From arc magmas to ores (FAMOS): A mineral systems approach

Lead Research Organisation: The Natural History Museum
Department Name: Earth Sciences

Abstract

Society is dependent on a reliable supply of metals and minerals for economic growth, improved standards of living, and development of infrastructure. Population growth means that even with increased recycling and resource efficiency, new mineral deposits still need to be discovered. The efficient exploration for, and discovery of, new resources requires new concepts and new tools.
The Mineral Systems approach to exploration considers ore deposits on a lithospheric scale, in terms of the "ingredients", processes and environments that favour their formation. This approach amounts to a "source-pathway-trap" model, with an increased emphasis on predictive capacity, rather than just feature recognition. Historically, much research has focused on the trap, and characterisation of the ore deposits themselves; here we aim to focus deeper in the system by integrating ore deposit formation with concepts of magmatism that arise from igneous petrology and volcanology. Therein lies a challenge because extant models for porphyry systems are increasingly at odds with magmatic models for crustal construction and arc volcanism. Rather than seeing magmatic systems in terms of large, liquid-rich magma chambers, emerging petrological models for crustal magmatism are turning instead to crystal-dominated, volatile-bearing "mushy" systems that traverse most or all of the crust. The dynamics of such systems have important consequences not just for arc magmatism, but also for the chemistry of the volatiles that are exsolved. These same volatiles fuel mineralisation and this is the synergy that we aim to exploit by assembling a multidisciplinary team of researchers from economic geology, igneous and metamorphic petrology, volcanology, geochemistry, numerical modelling and fluid dynamics. Our team embraces almost everyone currently engaged in porphyry mineralisation research in the UK and capitalises on strong existing links between UK ROs and the mining industry, many of who are Project Partners.
The research will involve analysis of minerals from a wide variety of mineralised and barren settings using a wealth of modern analytical tools that enable determination of an extensive suite of trace elements and isotope tracers. As each trace element responds to magmatic processes in subtly different ways due to the affinity of different elements for different phases (minerals, melts and fluids), so the multi-element approach affords many advantages over conventional proxies in which the full potential of the Periodic Table is not exploited. The analysis of natural systems will be underpinned by high pressure and temperature experiments to establish the phase relationships of ascending arc magmas and the partition coefficients that capture the affinities of elements for certain phases. As fluid accumulation and migration is an essential, but poorly understood, final step in ore deposit formation, we will develop, in tandem with the geochemistry, numerical models for fluid-bearing mushy systems. Finally, consideration will be given to critical metals that are passengers through the main ore-forming processes, but constitute important, often under-explored, by-products of porphyry mineralisation.
The research proposed has a strong element of blue skies investigation, but a particular focus on outcomes that will benefit industry through improved exploration tools. Thus the project bridges the divide between academic and applied research in a way that is not normally possible through industry-funded projects. This bridging activity lies at the heart of the Highlight Topic call, specifically through the integration of new advances in the study of mineral systems, igneous petrology and geochemistry, with a view to identifying conditions that can act as pathfinders for new targets. A key outcome will be a range of trace element proxies that will enable the mining industry to establish the potential fertility of a magmatic arc on local to regional scales.

Planned Impact

We have taken an "embedded impact" approach with FAMOS. Stakeholders and beneficiaries have been involved with the development of the project from its initiation (including the initial Highlight Topic suggestion). The scientific content of the proposal was developed in discussion with representatives from industry, and the final consortium has assembled an Advisory Board that includes industry representatives so as to maintain two-way knowledge exchange and ensure development of impact. We have also engaged an international set of project partners (PP) who will extend the reach of our impact (see letters of support). The embedded impact will be delivered through various activities to support outreach, engagement and dissemination.

The key impact goal for FAMOS is to improve discovery rates of porphyry deposits by aiding exploration under cover, influencing decision making in the exploration process, reducing exploration risk and reducing the environmental impacts of drilling and associated disruptive fieldwork through more efficient prospectivity assessment.

There are four impact objectives within FAMOS:

1) A revised Mineral Systems model of porphyry deposit formation. This will lead to improved targeting at regional and igneous complex scales and better inputs to national strategies on mineral resources. Beneficiaries include PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES involved in mining, exploration and consultancy (e.g. PPs Anglo American, Rio Tinto, BHPBilliton, Freeport McMoRan), and NATIONAL AGENCIES charged with encouraging exploration and developing strategic resources (e.g. BGS and PP USGS).

