NATIONAL-SCALE IMPACT-BASED FORECASTING OF FLOOD RISK IN UGANDA (NIMFRU)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Reading
Department Name: Walker Institute

Abstract

Despite significant investments in early warning systems, only limited progress has been made towards making flood prone communities safe (UN SDG Report, 2017). Forecast-based Financing is an initiative to enable humanitarian funds for early action to be released before a disaster on the basis of a forecast. The initial Forecast-based Financing pilot (FbF) project in North Eastern Uganda has highlighted the complexity in establishing vulnerability and response thresholds (Coughlan de Perez et al. 2016) to guide interventions. Scaling-up FbF across a nation is therefore a grand challenge due to the complexity of environmental, climatic and socio-economic factors affecting flood risk, the multi-sectoral (health, environment, water, transport) impacts and the range of factors affecting response at community level. Understanding the specific vulnerabilities of communities at different seasons, and their exposure to different types of flood threat is key to improving physical and livelihood risk assessment, preparedness, communication and response, The demand from the FbF community for impact-based forecasts at a national scale in Uganda therefore drives the need for a new approach that synthesises evidence from different disciplines including climate science, hydrology, and livelihoods. The NIMFRU project responds to this need, through a new approach that will provide comprehensive flood impact assessments for FbF across all areas of Uganda, complementing the SHEAR-FATHUM project's outputs on forecast skill with basic household economy/socio-economic information, to guide preparedness, protection and response.

FATHUM's approach is the basis for NIMFRU's overarching aim, which is to improve the targeting, relevance and communication of flood warning and response in Uganda, through better integration and analysis of information on the sensitivities and vulnerabilities of different population groups to flood events across the agricultural year. Through linking with the FbF initiative, NIMFRU's research outcomes will inform developments for impact-based forecasting beyond Uganda.

We will achieve this new synthesis of climate science and livelihoods analysis through our well established consortium of globally recognised leaders in hydrology, climate science and livelihoods research and practice, together with long standing stakeholder networks and existing, strong and equitable relationships with our project partners. With wide ranging and extensive local and regional knowledge of policy processes, our team has the critical capacity to ensure NIMRFU's work is fully embedded within national agencies including NECOC's flood information system, its humanitarian relief database and its emergency response mechanisms. This will ensure the project's long term legacy, its sustainability and its extensibility beyond the pilot districts, across Uganda, and to Sub-Saharan Africa and beyond.

Planned Impact

DIRECT BENEFICIARIES of this project include local communities in Katakwi district (pop 178,800, 95% living in rural areas), who will benefit directly from the flood impact and agricultural information transmitted through UNMA's Farmer AgriMet Village Clinics (FAMVACs) and local radio forums. The FAMVACs will use the project's enhanced flood impact evidence at LC5 and LC3 levels to secure improved investments in local flood response and livelihood protection, providing a model for transparent, evidence-based decision making, accountability and good governance.

INDIRECT BENEFICIARIES include the 21 million people worldwide who are affected by river floods, on average, each year (World Resources Institute, 2015). It is estimated that this number could increase to 54 million by 2030 due to climate change and socio-economic development. The methodology for providing credible flood early warning and improved, livelihood relevant response that will be an outcome of this research, is designed to minimise late response to flood warnings and reduce the number of lives lost through floods (157,000 over the past 20 years, UNISDR The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters, Jan2016)

NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS/DECISION-MAKERS will benefit from the project's technical advances. It will provide NECOC with flood/socio-economic vulnerability assessments through the Livelihoods Impact Based flood forecasting (LIMB) tool and data platform, allowing enhanced national emergency preparedness and disaster response. The integrated data platform and associated archives will lead to a sustained improvement in understanding of trends around climate and livelihoods to inform national and regional planning. Through its FAMVAC network, the Uganda Met service (UNMA), will offer enhanced climate information services, with advice tailored to local livelihood systems and flood risks. The economic value of this information to smallholder farmers will justify further investment in UNMA. The Department for Water Resource Management (UDWRM in the UMWE) will apply findings from this research in its Catchment Management Plans (CMP; Statement of Support attached) to guide the integrated management and development of water resources, using Katakwi district as a pilot. The NIMFRU knowledge synthesis training (linked to CSAT) and curriculum work will equip Academic partners with skills to maintain the flood-livelihoods vulnerability database and lead further research into flood early warning and socio-economic response at community level. This will provide Uganda with a long term resource to maintain data collection and integration in the LIMB/NECOC system

Building on well-established government, civil society, private sector and academic networks REGIONAL, INTERNATIONAL & BILATERAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS will be made aware of project methodology and findings. Partners will initiate discussions at EAC and AU levels to promote the wider application of NIMFRU's tools and approaches to reduce loss of life and livelihoods across the continent and beyond. Private sector relevance of the LIMB extends to weather index and micro insurance, commodity trading and agribusiness; renewable energy; and banking including micro finance.

