Diagnosing Earth's Energy Pathways in the Climate system (DEEP-C)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Reading
Department Name: Meteorology

Abstract

A global warming trend since the 1970s has slowed over the most recent 10-15 years despite the continuing build up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (due primarily to the burning of fossil fuels). Our proposed research seeks to understand the reasons for this "hiatus" in global warming and in particular the roles of the ocean and atmosphere in contributing to this hiatus through movement of energy around the climate system. This will help us monitor changes in climate and understand the processes that are important in enabling us to predict climate change more accurately over the coming decades.

Warming of the planet is caused by a small yet persistent imbalance between the amount of sunlight absorbed by the Earth and the outgoing flow of thermal (infra-red) radiative energy constantly emanating from our planet to space: if more energy is arriving than leaving then the climate heats up. To understand why the heating has apparently slowed requires a detailed assessment of the flows of energy arriving from space, how this energy is transported by the atmosphere, taken up by the surface ocean and subducted deep below the sea surface. Previously, scientists had identified a discrepancy between these energy flows, or "missing energy" in the climate. A primary objective to the proposed research program is to resolve the discrepancy between these energy flows and understand the root causes of the hiatus in the warming of the Earth's surface.

Our proposed project combines the latest, improved satellite measurements of Earth's radiative energy imbalance (reflected sunlight and emitted thermal radiation) with our best estimates of energy flows in the atmosphere (from reanalysis simulations) and detailed 3-dimensional ocean heating measurements made by thousands of automated floating buoys, to determine the observed flows of energy in the climate system. We will combine these measurements with state-of-the-art depictions of Earth's climate from sophisticated computer simulations to understand the mechanisms by which the build up of energy due to greenhouse gas increases is redistributed into the oceans.

It is plausible that increased amounts of reflective aerosols in the atmosphere (due to human activities or naturally through emissions by volcanic eruptions) may have diminished the heating of the planet. However, our preliminary analyses lead us to the hypothesis that in fact more heat has been entering the deep ocean rather than heating the planets surface. Getting to the bottom of this question is vital for understanding current climate variability and future change over the coming 10 years or more. We consider that the research is also important for understanding regional sea level rise (since warmer water occupies a larger volume leading to rising sea level), fluctuations in clouds and whether they magnify or reduce warming tendencies (climate feedbacks) and simulating the ocean circulation and heat uptake, crucial for representing climate change over the coming decades.

We consider that this research is only possible by combining the expertise from three institutions (the University of Reading, the National Oceanography Centre Southampton and the Met Office) covering satellite data, reanalyses of the atmosphere and ocean, ocean measurements and numerical computer simulations of the climate system. The current planetary changes are unusual and present a timely opportunity for understanding how our climate system works: to discover the cause of the global warming hiatus and to understand and simulate the mechanisms important in representing climate variability and change over the coming decades.

Planned Impact

This project will investigate the reasons for the apparent slow down in surface warming over the globe since 2000. This apparent slow down is often quoted by groups sceptical about climate change as evidence that anthropogenic climate change is not happening and that the models used to make projections of climate change are flawed, thus casting doubt on the credibility of climate science. It is important that we engage the general public in this project and present an objective picture of the scientific understanding of climate change as well as educating the public in the way that scientific research is carried out. This research is particularly valuable since it deals with the fundamental driver of climate change, Earth's energy balance, and how this energy is redistributed in the oceans, in addition to utilising exciting new satellite instruments, automated ocean profiling floats and state-of-the-art climate simulations.

These developments will also be of substantial interest to the UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) who need briefings on the latest science to be more effective in international negotiations on climate change (through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).

This project will not provide projections of future climate directly, but the results will help the wider scientific community to improve predictions of climate and climatic impacts - such as regional temperature, precipitation and sea-level - for the coming decades (e.g., through Met Office PI on the project). Therefore, this project will deliver information that is highly relevant to the field of climate change adaptation. Results from the project will be particularly valuable to the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment UK, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Committee on Climate Change (CCC).

Comparisons between the satellite and ocean datasets will be of interest to the NASA project partners in terms of assessing quality of data products, allowing efficient exchange of ideas and prioritising datasets for the climate community.

Publications

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Allan R (2017) Decadal climate variability and the global energy balance in Past Global Changes Magazine

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Allan Richard P. (2017) Elusive origin of warming slowdown in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE

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Allan RP (2014) Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012. in Geophysical research letters

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Blunden J (2017) State of the Climate in 2016 in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

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Blunden J (2017) State of the Climate in 2016 in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

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Desbruyères D (2016) Observational Advances in Estimates of Oceanic Heating in Current Climate Change Reports

