SIRENA (Strategic Impact of Research Engaging NEMO Applications)

Lead Research Organisation: National Oceanography Centre
Department Name: Science and Technology

Abstract

Global models have reached an exceptional level of realism in representing ocean dynamics and circulation. By strategically focusing High Performance Computing (HPC) and National Capability (NC) on high resolution, global-scale modelling, NERC has placed the UK at the forefront of ocean modelling efforts in Europe. This investment will continue to pay scientific dividends, but NERC is also in an excellent position to extract added value from it by employing it in tackling challenges related to future societal and business needs. In SIRENA, we propose to utilise existing outputs from NERC's NC modelling efforts, as well as existing links through other research programmes, to address two such needs related to the food and energy sectors of modern economies. The first of these relates to so-called marine hotspots, areas where above average climate change may have serious consequences for marine resources, while the second concerns the expanding sphere of oil and gas activities, including to deeper ocean waters. In both of these cases, there are significant trade-offs between the need to extend exploitation while mitigating impacts, and this is compounded by the current and potential overlaps between both cases. In practical terms, SIRENA will develop a case study that demonstrate advances in ocean modelling to potential new user communities, and illustrate the applications of this modelling for environmental risk assessment. The selected case study will focus on a single region (most likely around Brazil) that is both a marine hotspot and is of interest to oil and gas stakeholders, and a further aim is to underscore the overlapping needs and interests, as well as potential collaborations, of these two otherwise divergent activities. To achieve these ends, SIRENA is organised into four workpackages. The first organises an initial workshops with select oil and gas stakeholders to optimise the framing of the case study, which will then be demonstrated at the international "Ocean Business" exhibition. The second will use existing model output to provide a detailed physical and biogeochemical/ecological forecast for a specific marine hotspot, and will showcase this at the 3rd Symposium on the Effects of Climate Change in Brazil in 2015. The third will leverage an ongoing programme, GULLS, to provide a workshop forum for translating the NERC modelling outputs demonstrated at this symposium (e.g. changing circulation, biogeochemistry) into policy-relevant outputs with the assistance of local stakeholders. The final workpackage will use the experiences derived from the case study to produce a template that will be applied to all of the southern hemisphere marine hotspots that form the basis of the international GULLS programme. The central, driving motivation in SIRENA is that these diverse activities will promote awareness of NERC's world-class modelling efforts and encourage their use in added-value activities by stakeholders that have not traditionally been engaged with NERC centres, but who represent key resource and business interests. In SIRENA's vision, broadening the base of NERC's engagement in this way is critical for such important science to remain viable into the future.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description SIRENA developed climate change impact methodologies, applied them to living marine resources in Brazil and Madagascar and provided policy and practice notes to the policy making bodies working in the area of living marine resources and adaptation to climate change.

The project contributed to the venerability assessment of the coastal communities in Madagascar to the climate change impacts. The results will be used in the Climate Change Adaptation Plans in Madagascar.

The results of the project reinforced the critical importance of considering the cumulative impacts of individual stressors and drivers across the full socio-ecological system, both climate-related and others, when assessing vulnerability of marine-dependent communities. Such assessments and adaptation planning should not only consider the past and present but also be forward-looking and consider likely changes in the future. Participation by local experts and stakeholders is essential, enabling knowledge exchange while also contributing to local capacity-building, generating a sense of ownership, ensuring local knowledge is fully taken into account and that outputs are accepted by stakeholders as being legitimate.
Exploitation Route for use in policy making
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment

URL http://gullsweb.noc.ac.uk/
 
Description We have developed case studies in areas selected in partnership with the end users (Oil Spill Response Ltd, BP, Shell, DHI Water Environments UK Ltd) for use of high resolution NEMO output of ocean circulation as a tool for environmental risk assessment of potential impact of the oil spills in the selected area. In 2018 we run emergency response model to the SAnchi Oil spill
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Chemicals,Energy,Environment
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Emergency responce to teh sanchi oil spill http://noc.ac.uk/news/sanchi-oil-spill-contamination-could-reach-japan-within-month-update
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact The emergency response model applied to sanchi oil spill caused media coverage around the world and the results were used by the oil spill response planning. The URL given below gives a link to the one of the media examples: https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-china-shipping-spill/how-sanchis-spill-could-spread-idUKKBN1FF1AK
URL https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-china-shipping-spill/how-sanchis-spill-could-spread-idUKKBN1FF1AK
 
Description Informing climate change adaptation efforts in Madagascar and elsewhere in the Western Indian Ocean and other regions where similar marine-dependent communities are also affected by rapid warming of adjacent seas.
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://gullsweb.noc.ac.uk/
 
Description Sustainable Oceans, Livelihoods and food Security Through Increased Capacity in Ecosystem research in the Western Indian Ocean (SOLSTICE-WIO)
Amount £6,800,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P021050/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean
Country Kenya 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Department CSIRO Energy
Country Australia 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Rhodes University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation University of Tasmania
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description GLORIA workshop held in Madagascar, 14-16 June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Central to GLORIA research is a workshop held in Madagascar, 14-16 June 2016, where experts from the marine and climate sciences worked with Malagasy stakeholders to share information, explore adaptive solutions and develop recommendations for future action to minimize climate change impacts on marine-dependent, low-income communities.

Results from the workshop informed climate change adaptation efforts in Madagascar and elsewhere in the Western Indian Ocean and other regions where similar marine-dependent communities are also affected by rapid warming of adjacent seas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://gullsweb.noc.ac.uk/
 
Description Modelling of teh Sanchi oil spill. Media coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact An emergency ocean model simulations run by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) and the University of Southampton assessed the potential impact of local ocean circulation on the spread of pollutants. These simulations were run using the leading-edge, high-resolution global ocean circulation model, NEMO.

The Sanchi tanker collision occurred on the border between the Yellow and East China seas, an area with complex, strong and highly variable surface currents.
These latest predictions have been made possible by new information about where the Sanchi oil tanker finally sank. Based on this update, the team of scientists from the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) have run new ocean model simulations to assess the potential impact of local ocean circulation on the spread of pollutants. These simulations were run on the leading-edge, high-resolution global ocean circulation model, NEMO.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://noc.ac.uk/news/sanchi-oil-spill-contamination-could-reach-japan-within-month-update