2) New proxies for porphyry fertility. This will provide low-cost tools and approaches that will support improved decision-making during exploration. By using multiple proxies within a single sample, more data-rich exploration is possible, and in turn less sampling is required and less environmental impact is caused. Beneficiaries will include PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES involved in exploration, consultancy, and the provision of data and analytical equipment to industry (i.e. service companies, e.g. see PPs Olympus, Zeiss and SRK ES letters of support).

3) E-tech elements in porphyries. We will generate vital data for better global and national e-tech resource estimation. This facilitates improved targeting for specific e-techs during exploration, and improved metallurgical characterisation of them. Beneficiaries will be GOVERNMENT AGENCIES who advise on resource strategy (e.g. BGS, PP USGS), and POLICY MAKERS IN GOVERNMENT planning future clean energy strategies. PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES exploring for resources (see PP Anglo American letter of support) and end-users of e-techs will benefit through improved strategic knowledge of future supplies and the WIDER PUBLIC will gain through support of sustainable environmental technologies for a low-carbon society.

4) Outreach, education and training. We have planned activities to increase public understanding of resource issues (discovery, depletion, environmental and social impacts, the 'e-tech' concept), particularly through NHM outreach, and activities to encourage the uptake of the new model and proxies with professional geoscientists through training workshops, short courses and engagement at high profile conferences. Beneficiaries include the WIDER PUBLIC, PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES as publicly traded bodies and employers of skilled professionals and PROFESSIONAL BODIES such as the IOM3 and Mineral Deposits Studies Group (see letter of support) who support training and professional development for their members.
 
Description Research objectives in relation to industry applications and the wider relevance of resources (especially copper) to the green energy transition have been communicated to UK government science advisors, HM Treasury, and via a government POST secondment (Dan Smith). We are widening our public engagement interactions with a number of online presentations and webinars reaching up to several hundred participants in the industry and investment sectors worldwide. Scientific outputs from the grant are gaining increasing coverage in the popular press and industry magazines because of their relevance to the energy transition.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Parliamentary Office of Science & Technology - Academic Fellow
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Richard Herrington gave oral evidence to the Lords Science and Technology Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://parliamentlive.tv/Event/Index/c1e06ecf-bdab-4638-a740-b9be9a69010f
 
Description Funding PhD student Emily Brugge at Imperial College and The Natural History Museum
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Organisation Rio Tinto Group 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 03/2020
 
Description Funding PhD student Emily Brugge at Imperial College and The Natural History Museum
Amount £94,776 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 03/2020
 
Description Funding for PhD student Catherine Booth at Imperial College
Amount £96,292 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD student Chetan Nathwani at Imperial College and The Natural History Museum
Amount £27,300 (GBP)
Organisation Anglo American PLC 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD student Chetan Nathwani at Imperial College and The Natural History Museum
Amount £96,292 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD student Jess Berry at Leicester University
Amount £89,114 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD student Jess Berry at University of Leicester
Amount £3,500 (GBP)
Organisation Carl Zeiss AG 
Sector Private
Country Germany
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD student Lawrence Carter at the University of Exeter and The Natural History Museum
Amount £89,292 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description Funding for PhD student Tom Matthews at Imperial College and The Natural History Museum
Amount £96,292 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD student Tom Matthews at Imperial College and The Natural History Museum
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Organisation Rio Tinto Group 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Funding for PhD students Ed Bunker and Simon Dahlstrom at Bristol University
Amount £120,000 (GBP)
Organisation BHP Billiton 
Sector Private
Country Australia
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description Funding for PhD students Rebecca Perkins and Damaris Butters at Bristol University
Amount £178,228 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description NERC Isotope Geosciences Facilities Steering Committee grant
Amount £85,000 (GBP)
Funding ID IP-1876-1118 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Pump Priming Grant
Amount £6,496 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Tracking the volatile evolution of magmas forming porphyry copper deposits using apatite inclusions in zircon
Amount £12,000 (GBP)
Funding ID IMF722/1121 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 02/2022
 
Title Chemical microanalysis of mineral inclusions 
Description A method was developed for the accurate microanalysis of ultrafine apatite inclusions hosted within zircon crystals using laser ablation ICP-MS 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Method is delivering critical data for the FAMOS project, and affiliated PhD and postdoctoral research 
 
Title Microanalysis of melt inclusions in zircon 
Description A method has been developed for the microanalysis of melt inclusions in zircon using high P melt homogenization coupled with analysis by electron and ion microprobe to yield chemical compositional data, including volatiles 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Key preliminary insights into volatiles in porphyry melts has been gained via the affiliated PhD student project. 
 
