Safeguarding Pollination Services in a Changing World: theory into practice (SURPASS2)

Lead Research Organisation: UK Ctr for Ecology & Hydrology fr 011219
Department Name: Biodiversity (Wallingford)

Abstract

Insect pollinators have undergone declines across the world, a result of factors including intensive agriculture, habitat loss, climate change and invasive species. This represents a major concern in Latin America (LATAM) where it threatens economically important crops and wider biodiversity. The impact of these losses in LATAM remains poorly understood, undermining the capacity to develop policies vital to mitigate pollinator losses and support both agricultural production and wider ecosystem health. A new, coherent evidence base is required, that considers impacts on individual species, their distributions and populations, the landscapes they persist in and their unique capacities to deliver pollination to different crops. Without this it will not be possible to develop the applied experimental and modelling solutions policy makers need to deliver sustainable farming economies. This proposal builds on Newton Phase 1 project SURPASS, an international collaboration between 37 participants, that identified knowledge gaps, issues, and research areas that prioritise conservation and sustainable use of LATAM pollinators. The SURPASS2 goal is to deliver evidence for the creation of resilient pollination services for sustainable economic growth, improved human health and wellbeing as well as positive environmental and agricultural outcomes. This will be addressed by five main objectives, co-designed with academics and stakeholders that establish interconnected work packages that build capacity to manage pollination services and provide tangible outcomes. Our goals will be delivered through 4 work packages:

WP1) Monitoring populations and understanding their distributions: before any effective solution can be developed to manage LATAM pollinators it is crucial that we understand the current distribution of species and develop and trial approaches for long term monitoring. Only by understanding where pollinators can be found can we develop applied solutions to manage them. We will design a standardised framework to assess the status and trends of pollinator populations through existing and new monitoring schemes, including citizen science.

WP2) How does the environment in which pollinators live affect them, and how does this affect capacity to provide crop pollination: Land use change and land management represent fundamental factors affecting pollinator populations. We will undertake detailed landscape scale experiments across LATAM focusing on production of economically significant crops to understand how landscape management affects pollinators and the pollination services they supply. This will provide data for models and help growers, land managers and policy makers to optimise pollination to sustainably increase crop yields and quality. We will also quantify how invasive species of pollinators impact on wild and native insect pollinators and plants.

WP3) Understanding national scale deficits in pollination for key crops identifying areas where pollination services are at high risk. Using cutting edge satellite imagery we will map nationally the occurrence of key insect pollinated crops. We will link this data to the distribution of insect pollinator communities to assess if these populations provide adequate pollination, as well as modelling how resilient these communities are to species losses. As each species of insect pollinator is unique their loss can have potentially huge consequences for agricultural production.

WP4) Develop a national scale predictive framework to support policy goals of maximising benefits for agricultural productivity provided by pollination. This will integrate results from WP1-3 to model pollinator communities to develop effective strategies for decision making processes for different stakeholders that benefit from insect pollination. This will provide the framework to work with stakeholders to produce a roadmap for maximising pollination services and long term monitoring in LATAM.

Planned Impact

Healthy and resilient ecosystems underpin human well-being and quality of life. Pollinators contribute to plant reproduction in natural and managed ecosystems which supports food security, local and national economies, and provides wider biodiversity and ecosystem benefits (IPBES, Aichi targets, UN SDGs). Data on wild pollinators needed to inform management strategies is a gap for food provisioning and biodiversity relevant to UN SDG 2: Zero Hunger. SURPASS2 will provide tools to configure landscapes for maximal ecosystem service provision and to optimise natural resource based economies. The major output of the project will be managed and wild bee population valuation and decision support tools. SURPASS2 will also foster communications between diverse stakeholders; through the above tools it will empower growers and food supply chains to make more informed land management decisions; and inform policy makers to improve decisions for ecosystem and livelihood resilience. We will identify opportunities to incorporate new knowledge / tools to develop landscape scale management approaches. This will not be a singularly "top-down" approach and we will aim to empower smallholders and help local communities make healthy and sustainable decisions to take action toward their wellbeing and economic development. SURPASS2 will also offer improvements to the future cultural and social recognition of the vital roles that pollinators, and those that work with them, play in sustaining crop production and ecosystem functioning. This will lead to greater public engagement in efforts to conserve pollination services across LATAM regions. We will initiate and exploit opportunities to share research outcomes with the following sectors:

National and regional government departments, policy makers and regulators (e.g. Environment, Agriculture & Science ministries; Agricultural & National Forestry services). Our mechanistic, evidence based predictions of the impacts of landscape management at multiple scales, will support policy decisions and provide guidelines to implement nature-based solutions that maximise ecosystem benefits within both natural and agricultural systems.