NON-GOVERNMENTAL & CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS including CAN-U will use information from this project to strengthen their climate and environmental policy work. LYF's local radio work, combined with the FAMVAC network will facilitate knowledge exchange, increasing understanding of marginalised, local and sub-national issues. The LYF Radio Extension platform together with RAINWATCH-Uganda (www.rainwatch-africa.org) will benefit smallholders in the pilot communities through a two-way dialogue. Work with LYF will extend NIMFRU's reach through the delivery of agricultural extension and weather information via Uganda Broadcasting Corporation (UBC) and Uganda Rural Development and Training Programme (Kagadi) & the Kagadi-Kibaale Community Radio.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Detailed livelihood baselines that can be used over the next 5- 10 years for measuring changes in access to livelihoods and forecast of likely consequence's at household, village and community levels.

The Katakwi District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC) has improved its reporting mechanism by adopting evidence based information from NIMFRU project, on the potential/actual impact of hazards such as floods. Most importantly the type of repose required based on data/information generated through NIMFRU pilot project.

• Successful kick off and project planning meeting in Kampala in 6-8th November 2018
• Successful HEA and IHM data collection in the Katakwi districts which have assisted in establishing sites for the both the community listening groups and the physical data collection around rainfall, land use.
• Extensive IDR partnerships built with key stakeholder communities through a series of national and district government and community meetings
• The Conversation article approved for development by editor.
• LYF Impact Award resulting in the commission of a new film which will showcase NIMFRU (and UPGRo BRAVE).
• The first NIMFRU radio programmes broadcast in local language on ETOP FM using content recorded with the Katawi-based listener group have received a very positive response from listeners with many calling in to request further information and request their continuation.
• A total of 224 community members attended the first FAMVACs to receive and share information on weather and climate, exceeding expectations.
• A protocol for the integration of the UNMA Farmer Clinics and the LYF Community Listening groups has been established and published - https://zenodo.org/record/3369280#.X4V1U2hKiUk .

Any media coverage has included:
• The Conversation - as agreed with the editor - in the wake of the recent flooding in Mozambique and Malawi, the project is preparing an article to highlight flood resilience linking to NIMFRU and FATHUM.
• Launch of the community listening groups which actively integrate the FAMVAC into the wider framework of activities around information dissemination and application
• LYF Impact Award resulting in the commission of a new film which will showcase NIMFRU (and UPGRo BRAVE).
Exploitation Route The project has initiated new work with machine learning specialists to develop a method for detecting livelihood zones using publicly available remote sensing data. This has the potential to be transformative across the African Continent, and globally - with the ability to combine in situ measurements with remote sensing observations to monitor the long-term impact of climate change on people's livelihoods and deliver synthesised evidence to government and humanitarian responders. This helps to better target constrained resources to the people who need support first.

Discussions are ongoing with the Ugandan National Disaster Management Agency (NECOC), the Ugandan Red Cross (URCS) and the Red Cross Climate Centre (RCCS) about the appropriate flood forecast timelines that would enable timely and useful assessments of flood risk by national and district disaster risk reduction officers when integrated with livelihoods information. The flood impact matrix that has been developed to gather knowledge from local experts on the impact of flooding during each month of the year on commonly grown crops, livestock and other employment activities is a new tool that links flood forecast information from GloFAS to impacts on livelihoods on the ground, using the HEA (Livelihoods) data collected for Katakwi district - these developments are core to the LIMB (Livelihoods Impact-Based Flood Forecast system) Our negotiations with NECOC, URCS and RCCS are now focusing on scaling the LIMB nationally and determining the resources and time inputs required (February 2021).
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment

URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/about-walker/news-events/final-data-collection-phase-begins-on-nimfru-flooding-project
 
