require resolving the marine environment in fine detail such as aquaculture activites, coastal anthropogenic interventions (i.e. dredging activities, harbour design, coastal pollution).
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Energy,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism

URL http://noc.ac.uk/project/flowbec
 
Description The coupling of ERSEM, one of the most advanced ecosystem models, to FVCOM, a state of the art hydrodynamic model, opens the possibility of making detailed and comprehensive ecosystem simulations at scales (order of 100m or less) that have never been achievable with any other implementation of ERSEM. This will have direct implications for the biogeochemical modelling of estuaries as well as small scale impacts from marine renewable energy activities. The tools developed here allow for direct simulations and evaluation of ecosystem impacts related to a large variety of stressors like anthropogenic pollution, CO2 leaks arising from CCS activities, diffuse pollution and marine renewable energy activities.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description EU H2020 SFS-11b-2015 - Consolidating the environmental sustainability of European aquaculture
Amount € 6,918,512 (EUR)
Funding ID Project ID: 678396 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 02/2020
 
Description IMMERSE: Improving Models for Marine EnviRonment SErvices
Amount € 4,998,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 821926 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 12/2018 
End 12/2022
 
Description PML-UoE research fund
Amount £5,575 (GBP)
Organisation Plymouth Marine Laboratory 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 06/2015
 
Description PRIMROSE: Predicting Risk and Impact of Harmful Events on the Aquaculture Sector
Amount € 2,000,000 (EUR)
Organisation INTERREG IIIC North 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 11/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Title FVCOM implementations. 
Description Implementation of FVCOM in the UK wide shelf (3D) as well as regional domains for the EMEC site (Scotland) and the Wavehub site ( Cornwall). Other European regional implementations include the Western Mediterranean (Alboran Sea). New local and high resolution implementations (sub km resolution) include the Plymouth Western Coastal Observatory domain (UK), the Ria de Vigo (North West Spain), as well as the Nador Lagoon in North Morocco. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The model outputs have been/are currently being used in three PhD projects, one within the FLOWBEC NERC project (James Waggitt, Aberdeen University), and others through NERC studentships (Samantha Cox and Marcus Zanacchi, both at university of Plymouth). Model output have been submitted to a dedicated FP7 project MEDINA GEOSS server (http://www.medinageoportal.eu) for the Nador Lagoon implementation. The UK wide model implementation has been shared with NOCL staff. The Ria de Vigo implementation has contributed to a Spanish funded project (STRAMIX). 
URL http://www.medinageoportal.eu
 
Title FVCOM matlab toolbox 
Description Development of an FVCOM (Finite Volumen Coastal Ocean Model) matlab toolbox for the automatic generation of input files for FVCOM and for postprocessing and plotting of FVCOM simulation results. The implementation is domain independent. This toolbox is updated regularly and distributed under MIT license. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This toolbox is now being distributed together with the FVCOM code by the FVCOM development team. As such, it has given PML, in particular the fine-scale team at PML, world-wide exposure. In our experience, this toolbox has reduced the time required for the implementation of FVCOM in a new domain by more than 70%. It has also reduced the time needed for evaluating and modifying existing FVCOM implementations and it has probably made the process more accessible to new users. We believe the increase in the use of FVCOM in UK science is partly a direct consequence of this toolbox having been made publicly available and continuously updated. 
URL https://gitlab.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/fvcom/fvcom-toolbox
 
Title FVCOM model outputs for the UK shelf 
Description FVCOM hydrodynamic model output supplied to MERP research programme. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Paper published using this data. Fieldwork campaigns informed by the outcomes of the model outputs. 
 
Title FVCOM-ERSEM implementation in the Conwy estuary and surrounding coastal areas 
Description We have implemented a realistic setup of the hydrodynamic model FVCOM and the biogeochemical model ERSEM in the North Wales area including both Anglesey coastal areas and the Conwy estuary. The model is nested within our Western UK shelf FVCOM-ERSEM model. We have simulated 2005. The results constitute a preliminary version which we will update during 2018. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This is the first time the biogeochemistry of the Conwy has been simulated at the resolution of this model. The main purpose of the model is to evaluate the main processes involved in the processing of terrestrial organic matter which will happen during 2018. The setup is suitable for the study of marine renewable energy impacts on marine biogeochemistry. It could similarly be used to evaluate the potential growth of the mussel farms located near the Menai Straight. 
 
Title Model output in support of MSc Marine Renewable Energy at Plymouth University 
Description PML provided hydrodynamic model output (tidal currents and sea surface elevation) from the implementation of FVCOM in the South West UK 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The students prepared a course work on the economic feasibility of tidal energy extraction in several areas of the South West UK based on 2 months worth of model output prepared by PML. 
 
