Sustaining Himalayan Water Resources in a Changing Climate (SusHi-Wat)

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: School of Water, Energy and Environment

Abstract

In this project, we propose to investigate how water is stored in, and moves through, a Himalayan river system (the inter-linked Beas and Sutjej catchments) in northern India at daily to decadal timescales and to use the resulting insights to develop and test a robust model of the whole system that can be used to inform current and future decision making to support the sustainable development and management of the region's water resources. Building on the success of the MICCI project (within the Changing Water Cycle - South Asia programme) in the region, the project will address user requirements centred on understanding and managing the effects of climatological and hydrological variability and socio-economic development on delivery of critical ecosystems services, notably the irrigation water supply-hydropower generation-flood risk management nexus.
A combination of state-of-the-art modelling, field studies, satellite-based remote sensing and observation will be developed to improve the process-based understanding of Himalayan water resources availability and quality, considering meteorology, surface-water, groundwater, seasonal snow, permanent snow/ice, soil and vegetation. These stores and flows will be considered within a 'whole-system' framework that explicitly recognises their inter-dependencies and interactions.
The improved understanding will be used to set-up, calibrate and validate a robust system model of the river basins using the widely used Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) software system. This model will integrate both 'natural' catchment processes and human modifications of the river basin system into account. These latter include irrigation, hydropower generation, and inter-basin water transfers. The whole system model will be used to understand how the impact of climate change, land-use change and population growth will affect water resources (including flood risk management), water demand (irrigation and public water demand) and inter-sectoral competition for water supply (for water transfers, irrigation and hydropower) through their interactions with the hydrological cycle. The results will be used to inform decision-making and support the sustainable development of India's water resources and hence long-term socio-economic growth
The project will involve collaboration between internationally-leading scientists at 4 Indian institutions (IIT-Roorkee; NIT- Hamirpur, National Institute of Hydrology-Roorkee and the Indian Institute of Science- Bangalore), 2 UK Universities (Heriot-Watt University and Cranfield University) and one UK research institute (British Antarctic Survey). It will build on an existing and thriving collaboration between many of the UK and Indian partners. We will work with key regional and national stakeholders in India (farmers, agricultural advisers, river basin management board and the national farmers association) to ensure the relevance and impact of the research.

Planned Impact

In this project, our research will inform the understanding and management of the effects of climatological and hydrological variability and socio-economic development on delivery of critical ecosystems services, notably the irrigation water supply-hydropower generation-flood risk management nexus, in the Indian Himalayan region. It will build on the success and pre-existing stakeholder links of the MICCI project (within the Changing Water Cycle - South Asia programme) in the region. This will ensure that our activities complement and contribute to the overarching Impact and Knowledge Exchange plan of the 'Sustaining Water Resources for Food, Energy & Ecosystem Services in India' programme
At the strategic level, a wide range of Indian organisations at State to National level with responsibility for policy and practice in relation to water and natural resources, rural development and food security will benefit. These include the National and State Ministries of Agriculture, Rural Development, Earth Sciences, Environment and Forest and the Bkahra-Beas Management Board (who operate and regulate the supply of water and power from the Pong and Bhakra reservoirs).
Important beneficiaries regarding the improvement in consumptive use of water are small scale, rural Indian farmers who depend on rainfed and irrigated agriculture for their livelihoods, for whom the research will contribute towards improved practices of sustainable irrigation management production that are more resilient to future environmental change. We have pre-existing stakeholder relationships from MICCI with the State Agricultural Extension Services and the All India Farmers Association.
Users involved in research to improve our understanding of how climate change interacts with the global to regional water cycle, and the consequent impacts affecting humankind and ecosystems will also benefit from the research outcomes. These include researchers on water resource modelling, rural development, aquatic ecology, surface water quality etc.
A number of activities are scheduled to achieve these impacts, including:
(1) Network development- participating research institutions in India will profit from enhanced technical capacities through close working relations with their UK counterparts while the UK researchers benefit through new knowledge gained from interactions with their Indian counterparts;
(2) Stakeholder engagement through creation of a multi-stakeholder platform that will link the research team and key end users in India and act as a focal point for a range of outreach and networking activities;
(3) Workshops- we will carry out 2 workshops with farmer organizations, central and state government irrigation agencies and agricultural extension advisers at the start and end of the project. These will provide valuable opportunities for two-way learning, allowing improved understanding of climate change impact and the need to improve irrigation practices and to ensure that the research produces contextually-relevant results to maximise impact;
(4)Site visits- We propose a 3 day UK study visit for representatives of the extension services in the State Department of Agriculture in our 4 states and research collaborators, featuring a workshop and site visits to commercial irrigated agriculture facilities mainly in Eastern England. The workshop will be designed and led by RTCS Ltd;
(5)Publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentation at learned conferences; and
(6) Website- dedicated websites will be developed on the UK and Indian institutional websites on which scientific and summary outputs from the project will be mounted.
 