 
Description 1) Research has shown that Earth is continuing to heat up since it is absorbing more sunlight energy than it is losing to space through emitted heat. Energy is currently building up at the rate of 0.6 Watts for each square metre of the globe (equivalent to 150 billion two-kilowatt kettles continuously boiling the oceans). We find that climate simulations are able to capture variations in this heating rate due to natural factors such as volcanoes (which cool the planet) and changes in the ocean relating to El Niño/La Niña (which have both cooling and heating effects). We also find that heating of the planet increased from the 1985-1999 period to the 2000-2012 period, despite slowing in the rate of surface warming. This suggests that the extra energy is warming deeper layers of the ocean.
2) We find this energy "imbalance" is mostly observed south of the equator (southern hemisphere). Our calculations show that ocean currents move a large proportion of this extra energy across the equator to the seas in the northern hemisphere while atmospheric winds move a smaller fraction of energy back south across the equator. Importantly, we discovered that simulations showing an unrealistic northward flow of energy by winds blowing across the equator also have rainfall patterns that do not match our observations.
3) A peak in ocean heating rate measured by ocean data in the early 2000s is likely to be unrealistic based on analysis of satellite data and detailed computer simulations since 1960.
4) Work by DEEP-C Met Office partners exploited thousands of years of climate model simulations to quantify there is a 1 in 6 chance of the current hiatus continuing for another 5 years but notes that surge in surface warming (particularly over the Pacific, Arctic, southern Africa and South America) is more probable.
5) We have developed a new dataset that estimates regional energy flows into the ocean that is based on satellite measurements combined with atmospheric energy flows from a combination of observations and simulations. This is being used by other researchers to understand current changes in climate and by Met Office partners to improve process simulated in climate models that are used to make projections of future climate change.
6) By applying detailed calculations to observations and simulations we have discovered that heat content in the upper well-mixed layer of the ocean is determined by the flux of energy into the ocean surface in some regions but determined by horizontal flows of energy due to ocean currents in other regions.
Exploitation Route Further collaboration and dissemination of results.
Sectors Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/research/DEEP-C.html
 
Description Findings have been used to: 1) Develop improved models for climate prediction services through Met Office collaborations 2) Inform Policy through discussion with DECC and results will be cited in the upcoming IPCC AR6 report 3) Inform the general public through interaction with Science Media Centre, Carbon Brief and multiple media channels (including news outlets and TV broadcasts) plus schools
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description NERC Highlights Topics - SMURPHS
Amount £3,008,179 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N006054/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2015 
End 11/2019
 
Title DEEP-C top of atmosphere and surface energy fluxes 1985-2016 
Description In order to study which mechanisms explain the reduced global surface warming rate since around 2000, and where the excess energy is due to rising greenhouse gas, the radiation fluxes (OLR, ASR and NET) at the top of atmosphere (TOA) prior to the CERES period are reconstructed using satellite observations, atmospheric reanalysis (ERA-Interim) and AMIP5 model simulations. The new approach using the mass-corrected atmospheric energy divergencies (transports) from ERA-Interim is employed to estimate the net surface energy fluxes. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use of data in multiple publications. 
URL http://researchdata.reading.ac.uk/111/
 
Description Collaboration with Met Office Hadley Centre and Global Numerical Weather Prediction Model 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Ongoing collaboration on publications and model development in the area of the global energy and water cycles
Collaborator Contribution Met Office partners have provided climate and NWP model data, expertise and research outcomes.
Impact Multiple research outputs, advances in model development and policy-relevant advice
 
Description NASA Langley 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department NASA Langley Research Centre
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed research and consultation
Collaborator Contribution Contributed expertise on satellite data and research
Impact Various research outputs
Start Year 2011
 
Description 2013 - Caversham Primary Year 6 jobs fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Dialogue and activities were introduced to small groups of Year 6 pupils to help them make decisions about future career directions.

The teachers and pupils improved their understanding of a career in Science and Meteorology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/MISC/CPSthanks.png
 
Description 2013 Climate Change Panel as part of RMetS amateur Meteorology conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A large group of amateur meteorologists attended the panel discussion, contributing questions.

Feedback from the delegates was good.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/MISC/RMetS-panel2013.jpg
 
Description 2013 Introduction to Weather and Climate Adult education course 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A 10 week Adult Education course involving talks and activities was presented which generated many questions and interaction.

Requests for more information and application to the follow on course from students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/CONTED/weather.html
 
Description 2013 Outreach talk: Climate Change: the facts and current thinking, 3 Counties Women's Institute Science Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A local interest group attended the lecture which sparked many questions.

Requests for further talks were received after publishing the slides.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/SHALFORD_CLIMATE_TALK.pdf
 
Description 2013 Radiative constraints on current and future changes in the global water cycle, Gordon Research Conference on Radiation and Climate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited to give keynote talk on primary climate issues relating to Earth's energy budget and the water cycle. This generated many questions and requests for future collaboration.

Changed views on aspects of climate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_GRC2013.pdf
 
Description 2013 Year 12 Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I organised a weather and climate symposium for Year 12 pupils from the local region to stimulate discussion and improve thinking. This included a DEEP-C presentation outlining latest results.

Feedback from teachers was mainly good although some feedback informed how we conduct this activity in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_Y12_warming_2013.pdf
 
Description 2013 Year 9/10 Meteorology Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I organised a days activities covering observations, experimentation and numerical simulation of weather for Year 9/10 students which generated questions and altered views.