Description Detailed livelihood baselines that can be used over the next 5- 10 years for measuring changes in access to livelihoods and forecast of likely consequence's at household, village and community levels. The Katakwi District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC) has improved its reporting mechanism by adopting evidence based information from NIMFRU project, on the potential/actual impact of hazards such as floods. Most importantly the type of repose required based on data/information generated through NIMFRU pilot project. Other key achievements so far: • Successful kick off and project planning meeting in Kampala in 6-8th November 2018 • Successful HEA and IHM data collection in the Katakwi districts which have assisted in establishing sites for the both the community listening groups and the physical data collection around rainfall, land use. • Extensive IDR partnerships built with key stakeholder communities through a series of national and district government and community meetings • The Conversation article approved for development by editor. • LYF Impact Award resulting in the commission of a new film which will showcase NIMFRU (and UPGRo BRAVE). • The first NIMFRU radio programmes broadcast in local language on ETOP FM using content recorded with the Katawi-based listener group have received a very positive response from listeners with many calling in to request further information and request their continuation. • A total of 224 community members attended the first FAMVACs to receive and share information on weather and climate, exceeding expectations. • Co-development of new distance learning course "Learning To Co-Produce" by SHEAR projects, now hosted by the Walker Academy to widen and sustain international participation. • Technological development of the Livelihoods Impact-Based Flood Forecasting system leading to strengthened partnership between the Red Cross and the Ugandan National Disaster Management Agency (NECOC) and ongoing work to embed within NECOC and the Red Cross Climate Centre Early Warning - Early Action Protocol. Any media coverage has included: • The Conversation - as agreed with the editor - in the wake of the recent flooding in Mozambique and Malawi, the project is preparing an article to highlight flood resilience linking to NIMFRU and FATHUM. • Launch of the community listening groups which actively integrate the FAMVAC into the wider framework of activities around information dissemination and application • LYF Impact Award resulting in the commission of a new film which will showcase NIMFRU (and UPGRo BRAVE).
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description NIMFRU at The Parliamentary Committee on Climate Change and Environment
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact NIMFRU secured a dialogue with the Parliamentary Committee on Climate Change and Environment which took place on Tuesday 19th November 2019. The presentation that was delivered by the national NIMFRU team included sharing on Flood Risk in Uganda and Katakwi ,sharing on Farmer Agri-met Village Advisory Clinics (FAMVACS), sharing on Farmer Voice Radio and sharing on Climate Change and Flood Risk. Following this presentation it was noted that the meeting appreciated the NIMFRU interventions at the community level and suggestions were made that Etop radio can partner with a Katakwi-based radio called Joshua FM to ensure a wider reach of the information flow to the Katakwi communities where it is more grounded and also explore alternatives of more sub-counties to be considered for the FAMVACs. The legislative arm at the national level is now aware about the impact of flood risk in Uganda and needs to continually be engaged to reach to wider groups within the parliament. There is a strong base to support flood risk and NIMFRU work inclusion into the National Climate Change Bill due for tabling early 2020.
 
Description National Disaster Risk Reduction Platform
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The National Disaster Risk Reduction Platform is a monthly meeting of all stakeholders coordinated by the Office of the Prime Minister. Hon, James Acidri presented on the following: 1. Updates on the Weather Forecast 2. Food Security and threat of Dessert Locusts Invasion. 3. Report on the Disaster Situation following the Second season (SOND) Rainfall Season 2019. 4. Discussion on the Post Disaster Needs Assessment. All these have a bearing on Katakwi, the district was among the affected areas in the recent floods and it is estimated that if the easterlies continue blowing, it is likely that the locusts swams may go through Elgon and escalate into Teso Land if not contained in Kenya or by the boarder. These will increase stress levels on communities in Katakwi. By presenting at this meeting, NIMFRU was able to share key findings to influence policy priorities with national government bodies dealing with Disaster Risk Reduction.
 
Title Applying machine learning techniques to identify livelihood zones 
Description The cost of identifying and assessing detailed rural livelihood zones is a key limitation preventing wider adoption of the impact-based flood forecasting method developed in the NIMFRU project. We are working to lower the cost in time and expertise of this process by using machine learning techniques to automate the first step of livelihoods data collection - mapping of 'livelihood zones'. We have developed a test case for the machine learning algorithm based on Malawi livelihood zones, but this requires large amount of data processing and could benefit from multiple different machine learning algorithms. We are therefore working with our partners Evidence for Development, to develop a proposal to Datakind - a consultancy providing free data processing and modelling work to worthwhile not-for-profit projects. Working with datakind would provide technical machine learning expertise and support with data processing, to enable us to test our approach on multiple datasets and scale up the methodology. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact No notable impacts as of yet. 
 
