Integrating Hydro-Climate Science into Policy Decisions for Climate-Resilient Infrastructure and Livelihoods in East Africa (HyCRISTAL)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Reading
Department Name: Meteorology

Abstract

East Africa (EA) has one of the world's fastest growing populations, with maxima around water-bodies and rapid urbanisation. Climate change is adding to existing problems increasing vulnerability of the poorest. HyCRISTAL is driven by EA priorities. EA communities rely on rainfall for food via agriculture. EA's inland lakes are rain-fed and provide water, power and fisheries. For EA's growing cities, climate impacts on water resources will affect water supply & treatment. HyCRISTAL will therefore operate in both urban & rural contexts.

Change in water availability will be critical for climate-change impacts in EA, but projections are highly uncertain for rain, lakes, rivers and groundwater, and for extremes. EA "Long-Rains" are observed to be decreasing; while models tend to predict an increase (the "EA Climate paradox") although predictions are not consistent. This uncertainty provides a fundamental limit on the utility of climate information to inform policy. HyCRISTAL will therefore make best use of current projections to quantify uncertainty in user-relevant quantities and provide ground-breaking research to understand and reduce the uncertainty that currently limits decision making.

HyCRISTAL will work with users to deliver world-leading climate research quantifying uncertainty from natural variability, uncertainty from climate forcings including those previously unassessed, and uncertainty in response to these forcings; including uncertainties from key processes such as convection and land-atmopshere coupling that are misrepresented in global models. Research will deliver new understanding of the mechanisms that drive the uncertainty in projections. HyCRISTAL will use this information to understand trends, when climate-change signals will emerge and provide a process-based expert judgement on projections. Working with policy makers, inter-disciplinary research (hydrology, economics, engineering, social science, ecology and decision-making) will quantify risks for rural & urban livelihoods, quantify climate impacts and provide the necessary tools to use climate information for decision making.

HyCRISTAL will work with partners to co-produce research for decision-making on a 5-40 year timescale, demonstrated in 2 main pilots for urban water and policies to enable adaptive climate-smart rural livelihoods. These cover two of three "areas of need" from the African Ministerial Council on Environment's Comprehensive Framework of African Climate Change Programmes. HyCRISTAL has already engaged 12 partners from across EA. HyCRISTAL's Advisory Board will provide a mechanism for further growing stakeholder engagement.

HyCRISTAL will work with the FCFA global & regional projects and CCKE, sharing methods, tools, user needs, expertise & communication. Uniquely, HyCRISTAL will capitalise on the new LVB-HyNEWS, an African-led consortium, governed by the East African Community, the Lake Victoria Basin Commission and National Meteorological and Hydrological agencies, with the African Ministerial Conference on Meteorology as an observer.

HyCRISTAL will build EA capacity directly via collaboration (11 of 25 HyCRISTAL Co-Is are African, with 9 full-time in Africa), including data collection and via targeted workshops and teaching. HyCRISTAL will deliver evidence of impact, with new and deep climate science insights that will far outlast its duration. It will support decisions for climate-resilient infrastructure and livelihoods through application of new understanding in its pilots, with common methodological and infrastructure lessons to promote policy and enable transformational change for impact-at-scale. Using a combination of user-led and science-based management tools, HyCRISTAL will ensure the latest physical science, engineering and social-science yield maximum impacts. HyCRISTAL will deliver outstanding outputs across FCFA's aims; synergies with LVB-HyNEWS will add to these and ensure longevity beyond HyCRISTAL.