Feedback from teachers was excellent and there were requests for more activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/resources.html#METDAY
 
Description 2014 - Changes in Earth's Radiation Budget: DEEP-C Introduction and WP1 update, DEEP-C project meeting, Met Office, October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk updated group and Met Office staff on project results and wider literature.

Increased interest in project and recent research from Met Office staff.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_DEEP-C_2014.pdf
 
Description 2014 - Extreme Weather Caversham Primary Schoolnd 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talks and hands-on activities to Year 3 pupils at Caversham Primary school generated unbounded enthusiasm and many, many questions!

A parent told me that their son bought a book on the weather.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/activities.html
 
Description 2014 - From the west African monsoon up to planetary climate change: synergy between Earth radiation budget measurements CERES/GERB/ScaRaB joint International Science Team meeting,, Toulouse, October 9th 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The talk sparked questions and follow-up research plans and collaborations.

A follow up collaboration was initiated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_ERB_2014.pdf
 
Description 2014 - Science article written for The Conversation: Is Atlantic Ocean key in explaining surface warming slowdown? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The article sparked a number of informed comments which were fully engaged with and helped in changing thinking of professional practitioners and the general public.

The editor asked me to consider writing further articles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://theconversation.com/heat-accumulating-deep-in-the-atlantic-has-put-global-warming-on-hiatus-3...
 
Description 2014 Adult Education Course on Climate Change: Past, Present and Future 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 10 week Adult Education course for members of the public which generated many questions and discussions.

Requests for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/CONTED/climate.html#SLIDES
 
Description 2014 DEEP-C results presented at EGU conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact DEEP-C work was presented to many international researchers at the EGU assembly

This stimulated interest and potential collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2014/EGU2014-11010-2.pdf
 
Description 2014 Earth's Climate from Space, Talk to Eddington Astronomical Society, Kendal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk to an astronomical society followed by questions and then discussion

Request for more information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/EDDINGTON_TALK_ALLANRP.pdf
 
Description 2014 Extreme Weather and the Latest Climate Change Science, Highworth PROBUS club Blunsden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk to an audience of retired professionals which sparked questions and requests for further engagement activities.

Changed views and was approached for a similar event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/PROBUS_CLIMATE_TALK.pdf
 
Description 2014 Global Warming and Extremes of Weather, Talk to Y12 pupils from Sandhurst School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Latest science was presented to Y12 Geographers to stimulate thinking.

Feedback from the school teachers (including headmaster) was excellent
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/Y12GEOG_CLIMATE_EXTREMES.pdf
 
Description 2014 IPCC updates for Science Teachers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Booklets and online material was developed to update Science and Geography teachers on the Science of Climate Change based upon new results assessed in the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. These consisted of 10 figures with explanation and links to the report and frequently asked questions as well as links to aspects of the National Curriculum including the new GCSE curriculum. Material was developed and booklets printed and disseminated to schools with additional links to online content.

This activity is ongoing but so far there have been hits on the website indicating initial uptake. This will be evaluated further.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.metlink.org/climate/pcc-updates-science-teachers/
 
Description 2014 The importance of upper tropospheric water and cloud for climate change, Chalmers University, Gothenburg, Sweden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented to a mix of researchers and members of the public and answered questions at following event

The organiser commended the talk in a follow up email and there was a request to attend a COST-EU action workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP2014_Chalmers.pdf
 
Description 2014 Year 10 Meteorology Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I organised a day of activities in my department for Year 9/10 pupils covering observations, experimentation and simulation which generated questions and enthusiasm for the subject.

Schools requested more activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/resources.html#METDAY
 
Description 2014/01 - MEDIA: consulted with BBC Horizon about extreme rainfall 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed science of extreme rainfall and climate change with BBC Horizon which improved how the science was explained to a general audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2014/01 MEDIA - Comment on Atmospheric Rivers for Guradian Weather Column 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed science of Atmospheric Rivers and climate change with Guardian writer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.theguardian.com/news/2014/jan/13/weatherwatch-atmospheric-rivers-floods-cumbria
 
Description 2014/02 MEDIA: BBC World Global with Jon Sopel interview on extreme weather and links to climate change (5/2/2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC World Global with Jon Sopel interview on extreme weather and links to climate change (5/2/2014) which helped inform general public about the science of climate change and extreme weather
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2014/02 MEDIA: Channel 4 News interview about the extreme weather and climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Channel 4 News interview about the extreme weather and climate change which improved how the science was explained to a general audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid601325122001?bckey=AQ~~,AAAAAEabvr4~,Wtd2HT-p_Vh4qBc...
 
Description 2014/02 MEDIA: Discussion of causes of slowing in surface warming due to ocean processes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviews with the Guardian, Financial Times, etc about causes of slowing in surface warming due to ocean processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/37930724-917a-11e3-adde-00144feab7de.html#axzz2sqyc12co
 
Description 2014/04 MEDIA: Extended interview on the causes of the 2013/2014 winter flooding and implications of climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Extended interview on the causes of the 2013/2014 winter flooding and implications of climate change that helped to inform general public of the science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.acclimatise.uk.com/network/article/podcast-uk-flooding-professor-richard-allan-climate-sc...
 
