"UK" Green Infrastructure for roadside air quality mitigation: unblocking a UK policy impasse

Lead Research Organisation: University of Birmingham
Department Name: Sch of Geography, Earth & Env Sciences

Abstract

This Innovation project for impact will bring together policy and practice leaders concerned with how planning decisions affect urban air quality. The overarching aim is to make a software platform for the quantitative assessment of Green Infrastructure as an aid to the improvement of roadside air quality. We call this platform GI4RAQ. Our particular objectives can be summarised as:
1. to provide a consolidated, open-source, computer modelling code for roadside air pollution in urban settings based on our existing research code.
2. to co-design of a fit-for-purpose, simple, and attractive GI4RAQ platform for urban practitioners as a front-end to the consolidated model code.
3. to demonstrate that the GI4RAQ platform can unlock a critical impasse in current planning policy and so enable capacity-building on the regulatory and consultancy sides of the planning process.

We will work with major influencers in the private and public sectors, which offers a rapid and cost-effective route to meaningful impact. Specifically, we will work with Transport for London and the Greater London Authority to influence the next issue of the London Plan. To be released towards the end of 2019, a proposed new policy requiring larger-scale developments to be 'Air Quality Positive' may be implemented, but only if tools exist to evidence such a result at planning.

We will work with the UK's leading air quality consultants, Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants (CERC) and Ricardo Energy & Environment, to ensure that the GI4RAQ platform is fit for operational use and that it can be used alongside current Air Quality tools. London's 33 Local Authorities must ensure their Local Plans conform to the London Plan, and Authorities across the UK look to the London Plan in preparing their own Local Plans, both of which provide cascading impact for our proposed work.

The project is designed to dovetail with 'WM Air', a large multi-partner programme focused on West Midlands' air quality led by the University of
Birmingham. The GI4RAQ Principal Investigator leads the work stream on green infrastructure in WM Air alongside GI4RAQ partner Birmingham City Council, thereby ensuring rapid knowledge transfer between research and practice in London and Birmingham.

The project will establish a robust approach to 'GI4RAQ' interventions to deliver reliable improvements in roadside air quality, based on quantitative computer modelling but avoiding the time and expense of full fluid flow simulations. The approach develops directly out of a NERC Innovation Pathfinder, which established that a strong demand for quantitative GI4RAQ exists, but also identified the policy impasse, and a placement of the researcher co-Investigator in Transport for London.

Planned Impact

Impact will be manifested in verifiable changes to behaviour in planning, making a material difference to: local authority capability; developer and architect costs; and the quality of life of citizens. We use a co-design process to ensure our GI4RAQ platform is fit-for-purpose and to build a network of early adopters for rapid uptake and impact. The unique skill set of our researcher co-Investigator, who is a trained architect as well as experienced post-doctoral atmospheric chemist, offers an original perspective on how to make effective, meaningful, and long-lasting impact.

Local authority capability
Roadside air quality (RAQ) often exceeds national AQ objectives and has been the subject of litigation against the UK government. However, the UK government devolves AQ responsibility to local authorities. AQ is therefore of concern to local authorities, and RAQ poses a particular concern. Whilst a large number of recent studies have highlighted the potential for strategic green infrastructure (GI) to improve RAQ, there is a lack of appropriate platform to predict quantitatively the highly location-specific impacts of GI interventions during planning, especially at the pre-application ('pre-app') stage. Enhancing local authority capabilities with the GI4RAQ platform will strengthen local planning governance, and improve taxpayers' value for money, in the delivery of cost-effective improvements in RAQ and, thereby, public health in the built environment.

Developer and architect costs
Developers and architects will benefit through access to a transparent platform to assess GI options at an early stage of the design process, thereby saving time and costs by improving their chances of securing planning permission on first application, and enhancing productivity.

The quality of life of citizens
Through improved local authority capabilities and reduced developer and architect costs, more and better consideration of air quality in planning will improve the lives of citizens. Providing a quantitative platform to assess the effectiveness of GI interventions will increase the number of GI interventions and increase the quality of each intervention. More cost-effective interventions will deliver improved public health. Adverse air quality shortens the lives of tens of thousands of citizens in our partner local authorities of London and Birmingham, and shortens the lives of millions worldwide.
 
