Optimising air quality and health benefits associated with a low-emission transport and mobility revolution in the UK

Lead Research Organisation: University of Birmingham
Department Name: Institute of Applied Health Research

Abstract

The Government's 'Future of Mobility' and 'Road to Zero' strategies outline a second UK transport revolution, characterised by rapid decarbonisation, increased automation and enhanced connectivity. This radical transformation presents both opportunities and challenges for improving air quality over the next two decades, occurring in the context of disruptive changes in transport technology, increasing public environmental awareness and evolving transport behaviours. In this context, actions taken during the emerging transition phase will influence air pollutant sources and exposure patterns across indoor (i.e. vehicle, rail/bus) and outdoor (i.e. pavement, platform, bus station) land transport environments, with profound future implications for public health.

We recognise this critical opportunity for encouraging policy foresight, cultivating scientific advancement and stimulating citizen engagement at the air quality, climate and health nexus.

Our vision is to establish a diverse interdisciplinary network, connecting researchers across nine UK higher education and research institutions with >20 network partners, comprising commercial, public sector and non-profit organisations. We will establish sustainable connections to undertake co-definition of issues and opportunities and co-delivery of innovative, evidence-based solutions. We will deliver a varied portfolio of network activities including TRANSITION summits, problem-solving workshops, hackathons, discovery studies, site visits, policy engagement events and creative outreach activities at transport locations. Thus the network partners will achieve the ambitious but achievable goal of directly shaping future air quality, climate and transport policy, reflecting the ambitions of the UKRI SPF Clean Air Analysis and Solutions programme.

Planned Impact

The impact goals of the TRANSITION network are to:
* Establish a multidisciplinary community spanning academic commercial, not-for-profit, local government, consumer and international partners with the skills, knowledge and experience to address indoor and outdoor air quality (AQ) challenges associated with the low-emission transport revolution.
* Provide a sustainable focal point for aligned interests in a diverse stakeholder network, enabling knowledge sharing and collaborative activities across a range of disciplines, institutions, sectors and geographies.
* Provide network partners and the wider stakeholder community with new knowledge, skills and evidence to:
A. Predict changes in indoor and outdoor pollutants mixtures and associated health, social, environmental and economic impacts across land transport, over the next two decades.
B. Understand transport demand changes, behavioural responses to technological advances, environmental awareness and policy initiatives, how they impact upon AQ, health and mobility,
C. Identify the necessary technical advances, innovation priorities and regulatory frameworks for land transport in the context of decarbonisation targets, which optimise co-benefits (e.g. health inequity, social inclusion) and mitigate harmful impacts of air pollution.
D. Rethink and redefine prospective national, devolved, and local government policies to consider implications for transport derived AQ at the appraisal stage and generate possible new policy solutions to address the challenges.
* Define new AQ research priorities aligned with the UKRI Clean Air programme, at the intersection of transport, climate change and health.
* Increase public awareness and understanding of AQ and health, including the role of behavioural choices for reducing emissions, exposure risk and improving quality of life.
*Generate creative and innovative technical and policy solutions which address these challenges and identify the relevant stakeholders necessary to replicate at scale.
Based on our stakeholder analysis of the Road to Zero and Future of Mobility strategies, those groups who may contribute to and gain from the TRANSITION network are: the general public and users of transport (including civic and user groups); policymakers in national government, public agencies, devolved administrations and local authorities; commercial organisations (e.g. auto manufacturing, freight/package distribution, rail/bus operation, energy supply, consultancy, service provision); public transport operators; transport operation and financial regulators; health organisations and researchers; professional bodies; research organisations (e.g. universities, public research institutions); occupational groups (e.g. bus/taxi drivers, transport operators); marketing and communications agencies.
The expected outcome is that, within or shortly after the network lifetime, one or more new transport-derived AQ priorities will be identified and funded for UKRI or other research investment (e.g. Research Councils, charities); one or more national/local Government policies or regulatory mechanisms will be refined or reformulated (BEIS, DfT, Defra, Office of Road and Rail) ; one or more commercial partners (e.g. HS2, FirstGroupPlc) will develop and implement a novel technical AQ solution; and one of more public sector partners (e.g. local authorities, NHS England) will practically implement a newly defined, transport focused AQ policy action.
At the conclusion of the project, TRANSITION will have fostered a collaborative, coordinated and evidence-based approach to AQ, climate and transport focused policy, thereby reducing duplication and mitigating adverse impacts of potentially conflicting policy decisions. It will provide a transferable exemplar of the application of UKRI-funded research to deliver multiple environmental, economic, health and societal benefits, supporting the delivery of UK Clean Air Strategy and associated policy ambitions.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description TRANSITION is a UK wide Clean Air Network programme led by the University of Birmingham in collaboration with nine universities and over 20 cross-sector partners, seeking to deliver air quality and health benefits associated with the UK transition to a low-emission transport economy. The academic investigators and policy, public, commercial and not-for-profit sector partners are undertaking joint research, to co-define indoor and outdoor air quality challenges and co-deliver innovative, evidence-based solutions.

