Future Resilience for African CiTies And Lands (FRACTAL)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cape Town
Department Name: Environmental and Geographical Sciences

Abstract

The problem: Building climate change resilience necessarily means building urban resilience. Africa's future is dominated by a rapidly increasing urban population with complicated demographic, economic, political, spatial and infrastructural transitions. This creates complex climate vulnerabilities of critical consequence in the co-dependent city-regions.
Climate change substantially complicates the trajectories of African development, exacerbated by climate information that is poorly attuned to the needs of African decision makers. Critical gaps are how climate processes interact at the temporal and spatial scales that matter for decision making, limited institutional capacity to develop and then act on climate information, and inadequate means, methods, and structures to bridge the divides. Current modalities in climate services are largely supply driven and rarely begin with the multiplicity of climate sensitive development challenges.
There is a dominant need to address this disconnect at the urban scale, yet climate research in Africa is poorly configured to respond, and the spatial scale and thematic foci are not well attuned to urban problems. Most climate-related policies and development strategies focus at the national scale and are sectorally based, resulting in a poor fit to the vital urban environments with their tightly interlocking place-based systems.
Response: FRACTAL's aim is to advance scientific knowledge about regional climate responses to anthropogenic forcings, enhance the integration of this knowledge into decision making at the co-dependent city-region scale, and thus enable responsible development pathways.
We focus on city-region scales of climate information and decision making. Informed by the literature, guided by co-exploration with decision makers, we concentrate on two key cross-cutting issues: Water and Energy, and secondarily their influence on food security. We work within and across disciplinary boundaries (transdisciplinarity) and develop all aspects of the research process in collaboration with user groups (co-exploration).The project functions through three interconnected work packages focused on three Tier 1 cities (Windhoek, Maputo and Lusaka), a secondary focus on three Tier 2 cities (Blantyre, Gaborone and Harare), and two self-funded partner cities (Cape Town and eThekwini).
Work Package 1 (WP1) is an ongoing and sustained activity operating as a learning laboratory for pilot studies to link research from WP2 and 3 to a real world iterative dialogue and decision process. WP1 frames, informs, and steers the research questions of WP2 and 3, and so centres all research on needs for responsible development pathways of city-region systems.
WP2 addresses the decision making space in cities; the political, economic, technical and social determinants of decision making, and seeks to understand the opportunities for better incorporation of climate information into local decision making contexts.
WP3, the majority effort, focuses on advancing understanding of the physical climate processes that govern the regional system, both as observed and simulated. This knowledge grounds the development of robust and scale relevant climate information, and the related analysis and communication. This is steered explicitly by WP1's perspective of urban climate change risk, resilience, impacts, and decisions for adaptation and development.
The project will frame a new paradigm for user-informed, knowledge-based decisions to develop pathways to resilience for the majority population. It will provide a step change in understanding the cross-scale climate processes that drive change and so enable enhanced uptake of climate information in near to medium-term decision making. The project legacy will include improved scientific capacity and collaboration, provide transferable knowledge to enhance decision making on the African continent, and in this make significant contribution to academic disciplines.