Title Development of a Flood Impact Matrix methodology 
Description To integrate flood forecast information with impact of people's livelihoods, we need to know how flooding will impact key crops, livestock and employment. To gather local stakeholder expertise on which crops and activities would be impacted by flooding during each month of the year, we developed a flood impact matrix. The matrix lists the key crops, livestock and employment activities from an area against the months of the year. Agriculture extension officers were then asked to fill out the matrix by putting a cross in the box corresponding to a month when each crop/activity would be impacted if there was a flood. The boxes which are marked with a cross can then be colour coded to indicate whether this is a positive or negative impact. For example, brick making from clay may be positively impacted by floods, whereas sweet potato crops may be negatively impacted. This matrix provides a link between flood forecasts and the impacts such a flood would have on livelihoods, enabling an impact-based assessment of flood risk and more targeted disaster response planning. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This research tool has been used to collect assessment from 5 district officers who particpated in the NIMFRU project in Katakwi. 
 
Title FAMVAC and Listening Group Facilitation Handbook 
Description The handbook was written to support the NIMFRU fieldwork by providing information and a step-by-step guide to designing and running Farmer Agri-Met Village Advisory Clinics (FAMVACs) together with Listening Groups (LGs) to ensure that they complement one another. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This field guide has actively been used to support the running of 6 monthly weeks of FAMVACs and LGs in Uganda. 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/3369280#.XkvT7Wj7TyQ
 
Title Rainwatch Handbook 
Description The Rainwatch Handbook has been designed to support users of all levels to understanding the Rainwatch platform so that they are able to adapt this to fit their specific needs. The manual has been used in conjunction with the multiple Rainwacth training events which have been rolled out throughout West Africa. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The development of this research tool has allowed practitioners, policy makers and local governance members to be able to teach themselves how to use the platform. It is open source which means it is accessible to all. This has also been supported by the development of a Rainwatch video to support users. 
URL http://walker.ac.uk/about-walker/news-events/new-rainwatch-handbook-a-step-by-step-guide-to-using-ra...
 
Title Development of the IDAPS platform 
Description The Integrated Database for African Policymakers (IDAPS) is being developed, with additional livelihoods data being uplifted and software adjustments to support more complex modelling of change scenarios. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact No impact defined as of yet. 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/3701722#.YCPhD2j7RPY
 
Title Impact Case Study Interviews and Flood Impact Matrix 
Description Having completed the main NIMFRU fieldwork of the HEA/IHM study, Listening Groups and FAMVACs this data set, the final step of the project to conduct a series of 1:1 interviews to assess the impact of these interventions on participating community members and district officers. The district officers will also complete a Flood Impact Matrix. In the final data collection there were 21 completed Flood Impact Matrices and 21 1:1 interviews with communities members across the three target communities. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This data has not yet been analysed, but it is expetced to assess the impact of the NIMFRU intervention on the community members and the district officers. 
 
Title NIMFRU HEA and IHM dataset 
Description To establish baseline data and data which could be added to the project platforms, data was collected through the Household Economy Analysis and Individual Household Methodology methods in the Katakwi district. The HEA study conducted Community Key Informants at 15 village levels with approximately 80 people. Household wealth group representatives at village level with approximately 240 people. The total number of Participants was 320. IHM study undertook 2 in depth village surveys. A total of approximately 25 people were involved in focus group discussions at each site, and 53 individual household interviews in Kaikimosing (V1) and 43 in Anyangabella (V2) were conducted. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This data feeds directly into project platforms such as the IDAPs platform, and supported the selection of the Listening Group members. 
 
Title Skills testing of GloFAS flood forecasts for integration into the LIMB system 
Description The different flood forecast products from GloFAS are being tested for skill at different lead times, different times of year and for different trigger probabilities. This is generating new data on forecast product skill for Uganda, particularly focused on the Katakwi region. Additionally, ECMWF staff are producing historical forecasts of an experiment layer for GloFAs called Rapid Risk Mapping, which gives information on the spatial extent of floods, for testing against a list of known flood events in Katakwi. This will provide a new test of the experimental layer on gloFAS, which could prove very useful for flood forecasting, and create a new dataset of historical flood extent maps. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact No impact as of yet. 
 
