GCRF One Ocean Hub

Lead Research Organisation: University of Strathclyde
Department Name: Law

Abstract

Over 70% of the earth's surface is ocean. As a global population, we are entirely reliant upon a healthy ocean: it contributes to the renewal of freshwater; it absorbs over a quarter of global carbon dioxide, and it produces half the oxygen we breathe. The ocean has the potential to make significant contributions to sustainable development. Many developing countries already depend on their ocean resources for food, work and livelihoods. Yet we are reaching an ocean health crisis: cumulative pressures such as over-exploitation of its resources, ocean plastics and pollution and climate change, all compounded by multiple competing uses, are pushing the ocean ecosystem to a tipping point.
There is an urgent need for more integrated ocean governance, to ensure greater balance between ocean conservation and sustainable use (Sustainable Development Goal 14) and realise the ocean's potential to contribute to poverty reduction, human health, healthy ecosystems on land, climate change mitigation and adaptation, equitable economic growth and decent employment.
"We are the sea...we must wake up to this ancient truth...It is time to create things for ourselves, to create established standards of excellence that match those of our ancestors."
It is with this spirit that the ONE OCEAN Hub will transform our response to the urgent challenges facing our ocean. The Hub will weave learning from the ocean, and traditional knowledge of the peoples who rely upon it, with scientific excellence, innovative legal approaches and artistic methods. Our aim is to bridge the disconnections in law, science and policy across all levels from the local to the international. We aim to empower vulnerable communities, woman and youth in the blue economy and catalyse the inclusive and integrated governance approaches required to ensure a healthy ocean and flourishing communities and economies.
The Hub will specifically address the challenges of South Africa, Namibia, Ghana, Fiji and Solomon Islands in realising the economic, socio-cultural and environmental benefits from the ocean. It aims to support these countries' efforts towards developing a sustainable and fair blue economy by providing new scientific data and tools to engage different sectors and groups within society, particularly vulnerable communities, woman and youth, in identifying opportunities, risks and trade-offs to: i) prevent and mitigate negative development impacts connected to the ocean, ii) participate in traditional and emerging ocean activities, and iii) predict the socioeconomic benefits of ocean conservation.
The Hub pioneers integrating law and arts, policy, informatics, education, history, anthropology, and philosophy to provide targeted advice on coherent and flexible, pro-poor and gender- sensitive, climate-proofed and transparent laws and policies across the areas of environmental, human rights, science and technology, trade and investment. The Hub will further integrate biology, physics, chemistry, oceanography, ecology, mathematics, socio-environmental sciences and law to advance understanding of sustainable fisheries in the face of climate change impacts, as well as socio-economic and cultural considerations. The Hub will also increase understanding of conservation and extraction options for deep-sea mineral, biological and freshwater resources, integrating biology, ecology, geology, socio-environmental sciences and law. Through innovative use of arts the hub will transcend traditional boundaries in policy, law, and between ocean stakeholders from local communties to international organisatons, to respectfully and effectively include local communities' traditional knowledge in decision-making at the national and local level on the blue economy. The Hub will develop the integrated governance frameworks and strengthen the capacity within commnities to drive innovative approaches to a fair and sustainable blue economy for South Africa, Namibia, Ghana, Fiji and Solomon Islands

Planned Impact

In coastal and island communities healthy oceans are fundamental to healthy economies and livelihoods. The One Ocean Hub aims to improve the livelihoods of small-scale fishing and indigenous communities that are dependent on the ocean, with particular attention to women and youth in South Africa, Namibia, Ghana, Fiji and the Solomon Islands. The Hub will empower, build capacity within, and learn from, the people who rely on the oceans, and whom are disproportionally impacted by the failure to protect it. It is on this local level that the Hub will have the greatest impact. Community leadership in research and arts-based approaches will enable better understanding of traditional practices. It will build capacity and co-develop new resources for communities, and, in so doing, will support the integration of community views, values and knowledge in scientific assessments, management and decision-making on ocean conservation and the blue economy. Legal empowerment will enhance the capacity of communities, women and youth to fight for their rights and improve, through legal literacy, their livelihoods. Youths will directly benefit from a One Ocean education programme designed to inform, inspire and empower 'Generation 2030' on ocean matters and through the development of legal mechanisms (Youth Ocean Charter) to amplify youth voices at international level.
At national-regional level, governments and inter-governmental organisations will benefit from access to a new scientific evidence base, methods and technologies to underpin integrated ocean assessment and management. Specifically, government entities (eg Namibian Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources, will benefit from region-specific integrated assessments of cumulative pressures on ocean ecosystems. Through targeted capacity strengthening, governments and national research institutes will be empowered to undertake integrated marine research and monitoring programmes, and through co-developed decision-making frameworks will be able to implement ocean resource management which balances ocean conservation and sustainable use for fair and equitable benefit sharing. We will work with regional and national governments to implement sustainable, inclusive and collaborative ocean management strategies, such as the ocean dimension of the African Union's Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa and the Pacific Community Centre for Ocean Science. The above, together with the development of guidance for the coherent implementation of international law at different levels and through a programme of legal capacity building, the negotiating capacity of developing countries will be strengthened within relevant international fora.
The One Ocean Hub is a direct and systematic response to the Call for Action agreed upon at the 2017 UN Ocean Conference on Sustainable Development Goal 14. The Hub's network of international project partners (eg UNEP, UNDP, UNOALOS, FAO) will support national process of implementation of international law on the ocean and sustainable development. These partners have already co-defined the Hub's research to ensure its aligned to key ongoing international processes. Specifically, the Hub will contribute to the preparations of the 2020 UN Ocean Follow-up Conference, an expected mandate in 2019 from the UN Environment Assembly to develop new instruments on ocean plastics, a post-2020 global biodiversity framework, and the 2020-2030 Programme for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law of UNEP. The involvement of the Hub in such processes will ensure that knowledge from across the Hub, from local to regional levels, will influence international process. The Hub network will benefit all partner organisations by bringing together organisations across sectors and scales to tackle institutional disconnects and promote sustainable partnerships from the local-international level.

Organisations

People

ORCID iD

Elisa Morgera (Principal Investigator)
Martin J. Attrill (Co-Investigator)
Warwick Sauer (Co-Investigator)
Emmanuel Acheampong (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6243-294X
Tobias Schonwetter (Co-Investigator)
Alison Cathcart (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1291-6561
BOLANLE ERINOSHO (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0734-2383
Hendrik Johannes Van As (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5288-5344
J Murray Roberts (Co-Investigator)
Andrew Kenny (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4944-1221
Pierre MAZZEGA (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2398-3954
Harrison Kwame Golo (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9805-5477
Philile Nonhlanhla Mbatha (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5705-0330
Tom Baum (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5918-847X
Elaine Webster (Co-Investigator)
Michael Heath (Co-Investigator)
Rosemary Ann Dorrington (Co-Investigator)
Joseph Aggrey-Fynn (Co-Investigator)
Marie Jennifer Boswell (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7099-7713
Kerry Edward Howell (Co-Investigator)
Amanda Lombard (Co-Investigator)
Ann Cheryl Armstrong (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3282-8916
Matthew Harrison (Co-Investigator)
Benjamin Kofi Nyarko (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6560-9613
Daniela Diz Pereira Pinto (Co-Investigator)
Stephanie Switzer (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3928-988X
Maria Baker (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6977-8935
Kitche Magak (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8336-9932
Andrew Sweetman (Co-Investigator)
Catherine Muhoma (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0816-1661
Tracy Shimmield (Co-Investigator)
Stuart Jeffrey (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2084-4174
Sian Rees (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9606-783X
Lorenzo Cotula (Co-Investigator)
Matthew Grant Allen (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3490-9960
Claire Lajaunie (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8838-9062
Sylvie Da Lomba (Co-Investigator)
Dylan Kenneth McGarry (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5738-3813
Bernadette Snow (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1598-4511
Alexander Claus Winkler (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7864-8243
KERRY SINK (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5051-573X
John Windie Ansah (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7123-888X
Clive Fox (Co-Investigator)
Paul Lusty (Co-Investigator)
Mathew Upton (Co-Investigator)
Alana Malinde Soma Nkese Lancaster (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8956-7297
José Adolfo De Oliveira (Co-Investigator)
Merle Sowman (Co-Investigator)
Suzanne Jane Painting (Co-Investigator)
Warren Potts (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6707-0383
Carol Jacqueline Cotterill (Co-Investigator)
Bryan John Clark (Co-Investigator)
Daniel Oliver Jones (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5218-1649
Georgina Yaa Oduro (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3030-7196
Morgan Wairiu (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8245-5778
Matthew Revie (Co-Investigator)
Patrick Vrancken (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9941-4718
Stephen Robin Dye (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4182-8475
Rachel Paula Wynberg (Co-Investigator)
Sebastian Hennige (Co-Investigator)
Gilianne Brodie (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-4696
Bhavani Narayanaswamy (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5810-9127
Derrick Armstrong (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1671-9290
Saskia Anna Filip Vermeylen (Co-Investigator)
Francesco Sindico (Co-Investigator)
Katherine Rebbecca Royse (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5660-2615
Margit R Wilhelm (Co-Investigator)
Lynne Shannon (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7842-0636
Jeremy Maxwell Hills (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9204-2536
Natalia Serpetti (Researcher Co-Investigator)
Robin Cook (Researcher Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9604-0204
 
Title A Brother's Bond 
Description Oral history produced by Riaz for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthed partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Noteable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-brothers-bond-riazs-story/
 
Title A Dwindling Species 
Description Oral history produced by Tamlynn for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-dwindling-species/
 
Title A Family that Fishes Together Stays Together 
Description Edited story produced by Thabisile Gumede for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for author Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-family-that-fishes-together-stays-together/
 
Title A Fishers Tale 
Description Digital illustration produced by Kevin Ngwenya to accompany the oral history Hook, Line and Sinker for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthed partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/hook-line-and-sinker-snowys-story/
 
Title A Fishing Heritage in Peril 
Description Edited story produced by Thabisile Gumede for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for author Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-fishing-heritage-in-peril/
 
Title A Violation of the Sea 
Description Oral history produced by Riaz for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-violation-of-the-sea-riazs-story/
 
Title An Unusual Catch 
Description Oral history produced by Tamlynn for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/an-unusual-catch-tamlynns-story/
 
Title Being Outdoors 
Description Oral history produced by Monty for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/being-outdoors-montys-story/
 
Title Between Worlds (A Poetry Book) 
Description The poetry book is written by Hub researcher Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University). Because of the climate crisis and declining ocean health, humans are increasingly in a liminal space between this world and imaginary, alien worlds to come. The poems raise the issue of climate change by foregrounding the centrality, beauty, and significance of the ocean, and of marine life to humanity. They suggest that all species live 'between worlds': between fantasy and reality, dreaming and wakefulness, intuition and consciousness, water and air. We need all worlds to survive. Serendipitously, the poems were composed between dusk and dawn. They are both part-thoughts and whole thoughts that come to inspire my ethnographic writing. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2022 
Impact The poetry book has only been published in February 2022. There is no notable impacts yet. 
URL https://www.africanbookscollective.com/books/between-worlds
 
Title Brotherhood 
Description Oil on canvas produced by Kenneth Shandu to accompany the oral history You Live by the Sea; You Die by the Sea for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/andre-and-williams-story-you-live-by-the-sea-you-die-by-the-sea/
 
Title Close Encounter 
Description Oral history produced by Riaz for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/riazs-close-encounter/
 
Title Cold water corals in a changing ocean: Short Film 
Description As a contribution to the Climate Conference, scientists at University of Edinburgh have produced a short film explaining how cold-water corals are particularly vulnerable to the rapid acidification of the oceans caused by carbon dioxide emissions - a largely hidden impact of fossil fuel use. Narrated by the COP26 People's Advocate Sir David Attenborough, this video features research from the H2020 iAtlantic (Grant Agreement No 818123) and One Ocean Hub projects. The film highlights the central role of the ocean when considering climate change impacts and mitigation. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact The new film premiered at a special evening event hosted by iAtlantic at Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh on Saturday 6 November 2021, which highlighted the crucial role that the ocean plays in the climate crisis. It was also shown during a Poster Exhibitition hosted by the One Ocean Hub at COP26 Green Zone, Glasgow Science Centre on 12th November 2021. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s4iPY-9mGVg
 
Title DiepRespek: Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems 
Description Diep Respek is music video which aims to promote empathy for vulnerable marine ecosystems (VME) within South Africa's trawling community, and to provide a resource for deckhands and skippers to better identify the VME indicator taxa so that move-on fishing practices can operate more smoothly and with motivation from within the community whose livelihoods directly depend on healthy oceans. The video included spoken word in a combination of English and Afrikaans as the main audience is majority Afrikaans. It also includes subtitles. The film is available for download, so fishermen will be able to circulate it on Whatsapp and have it as a resource on their phones. Diep Respek is an ode to the deep sea and hopes to more deeply connect fishermen with the mysterious worlds below, notably the Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems - or VMEs. These are parts of the ocean floor that are fundamental to the sustainability of our fisheries. They constitute a wide diversity of organisms that provide habitats for young fish and eggs, and other creatures. These ecosystems are highly sensitive to disturbance from trawling operations as the organisms are slow-growing and long-lived, and once trawled, may take two to three generations to recover, at least. To limit disturbance, trawlers off the coast of South Africa are adopting a system where they stop fishing and move to another area if they catch too many VME indicator taxa. For this system to work efficiently, crew members must have a good understanding of the indicator taxa and ultimately a personal desire to preserve these ecosystems. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Video was featured in a blog of the South Africa Deep-Sea Trawling Industry Association, which noted that the video was "spreading quickly among fishing crews working in South Africa's trawl fishery for hake." Link to blog: https://www.sadstia.co.za/news/dieprespek-shines-a-fresh-light-on-vulnerable-marine-ecosystems/ 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n6kdnR2eXmg
 
Title Durban Harbour 
Description Oil on canvas produced by Kenneth Shandu to accompany the oral history A Brother's Bond for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthed partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-brothers-bond-riazs-story/
 
Title Erhardt 
Description Oral history produced by Tamlynn for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/erhardt-tamlyns-story/
 
Title Fisher voices must be heard. Pamphlet by Coastal Justice Network 
Description This pamphlet is designed by Hub researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network including Anna James, Taryn Pereira, Dr Jackie Sunde and Dr Kira Erwin. It is produced in response to the South Africa Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries approach to reverse and review the process of allocating Small Scale Fisher (SSF) rights in the Western Cape following multiple complaints about the fairness and accuracy of the process in 2021. The pamphlet highlighted the need for the South Africa Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries to consult with small-scale fishers themselves about how they have been excluded from the past and present policy regimes, and ensure that any policy interventions that take place treats fishers fairly. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact The pamphlet has served as a useful piece of reading for fishers or someone interested in the policy, research and regulations that apply to small-scale fishers (including subsistence fishers) in South Africa. See here: https://fisherstales.org/useful-tackle/ 
URL https://fisherstales.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/SSF-pamphlet-_-2-page-printable-version-_-Englis...
 