Planned Impact

HyCRISTAL will have a positive impact on 7 groups of beneficiaries through the process and research outcomes.
1) COMMUNITIES IN THE LAKE VICTORIA BASIN
Communities will have the opportunity to access, input to, and benefit via their livelihoods from the research. Development options and pathways for climate-smart fisheries/agriculture, sustainable water use, access & distribution, will enhance productive and WASH outcomes in the region with such measurable livelihood improvements as greater levels of savings or tradeable assets. At least 400 households will participate in the adaptation trials. Wider engagement will occur via community exchanges, district workshops and regional learning platforms.
2) WATER PLANNERS/MANAGERS IN GOVERNMENT & POLICY
Close links with resource planners and government policymakers (East African Community, Lake Victoria Basin Commission, Uganda National Water and Sewerage Co, Local Authorities) will facilitate the 2-way flow of information, tools & guidance needed to support livelihoods & water management. Training will be tailored to user needs and through inclusive participation, empower women & youth to co-design and better apply planning tools. These stakeholders will act as researcher-advocates and contribute to policy uptake via "fit-for-purpose" evidence of the pilot outcomes. Value-added impact of such interventions on the local economy & livelihoods will result from investments to Treasury & donors. Local/sub-national governments in the region now have devolved responsibilities for climate services and will also benefit from improved evidence of benefits.
3) INTERNATIONAL & BILATERAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS
These will benefit from robust quantitative & qualitative evidence to inform programmes of support to national innovation support systems (including advisory services, SME promotion, regulatory frameworks). USAID & EU, World Bank, UNEP, UNDP, WFP, WHO and others are active in this region and will be invited to participate in the high-level Learning Platforms.
4) NGOs
Close collaboration with international (Practical Action) & local NGOs (Rural Environment & Development Organisation, OSIENALA, Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern & Southern Africa) will inform their livelihood and WASH programs development and provide evidence of their own interventions and modes of working with pilot communities.
5) CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS (CSOs) & MEDIA
CSOs, national/sub-national farmer/fisher & urban organizations will benefit from evidence supporting lobbying for improved water services and climate-smart fisheries/agriculture management. Some CSOs already provide innovation support services (Uganda National Farmers Federation) and will be able to use the project findings to enhance such service provision. Engagement with CSOs & the media (local FM stations) will raise awareness of the research process and outcomes (planning information & decision tools). Wider coverage of the research & analytical methods will help to showcase benefits & attract future investment, stimulating collaborations beyond HyCRISTAL
6) RESEARCH INSTITUTES & MET SERVICES
HyCRISTAL will work with weather forecasters, hydrologists, hydrogeologists & users of medium-long-range forecasts, through project partnerships. These partners benefit via access to improved climate risk information and by strengthening utility of their climate services at regional-to-community levels.
7) PRIVATE SECTOR
African companies (Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company) will benefit from exposure to the knowledge products helping to inform their future business plans. Communities across the region will indirectly benefit from improved innovation support policies and interventions that are evidence based and tuned to the ways in which they seek support in their innovation & livelihood decision-making resulting in increased household capacity to invest in new livelihood options as current ones become unsusustainable
 
Title HyCRISTAL film 
Description Summary of HyCRISTAL project for general public 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Showcased at COP23 and at the Walker Big Event 
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/news-events/walker-institute-and-evidence-for-development-in-uganda/
 
Title Ugandan designed tees for "Rural Climate Champions" 
Description Ugandan designed tees for the "Rural Climate Champions" to support their advocacy work in the communities and with Mukono District Local Councils 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Raising the awareness of district government officials and community champions of utility of the Integrated Database for African Policymakers (IDAPS) to support the integration of Use Cases from Mukono as part of short term interventions and longer term planning (investments options) for climate change at the district level. 
 
Description 1) Co-development for adoption of an integrated data platform by relevant planning and decision-making organisations.
2) Supporting local decision-making which explicitly takes HyCRISTAL climate data into account.
3) Ensuring the experience is hared locally in developing an inclusive, stakeholder-driven process of local adaptation prioritisation and planning
4) Working towards the inclusion of long-term planning guidance based on HyCRISTAL research in policy documents at the sub-national, national, and regional levels e.g. National Environment bill
Exploitation Route Successful rural adaptation to climate change and other drivers such as population increase, requires scientists, social scientists, policy and decison makers to work together, to share information and practice. This will reduce the vulnerability of rural communities, leading to timely, evidence-based interventions, and promoting sustainable development.
Providing access to local data and the skills required for interpretation is a key part of this. Also, it is increasingly recognised that short and long-term decisions on adaptation cannot be made in isolation of each other.