Description 2014/05 MEDIA: Britain's most extreme weather Channel 4 documentary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Consulted on "Britain's most extreme weather" Channel 4 documentary to help inform general public about NERC science. Members of the public reported change in views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.channel4.com/programmes/britains-most-extreme-weather/4od
 
Description 2014/07 MEDIA: Talked to Sven Titz about changes in Earth's heating rate (freelance writer for German and Swiss newspapers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Talked to Sven Titz about changes in Earth's heating rate (freelance writer for German and Swiss newspapers) to enhance communication of NERC science to general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.nzz.ch/wissenschaft/klima/kein-erwaermungsstopp-im-meer-1.18353041
 
Description 2014/08 MEDIA: Discussion of slowing in global surface warming with Telegraph and other media outlets. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviews and comments about causes of slowing in global surface warming to enhance science communication via the media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/environment/climatechange/11049540/Global-warming-pause-may-last-fo...
 
Description 2014/09 MEDIA: comments on WMO greenhouse gas bulletin for media 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided comments for Science Media Centre which led to further requests for information and science consultation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-the-world-meteorological-organizations-greenhou...
 
Description 2014/10 MEDIA - BBC radio 2 Jeremy Vine show - comments on naccuracies in Owen Patterson speech 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on BBC radio 2 Jeremy Vine show to comment on inaccuracies of Owen Patterson speech and improve science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04jyjwx
 
Description 2014/12 OUTREACH: A Changing Character of Precipitation in a Warming World: Physical Drivers, Walker Institute Conference on Flooding, University of Reading, December 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A Changing Character of Precipitation in a Warming World: Physical Drivers presentation at Walker Institute Workshop for Industry on Flooding, University of Reading, December 2014. This sparked questions and discussion and requests for further collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.walker-institute.ac.uk/events/floodingDec2014/index.htm
 
Description 2015/01 MEDIA - comment on spurious claims about climate sensitivity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Comment on spurious claims about climate sensitivity by Monckton relayed by Daily Mail to improve science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2015/01/factcheck-scientists-hit-back-at-claims-global-warming-proje...
 
Description 2015/01 MEDIA: Quoted by Reuters news (piece by Alister Doyle on storms) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed paper in Science on Earth's climate as a heat engine and the prediction of more intense less frequent storms to inform public science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/01/29/us-climatechange-storms-idUKKBN0L22HN20150129
 
Description 2015/01 OUTREACH: Extremes of Weather and the Latest Science of Climate Change, Farnham U3A Society Lecture, Farnham, January 7th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Extremes of Weather and the Latest Science of Climate Change talk to Farnham U3A Society, Farnham, January 7th 2015 which changed views of the audience based on direct feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/FARNHAM_CLIMATE_TALK.pdf
 
Description 2015/02 BLOG: Detecting the rising anthropogenic greenhouse effect at the surface 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog discussing recent paper claiming to detect greenhouse effect at the surface which generated questions on twitter from the general public and changed views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/latest/Feldman1502.html
 
Description 2015/03 OUTREACH: Climate change and meteorological drivers of widespread flooding in the UK, EA/Defra/NRW Research and Development (R&D) project board meeting, London, March 26 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Consultation about climate change and meteorological drivers of widespread flooding in the UK, EA/Defra/NRW Research and Development (R&D) project board meeting, London, March 26 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_EAmeeting2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/04 OUTREACH: The role of CMIP in climate research for policy support, CliMathNet workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The role of CMIP in climate research for policy support talk at CliMathNet workshop: Decision analysis for policy support in climate change adaptation and mitigation, Exeter University, 20/21 April 2015 which generated discussion and requests for more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_CliMathNet2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/06 MEDIA: Comment on "No hiatus paper" Karl et al. paper in Science to the Science Media Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Comment on "No hiatus paper" Karl et al. paper in Science to the Science Media Centre which was picked up by Carbon Brief and various media outlets and contributed to improved science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/global-warming-continues-as-temperatures-rise-study-finds-1.310034...
 
Description 2015/06 OUTREACH: University Aspirations Day, Introductory talk for St. John's CE Year 6, 24 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact University Aspirations Day, Introductory talk for St. John's CE Year 6, 24 June 2015 led to questions and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_Year6_Aspirations2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/06 SEMINAR: Current changes in Earth's radiation budget and climate, Seminar, Imperial College London, 2 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Current changes in Earth's radiation budget and climate, Seminar, Imperial College London, 2 June 2015 which generated discussion and changed the audiences opinions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_Imperial_2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/07 DISSEMINATION: Dissemination of NERC science at Our Common Future under Climate Change meeting, Paris, 6-9 July 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of work on Current Changes in Earth's Energy Imbalance and Observed and Simulated Precipitation Responses in Wet and Dry Regimes at Our Common Future under Climate Change meeting, Paris, 6-9 July 2015 which led to further collaborations and requests for more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/Paris2015_Imbalance_AllanRP.pdf
 
Description 2015/07 MEDIA: Interviewed by Radio 4 Today program about new study in Science by Nieves 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Radio 4 Today program about new study in Science confirming that recent surface warming has been suppressed by greater penetration of greenhouse gas heating below the ocean surface layers which helped to enhance science communication to a general audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0612wdc
 
Description 2015/09 BLOG: NCAS Highlight describing DEEP-C work for the general public 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A highlight was written summarising DEEP-C work on calculating energy flows in the climate system and linking simulated energy flow and rainfall biases in simulations. This was downloaded 168 times and retweeted showing interest in gaining more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.ncas.ac.uk/index.php/en/climate-science-highlights/2344-rainfall-patterns-linked-with-en...
 