The network spans four key domain areas: (1) Characterising emerging air quality challenges and risks; (2) Understanding transport choices and behaviours; (3) Supporting industry-led research and innovation; (4) Co-creating a framework for policy solutions. Network activities include
- Network Summit Events
- Challenges & Solutions Workshops
- Discovery & Innovation Studies
- Knowledge Mobilisation & Exchange
- Public Outreach and Policy Engagement
Exploitation Route The TRANSITION Clean Air Network will help to support air quality and transport policy actions at both regional and national levels including the UK Clean Air Strategy and Transport Decarbonisation Plan, which seeks to deliver transformative change towards a low-emission transport economy. Key insights may be applied in a range of contexts across local authorities, devolved administrations and national Government and knowledge and ideas may advance UK research and innovation by SMEs. Ultimately these impacts will benefit the UK population by contributions to improved air quality and reduction in carbon emissions thereby achieving associated increases in life expectancy and quality of life.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL https://transition-network.org.uk/
 
Description The TRANSITION Clean Air Network has been developed to achieve policy impact by influencing delivery of Govt strategies, including the Transport Decarbonisation Plan, Road to Zero Strategy and Clean Air Strategy. At this early stage of network activities work is underway to define emerging air quality challenges and risks associated with the transition to a low-emission transport economy, to understand the disruptive impacts of COVID-19 upon travel choices and behaviours, to provide seed-corn funding for industry-led research and innovation projects (with a focus on indoor and outdoor air quality challenges), to undertake public engagement activities to increase awareness of the relationship between transport, air quality and health and to provide a forum for sharing best practice between local authorities with regard to air quality, transport and carbon mitigation.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Participation in Westminster Commission Roadside Air Quality and Health meeting
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description British Lung Foundation 
Organisation British Lung Foundation (BLF)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network Summit events
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Aimsun 
Organisation Siemens AG
Department Aimsun
Country Spain 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend 6 network meetings and adhoc workshops andconference calls. - Facilitate access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer such as our involvement and participation with ITS UK, DfT's Transport Technology Forum and our Programme Committee role in the Association of European Transports annual Conference (ETC /European Transport Conference) - Provision of Student licences of our software to students who are interested writing thesis's in this area and in collaboration with the project.
Impact Multidisciplinary collaboration and development of a TRANSITION Clean Air Network Discovery & Innovation fund proposal.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Apertum 
Organisation Apertum IT AB
Country Sweden 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend network summit events - Access to knowledge and expertise concerning air quality modelling, emissions inventories, measurements, data analysis, informatics and data sharing across indoor and outdoor transport contexts
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Cambustion 
Organisation Cambustion
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution - Academic and intellectual expertise - Advice on measurement locations - Development of a multidisciplinary collaborative TRANSITION Discovery & Innovation Fund proposal
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend the TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Workshop (24 November 2020) - Provision of equipment and staff time to undertake air quality measurements at roadside in Oxford City - Development of a multidisciplinary collaborative TRANSITION Discovery & Innovation Fund proposal
Impact - A new measurement dataset undertaken at roadside in Birmingham City - TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Cenex 
Organisation Cenex
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution - Academic expertise and intellectual input
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time for attendance at TRANSITION Clean Air Network launch workshop (November 2020) - Access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer, such as through existing partnerships, research and innovation needs and sharing of best practice case studies
Impact - TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Coventry City Council 
Organisation Coventry City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, provision of staff time for attendance at collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network meetings - Access to partners and opportunities for wider knowledge transfer
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Create Streets 
Organisation Create Streets
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Support for network summits - Access to shared learning, knowledge transfer and policy impact opportunities - Exploration of joint collaborative opportunities to address key emerging air quality challenges and relationships with the built environment - Advice on strategic communication with a range of stakeholders
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Greenwatt 
Organisation ATI Projects Ltd
Department Greenwatt
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time for collaborative meeting attendance.
Collaborator Contribution -Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION network summits -Facilitation of access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer through existing partnerships and sharing of best practice case studies
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Workshop report Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - HS2 
Organisation High Speed Two (HS2) Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution - Academic expertise and intellectual input - Staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend the TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Workshop (24 November 2020)