Description 1) A whole system model of the Beas and Sutlej river basins have been developed using the WEAP software. This commercial software product was selected after review to ensure longevity through continued software maintainance and upgrade and due to the no-cost licences to Indian stakeholders. Our WEAP model represents all natural (snow/glaciers, catchments, groundwater aquifers) and man-made (reservoirs, in-river hydropower plants, water diversions, canals, irrigation command areas, towns etc) components of the riverbasins. Based on engagement within local stakeholders (in particular staff of the Bakra Beas Management Board, and State irrigation engineers), the model has been iteratively improved. Training has been provided to local stakeholders and professional practitioners to increase trust and use of the model. This training has also seen increased up-take of the state-of-the-art WEAP modelling software at the National Institute of Hydrology (Roorkee) and the IIT Roorkee.

2) An open-access review paper (Momblanch et al 2019a), co-written by UK and Indian authors, has critically appraised recent hydrological modelling applications in Himalayan riverbasins. It focuses on their utility to analyse the impacts of future climate and socio-economic changes on water resource availability in the region. The paper show that the latter are only represented by land use change, thereby providing a poor understanding of how future socio-economic development in India will positively or negatively affect water resources management. Based on the insights gained, transferable recommendations are made on directions for future data collection and model applications that may enhance realism within models and advance the ability of global change impact assessments to inform adaptation planning in this globally important region.

3) Results have been positively presented at international conferences (ECCA 2017, WaterFutures etc) and local stakeholders and published within an international peer-reviewed journal (Momblanch et al., 2019b). The systems model has been used to explore global change impacts on the water-food-energy-environment nexus in the mid-21st century in the complex western Himalayan water resource system of the Beas-Sutlej catchments in India, considering a range of climate change and alternative socio-economic development scenarios. Results show that the trajectories of future socio-economic changes in India can have a much stronger impact on the nexus compared to climate change alone, demonstrating the opportunities and challenges posed by socio-economic development. The modelling showed that meeting hydropower requirements, environment flow protection and flood abatement were responsible for most synergies and trade-offs, demonstrating the importance of holistic integrated management solutions that balance the competing demands and needs of water.

4) We have developed a data set contains a list of images (GeoTIFF format) corresponding to monthly maps of dry snow and wet snow to provide an improved understanding of how water is stored in, and moves through, the Beas and Sutlej river basins in northern India. The maps were obtained by the novel data fusion of satellite remote sensing data from radar-based images acquired using Sentinel-1 and the visible spectrum images from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The analysis has been published within an international peer-reviewed journal (Snapir et al., 2019) and the monthly have been made publically available through Cranfield's online repository
Exploitation Route We expect that the Bakra-Beas Management Board will adopt our WEAP whole system model to improve their strategic management of climate change impacts- early impressions are positive. We are carrying out inter-comparison exercises with our whole systems model and the other systems models being developed in the Sustaining Water Resources programme as part of the programme integration activities to understand the pros and cons of different approaches, both scientifically and for stakeholders.
The monthly maps of dry snow and wet snow and the associated novel methodology provide an improved understanding of snow melt dynamics and could potentially improve hydrological simulations compared to existing meothds that largely use snow covered area data which cannot differentiate between dry and wet (melting) snow.
The UK-India review paper provides transferable recommendations for future data collection and model applications that may enhance realism within models and advance the ability of global change impact assessments to inform adaptation planning in this globally important region.
The outreach and training activities have resulted in increased up-take of the state-of-the-art WEAP modelling software and multi-sectoral modelling capability, particularly at the National Institute of Hydrology (Roorkee) and the IIT Roorkee
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment

URL https://doi.org/10.17862/cranfield.rd.5845449
 
Description A very successful stakeholder workshop was held at the Bakra-Beas Managemetn Board (BBMB) head office in Chandigargh in February 2018 in the presence of the BBMB Chief Executive. BBMB operate the major hydropower plants and provide irrigation water to downstream users. The workshop resulted in a stated interest in adapting the final Sushi-Wat whole system model to support longer term strategic decision making (which is not addressed by their current real time DSS system). BBMB have recently set-up a small climate change cell who we are engaging with to improve the organisational understanding of climate change and its consequences for BBMB and its users. Subsequent to this workshop, Cranfield University staff visited Chandigargh to spend time with BBMB staff and the climate change cell to refine the whole systems model to ensure its utility to support their long term strategic management of the river basin and its support of downstream economic development. Cranfield staff have used SusHi-Wat findings in their delivery of a broad range of climate change and water resources modelling teaching and training to post-graduate students and staff in India during Sushi-Wat, including at IIT Roorkee, IIT Mumbai, NIT Hamirpur, IIT Kharagpur, MPSTME (NMIMS) and NIH Roorkee. Momblanch and Holman delivered capacity building workshops and training to >65 Indian scientists and stakeholders in Roorkee and Chandigarh in July 2019 on the use of systems modelling for climate change adaptation. These events have seen increased uptake of state-of-the-art whole systems models at the National Institute of Hydrology at Roorkee (as well as IIT-Roorkee), thereby supporting the development of improved holistic decision making in water resources . In addition, Prof Holman was the lead academic teaching on a 1-week GIAN shortcourse on climate change adaptation at IIT Kharagpur. This course received a high-level of student satisfaction, and the participants' feedback highlighted their learning gained on adaptation which was not included within their under-graduate or post-graduate curricular, demonstrating the educational and (potential) societal impact of Sushi-Wat activities. Holman, as part of India-UK Water Centre Senior Researcher Exchange at IIT Kharagpur, organised a NERC SWR programme webinar on 21st May 2019 on the approaches to the representation of system complexity and climate change adaptation within water resource systems models. The webinar included presentations from all three SWR projects. The webinar, which was promoted through the SWR projects and by the India-UK Water Centre, was attended by over 60 scientists from a wide range of universities, NITs and IITs across India, the UK and wider afield (including Vietnam). Their active participation in the webinar (with a very low drop-out rate) and high level of questions demonstrated the value of SWR outputs. Holman has delivered journal paper writing masterclasses at IIT Kharagpur and NIT Karnataka that have attracted over 200 staff and student participants. The high number of attendees suggests a high degree of interest in improving their academic writing skills and thereby increase the academic impact of research at these institutions.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description GIAN 1-week Short course
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Planning and delivery of a 1-week Short course at IIT Kharagpur under the Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD)'s international scheme on Global Initiative on Academic Network (GIAN). The course on "Improved climate change adaptation strategies in water resources" was delivered to mostly post-graduate students and academic staff from multiple institutions from across India to improve their knowledge, understanding and capacity in top-down and bottom-up assessment of the consequences of climate and socioeconomic change and the development of effective adaptation strategies. The course received excellent feedback from the participants. All lectures were professionally videoed and should be made available through the GIAN youtube channel for wider availability and capacity development
 
Description Cranfield University QR GCRF Allocation
Amount £15 (GBP)
Organisation Cranfield University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 07/2019
 