Title Fishers Unite 
Description Oral history produced by Tozi Mthiyane for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/fishers-unite/
 
Title Fishertales website 
Description Subsistence and small-scale fishers in KwaZulu-Natal practice a livelihood that holds deep spiritual and cultural meaning. In this coastal province of South Africa fishers make up a dynamic and diverse group that has vast intergenerational knowledge of the ocean, yet their voices are seldom heard in the rush for the Blue Economy. Hub researchers in South Africa, in partnership with the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance have developed a website titled The Fishers Tales which showcases some of the everyday and extraordinary stories of these fisher men and women; from their earliest memories of learning to fish, how this gives their life meaning, enables them to put their children through school, and the political struggles they face. Each story on the website is paired with a unique artwork inspired by these tales with the sea. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact The Fishertales website is co-developed by One Ocean Hub researchers and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance (SDCEA). The SDCEA is an environmental justice organisation based in South Durban, South Africa that made up of 19 affiliate organisations and has been active since its formation in 1995. This partnership ensure that creative writing and art products published in the website to be widely shared among SDCEA networks. Links, pamphlets, and stories shared in Fishertales website also serve as useful resources for fishers and others who are interested on small-scale fisheries in South Africa. 
URL https://fisherstales.org/
 
Title Fishing Dreams 
Description Watercolour and ink produced by Elisa Morgera to accompany the oral history Erhardt for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/erhardt-tamlyns-story/
 
Title Fishing Like a Girl 
Description Ink on paper produced by Kira Erwin to accompany the oral history Fishing Like a Girl for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/fishing-as-a-girl/
 
Title Fishing Like a Girl 
Description Oral history produced by Tamlynn for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/fishing-as-a-girl/
 
Title Following Eddie: Short film exploring the challenges of small-scale fishers accessing the ocean 
Description One Ocean Hub researchers in South Africa have been working on a film exploring the challenges of small-scale fishers accessing the ocean and coasts in Tsitsikamma, South Africa after the area was established as a Marine Protected Area (MPA). The film, entitled Following Freddie, documents the complexities of sustainable ocean and coastal management in an area that forms a part of national conservation efforts in South Africa. In this case, the aim is to sustainably manage marine fauna and flora. The film was made together with filmmakers Senzo Xulu and Francois du Plessis, who are funded by the South Africa National Research Foundation (NRF) Community of Practice: Oceans Account Framework Project, researching the complexities of cultural heritage management at the coast of South Africa. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2022 
Impact The film has only been released in January 2022. There is no notable impacts yet. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_r_swTOhlA
 
Title Hook, Line and Sinker 
Description Oral history produced by Snowy for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthed partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/hook-line-and-sinker-snowys-story/
 
Title I Got Hooked 
Description Oral history produced by PJ for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/i-got-hooked-jps-story/
 
Title In a Perfect World, Fishing Has No Gender 
Description Edited story produced by Thabisile Gumede for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for author Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/in-a-perfect-world-fishing-has-no-gender/
 
Title Indigenous Fishing 
Description Edited story produced by Thomas for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/indigenous-fishing/
 
Title Lalela Ulwandle - Empatheatre - SOUTH AFRICA 
Description Empatheatre is a research-based, theatre-making methodology. A script is developed and performed, emerging from a social science research process consisting of interviews and ethnogrpahy. Post-analysis the team sets out to shape the data into an engrossing and relevant true-to-life theatrical experience. Such experiences are intended to offer theatrical epiphanies that speak emotively to the realities of the situation, and above all to honour the informants' narratives, narratives which are carefully woven into the messaging fabric of the play. Performances are then played to strategic audiences, often made up of people with diverse, even conflicting, views on the central concern represented in the play. Post-play facilitated dialogues allow for another layer of reflexive data to emerge. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The play has been performed to audiences that consist of hundreds of people who have reported not only realising the depth of their feeling and connection to the ocean, but also of the imperative to protect it. In South Africa, formal nature conservation has a damaging legacy of exclusion to answer for, given that our conservation policies 'have, to date, almost exclusively reflected Western scientific values and beliefs, with an emphasis on protecting nature from human impacts' (Cocks et al., 2012). South Africa is not alone in grappling with this tension; in many countries, well-meaning biodiversity protection policies have resulted in additional formal exclusions for indigenous and economically marginalized groups (Crandall et al., 2018). Some of the social impacts of Marine Protected Areas in South Africa include weakening of local participatory governance, the loss of tenure rights, access to resources by already marginalised communities, leading to food insecurity and reduced household income, and negative impacts on culture and identity (Sowman and Sunde, 2018). Recognizing how different knowledge systems and programs underpinned by these can lead to disparities and exclusions, environmental researchers have argued for an understanding of the important relationship between biodiversity and cultural diversity in conservation management (Cocks et al., 2012). Representatives of the International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) South Africa came to see one of the Durban Shows, and went on to bring more representatives to shows after that. Since the performance they have invited Lalela to two different events, one locally and another abroad. Empatheatre researchers plan to continue to cultivate particular audiences to encourage conversation and strategising around the tradeoffs that lead to conservation wins awarded at the expense of marginal groups, or where marginal groups are awarded socio-economic resources at the expense of environmental conservation. 
URL https://sancor.nrf.ac.za/Documents/Oct%202019%20Emphatheatre.pdf
 
Title Lalela uLwandle (illustrated short film) 
Description Lalela uLwandle is a research-based theatre project that makes visible stories of living with the ocean that are seldom seen or heard in the public domain. Lalela uLwandle means "Listen to the Sea" in isiZulu. This short illustrated film, works with extracts from two characters from the radio play: Nowandle an isiZulu woman who comes from a long line of healers, and Niren and Indian eco-activist who comes from a long line of fishers. Their particular reflections speak to the history of forced removals and impact of extractive oil, gas and minerals along our coast line. Lalela weaves stories, histories and contemporary concerns of diverse South African coastal communities into an Empatheatre production, Lalela uLwandle explores themes of intergenerational environmental injustices, tangible and intangible ocean heritage, marine science and the myriad threats to ocean health. Lalela uLwandle is an invitation to a participatory public conversation on ocean governance in South Africa. This film is a key output of the One Ocean Hub research focussed on participatory and democratic methods of engagement in ocean governance. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact This short film was released on 21 September 2021 at a public tribunal led by a non-governmental organisation Green Connection as part of their "Who Stole Our Oceans?" environmental campaign in South Africa. The film and tribunal were also covered in online print media outlet The Daily Maverick (https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2021-09-29-the-true-custodians-of-our-seas-who-is-stealing-south-africas-ocean-heritage/). The short film was also shown during the One Ocean Hub exhibition at COP26 Green Zone on 12 November 2021. The short film was played throughout the exhibition to communicate the Hub's transdisciplinary research approach in uniting diverse stakeholders, including researchers, civil society, youth and Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPLCs) to promote an inclusive approach to climate change adaptation and mitigation. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_W3QBz9cPY
 
Title Net Fishers 
Description Oil on canvas produced by Kenneth Shandu to accompany the edited story The Opressed Fishermen for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-oppressed-fisherman/
 
Title Nibela River 
Description Oil on canvas produced by Kenneth Shandu to accompany the edited story Indigenous Fishing for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/indigenous-fishing/
 
Title Our Ocean Our Identity: Papua New Guinea 
Description Mural produced by Pax Jakupa for the DEEP Fund project Our Ocean Our Identity. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment and capacity development for lead artist Paid employment and training for two youth artists Further mural commission for artist (University of Goroka) Notable Engagements: Project Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/search/top?q=our%20ocean%20our%20identity One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ 
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/
 
Title Our Ocean Our Identity: Solomon Islands 
Description Mural produced by Lloyd Newton for the DEEP Fund project Our Ocean Our Identity. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment and capacity development for lead artist Paid employment and training for three youth artists Further mural commissions for artist (Coronation High School; National University of Solomon Islands) Notable Engagements: Project Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/search/top?q=our%20ocean%20our%20identity One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ Newspaper article 'Local Artist Wins Award', Solomon Star News, 13 March 2021, https://www.solomonstarnews.com/index.php/news/national/item/25266-local-artist-wins-award 
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/
 
Title Our Ocean Our Identity: Vanuatu 
Description Mural produced by Alvaro Sumaki Kuautonga for the DEEP Fund project Our Ocean Our Identity. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment and capacity development for lead artist Art training and capacity building for 40 women and youth Market of textiles produced by women and youth raised 66,000 vatu Further mural commissions for artist (private residence; Pikinini Play Time) Notable Engagments: Project Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/search/top?q=our%20ocean%20our%20identity One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ Newspaper article 'Local Artist Wins Award', Vanuatu Daily Post, 13 March 2021, https://dailypost.vu/news/local-artist-wins-award/article_15db1e24-8519-11eb-8138-1bad3ed14307.html Meeting with Mrs Karen Bell, UK High Commissioner to the Republic of Vanuatu, June 2021 
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/
 
Title Pele Moonsamy: A Fisher to Remember 
Description Edited story produced by Kira Erwin for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/pele-moonsamy-a-fisher-to-remember/
 
Title Pele and Bina 
Description Oil on canvas produced by Bandile Gumede to accompany the edited story Pele Moonsamy: A Fisher to Remember for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/pele-moonsamy-a-fisher-to-remember/
 
Title Privilege in the Distance 
Description Watercolour produced by Rohini Amratlal to accompany the oral history Segregated for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/segregated-jps-story/
 
Title Risks 
Description Photograph produced by Rohini Amratlal to accompany the oral history Fishers Unite for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/fishers-unite/
 
Title Sea Undertaker 
Description Acrylic on canvas produced by Derrick Lendu for the DEEP Fund project Our Ocean Our Identity. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment and training for artist Notable Engagements: Project Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/search/top?q=our%20ocean%20our%20identity One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ 
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/
 
Title Segregated 
Description Oral history produced by PJ for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/segregated-jps-story/
 
Title Stained Memories 
Description Watercolour and found object produced by Rohini Amratlal to accompany the oral history I Got Hooked for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/i-got-hooked-jps-story/
 
Title The Art of Fishing 
Description Oral history produced by Riaz for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-art-of-fishing/
 
Title The Battle for the Piers 
Description Edited story produced by Thabisile Gumede for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for author Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/battle-for-the-piers/
 
Title The Blue Blanket: An Illustrated Poem 
Description The Blue Blanket is an illustrated poem spoken from Ulwandle (Ocean) as a response to ongoing oil and gas prospecting and developments along the South Africa coast. The isiXhosa word for ocean, uLwandle, falls in the same noun class as 'ubuntu' - in Nguni languages, the ocean is not a thing, not an object, like ubuntu - we are, because the ocean is. Therefore a poem written from the oceans perspective would be a We, not and I. This poem challenges developers to feel from the perspective of the ocean. The film is directed, illustrated and edited by Hub researcher Dylan McGarry. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact The film was released on 25 of November 2021, few days before Shell's seismic survey on the Wild Coast in South Africa began. The film reached over 1868 viewers within the first 12 hours release. The film has been shared widely on social media and has reached nearly 10,000 views on YouTube. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4UBubIpCWuk
 
Title The Human Chain 
Description Oral history produced by Snowy for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-human-chain-snowys-story/
 
Title The Opressed Fishermen 
Description Edited story produced by Thabisile Gumede for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for author Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-oppressed-fisherman/
 
Title The Sea is My Farm: Roy's Story 
Description Edited story produced by Doung Jahangeer for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for author Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-sea-is-my-farm-roys-story-by-doung/
 
Title The Treacherous South Pier 
Description Oral history produced by Snowy for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-treacherous-south-pier-snowys-story/
 
Title The nexus between tangible and intangible cultural heritage and ocean governance in Ghana: The Case of Canoe Inscriptions, Festivals and Asafo Companies 
Description The One Ocean Hub's research in Ghana contributes to bridging the disconnection between legal, scientific and socio-cultural dimensions of ocean governance and cultural heritage drawing on the voices and perspectives of local people. In this short documentary we take a look at the symbolism of canoes among coastal people in Ghana and its relationship with Asafo* groups and local festivals. Through local knowledge systems, the researchers demonstrated how canoe inscriptions and the political economy of Asafo companies draws attention to the nexus between the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of coastal people and communities and its implications for fisheries management and ocean governance. *Asafo companies were the traditional warriors in local communities in Ghana involved in both defence and rescue missions until the evolution of the modern military. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact This documentary was first shown during the 'Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana' webinar by Dr. Georgina Yaa Oduro and Dr. John Windie Ansah of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of the University of Cape Coast. The webinar was part of the Hub's programme of events during the United Nations World Oceans Week in June 2021. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0
 
Title Untitled1 
Description Photograph produced by Casey Pratt to accompany the oral history An Unusual Catch for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/an-unusual-catch-tamlynns-story/
 
Title Untitled10 
Description Photograph produced by Nompilo Mthethwa to accompany the edited story A Family that Fishes Together Stays Together for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-family-that-fishes-together-stays-together/
 
Title Untitled11 
Description Photograph produced by Nompilo Mthethwa to accompany the edited story The Battle for the Piers for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/battle-for-the-piers/
 
Title Untitled12 
Description Photograph produced by Zimvo Nonjola to accompany the oral history A Dwindling Species for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-dwindling-species/
 
Title Untitled13 
Description Photograph produced by Kira Erwin to accompany the oral history Being Outdoors for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/being-outdoors-montys-story/
 
Title Untitled14 
Description Acrylic on canvas produced by Georgina Woti for the DEEP Fund project Our Ocean Our Identity. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment and training for artist Notable Engagements: Project Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/search/top?q=our%20ocean%20our%20identity One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ 
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/
 
Title Untitled2 
Description Photograph produced by Casey Pratt to accompany the oral history Where Have All the Fish Gone for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/where-have-all-the-bait-fish-gone/
 
Title Untitled3 
Description Photograph produced by Doung Jahangeer to accompany the edited story The Sea is My Farm: Roy's Story for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-sea-is-my-farm-roys-story-by-doung/
 
Title Untitled4 
Description Photograph produced by Ezami Molefe to accompany the edited story A Fishing Heritage in Peril for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-fishing-heritage-in-peril/
 
Title Untitled5 
Description Photograph produced by Ezami Molefe to accompany the oral history A Violation of the Sea for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/a-violation-of-the-sea-riazs-story/
 
Title Untitled6 
Description Photograph produced by Ezami Molefe to accompany the oral history The Human Chain for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-human-chain-snowys-story/
 
Title Untitled7 
Description Photograph produced by Lina Macanhe to accompany the oral history Close Encounters for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/riazs-close-encounter/
 
Title Untitled8 
Description Photograph produced by Lina Macanhe to accompany the edited story In a Perfect World, Fishing Has No Gender for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/in-a-perfect-world-fishing-has-no-gender/
 
Title Untitled9 
Description Photograph produced by Nompilo Mthethwa to accompany the oral history The Art of Fishing for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for artist Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-art-of-fishing/
 
Title View from the South Pier 
Description Photograph produced by Kira Erwin to accompany the oral history A Treacherous South Pier for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/the-treacherous-south-pier-snowys-story/
 
Title What is Empatheatre: Short Documentary Film 
Description This short documentary film introduces Empatheatre as a methodology in sculpting new social spaces that act as amphitheaters for empathy. A space for reflexive deep listening in society over a public concern, that contributes to participatory justice in decision making, meaning making and solidarity building across societal spheres. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact The documentary as published in December 2020 with the aim to engage a range of stakeholders, in particular researchers, policy makers, and practitioners responsible for undertaking public dialogues and consultation in policy and planning processes. The documentary seeks to introduce new approaches to participation in decision making. 
URL https://www.empatheatre.com/
 
Title Where Have All the Bait Fish Gone 
Description Oral history produced by Grant for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/where-have-all-the-bait-fish-gone/
 
Title You Live by the Sea; You Die by the Sea 
Description Oral history produced by Andre and William for the DEEP Fund project Fishers Tales. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Paid employment for project manager Training and capacity building of fieldworks Strengthened partnership between Durban University of Technology and South Durban Community Environmental Alliance Notable Engagements: Project website https://fisherstales.org/ Artwork shared via social media One Ocean Hub blog post Artfully Sustaining the Sea, 27 January 2021, https://oneoceanhub.org/artfully-sustaining-the-sea/ One Ocean Hub blog post Fishers Tales: Stories with the Sea, 31 January 2022, https://oneoceanhub.org/fishers-tales-stories-with-the-sea/ Exhibition and associated public programmes, KwaZulu-Natal Society of the Arts, March-April 2022 Art(iv)istic Storytelling for Social Change workshop, May 2021, 37 participants 
URL https://fisherstales.org/andre-and-williams-story-you-live-by-the-sea-you-die-by-the-sea/
 