Planned Impact

FRACTAL aims to fundamentally alter how African cities include climate change in development planning, in a context with no direct historical precedent. This is critical given that the interests of the majority urban population place an inviolable demand (with substantial regional dependencies) on water, energy and associated infrastructure. hFRACTAL recognizes that supply-driven climate information (e.g. IPCC) is having limited impact in real world decision making, largely due to messages of limited relevance or robustness at the scales and for the contexts of decision making.
We directly address this inadequacy through increased understanding of regional climate information and informed by co-exploration with decision makers. FRACTAL seek s to bring fundamental changes in key decision pathways (around water, flooding and energy) to increase the resilience of city-regions. This will leave a legacy of new knowledge, capacity and learning exemplars in 5 city-regions from which Africa can build. FRACTAL will provide an essential counterpart and balance in a landscape where the majority of climate development actions have non-urban, sectoral or rural foci.
There are four groups of beneficiaries:
a) Policy and decision-makers in government, resource management and infrastructure from local officials (case-study cities) to national-scale line Ministries which oversee urban development and the planning of infrastructure and regional services. These benefit through: co-generation of information and policy guidelines; new frameworks for incorporating climate change information in the context of multiple stressors and competing agendas; deep co-learning benefits led by researchers embedded in city governments; peer-to-peer relationships that lead to learning opportunities amongst the city partners; written materials generated by the project.
b) International and regional development institutions. The project will present research findings to guide development organizations and funders who are important contributors to development and adaptation trajectories. This will be strengthened by leveraging existing networks, such as the consortium's IPCC/WCRP/SASSCAL/Future Earth presence.
c) Academic disciplines and research communities in Africa and internationally. A publication strategy will place papers in disciplinary journals and the work will be disseminated at major conferences. Academics from under-capacitated African universities will benefit through the production of research, teaching tools and supporting publications. New inter-institutional relationships will foster the establishment of critical research capacity within the region to initiate key research agendas. Collaboration with the international community provides much needed reverse flows of knowledge, giving African researchers valuable entry to participate in research governance on the international scale (e.g. WCRP, IPCC, etc.).
d) Society. While largely an indirect process, this grouping has potential to receive the largest impact and benefit. By operating in the placed-based context of the majority of the population, FRACTAL can help steer development to enhance the quality of life and human security of large sections of society, as well as protect the economic system through both enabling opportunities and managing the very high risk of maladaptation with its attendant costs, damages, and inefficiencies. Informed city governance can lead to greater awareness and understanding in the voting population which can introduce major shifts in how nations choose to respond to climate change. Likewise, by changing the policy environment new opportunities for economic engagement are created.
Lastly, a significant cross-cutting impact is the building of trust relationships, dialogue and learning between and within these communities, which fosters growth potential as adaptation increasingly adopts a policy-first approach (versus a science-scenario-first approach).
 
Description Much of the work has been focused on understanding where and how climate change information can be used at the city-region scale in southern Africa. Through the FRACTAL engagements and research, climate scientists have gained a deeper understanding of city decision processes and how their work does (or does not) fit in. Decision makers have also gained a deeper understanding of the nature of climate change information. The team has learned a lot about the transdisciplinary research processes required to facilitate such engagements. Working papers, games, think pieces, conference contributions etc. related to urban complexity and governance, climate change planning in cities, urban resilience and transdisciplinarity have been developed.
Exploitation Route There are many ongoing parallel discussions happening to continue FRACTAL work. Some of these are being driven by the stakeholders in cities, while several funders have also approached FRACTAL with interest.
Sectors Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.fractal.org.za
 
Description Contributed to urban governance discussions, and discussions about the future of cities in southern Africa under conditions of climate variability and change (in particular Blantyre, Cape Town, Durban, Gaborone, Harare, Lusaka, Maputo and Windhoek).
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Climate change information input to the eThekwini biodiversity and climate change monitoring framework
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Climate change training - councilors in Windhoek
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2018/01/19/unam-and-city-of-windhoek-run-joint-climate-change-and-decision...
 
Description Co-production of knowledge for the Windhoek Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (CCSAP)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Development of Harare policy brief
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Harare-Policy-Brief.pdf
 
Description Influenced the development & implementation of the Lusaka Water Security Action and Investment Plan
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The policy briefs that have been co-developed in Lusaka on water and climate change issues have been integrated into the training for decentralised implementation of the Lusaka Water Security Action and Investment Plan.
 
Description Shifting practice at the science-policy interface
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Support for the Inclusive development of the Windhoek Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The FRACTAL learning lab processes supported the development of the Windhoek Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (CCSAP), through an inclusive transdisciplinary process involving science, practitioners and civil society.
 
Description Talanoa dialogues: Lusaka and Windhoek
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2018/11/15/connecting-cities-with-national-level-actors-through-talanoa-di...
 
Description Training of Councillors in Lusaka
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Enhanced awareness of government staff on issues of climate change
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/
 
Description Transdisciplinary development of policy briefs (Lusaka)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Transformational leadership in climate change training
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The FRACTAL project supported the "transformational leadership in climate change workshop" for decision makers in Windhoek, Namibia. During this workshop, decision makers and reserachers co-produced a set of principles for transformational climate change adaptation.
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2018/07/17/principles-for-transformational-leadership-on-climate-change/
 
Description Transformational leadership in climate change training for Strategic Executives
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Because of the success of the 2018 transformational leadership in climate change training that took place, a second training was hosted for eight Strategic Executives in the City of Windhoek
 
Description Innovation Funding in 16/17 for International Development
Amount £49,918 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 06/2017
 
Title Climate risk and climate change narratives 
Description This novel visualisation approach is designed to communicate complex climate analyses, and refine impacts associated with climate risks in a particular context. Ideally, narratives are iteratively refined with government and civil society stakeholders to match the needs of the next-user in the city-region context. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Policy-makers and practitioners more engaged in the process of knowledge co-production. 
 