Description Collaboration with ECOTRUST and CAN-U 
Organisation Climate Action Network Uganda
Country Uganda 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution ECOTRUST has been working closely with the Lorna Young Foundation (LYF), and CAN-U has previously worked with the Walker Institute. Through the NIMFRU project both ECOTRUST and CAN-U have connected and been collaborating.
Collaborator Contribution ECOTRUST have supported the Listening Groups and through this, have directly engaged with CAN-U to identify local climate champions and then provided them with the opportunity to advocate for flood prevention, response and resource at central government level.
Impact Identification of local climate champions who have represented their communities at district level meetings.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with ECOTRUST and the Uganda Ministry of Health 
Organisation Ministry of Health, Uganda
Country Uganda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution ECOTRUST has been working closely with the Lorna Young Foundation (LYF) (project partners) with a specific focus on the Listening Groups. Through this mechanism ECOTRUST has been working closely with the Uganda Ministry of Health to add to the radio programmes.
Collaborator Contribution Through the engagement of the Uganda Ministry of Health, this national agency is now also aware of the NIMFRU projects and its information exchange platforms.
Impact The Uganda Ministry of Health have directly input into the content of the Listening Group Radio Programmes by providing locally relevant health advice to the radio programmes.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Etop Radio 
Organisation Vision Group
Department ETop Radio
Country Uganda 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Through the Listening Groups, the Lorna Young Foundation (LYF) have been working closely with the local Radio station ETop Radio.
Collaborator Contribution ETop Radio has been a key partner in providing the radio platform, interviewer and technical expertise to enable local weekly broadcasts based on the monthly Listening Groups.
Impact Radio presenters from ETop Radio have been at over 20 listener group meetings and produced over 20 radio local programmes resulting from these meetings.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Gulu University 
Organisation Gulu University
Country Uganda 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Through the collection of the Household Economy Analysis (HEA) data in the Katakwi district, individuals from Gulu University have been engaged with the NIMFRU project from the start, and have built skills in undertaking the HEA and IHM methodology. 2021 Update: This partnership has developed further opportunities to engage in further partnership as detailed in the 'Outcome' section of this item.
Collaborator Contribution Gulu university supported the successful baseline data collection of HEA data by working with team members from The Walker Institute and Evidence for Development.
Impact HEA data which will feed into the LIMB/IDAPs platform to support more effective disaster response. 2021 Update: 2021 Update: Gulu university have 9 of their students participating the ALiVE training course (the foundational training course of HEA/IHM methodology). Out main contact, Duncan Ongeng has also been written into a bid for the IMANNA fellowship as a Host mentor to Luisa Ciampi (research fellow of the Walker Institute). Should this bid be successful it will lead to a continued partnership with Gulu University as Duncan would hold the position of Host Mentor, and there will be the opportunity for 2 Gulu students to undertake the ALiVE foundational course and collect additional data building on the NIMFRU data collection.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration with the Lorna Young Foundation and The Walker Institute 
Organisation Lorna Young Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The Walker Institute has built and long lasting working relationship with the Lorna Young Foundation (LYF) and has partnered with the, on other projects such as BRAVE.
Collaborator Contribution The Lorna Young Foundation (LYF) has partnered with The Walker Institute to support the engagement and research activities in Uganda by supporting the logistics and running the Listening Group's and the radio programme outputs from these Listening Groups.
Impact Listening Groups FAMVACs Radio Programmes LG and FMAVAC training sessions
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with the Uganda National Meteorological Agency (UNMA) and The Walker Institute 
Organisation Uganda National Meteorological Authority
Country Uganda 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Through the well established Rainwatch Alliance, The Walker Institute has built on its relationship with UNMA by working with them to build on the UNMA concept of FAMVACs. Through the NIMFRU project The Walker Institute supported the development of the FAMVAC mechanisms, and created fieldwork guidelines and ran up-skilling training sessions with the relevant agency members to build the capacity and sustainability of the FAMVACs once the project has ended.
Collaborator Contribution UNMA have led the logistics of the FAMVACs, and have led their successful implementation in the Katakwi district. They have also been working closely with the Principal Rainwatch Coordinator to integrate the Rainwatch tool into the National Met Agency and into the FAMVACS.