Description Our findings indicate that current approaches to ocean governance are not sufficiently integrated, thereby undermining ocean health, and they are not inclusive of different needs in society, thereby undermining economic and socio-cultural wellbeing. We also continue to obtain confirmations, at different scales and from different stakeholders, that a human rights-based approach to ocean governance could support more integrated and inclusive decision making, to the benefit of the most marginalised. Our pioneering approach to rely on the human rights-based approach to integrating marine and social science findings, as well as to informing innovative, including arts-based, transdisciplinary research methods has received international recognition for its potential in enabling marginalized actors to voice their demands as legal entitlements. It has also the potential to support public authorities in recognising their responsibility to act upon our findings.
In Ghana, our gap analysis determined that highest social impact would emerge from evidence and interventions that positively impact artisanal fishing communities (60% of whom are women and youth). Our findings from stock assessments suggest that key fisheries are under high fishing pressure, including potential collapse of the seabream fishery. We have also found reduced production despite increased fisher effort, and potential differences in temperature responses affecting the vulnerability of species important to ecosystem functioning. We are thus providing evidence, and as well as new tools, such as a geodatabase to enhance data integration and accessibility for more holistic decisions on the marine environment. We are now advancing on the integration of these sets of data and the different tools we developed, to support different sectors of government towards balancing multiple and competing fisheries and other marine sectors (e.g. oil and gas) with a view to protecting the most vulnerable, notably small-scale fishers (SDG 14b). To support sustainable livelihoods and culture heritage of artisanal fisher communities as part of these efforts, our legal and social sciences findings serve to ensure that the human rights of small-scale fishers, as well as the distinctive human rights of women and children, are taken into account in the analysis of evidence and ensuing decisions. Equally, we are providing findings and developing new partnerships to legally empower small-scale fishing communities, notably women, and civil society to obtain protection of their human rights.
The preliminary findings from two rounds of fieldwork in Namibia, where the coastline is primed for economic uses, relate to how 14 different groups of actors, including indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast, view their relationship to ocean use and what benefits they derive from the hake fishery, and recreational fishing industry. These findings are informing our ongoing assessment of fisheries and of the value of other aspects of "blue" natural capital (notably blue carbon potential and coastal tourism). We are integrating marine science and socio-legal research, combining legal empowerment and research co-development, so that the integrated understanding of the needs and human rights of different actors (notably indigenous peoples) can feed into a constructive and integrated critique of proposed blue economy initiatives. Preliminary findings have already been fed into the development of Nambia's new policy on small-scale fisheries, through our cooperation with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.
In South Africa, we continue to document, and support multi-stakeholder responses, to human rights violations of small-scale fishers, in the application of policy and legislation on fisheries, blue economy developments and marine conservation. Researchers continue to document exclusion of SSF communities from relevant policy and decision-making processes and undue enforcement action, which were both exacerbated during COVID lockdown. We have also developed innovative approaches to support small-scale fisher communities to strategize nation-wide and across scales on multiple challenges through the Coastal Justice Network. This in turn has also deepened partnerships between South African Hub researchers from different disciplines and local legal-aid organizations. Furthermore, our arts-based methodologies have supported the integration of indigenous and local knowledge, and of environmental and socio-cultural injustices, in public debates so that authorities can recognize their responsibility and co-identify solutions at the national and provincial legal. Most recently, three judicial decisions have relied on Hub findings to support small-scale fishers' claims.
Internationally, our human rights-related outcomes are being taken forward by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization in its guidance on legislation on SSF and in a novel partnership with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), in capacity-building tools on SDG14 and ocean plastics. These partnerships add to the legitimacy of our research findings, contributing to their take-up in our focus countries.
Exploitation Route In coastal and island communities healthy oceans are fundamental to healthy economies and livelihoods. The One Ocean Hub aims to improve the livelihoods of small-scale fishing and indigenous communities that are dependent on the ocean, with particular attention to women and youth in South Africa, Namibia, and Ghana, and to share learning and methods in the South Pacific and the Caribbean. The Hub is empowering, building capacity within, and learning from, the people who rely on the oceans, and whom are disproportionally impacted by the failure to protect it. It is at this local level that the Hub will have the greatest impact. Community leadership in research and arts-based approaches is enabling better understanding of traditional practices. It is building capacity and co-developing new resources for communities, thereby supporting the integration of community views, values and knowledge in scientific assessments, management and decision-making on ocean conservation and the blue economy. Legal empowerment will enhance the capacity of communities, women and youth to fight for their rights and improve, through legal literacy, their livelihoods at different levels. At national level, governments and inter-governmental organisations will benefit from access to a new scientific evidence base, methods and technologies to underpin integrated ocean assessment and management. Specifically, government entities will benefit from region-specific integrated assessments of cumulative pressures on ocean ecosystems. Through targeted capacity strengthening, governments and national research institutes will be empowered to undertake integrated marine research and monitoring programmes, and through co-developed decision-making frameworks will be able to implement ocean resource management that balances ocean conservation and sustainable use for fair and equitable benefit sharing. We will work with regional and national governments to implement sustainable, inclusive and collaborative ocean management strategies. Together with the co-development of international guidance for the coherent implementation of international law with our UN partners, and through an innovative programme of legal capacity building at the country and local levels, we will support national process of implementation of international law on the ocean and sustainable development, as well as influence international process to be more attended to national needs in the Global South. In doing so, the Hub is also benefitting international partners to better connect their own initiatives across the UN System, as well as across scales, tackling institutional disconnects and relying on innovative ways to connect to local communities in promoting sustainable partnerships.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL https://oneoceanhub.org/
 
Description Ocean governance is a complex and contested multilevel arena: its impacts are felt by local communities as ocean resources are essential for human wellbeing (SDG14). To enhance the social and economic wellbeing of ocean-reliant communities for real, lasting change, we are creating the networks and enabling conditions to facilitate their equal participation in ocean decision-making arenas (SDG10&16). To this end, we connect research on human rights and the environment (including women's and children's rights), to the production of an integrated (social and natural) scientific evidence base to support socially and economically just, and ecologically sustainable, ocean management (SDG 1-3,5,8,10,13). We are also developing practical tools and arts-based methods, and supporting the capacity to implement them, for different actors to relate constructively and take action on this evidence. In Ghana, the fishery ecosystems that support the ways of life of artisanal fishing communities are under pressure. We collaborate with the Environment Protection Authority and the Fisheries Commission to provide the tools and capacity to implement area-based management to sustainably manage multiple competing fisheries and other ocean uses to avoid negative disruption to coastal livelihoods (SDG16&2). In addition, we collaborate with the coastal communities of Elmina and Winneba, the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection, and Judicial services, to explore how to support supplementary livelihoods to alleviate poverty, and implement fisheries laws to achieve ecological sustainability. We explore with them the need to acknowledge local communities' customary laws and respect their human rights, including rights of children and women that represent 60% of those working in the artisanal fishing sector. In South Africa using a case-study approach (Algoa Bay, Eastern Cape), we are developing, in partnership with Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality, national government (Departments of: Environment, Forestry and Fisheries; and Transport), maritime sector representatives, an integrated and inclusive approach to Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) for informing four larger marine area plans. We have piloted arts-based methodologies to integrate cultural knowledge held by indigenous and local holders, that also provides a platform for dialogue with decision makers (national and local) through an iterative process. We are integrating these findings and learnings into the ocean accounts framework, ecosystem services and tools for marine spatial planning. We have developed an interactive decision support tool to support spatial tools and expanded on an aspect, particularly for the tourism sector and how to mitigate COVID impacts through scenario planning. We have evidenced that small-scale fisher (SSF) communities are often excluded (directly or indirectly) in ocean management, with decisions often detrimental to their livelihoods. Hub researchers have established the Coastal Justice Network (CJN) to connect SSF leaders to information and resources offered by local civil society organisations and legal aid professionals, and have now supported three successful cases before South African courts to protect the rights of small-scale fishers to participate in decisions affecting their livelihoods and their culture, and to protect the marine environment. They have also supported community integration in the management of two marine protected areas and in accessing the squid market. Our partner SANBI, a government agency, has facilitated the inclusion of our researchers working with SSF communities in Kwa Zulu Natal (KZN), has co-developed the Mzansea project with the Marine Coastal Educators Network to provide a suite of ocean literacy resources for implementation by network members, which has also been included in a new international course for 13-15yo youth on children's rights to a healthy environment through our partnership with UNEP. In Namibia, we have contributed to the inclusion of the displaced indigenous group, the Topnaar, in the process for the development of a new national policy on small-scale fisheries, through pioneering researcher-community collaborations led by UNAM and our partnership with FAO. We have also co-identified the need for legal empowerment from different 14 stakeholders groups that depend on the ocean, and are developing new data to assess the value of fisheries, blue carbon potential and coastal tourism, including from a cultural perspective, to empower civil society to influence future decisions on the blue economy, and to support the Ministry of Fisheries in taking more integrated decisions. At the international level, Hub researchers have expanded collaborations with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and UN Environment Programme also to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Children's Environmental Rights Initiative and the Global Network for Human Rights and the Environment to direct international resources and support towards the needs we identified with SSF, indigenous communities, women and children in our focus countries.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Creative Economy,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description A Regional Marine Spatial Planning Strategy for the Western Indian Ocean
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/05_Lombard%20et%20al_WIO%20MSP%20Str...
 
Description Advising on global biodiversity framework
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The advice provided by Dr Lynne Shannon has been published by the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity Secretariat as an official information document to support inter-governmental negotiations at the UN Biodiversity Conference to be held in Kunming, China, later in 2022. The advice has been covered by international press, including Guardian, Le Monde, Macau Business, Globe and Mail, as well as on Nature. It focuses on transformative change through a variety of inter-linked goals, with action being coordinated at every scale. Dr Shannon was quoted explaining that "there is no one-to-one linkage from any action target to a specific milestone or goal; instead, 'many-to-many' relationships exist among them. We need to recognize, therefore, the complex relationships among targets, milestones and goals and undertake our planning and actions in an integrated manner." Dr Shannon is co-chair of Future Earth's bioDISCOVERY programme, one of the two renowned international science bodies leading the Expert group initiative. Her biodiversity work is conducted under the auspices of the One Ocean Hub, which provides the ideal framework for bridging the science-policy gap to realize uptake of scientific research by global (and national) policy/decision-makers.
URL https://www.cbd.int/doc/c/16b6/e126/9d46160048cfcf74cadcf46d/wg2020-03-inf-11-en.pdf
 
Description Assessing the feasibility and modalities of setting up a new EU-Africa Task Force for policy cooperation and dialogue on international ocean governance.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The European Commission published their final report 'Feasibility Study on establishing an EU-Africa Task Force for policy cooperation and dialogue on International Ocean Governance' in January 2022. The purpose of the study is to further the EU's cooperation with Africa in a joint ocean governance agenda. The One Ocean Hub Director, Professor Elisa Morgera, was interviewed as part of the development of this report by the European Commission, DG MARE (Maritime Affairs and Fisheries), in September 2020. The report published reflected Hub's contribution to the report on: - The need for the inclusion of marine and social scientists, together with lawyers and economists, in the proposed task force. The report explicitly noted the need for the Task Force to engage expertise in 'international law, including expertise on the UN Convention on the Law of the sea and other ocean-related international instruments, value chain expertise for maritime products and social sciences' as part of the partnership (European Commission, 2022: 44). -For the task force to focus on science that can strengthen the science-policy interface for international ocean governance. Science-policy interface had been named as key strength of the Task force (European Commission 2022: 43). Given the emphasis on the science-policy interface, the report also outlined that stakeholder balance will be taken into consideration in the development of Task Force. At a minimum, the Task Force would include policy experts (e.g. European Commission services, African Union Agencies), academic and technical experts and civil society (e.g. non-governmental organisations, representatives of local communities, and private sector) (European Commission, 2022: 57). -The connectivity across various ocean challenges and land-based activities. The report mentioned land-ocean linkages as a possible thematic theme for the proposed work streams for the Task Force (European Commission, 2022: 119-120). It also underscored the need for mutually supportive collaborative framework across policy, science and market, and utilising governance tools such as Marine Spatial Planning (European Commission, 2022: 101). -The inter-dependency of ocean health and human rights, with a view to integrating relevant considerations in joint initiatives or coordination in international negotiations on the ocean, human rights and the environment. The European Commission report acknowledges that 'promoting rules-based good governance at sea and tackling safety and security issues will also help to achieve other priorities of the EU, including enhance human rights, freedom and democracy, create a level playing field for business and improve working conditions worldwide' (European Commission, 2022: 21). -The need for the task force to be "inclusive" in terms of connecting directly with local-level stakeholders and rights-holders in a meaningful way. The report adopted 'inclusiveness' as one of the key principles for the Task Force to operate under. The term inclusiveness in the report is understood as 'the engagement of a broad variety of relevant stakeholders, and a partnership of equals between the EU and Africa' (European Commission, 2022: 88). -Ensuring complementarity and value added of any new proposed EU-Africa initiatives with ongoing and planned initiatives on ocean governance in Africa. The point about value added is incorporated in the report as key principle guiding the operation of the Task Force. To quote the report, 'Added value: The Task Force should add value to existing cooperation initiatives and mechanisms and be complementary to them rather than overlapping with them' (European Commission, 2022: 55). See the full report here: https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/13da3881-7cc6-11ec-8c40-01aa75ed71a1/language-en
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/contributing-to-the-eu-africa-joint-ocean-governance-agenda/
 
Description Biodiversity as a Human Right and its implications for the EU's External Action
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EXPO_STU(2020)603491
 
Description Blue Pacific Ocean Report' of the Office of the Pacific Ocean Commissioner
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://opocbluepacific.net/publications/#blue-pacific-ocean-report
 
Description Co-development of a programme of collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme on marine litter
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Professor Elisa Morgera involvement in the co-development of initiatives on marine plastics with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has led to the award of multiple consultancies by UNEP in 2021 to develop: 1) develop an e-learning course on Sustainable Development Goal 14 (life below water) and international law; 2) a legal toolkit and e-learning course on marine litter and ocean plastics; and 3) awareness-raising materials on environmental justice, human rights and ocean plastics (90.000 USD, March-November 2021). In 2022 as a result of this partnership UNEP has also 1) invited the One Ocean Hub to participate in Global Partnership on Marine Litter Action Track 5 and Digital Platform phase 3 release: Environmental Justice, Digital Transformation and Accessibility that will take place on 17 February 2022 and 2) further committed to provide 90,000 USD to the Hub to support the development of awareness raising materials on ocean plastics, including for production of a short video.
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-unep-on-sdg-14-marine-litter-and-environmental-justice/
 
Description Concept Note Submission to the United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi Convention Western Indian Ocean Regional Science to Policy Meeting
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/WIO%20MSP%20Policy%20Brief_6%20Oct20...
 
Description Convention on Biological Diversity Thematic Workshop on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact OOH Deputy Director, Dr Daniela Diz (Strathclyde), was invited to contribute to the Convention on Biological Diversity Thematic Workshop on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework in Montreal, Canada.
 
Description Course on Multilateral Environmental Agreements
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Including the ocean in international guidance on children's right to a healthy environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/including-the-ocean-in-international-guidance-on-childrens-right-to-a-health...
 
Description Lalela Ulwandle - Empatheatre- SOUTH AFRICA
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description National Ocean Policy of Fiji
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.economy.gov.fj/images/CCIC/uploads/Ocean/NOP_2020_Print01.pdf
 
Description On going engagement as part of the Children Environmental Rights Initiative (CERI)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact As part of CERI partnership, the One Ocean Hub has contributed on social media to a 'twitterstorm' calling for the right to a healthy environment to be recognised by the Human Rights Council. The governments of Costa Rica, Maldives, Morocco, Slovenia and Switzerland, or the "Core Group," formally introducef the resolution for the global recognition of the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment at the Human Rights Council session on 13 September - 8 October 2021. On 8 October 2021, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution recognising the human right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment as an important human right. Following of the signing of MOU with CERI in September 2021 the Hub is co-developing an e-learning course for 13-15 year-old on children's rights to a healthy environment including the ocean and providing contributions to a new process for the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child to develop a General Comment on child rights, environment and climate change, as well as the UN Joint Commitment to promote the right of children, youth and future generations to a healthy environment and their meaningful participation in decision-making at all levels.
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/hub-becomes-official-partner-of-the-childrens-environmental-rights-initiativ...
 
Description SEYCHELLES Ocean's Policy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Scientific Advisory Group (SAGE) Sub-committee on Marine Ecology and Risk Mitigation's Advisory on the Use of Deep-Sea Seismic Surveys to Explore for Oil and Gas Deposits in South African Waters
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://www.assaf.org.za/files/2022/SAGE/SAGE%20Advisory%20on%20Shell%20Seismic%20Survey.pdf
 
Description South Africa Government Marine Spatial Planning Working Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description South Africa Government Scientific Working Group and Task Team
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Submission to the United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi Convention: Sans frontières - Ocean and Coastal Sustainability of the Western Indian Ocean
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/Provisional%20Agenda_Science%20t...
 