Description Directed-International (TaSE)
Amount £243,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S01232X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Title HySim inputs and output files for Beas catchment 
Description Supporting data for "Effect of Baseline Snow-Pack Assumptions in the HySIM Model in Predicting Future Hydrological Behavior of a Himalayan Catchment" by Renji Remesan, Sazeda Begam and Ian Holman In Press in Hydrological Research. Two sets of files are provided: 1) HySim baseline input files of daily temperature (.tpt), daily potential evapotranspiration (.dpe), daily catchment average rainfall (.crf), daily recorded mean discharge (.dfl) and model parameters (.par) 2) csv files of HySim daily simulated discharge at the catchment outlet for the two model assumptions (1 and 2) and two scenarios (medium and long term) for different annual temperature and precipitation change factors. Together with a synthesis file of the Q10 and Q90 outputs used to derive the paper's Impact Response Surface plots 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in published papers 
URL https://cranfield.figshare.com/articles/HySim_inputs_and_outputs_for_Beas_catchment/6969836/1
 
Title Monthly maps of dry snow and wet snow for a Himalayan river basin 
Description The data set contains a list of images (GeoTIFF format) corresponding to monthly maps of dry snow and wet snow for a Himalayan river basin. The maps were obtained by the novel data fusion of satellite remote sensing data from Sentinel-1 and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None as, whilst data page is visible, the data is currently under temporary embargo whilst associated paper is under peer review 
 
Title Monthly maps of snow cover in Beas-Sutlej 
Description The data set contains a list of images (GeoTIFF format) corresponding to monthly maps of dry snow and wet snow for the Beas-Sutlej Himalayan river basin. The maps were obtained by combining satellite remote sensing data from Sentinel-1 and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in published paper 
URL https://figshare.com/articles/SusHi-Wat_-_Monthly_maps_of_snow_cover/5845449/1
 
Title Output of Beas-Sutlej basins systems model 
Description Output of Beas-Sutlej basins systems model used in Momblanch et al (2018) paper. The dataset contains the monthly time series of selected output of a water resource systems model built with the Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) software for the Beas and Sutlej basins, under different climate and socio-economic scenarios 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in published paper 
URL https://figshare.com/articles/Output_of_Beas-Sutlej_basins_systems_model/7041902/2
 