Description This grant, the third in a series of small Innovation grants, has developed software that can help practitioners quantify the effects of green infrastructure (hedges, trees, etc) on roadside air quality. The open-source software and graphical user interface allow the user to input the details specific to the roadside of interest. The air quality calculations are based on a conceptual model of flow around barriers; the deflected flow enhances dispersion and hence dilutes pollution.
The software is currently being beta-tested by practitioners who have been involved in the co-design of the tool. We expect the software to be on general release by summer 2020.
Exploitation Route The software has a great deal of potential for expansion. Being open source, this expansion can be by members of the current team or by third-party developers. The most obvious scope for development is in capturing more and more complexity of the streetscape for the calculations.
Sectors Environment,Transport

 
Description This Innovation project for impact brings together policy and practice leaders concerned with how planning decisions affect urban air quality. The overarching aim is to make a software platform for the quantitative assessment of Green Infrastructure as an aid to the improvement of roadside air quality. We call this platform GI4RAQ. We have provided a consolidated, open-source, computer modelling code for roadside air pollution in urban settings based on our existing research code. In using the GI4RAQ tool, we aim to demonstrate that it can unlock a critical impasse in current planning policy and so enable capacity-building on the regulatory and consultancy sides of the planning process. We work with major influencers in the private and public sectors: Transport for London and the Greater London Authority, specifically to influence the next issue of the London Plan. To be released towards the end of 2019, a proposed new policy requiring larger-scale developments to be 'Air Quality Positive' may be implemented, but only if tools exist to evidence such a result at planning. We work with the UK's leading air quality consultants: Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants (CERC) and Ricardo Energy & Environment, to ensure that the GI4RAQ platform is fit for operational use and that it can be used alongside current Air Quality tools. The project is designed to dovetail with 'WM Air', a large multi-partner programme focused on West Midlands' air quality led by the University of Birmingham. The GI4RAQ Principal Investigator leads the work stream on green infrastructure in WM Air alongside GI4RAQ partner Birmingham City Council, thereby ensuring rapid knowledge transfer between research and practice in London and Birmingham.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Environment,Transport
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description FWAC Urban
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Guidance documents for public and practitioners.
URL https://www.gov.uk/guidance/urban-forestry
 
Description FWACWM
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/forestry-and-woodlands-advisory-committees
 
Description INVITED REVIEWER - Draft Lancashire County Council Public Health Advisory Note, 'Green Infrastructure and Roadside Air Quality' (about to be published) - Oct 19
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Title Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality (GI4RAQ) Platform Prototype for User Testing - Nov 19 
Description This prototype web-based software has been developed in the first instance for user testing; it will be made freely available and open source from the end of Q2 2020. It is the first software - co-designed with urban practitioners - to enable its users to estimate quantitatively the site-specific impacts of green infrastructure on exposure to road transport pollution via changes in pollutant dispersion close to source: i.e., subject to local conditions of wind and urban form, what green infrastructure, where with a street, will be of roughly how much benefit (or disbenefit) to who in different parts of that street's cross section. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Not (yet) applicable; see description of software above. 
URL http://gi4raq.wildilk.com/pages/login
 
Description Allometry media 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media coverage for MacKenzie et al. 2019, 'Urban form strongly mediates the allometric scaling of airshed pollution concentrations", Environ. Res. Lett.
Reach statistic by 15th Feb 2020 = 27 million, with a value to the funders calculated by the UoB press office as £502,000.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-beds-bucks-herts-51268918
 
Description EnvironmentalHealth 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Chair and Keynote, Environmental Health 2019, A.R. MacKenzie: Not falling over: strategies for the three-legged race to better urban futures
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description FutureBuild 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited keynote by A.R. MacKenzie: Reduce, Extend, Protect: Practical and evidenced steps to reduce public exposure to air pollution
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.futurebuild.co.uk/speakers/rob-mackenzie
 
Description INVITED TALK - Chartered Institute of Environmental Health - London Hub Environmental Protection Study Day (London) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Engage a wide variety of stakeholders across Greater London in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.

2. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

3. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

4. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.cieh.org/media/3519/london-pollution-study-day-programme-06-12-19.pdf
 
Description INVITED TALK - Futurebuild 2020 (London) - Mar 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

2. Introduce the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.futurebuild.co.uk/speakers/james-levine
 
Description INVITED TALK - Greater Manchester Forests Partnership (Greater Manchester Combined Authority) - Jul 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Engage representatives of the ten Greater Manchester Districts in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.

2. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

3. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

4. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description INVITED TALK - Manchester City of Trees Conference (Salford) - Oct 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Engage a wide variety of stakeholders across Greater Manchester in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.

2. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

3. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

4. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description INVITED TALK - Midlands Trees & Design Action Group (Birmingham) - Feb 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Interest a wide variety of stakeholders across the West Midlands in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality).

2. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

3. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

4. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/tdag-seminar-series-gi-air-quality-brum-06022020-tickets-88501573589#
 
Description INVITED TALK - Transport for West Midlands (Birmingham) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

2. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

3. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description INVITED TALK - Urban Design London Air Quality Event (Transport for London) - Jan 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Engage a wide variety of stakeholders across Greater London in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.

2. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

3. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

4. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.urbandesignlondon.com/events/2019-2020/london/#improving-londons-air-quality-30-01-20
 
Description INVITED TALK - West Sussex Inter-Authority Air Quality Group (Horsham) - Jun 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

2. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

3. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description INVITED TALK - West Yorkshire Combined Authority Low Emission Strategy Delivery Group (WYCA) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talk to:

1. Engage representatives of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority, and the ten West Yorkshire Districts, in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.