Description Submissions on mining prospecting and exploration applications under the auspices of the Blue Economy highlighting the impacts on small-scale fishing communities
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description The Hub's direct contribution to the 2020-20221 Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative Report
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://rocainitiative.files.wordpress.com/2021/11/roca-progress-report-2020-2021.final_.pdf
 
Description UK Government Biodiversity and Ecosystems Enquiry
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/62/environmental-audit-committee/publications/oral-eviden...
 
Description UK Government Biodiversity and Ecosystems Enquiry
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/62/environmental-audit-comm
 
Description UN Committee on the Rights of the Child consultation for the general comment on children's rights and the environment with a special focus on climate change
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://oneoceanhub.glasscubes.com/share/s/2rmqn43m0nul1aohvd4ttr65eh
 
Description UN Food and Agriculture Organisation: Guide on Legislating for Small Scale Fisheries
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb0885en
 
Description UNEP consulation on Environmental Defenders
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to new or Improved professional practice
Impact The meeting brought together experts from across the world with the purpose of discussing and sharing practices such as defense activities, livelihood projects as well as prevention of and protection against attacks. They aimed to identify gaps in existing UN guidance with a view to putting forward practical recommendations to relevant bodies and mechanisms of the UN. The outcomes will inform a compilation of good practices and recommendations, that will be made available through a report and an online interactive tool, accessible via www.environment-rights.org. The global consultation was attended by the former and current UN Special Rapporteurs on Human rights and the Environment, and the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders, as well as several representatives of UN agencies. UNEP has included the Hub policy recommendations on "ocean defenders" in forthcoming UN Guidance on the Protection of Environmental Human Rights Defenders, addressed to UN Resident Coordinators (who can mobilise at country level financial, legal and logistic resources to protect defenders).
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/one-ocean-hub-highlights-role-and-needs-of-small-scale-fishers-at-un-consult...
 
Description (MISSION ATLANTIC) - Towards the Sustainable Development of the Atlantic Ocean: Mapping and Assessing the present and future status of Atlantic marine ecosystems under the influence of climate change and exploitation
Amount € 11,564,093 (EUR)
Funding ID 862428 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 08/2020 
End 08/2025
 
Description Amagagasi -Tides - Mbazwana Public Storytelling Project
Amount R125,000 (ZAR)
Organisation National Arts Council of South Africa 
Sector Public
Country South Africa
Start 02/2022 
End 02/2023
 
Description Community of Practice (CoP): Marine Spatial Plan for Algoa Bay; Phase II Algoa Bay, South Africa
Amount R7,000,000 (ZAR)
Organisation South African National Research Foundation (NRF) 
Sector Public
Country South Africa
Start 09/2020 
End 09/2022
 
Description Community of Practice in "Western Indian Ocean: Assessing the applicability of the ocean-accounts framework (OAF)"
Amount R7,000,000 (ZAR)
Funding ID UID: 125455 
Organisation South African National Research Foundation (NRF) 
Sector Public
Country South Africa
Start 01/2020 
End 12/2022
 
Description Deep Connections
Amount R1,246,950 (ZAR)
Funding ID ACEP200210502862 - Grant Number: 129216 
Organisation South African National Research Foundation (NRF) 
Sector Public
Country South Africa
Start 01/2021 
End 12/2023
 
Description Ecosystem-based adaptive capacity through community engagement (Eco-ACE)
Amount R3,600,000 (ZAR)
Organisation South African National Research Foundation (NRF) 
Sector Public
Country South Africa
Start 01/2022 
End 12/2024
 
Description Extension on COVID-Tourism Impact Study
Amount R70,000 (ZAR)
Organisation Nelson Mandela University 
Sector Academic/University
Country South Africa
Start 01/2022 
End 03/2022
 
Description Food and Agriculture Organization's in-kind match funding for developmemt of e-learning course
Amount $37,450 (USD)
Organisation United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organisation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Italy
Start 03/2021 
End 04/2022
 
Description Harnessing natural product diversity to combat multidrug-resistant pathogens
Amount £1,900,000 (GBP)
Funding ID MC_PC_MR/T029579/1 
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 03/2023
 
Description In-kind contribution to South Africa Deep Emotional Engagement Programme (DEEP) Fund Project: Fishers' Tales
Amount R10,000 (ZAR)
Organisation Durban University of Technology 
Sector Academic/University
Country South Africa
Start 02/2022 
End 03/2024
 
Description Marine Research and Innovation for a Sustainable management of Coasts and Oceans (MARISCO)
Amount $250,000 (USD)
Funding ID https://www.belmontforum.org/projects/marine-research-and-innovation-for-a-sustainable-management-of-coasts-and-oceans/ 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Department Belmont Forum
Sector Public
Country Global
Start 02/2020 
End 02/2023
 
Description South African National Research Foundation's Marine Research Call: Towards the Development of Catch-And-Release Zones for Resilient Shore-based Marine Fisheries in South Africa
Amount R2,078,200 (ZAR)
Organisation South African National Research Foundation (NRF) 
Sector Public
Country South Africa
Start 01/2022 
End 12/2024
 
Description TRIATLAS (EU-H2020)
Amount R6,900,000 (ZAR)
Funding ID 817578 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2019 
End 07/2023
 
Description United Nations Environment Programme - Capacity Building
Amount $95,375 (USD)
Organisation United Nations (UN) 
Department United Nations Environment Programme
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Kenya
Start 04/2021 
End 11/2021
 
Description Vulnerability Assessments for Small Island Developing States
Amount R900,000 (ZAR)
Organisation Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Italy
Start 02/2022 
End 11/2022
 
Description Western Indian Ocean Marine Spatial Planning Strategy
Amount $31,500 (USD)
Organisation United Nations (UN) 
Department United Nations Environment Programme
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Kenya
Start 09/2020 
End 08/2021
 
Title A new counter-hegemonic mapping tool and instrument 
Description In South Africa a growing network of small-scale fisher leaders, environmental justice organisations and researchers from the One Ocean Hub, currently called the Coastal Justice Network (CJN), has been responding collaboratively over the past two years to a range of injustices - social, environmental, economic - experienced by coastal communities and environments. We have worked collaboratively to respond to the expected negative impacts of proposed offshore oil and gas expansion, lack of participation and other human rights issues around the creation and planning of marine protected areas, policy and management failures towards small-scale fisheries, water crises in coastal communities, COVID lockdown-related limitations to public participation, and others. One significant area of work, with noteworthy recent impact is the development of a new counter-hegemonic mapping tool and instrument aimed at linking up, mobilising capacity, and facilitating popular education processes for small-scale fisher leaders, traditional leaders, coastal youth and other coastal citizens who have been negatively affected by the expansion of the network of Marine Protected Areas (MPA). The historical and contemporary human rights issues are MPA expansion include, but are not limited to, communities being forcibly displaced from coastal ancestral land, experiencing heavy restrictions to their access and livelihood practices along the coastline in disregard of their sustainable customary practices, exclusion from MPA planning, zonation and other decision making, and culturally inappropriate and ineffective participatory processes on these issues. The development of the new counter hegemonic mapping tool and instrument is expanding through the CJN collaborative One Ocean Hub - Deep Connections project at Mbazwana in Kwa Zulu Natal. The counter-hegemonic mapping tool is developed by CJN closely with small-scale fishers communities to: 1. Map their concerns; 2. Support efforts for small-scale fishers and other leaders to participate in online consultations around the country; 3. Document their capacity mobilization needs, and; 4. Continue ethnographic research (oral histories, interviews, focus groups, archival analysis) with small-scale fishers and other coastal groups. The CJN used novel creative methods in participatory research (Empatheatre, Public Storytelling, Counter-hegemonic mapping, transgressive learning, popular education) to translate the MPA draft management plan into isiXhosa (the local language), deciphering the complex language and research page by page with the leaders. CJN also used an 'embodied mapping' constellation process in which leaders paced out the draft maps and zonation of the MPA across the hall, using their bodies as reference points for land-marks and noticeable boundaries of the MPA. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The counter-hegemonic mapping tool and instrument developed by the CJN contributed significantly to the inclusion of small-scale fishers in the Amathole MPA consultation in 2021. Counter hegemonic mapping tool and instrument offered more nuanced and detailed understanding of the implications of the draft management plan, enabled the small-scale leaders to document their questions and concerns, and align their concerns to the specific page number of the management plan in preparation for the meeting to discuss the Amathole MPA with South Africa Department of Forestry Fisheries and Environment (DFFE) on 10 June 2021. On the day of the meeting, the three nominated small-scale fishers cooperative leaders expressed their concerns and questioned aspects of the management plan. Although the atmosphere/agenda/tone of day was still very much in the control of government leaders, the meeting was held mainly in isiXhosa and our team were able to facilitate an interactive participatory mapping and public storytelling process. This allowed for rich, nuanced, place-based accountability to the impact of the management plan, and for dynamic dialogue - and associated tensions, to be expressed with generative engagement on both sides. This can be considered a watershed moment in MPA consultation, where past inequalities and exclusions from ocean-related decision making, could be discussed in communities' own language and on the basis of understandable maps and documentation. As a result, the authorities at the meting expressed a commitment to include small-scale fishers cooperatives in the decision-making forum for the Amathole MPA moving forward. 
URL https://oneoceanhub.org/the-unexpected-impact-of-a-letter-to-the-minister-from-one-ocean-hub-researc...
 
Title Arts-based participatory methods 
Description Hub early career researchers based at Nelson Mandela University in South Africa, Dr Nina Rivers and Mia Strands, have piloted the use of arts-based participatory approaches to (1) document knowledge, stories, and lived experience of indigenous peoples and local communities and (2) identify culturally significant areas in marine and coastal environment. They have then adapted arts-based participatory methods to suit the South African context by contextualising these methods in the form of storytelling and photography that researchers co-developed with indigenous and local community members of Algoa Bay as co-researchers. Using arts-based participatory research the Hub team of researchers in South Africa has also been looking at ways to identify culturally significant areas along the coastline. The objectives of identifying culturally significant areas are to: build understanding of current research on coastal and marine socio-cultural values in South Africa; evaluate synergies between research initiatives and potential for collaboration; develop a framework for identifying, mapping and assessing marine socio-cultural values in South Africa and work towards a potential collaborative peer-reviewed paper. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The development of arts-based participatory methods have led to the collaboration between Hub researchers based at Nelson Mandela University and the South Africa National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI). SANBI had been working towards a national framework for identifying and mapping Culturally Significant Areas (CSAs) in the marine and coastal environment of South Africa. Hub researchers based at Nelson Mandela University developed survey to identify and map CSAs in the marine and coastal environment of Algoa Bay to support the development of South Africa national framework for mapping CSAs. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CTzCTnQNoD4&t=3122s
 
Title Global online interest assessment using google trends to determine the extent of technological creep in recreational fisheries globally 
Description Due to reports from concerned members of the recreational fishing community and from social media threads we decided to investigate the potential effects and size of marine recreational drone fishing in South Africa. Due to the limit knowledge and active monitoring of marine recreational fisheries in South Africa we had to come up with new techniques to estimate both the extent of the issue in South Africa and globally. While there was considerable evidence from social media groups that the practice was widespread globally and in South Africa it was hard to quantify easily. We therefore turned to Google Trends (https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?date=all&q=%22drone%20fishing%22) to evaluate standardised interest into the topic globally. While Google Trends has been used for research purposes, to our knowledge this is first time that it has been used to detect, monitor and quantify interest into rapidly evolving fishing techniques. Luckily the techniques are easily reproducible and therefore it would be possible to revaluate interest into topic if management and policy changes to counter the effects of this new fishery are implemented. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This new method provides the ability to identify global trends remotely using openly available free data sources online 
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13280-021-01578-y
 
Title Justice and small-scale fisheries map 
Description Researchers from the Hub's Coastal Justice Network have created the new online 'justice and small-scale fisheries map' on the Coastal Justice Network website. Derived from the Coastal Justice Network research the map visualised marine protected areas, ocean mining and small scale fisheries in relation to each other. This map has been used in public communication around ocean mining projects and in support of small-scale fishers struggles in South Africa. The map is particularly important in the light of efforts made by civil society organisations (e.g. Coastal Justice Network researchers from Rhodes University and University of Cape Town, the Legal Resources Centre, Natural Justice, Green Connection) to raise public awareness on the negative impact of an exploratory seismic survey on the fishing communities' food and economic security, as well as heritage and identity. Since 2021 until now the Coastal Justice Network and other civil society organisations have assisted small scale fishing communities on the West Coast and the East Coast of South Africa to prevent the Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (DMRE), Searcher Seismic, and Shell from conducting seismic survey that could affected their livelihood and well-being. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The research driven network and the production of the map has opened discussions between the policy makers and small scale fishers, enabling a more indepth engagement between these stakeholders. The impact of the Coastal Justice Network research, engagement activities, and the map that they have produced have been recognised through publications of two press releases which were then cited in local media articles listed below. 1. 'Another fishing community in limbo as west coast seismic survey loom', 23 January 2022 in The Citizen. Available from https://www.citizen.co.za/news/south-africa/courts/2984959/fishing-community-in-limbo-west-coast-seismic-survey/ 2.'Fishers and civic organisations take legal action against West Coast seismic surveying,' 21 January 2022 in Daily Maveric. Available from https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-01-21-fishers-and-civic-organisations-take-legal-action-against-west-coast-seismic-surveying/ 3. 'West Coast community prepares for a court battle over a new seismic survey', 19 January 2022 in Cape Town Etc. Available from https://www.capetownetc.com/news/west-coast-community-prepares-for-a-court-battle-over-a-new-seismic-survey/ These media articles have contributed in raising public awareness about blue economy developments in South Africa. 
URL https://coastaljusticenetwork.co.za/mapping/
 