Title Offline code coupling of FVCOM and ERSEM 
Description ERSEM has been coupled offline with the 3D unstructured grid model FVCOM. The model has been tested in a small coastal lagoon. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This computer model is currently in the UK FVCOM Wiki and SVN repository and it is accessible to all UK users of FVCOM who have registered with PML. The new code enables multiple runs of FVCOM-ERSEM at a substantial reduced computer time/power costs. By maintaining the same hydrodynamic solutions, ERSEM can be used to simulate what-if scenarios that are only related to biogeochemical conditions and do not affect the hydrodynamics. The ecosystem model ERSEM is now publicly available through the SSB NERC program. FVCOM-ERSEM code will track future developments of ERSEM taking place within the SSB and MERP programs. 
 
Title Online coupling of FVCOM and ERSEM 
Description The 3D unstructured grid model FVCOM has been coupled to the ecosystem model ERSEM. Testing and comparison of results between existing POLCOMS-ERSEM implementations and FVCOM-ERSEM are planned for 2013-2014. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This developmental tool enables the investigation of the bio-physical interactions that occur at fine time and spatial scales, particularly in the near-shore regions. This tool will have strong applications in marine renewable energy, marine aquaculture, coastal ecology and pollution. 
 
Description Bangor University 
Organisation Bangor University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Model results generated by me have been analysed by James Waggit at Bangor to help interpret the behaviour of seabirds.
Collaborator Contribution Paper manuscripts.
Impact Two peer-reviewed papers so far with a third in the works. Multiple conference presentations.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Lancaster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Scottish Association For Marine Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description SAMS 
Organisation Scottish Association For Marine Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration between us and SAMS for configuration of our common modelling tools. In particular, this has been for the configuration of the atmospheric model we use.
Collaborator Contribution Help setting up and troubleshooting model configurations and data sources.
Impact We have generated a decade of atmospheric model outputs which we use for a range of modelling applications. These results have also been included in a peer-reviewed publication.
Start Year 2012
 
Title FVCOM Python Toolbox 
Description Python tools for interrogating FVCOM model data. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Significantly speeds up post-processing model outputs. Also increasing use in parallel processing of outputs and inputs for FVCOM. 
URL https://gitlab.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/fvcom/pyfvcom
 
Title FVCOM toolbox 
Description Provide pre- and post-processing tools for the FVCOM hydrodynamic model. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The toolbox has been included in the official release of FVCOM. 
URL https://gitlab.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/fvcom/fvcom-toolbox
 
Description 8th UK FVCOM Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a talk at the 8th UK FVCOM Workshop entitled "PML's approach to FVCOM modelling, set up and validation". Publicising PML's work with FVCOM has meant that, for example, our recent job advert has received interest from people present at the workshop. In addition, I was asked to present PML's modelling work to Marine Scotland Science with a view to exploring potential future colloborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AMEMR conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented work on the riverine impacts on offshore aquaculture (poster and presentation) at this year's AMEMR conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.amemr.com/
 
Description Attended the Offshore Renewable Energy Supergen Hub meeting in London to represent PML's science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended the Offshore Renewable Energy Supergen Hub meeting in London to represent PML's science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Contributed to the modelling group's presentation to the ISO9001 assessor 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Contributed to the modelling group's presentation to the ISO9001 assessor
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description FVCOM workshop in Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a talk at the 8th UK FVCOM Workshop entitled "Biogeochemical modelling with FVCOM". The talk exemplified the contributions PML is making to the community model FVCOM and how the additional functionality can help tackle a much wider range of topics than what was previously possible with FVCOM. The talk has instigated the gradual uptake of our biogeochemical model ERSEM by groups in the US. The additions will be part of future regular releases of FVCOM by the UMASSD development team led by Dr. C. Chen at The Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Modelling Laboratory (MEDML) at the School for Marine Science and Technology, University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://fvcom.smast.umassd.edu/
 
Description Invited seminar to the National Oceanography Centre on Offshore renewable energy device interactions with shelf seas environment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of main findings from FLOWBEC activities to a group of professionals interested in shelf sea modelling and observations. Detail of presentation:
Cazenave, P; Torres, R; Allen, JI. 2014 Offshore renewable energy device impacts on seasonally stratified seas around the UK: an unstructured modelling approach. [Lecture] In: National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, Seminar Series, National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, 2014/12/10. (Unpublished)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://plymsea.ac.uk/6851/
 
Description MMO evidence gathering meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation in a phone conference organised by the MMO with other SW stakeholders under the Marine Planning Summer Engagement workshops on Ports and Coastal development. We reviewed the work done by the MMO so far in terms of identifying and evaluating Issues, Causes and Effects. This was a contribution to their process in setting up the Marine Planning draft for the South West.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Marine Scotland Science's Scottish Shelf Model workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was an invited speak for Marine Scotland Science's Scottish Shelf Model workshop in Edinburgh, where I presented PML's modelling tools and their use, particularly FVCOM-ERSEM and FVCOM-ERSEM-ShellSIM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://marine.gov.scot/data/scottish-shelf-model-workshop-june-2017
 