Impact - TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership 
Organisation Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network summits - Access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer, such as through existing partnerships and sharing of best practice case studies - Engagement with membership to disseminate findings and source focussed research opportunities and partners
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - National Express 
Organisation National Express LTD
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to convene workshops and attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend 6 network meetings over teh 3-year project duration - Facilitate access to opportunities and partners for wider knowledge transfer - Sharing of relevant information and best practice in relation to low emission vehicle technology and its practical application across bus and coach fleets - Provision of speakers for webinar events e.g. Clean Air Day 2020 (COVID-19, Clean Air and Mobility)
Impact - Clean Air Day webinar - COVID19, Clean Air and Mobility (8 October 2020) - Participatory systems map - COVID19/Clean Air/Carbon Trilemma (March 2021)
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration - Office of Rail and Road 
Organisation ORR Office of Rail Regulation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time for collaborative meeting attendance.
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network launch summits - Facilitate access to relevant opportunities for wider knowledge transfer
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Oxford City Council 
Organisation Oxford City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time for attendance at collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Attendance at TRANSITION Clean Air Network summit meetings
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Oxford Strategy 
Organisation Oxford Strategy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Director participation in each of the core TRANSITION network workshops - Director participation in ad hoc workshops where relevant - Facilitation of access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer, such as through existing partnerships, identifying research and innovation needs and sharing of best practice case studies and academic insights
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report-Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Oxfordshire County Council 
Organisation Oxfordshire County Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, provision of staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time for attendance at TRANSITION Clean Air Network meetings - Hosting of TRANSITION Clean Air Network apprentice role - Datasharing of air quality, transport and health data - Facilitation for sharing of best practice
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report-Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Oxfordshire County Council Public Health team 
Organisation Oxfordshire County Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Academic expertise and intellectual input to evaluating impacts of (i) Emergency Active Travel Measures; (2) Low Traffic Neighbourhoods; (3) School Streets schemes in Oxford City
Collaborator Contribution Oxfordshire County Council - access to data sources; Oxford Brookes University - research perspectives; Sustrans - information about School streets schemes
Impact A rapid funding proposal was submitted to UKRI for consideration within the COVID-19 urgency scheme (Economic and Social Research Council)
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Red Kite Consulting 
Organisation Red Kite Management Consulting
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, provision of staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Attendance at TRANSITION Clean Air Network summit vents - Assistance with structuring approaches, workshop design, facilitation and developing communications for senior business/political audiences - Access for advice on marketing, pricing, subsidies and regulatory mechanisms - Connections to wider knowledge transfer or further opportunities
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Sheffield City Council 
Organisation Sheffield City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time for attendance at collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network meetings - Access to partners and opportunities for wider knowledge transfer
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Transport Initiatives 
Organisation Transport Initiatives LLP
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, provision of staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Network summits - Access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer such as through existing partnerships and sharing of best practice case studies
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration - Urban Design Group 
Organisation Urban Design Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings.
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time for attendance at TRANSITION Clean Air Network launch workshop - Access to a discounted hire rate for a central London meeting venue - Access to wider opportunities for wider knowledge transfer such as through existing partnerships across the built environment community of interest including the Urban Design Group newsletter
Impact - TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description DustscanAQ 
Organisation DustScan Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network summits - Access to knowledge, expertise and experience of air quality monitoring and assessment air quality measurements indoor and outdoor transport contexts - Transfer of knowledge between the TRANSITION network and the Institute of Air Quality Management and the Institute of Environmental Science
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Environment Agency - Air Quality Inequalities Project 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Presentation at the Air Quality Inequalities Project - Travel session (17 Feb 2021) to approximately 35 workshop participants.
Collaborator Contribution Two meetings to discuss synergies with the TRANSITION Clean Air Network and links with activities being undertaken by the Environment Agency and Public Health England
Impact This collaboration will lead to a report arising from the Environment Agency Air Quality Inequalities project
Start Year 2020
 