Title Lexicometric content analysis of Pacific ocean policies 
Description The methodology has been developed by One Ocean Hub researcher, Pierre Mazzega (INSERM, France), the author of the mathematical models, in association with researchers from different disciplines. The approach used to analyse the policies is based on lexicometric content analysis, which measures the frequency of use of words within the studied texts. From these usage frequencies, mathematical and statistical indices can be derived which allow the interlinkages between texts to be interrogated and emergent perspectives to emerge. The specific methods used and described here have been designed and coded specifically for the particular requirements of the analysis rather than using proprietary lexicometric software. The application of the employed lexicometric analyses are novel for ocean policy and for the Pacific, but lexicometric analyses have been widely used in other studies including law and public policy (Boulet et al., 2019). The extraction of the information for the analysis from the corpus of 18 policy texts into a structured hierarchical classification involved the following 6 steps (a set of definitions, a list of themes and further technical detail on steps 2, 5, and 6 are all provided in the Supplementary Material here: https://bit.ly/3uMgAtl): • Step 1: convert documents from .PDF to.txt format and cleaning up the files; • Step 2: extract noun phrases (or "expressions") from the corpus of policy texts; • Step 3: edit and filter the list of all the distinct expressions extracted from the corpus. The list obtained forms the vocabulary of the corpus; • Step 4: identify the main themes of interest for the characterisation and analysis of the content of policies. Partition of all themes into domains; • Step 5: each word of each expression is put in its canonical form, its lemma, and each lemma is assigned to one and only one theme. The hierarchy lemmas < themes < domains form the taxonomy; • Step 6: for each policy, for each theme, counting the number of distinct lemmas assigned to the theme and found in the expressions of the text. The distribution of the number of lemmas by theme constitutes the profile of the policy. Estimation of the similarity between the policies taken by pairs. Step 1 is commonly performed in natural language processing (NLP) of textual corpora but it is not a fully automated process. It includes the homogenisation of texts (UTF08 encoding), the elimination of layout markers and references to figures, etc. For this reason, text tables have been omitted unless they presented useful information in textual form. Step 2 uses algorithms for the automatic extraction of noun phrases. However, this extraction is a relatively complex task which requires in particular the parsing of the text into sentences, then their parsing into tokens (most of them being words), followed by a syntactic analysis making it possible to identify the noun phrases through the grammatical function they occupy in each sentence. In order to ensure a good recall of this step, we use three free- or share-wares as detailed in the Supplementary Material. The lists of expressions produced by these three approaches are then merged into a single list, keeping both any nested expressions and the phrases into which they fit (e. g. "environmental impact assessment" is nested in "application of environmental impact assessment"). This resultant single list is then analysed (Step 3) to remove all expressions that have an indeterminate or too general meaning when they are detached from the sentences in which they were used. Reading them in a list, outside the textual context, does not allow to link them to a theme or policy sector (e. g. "annual growth rate," "potential earnings"). After this lexical filtering, more than 13,500 distinct expressions endowed with an autonomous meaning (independent of the context), form the vocabulary of the corpus of 18 policies. Each expression or noun phrase is made up of one or more words. A set of themes is then formed from the vocabulary. The approach chosen in this fourth step (Step 4) is based on the differentiated and complementary expertise of the co-authors to identify these themes rather than on a purely lexical-semantic analysis or a clustering statistic. In this way the identified themes are meaningful in the context of the making of policies and regulations related to the oceans and marine resources, socio-ecological changes and development, in particular in the specific context of the Pacific region. The 34 themes thus obtained were divided into 5 domains, "activities," "development," "environmental changes," "governance," and "law, policy, and politics". In Step 5 (see Supplementary Material for details), each word entering the composition of an expression of the vocabulary, except stop-words, is lemmatised. More than 3,800 of such lemmas were obtained and each lemma is then assigned to a theme. The hierarchy formed by the list of lemmas assigned to the 34 themes themselves partitioned into five domains. This constitutes the taxonomy of the corpus of policies analysed. By construction, an expression comprising several lemmas can be linked to more than one theme, for example, "advocacy for low carbon development" is related to the themes "law" [label: LAW], "environment and climate change" [ENCC] and "development" [DEVe] via the lemmas "advocacy," "carbon," and "development," respectively. Acronyms and frozen expressions are not lemmatized but directly related to a theme. The policy texts are taken one by one in Step 6, to search for each expression. For each policy, the number of distinct lemmas assigned to each theme is counted. The presentation of this result in the form of a histogram constitutes the profile of policy. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Hub researchers have contributed to the long-awaited Blue Pacific Ocean Report launched by the Pacific Ocean Commissioner in 2021. The Report provides a stocktake of the progress of ocean policy implementation and proposes forward-looking strategies to improve ocean governance and sustainability. A team drawn from the Hub contributed a section called "Lessons from a Research on the analysis of regional ocean policy inter-linkages". This analysis used a lexicometric content analysis of regional ocean policies and identified opportunity for policy retirement, embedding of expanding sectors to reduce fragmentation and increased coherence of the Ocean with key regional development themes. This analysis was carried out by Pierre Mazzega (CNRS, University Jean Jaurès, France), Claire Lajaunie (INSERM, University Aix-Marseille, France), Jeremy Hills (USP) and Payal Maharaj (USP). The work was carried out in collaboration with the Office of the Pacific Ocean Commissioner who are the Hub's project partners. See the Blue Pacific Ocean Report here: https://oneoceanhub.org/publications/blue-pacific-ocean-report%E2%80%AF/ 
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2021.676944/full
 
Title Methodologies for collecting microplastics that is relatively inexpensive 
Description Methodologies for the collection of plastics have been devised by a student in another project that involved One Ocean Hub researcher, Professor Bhavani Narayanaswamy from the Scottish Association for Marine Science (see Paradinas et al. (2021) A New Collection Tool-Kit to Sample Microplastics From the Marine Environment (Sediment, Seawater, and Biota) Using Citizen Science. Frontiers in Marine Science https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.657709). Under the One Ocean Hub these methodologies are being refined to be used in Ghana. Details about these methodologies are explained below. We developed a simple, cost-effective and practical tool-kit to collect microplastics from the coastal environment and engaged the public in scientific research. The tool-kit was designed to take into account the latest recommendations for sampling each environmental substrate, whilst being practical for citizen scientists to use. This research demonstrates that using a semi-structured to structured project with a defined sampling approach including the participation of the public with local knowledge can be an effective way to monitor microplastics in the marine environment along the Scottish coastline. This approach, can be adapted to other projects monitoring microplastics to increase the use of citizen science in projects, allowing more studies to take place, more samples to be collected, and a greater understanding of the occurrence and the potential impact of microplastics in the environment. Sampling kits were designed to be simple tool-kits, easily used by all volunteers. The tool-kit consisted of a pole-water sampler, glass jars (15 of 7 ml), plastic bottles (5 of 500 ml), sealable plastic bags, filter paper already placed in Petri dishes, aluminum foil, deionised water (1l), electrical tape, water-resistant pencil, ice blocks (3) and a cool box (Figure 2). The water-sampler, bottles, bags and jars were rinsed and cleaned with deionised water and 70% ethanol prior to being sealed. The filter papers and Petri dishes were examined using a stereomicroscope 37.5× magnification prior to sealing with electrical tape to ensure no contamination. Bottles, bags and jars were partially labeled to facilitate the work in the field by the volunteers. All materials were stored in an insulated cool-box immediately after collection and during transport of samples to the laboratory, which allowed safe transportation of materials. The cool-box provided thermal insulation for the samples, resulting in slower development of organic matter, as well as a convenient way to transfer materials to and from the site. The volunteers were asked to take a knife (Swiss army type knife) prior to going into the field, to be able to remove the mussels from their substrate. At all research locations, intertidal sediment (i.e., sand), coastal water and benthic organisms (i.e., M. edulis) were collected four times during the year (every 13 weeks) to investigate seasonal variability in microplastic abundances, polymer types and shapes. All the sites were sampled at the same time (e.g., over the same weekend) to avoid large weather and tidal disparities between locations. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We are using a methodology for collecting microplastics that is relatively inexpensive and hence can be used by a developing country to undertake microplastic collection. 
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2021.657709/full
 
Title Methods for vulnerability assessment and identification of adaptation options for large scale fisheries (small pelagics and Namibian rock lobster fisheries) 
Description One Ocean Hub researchers at Rhodes University led by Profesor Kevern L. Cochrane, Professor Warren Potts and Professor Warwick Sauer have developed a tool to measure vulnerability of fisheries to climate change. The tool developed in assessing vulnerability and identifying adaptation options is consistent with the standard vulnerability assessment (VA) framework applied by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In accordance with that framework, vulnerability is split into two components, ecological vulnerability and social and economic vulnerability (e.g. Marshall et al., 2009). In addition, for the purposes of this project a third component is also included, referred to as National Economy and Governance. The new tool is new and novel because it takes into account social and economic vulnerability data. In contrast to the availability of reliable information on the impacts of climate change on the ecology of Benguela ecosystem and ecological vulnerabilities, there has been little work done, and hence there is only limited information, on the social and economic vulnerabilities of the fisheries of the Benguela countries. Any such information that is available will be examined and used where appropriate but the primary method for this component will be to collect information through consultation with stakeholders, particularly those stakeholders who are directly dependent on the fisheries for their livelihoods, as well as the responsible government agencies. National workshops will be held in each country as a primary tool for consultation but follow-up consultations will also be held with specific stakeholders as required. This will include visits to processing factories to consult directly with factory workers and fishing crews. In accordance with the standard IPCC practice, social and economic vulnerability is determined as the combination of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. These three indicators are defined as (Sowman et al. 2018): • Sensitivity: the degree to which a system is affected, either adversely or beneficially, by climate related stimuli; • Exposure: the nature and degree to which a system is exposed to significant climatic variations; • Adaptive capacity: the ability of systems, institutions, humans, and other organisms to adjust to potential damage, to take advantage of opportunities, or to respond to consequences. For further information on this method please read here: https://oneoceanhub.glasscubes.com/share/s/nkheb8n1mt7e37it6561rd3k2o 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The method allows communities, companies and managers to make informed decisions on fisheries in the future. The Food and Agriculture Organizationis is going to publish the method as part of its publication. 
URL https://oneoceanhub.glasscubes.com/share/s/nkheb8n1mt7e37it6561rd3k2o
 
Title The 'Oceans for Life: a Coastal Community Blue Justice resource process' methodology and tools 
Description One Ocean Hub research team in South Africa lead by Dr Jackie Sunde and Professor Merle Sowman (University of Cape Town) is using and developing a methodology namely the 'Oceans for Life: a Coastal Community Blue Justice resource process' methodology that is relevant for a developing country context as it is a human rights based, participatory research methodology that aims to simultaneously recognise local communities local ecological knowledge and build their advocacy capacities to ensure their rights are protected. It is a community and human-rights based approach to assessing and transforming Blue Economy development initiatives into life affirming processes that are equitable and sustainable. Hub researchers are in the process of applying and refining an oceans for life assessment tool and oceans for life action tool which we have developed over the past year. The tool has been applied in one of the University of Cape Town research team case study sites thus far. The purpose of this community-based tool is to provide an understanding of community vulnerability to ocean economy projects and ascertain the knowledge, skills and resources and actions needed to build resilience. This resource process includes two inter-linked components: 1. Oceans for Life Assessment Tool which is a dynamic, participatory, human- rights based assessment tool that enables coastal communities to assess Blue Economy developments from a human rights based perspective to check whether the development complies with international and national human rights laws and policies and will contribute to sustaining their lives and that of the ocean upon which they depend; and 2. Oceans for life action tool which equips coastal communities with the information and an array of resources that will assist them in ensuring that Blue Economy policies, developments and processes comply with relevant human rights and environmental legislation and strategies and activities to transform these development processes into actions that will contribute towards equitable and sustainable oceans and coastal life and livelihoods. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This is work in progress. The Hub research team has developed a draft Tool and Methodology for Assessing the impact of Blue Economy projects on small-scale fisheries in South Africa. The tool and methodology have been piloted in one fisheries site but now requires additional testing and refinement during the course of 2022. 
 
Title Transdisciplinary audit tool 
Description The tool can analyse development projects to determine to assess the research and knowledge production mode of the project. Literature recognises mode 1 which is based around sectoral scientist approaches and mode 2 is are more context driven, inclusive and multidisciplinary process. From literature indicators of mode 1 and 2 were devised under categories of People, Policy, Process and Product which reflected the different dimensions of the knowledge research process. This analytical frame was applied to a number of ocean-related development projects in the Pacific. The results demonstrated that the indicators captured the different approaches used in the projects. Transdisciplinary approaches are only feasible within mode 2 research modalities, thus, the indicators provide insight into how to design research in terms of People, Policy, Process and Product. These results provide insight into the project design required for allow transdisciplinary approaches to develop. With integrated and transdisciplinary outcomes being required to deliver the SDGs, and this fully recognised by GCRF, this work is a significant step for designing appropriate interventions. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact At present the approach is being written up for publication for intended submission in March 2022. It has developed knowledge of how to design transdisciplinary research interventions. It has not yet been applied to shape future development funds. 
 
Title Fleet based surplus production model: a new fish stock assessment model 
Description One Ocean Hub researchers including Dr Robin Cook and Professor Michael Heath (University of Strathclyde) and Dr Emmanuel Acheampong and Professor Joseph Aggrey-Fynn (University of Cape Coast) have developed a new fish stock assessment modelling tool suited to catch and effort data available by fleet. This is a Bayesian statistical model that uniquely accounts for technological creep and therefore corrects for bias in existing methods that use fishery dependent data. It provides estimates of maximum sustainable yield which offers fishery managers advice on sustainable exploitation of coastal resources. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Assessments of many West African fish stocks rely on fishery dependent catch and effort data. Typically, these treat the catch data as error free and some assume that fishing power does not change over time. To address these issues One Ocean Hub researchers Dr Robin Cook, Professor Michael Heath, Dr Emmanuel Acheampong and Professor Josep Aggrey-Fynn develop a fleet based surplus production model that accounts for increases in fishing power. It allows errors both in effort and catch data so avoiding the assumption that catch data are exact. Mean annual fleet fishing power increase can be estimated when data from multiple fleets are available provided it can be specified for at least one fleet. The model is tested using simulated data and then applied to western stocks of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) and bonga shad (Ethmalosa fimbriata) in the Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (CECAF) area. Both stocks appear to be over-exploited and near to collapse. Corrections for fishing power are important in the anchovy assessment and help to explain conflicting trends in the data. Uncertainty in the assessments is explored with a range of sensitivity tests. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2021.106048
 
Title Modeling climate change impacts on the South African marine system and fisheries 
Description The marine fisheries sector in South Africa plays an important role in food security for small-scale and subsistence fishers. Climate-driven impacts have resulted in distribution shifts and declines in abundance of important fisheries targets, with negative consequences to the users dependent on these resources (reviewed in Ortega-Cisneros et al., 2021). Hub researchers from the University of Cape Town and Nelson Mandela University, Dr Lynnne Shannon and Dr Kelly Ortega Cisneros developed ecosystem models to predict the impacts of climate change on fisheries and develop and test adaptation scenarios. They used the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE, version 6.6.6) and Atlantis modelling frameworks to develop and test scenarios for climate change fisheries adaptation. These models allow for the creation of simple or complex models of the trophic flows of an ecosystem, providing an overview of feeding interactions and resources contained in the system. Both the Atlantis and EwE modelling frameworks have been used for strategic purposes, e.g. to test what if? scenarios. These models and scenarios are critical for adaptation since they can predict the potential impacts of climate change and other stressors to marine ecosystems and resource users. These predictions can be used to inform users of potential future scenarios, that can in turn help them prepare to these impacts and increase their readiness to adapt. These models and scenarios are innovative because it produces a novel application of the temporally dynamic Ecosim model for Algoa Bay as well as spatio-temporal dynamic model (Ecospace) by gathering recent advancements in our understanding of the dynamics and available data series from research in Algoa Bay. The models and scenarios show promise in improving the understanding of cumulative pressures in Algoa Bay including climate change, as well as the predicted impacts of climate change in the southern Benguela system using two different ecosystem models. This is important in reconciling knowledge needed to manage fisheries and to protect marine biodiversity by means of ecosystem-based management in South Africa, and to advance management advice under future scenarios of climate change (Shannon et.al 2020). 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Significance of the models and scenarios developed by Hub researchers has been recognised at the regional and international levels, through invited policy brief and presentations to the Nairobi Convention for the Western Indian Ocean (February 2021) and the Ocean Decade Predictable Ocean (September 2021). The ecosystem models and scenarios will help the fishing industry prepare for climate change and ultimately assist to prioritise resources to ensure the industry remains resilient or to find alternatives to diversify and remain viable. Several adaptation options have been proposed for the small pelagics fishery by the right holders and the findings of this study hope to help with prioritising those adaptation options by identifying which elements are more at risk and need the highest attention. By doing so this project contributes to sustaining livelihoods for the more than 5000 people from different local communities depending on small pelagic fishery. 
URL https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00540
 
Title The Algoa Marine Systems Analysis Tool (AlgoaMSAT): an exploratory framework and simulation model 
Description One Ocean Hub early career researcher Estee Vermeulen has developed the Algoa Marine Systems Analysis Tool (AlgoaMSAT). AlgoaMSAT is an exploratory framework and simulation model that uses system dynamics modelling (SDM) to facilitate and support MSP. SDMs incorporate temporal dimensions, and thereby can support MSP processes by evaluating changes in human use dynamics and interconnections, possible synergies and conflicts between human uses, as well as between human uses and requirements for marine health. As a management framework, the exploratory tool provides a holistic, cross-sectoral overview of human use dynamics in terms of sustainable management, and as a simulation model, it provides a platform for scenario and trade-off analyses in relation to sustainable use of the bay. Moreover, the framework and the model provide a communication tool, which can be used to facilitate collaborative stakeholder engagement and provide strategic guidance and decision-support to MSP. The model boundary of AlgoaMSAT consists of six sub-models. Five of these represent selected marine uses in Algoa Bay, whereas the sixth sub-model integrates the outputs from each marine use in terms of sustainable management outputs. An additional output of the AlgoaMSAT is the Visual User Interface (VUI). The VUI has been developed for the purpose of providing a 'user-friendly' portal to engage with the model, specifically for users who are unfamiliar with the method of system dynamics modeling or do not have access to the model software. Decision-makers or stakeholders can therefore investigate model scenarios by tweaking the inclusive model levers. The VUI can additionally be applied in a multi-sectoral stakeholder setting, whereby stakeholders in the different marine sectors can implement alternative management interventions and thereby compare scenarios. The VUI has been developed to provide a user-friendly portal to engage with the model. Decision-makers or stakeholders can therefore investigate model scenarios by adjusting the inclusive model variables through levers on the interface. The VUI can additionally be used in a collaborative stakeholder setting, whereby stakeholders representing different institutions or areas of the problem can implement alternative management interventions to investigate tourism recovery strategies in Nelson Mandela Bay, similar to what was demonstrated during the group stakeholder workshop. The Nelson Mandela Bay COVID-Tourism interface will be published online on the isee systems model exchange platform at completion of the study. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Algoa Marine Systems Analysis model received first place in two prestigious competitions including the 4th Annual South African System Dynamics competition and the Global Challenges University Alliance (GCUA 2030) Award in 2021. 
URL https://www.algoabayproject.com/abcodym
 