Title Improving methods of communicating climatic uncertainties to aid decision-making 
Description Through the Applied Research Fund within Future Climate For Africa, guidelines were developed on improving methods of communicating climatic uncertainties to aid decision-making based on FRACTAL experiences 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This tool will support the communication of climate information to decision makers and other users. Guidelines and a video are available. 
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/FCFA-Report-Communicating-Climate-Change-to-Dec...
 
Title Re-design of the CSAG Winterschool 
Description FRACTAL experiences have underpinned the redesign of the CSAG Winterschool, which is run annually. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The lessons learned from FRACTAL have supported a more holistic interrogation of how climate information fits into decision making. The Wintershool programme has already been redesigned and the course taught, with very good feedback received. 
 
Title Spilling the beans 
Description Spilling the beans is a game that explores the term resilience as it relates to climate change. Through this interactive activity players come to understand two contrasting interpretations of the same term. This tool is an output of the Small Opportunity Grant (SOG) project designed within FRACTAL 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The tool has been used multiple times within FRACTAL to explore the concept of resilience, including the in the "Transformational climate change leadership workshop" 
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/SpillingTheBeans_facilitation.pdf
 
Title The Wheel of Context 
Description This is a tool that helps unpack multiple meanings of the same term. Any term can be explored. It is to be used in a multi-disciplinary setting allowing participants from various backgrounds to understand how climate-related terminology is applied in other sectors or disciplines. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The tool has been used within FRACTAL in the City of Cape Town to explore climate-related terminology 
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/TheWheelofContext_FacilitationNotes.pdf
 
Title Understanding adaptation terminology in a city context 
Description This e-learning tool aims to deepen understanding of climate change adaptation in a city context. It also explores some of the complicated facets of climate change adaptation. It is an output of the Small Opportunity Grant (SOG) project designed within FRACTAL. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This e-learning tool introduces concepts such as adaptive capacity, mitigation, adaptation deficit and their relation to adaptation. Decision makers are able to contextualise and grasp these terms. 
 
Title High resolution dynamical downscaled climate projections for Southern Africa 
Description This data is the result of the application of the C-CAM variable resolution climate model run by the CSIR. The model was used to further downscale the C-CAM CORDEX Africa 50km simulations to 8km resolution. Six different GCM forced simulations have been completed. The data will be made available once a suitable formatting and documentation have been completed. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact These results are currently being integrated into climate change analyses for the Western Cape / Cape Town, and for other FRACTAL cities. 
 
Title Process based model evaluation and projections over southern Africa from CORDEX and CMIP5 models 
Description This work has developed an innovative approach to analysing the sources of contradictions between global climate models (GCMs) and regional climate models (RCMs) using Self Organising Maps (SOMs) 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The paper is under review with the International Journal of Climatology. This analysis contributes to the important challenge of determining the added value of RCM based downscaling for decision making over Africa 
 
Title Regional climate model nudging experiment 
Description A series of modeling experiments has been performed to explore the role of local variability versus large scale/global variability over southern Africa. This was done using the CSIRO/CSIR CCAM stretched grid model using various degrees of atmospheric "nudging" 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This output will assist in understanding the relative role of local source of climate variability (eg. soil moisture feedbacks) and large scale or global sources of variability (eg. ENSO) 
 
Title Zone of maximum precipitation detection 
Description The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone is a key climate feature in Africa and instrumental in the seasonal evolution and inter-annual variability of rainfall in tropical and sub-tropical regions. This analysis tool/method allows for the identification of the position, variance, intensity and width of this zone (or its proxy, the zone of maximum precipitation) through analysis of daily rainfall fields. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This method is a useful contribution because it relies purely on daily rainfall fields and not pressure level fields unavailable in many model experiment archives. It will therefore be very valuable in analysing the performance of a range of climate models, global and regional 
 