Description FirstGroup Plc 
Organisation First Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time to attend collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend network meetings - To work collaboratively in identifying research and transport policy priorities, for example by characterising the social wellbeing and mental and physical health benefits of public transport; understanding the relationships between indoor/outdoor air quality exposure with regard bus/rail travel and identifying and sharing best practice examples across the sector - An opportunity to both promote the Clean Air Programme by exposure through First communication channels, and demonstration of First's commitment to the promotion and prioritisation of the highest quality innovative public transport, through investment and partnership working
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Joint ANTICIPATE - TRANSITION Trilemma Workshop 
Organisation University of Surrey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The TRANSITION Clean Air Network team was involved in setting the activity scope, selecting and inviting participants, producing relevant briefing materials, establishing the domain factors for participatory mapping. The ANTICIPATE team provided support for the aforementioned activities and methodological expertise for the participatory systems mapping process.
Collaborator Contribution COVID-19/Clean Air/Carbon Trilemma workshop series to undertake a Participatory Systems Mapping exercise among 8-12 invited experts including project partner representatives within the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (e.g. FirstGroup Plc, Sustrans, Oxfordshire County Council, Camden Council, Network Rail)
Impact This collaboration is ongoing and will provide outputs for the Department for Transport
Start Year 2021
 
Description Oxford Bus Company 
Organisation Oxford Bus Company
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Academic expertise, intellectual input, staff time for attendance at collaborative meetings
Collaborator Contribution - Provision of staff time to attend TRANSITION Clean Air Network meetings - Access to opportunities for wider knowledge transfer - Display of relevant clean air communications on our on bus digital displays to update residents on this work or seek feedback from the wider community
Impact TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Report - Characterising Emerging Air Quality Challenges and Risks Associated with Transport Decarbonisation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Air Quality and Climate Change Roundtable - Transport Professional Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Virtual roundtable discussion on the subject of the climate challenge and improving air quality. Specific discussion points:
* Whether the transport sector will be able to meet the 2050 net zero emissions target, and strategies for getting us there
* The need to improve air quality, whether we should set targets and the role of clean air zones
* The consequences of failing to make transport and mobility greener and cleaner
* Priorities and possible solutions (eg electric cars, more walking and cycling, road pricing)
* The role of governments, the transport sector and the public
* The impact of Covid on environmental ambitions and travel behaviours, both short and long term
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Clean Air for All - COVID19, Clean Air and Mobility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Clean Air Day webinar exploring the links between Clean Air, COVID-19 and Mobility. The expert panel explored COVID-19 impacts upon air quality, transport and mobility in the West Midlands region, including academic research, community action and future policy direction.

Speakers included: Professor William Bloss - Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Birmingham, Cllr Waseem Zaffar - Cabinet Member for Transport and Environment, Birmingham City Council, Clare Maltby - England Director (Midlands and East), Sustrans, Ali Bell - Head of External Communications, National Express, Shivaji Shiva - Charities Partner at law firm VWV and Co-founder of Cycling Works for Birmingham.

The event was also live streamed by Global Action Plan (Clean Air Day live)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.cleanairday.org.uk/clean-air-day-live
 