Description 2015/09 DISSEMINATION: Current changes in Earth's energy imbalance, Talk, RSPSoc/NCEO national meeting, Southampton, 10th September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Current changes in Earth's energy imbalance, Talk, RSPSoc/NCEO national meeting, Southampton, 10th September 2015 generated discussion and requests for more information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_NCEO_2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/10 BLOG: Recent changes in Africa rainfall 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog detailing research results on current changes in Africa rainfall which led to some requests for more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/Data/CurrentWeather/wcd/blog/recent-changes-in-africa-rainfall/
 
Description 2015/10 DISSEMINATION: Air-sea energy fluxes from atmospheric reanalyses, Talk, CLIVAR Workshop on energy flow through the climate system 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Air-sea energy fluxes from atmospheric reanalyses, Talk, CLIVAR Workshop on energy flow through the climate system 29 September - 01 October 2015, Met Office, Exeter generated discussion and plans for related activity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_CliVAR_2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/10 DISSEMINATION: Use of Satellite data within DACCIWA project: discussion, DACCIWA project meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Use of Satellite data within DACCIWA project: discussion, DACCIWA project meeting, Toulouse, 13 October 2015 generated discussion and plans for activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_DACCIWA_Toulouse_2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/10 OUTREACH: Global Climate Change talk at Reading International Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on Global Climate Change at the Reading International Festival, RISC, Reading, October 26th 2015 generated discussion and interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/ClimateChange_RISC2015_AllanRP.pdf
 
Description 2015/11 BLOG: NASA Sensing Our Planet feature: "Missing heat" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact NASA Sensing Our Planet feature: "Missing heat" article disseminating DEEP-C work on the energy budget
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://earthdata.nasa.gov/user-resources/sensing-our-planet/missing-heat
 
Description 2015/11 MEDIA: Get Reading article on flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Get Reading article on flooding which enhanced science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.getreading.co.uk/news/reading-berkshire-news/reading-prepared-fight-floods-again-10452065
 
Description 2015/11 MEDIA: Interviews on BBC Breakfast, BBC News, BBC 5-Live and BBC World about Paris COP climate meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by BBC Breakfast (x2), BBC 5 Live Breakfast, BBC News Channel and BBC World about the Paris COP climate meeting to enhance communication of the science of climate change which resulted in changed views by audience members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://mms.tveyes.com/Transcript.asp?StationID=800&DateTime=11%2F29%2F2015+8%3A13%3A00+AM&LineNumber...
 
Description 2015/11 MEDIA: input to BBC The One Show feature "The Wettest Day" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Input to BBC The One Show feature "The Wettest Day" which enhanced science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0387qmd
 
Description 2015/11 OUTREACH: Helped to run Climate Change MOOC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I developed and helped to run a Massive Open Online Course on Climate Change (Our Changing Climate). Based upon extensive feedback and comments boards audience members requested more information and reported changes in their views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/our-changing-climate
 
Description 2015/11 OUTREACH: Talk on Global Climate Change to the Devizes and District U3A 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Global Climate Change talk to the Devizes and District U3A, Wyvern Club, Devizes, November 24th 2015 which generated discussion and changed the audiences views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/ClimateChange_DevizesU3A_2015_AllanRP.pdf
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA - Talked to 10 BBC radio stations about El Nino and UK extreme weather 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Talked to 10 BBC radio stations about El Nino and UK extreme weather (BBC Somerset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Scotland, Leicester, York, Cornwall, Wales, Stoke, World Service) that enhanced the science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA - discussion of implications of Paris COP climate meeting outcomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussion of outcomes of Paris climate meeting to enhance science communication (inc. Science Media Centre, Wall Street Journal)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.wsj.com/articles/scientists-hail-climate-pact-as-key-step-in-fight-against-warming-145002...
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA: Discussion of UK storms in New Scientist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Discussion of UK storms in New Scientist which generated requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28716-wavy-air-patterns-mean-uks-extreme-storms-are-here-to-s...
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA: Interviewed by Sky News about the Cumbria flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Sky News about the Cumbria flooding to enhance science communication.
https://twitter.com/UniRdg_News/status/673817956242096128/photo/1
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://mms.tveyes.com/Transcript.asp?StationID=530&DateTime=12%2F07%2F2015+10%3A38%3A30+AM&
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA: WeatherWatch article in the Guardian about atmospheric rivers and Cumbria flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact WeatherWatch article in the Guardian about atmospheric rivers and Cumbria flooding to enhance communication of science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/dec/09/weatherwtach-ravilious-cumbria-floods-atmospheric-ribbon...
 