In the rural work in HyCRISTAL, both long-term climate predictions provided through HyCRISTAL climate modelling, and reliable context-specific information provided through a rich suite of social science methods, will enable policy and decision makers to make informed short-term decisions (covering 1-3 years, such as programmes to mitigate extreme events) as well as long-term decisions (covering 5-40 years, such as the provision of major infrastructure such as roads, irrigation schemes and institution-based training programmes) on adaptation.
Our research is providing a rich suite of data and methods through learning platforms, policy engagement and workshops - such as HEA, IHM, RAINWATCH (www.rainwatch-africa.org) and institutional analysis - to provide the tools for building an evidence-based pathway to adaptation at the district/county level. As HyCRISTAL's climate modelling projections become available, they will intersect with the data on adaptations and the growing knowledge of decision-making processes.

Our approach emphasises the point that robust decision-making in the future requires reliable and up-to-date integrated data, even after HyCRISTAL support ends. We are currently working with the Ugandan Parliament and the National Disaster Management Agency to support policy making around climate change interventions and impact-focused flood management through the integration of climate and livelihoods information, and the ability to monitor this.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/projects/hycristal-integrating-hydro-climate-science-into-policy-decisions-for-climate-resilient-infrastructure-and-livelihoods-in-east-africa/
 
Description HyCRISTAL is developing pathways for new climate research to support the resilience of rural communities vulnerable to climate change, with an emphasis on the sectors of agriculture and fishing, and in the context of other drivers of change such as shifts in land-use and population growth. Researchers employ methods such as the Household Economic Approach (HEA), the Individual Household Method (IHM), and ethnographic methods to understand current livelihood patterns and factors limiting peoples' ability to adapt their sources of livelihood. Other activities include market systems and value-chain analysis; working with hydrologists, geologists and crop scientists to understand community-level adaptation potential; and working with Kenyan and Ugandan social scientists to interpret community adaptation capabilities and policy implications. Meanwhile, Knowledge Exchanges and Learning Alliances will be piloted to open channels for evidence-based decision-making in the context of rural livelihoods adaptations. These pilot fora will be hosted in two different locations and will serve as sharing platforms for the users of HyCRISTAL research. The pilot locations, Mukono in Uganda and Homa Bay in Kenya, capture two different Lake Victoria Basin national governance and policy regimes. The HyCRISTAL Learning Alliances will also support project partners in the development of an Integrated Database for African Policymakers (IDAPS). IDAPS is a platform that is being developed to provide users with a rich and integrated data resource that will span climate, crops, fisheries, hydrology, and livelihoods. Interpreting and analysing this data will assist policymakers to understand and respond to the effects of climate and other significant changes in the Lake Victoria Basin. An IDAPS user forum was recently hosted by the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology (UNCST). Key attendees included four Members of Parliament, including Hon Cecilia Atim Ogwal (Deputy Speaker) and the leader of the Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change; the Assistant Commissioner, Ugandan Ministry for Water and Environment (MWE); Deputy Executive Secretary of UNCST; a senior representative from Uganda's National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre; representatives of civil society climate change advocacy groups; and, senior district level technical officers. Furthermore, HyCRISTAL hydrologists are also working with MWE to support integrated water resource management within the Victoria Water Management Zone (WMZ). MWE are currently undertaking a consultation process with stakeholders to assess and understand water needs and stresses in this WMZ. HyCRISTAL hydrological modelling of current and possible future water resources will inform this process. Recent policy work has included an invitation and insertion of six clauses into the Ugandan National Environment Bill (Feb 2018). See http://www.walker.ac.uk/news-events/walker-institute-team-contributes-to-ugandan-national-environment-bill/; and provision of a Briefing Paper provided to the Deputy Speaker of the Ugandan Parliament entitled "UGANDA - Synthesising Evidence for Targeted National Responses to Climate Change" (March 2018). See
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description 2016 HyCRSITAL Communities / Practitioners / Researchers Training
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Extending a vital community of practice with expertise in livelihoods modelling and relevant data collection. Support for the development of a livelihoods repository to mointor changing trends in livelihoods
 
Description Influencing the Ugandan Climate Change Act
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Uganda - Synthesising Evidence for Targeted National Responses to Climate Change
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/media/1370/hycristal-policy-brief_synthesising-evidence-for-targeted-nationa...
 
Description Ugandan National Environment Bill
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/news-events/walker-institute-team-contributes-to-ugandan-national-environmen...
 