Description Follow-up meeting to scope Atmo Technology's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (27/1/2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Guy Barkley, Co-Founder and CEO of Atmo Technology, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Atmo Technology's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Atmo Technology's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Atmo Technology in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Atmo Technology might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Meeting to explore Atmo Technology's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (10/12/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Guy Barkley, Co-Founder and CEO of Atmo Technology, to explore their interests in common with the TRANSITION Clean Air Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope AECOM's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (8/12/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with David Deakin, Technical Director (Air Quality & Permitting) at AECOM, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify AECOM's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope AECOM's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support AECOM in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how AECOM might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope CENEX's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (12/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Keith Budden, Head of Business Development, and Tony Machin, Marketing and Communications Manager, at CENEX, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify CENEX's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope CENEX's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support CENEX in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how CENEX might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope Cambridge City Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (14/1/2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Anne-Marie Hindley, Air Quality Projects Officer, and Anita Lewis, Environmental Health Scientific Officer, at Cambridge City Council, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Cambridge City Council's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Cambridge City Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Cambridge City Council in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Cambridge City Council might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Meeting to scope Camden Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (25/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Tom Parkes, Senior Air Quality Officer at Camden Council, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Camden Council's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Camden Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Camden Council in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Camden Council might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope Coventry City Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (18/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with John Seddon, Head of Transport and Innovation at Coventry City Council, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Coventry City Council's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Coventry City Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Coventry City Council in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Coventry City Council might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope Create Streets' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (5/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with David Milner, Projects Director for Create Streets, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Create Streets' current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Create Streets' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Create Streets in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Create Streets might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope DustScanAQ's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (5/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Gordon Allison, Principal Consultant for DustScanAQ, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify DustScanAQ's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope DustScanAQ's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support DustScanAQ in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how DustScanAQ might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope ENSO Tyres' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (28/1/2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Gunnlaugur Erlendsson, CEO of ENSO Tyres, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify ENSO Tyres' current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope ENSO Tyres' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support ENSO Tyres in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how ENSO Tyres might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Meeting to scope EarthSense's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (16/12/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with David Green (Senior Business Development Manager) and Greg Lewis (Head of Sales) from EarthSense, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify EarthSense's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope EarthSense's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support EarthSense in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how EarthSense might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope FirstGroup plc's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (5/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with John Birtwistle, Head of Policy for FirstGroup Plc's Bus Division and President of the European Passenger Transport Operators' Association, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify FirstGroup plc's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope FirstGroup plc's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support FirstGroup plc in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how FirstGroup plc might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://transition-network.org.uk/publications/launch-report-dec2020/
 
Description Meeting to scope HS2's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (17/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Neil Wait, Air Quality Manager, and Andrea Davidson, Air Quality Lead, for HS2, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify HS2's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope HS2's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support HS2 in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how HS2 might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope National Express' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (17/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Ali Bell, Head of External Communications, and Charlotte Ritchie, Head of Public Affairs, at National Express, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify National Express' current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope National Express' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support National Express in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how National Express might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope Oxford Strategy's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (19/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Philip Guest, Founder of Oxford Strategy, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Oxford Strategy's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Oxford Strategy's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Oxford Strategy in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Oxford Strategy might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope Sheffield City Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (10/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Osammor Ogo, Principal Air Quality Officer for Sheffield City Council, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Sheffield City Council's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Sheffield City Council's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Sheffield City Council in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Sheffield City Council might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope Transport Initiatives' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (12/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Mark Strong, Managing Consultant for Transport Initiatives, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify Transport Initiatives' current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope Transport Initiatives' engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support Transport Initiatives in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how Transport Initiatives might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope UK100's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (5/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Jason Torrance, Policy Director for UK100, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify UK100's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope UK100's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support UK100 in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how UK100 might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope engagement of the Rail Safety and Standards Board, and Network Rail, in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (25/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with James Wright, Lead Air Quality Specialist at the Rail Safety and Standards Board, Azhar Quaiyoom, Project and Sustainability Manager at Network Rail, and Jamie Shaw, Low Emission Strategy Lead at Network Rail, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify these organisations' current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope their engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support them in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how they might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope the British Lung Foundation's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (5/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Patients, carers and/or patient groups
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Harriet Edwards, Senior Policy and Projects Manager for Air Quality at the British Lung Foundation, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify the British Lung Foundation's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope the British Lung Foundation's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support the British Lung Foundation in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how the British Lung Foundation might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (17/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Andy Eastlake, Managing Director at the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting to scope the Office of Rail and Road's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network (12/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Sharon Mawhood, Lead for Occupational Health for the Office of Rail and Road, to:
- Present the aims, scope and planned activities of the TRANSITION Clean Air Network
- Clarify the Office of Rail and Road's current and future priorities re transport decarbonisation and associated air quality objectives
- Scope the Office of Rail and Road's engagement in the TRANSITION Clean Air Network: i.e., how the Network can support the Office of Rail and Road in pursuing the above priorities and objectives; and how the Office of Rail and Road might support the Network's members in optimising the air quality and health benefits of the UK's low-emission mobility revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Create Streets to develop a collaborative proposal, 'Deep Green' (21/1/2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with David Milner, Projects Director at Create Streets, to develop a collaborative proposal, 'Deep Green', re the development of low-carbon and clean air residential developments - linkages to GI4RAQ and WM-Air projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://www.gi4raq.ac.uk
 