Description Collaboration with ATREE 
Organisation Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment
Country India 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Initiated contact and discussions with ATREE regarding multi-disciplinary collaboration bridging water resources systems modelling and iconic species river flow requirements. Co-wrote a grant application on "Transitioning water management in India to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals", which has been funded through the Global Challenges Research Fund 2019/20 Round Cranfield Institutional QR Allocation. Integrating river flow requirements as constraints within the WEAP water resources systems model to better understand impacts on system performance
Collaborator Contribution Co-wrote a grant application on "Transitioning water management in India to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals", which has been funded through the Global Challenges Research Fund 2019/20 Round Cranfield Institutional QR Allocation. Using their expertise on Indus river dolphin to design and carry out monitoring fieldwork
Impact FIrst round of fielwrosk monitoring completed but not reported
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with British Antarctic Survey- Grant application to the Newton-Bhabha funding 
Organisation British Antarctic Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Initiated contact with atmospheric modelling group at BAS, following from initial high-level contact gained from attendance at NERC meeting. Led to BAS joining UK-India consortium bidding to NERC directed call. This new research collaboration application, in response to the Newton-Bhabha funding initiative by UK-NERC and India-MoES, proposed a research project to investigate the development of tools and management practices for the sustainability of Himalayan water resources in a changing climate. The application was successful and officially commenced in 2016. Cranfield co-lead the hydrological modelling and remote sensing, and the development of the water resource systems model.
Collaborator Contribution BAS brought atmospheric modelling expertise to consortium and proposal writing
Impact The collaboration has led to the successful award of SusHi-Wat, a multi-disciplinary involving hydrologists, water resources engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, climate modellers, glacial and agricultural specialists.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with IIT Kharagpur 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The collaboration was initiated through a Research Proposal from the NERC UK-India MICCI project gaining an academic position at IIT Kharagpur. As a consequence of this, we co-wrote a proposal to the Indian Government's Global Initiative on Academic Networks (GIAN) scheme for a two week shortcourse on climate change adaptation at IIT Kharagpur. This was successful, and successfully delivered in 2018. The proposal also led to links with academics in a different department, with whom I submitted a Senior Researcher Exchange application to the India-UK Water Centre, which was successful and will continue the collaboration in 2019. The two-week Senior Researcher Exchange in May 2019 included Holman (1) hosting a webinar on water resources systems modelling, which was promoted through the SWR projects and by the India-UK Water Centre, was attended by over 60 scientists from a wide range of universities, NITs and IITs across India, the UK and wider afield (including Vietnam); (2) presenting at a stakeholder workshop on "Exploring how to ensure hydrological model results are 'fit for purpose' " and (3) delivering a capacity building workshop on journal paper writing to 40 staff and students
Collaborator Contribution They co-wrote the proposal to the Indian Government's Global Initiative on Academic Networks (GIAN) scheme for a two week shortcourse on climate change adaptation at IIT Kharagpur. This was successful, and successfully delivered in 2018. The proposal also led to links with academics in a different department, with whom I submitted a Senior Researcher Exchange application to the India-UK Water Centre, which was successful and will continue the collaboration in 2019. They provided one of the four presentations at the webinar on water resources systems modelling held in May 2019. They also arranged and hosted a one-day stakeholder workshop on "Exploring how to ensure hydrological model results are 'fit for purpose' " attended by 60 delegates
Impact Two week multi-disciplinary shortcourse on climate change adaptation delivered at IIT Kharagpur to about 30 post graduate students and staff from across India. Lectures were videoed and will be made available through GIAN. Successful application to the India-UK Water Centre for a Senior Researcher Exchange to IIT Kharagpur in 2019. One-day stakeholder workshop on "Exploring how to ensure hydrological model results are 'fit for purpose' " attended by 60 delegates International journal paper which has been accepted subject to corrections A webinar on water resources systems modelling that was attended by over 60 scientists from a wide range of universities, NITs and IITs across India, the UK and wider afield (including Vietnam)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with NIT Karnataka, Surathkal 
Organisation National Institute of Technology Karnataka
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Holman was invited to visit NIT Karnataka, Surathkal in May 2019. He delivered three capacity building lectures - an interactive lecture on international paper writing to around 150 staff and students; a two lectures on the latest generation of climate change scenarios and impacts assessment; and on improving the understanding of climate change adaptation in India to around 40 staff and students
Collaborator Contribution Discussions on the barriers to climate change adaptation in India
Impact No major output or outcomes beyond the capacity development carried out. However, an excellent research group for possible future collaborative proposals
Start Year 2019
 
Description GCRF collaboration with IIT Mumbai 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development of collaborative research proposal to perform model inter-comparison on Indian river basin being modelled within IIT-Bombay led project. Expected provision of WEAP training course to students
Collaborator Contribution Provision of data and advice to support modelling; hosting Research Fellow at IIT Bombay
Impact No impact year, but first stay by Research Fellow to IIT scheduled for March 2019in which delivery of guest lectures and training course are planned
Start Year 2019
 
Description IISc Bangalore 
Organisation Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Led to IISc Bangalore joining UK-India consortium bidding to NERC directed call. This new research collaboration application, in response to the Newton-Bhabha funding initiative by UK-NERC and India-MoES, proposed a research project to investigate the development of tools and management practices for the sustainability of Himalayan water resources in a changing climate. The application was successful and officially commenced in 2016. Cranfield co-lead the hydrological modelling and remote sensing, and the development of the water resource systems model. IISc Divecha Centre hosted a visit by Momblanch in 2019 to work on improved glacier algorithms with the WEAP model and the writing of a joint paper
Collaborator Contribution They provided the methodological approach to specific work packages of the proposal (particularly focussed on glaciers) and are now co-leading the implementation of these work programmes. Provided state-of-the-art understanding of glacier dynamics to inform WEAP model development
Impact The collaboration has led to the successful award of SusHi-Wat, a multi-disciplinary involving hydrologists, water resources engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, climate modellers, glacial and agricultural specialists.
Start Year 2015
 