Impact This ongoing collaboration has resulted in meetings with the CEO of UNMA which have lead to the agreement that RAINWATCH and the FAMVACs are primary platforms for climate information dissemination in Uganda and should be led by UNMA, a request for additional Rainwatch training of the Uganda Met employees(scheduled for April 2020), a Rainwatch training session for 15 of the UNMA employees and two new stations (Guru and Aruwa) have been added to the Rainwatch platform.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration with the the Uganda National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre (NECOC) and The Walker Institute 
Organisation Government of Uganda
Department National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre
Country Uganda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Walker Institute established this collaboration at the start of the project, and have kept NECOC engaged and actively involved in all areas of the NIMFRU project. 2021 Update: We have been collaborating with Uganda National Emergency Coordination and Operating Centre (NECOC), which sits within the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), throughout the project. The project was designed in response to a need articulated by NECOC for impact-based flood forecasting in Uganda. Recently (January and February 2012) we have has several critical meetings with NECOC staff, to discuss technical options for flood forecasting that work with their existing systems. For example, what lead times are appropriate for disaster risk management actions at national and local levels, and what level of flood probability should trigger an alert.
Collaborator Contribution NECOC has been collaborating with the NIMFRU stakeholders by supporting relevant data mining and developing the IDAPs platform to improve emergency response to flooding. They have been present at all major stakeholder meetings, and have provided a key communication pathway into central national governmental agencies. 2021 Update: These discussions informing the development of the LIMB system. We have presenting our progress on development of the LIMB system to NECOC on 25th Feb 2021. Based on this presentation they have asked us to present our work to a wider group of colleagues within NECOC, to discuss integrating the LIMB into their systems, and building capacity for the HEA livelihoods data collection needed at the national scale to support national roll out of the LIMB approach.
Impact This collaboration has enabled a direct platform to engage with national disaster risk reduction platforms such as the National Disaster Risk Reduction Platform.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Partnership with the Uganda Red Cross Climate Centre 
Organisation Uganda Red Cross Society
Country Uganda 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have been collaborating with the Uganda Red Cross Climate Centre throughout the project. They have been developing an Early Action Protocol (EAP) for flood forecasting, which will guide Red Cross disaster risk responses in Uganda, and have made it clear they would like to collaborate with the NIMFRU project to deliver a joined up approach to NEOCC on flood forecasting. We have been inviting a key staff member from the Climate Centre to project meetings since the project started, but recently they have finalised and published their EAP, so we have a more concrete foundation for collaboration on this basis going forwards.
Collaborator Contribution We have organised joint meetings with the National Emergency Coordination and Operating Centre (NECOC) of the Ugandan government through January and February 2021 and ongoing into March. At these meetings the Climate Centre present their EAP and we present the LIMB system, and build a common approach for collaboration, to deliver a flood forecasting system which can be embedded into NECOC frameworks.
Impact No outputs as of yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description 9 Gulu students attend ALiVE training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 9 students from Gulu university participated in the three-day online course 'ALiVE: Assessing Livelihood Vulnerability to Extreme Shocks' designed and run by The Walker Academy. This course provided students with the foundational training needed to conduct the HEA/IHM methodology which was used in the initial data collection of the NIMFRU study. This course is also the first step towards becoming an accredited IHM/HEA practitioner, and so will benefit students with their own studies as well as professionally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description BRAVE Ghana Listening Groups and Radio Programmes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The BRAVE Listening Groups (a total of 24 community members) released monthly radio broadcasts which are reported to have reached 146,600 listeners with programmes chosen and crafted by the Listening Group members. A new addition to the radio programmes has been the addition of a function that enable the listeners to call in to ask further questions - the impact of this has not yet been evaluated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019,2020
 