Description ADVANCING MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING FOR THE WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN, AND IN MADAGASCAR AND TANZANIA 
Organisation Macquarie University
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The multi-funded Algoa Bay project at the Nelson Mandela University, South African, and its collaboration with the Hub (as a cross-scale case study) has been recognised for integrating disciplines and expertise in marine spatial planning, with particular attention on innovations in taking a system approach and using a social-ecological lens. The research has been upscaled to the regional level through the development of: 1) a framework for marine spatial planning in the Western Indian Ocean; 2) concept note on how to implement the framework and its importance; and 3) a policy brief funded by UNEP. The concept note was presented in 2021 to the Conference of the Parties of the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management, and Development of the Coastal and Marine Environment of the Eastern Africa region, and the framework was presented at the multi-stakeholder conference of the Western Indian Ocean Governance and Exchange Network (WIOGEN) by Hub Deputy Director Bernadette Snow. The framework is now expected to be integrated into national planning and ocean governance processes in the Western Indian Ocean). In 2021-2022, the University of Strathclyde, WWF (Madagascar and Tanzania) and Nelson Mandela University have undertaken the development of a methodological tool, to support Madagascar and Tanzania in developing marine spatial plans, legal requirements, participatory approaches and understand capacities for successful implementation of MSP. The methodological tool was co-produced in each country with national government departments, civil society and NGOs. Tools were completed and endorsed by governments in Madagascar in December 2021 and for Tanzania in February 2022. The collaboration is now developing into a new phase to support the implementation of the tools in these two countries.
Collaborator Contribution UNEP is a project partner of the Hub and is hosting the Secretariat of the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management, and Development of the Coastal and Marine Environment of the Eastern Africa region. UNEP recognized the significance of the Algoa Bay team's contribution and invited presentation at Science to Policy Forum for the UNEP/Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean on 25 March 2021 that was co-organsied by UNEP Nairobi Convention, United Nations Development Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Association and the Global Environment Facility. Hub researchers from Nelson Mandela University including Dr Denning Metuge, Professor Amanda Lombard and Dr Bernadette Snow have also submitted a concept note on 'A regional Marine Spatial Planning strategy for the Western Indian Ocean' to the UNEP Nairobi Convention Western Indian Ocean Regional Science to Policy Meeting in September 2021. World Wide Fund (WWF) is an international civil society organisation that is leading in campaigning for governments around the world to pass specific and holistic legislation to address the many issues associated with the management of human activities affecting the marine environment that should include the designation of a nationally representative network of marine protected areas set within the context of MSP. WWF uses a participatory approach to develop comprehensive and visually appealing spatial data that will fill critical information gaps, and facilitate informed decision-making regarding marine management and protection. This participatory approach to marine decision-making is expected to increase the knowledge of the marine environment and related human uses of the marine environment amongst all participating stakeholders by allowing information to be available to everyone. Increased marine protection and strengthened governance through participatory spatial planning, targeted capacity building, and compelling data, will demonstrate that MSP can produce "win-win" outcomes that conserve biodiversity and enhance food security, protect livelihoods, and support socio-economic development compatible with ocean health. This approach aligns well with the Hub's approach in taking a system approach and using social-ecological lens to spatial planning. Since 2021, Nelson Mandela University, University of Strathclyde and WWF have collaborated to develop a methodological tool to support marine spatial plans in Madagascar and Tanzania. The Hub's unique contribution is the inclusion of human rights, inter-disciplinarity and inclusive participation in the methodological tool. Drawing from the Hub research findings and experience, researchers from Nelson Mandela University, University of Strathclyde and WWF were working together in co-producing methodological tool together with government officials and representatives of civil society in Madagascar and Tanzania. The networks of WWF in Madagascar and Tanzania have helped to facilitated the partnership with national and local stakeholders that made the development of tool for marine spatial planning possible. We are now discussing a new consultancy-based collaboration to support, later in 2022, the implementation of the methodological tools, which were approved by the respective governments.
Impact Concept Note Submission to the United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi Convention Western Indian Ocean Regional Science to Policy Meeting September 2021https://nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/WIO%20MSP%20Policy%20Brief_6%20Oct2021.pdf. Framework - not for public yet. Methodological Tool - not for public yet as will go out to tender for further work.
Start Year 2021
 