Description 2015/12 OUTREACH: Climate Change - State of the Science talk to Henley in Transition group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Climate Change - State of the Science talk to Henley in Transition, Kings Arms Barn, Henley, December 14th 2015 generated discussion and changed views of audience members
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/ClimateChange_Henley2015_AllanRP.pdf
 
Description 2015/12 OUTREACH: I led the How do we predict the weather? departmental schools event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I led the How do we predict the weather? departmental schools event which led to questions and inspired school kids to study science subjects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/resources.html#METDAY
 
Description 2016/01 - MEDIA Comment on Nature study suggesting delay in next glacial period (Science Media Centre, Telegraph, Carbon Brief) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Comment on Nature study suggesting delay in next glacial period picked up by Science Media Centre, Daily Telegraph and Carbon Brief demonstrating interest and further requests for help.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.carbonbrief.org/human-emissions-will-delay-next-ice-age-by-50000-years-study-says
 
Description 2016/01 - MEDIA Ozone pollution: surprising large role in global rainfall changes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release on paper demonstrating surprising large role for low level ozone pollution on global rainfall changes. A number of tweets from professional practitioners may lead to further discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.reading.ac.uk/news-and-events/releases/PR664553.aspx
 
Description 2016/01 - MEDIA discussion of El Niño, weather patterns & flooding for Science Media Centre and Irish Times/BBC Radio 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of El Niño, weather patterns & flooding and links to climate change for Science Media Centre and Irish Times/BBC Radio 4. Some favourable twitter mentions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-met-office-data-on-decembers-record-breaking-ra...
 
Description 2016/04 - BLOG - Energy flows, rainfall patterns and climate 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog detailing paper deminstrating links between inter-hemispheric differences in the Earth's energy budget and rainfall pattern biases in climate models. Some further discussion suggested changing views of practitioners and students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/weather-and-climate-at-reading/2016/energy-flows-rainfall-patterns-and-cl...
 
Description 2016/04 - MEDIA Science Media Centre comment on recent work comparing hydroclimate proxy data with simulations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Science Media Centre comment on recent work comparing hydroclimate proxy data with simulations. This did not generate much interest as far as I know.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-northern-hemisphere-hydroclimate-variability/
 
Description 2016/04 OUTREACH Weather and Climate: What is happening? talk to Institute of Agricultural Managment Thames Valley Branch - dinner seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed changes in the weather and climate in relation to agriculture and engaged in discussion with professional practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 2016/05 - MEDIA Contributed to Carbon Brief comment on Nature Climate Change paper exploring the climate response if all known fossil fuel reserves were burnt 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Contributed to Carbon Brief comment on Nature Climate Change paper exploring the climate response if all known fossil fuel reserves were burnt. Impacts unknown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.carbonbrief.org/arctic-could-warm-by-17c-if-all-known-fossil-fuels-are-burned-study-says
 
Description 2016/07 - OUTREACH Study Environmental Physics or Meteorology at the University of Reading, Moving on Day, Farnborough 6th Form College, 5th July 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Discussed the importance of Earth observation and mathematical modelling in solving Environmental problems and the benefits of studying Environmental Physics. The school reported interest from prospective students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_Farnborough2016.pdf
 
Description 2016/08 - eFM Korea interview about record high global temperatures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about ongoing heatwave in South Korea with eFM. Gained more Asian twitter followers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.tbs.seoul.kr/efm/Primetime/
 
Description 2016/11 - Contributed to University of Reading Climate Change MOOC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Videos, activities and articles were updated and participation on online discussion ensured learning across a variety of expertise. Many participants reported a change in their own views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/our-changing-climate
 
Description 201609 - Earth's radiation budget and climate NERC Earth Observation Advanced Workshop University of Reading, 8th September 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion of Earth's radiation budget and climate to an Earth Observation Advanced Workshop including results from DEEP-C
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/NERC-EO-Radiation-Budget.pdf
 
Description 201609 - Introduction to Climate Change, Mathematics of Planet Earth Centre for Doctoral Training University of Reading, 5th September 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Provide overview of climate change including DEEP-C research to new postdoctoral students which sparked questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/ClimateChange_MathsCDT_AllanRP.pdf
 
Description 201610 - I commented at the Science Media Centre on a PNAS paper suggesting a smaller anthropogenic aerosol cooling effect 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I commented at the Science Media Centre on a PNAS paper suggesting a smaller anthropogenic aerosol cooling effect and this sparked some debate with professional practitioners. This caused my own views to be questioned but stimulated advanced understanding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-new-study-on-climate-forcing-from-aerosols/
 
Description 201610 - BBC World interview about the recent deal to phase out potent HFC greenhouse gases 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I provided informed perspective to BBC World news channel about the recent deal to phase out potent HFC greenhouse gases
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/MISC/BBCW101516100319.mp4
 
Description 201610 - Current changes in Earth's surface and top of atmosphere energy balance since 1985, ECMWF workshop on Earth's Radiation Budget, Reading, 18-21st October 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact DEEP-C work was disseminated to an international audience which encouraged debate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_ERB_ECMWF_2016.pdf
 