Description FAMVACs, Listener Group meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 15 FAMVACs and 5 listener group meetings have been held in community settings involving between 50 and 100 community members each time (50% women), as well as extension officers, district officials, UNMA advisers and other technical experts on agro-forestry, health etc. Each FAMVAC had and average of 200 local community members attending, and each Listening Group comprised of 12 community members. These workshops and discussions fed directly into the creation of the Radio Programmes (detailed separately). The FAMVACs were established by working closely with UNMA to develop and adapt a methodology that originated from the UNMA department to make it sustainable and to interlink it with the LG methodology. The LG's were lead by the local NGO ECOTRUST and the Lorna Young Foundation. By running these methodologies parallel to one another, strong linkages between NGOs, district officers and the UNMA have been established.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://zenodo.org/record/3369280#.XllCzaj7TyQ
 
Description FVR and FAMVAC training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact LYF delivered a two-day training workshop on the Farmers' Voice Radio approach and methodology in Soroti. It was attended by ECOTRUST FVR facilitators, UNMA FAMVAC facilitators, the Principal Assistance Secretary and Agricultural Officer of Katakwi District (day 1 only), two ETOP Radio presenters, agricultural extension and veterinary officers from each of the three sub-counties and the listener group leader from each sub-county (total participants = 15 men, 4 women). The training then covered the following areas:
• Overview of FVR purpose and methodology
• Overview of FAMVAC methodology and UNMA forecasting systems and products
• Explanation of how the two forums fit together and role of the stakeholder platform
• Tips for creating effective farmer radio programmes
• Development of radio programme targets and sub-topics
• Review of other sources of information - in particular RAINWATCH, LIMB and NECOC's U-NIEWS circular
• Opportunity to practice creating radio content
• Overview of advocacy work package (in particular the role of Climate Champions)
• Feedback and monitoring systems
• Timeline for activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Finalisation of listener groups 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Selection of 4 listener group members from each target village ensuring a representative mix of age, gender and wealth categories based on the HEA baseline data. The group of 12 was then briefed on their role and given the opportunity to ask questions, and the ethical clearance was conducted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description HEA/IHM Scoping Visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact James Acidri (EfD/ lead livelihoods researcher)scoping visit with Dr Duncan Ongeng (Gulu University) and Amos Asalu (UNMA) , identifying sites for HEA and IHM activities in Katakwi district. Meetings with district authorities, farmers and other local stakeholders to introduce project, collect preliminary information on flood impact and coping strategies, and gain necessary permissions. (23 names listed)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description IDAPS Third Technical Consultation Workshop, Kampala, Uganda 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As a side event to the HyCRISTAL AGM, the third stakeholder consultation for IDAPS was held in Kampala, Uganda. Working with representatives from multiple levels of governmental bodies from farmers to district extension officers, this workshop developed new use cases to enrich the IDAPS platform and provide further exemplary scenarios for which IDAPS can be used. During this consultation, the recent updates on the platform were presented to participants for discussion and feedback, ensuring that as it is continuously developed it reamins fit for purpose.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description IDAPS Training Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A central component to the LIMB platform that NIMFRU is trying to build is the IDAPs (Integrated Database for African Policymakers) platform. Because of this, a internal webinar was held by Evidence for Development to introduce the NIMFRU project team to the platform, and explain its functionality. This meeting had national team project members from UNMA, NECOC and CAN-U. A youtube video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSbHG39FPhc&feature=youtu.be) was created from this webinar to enable open access to a wider audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSbHG39FPhc&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Initial sensitisation and formative research for Farmers' Voice Radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Between the 6th to the 10th May 2019, ECOTRUST met with District officials and community members in each of the three target villages (Anyanbella, Kaikamosing and Agule) to brief them on the Farmers' Voice Radio methodology and the role of the listener groups. They also conducted a baseline survey to gather information on current and preferred sources of weather and extension information and radio and SMS access and customs of the farmers in these communities. 74 community members were involved
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description LG and FAMVAC presentation at the UpGro Study Tour in Kampala 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Because of the string links between the BRAVE project Listening Groups and the NIMFRU Listening Groups and FAMVACs, Jonah Butsasta presented how the LG and FAMVAC methodology had built on learning from the BRAVE project and been implemented in Uganda to a wide ranging audience attending the UpGro Study Tour in Kampala. This sparked interest with fellow practitioners and researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting between the FVR and FAMVAC facilitation team and the 12 LG members in Agule village, Magoro sub-county 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The following activities were undertaken on the 23rd of August:
• Sharing of key points from the training workshop
• Review of FAMVAC and FVR methodologies and proposed schedule
• Review of LG members roles and responsibilities
• Consultation on radio programme broadcast times - finally agreed to be Mondays at 10.40am (during a regular farming programme called 'Our Community') and the repeat on Sundays at 2pm
• Development of a seasonal calendar by each community group to provide a reference point for future discussions around how weather and climate affect livelihood activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meetings with the CEO of Uganda National Meteorological Agency (UNMA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Two meetings were held with the CEO of Uganda National Hydrological and Meteorological Authority. The two Rainwatch coordinators were in attendance. This discussions focused on making Rainwatch a critical component of FAMVAC and the main platform for climate information dissemination in Uganda through Uganda met. The CEO agreed to the need for regular update of the Rainwatch platform and the addition of new stations. The CEO requested for a training for the management team of Uganda Met. Because of time constraints, it was agreed that the training should be offered during the African climate week which was previously scheduled for March 2020 but has been rescheduled to April 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Monitoring visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact James Acidri conducted a Multi hazard (delayed rainfall-dry spells and water logging) impact monitoring at household and village levels. Primary data was collected through Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) of approximately 8 people per focus group in Sept 2019. A total of 6 FGDs were carried out with approximately 48 people in total.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Monthly stakeholder meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Every month a NIMFRU multi-stakeholder meeting took place via Zoom to track the progress of the project, allow time for feedback on the ongoing activities, and to plan future work. There were also additional meetings held to allow detailed debriefings of the monthly FAMVAC and LG weeks. In 2021 the focus of these monthly stakeholder meetings shifted towards moving the partnership forwards which aligned with the modelling and forecasting work package.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020,2021
 