Description ADVANCING MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING FOR THE WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN, AND IN MADAGASCAR AND TANZANIA 
Organisation Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The multi-funded Algoa Bay project at the Nelson Mandela University, South African, and its collaboration with the Hub (as a cross-scale case study) has been recognised for integrating disciplines and expertise in marine spatial planning, with particular attention on innovations in taking a system approach and using a social-ecological lens. The research has been upscaled to the regional level through the development of: 1) a framework for marine spatial planning in the Western Indian Ocean; 2) concept note on how to implement the framework and its importance; and 3) a policy brief funded by UNEP. The concept note was presented in 2021 to the Conference of the Parties of the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management, and Development of the Coastal and Marine Environment of the Eastern Africa region, and the framework was presented at the multi-stakeholder conference of the Western Indian Ocean Governance and Exchange Network (WIOGEN) by Hub Deputy Director Bernadette Snow. The framework is now expected to be integrated into national planning and ocean governance processes in the Western Indian Ocean). In 2021-2022, the University of Strathclyde, WWF (Madagascar and Tanzania) and Nelson Mandela University have undertaken the development of a methodological tool, to support Madagascar and Tanzania in developing marine spatial plans, legal requirements, participatory approaches and understand capacities for successful implementation of MSP. The methodological tool was co-produced in each country with national government departments, civil society and NGOs. Tools were completed and endorsed by governments in Madagascar in December 2021 and for Tanzania in February 2022. The collaboration is now developing into a new phase to support the implementation of the tools in these two countries.
Collaborator Contribution UNEP is a project partner of the Hub and is hosting the Secretariat of the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management, and Development of the Coastal and Marine Environment of the Eastern Africa region. UNEP recognized the significance of the Algoa Bay team's contribution and invited presentation at Science to Policy Forum for the UNEP/Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean on 25 March 2021 that was co-organsied by UNEP Nairobi Convention, United Nations Development Programme, Western Indian Ocean Marine Association and the Global Environment Facility. Hub researchers from Nelson Mandela University including Dr Denning Metuge, Professor Amanda Lombard and Dr Bernadette Snow have also submitted a concept note on 'A regional Marine Spatial Planning strategy for the Western Indian Ocean' to the UNEP Nairobi Convention Western Indian Ocean Regional Science to Policy Meeting in September 2021. World Wide Fund (WWF) is an international civil society organisation that is leading in campaigning for governments around the world to pass specific and holistic legislation to address the many issues associated with the management of human activities affecting the marine environment that should include the designation of a nationally representative network of marine protected areas set within the context of MSP. WWF uses a participatory approach to develop comprehensive and visually appealing spatial data that will fill critical information gaps, and facilitate informed decision-making regarding marine management and protection. This participatory approach to marine decision-making is expected to increase the knowledge of the marine environment and related human uses of the marine environment amongst all participating stakeholders by allowing information to be available to everyone. Increased marine protection and strengthened governance through participatory spatial planning, targeted capacity building, and compelling data, will demonstrate that MSP can produce "win-win" outcomes that conserve biodiversity and enhance food security, protect livelihoods, and support socio-economic development compatible with ocean health. This approach aligns well with the Hub's approach in taking a system approach and using social-ecological lens to spatial planning. Since 2021, Nelson Mandela University, University of Strathclyde and WWF have collaborated to develop a methodological tool to support marine spatial plans in Madagascar and Tanzania. The Hub's unique contribution is the inclusion of human rights, inter-disciplinarity and inclusive participation in the methodological tool. Drawing from the Hub research findings and experience, researchers from Nelson Mandela University, University of Strathclyde and WWF were working together in co-producing methodological tool together with government officials and representatives of civil society in Madagascar and Tanzania. The networks of WWF in Madagascar and Tanzania have helped to facilitated the partnership with national and local stakeholders that made the development of tool for marine spatial planning possible. We are now discussing a new consultancy-based collaboration to support, later in 2022, the implementation of the methodological tools, which were approved by the respective governments.
Impact Concept Note Submission to the United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi Convention Western Indian Ocean Regional Science to Policy Meeting September 2021https://nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/WIO%20MSP%20Policy%20Brief_6%20Oct2021.pdf. Framework - not for public yet. Methodological Tool - not for public yet as will go out to tender for further work.
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation Blue Ventures
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation Environmental Justice Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation Nelson Mandela University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation Rhodes University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation Swedish Society for Nature Conservation
Country Sweden 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department United Nations Environment Programme
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organisation
Country Italy 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation University of Cape Coast
Country Ghana 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation University of Cape Town
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation University of Namibia
Country Namibia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description BETTER PROTECTING SMALL-SCALE FISHERS' HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS SCALES 
Organisation World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF UK)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This partnership began in 2021 through the FAO existing programme to support national implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) through national legislation. To support this, One Ocean Hub co-hosted with FAO regional workshops with government, community, research, and NGO representation from Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, to identify legislative barriers to the implementation of the FAO voluntary SSF guidelines in each country, thereby contributing to national research, while co-developing a global instrument, the FAO SSF Policy and Legal diagnostic tool in April 2021. Co-design of the regional workshop with South African researchers involved in the Coastal Justice Network allowed FAO to shift from a top-down approach that focused on discussing what international law requires from governments to an approach informed by local context, and responds to specific needs of SSF, through international law when national law falls short. Hub researchers facilitated SSF representatives' direct participation in the workshop in varied ways, including voice or video messages that communicated their priorities. SSF and government representatives, as well as non-legal researchers were made aware of how international law is (or is not) applied in the context of South Africa, Ghana and Namibia. This is now informing planning of further inter-disciplinary research that will guide strategies on partnerships with governments and SSF in Ghana. In addition, this regional event led to a follow-up event specifically for Namibia, in collaboration with the FAO, the Hub and the Ministry for Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Namibia. The webinar series organised on 10-11 June 2021 was titled 'Namibia's experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries.' It was aimed at providing the evidence required to support the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, which the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is expected to publish in March 2022 as part of its commitment to implement the FAO SSF Guidelines. The workshop provided an opportunity to integrate the early research findings from the One Ocean Hub into the process for the development of a National Plan of Action for Small-Scale Fisheries in Namibia, notably with regard to the inclusion of the views of indigenous communities that have been displaced from the coast (Topnaar). The Hub and FAO are now exploring further ways to continuing cooperation in the course of this policy process and the implementation of the National Plan of Action. This event led to an ongoing collaboration between the FAO and Hub team in Namibia and the request by FAO for nominations for two experts to sit on Namibia's national task force on SSF (upon acceptance by the Ministry of Fisheries); this will provide us an opportunity to make comments on draft studies and plans for the implementation of the national action plan, and also hopefully to bring to the attention of the Ministry other relevant findings from Hub research. The key research findings that were shared with FAO focused on the approaches to: • redress marginalisation of previously disadvantaged communities including those that have been historically removed from the coast e.g. the Topnaar community), and • address the diverse capacity-building needs of different stakeholder groups that are expected to benefit from or contribute to implementation (SSF associations, SSF women and youth, town councils, NGOs, and primary schools). In addition, FAO invited the Hub to co-develop two e-learning courses on implementation of the FAO Guidelines on SSF to be housed on the FAO E-learning Academy website (https://elearning.fao.org/). The courses are meant to respond to government officers' and fishers' needs respectively, to implement the FAO Guidelines. The latter will allow SSF to obtain an international certification on the FAO E-learning Academy that contributes to their professional development and recognition of SSF. Two papers by Hub colleagues were integrated as case studies in the first FAO e-learning course on SSF law and policy (in additions to insights arising from the joint Hub-FAO workshops). A new e-learning course will be co-developed with a view to directly addressing the question and challenges of small-scale fishers in invoking international law and human rights in their daily interactions with authorities and other stakeholders, based on Hub partnerships with small-scale fishing organizations in Namibia, Ghana and South Africa. Meanwhile, the Hub shared some of these research findings and innovative methodologies for collaborating and supporting SSF with UNEP, in the context of a UN Global and African consultations on environmental human rights defenders. This contributing to the UN recognising SSF, indigenous peoples and local communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives as "environmental human rights defenders" (defined by the United Nations as individuals and communities that raise awareness about the negative impacts on human rights of unsustainable decisions on the environment, who are increasingly the object of (often lethal) attacks by governments or private companies), which addressed a blind spot in current international initiatives that are land-focused and ignore "ocean defenders." Hub research was integrated into recommendations to the UN System to better coordinate efforts and fill gaps in supporting ocean defenders (to be published in 2022). Findings and approaches to enhancing participation and inclusion of SSF from South Africa (notably the Coastal Justice Network approaches) will be included among good practices documented by UNEP in a website on environmental human rights defenders to be launched in 2022. In addition, this allows the Hub to bring together FAO and UNEP into a joint event during World Oceans Week 2021 to discuss directly with SSF representatives from South Africa key challenges. Towards the end of 2021, the collaboration with FAO has led to an ambitious joint programme of work to advance the human rights-based approach to small scale fisheries as part of the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022. The United Nations Environment Programme and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights participated in co-developing joint activities with FAO and the Hub for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022. The joint programme of work is meant to advance understanding of the multiple threats to the rights of small-scale fishers to have a voice in decisions affecting their lives, health, culture and livelihoods, and garner further support for small-scale fishers that act as environmental human rights defenders. The Hub will share key research insights and support small-scale fisheries representatives and advocates to voice their human rights concerns in preparation for a high-level event at World Ocean Week 2022, where relevant UN Special Rapporteurs will be invited to advance awareness of the need for a holistic approach to the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers and fishworkers by exploring how their respective UN mandates can contribute to enhancing the protection of the human rights of small-scale fishers. The UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment and the UN Special Rapporteur on Cultural Rights have already confirmed their participation in the high-level event. In addition, the Hub will organize a series of workshops in April 2022 on the integration of small-scale fishers' human rights, including in terms of customary laws and tangible/intangible cultural heritage, in Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. Local and international civil society organisations including Hen Mpoano, ICCA Consortium, and Environmental Justice Foundation, have all voiced interest in the Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea workshops that will also form part of the collaborative programme with the OHCHR, FAO and UNEP for 2022. In the late part of 2022, the Hub will also co-organize a workshop on fostering cooperation among relevant UN Bodies in the mutually supportive interpretation and implementation of the SSF Guidelines and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, as well as contribute with virtual art exhibitions. This joint programme of work has also furthered partnerships with various civil society organizations. WWF Accelerating Coastal Community Led Conservation Initiative for the Oceans Practice reached out to the Hub to join efforts for IYAFA, including shared communication, joint policy briefs, and shared learning outputs on the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries. WWF and One Ocean Hub are also expanding collaboration on inclusive blue economy and connecting researchers and activists working in both organisations on this topic. The Hub research on blue economy that focuses on the inclusion of invisible and marginalised knowledge, practices and economies, and social and environmental injustices, to inform and challenge, different management scenarios and economic marine planning complements the WWF work under the same topic. It particularly aligns well with the WWF work on improving the health of coastal ecosystems throughout the Coral Triangle, Western Indian Ocean, Mesoamerican Reef, and the Eastern Tropical Pacific through a bottom-up stakeholder and community engagement approach on the ground (https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/oceans). WWF further invited the One Ocean Hub to the Blue Food Alliance that aims to transform our food system to focus on health, justice, and environmental sustainability. In addition, Naturskyddsföreningen (Swedish Society for Nature Conservation), Blue Venture, the Too-Big-To-Ignore research programme, and the IUCN Specialist Group on People and the Ocean have approached the Hub to contribute to the programme of work for IYAFA. All these civil society partners have emphasised how crucial it is to bring clarity on the content of the human rights-based approach to small-scale fisheries and build the capacities of fisheries-related communities of practice to protect human rights in their work.
Collaborator Contribution FAO supported the development of the Guidelines on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) and had already run a pilot regional workshop on their implementation through legislation. FAO is a member of the Executive Team of the One Ocean Hub and based on the early findings from the Hub on the need to further clarify the human rights-based approach to fisheries (Morgera and Nakamura, 2021), FAO invited the Hub to co-develop a diagnostic tool, co-organize another regional workshop in Hub countries and develop further e-learning tools. FAO provided USD 37,450 of in-kind match funding from FAO consultants to support course development. To support the planning and the organisation of the joint programme for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries in 2022, the FAO and UNEP has also provided in-kind support, in the form of staff time. The expansion of the partnership to the High Commissioner for Human Rights is a first for the ocean community and will provide invaluable insights for the Hub researchers, and their UN and civil society partners on how to rely on the international human rights monitoring system to support small-scale fishers on the ground when governments are falling behind in implementing their international commitments. The partnership has brought together a new Hub's inter-disciplinary team that has connected research across disciplines and scales. University of Strathclyde, Law School, NMU, CCU and UNAM provide legal expertise. Rhodes, Cape Town University, UNAM and CCU provide sociological research co-developed with small-scale fishing communities. As an inter-disciplinary and cross-scale group we made significant progress towards channelling available legal, technical and strategic international support towards ocean-dependent communities in focus countries, as well as upscaling relevant findings to benefit other ODA-recipient countries. We contributed to focusing international support on SSF according to their needs as co-identified with Hub researchers. Our cross-scale approach has also opened pathways for marshalling international support towards, indigenous peoples and coastal communities negatively affected by blue economy initiatives ("ocean defenders"), and women and children negatively affected by unsustainable uses of the ocean. Support at the international level lends cachet to local advocacy efforts and influences systemic change at the national level. We achieved this progress by developing work programmes with international partners that are active across scales (national, regional and international), forming a nested approach to pathways to the Hub's national and international impact, and by: • co-developing research from the outset with international partners; • systematically sharing early findings through partners' ongoing capacity-building activities or co-developing new capacity-building activities, to engage in direct dialogue with their beneficiary country representatives; • proactively sharing early findings that contribute to international partners' own planning and agenda-setting activities; and • strategically utilising the strength of Hub partnerships with international organisations to leverage further support towards Hub objectives from other international partners. In doing so, we have built the capacity of: • South African, Ghanaian and Namibian community representatives to engage directly in international debates, while addressing their practical constraints and other, more pressing demands on their time; • communities to participate in national policy-making processes; • researchers to engage directly with international partners, as an essential skillset for researchers who have not yet worked across scales, so they can develop meaningful cross-scale networks; and • international partners and processes to adapt their modalities to accommodate community representatives' needs.
Impact E Morgera and J Nakamura, "Shedding a Light on the Human Rights of Small-scale Fisherfolk: Complementarities and Contrasts between the UN Declaration on Peasants' Rights and the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines" in Brunori et al, Commentary on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (Routledge, forth 2022; available on SSRN since 2021: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3850133) Two FAO e-learning courses: one when completed, to be launched in 2022; another is in development - will become available on the FAO E-learning Academy https://elearning.fao.org Blogposts summarising the events and engagements. • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks, https://oneoceanhub.org/small-scale-fisheries-and-blue-justice/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised a workshop on sustainable small-scale fisheries law: https://oneoceanhub.org/1939-2/ • Partnering with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/partnering-with-the-office-of-the-high-commissioner-for-human-rights-for-the-international-year-of-artisanal-fisheries/ • The Food and Agriculture Organization and the One Ocean Hub co-organised webinar on Namibia's small-scale fisheries, https://oneoceanhub.org/the-food-and-agriculture-organization-and-the-one-ocean-hub-co-organised-webinar-on-namibias-small-scale-fisheries/ Webinars • Small-Scale Fisheries and Blue Justice: Procedural and Substantive Rights of Fisherfolks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdbVNhHf6Q&t=2103s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions on Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hm-KkkVfAG8&t=24s • One Ocean Hub & Food and Agriculture Organization Information Sharing Sessions Namibia's Experience on Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on Small-Scale Fisheries (Day 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l69nH3Uh-5I&t=81s • Small-scale fishers and ocean well-being, an event for the UN World Ocean Week 2021, co-organised with FAO & UNEP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5yOIh-4ZpU&t=3992s • Professor Elisa Morgera and Dr Dylan McGarry presentations in for the Inaugural GNHRE-UNEP Summer/Winter School 2021 across three sessions: Environmental human rights defenders at the time of the pandemic: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-environmental-defenders-in-times-of-pandemic/ Participation as resistance: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-participation-as-resistance/ Marine environment, marine litter and human rights: https://gnhre.org/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-and-the-environment-the-2021-gnhre-unep-summer-winter-school/2021-summer-winter-school-the-marine-environment-marine-litter-and-human-rights/ Video output • Photo-story: Small-scale fishers and human rights, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhqzgSCjfug
Start Year 2021
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation Commonwealth of Learning (COL)
Country Canada 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation Heriot-Watt University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation Nelson Mandela University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation Rhodes University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation University of Plymouth
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation University of Seychelles
Country Seychelles 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description Building blue capacity across the globe 
Organisation University of the South Pacific, Laucala
Country Fiji 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One Ocean Hub project partner, the University of Seychelles, is leading the development and facilitation of four massive open online courses (MOOC) on the blue economy. The courses are being offered by Blue Economy Research Institute - University of Seychelles in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning. MOOCs have been developed by the University of Seychelles working with researchers from across the Hub network in conceptualizing parts of the course, developing and delivering modules. The University of Seychelles and the Commonwealth of Learning developed the overall concept and content outline and Hub researchers provided technical content collation and delivery. In total 15 Hub researchers contributed to develop a four-part Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) series on the Blue Economy, attracting around ~1500 participants (~46% women), from various continents and island nations. the online format was designed to enable inclusivity, operating across time zones and caring commitments. The series was run from Jun 2020 to April 2021, reaching over ~1500 participants in over ~70 countries globally. On average ~98% of post-course survey respondents indicated they would recommend the MOOC to colleagues. Courses have drawn on expertise from across all Hub regions and disciplines: Dr Holly Niner, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. (Teaching Assistant for the MOOC). OOH Knowledge Exchange Fellow Prof Kerry Howell, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Co-Director Dr Kirsty McQuaid, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Post Doctoral Researcher Prof Martin Attril, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher Prof Mathew Upton, University of Plymouth, Marine Conservation Research Group. OOH Researcher. Dr Dylan McGarry, Rhodes University, South Africa. Environmental Learning Research Centre. OOH Co-Director Dr Alex Winkler, Rhodes University, South Africa. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science. OOH ResearcherProf Pierre-Jean Bordahandy, the University of South Pacific. OOH Researcher Prof Rose Boswell, Nelson Mandela University, Research Chair in Ocean Cultures and Heritage. OOH Researcher Dr Bernadette Snow, University of Strathclyde, OOH Deputy Director Mia Strand, Nelson Mandela University. Department of Development Studies. OOH PhD Student Dr Daniela Diz, Heriot Watt University, School of Energy and Geoscience. OOH Researcher Prof Elisa Morgera, University of Strathclyde. OOH Director and PI Mrs Kelly Hoareau, Blue Economy Research Institute, Seychelles (former Director). OOH Researcher.
Collaborator Contribution The Commonwealth of Learning empowers people through learning that leads to economic growth, social inclusion and environmental conservation. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government in 1987 to promote the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. COL's greatest impact is in supporting efforts to provide Commonwealth citizens greater access to quality education and training through open, distance and technology-enabled learning, thereby allowing them to benefit from improved livelihoods, greater gender equity and overall economic, social and cultural development leading to sustainable development. The COL hosts a MOOC platform that provides a good learning experience at low bandwidth and offline where necessary. The COL partnered with University of Seychelles on the development of a MOOC series composed of four parts: • MOOC1: The Blue Economy: Sustainability, innovation and our ocean (Jun 2020) • MOOC2: The Blue Economy: Creating an Enabling Environment (Aug 2020) • MOOC3: The Blue Economy: Blue Resources (Jan 2021) • MOOC4: The Blue Economy: Blue Space (March 2021) This MOOCs introduced key blue economy sectors that can be developed, for example, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology. The course also explores some of the key considerations that influence the sustainability of individual sectors and blue economy strategies as a whole, such as gender equality and human rights. The course is hosted on the COL MOOCs for Development Website, and facilitated via the Commonwealth of Learning. Relevant links: https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy1 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy2 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy3 https://www.mooc4dev.org/BlueEconomy4
Impact This partnership has led to the development of 17 modules as part of the series of MOOCs on the Blue Economy. Benefitting from the interdisciplinary global network of the One Ocean Hub, these MOOCs take an interdisciplinary holistic view of the Blue Economy, across key sectors for blue economy development: Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Renewable Energy, Seabed Mining and Marine Biotechnology, and they also build in crosscutting issues linked to sustainability, governance, finance, culture and gender. This is an introductory course for persons from various backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. The One Ocean Hub' modules for the MOOC series include: 1. The Blue Economy and the Law of the Sea by Associate Professor Daniela Diz (Heriot-Watt University, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmgfBWEiLDg 2. Natural Capital and the Blue Economy by Dr Sian Rees (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=YD3RUBlwFCE&feature=youtu.be 3. Integrated Ocean Management by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKm03jOf7Is 4. Integrated Ocean Management: South African Case Study by Dr Bernadette Snow (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=fx0c4nxSgl0&feature=youtu.be 5. Applying a systems analysis approach to support Integrated Ocean Management and Marine Spatial Planning in Algoa Bay, South Africa by Dr Estee Vermeulen (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUZv-eGaZLM 6. Knowledge Co-Production by Mia Strand (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfErzDwW6ms 7. Human Rights and the Blue Economy by Professor Elisa Morgera ( University of Strathclyde, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv4xHRoRJI0 8. Gender, Culture and the Blue Economy by Professor Rose Boswell (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbfBHU8QObY 9. Division of Labour Case Study by Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, South Africa). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GYQ10m-CKo 10. Sustainable Fisheries by Dr Alexander Winkler (Rhodes University, South Africa) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAa9IlCCxLo 11. Deep Seabed Mining Part 1 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtFnDpK02-Y 12. Deep Seabed Mining Part 2 by Dr Kirsty McQuaid (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwvQXWAY-Gg 13. Offshore Renewable Energy by Professor Martin Attrill ( University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZHgsRmEbng 14. Marine Biotechnology by Professor Kerry Howell (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMu3kLIKUoI 15. Case Study: Marine Biotechnology by Professor Mathew Upton (University of Plymouth, UK) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P0uw8Hm_eI 16. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 1 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjMLX8E7h_s 17. Maritime Transport and Ports Part 2 by Associate Professor Pierre Jean Bordahandy (University of South Pacific, Fiji). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEt_LQEtXrM A blogpost summarising researchers' reflection on the MOOC series can be found here: https://oneoceanhub.org/reflections-on-the-blue-economy-massive-open-online-course-series/ Disciplines Involved: Law Anthropology Art Marine Science Sociology Development Studies
Start Year 2020
 