Description India-UK Water Centre's Open Call for Researcher Exchanges 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Jointly wrote exchange proposal to deliver joint research activities and manuscript
Collaborator Contribution Jointly wrote exchange proposal to deliver joint research activities and manuscript
Impact This researcher exchange was awarded funding - the focus is on utilising our knowledge of integrating ecosystem services and hydrological modelling with Indian hydrological . Cranfield hosted Dr Sumit Sen for a study visit in 2017, and Dr Andrea Momblanch is shortly (March 2018) to visit Dr Sen in IIT Roorkee to continue the collaboration
Start Year 2017
 
Description Invitation to Leeds University GCRF Hub consortium 
Organisation Anglia Ruskin University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Core team member of the Leeds University led GCRF Hub proposal on managing extreme hydrometeorological events in the Himalayan region. Contributed to the agricultural modelling and adaptive capacity components of the proposal (worth (£612K @ 100% FEC), building on Sushi-Wat and MICCI activity in the region. Unfortunately proposal was not funded
Collaborator Contribution Developed consortium; hosting consortium proposal writing meeting; writing GCRF Hub proposal
Impact Proposal was not funded, so no outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description Invitation to Leeds University GCRF Hub consortium 
Organisation British Antarctic Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Core team member of the Leeds University led GCRF Hub proposal on managing extreme hydrometeorological events in the Himalayan region. Contributed to the agricultural modelling and adaptive capacity components of the proposal (worth (£612K @ 100% FEC), building on Sushi-Wat and MICCI activity in the region. Unfortunately proposal was not funded
Collaborator Contribution Developed consortium; hosting consortium proposal writing meeting; writing GCRF Hub proposal
Impact Proposal was not funded, so no outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description Invitation to Leeds University GCRF Hub consortium 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Core team member of the Leeds University led GCRF Hub proposal on managing extreme hydrometeorological events in the Himalayan region. Contributed to the agricultural modelling and adaptive capacity components of the proposal (worth (£612K @ 100% FEC), building on Sushi-Wat and MICCI activity in the region. Unfortunately proposal was not funded
Collaborator Contribution Developed consortium; hosting consortium proposal writing meeting; writing GCRF Hub proposal
Impact Proposal was not funded, so no outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description NIH-Roorkee: Grant application to the Newton-Bhabha funding 
Organisation National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This new research collaboration application, in response to the Newton-Bhabha funding initiative by UK-NERC and India-MoES, proposed a research project to investigate the development of tools and management practices for the sustainability of Himalayan water resources in a changing climate.. Cranfield co-lead the hydrological modelling activities and the development of the water resources systems model.
Collaborator Contribution They provided the methodological approach to specific work packages of the proposal, particularly focussed on the hydrological modelling, and are now co-leading the implementation of these work programmes
Impact The collaboration has led to the successful award of SusHi-Wat, a multi-disciplinary involving hydrologists, water resources engineers, ecologists, environmental scientists, climate modellers, glacial and agricultural specialists. Our collaboration has generated two pee-reviewed publications, with another currently undergoing review.
Start Year 2015
 
Description British Hydrological Society South East group meeting 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Momblanch gave a presentation at the British Hydrological Society South East group meeting on "Water resource systems modelling for global change adaptation in western Himalayas" in September 2019. Whilst generating no immediate impact, this presentation increased Momblanch's professional networks in the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Chandigargh stakeholder workshop (Feb 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stakeholder workshop hosted by the Bakra-Beas Management Board (BBMB), attended by the Chief Executive of the BBMB to discuss Sushi-Wat progress. Attendees represented the irrigation and hydropower sectors from Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. Much two-way discussion and feedback. BBMB Chief Executive suggested MOU to fomrlaise relationship between Sushi-Wat and BBMB to support uptake of outputs (and training) within the organisation. Stated willingness of participants to contribute to further discussions on system model representation to ensure local stakeholder knowledge is built into Sushi-Wat. Follow-up visits arranged in March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description GIAN shortcourse 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Planning and delivery of a 1-week Short course at IIT Kharagpur under the Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD)'s international scheme on Global Initiative on Academic Network (GIAN). The course on "Improved climate change adaptation strategies in water resources" was delivered to mostly post-graduate students and academic staff from multiple institutions from across India to improve their knowledge, understanding and capacity in top-down and bottom-up assessment of the consequences of climate and socioeconomic change and the development of adaptation strategies. The course received excellent feedback from the participants. All lectures were professionally videoed and should be made available through the GIAN youtube channel for wider availability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC-Vs6_sUP3rKT9Wllndc24g
 