2. Share the latest understanding of the influence that vegetation, or 'green infrastructure', has on urban air quality.

3. Introduce the evidence-based approach to 'Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality' (GI4RAQ) I developed in partnership with Transport for London (TfL) via a 6 month secondment to TfL funded by a NERC Innovation Placement grant.

4. Outline the GI4RAQ software prototype now in development via a NERC Innovation Project grant following its scoping with a NERC Innovation Pathfinder grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Bradford City Council (Bradford) - Jan 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to engage representatives of Bradford City Council in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Greater London Authority (City Hall, London) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, representatives of the Greater London Authority to engage them in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Iain Taylor, Chair of the Community Forest Trust (Rossendale) - Nov 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, Iain Taylor to engage the Community Forest Trust in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with James Richer, Global Air Quality Practice Director, AECOM (Aldgate Tower, London) - Aug 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, James Richer and his colleague, David Deakin, Technical Director for Air Quality, to engage AECOM in a potentially industry-changing world-first software solution that could enable a new best practice, or 'next practice', in the sphere of urban development for improved air quality and public health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with James Richer, Global Air Quality Practice Director, AECOM (Aldgate Tower, London) - Jan 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact [Further] Discussion with, and pitch to, James Richer and his colleague, David Deakin, Technical Director for Air Quality, to engage AECOM in a potentially industry-changing world-first software solution that could enable a new best practice, or 'next practice', in the sphere of urban development for improved air quality and public health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with John Parker, Technical Director, Arboricultural Association (Stonehouse) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, John Parker to engage the Arboricultural Association in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Joseph Coles, Urban Programme Lead, Woodland Trust (Leeds) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, Joseph Coles to engage the Woodland Trust in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Kieron Doick, Head of Urban Forest Research Group, Forest Research (Bentley) - Jan 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, Kieron Doick to engage Forest Research as a potential partner in a European Horizon 2020 proposal (Stage 2); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Leeds City Council and West Yorkshire Combined Authority (Leeds) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to engage representatives of Leeds City Council and the West Yorkshire Combined Authority in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, Mersey Forest & Liverpool ONE (Liverpool) - Jul 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to engage representatives of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, Mersey Forest & Liverpool ONE in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Manchester City Council (Manchester) - Jan 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to engage representatives of Manchester City Council in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Prof Alan Simson, Chair of White Rose Forest Steering Group (Leeds Beckett University) - Jul 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, Prof Alan Simson to engage the White Rose Forest in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Prof Mark Birkin, Urban Analytics Programme Lead, Alan Turing Institute (London) - Jan 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, Prof Mark Birkin to engage the Alan Turing Institute (Urban Analytics Programme) as a potential partner in a European Horizon 2020 proposal (Stage 2); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Salford City Council, University of Salford and RHS Garden Bridgewater (Salford) - Dec 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to engage representatives of Salford City Council, the University of Salford and RHS Garden Bridgewater in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Transport for Greater Manchester (Manchester) - Jul 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to engage representatives of Transport for Greater Manchester in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Transport for Greater Manchester (Manchester) - Oct 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact (Further) Presentation to engage representatives of Transport for Greater Manchester in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Transport for London (London) - Mar 20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, representatives of Transport for London to engage them in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Transport for London (London) - Nov 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with, and pitch to, representatives of Transport for London to engage them in the development of a UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship bid re: reducing public exposure to road transport pollution, as a complement to essential emission reductions, for further improvements in public health (and health equality); see Other Outputs & Knowledge/Future Steps for more details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Online Article - Air Quality News - Oct 19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I wrote this article (co-authored by Emma Ferranti, University of Birmingham) to clarify the role that green infrastructure can play in reducing exposure to road transport pollution in the urban environment and, thereby, improving public health outcomes.

There have been a lot of mixed messages in the popular press, and even the academic literature. In line with the Air Quality Expert Group's (2018) report to DEFRA and the devolved authorities, this article aimed to clarify:

- The removal of NO2 and PM2.5 by deposition to leaf surfaces is inefficient at the scale of realistic urban planting schemes; but
- Vegetation barriers can have a pronounced effect on the distribution of pollution close to source (e.g. at the roadside) via changes in dispersion.

The latter effect can be of benefit or disbenefit, and this scientific understanding calls for strategic, site-specific use of vegetation barriers to realise robustly beneficial (highly localised changes) in roadside air quality.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://airqualitynews.com/2019/10/04/why-green-infrastructure-is-critical-for-improving-air-quality...
 
Description Reasons to be cheerful 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Podcast: Ed Milliband and Geoff Lloyd interview A.R. MacKenzie: "reasons to be cheerful", released 28/7/2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://play.acast.com/s/reasonstobecheerful/9dac8b6b-545d-4c3e-84ab-f2c05db7ca15