Description 201611 - Evaluation of decadal variability, APPLICATIONS OF SATELLITE CLIMATE DATA RECORDS IN NUMERICAL MODELING, CMSAF/EUMETSAT, ECMWF November 15-17 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research from DEEP-C was disseminated and discussed with users of satellite data and model developers following a talk and within break-out groups. Participants reported changes in views and follow-up discussion ensued.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_CMSAF_2016.pdf
 
Description 201611 - contribution to a Channel 4 news piece on record warmth in 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of the record warmth of 2016 for a general TV audience with some follow-up on twitter and by email.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.channel4.com/news/2016-set-to-be-warmest-on-record
 
Description 2017/03 MEDIA: Response to comment by new head of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) playing down the role of carbon dioxide in driving climate change. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Response to comment by new head of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) playing down the role of carbon dioxide in driving climate change. This was posted as a press release and picked up by news outlets (e.g. Yahoo, Irish News):
http://www.reading.ac.uk/news-and-events/releases/PR713843.aspx
http://www.irishnews.com/magazine/2017/03/10/news/here-s-what-happened-when-trum
p-s-environmental-chief-said-co2-is-not-a-main-cause-of-global-warming-961123/
https://uk.news.yahoo.com/heres-happened-trumps-environmental-chief-170955431.ht
ml
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.reading.ac.uk/news-and-events/releases/PR713843.aspx
 
Description 201701 - Comments on warmest year globally, curious research on "mild" weather and paper suggesting similar temperatures at last interglacial 125,000 years ago despite 6-9m higher sea level than today (Independent, SMC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Comments were made to various media outlets on the research indicating 2016 was the warmest year on record globally, some curious research investigating changes in "mild" weather and on a paper suggesting similar temperatures at last interglacial 125,000 years ago despite 6-9m higher sea level than today (Independent, SMC)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/sea-level-rise-global-warming-climate-change-9-metres-study...
 
Description 2019/01 School visit to discuss The Science of Climate Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A presentation and practical demonstrations on the Science of Climate Change to Year 7/8 and teachers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2019
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP2019Wandsworth.pdf
 
Description Article on DEEP-C and how scientists measure Earth's temperature by Roz Pidcock (Carbon Brief) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Following an interview an article was written and published on Carbon Brief

This generated some additional media attention.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2013/05/how-scientists-take-earth%E2%80%99s-temperature-an-interview...
 
Description Article written for The Conversation on recent research indicating the role of the Atlantic in explaining the surface warming hiatus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article was published which received comments (which were engaged with) and shares on facebook/twitter

I was asked to write further articles and there was interest from the public and researchers. During comments views were altered.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://theconversation.com/heat-accumulating-deep-in-the-atlantic-has-put-global-warming-on-hiatus-...
 
Description Association of Science Educators Conference 2013: Monitoring climate change from space 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The latest science on how and why climate is changing using satellite measurements was presented as a Frontier Science Lecture to teachers and educators at the Association of Science Educators (ASE) National Conference, University of Reading, January 2013.

Requests for further information and involvement were made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_ASE2013.pdf
 
Description BLOG 2018/09 Blog to publicise research on Southern Ocean biases in climate simulations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog outlining new research in which we traced large and long-standing biases in computer simulations of climate, affecting the tempestuous Southern Ocean, to errors in cloud that emerge rapidly within the atmospheric models
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.reading.ac.uk/weather-and-climate-at-reading/2018/cloud-climate-and-the-roaring-40s/
 
Description Comment on recent Nature Climate Change paper by England et al. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An online discussion article was published on a recent paper discussing the role of the Pacific ocean in determining the hiatus in surface warming

This generated media interest including The Guardian:
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/feb/09/global-warming-pause-trade-winds-pacific-ocean-study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/latest.html#England
 
Description Comment on recent Nature paper by Kosaka and Xie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An discussion article regarding a recent Nature paper was published on the DEEP-C website which sparked media attention.

This discussion was used in media articles with mention by the BBC and Independent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/latest.html#Kosaka
 
Description Comments on misleading article in Daily Mail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article was produced and published on the DEEP-C website to inform the general public.

Received interest from media (e.g. Conversation) following publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/latest.html#ROSE
 
Description Communication of DEEP-C research results on natural variability to the media 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research results were communicated to the media, including the guardian, which generated public interest.

Generated many comments and shares on Facebook and Twitter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2014/apr/03/earth-has-fever-glo...
 
Description Communication of DEEP-C results to Royal Society workshop on the hiatus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact 20 leading international scientists attended a focused workshop which stimulated thinking and lead to advances in understanding and research activities.

A report was written to the Royal Society and proposals were developed for NERC (standard and ideas calls).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://royalsociety.org/about-us/history/kavli/
 
Description Contributed to MOOC on Our Changing Climate 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Video and articles. Ongoing monitoring, will update. Based upon extensive feedback and comments boards audience members requersted more information and reported changes in their views.

