Evaluation Of Soil Moisture Control On Surface Fluxes In Earth System Models (e-stress)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leicester
Department Name: Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Soil water plays a key role in a range of processes which are important for weather and climate. During extended periods without rain, the soil can dry out due to the vegetation transpiring and evaporation of water direct from bare soil surfaces. At some point in this drying cycle, evaporation itself becomes limited by the lack of soil water. Under such water-stressed conditions, there is a change in the way that incoming radiation from the sun is partitioned at the land surface; less energy is required for evapotranspiration so more energy goes into heating up the ground and overlying air. As well as raising air temperatures, this change can have important effects on atmospheric circulations, clouds and rain. As well as these physical effects, thr drying out of soils also has important biogeochemical impacts. The seasonal evolution of crops and natural vegetation is often sensitive to drought, in turn affecting crop yields and natural habitats. In the longer-term, drying soils can trigger changes in the regional composition of vegetation, for example favouring shrubs over trees. Such changes in vegetation are expected to play an important future role in the global climate system; vegetation offsets much of the carbon dioxide which is emitted from man's activities, and loss of trees weakens this carbon sink. Soil water also affects the concentration of a number of other important trace gases, such as ozone and volatile organic compounds. During heatwaves, soil water deficits contribute to high concentrations of such trace gases, as well as high temperatures, with impacts on human health.

We rely on complex numerical codes run on powerful computers to make predictions of the atmosphere. For several decades, weather prediction models have incorporated simple descriptions of how soil water affects the atmosphere. Driven by a growing realisation of the importance of soil and vegetation processes for future climate, land surface models within so-called Earth System Models (ESMs) have become more complex, allowing us to simulate vegetation dynamics and trace gas responses to drought amongst other factors. These models rely on basic equations designed to capture the physical processes of e.g. evapotranspiration and soil drainage at a point in space. However, between locations there are huge and sometimes unknown differences in the nature of vegetation and soil which control these processes. All the same, the ESMs apply these equations over diverse areas of many thousands of square kilometres. Critically, there are no accurate in situ measurements at such large spatial scales which can be used to check how well the model simulates key land processes.

This project will exploit the availability of images collected by satellites over recent years. These can provide both spatial detail (down to 1km) and global coverage of key land properties. We will look at how the temperature of the land surface rises as the soil dries, how long a dry spell is required for these temperatures to rise, and how they influence the occurrence of heat waves. We will look at these relationships at the same coarse spatial scale as the ESMs and identify which regions and vegetation types are more prone to drought stress. We will produce several measures which for the first time, will allow us to test how well the key processes are represented by the ESMs across the globe. We will identify specific weaknesses within the UK ESM, and also evaluate a number of other models used for the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to make projections of future climate. We will make our new observational datasets available to climate and weather modelling groups around the world. This will allow the next generation of ESMs to benefit from our research, and in turn contribute to improved prediction on time scales from hours to decades.

Planned Impact

As well as having considerable scientific impact (as outlined in the academic beneficiaries section), this project will strongly support impact through four major routes:

1. Effective engagement with government departments, such as DECC, Defra and DFID, concerned with policy and environment regulation .
2. The operational meteorological community who would also wish to implement model benchmarking and process improvement in land surface models for numerical weather prediction (NWP).
3. The space agencies and space industry which wish to understand the exploitation of EO data, the utility of satellite instruments for EO, and the future scenarios and instrument requirements for new missions both in the scientific and commercial sectors.
4. Outreach into schools to demonstrate the value of research, the power of and need for satellite observations and Earth System Models (ESM), and to encourage and learn from school children about their interests in STEM subjects.

Much of our impact activity in this project will be leveraged through investments and activities on-going in these areas but with a specific focus on EO exploitation and ESM model testing implications. Extreme temperature events will be a particular focus. Government departments will be engaged both through existing contacts and through our commitment to programme-wide initiatives in the NERC ESM projects and in LWEC. Operational organisations will be targetted through a specific workshop. The space sector will be informed both through national interactions, e.g. with the Space Catapult and the existing LWEC engagement in this area, and international impact agenda considerations, e.g. through the European Space Agency. Finally, outreach activities will be enhanced through specific topic development (project-related) in the national Space Academy and the peer-reviewed Blue Marble projects.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description The influence of land surface temperature does provide a constraint on soil moisture. Within models, land surface temperature dependences can provide a test of analysed and predicted drought. Therefore land surface temperature datasets should be a valuable resource for the community and this is leading to a growth in the use of the research data sets that we produce (due to their quality).
Exploitation Route The results are being applied by CEH to the evaluation of Earth System Models. The land surface temperature data have been incorporated into public web-sites and are being downloaded by a range of users.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment

 
Description Invited Expert onto the GCOS-TOPC Panel
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description LSTM Mission Advisory Group
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Assessment of the potential use of high resolution Thermal Infra-Red (TIR) bands
Amount € 400,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000120368/17/NL/AF/hh 
Organisation ESA - ESTEC 
Sector Public
Country Netherlands
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2020
 
Description COPERNICUS SPACE COMPONENT VALIDATION FOR LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE, AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH AND WATER VAPOUR SENTINEL-3 PRODUCTS
Amount € 1,500,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2020 
End 12/2021
 