Description Guest lecture at IIT Kharagpur 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Guest lecture to staff and PhD students in the Agricultural Engineering department at IIT Kharagpur, India, on "Climate change impacts and adaptation". Led to invitation to apply for a fellowship to spend research time at IIT Kharagpur in 2019, which was successful
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Guest lecture at IIT Roorkee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A guest lecture was delivered to academic staff and students at the Indian Institute of Technology in Roorkee on 'Water resources systems modelling' to discuss the use, application and limitations of a state-of-the-art systems modelling within a highly complex but data-sparce water resources system. The presentation and discussion aimed to increase their understanding of system conceptualisation, participatory model development and the use of Sustainable Development Goals to inform multi-objective solutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Guest lecture to National Institite of Hydrology- Roorkee staff on Water resources systems modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A guest lecture to National Institute of Hydrology-Roorkee staff on Water resources systems modelling, focusing on the application of the WEAP model to the upper Indus system. Talk generated considerable discussion and interest, which led to a request for a quotation to deliver a professional development training course to NIH staff. Unfortunately this was not taken up
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Guest lectures at National Institute of Technology, Karnataka 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Delivered two Guest Lectures to staff and students at National Institute of Technology, Karnataka on "Framing the future scenarios for India and what they mean" and "Adapting to a changing climate: challenges and opportunities for the water sector". These generated lively discussions and Q&A as the use of non-climate scenarios of the future (e.g. socio-economic scenarios) is less common, despite the rapid pace of socio-economic change in India. From the discussions, a plan to submit a proposal with NIT-K to the Global Initiatives on Academic Networks was agreed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description In-depth discussions with local irrigation and hydropower stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Field visit to engage with local stakeholders in the irrigation and hydropower sectors in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana in order to refine and improve set-up of the whole system model of the Beas-Sutlej systems. Detailed discussions and model feedback ensures that the whole system model accurately reflects local (unreported) water management practices and operation; and therefore increases stakeholder utility of the final model
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description MoES-NERC mid-term review 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of research progress and outcomes from across the SWR programme to NERC-Ministry of Earth Science review panel. Questions and discussions demonstrated that the collaborative research programme in meeting objectives
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Oral presentation at EGU 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation on "Systems modelling and nexus assessment to support global change adaptation in the Himalayas" at the European Geophysical Union annual conference in Vienna in 2018. Presentation promoted our collaborative modelling activities with Indian stakeholders and the challenges of balancing competing demands for water under conditions of water scarcity. Presentation generated discussions with audience; improved professional networks for the Research Fellow and useful feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description PICO at EGU 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation and follow-on interactive presentation and discussion with participants regarding the challenges of hydrological modelling in data-space regions of the world. Generated substantial interest and discussion in our inter-disciplinary approaches that range from data fusion of remote sensing platforms to participatory model development with stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at 3rd Indus Basin Knowledge Forum in Laxenburg, Austria in May/June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation on "Informing water management adaptation measures with participatory modelling" at 3rd Indus Basin Knowledge Forum in Laxenburg, Austria in May/June 2018. Sought to demonstrate the utility of the participatory development of water resources systems modelling in the multi-sectoral management of water resources in the upper Indus. Generated useful contacts, discussion and feedback for the PDRA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at European Climate Change Adaptation conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation on "Trading-off the water-food-energy-environment nexus under climate change in northern India" generated questions regarding the relative prioritisation and decision making associated with trade-offs when adapting water resource system management approaches.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on "Informing water management adaptation measures with nexus modelling" at AdaptationFutures 2018 in Cape Town 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation on "Informing water management adaptation measures with nexus modelling" at AdaptationFutures 2018 in Cape Town. Poster generated useful discussion and feedback on the choice of indicators for multi-sectoral assessment of trade-offs in adaptation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Roorkee Water Conclave 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on the use of water resources systems modelling with improved multi-objective management that takes ecosystem services into account to support acheivement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Questions and discussions prompted increased interest in the water resources systems modelling approach and the representation of ecosystem services.