Description COLLABORATION IN DEVELOPING THE ALGOA MARINE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS TOOL (AlgoaMSAT) 
Organisation Nelson Mandela University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of multi-funded Algoa Bay project: A government-funded Community of Practice project is designed to develop a marine plan for a pilot site (Algoa Bay) in South Africa. This project aims to develop a local-scale case Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) plan for Algoa Bay that will inform the development of Marine Area Plans for the four larger areas that will be consolidated into the National MSP. Within this, the Hub specifically is contributing to systems modelling for the project, and offshore ecosystem mapping and valuation.
Collaborator Contribution The foundation of a healthy marine environment is central both in reducing carbon and helping people to adapt and mitigate the impacts of climate change. Algoa Bay, South Africa, features a metropolitan area, protected natural area, and hosts a range of marine uses that are closely interconnected with the health of the marine system. Future trajectories of marine uses and related marine sustainability goals will develop according to shifting needs of various sectors operating in the bay. This project has explored these trends and the underlying feedback effects driving changes between marine uses and the marine environment by developing the Algoa Marine Systems Analysis Tool (AlgoaMSAT), an exploratory system dynamics model. The development of the model is led by researchers at Nelson Mandela University and include collaboration with partners from research institutions in South Africa (Rhodes University, National Research Foundation, South African Environmental Observation Network, and South African International Maritime Institute), five local and state institutions (the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality; South African Maritime Safety Authority; South Africa Department of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries; Nelson Mandela Bay Maritime Cluster; and Nelson Mandela Bay Tourism) and five non-profit organisations (Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds; Sustainable Seas Trust; South African National Parks; Bayworld and CEN). Throughout 2021 stakeholder engagement was completed in three stages (1) one-one meetings, (2) Group Mapping Meeting, (3) Final model demonstration and product sharing workshop with state and non-state organisations listed above. The model is used to investigate trends and the sustainability of selected marine uses under alternative scenarios over time. System dynamics modelling (SDM) is the primary modelling method adopted in this study. Model development was conducted using Stella Architect software on a Windows system. The modelling stage entailed consultation with stakeholders, and iteratively parameterising, simulating, revising, verification and validating the model. This project has enabled the co-production of this online tool with stakeholders to assess ability to respond to climate change through human, legal/policy, and environmental resources, integrating social sciences, climate science, conservation biology, social-ecological systems, and ecology. An impact expansion project using information from AlgoaMSAT further explored, impact and scenarios of COVID on the tourism industry in the Bay (led by Nelson Mandela University). The model and visual user interface was recognised by being awarded First Place in the 4th Annual South African System Dynamics competition (2021) and winning the Global Challenges University Alliance (GCUA 2030) Award.
Impact This project produced new and novel decision-support tools in support of integrated ocean management processes, such as Marine Spatial Planning, in response to the growing need to acknowledge and better manage complex human-ocean interactions in the face of changing climate. The AlgoaMSAT model integrates different uses of marine spaces including shipping, mariculture, fishing, tourism and recreation and land discharge activities. See: https://exchange.iseesystems.com/public/esteevermeulen/the-algoa-marine-systems-analysis-tool-algoamsat-user-interface/index.html#page1. The additional output of the research project and in complement to the AlgoaMSAT model is the visual user interface (VUI) that has been developed for purpose of providing a 'user-friendly' portal to engage with the model, specifically for users who are unfamiliar with the method of SDM or do not have access to the model software. Decision-makers or stakeholders can therefore investigate model scenarios by adjusting the inclusive model variables through 'levers' on the interface. The VUI can additionally be used in a multi- sectoral stakeholder setting, whereby stakeholders representing different marine uses can implement alternative management interventions and thereby compare scenarios. See: https://www.algoabayproject.com/abcodym. The project is also unique due to its inter-and trans-diciplinary nature, involving researchers from different disciplines (economic, sociology, marine science) and working with stakeholders including representatives of small-scale fishers, businesses, government institutions and non-profit organisations. The involvement of stakeholders in the project that assisted in model formulation and verification provided 'real-world' representation of the social-ecological marine system in Algoa Bay and insights on how the model can be applied in a sectoral and multi-sectoral stakeholder setting to support collaborative engagement and planning during integrated ocean management and marine spatial planning processes. Algoa Bay model: https://www.algoabayproject.com/abcodym User Interface: https://exchange.iseesystems.com/public/esteevermeulen/the-algoa-marine-systems-analysis-tool-algoamsat-user-interface/index.html#page1 Clifford-Holmes, J.K., Lombard, A.T., Snow., B. Adopting Participatory System Dynamics to Explore Tourism Recovery Strategies in Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Snow B, Rivers N. Reimaging ocean stewardship and management: arts-based approaches to integrating indigenous and local knowledge in marine spatial planning. Frontiers (forthcoming) Concept Note: A regional Marine Spatial Planning strategy for the Western Indian Oceanhttps://nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/WIO%20MSP%20Policy%20Brief_6%20Oct2021.pdf Sans frontières - Ocean and Coastal Sustainability of the Western Indian Oceanhttps://www.nairobiconvention.org/clearinghouse/sites/default/files/Sans%20fronti%C3%A8res%20-%20Ocean%20and%20Coastal%20Sustainability%20of%20the%20Western%20Indian%20Ocean.pdf Stakeholder engagement in Marine Spatial Planning (MSP): the Why, Who, When and How. African perspectives from Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Benin and Ghana. WIOGEN Ocean Governance Conference 27-29 October (2021). First Place in the 4th Annual South African System Dynamics competition (2021) https://systemdynamics.org/event/4th-annual-system-dynamics-competition-by-the-south-africa-system-dynamics-chapter/. The Global Challenges University Alliance (GCUA 2030) Award https://www.slu.se/en/ew-news/2022/1/gcua-2030-award-finalists/.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CONNECTING EFFORTS ON EQUITY IN OCEAN SCIENCE AND GOVERNANCE INTERNATIONALLY 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Ocean Nexus is a research centre funded by the Nippon Foundation of Japan that supports more inclusive ocean governance, so that it includes the voices of ocean communities. The partnership between Ocean Nexus and the Hub started in November 2021 at the initiative of Ocean Nexus, which invited the Hub to deliver a presentation on ocean plastics and human rights at a webinar for the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development on ocean plastics and equity ("The Equity Puzzle of Ocean Litter" on 17 November 2021). This panel was presented by Ocean Voices, a UN Ocean Decade-endorsed action program within the Nippon Foundation Ocean Nexus Center. The panel provided an opportunity for the Hub to connect with other research projects and civil-society initiatives in other regions. It will be followed up in 2022 with the co-development of a joint programme of work on ocean plastics and equity for the UN Decade. The preparatory conversation for the event led Ocean Nexus to identify other related areas of international collaboration with the Hub, in relation to the UN Decade in particular, on which to complement respective research and stakeholder engagements, in recognition of the unique contributions of the Hub on human rights and innovative transdisciplinary methodologies. The areas of future collaboration encompass: (1) research co-development, (3) rights of the child, and (4) blue economy. In February 2022, the Hub and Ocean Nexus planned a joint seminar on research co-development (scheduled in May 2022) for the UN Decade for Ocean Science, which will showcase Hub research to: unveil the policy and legal dimension to co-development in research (legal obligations, including from a human rights perspective, on how to do research), highlight responsibility of donors to promote good practices and transformative ocean science through co-development; and advance understanding about complexities at local level in co-development of research (e.g. the importance of code of ethics, legal components in research to protect stakeholders, the need for meaningful engagement with stakeholder - not the usual 'stakeholder consultation'). The Hub and Ocean Nexus are also planning to co-organise a seminar on innovative and equitable approaches to marine spatial planning (in May/June 2022) for the UN Decade.
Collaborator Contribution Ocean Nexus seeks to advance ocean research on equity, with projects also in African countries. It has an extensive international network of partners and already an established position within the UN Decade for Ocean Science. It is leading the UN Decade Programme "Ocean Voices - Advancing equity through the Decade" that focuses on inter-disciplinary solutions-oriented research to advancing understanding of problems facing ocean-dependent communities (see: https://oceannexus.uw.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/33/2021/11/16_Ocean-Voices_Factsheet.pdf). Ocean Nexus expressed willingness to amplify the key messages and methods arising from the One Ocean Hub as original and innovative in the international ocean research landscape, as it shares the same ethos of the Hub to ensure complementarity and avoid duplication of efforts among different research projects. The One Ocean Hub has initially been asked to share expertise, findings and approaches on human rights via the University of Strathclyde. For the time being, Hub Director Elisa Morgera has been recognized as a Research Associate of Ocean Nexus (https://oceannexus.uw.edu/about/people/fellows/), which is described as: "The associates are passionate and open-mind to the critical perspectives and sincere to our goal to promote community voices and needs while maintaining academic rigor to continue the effort rather than providing one-stop tools or guidelines. Ocean Nexus honors those researchers who are pushing the boundary in research and recognize that ocean issues are equity/equality issues and we must act reflexively on our past and current injustice and inequality for urgent changes in systemic and structural injustice." In 2022 it is expected that other Hub research partners will be involved in the partnerships with Ocean Nexus (notably Rhodes University, Nelson Mandela University and Plymouth University on arts-based approaches, research co-development, marine spatial planning and blue economy). For instance, for the proposed co-organized workshop on research co-development for the UN Decade for Ocean Science, the One Ocean Hub's contributions will focus on: the process of co-developing the Hub's Code of Practice and learning from its implementation, and on innovative practices and arts-based approaches to transdisciplinary research and stakeholder engagement. Ocean Nexus has also committed to provide funding to the One Ocean Hub to advance the collaboration: they will provide funding for a shared 2-year postdoc starting in 2023 (to be based at the One Ocean Hub) to focus on human rights of the children and ocean-related health issues. Ocean Nexus has also facilitated connections between: a postdoctoral researcher based at Ocean Nexus who is conducting research on human rights in fisheries in Ghana with the One Ocean Hub's Ghana team to explore collaboration on sustainable fisheries (see other entry under Collaborations); and Hub researchers working on blue economy with Ocean Nexus team who is working on UNEP Blue Economy Index, with a view to supporting Hub research to inform the development of the Index. In addition, as Ocean Nexus's focus region for blue economy research is the Caribbean, which aligns with the Hub's legacy in the same region, Ocean Nexus is interested to build upon the Hub's research findings and experience in conducting research on blue economy in South Africa, Ghana, and Namibia to support jointly cross-regional learning.
Impact The first output of this partnership is the organisation of Ocean Nexus Center's UN Decade of Ocean Science event "The Equity Puzzle of Ocean Litter" on 17 November 2021. Reported under Engagement. See: https://oceannexus.uw.edu/our-community/un-decade-of-ocean-science-for-sustainable-development/event-the-equity-problem-of-ocean-litter/ In 2022 the Hub and Ocean Nexus is planning to organise two seminars for Ocean Decade of Science for Sustainable Development on research co-development (May 2022) and (2) innovative and equitable approaches to Marine Spatial Planning (May/June 2022). Ocean Nexus and the Hub collaboration on marine plastics will produce publication(s) for a special edition with Marine Policy on this topic, and a join programme of work for the UN Decade.
Start Year 2021
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation Environmental Justice Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation Nelson Mandela University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation Rhodes University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organisation
Country Italy 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation University of Cape Coast
Country Ghana 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation University of Cape Town
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation University of Namibia
Country Namibia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary network within the Hub, connecting research across disciplines, scales, and country-focus. This includes connecting early career researchers interested in the themes of customary law and (in)tangible heritage, including seventeen early career researchers based at universities in the Caribbean, Ghana, Scotland, South Africa, and the South Pacific. This partnership has contributed to knowledge sharing and partnerships across different country-focused research as well as connecting country-specific research to international-focused research via the Hub's International Impact Working Group. This has ensured that customary laws and (in)tangible heritage is fully integrated into conversations across the Hub at all levels. The collaboration has led to three webinars. The first, for UN World Oceans Week 2020, was titled "Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation" (11 June 2020) and brought together three scholars examining the impacts and legacies of colonisation and decolonisation on the customs and rights of coastal communities in three case studies across Australia, the Pacific Northwest (the US), and South Africa, and the role that the law plays in the development and dismantling of colonial institutions that continue to have an impact on ocean governance. The second webinar "Domestic Customary Law and Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches" (28 September 2020) was organised as a session for UNDOALOS Nippon Fellow Network. This webinar focused on an introduction to domestic customary laws of the coast and sea within the context of ocean governance. This included eight speakers-a mixture of One Ocean Hub researchers and Nippon Fellow Alumni-who provided their perspectives on this issue across distinctive disciplinary (including law, political ecology, anthropology, and history) and regional (including Ghana, South Africa, the Caribbean, and Fiji) contexts. The third webinar, for UN World Oceans Week 2021, was titled "Canoe Culture & Heritage in Ghana" (9 June 2021), which brought together Hub researchers from Strathclyde, Cape Coast, and Nelson Mandela Universities to examine canoe culture as a representation of adaptive maritime cultures, which have been altered and transformed to not only weather social, economic, and technological shifts but also to absorb and thrive over periods of change. The panel discussed that these vessels, which connect marine and terrestrial spaces in coastal Ghana, are an inherent part of the customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of the coast and sea. The Network's work on The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage involved collaboration with more than 25 authors worldwide, including scholars from Australia, US, Seychelles and Goa, India. The editing of the book was a novel inter-disciplinary collaboration between Hub researchers, Professor Rosabelle Boswell, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), anthropology, and Professor Jeremy Hills, University of South Pacific (Fiji), ocean policy. The individual chapters also brought together Hub researchers that hadn't published together before, from different disciplines: Dr Bola Erinosho (Cape Coast University), Anthea (Nelson Mandela University) and Professor Elisa Morgera (Strathclyde University) from law, Dr Jackie Sunde (Cape Town University) from fisheries policy, and Dr Laura Major, Dr Saskia Vermeylen (Strathclyde University) from anthropology offered a detailed analysis on the challenges of integrating customary law and ocean governance, drawing on key case law in South Africa and Ghana. Dr David Wilson (Strathclyde University, history), Dr Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Dr John Ansah (Cape Coast University, sociology) provided detailed analysis on the narratives of non-compliance in Tuesday non-fishing day in Ghana. Professor Jeremy Hills (University of South Pacific, environmental science) with Kevin Chand (Blue Ocean Law, law), Dr Mimi George (Holau Vaka Taumako Association, anthropology), Elise Huffer (University of South Pacific, cultural economics), Dr Jale Samuwai (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, resilience financing analyst) Dr Kati Soapi (Pacific Community, marine science) and Dr Anita Smith (the Australian delegation on the World Heritage Committee, archaeology) on blue heritages in the Pacific, including indigenous epistemology among seafarers in the region. Dr Jessica Thornton (Nelson Mandela University, anthropology) and Dr Ryan Pillay (Nelson Mandela University, arts & culture), offered a chapter on the consequences of the marine protected area for vulnerable communities and indigenes in Tsitsikamma, South Africa. Dr Dylan McGarry (Rhodes University, educational sociologist), Dr Kira Erwin (Durban University of Technology, urban sociologist), Dr Taryn Pereira (Rhodes University, environmental science) and Neil Coppen's (writer, director) chapter examined the role of narrative and theatre in storytelling and coastal justice. They offered a sensitive account of the role of empatheatre in sharing human emotional experience of the sea. In addition, other parts of the book advanced international collaboration with authors and researchers beyond the Hub. The collaborators included: George Abungu, UNESCO cultural specialist and former director of The National Museum of Kenya, David O'Kane Max Planck Institute Germany who wrote on ocean policy in Sierra Leone, Marian de Haan scholar from Zanzibar, Anezia Asse archaeologist from Mozambique, Godfrey Baldacchino island specialist and professor at Malta University, Penda Choppy Seychelles University, Lynn Harris historian, University of North Carolina, Curtis Marean palaeontologist at the State University of Arizona, Pedro Pombo anthropologist Goa University and Isabel Hofmeyr Emeritus professor Witwatersrand University and Charne Lavery, UCT both of whom wrote on oceanic humanities and the place of heritage in this narrative. In 2022, the Network is expected to consolidate further external partnerships, notably with international NGOs and indigenous peoples' networks, through the workshop series that is included in the Hub's join programme with FAO and High Commissioner for Human Rights for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. There has also been interest expressed by Ghanaian NGOs Hen Mpoano and Environmental Justice Foundation, the international organizations ICCA Consortium and Earth Law Center. The seminar series will encompass five half-day sessions, focused on exploring customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within the context of ocean governance and, particularly, within the context of Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments, Marine Protected Areas, and Marine Spatial Planning. The first workshop will focus scene-setting and baseline setting, inviting collaborators and Hub researchers to share their perspectives on these issues with insight from specific contexts / ongoing research. This session focuses on discussing current developments and recent questions surrounding these issues. The subsequent workshops will then be thematic, drawing from the discussion of the first workshop but with an envisioned focus on consultation, human rights, boundaries, and capacity building. With the planned workshops, we will continue to push for the need to centre customary laws and (in)tangible heritage of coastal communities within ocean governance processes by connecting the developing research on this theme within the Hub with our partners. In March 2022, the Network is also organising a conference on African maritime history, "Charting African Waterscapes: A Conference on African Maritime History Across Time and Space." This is the first conference dedicated to this theme in the past decade. While this conference brings together scholars working on diverse aspects of African maritime history across chronological, geographical, and thematic barriers, it remains rooted in the issues of colonialism, law, and (in)tangible heritage that have become central to discussions within the Network. Contributors to this conference are drawn from researchers working in universities across Africa, China, Europe, and the United States. This will result in an edited volume exploring the most recent developments in the field of African maritime history, which is an essential contribution to any understanding of maritime governance in Africa given that the last volume to explore this theme was published in 2009.
Impact Blogposts summarising key issues being raised across the webinars. • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part One), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-one/ • Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea Research Group-The Story So Far (Part Two), https://oneoceanhub.org/customary-laws-of-the-coast-and-sea-research-group-the-story-so-far-part-two/ • A Brief History of Colonisation, Customary Law, and Indigenous Marine Dispossession, https://oneoceanhub.org/a-brief-history-of-colonisation-customary-law-and-indigenous-marine-dispossession/ Webinars • Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Domestic Customary Law & Ocean Governance: An Introduction to Different Perspectives and Approaches, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLbzn-lQV0E • Canoe Culture and Heritage in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdWFQ9Znank • Dr Jackie Sunde - Decolonizing Marine Governance and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=sDNbvXSvLDU&t=4s • Dr Saskia Vermeylen - The Saltwater Collection and Sea Rights https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=zXhSIIB7-OM • Dr Joshua L. Reid - From "Fishing Together" to "To Fish in Common With" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV3NiBdocHE Video output • The nexus between Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ocean Governance in Ghana, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Opi9ejkLjT0 Publications • Rosabelle Boswell (ed.), Blue Heritage: Global Perspectives on Ocean Histories and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, under contract, expected 2022).
Start Year 2020
 
Description CUSTOMARY LAW FOR THE OCEAN 
Organisation University of the West Indies
Country Barbados 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The "Customary Laws of the Coast and Sea" Research Network formed in 2020 as a means to bring together One Ocean Hub researchers and collaborators interested in customary laws within an ocean governance context. The Network has included researchers working across multiple Hub research programmes and country-specific programmes who are based in Barbados, Fiji, Ghana, Namibia, Scotland, Solomon Islands, and South Africa. Their disciplinary backgrounds include anthropology, education, environmental and geographical science, history, law, political economy, and sociology. A number of themes have emerged from discussions within this group, particularly: legal pluralism and the status of customary laws within national, regional, and international legal systems; the ongoing legacies of attempts to codify, manipulate, or construct customary laws within non-customary legal structures; the problems and opportunities of recognition; the disconnect between customary laws on the ground and on the books; the relationality of customary laws; and the challenges and opportunities of researcher-community partnerships focused on customary law issues. These themes were explored in 2020-2021 in webinars for World Oceans Week and capacity-building events in partnership with the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (see separate entry under Collaborations). In 2021, the Network collaborated to produce The Palgrave Handbook on Blue Heritage. The book deconstructs hegemonic values attached to the oceans and the role of national governments in advancing inclusive and transformative ocean governance. It begins with key inputs from global ocean scholars on oceans in human evolution, the place of islands and coasts in human imagination and how humanities and heritage scholarship has engaged with the oceanic identities. The handbook offers a nuanced, region relevant, contemporary conceptualisation of blue heritage, discussing what will be required to achieve an inclusive oceans economy by 2063, the end goal date of the African Union's Agenda 2063. The analysis will be useful to established academics in the field of ocean studies, policymakers and practitioners engaged in research on the ocean economy, as well as graduate scholars in the ocean sciences. The book is in Press and will be published in 2022. In 2022, the Network is developing an ambitious programme of workshops on customary laws and (in)tangible heritage within ocean governance as part of the One Ocean Hub's programme for International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA), with the support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
Collaborator Contribution The partnership has brought together a new inter-disciplinary net