Farming communities, land managers & beekeepers (e.g. farmers, farmers associations, amateur, indigenous & commercial beekeepers). We will engage communities to explore how different management practices and landscape configuration/ management and enhance crop yields, hive products and health and improve knowledge of wider ecosystem benefits. This will help foster attitude changes and increase awareness.

Agri-food sector actors (e.g. agrochemical companies, wholesalers, processors, retailers). We will engage with supply chains to highlight the impacts of different practices and attitudes on nature based economies, catalyse the development of shared best practice & encourage responsible market demands.

NGOS/Conservation bodies/Learned Societies (e.g. Pollination & Biodiversity recording networks, bee conservation trusts, ecological societies) will be able to use the project outputs to inform conservation management practices (nationally & internationally) and provide evidence to enhance their broader policy and advocacy work.

General public. The importance of pollinators and their conservation has attracted wide public interest, and received great attention from the international media. Communicating the observed and potential impacts of environmental change based on objective, science based evidence is crucial. A diverse range of public outreach activities events will enable us to directly communicate our project findings and wider information with the general public, both adults and children.

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NE/S011870/2 Transfer NE/S011870/1 02/12/2019 01/12/2021 £912,810
 
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Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact A large dataset of Chilean flower visitors (insects) with 12,001 records from 118 species of 21 families belonging to four orders (Hymenoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera, and Coleoptera), comprising over a century of data. Contains samples from six major institutions in Chile (National Museum of Natural History, University of Chile, Metropolitan University of Education Sciences, Austral University of Chile, the Chilean Agricultural and Livestock Bureau, and Luis Peña's private entomological collection). 
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Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Plan to share with wider expert group in late 2020/2021 
 
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Impact A new dataset of 36,010 bee records collected since 1917 now published on GBIF - Original data for multiple uses This is the largest wild bee database for Chile 
URL https://www.gbif.org/dataset/3bccb697-4ccc-4d46-848a-79cb06946e5c
 
Description Soybean field owner and manager collaboration - Worked in Abra Rica 
Organisation Iowa Soybean Association
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Sector Charity/Non Profit 
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Description Article about the protection of nature 
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Description Chilean Bioblitz Challenge 
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Description EXPLORA students FIT Count trial 
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URL https://bee-surpass.org/blog/
 
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Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
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URL https://digital.elmercurio.com/2020/12/13/RVDG/IB3T07IE#zoom=page-width
 
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Description Image gallery and article published on https://laderasur.com/ 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
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Description Instagram story 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
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This is a follow-up from my previous visit to El Parque Papas in 2020
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URL https://www.instagram.com/p/CKzPMWRjTXK/?utm_source=ig_web_copy_link
 
Description Interview for National Geographic Magazine about global bee decline study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article featured on National Geographic Society magazine and translated to several languages including Spanish and Portuguese

6,000,000 circulation (2015 figure)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2021/01/we-havent-seen-quarter-of-known-bee-species-since...
 
Description Interview for The Scientist about global bee decline study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
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Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
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1,000,000 circulation
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Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
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Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
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300K circulation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/environment/2021/01/22/global-bees-decline-one-four-species-vanishes-pub...
 
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Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
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50K circulation
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URL https://www.agenciasinc.es/Noticias/Las-abejas-tambien-desaparecen-de-los-registros
 
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Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
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URL https://www.sciencenews.org/article/collectors-find-plenty-bees-fewer-species-than-1950s
 
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Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
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Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Live interview on prime time news segment at EuroNews Network
10m audience
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URL https://youtu.be/ZqLYx9fBUQU
 
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Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
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URL https://youtu.be/BG-amfwQBPk
 
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URL https://www.instagram.com/p/CGdwchVJt6J/
 
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Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://bee-surpass.org/
 
Description Pollinators, dispersers and their role in ecosystems 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
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The number of people reached might vary since the material is available online
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://aumen.cl/2020/2-mate-cientifico/
 
Description SURPASS2 on Instagram 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Started an Instagram Channel for SURPASS to distribute information and images
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.instagram.com/bee_surpass2/
 
Description Sharing strength and building capacity for developing high quality monitoring 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk at University of Valparaiso, Chile
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Summary of attention drawn by global bee decline study 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
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2m potential audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.altmetric.com/details/98604804
 
Description Talk about SURPASS2 at SOLATINA (Latin-American Society for Bee Research) 2020 Worksjo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of SURPASS project to SOLATINA members
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://solatina.org/
 
Description V ACOVISI Symposium "Sociocultural Challenges of Conservation in Chile " - Importance, conservation status and recovery actions of Bombus dahlbomii, our native bumblebee: in a sociocultural context 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Webinar , importance, conservation status and recovery actions of Bombus dahlbomii,

The number of people reached might vary since the material is available online
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=424986641797770