Title Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in zircon 
Description Using standards, optimal operating conditions and methodology for the microanalysis of small (~10 micron) mineral inclusions in zircon, in particular apatite, have been developed using both electron microprobe and laser ablation ICP-MS. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Key research findings currently being prepared for publication have been made possible by the development of this technique. 
 
Description Anglo American - Los Bronces district, Chile 
Organisation Anglo American PLC
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team will analyse individual accessory minerals, using microanalytical techniques, in order to isolate signals that represent specific time increments in the evolution of the magma chambers or mush zones sourcing mineralizing fluids with the aim of confidently being able to assess the likely fertility of a magmatic arc segment, or of individual intrusive centres within a district, at an early stage of exploration.
Collaborator Contribution Anglo American has agreed to grant access to the Los Bronces district and make available confidential data and information for the study. Anglo American will provide the team with logistical field support, certain general geological and geochronological data relating to the Rio-Blanco-Los Bronces district. Anglo American representative David Braxton gave a presentation in November 2018 highlighting key areas of research of relevance to mineral exploration activities to help guide the programme. Anglo American representative Christian Ihlenfeld gave a presentation in August 2019 at SGA Glasgow on fertility assessment in porphyryr copper exploration - an industry perspective.
Impact The research team have carried out two sampling campaigns at the Los Bronces mine, central Chile.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Anglo-American collaborators co-author FAMOS papers 
Organisation Anglo American PLC
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Access to project data and scientific outputs, invitation to attend project update meetings
Collaborator Contribution Papers on Quellaveco and machine learning by PhD student Chetan Nathwani both had co-authors from Anglo American collaborators.
Impact Two papers: 1. FAMOS paper 18 published in Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: Nathwani et al. "From long-lived batholith construction to giant porphyry copper deposit formation: petrological and zircon chemical evolution of the Quellaveco District, Southern Peru". Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology volume 176, Article number: 12 (2021) 2. FAMOS paper 28 published in Mineralium Deposita: Nathwani et al "Machine learning for geochemical exploration: classifying metallogenic fertility in arc magmas and insights into porphyry copper deposit formation". Mineralium Deposita (2022) https://doi.org/10.1007/s00126-021-01086-9
Start Year 2018
 
Description BHP 
Organisation BHP Billiton
Country Australia 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Presented initial project results to representatives from BHP in May and November 2018, highlighting industry-relevant aspects.
Collaborator Contribution BHP agreed to open up project results from two PhD projects they are supporting and provide access to samples from several of their operations.
Impact None
Start Year 2018
 
Description Quantum Discoveries - Fertility Fingerprints Project (2016-2019) 
Organisation Quantum Pacific Exploration SpA
Country Chile 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution A postdoctoral research associate - Dr Matthew Loader - was affiliated to the FAMOS team (2017-2019) and shared the results of his relevant research project with the consortium. He was working full time collecting mineral chemistry data on a suite of samples from Northern and Central Chile that brought a wider context to our planned case studies in Chile. A number of whole rock analyses and a large number of major and trace element analyses were completed on zircon and apatite separates.
Collaborator Contribution The project (2016-2019) was fully funded by an industry partner, Quantum Discoveries, and was worth around £320,000 as an in-kind contribution to the project. The company also supplied the time of a project manager within the company, technical input on results, samples, and additional geological data.
Impact Exploration tools based on whole rock multivariate geochemistry have been delivered to the sponsor. Publications arising from this work are currently in preparation.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Rio Tinto 
Organisation Rio Tinto Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We presented initial project results to representatives from the partner companies in May and November 2018, highlighting industry-relevant aspects.
Collaborator Contribution Rio Tinto agreed to fully open up two PhD projects they are supporting, including results obtained from their own in-house mineral separate samples.
Impact No outputs to report yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description SRK Consulting 
Organisation SRK Consulting
Country Canada 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Delivery of research outputs via 6-monthly meetings to staff from the company.
Collaborator Contribution Regular attendance at progress meetings by company representatives, providing giudance and insights on research objectives and also giving technical presentations on topics of mutual interest.
Impact None
Start Year 2017
 
Description Zeiss 
Organisation Carl Zeiss AG
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Case study material, meeting and networking connections
Collaborator Contribution Analytical equipment training, follow on research, student support.
Impact Publications by Holwell, funding opportunities
Start Year 2016
 
Description @NORMS_IC Twitter account 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact NORMS Twitter account promotes and publicizes activities of group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
 
Description Article in Mining.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Article entitled "Understanding how porphyry-type copper deposits are formed may lead to new resources - study" that addresses the missing link in models that explain the formation of porphyry-type copper deposits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.mining.com/understanding-how-porphyry-type-copper-deposits-are-formed-may-lead-to-new-re...
 