Description City partners 
Organisation Blantyre City Council
Country Malawi 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input Developing and presenting training material on climate change adaptation Facilitating social learning processes
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on city processes, policy and development Intellectual input Facilitating social learning processes
Impact City learning processes related to climate resilient development. Capacity building of city officials on topics related to climate variability and change
Start Year 2015
 
Description City partners 
Organisation City of Windhoek
PI Contribution Intellectual input Developing and presenting training material on climate change adaptation Facilitating social learning processes
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on city processes, policy and development Intellectual input Facilitating social learning processes
Impact City learning processes related to climate resilient development. Capacity building of city officials on topics related to climate variability and change
Start Year 2015
 
Description City partners 
Organisation Gaborone City Council
Country Botswana 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input Developing and presenting training material on climate change adaptation Facilitating social learning processes
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on city processes, policy and development Intellectual input Facilitating social learning processes
Impact City learning processes related to climate resilient development. Capacity building of city officials on topics related to climate variability and change
Start Year 2015
 
Description City partners 
Organisation Harare City Council
Country Zimbabwe 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input Developing and presenting training material on climate change adaptation Facilitating social learning processes
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on city processes, policy and development Intellectual input Facilitating social learning processes
Impact City learning processes related to climate resilient development. Capacity building of city officials on topics related to climate variability and change
Start Year 2015
 
Description City partners 
Organisation Lusaka City Council
Country Zambia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input Developing and presenting training material on climate change adaptation Facilitating social learning processes
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on city processes, policy and development Intellectual input Facilitating social learning processes
Impact City learning processes related to climate resilient development. Capacity building of city officials on topics related to climate variability and change
Start Year 2015
 
Description City partners 
Organisation Maputo City Council
Country Mozambique 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input Developing and presenting training material on climate change adaptation Facilitating social learning processes
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on city processes, policy and development Intellectual input Facilitating social learning processes
Impact City learning processes related to climate resilient development. Capacity building of city officials on topics related to climate variability and change
Start Year 2015
 
Description Joint intent with Lusaka Water Security Initiative (LuWSI) 
Organisation International Water Stewardship Programme
Department Lusaka Water Security Initiative
Country Unknown 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Intellectual inputs (contribution to water security initiatives through research)
Collaborator Contribution Social capital and water-related networks in Lusaka
Impact Strengthened network of practitioners, politicians and researchers related to water security
Start Year 2016
 
Description Self funded partners 
Organisation Environmental Resources Management
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Collaborator Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Impact Joint collaboration and planning meeting. Multi-disciplinary (sometimes transdisciplinary) with climate science, land use planning, decision making, and urban policy.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Self funded partners 
Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
Department Department of Land Use Planning and Management
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Collaborator Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Impact Joint collaboration and planning meeting. Multi-disciplinary (sometimes transdisciplinary) with climate science, land use planning, decision making, and urban policy.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Self funded partners 
Organisation University of the Witwatersrand
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Collaborator Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Impact Joint collaboration and planning meeting. Multi-disciplinary (sometimes transdisciplinary) with climate science, land use planning, decision making, and urban policy.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Self funded partners 
Organisation eThekwini Municipality
Country South Africa 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Collaborator Contribution Co-exploration of city decision networks and the intersection with climate change information
Impact Joint collaboration and planning meeting. Multi-disciplinary (sometimes transdisciplinary) with climate science, land use planning, decision making, and urban policy.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Blantyre city meetings and introduction to FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Engagements with the Polytech, University of Malawi to kickstart project activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/fractal-news/
 
Description Contribution to "How three research groups are tearing down the ivory tower" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact FRACTAL featured in the Nature publication: How three research groups are tearing down the ivory tower. In order to develop this, the authors interviewed FRACTAL team members
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06858-4
 
Description Embedded Researcher approach presented at Adaptation Futures 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The Embedded Researcher approach, which has been pivotal to FRACTAL, was presented at the Adaptation future Conference in Cape Town in June 2018. A conference paper was also produced.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://adaptationfutures2018.capetown/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/AF18-Conference-Proceedings.pdf
 