Description Modelling of the marine environment for Energy resource assessment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Two hour lecture to MSc students of Marine Renewable Energy course from the Unisversity of Plymouth

MSc students requested model outputs to use in their end of year project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Offshore wind Challenger society conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation of results of our investigations on the impacts of offshore wind farms on the local and regional hydrodynamics. We have highlighted the potential for offshore wind farms using monopole foundations to affect the stratification, local residual velocities and regional residual currents with the potential to impact on the structure of the tides at the shelf scale.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at FVCOM UK workshop in Oban, Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attendance and presentation of results from PML activities with model FVCOM. This workshops are held regularly and aim at promoting exchange of best practices and resources among UK users of hydrodynamic ocean model FVCOM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://plymsea.ac.uk/6881/
 
Description Presentation at Plymouth Marine Laboratory Seminar series. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar intended to publicise the main findings of our work within FLOWBEC project as well as sharing the new approaches we have taken to evaluate impacts that can occur at a wide range of scales simultaneously.
Cazenave, P; Torres, R; Allen, JI. 2015 Offshore wind farm impacts on seasonally stratified seas: an unstructured modelling approach. [Lecture] In: PML Seminar Series, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, 2014/04/08.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://plymsea.ac.uk/6854/
 
Description Presented PML's work on modelling of carbon in UK waters to Marine Scotland Science. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave an overview of PML's work on modelling of carbon in UK waters to Marine Scotland Science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presented PML's work on modelling of carbon in UK waters to the Marine Management Organisation. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented PML's work on modelling of carbon in UK waters to the Marine Management Organisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Research workshop with East China Normal University, Shanghai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact During October 24-26, 2016, the Workshop on Modelling coastal ecosystems in China was held in SKLEC-NIVA Centre for Marine and Coastal Research, State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research (SKLEC), East China Normal University, Shanghai. Modeling Scientists from Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), Middle East Technical University (METU), Technical University of Denmark (DTU), along with Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) have participated in the workshop.
Discussions focused on Modeling Coastal and Shelf Ecosystems, with three main challenges: 1) Downscaling to local scale and back again, 2) Delivering relevant knowledge for end-users and 3) An integrated international effort towards delivering relevant new knowledge for studies on socio-ecological systems. Free discussions among different themes were also very hot before the end of the workshop. The workshop organisation concluded that future cooperation in projects, research, and papers were needed, and proposed to form an international modeling task team in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Stakeholders meeting in Nador to evaluate potential activities to monitor eutrophication threats to Nador lagoon as a result of climate change and anthropogenic activities. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The stakeholders meeting was organised by the local government of Nador in collaboration with investors behind the MarChica development project. Many local stakeholder groups were also present, from local fisherman organisations to the University of Nador. In addition to presenting results from the EU project MEDINA, scientists and local stakeholders were involved in a Scenario analysis by participatory process. The results of the workshop will be used to better define the monitoring and development strategy for the Nador lagoon.

The workshop rose very high interest and was very well attended. We have made contact with the local university to enhance data exchange. All data that were presented at the workshop are publicly available through the MEDINA project geoportal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Tamar tidal energy scheme meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Meeting between local industry representatives and Iridescent Ideas CLC, a social enterprise management firm. The meeting aimed at discussing the steps needed to assess the feasibility of developing a community micro tidal energy project in the Tamar. I presented the resources that PML can offer to support the study as well as a general discussion on the characteristics and dynamics of the Tamar estuary and how these could support tidal energy extraction. We briefly discussed the different commercial technologies available for such a project and what role PML Applications could play in supporting the project. The attendees grew their awareness of the multiple steps needed for developing the project further and of the wide range of skills that PML can provide.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit to Cambodia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact During a visit to Cambodia for the ACCORD project, we met with a wide range of people, from government officials keen to utilise the opportunity afforded them by the project to develop a monitoring capability in Cambodia. Their intention is to train and set up a regular marine sampling programme to monitor water quality. We discussed potential approaches within the context of their funding.

We also met with an NGO (Marine Conservation Cambodia) with a strong involvement in the protection of the newly create Marine Protected Areas. During the meeting, a preliminary plan was developed for a fieldwork campaign. Modelling and remote sensing data were also demonstrated for subsequent use and planning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop on tidal lagoons (Bangor, Wales) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 50 people attended the event including 30 academics and representatives from industry and third sector and environmental managers. The main objective was to examine the tidal range resource over a variety of timescales, including climate change, and how the resource can best be optimized and the environmental impacts of multiple tidal lagoons within a region. Resulting from discussions three draft review articles have started; one on resource and optimization and two on the impacts of tidal lagoons. It is hoped that these will feed into the forthcoming independent review by the Department of Energy & Climate Change into the feasibility and practicality of tidal lagoons in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016