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SWR Modelling and Scenario Development workshop in Hyderabad 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contributed to the agenda setting within the NERC/MoES Sustaining Water Resources Programme workshop on "Modelling and Scenario Development" in Hyderabad, India. The workshop intended to promote increased awareness of systems modelling approaches being employed across the programme and to harmonise development and use of scenarios to increase compatibility. Workshop was very successful and led to agreed scenario usage, plans for socio-economic scenario development and plans for future collaborative modelling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SWR side-event at Water Futures conference - 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Holman and Momblanch participated in the Sustaining Water Resources Programme event at the Water Future Conference (September 2019) - Holman provided an overview of the SusHi-Wat project results; and Momblanch presented a poster on "Current & future state of ecosystem services in the Sutlej-Beas" (which won the runner-up Best Poster prize). The oral and poster presentations sparked plenty of discussions, Q&A and increased visibility of the SusHi-Wat and SWR programme outputs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Series of individual modleling meetings with NIH-Roorkee scientists and IIT-Roorkee PhD students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A series of individual meetings, requested by NIH-Roorkee scientists and IIT-Roorkee PhD students, to discuss the WEAP model (a state-of-the-art systems modelling); our application and limitations of it within a highly complex but data-sparce water resources system in India; and its potential use within their ongoing applied research and PhD research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Series of technical meetings with Indian stakeholders 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact These meetings followed on from earlier stakeholder workshop held at the Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) in Chandigargh in 2017, hosted by the Chief Executive, to promote a two-way dialogue between the project and key stakeholders. Subsequently in 2018, a series of follow-on half-day meetings were held with key Indian stakeholders to gather advice and feedback on the modelling; to develop a sense of shared ownership of the model and model outputs; and to increase understanding of the use of climate change and socio-economic change scenarios within their long-term strategic planning. Highly successful meetings were held with representative of SJVNL (hydropower company), BBMB (river basin authority and reservoir operator); irrigation officials from Command Area Development Authority (Haryana state) and officials from the Water Resources and Environment Department (Punjab state).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SoapBox Science Milton Keynes 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Momblanch participated in the public SoapBox Science Milton Keynes outreach event talking about "Can you guess the value of water?" to highlight the multiple uses of water and the need for balanced and sustainable water management. Using a physical model of SusHi-Wat's Himalayan river basin, members of the audience at each session of multiple sessions were invited to 'abstract' water from the catchment for their allocated use (agriculture, industry, public water supply etc) to see how downstream and in-river environmental users of water can suffer from poorly regulated and sectoral water allocations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Water resource systems modelling capacity building workshops - July 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Momblanch and Holman delivered two capacity building workshops and training to >65 Indian scientists and professional stakeholders at the National Institute of Hydrology (Roorkee) and in Chandigarh in July 2019 on the use of systems modelling for climate change adaptation. From the Q&A and discussions, there was increased awareness of the stakeholders (hydropower, irrigation) on projected climate change impacts and the use of models for strategic planning. The workshop at Roorkee has contributed to increased use of the state-of-the-art WEAP water resources systems modelling software at NIH Roorkee and IIT Roorkee, for which Momblanch provide ongoing mentoring to staff and students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Webinar on Water resource systems modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A webinar on "Water resource systems modelling: balancing stakeholder needs, process representation and model complexity" formed of an introduction by Holman, four guest presentations and interactive discussion. The webinar, which was promoted through the SWR projects and by the India-UK Water Centre, was attended by over 60 scientists from a wide range of universities, NITs and IITs across India, the UK and wider afield (including Vietnam). The topics of pros and cons of different modelling approaches, issues around data considerations and role of stakeholder involvement prompted a lively series of questions and discussions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019