Description Article on formation of copper deposits 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Article on the University of Exeter website entitled "Pioneering study gives new insight into formation of copper deposits" about the new theory for how porphyry copper deposits formed, a study by a team of geologists led by Lawrence Carter, PhD student from the Camborne School of Mines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/research/title_849061_en.html
 
Description COP26 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact FAMOS members were part of a panel event at COP26, discussing the material requirements of green energy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Co-edited Futurum (online outreach resource for young people) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Jamie Wilkinson, Jon Blundy, Matt Jackson and Dan Smith co-edited an article on FAMOS-related research for Futurum which produces online and print articles and outreach resources to encourage young people into STEM/STEMM/STEAM subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://futurumcareers.com/magma-detectives-studying-volcanic-arcs-to-find-valuable-minerals-in-eart...
 
Description Development of FAMOS website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Development of website including information on the project collaborators, project outline, project outputs and project updates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/our-work/sustainability/from-arc-magmas-to-ores.html
 
Description Development of Twitter account @FAMOS_ores 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Development of Twitter account @FAMOS_ores including information on project outputs, conference participation and project updates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Essex Rock & Mineral Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk for local geological society on raw materials for the green transition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description INFACT Online Discussion Event - Green Mining 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Natural History Museum including FAMOS researchers hosted an online discussion meeting on "Can mining make the world a greener place?", 3-4th December, 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.can-mining-make-the-world-a-greener-place.com/
 
Description LODE Symposium (March 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact FAMOS-related research was presented as part of The London Centre for Ore Deposits and Exploration (LODE) symposium in March 2019. This symposium forms part of the project's engagement activity with industry stakeholders. Senior staff from Anglo American, Rio Tinto and First Quantum were in attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Letter regarding resources for UK net zero carbon policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Letter regarding resource demands of new government policy for "net zero carbon emissions" by 2050. Sent to Committee on Climate Change, and BBC. Distributed by a number of news outlets. (Lead author Herrington).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nhm.ac.uk/press-office/press-releases/leading-scientists-set-out-resource-challenge-of-m...
 
Description Live Talk on YouTube 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact FAMOS PhD student Chetan Nathwani gave a live talk on the Natural History Museum's YouTube channel about valuable metals and how we will depend on them for a greener future, entitled "Down the Mines"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://youtu.be/UV21ylW6SNs
 
Description Mineral Resources Economics and Management Msci Course, University of Bologna (Italy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Around 30 students of the Mineral Resources Economics and Management Msci Course of the University of Bologna (Italy) attended the lecture of volcanoes. The lectures focussed on several aspects of magmatic and volcanic activity and sparked questions and discussion afterward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021,2022
 
Description Mineralogical Society Distinguished Lecturer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland has invited Dan Smith to tour the UK and Ireland as a 2017-18 Distinguished Lecturer. He has delivered multiple talks on his research and its impact to audiences from academia (all levels), professional societies, and amateur interest groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://www.minersoc.org/distinguished-lectures-17-18.html
 
Description Mineralogical Society Research Topic on Diffusion 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Around 80 researchers attended the first research topic on diffusion organised virtually by the Mineralogical Society. The title of the invited talk was Elemental diffusion chronostatigraphy: a non-isothermal approach to magma dynamics. During the workshop there was a good discussion among the research on the new advancements of the research on elemental diffusion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.minersoc.org/diffusion.html
 