Description Meeting with Create Streets to discuss the prototype GI4RAQ Platform, StreetScore and Deep Green (18/11/2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact James Levine met with David Milner, Projects Director at Create Streets, to present the prototype Green Infrastructure for Roadside Air Quality (GI4RAQ) Platform and explore potential linkages to their StreetScore tool (to estimate the 'value' of streets) and Deep Green proposal (to develop a design guide for low-carbon, clean air developments).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.gi4raq.ac.uk
 
Description Meeting with DustScan AQ to discuss potential collaboration to make state-of-the-art air quality measurements in the Oxford area (26/1/2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Suzanne Bartington (PI of TRANSITION) and James Levine (Innovation Network Manager for TRANSITION) met with Gordon Allison, Satty Jandu and Oliver Puddle (all three, Principal Consultants at DustScanAQ), to discuss a potential collaboration with further Oxford stakeholders to make state-of-the-art air quality measurements in the vicinity of vulnerable receptors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Press feature - Air quality and health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Feature article in the Daily Mail (published 1 March 2021) detailing the Birmingham Air Quality Supersite and related health data research at the University of Birmingham. Follow-up enquiry from the UK Clean Air Champion and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-9314331/How-shed-beat-silent-killer-Study-finds-dirty-air...
 
Description Roundtable (Short Journeys) - University of Hertfordshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An invited presentation given at a transport policy roundtable (convened by the University of Hertfordshire) to discuss the following points:
Many car journeys in counties and market towns are short distance. What can be done to move these away from cars? What is needed to move these to walking and cycling? Will micromobility substitute for car trips - e-bikes, scooters etc? In the wake of Covid-19, can the extra walking and cycling be retained and how can these be given priority in counties?"
The key arising output was a policy briefing note for the Department for Transport (Short Journeys). It also resulted in a new collaboration and invited member for the TRANSITION Clean Air Network advisory group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact he TRANSITION Clean Air Network Launch Summit was held online on 24th November 2020. The objective of the workshop was to identify new emerging indoor and outdoor air quality challenges and risks associated with transport decarbonisation over the next decade. The arising report provided recommendations for priority research areas linked to these challenges and risks.

Over 60 invitees attended the launch on behalf of more than 45 organisations, comprising: 5 local authorities; 3 national Government agencies or public bodies; 2 public companies; 18 private companies; 4 not-for-profit and charitable organisations; and 13 UK universities (including nine represented by TRANSITION Investigators). The event was structured in three sections: (1) Policy Context; (2) Stakeholder Perspectives and (3) Cross-Cutting Synthesis. Summaries of the presentations given can be found in respective Annexes of this report and presentation slides are available on our website. We highlight below the key recommendations informed by our invited speakers and subsequent breakout group discussions (focussing upon three questions; see box below). We are most grateful to all who participated in the launch, to the speakers for their personal contributions, and to the group facilitators and rapporteurs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://transition-network.org.uk/publications/launch-report-dec2020/
 
Description The Royal Society - You and the planet: air 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel webinar hosted by the Royal Society and undertaken in collaboration with Manchester Science Festival https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2021/02/you-and-the-planet-air/ exploring the science of air quality and climate change, the impact air pollution on the planet and people's health. The event was live-streamed on the Royal Society YouTube channel and made available as a recording on the Royal Society website.

Attended live by 520 viewers, with 90 questions submitted and over 2500 viewed the recording within a 24 hour period. The event led to several submitted questions which have since shaped new research ideas - for example with regard to impacts of domestic woodburning in the West Midlands region and introduction of 20 mph speed limits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2021/02/you-and-the-planet-air/