Description NATIONAL-SCALE IMPACT-BASED FORECASTING OF FLOOD RISK IN UGANDA (NIMFRU)
Amount £249,556 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S00596X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2018 
End 02/2020
 
Description NERC International Development Innovation and Impact Awards
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
 
Description AfClix - APPG Global Health 
Organisation Parliament of UK
Department All-Party Parliamentary Group on Global Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Reviews of documents Participation in meetings
Collaborator Contribution Connections to African health partners in-country Citation of work in books e.g. for Sir Nigel Crisps, in prep [Chapter 7 - Health, food and the physical environment] - mentions AfClix and HyCRISTAL
Impact Direct reference to the HyCRISTAL project in Chapter 7 of Lord Crisp's new book (in press) Three slides mentioning our joint collaboration by Lord Crisp at the December Global Health Event! Three proposals submitted involving ACHEST, an African health think-tank that I was introduced to by Lord Crisp
Start Year 2015
 
Description Minister of Trade and Deputy Speaker, Ugandan Parliament 
Organisation Government of Northern Ireland
Department Office of First Minister and Deputy First Minister (OFMdFM)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Capacity development and technical support to current priorities of the ministries, outlined in the Vision 2040 Government Policy Strategy document
Collaborator Contribution Understnading policy cycle and introductions to key ministerial personnel. Support and promotion of HyCRISTAL and other Walker projects in the region
Impact New proposal submitted to DfiD and SPHEIR, in partnership with Minsitry for Science and Technology to build career-relevant interdisciplinary PGT courses supporting agribusiness, to help reduce emplyabnlity gap of Ugandan students. Deputy Speaker gave keynote Walker Institute Big Event (December 2016), promoting equitable research partnerships and climate resilience agaenda.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Uganda university 
Organisation Gulu University
PI Contribution Higher level training in Houesehold economy field assessment and use of modellling software
Collaborator Contribution Participation in data collection during the HEA / IHM Assessments in Uganda; provision of local contextual information on livelihoods and governance issues
Impact Submission of SPHEIR proposal to DfID and British Council to develop new interdisciplinary PGT courses across 4 partner university network in Uganda
Start Year 2016
 
Description Ugandan Parliament 
Organisation Parliament of Uganda
Country Uganda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Demand from the Ugandan Parliament for a Briefing paper and then provision of a Briefing Paper to the Deputy Speaker (March 2018) entitled: "UGANDA - Synthesising Evidence for Targeted National Responses to Climate Change". Summary follows - The rapidly changing climate conditions in Uganda are likely to cause increase of extreme weather events such as erratic rainfall pattern, floods, landslides, hailstorms, ice melting, heat and drought that may lead to a multitude of livelihoods disruptions. The Integrated Database for African Policymakers, (IDAPS), will integrate climate, crops, fisheries and hydrology information with livelihoods data so policy makers can examine the synthesised evidence and develop more appropriate national responses to climate change impacts, particularly among the most vulnerable populations in rural parts of Uganda.
Collaborator Contribution Co-authoring of the Briefing Paper by another MP, Uganda Parliament. Contributions towards IDAPS from other members of the government include: Uganda National Council for Science and Technology (UNCST). Key attendees included four Members of Parliament, including the Deputy Speaker and the leader of the Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change; the Assistant Commissioner, Ugandan Ministry for Water and Environment (MWE); Deputy Executive Secretary of UNCST; a senior representative from Uganda's National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre
Impact Briefing Paper (2018), "UGANDA - Synthesising Evidence for Targeted National Responses to Climate Change". Insertion of clauses into the National Environment Bill on the necessity for livelihoods zoning to support adaptation interventions.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact To understand what kind of  collaboration is needed for the beneficits of stakeholders etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/
 
Description Enhancing flood risk management - livelihoods impact 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Support for the integration of livelihoods information with the NECOC (Ugandan national disaster management agency) disaster management system building on livelihoods monitoring work evidenced through HyCRISTAL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description FCFA 2017 Midterm Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Midterm conference for all of FCFA's five research consortia. There were plenary sessions, working group meetings, participatory sessions, side meetings, panel discussions, poster presentations and other engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/news-events/cape-town-hosts-midterm-fcfa-conference/
 
Description HyCRISTAL 2016 Annual General Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participatory workshop with stakeholders, co-organised by the African Centre for Technology Studies To present scientific results, including the new methodologies; engage stakeholders; and finalise 2017 / 2018 project plans
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/
 
Description HyCRISTAL COP21: United Nations Conference on Climate Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Side event: Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) launch event
Engagement with researchers, policy makers and development practitioners, climate scientists, user groups and other stakeholders
Worldwide launch of FCFA programme including HyCRISTAL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://futureclimateafrica.org/news/feature-fcfa-promises-climate-information-to-tackle-development-...
 