Description NIMFRU Kick Off Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 20 NIMFRU stakeholders from 14 different institutions met for 2 days of project planning meetings in Kampala which were hosted by Uganda's National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre (NECOC). The aim of these stakeholder meetings was to allow the team to meet one another in person and stimulate mutual learning through sharing institutional practice with one another, allowing a cohesive and productive project planning process which ensured that all stakeholders were actively involved in the decision-making processes which needed to take place.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.lyf.org.uk/2018/11/floods-uganda-and-radio/
 
Description Presentation to the UpGro group during the end of project Study Tour in Uganda 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hosted by the Ministry of Water and Environment in Uganda, the UpGro Study Tour took place on the 20th and 21st of February 2020 with the aim of promoting dialogue and connection between the multiple and varying partners who have been engaged in the UpGro research. The final study tour event took place at the Ministry of Water and Environment Headquarters in Luzira which provided a platform for further knowledge sharing from all aspects of the multiple UpGro projects. The Walker Institute was represented at this meeting by Jonah Butsatsa who presented on how the BRAVE project has improved up-scaled vital dialogue platforms through the Listening Group and Rainwatch mechanisms, and by William Agekum who presented the main physical science findings from the BRAVE project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Radio Programmes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 20 individual episodes (at 12th Feb 2020) of the Akautu Akoriok ('Farmers See Light') radio programme have been broadcast weekly on Monday mornings (repeated on Sunday afternoons) by Etop Radio - the no. 1 Ateso language radio station in the region with an estimated 42% share of radio listeners. This is approximately 67,000 people across the rural areas of Katakwi District (based on rural population of 158,606 according to the 2014 census.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Rainwatch Training with Uganda National Meteorological Agency 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A training session on Rainwatch was organised for 15 staff members of the Uganda Met and took place on January 16, 2020. This training was a result of meetings with the CEO of UNMA who wanted to prioritise the Rainwatch and FAMVAC platforms as part of the national climate services.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Rainwatch training for district officers in Uganda 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A brief training was organised for high level staff (Agricultural extension agents (AEA's), Planning officers, Disaster, veterinary officers, District Director for Agric etc)) of the Katakwi district. The staff shown keen interest and requested for further training.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Stakeholder feedback meeting, Katakwi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of key findings of livelihood baseline assessment were delivered to the district level in Katakwi district (Approximately 45 stakeholders attended). James Acidri (EfD/ lead livelihoods researcher), Juliet Nassozi and Jonah Butsatsa (ECOTRUST) presented the recommendations presented to district authorities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Training of Uganda Rainwatch coordinators 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A special training was organised for the Rainwatch coordinators at Uganda Met to build their capacity and further equip them to add new stations and offer regular updates to support the long term sustainability of the Rainwatch platform use in Uganda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020