Description ESA CCI Land Surface Temperature
Amount € 1,745,720 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000123553/18/I-NB 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 05/2018 
End 10/2021
 
Description ESA Earth Observation Envelope Programme - Data User Element (GlobTemperature)
Amount € 332,995 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000xxx/13/I-AM 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 11/2013 
End 12/2017
 
Description ESA LSTM End-2-End Mission Performance Simulator (E2ES) Study
Amount € 250,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000125870/18/NL/LF 
Organisation ESA - ESTEC 
Sector Public
Country Netherlands
Start 11/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description ESA Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC)
Amount € 354,466 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000111836/14/I-LG 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 10/2018 
End 12/2021
 
Description EUMETSAT Visiting Scientist Scheme (Intercomparison of the CM SAF and GlobTemperature LST TCDR Project)
Amount € 21,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 04/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description Ground-Based Observations for validation (GBOV) of Copernicus Global Land Products
Amount € 172,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2017 
End 06/2021
 
Description Thermal InfraRed Imager Scientific sIMulation study (TIRI-SIM)
Amount € 90,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000117242/16/NL/FF/mc 
Organisation ESA - ESTEC 
Sector Public
Country Netherlands
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2017
 
Title Land Surface Temperature (LST) dataset from the (A)ATSR instruments 
Description Land Surface Temperature (LST) products from the Along-Track Scanning Radiometers (ATSRs) at Level-2 (swath) and Level-3 (gridded) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use of this dataset in multiple user applications 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info/
 
Title Land Surface Temperature (LST) datasets from the MODIS instruments 
Description Land Surface Temperature (LST) datasets from the MODIS instruments with uncertainties estimated from first principles 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use the dataset in investigative studies on data assimilation into NWP, and building relationships between land and air temperature to fill the gaps in the global air temperature coverage 
 
Title Land Surface Temperature Climate Data Record from ATSRs 
Description A first Climate Data Record (CDR) of Land Surface Temperature from the ATSR sensors 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact First publications in preparation Collaborations with other group in intercomparing the CDR with Air Temperature data records 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info
 
Title Land Surface Temperature from SLSTR 
Description Operational Land Surface Temperature from the SLSTR sensor 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Operational Sentinel dataset available to the wide user community via Copernicus 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info
 
Title Multi-sensor Merged Land Surface Temperature Dataset 
Description 3-hourly Multi-sensor GEO + LEO Merged Land Surface Temperature dataset to resolve the diurnal cycle on a global basis 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Exploitation of this dataset in first publications 
URL http://data.globtemperature.info
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI)
Country Denmark 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation University of Bath
Department Department of Mathematical Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation University of Bern
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description H2020 EUSTACE Project 
Organisation University of Reading
Department Department of Meteorology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Work Package Leader on Validation and Intercomparison Provision of satellite Land Surface Temperature data and associated uncertainties from the MODIS instruments
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Building relationships between surface temperature and air temperature
Impact Production of MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product to be added to the UK CEDA Archive for use by the wider science community
Start Year 2015
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation ACRI-ST
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Estellus
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation Portuguese Institute of Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA)
Country Portugal 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description International Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Working Group (ILSTE) 
Organisation University of Reading
Department Department of Meteorology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup and Coordination of this International Working Group Leading the effort to reclassify Land Surface Temperature (LST) as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) Production of community-wide protocols and formats: Validation Protocol; Harmonised Data Format; Common Terminology Organisation of International Meetings of the Working Group
Collaborator Contribution Setup and population of the ILSTE Website Contributions to the effort to reclassify LST as an ECV Contributions to the community protocols and data formats
Impact Direct influence on the decision by GCOS to add LST as an ECV in the next Implementation Plan of 2016 Community-wide established LST Validation Protocol, Harmonised Data Format for LST, and Common Terminology
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation ACRI-ST
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 Mission Performance Centre (S3MPC) - SLSTR Expert Support Laboratory 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Land Surface Temperature (LST) Validation Scientist and Algorithm Manager
Collaborator Contribution Expert Support Laboratory coordination and other expert teams
Impact Sentinel-3 SLSTR Cal-Val Plan and Gap Analysis Preparations for Sentinel-3 Level-2 Product commissioning
Start Year 2014
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation ACRI-ST
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation Brockmann Consult
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation Swansea University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sentinel-3 New Products 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sentinel-3 Cloud Masking algorithm for Level-2 Land Surface Temperature (LST), Aerosol over Land, and Fire Radiative Power Products
Collaborator Contribution Project Leadership Cloud Masking over Sea Level-1 Cloud Masking
Impact Project only just started
Start Year 2016
 
Title Multi-sensor Matchup Database for Surface Temperature 
Description Matchup Database for validating extracted satellite observations with in situ measurements, extracted satellite observations with simulated surface temperature, and intercomparsions between multiple instrument datasets 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact A key step in the processing chain of multi-sensor full archive Land Surface Temperature data products 
 
Description British Geological Survey's Open Day 27 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Scientists from the National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO) attended the British Geological Survey's Open Day on 27 June 2015 and gave demonstrations on how scientists monitor the Earth's environment using light.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bgs.ac.uk/news/events/openday/
 
Description Formal Working Group on Land Surface Temperature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Forum for the data providers and users to come together to share knowledge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016