Description HyCRISTAL HyVIC Meeting (Semazzi, Ogutu-Ohwayo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact GEWEX International meeting to discuss planned research in Lake Victoria Basin
HyVIC project was presented in more detail to the relevant national/regional government agencies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.gewexevents.org/wp-content/uploads/HyCRISTAL_Ogutu-Ohwayo.pdf
 
Description IDAPs Stakeholders and Influencers Consultation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The goal of this meeting was to assemble key stakeholders and influencers whose input is vital in setting the direction that IDAPs (Integrated Database for African Policymakers) takes. IDAPs must match the needs and priorities of its stakeholders. This meeting started the process whereby the IDAPs developers could learn what is most important for its stakeholders and ensure their influence continues to be felt.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview about fieldwork conducted by HyCRISTAL Co-I 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact HyCRISTAL Co-Investigator Dr Andrew Ainslie was interviewed by professional science writer Leonie Joubert as part of a series that delves into the science that has been produced by various FCFA projects, and introduces some of the people behind it. This article was published fairly recently so outcomes or impacts that have arisen have not yet become fully known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.futureclimateafrica.org/news/conflict-resolution-a-climate-adaptation-in-east-africa/
 
Description Interview about project activity for programme website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact HyCRISTAL postdoctoral researcher Grady Walker was interviewed by science write Leonie Joubert as part of a series that delves into the science that has been produced by various FCFA projects, and introduces some of the people behind it. People from DfID were interesting in this activity and its outcomes. They requested that Leonie Joubert write a follow-up piece once the activity is over.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.futureclimateafrica.org/news/filmmaking-to-support-agri-extension-in-uganda/
 
Description Measuring and Modelling Livelihoods in East Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact To show-case and share the work of Evidence for Development in the context of the FCFA project, HyCRISTAL, Emergence of a new interdisciplinary research programme linking climate change with crop modelling and livelihoods for the NERC / NCAS - Climate Community at the UoR
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description PCCCB-Capacity building Hub at COP 24 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact HyCRISTAL team member Miriam Talwisa attended a side event on Climate smart agriculture. She explored climate smart plans as a systems approach to participatory and quantitative analysis for robust decision making. Sh assessed implications of climate change on country goals across agricultural productivity, food security, resilience and mitigation. With participants she identified robust climate smart investments and policy opportunities and their impact on nationally relevant variables in line with NDC financing, and explored avenues for translating CSA opportunities into bankable investment with roles for private, public sector and climate finance. She shared CAN-U's HYCRISTAL and IDAPS experience in Mukono, Uganda and attracted interest for collaboration from the Global Eco-Village Network
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Participation in the Uganda CSO country coordinating meeting at COP24 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was the meeting of the Uganda country coordinating meeting at UNFCCC COP24. HyCRISTAL team member Miriam Talwisa met the Principal secretary of the Ministry of Water and Environment to follow up on the issues detailed in the CS position for COP and to discuss timelines for joint engagement at the next COP and the subsequent local actions after COP24. They agreed on timelines and set up appointments to meet. This is one way of engaging to strategise and set pace for future MWE -HyCRISTAL engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Rural Narrative Factsheet for Livelihoods Scenario Planning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Development of a rural narrative 'factsheet' together with the UK Met Office to assist with scenario planning in Uganda. The product was tested at the regional climate outlook forum with inputs from around 30 stakeholders in August 2018. It was refined and finalised earlier this year and will now be used in scenario planning workshops through 2019 e.g.IDAPS workshop, scheduled in May 2019, in Kampala for around 20 government stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Supporting the Development of Climate Resilient Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To show-case and share the work of the Walker Institute around climate resilience in the context of the FCFA project, HyCRISTAL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017