Description Nottingham Green Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Outreach event - invited talk at Nottingham Green Festival regarding future of resource supply for a decarbonised economy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Outreach article (local newsletter) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Jamie Wilkinson published a short outreach article in a local newsletter "A life with minerals" The Lee Newsletter, April 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Promoting FAMOS (PDAC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Members of FAMOS team attended the PDAC conventions and promoted FAMOS research to industry and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020,2021
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - EGU 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended EGU 2019 & 2020 conference to promote FAMOS research with industry and academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - EGU 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Jamie Wilkinson co-chaired session GD5.2 of the virtual EGU 2020 conference - "Subduction zones: volatiles, dynamics, and melts".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Exploration 17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended the Exploration 17, Decennial Mining Exploration Conference in Toronto to promote FAMOS research to industry and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.exploration17.com/Program-Schedule.aspx
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Goldschmidt conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Chiara Petrone attended the virtual Goldschmidt conference and convened a session on "From mush to magma: the dynamics of volcanic systems and their link with volcanism".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Harold Wilson Memorial Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Jamie Wilkinson gave a lecture at the Harold Wilson Memorial Lecture supported by Geological Survey Northern Ireland "Copper Giants: Geology, Genesis and new Pathways to Discovery", Imperial College London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Hutton Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium give keynote talks at the Hutton Symposium on Granites, Nanjing, October 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - ICNMTA 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact FAMOS PhD student Lawrence Carter gave a talk at the virtual 17th International Conference on Nuclear Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA2020), 13-18 September 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Imperial College Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium had a "How water fuels volcanoes" stand at the outreach event at the Imperial College Festival, April 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/186026/imperial-festival-gold-mine-earth-science/
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - MDSG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended the Mineral Deposits Studies Group meetings in 2019 & 2020 to promote FAMOS research with industry and academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://mdsg.org.uk/
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - NHM "European Researchers Night" 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact FAMOS staff represented the project at Then Natural History Museum's flagship outreach event, "European Researchers Night", September 2018 & 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - SEG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended SEG 2018, 2019 & 2020 conferences to promote FAMOS research with industry and academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
URL https://www.segweb.org/SEG/_Events/Conference_Archive/2018/Website/index.html
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - SEG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended SEG 2017 "Ore deposits of China and Beyond" conference to promote FAMOS research with industry and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.segweb.org/SEG/Events/SEG_Conference_Archives/SEG/_Events/SEG_Conference_Archives.aspx?h...
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - SGA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended SGA 2018 & 2019 conferences to promote FAMOS research with industry and academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://www.sga2019glasgow.com/
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - SGA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS team attended the 14th SGA Biennial Meeting in Quebec City, Canada and promoted FAMOS research to industry and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://sga2017.ca/
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Students into Mining Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Jamie Wilkinson gave an invited talk at the annual Students into Mining Symposium at Imperial College, London, January 2019, organised by the SEG Student Chapter, about research careers related to mining and mineral exploration and gave a summary of the FAMOS research project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - Symposium of Society of Resource Geology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Member of the FAMOS Consortium attended the International Symposium of the 67th Annual Meeting of the Society of Resource Geology to promote FAMOS research with industry and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.gipc.akita-u.ac.jp/~yasushiwatanabe/images/porphyry.pdf
 
Description Promoting FAMOS - VMSG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the FAMOS consortium attended and presented at the Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group conferences to promote FAMOS to industry partners and fellow academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2021
 
Description Research highlight, BGS News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact British Geological Survey research highlight entitled "Insights into the 'missing link' of how copper ore deposits form" about the study led by PhD student Lawrence Carter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.bgs.ac.uk/news/insights-into-the-missing-link-of-how-copper-ore-deposits-form/
 
Description Royal Society Summer Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Online talks and Q&As by FAMOS members, primary audience being the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2021/07/mining-for-sustainable-future/
 
Description Ruhr Universitat Bochum seminar series 2021 on Diffusion modelling to determine timescales of processes (diffusion chronometry) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ruhr Universitat Bochum is organising a series of seminars focussed on discussing diffusion modelling and the latests advancement in the field. In November 2021 I was invited to present my Non-Isothermal Diffusion Model and around 80 researchers attended the talk virtually. The talk sparked good discussion among the attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://diffchron.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/seminar-october-28/
 
Description Schools Outreach (Great Missenden CofE Primary, Year 3) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Explanation of arc magmatism and copper deposits to Year 3 students using NHM collection rock specimens, 16th Feb 2022
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Science-A-Thon 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Barbara Kunz, at the Open University participated in Science-A-Thon 2019 which is a five-day social media celebration of STEM. The goal of Science-A-Thon is to increase visibility of science and the important role it plays in the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.scienceathon.org/science-a-thon-2019
 
Description Soapbox Science (Milton Keynes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Barbara Kunz, research project officer working in the geochemistry lab of the School of Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences at the Open University (OU) spoke about the FAMOS project at Soapbox Science, Milton Keynes in June 2019. Soapbox Science is a novel public outreach platform for promoting women scientists and the science they do.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://mksoapboxscience.wordpress.com/2019/07/01/soapbox-science-mk-life-changing/