Description FCFA Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Public event to launch FCFA in Africa, showcasing our consortium project. Consisted of panel discussion that reached out to the participants of the Climate Change and Development for Africa Conference (CCDA-5). This catalysed discussions and further dialogue with partners and other interested parties.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.futureclimateafrica.org/
 
Description FRACTAL Seminar to the University of Cape Town 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Information seminar to the university community to raise the profile of the project among interested parties. Catalysed multiple discussions and engaged with potential collaborators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za
 
Description FRACTAL Seminar to the University of Cape Town 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Information seminar to the university community to raise the profile of the project among interested parties. Catalysed multiple discussions and engaged with potential collaborators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za
 
Description FRACTAL South African Cities Foundational engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Initial discussions on the partnership modalities and plans for collaboration in the first year of activities. This achieved clarity with the roles and responsibilities of the core research team and the city partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description FRACTAL annual event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact FRACTAL project annual meeting to share information on achievements related to pathways to impacts. Attended by CDKN, which shared with the wider FCFA audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/workshop-and-meeting-reports/
 
Description Gaborone city meetings and introduction to FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Engagements with the University of Botswana and city officials to kickstart project activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/fractal-news/
 
Description Harare city meetings and introduction to FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Engagements with Chinhoyi University (FRACTAL partners), Harare City Council and the Zimbabwe National Water Authority to kickstart project engagements
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/fractal-news/
 
Description Inception workshop for FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Inception meeting for the project drawing together all partners for a 3-day intensive planning discussion. Established the workplans and collaboration intentions for the first year of activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.fractal.org.za
 
Description Lusaka City Foundational Engagements 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Series of meetings to establish relationships, planning and collaboration framework, and included the following institutions: University of Zambia, Lusaka City Council, Millennium Challenge Account (USAID), Red Cross / Red Crescent Zambia, Lusaka Water and Sewerage Company Ltd, GIZ. Outcomes are the foundations for moving forward with the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lusaka city dialogues 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Lusaka city dialogues focussed on developing an output focussed on water resources and climate change in the Lusaka city-region. These outputs support the city learning processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2017/02/20/reflecting-on-the-first-city-dialogue-lusaka-water-resources-an...
 
Description Lusaka councilor training 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Training for new councillors in Lusaka on issues related to the effects of climate change, to contribute towards the pathway to impact of resilient development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/
 
Description Lusaka learning labs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 43 stakeholders attended a FRACTAL learning lab (social learning) that initiated the transdisciplinary process to co-produce climate knowledge for the Luska city-region
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2016/12/08/fractals-first-learning-lab-watching-it-all-come-together/
 
Description Lusaka learning labs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Lusaka learning lab is a social learning process that evolves the identification of climate-related problems and serves as a space in which many different stakeholders co-produce climate knowledge for resilient development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2016/12/08/fractals-first-learning-lab-watching-it-all-come-together/
 
Description Lusaka-Windhoek exchange 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Windhoek team developed a concept for an exchange through which Lusaka and Windhoek exchanged lessons on water managed within a changing climate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/2017/11/27/reflections-from-lusaka-windhoek-exchange-the-case-of-abundance...
 
Description Maputo learning labs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Maputo learning lab is a social learning process that evolves the identification of climate-related problems and serves as a space in which many different stakeholders co-produce climate knowledge for resilient development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://stockholmenvironmentinstitute.exposure.co/africas-new-urban-climate
 
Description Seminar on lessons from the FRACTAL experience 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The FRACTAL approach was presented at a seminar series in the Department of Agronomy at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA. The talk was entitled Communicating climate information: lessons from the FRACTAL experience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Training Workshop on Climate Change over the Himalayan Mountainous Area 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The FRACTAL approach was presented at the Indian Institute Tropical Meteorology, for The Science and Training Workshop on Climate Change over the Himalayan Mountainous Area. Centre for Climate Change Research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UK FCFA and FRACTAL inception actions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The cross-consortia inception followed by a closed session of the FRACTAL participants that examined the multiple modalities of collaboration for the FCFA program, and initial working plans for FRACTAL within FCFA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Windhoek learning labs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Windhoek learning lab is a social learning process that evolves the identification of climate-related problems and serves as a space in which many different stakeholders co-produce climate knowledge for resilient development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017