Will update...
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/our-changing-climate
 
Description DEEP-C results presented at American Meteorological Society Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Physics conference in Boston USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A keynote presentation to international researchers; a screencast video has been published:
https://ams.confex.com/ams/14CLOUD14ATRAD/recordingredirect.cgi/id/27920

Interest was generated
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://ams.confex.com/ams/14CLOUD14ATRAD/webprogram/Paper250244.html
 
Description ENSO blog articler for Climate.Gov: The role of the ocean in tempering global warming 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The article sparked a number of tweets and scored an average of 4.8/5 based on readers.

None reported so far.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/enso/role-ocean-tempering-global-warming
 
Description ISSI workshop 2012: Physically consistent responses in the global atmospheric hydrological cycle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation at a focused workshop on the global hydrological cycle involved presenting a keynote talk outlining the most robust and physically understandable current and future changes in the global hydrological cycle using observations, climate simulations and simple physics. This culminated in a special journal issue and book.

Future collaborations were initiated and research shared.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.issibern.ch/workshops/hydro/
 
Description MEDIA 2017/04 - comments on research highlighting statistical pitfalls of comparing global warming trend 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided quote to Science Media Centre to help informm the public about new research highlighting statistical pitfalls of comparing global warming trend
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-climate-hiatus-statistics/
 
Description MEDIA 2017/09 - Media interviews relating to Hurricane Harvey and Irma 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided interviews and advice to multiple media outlets (BBC 5 Live, BBC News, Telegraph, Science Media Centre, Austrian Broadcasting Centre, ITN News at 10) and interviews to discuss the link between the strength and damage from recent Hurricanes and climate change. This generated questions and requests for further advice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-41347527
 
Description MEDIA2018/10 Multiple media interviews weather and climate (Jan-Sept 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Multiple media interviews on heatwave (Sky News), hothouse Earth paper (BBC News) and Hurricane Florence and super Typhoon Mangkhut (BBC News, Daily Express).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2018
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1017792/Hurricane-Florence-climate-change-atlantic-storms-are-t...
 
Description Meeting with DECC partners in London to discuss project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A face to face meeting with DECC partners in London led to questions and we communicated the goals of the project and where information was available for policy makers as requested.

Continued contact with DECC and the use of project website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/research/DEEP-C.html
 
Description Meteorology Department Seminar 2013: Current changes in Earth's energy imbalance and the global water cycle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar to the department of Meteorology, University of Reading detailing results of the PREPARE project.

Primary results from the PREPARE project, involving Earth's energy balance and links to current and future changes in precipitation and its extremes were presented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_Reading_2013.pdf
 
Description NCAS highlight describing DEEP-C research published on Earth's radiative imbalance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An research highlight was written to disseminate research results to the general public.

This generated additional interest with a blogs on Carbon Brief and Climate Lab Book:
http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2014/07/slow-surface-warming-since-1998-is-not-exceptional-say-scientists/
http://www.climate-lab-book.ac.uk/2014/earths-energy-imbalance/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.ncas.ac.uk/index.php/en/climate-science-highlights/2121-changes-in-earth-s-heating-rate-...
 
Description OUTREACH 2017/11 Was there a pause in global warming? Results from the DEEP-C project, Discussion group, St. Anne's College, University of Oxford, 1st November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Was there a pause in global warming? Results from the DEEP-C (and SMURPHS/NCEO work) projects were debated at a discussion group, St. Anne's College, University of Oxford, 1st November 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_DEEP_C-Oxford.pdf
 
Description OUTREACH 2018/06 A lecture and demonstration of the physics of climate change at Bohunt Wokingham school, 7th June 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The Science of Climate Change lecture and demonstration of the physics of climate change at Bohunt Wokingham school, 7th June 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP2018BohuntClimate.pdf
 
Description Science Media Centre briefing - The recent slowdown in warming at the Earth's surface 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A panel of experts including PI Allan attended a media briefing in London where we outlined current scientific understanding concerning the slowing in global warming at the surface. Around 20 journalists attended.

Many articles in national newspapers (Daily Mail, Independent, Telegraph, Guardian, BBC, Times, Financial Times, Herald Scotland and the Associated Press), radio (e.g. Voice of Russia) and on the BBC were generated and a briefing document produced.
http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/SMC-Briefing-Notes-Recent-Slowdown-in-Global-Temperature-Rise.pdf
http://voiceofrussia.com/uk//2013_07_23/Is-global-warming-on-pause/
http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/latest.html#SMC
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2374777/Global-warming-paused-natural-causes-continue-rise-warn-scientists.html
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/news/recent-pause-in-warming
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/has-global-warming-stopped-no--its-just-on-pause-insist-scientists-and-its-down-to-the-oceans-8726893.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/whats-happened-to-global-temperatures/
 
Description Talk at the GEWEX international conference Trending Now Water 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A presentation was made to international researchers which sparked questions and discussion

Follow up emails requested more information and collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://gewex.org/2014conf/pdfs/16JulyRichardAllanS12_T5.pdf
 
Description Where has the warming gone? talk to the Royal Meteorological Sociaty South East Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation to the RMetS South East group generated questions and discussion.

Further presentations were requested.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_RMetS_2014.pdf