Nexus Action for Mangroves in Selangor, Malaysia: protection through value creation for community-public-private partnerships (NexAMS)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Plymouth
Department Name: Sch of Biological and Marine Sciences

Abstract

Mangroves contribute to businesses and communities through multiple ecosystem services, yet are undervalued and under-protected in Malaysia and globally. Using outputs and lessons from NetComFish (Newton-Ungku Omar Fund project), capacity building and co-creation, NexAMS aims to advance policy and business initiatives for improved, inclusive mangrove protection through sustainable use and build public-private-community partnerships, focusing on the state of Selangor.

Using stakeholder engagement, desk work and knowledge exchange, these aims will be achieved through: (i) analysis of local, state, federal and international plans, policies and commitments to identify gaps and learn lessons on how existing initiatives impact mangroves and can be modified to support sustainable development with mangroves; (ii) assessment of past, present and potential future social, economic and environmental threats to mangroves to identify mitigating actions targeted at public and private sectors; (iii) identify achievable actions for businesses to minimise their impact on mangroves, support mangrove restoration and contribute to coastal community development; (iv) community engagement to identify optimum areas for mangrove protection for sustainable use and facilitation of business-community linkages; (v) outreach, engagement and targeted communication along the policy pathway and among business networks.

For lasting impact, NexAMS will: work with stakeholders across local, state and federal decision-making tiers, and mutlisectorally, with local communities, the private sector, government, NGOs and academia; build the capacity of stakeholders to better manage mangrove resources through sustainable use; and facilitate increased interaction between different stakeholder groups to enable partnership building. These impacts will support coastal community livelihoods and environmentally sensitive economic development in Selangor and beyond.

Publications

10 25 50

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
NE/V005758/1 13/05/2020 29/06/2020 £60,490
NE/V005758/2 Transfer NE/V005758/1 28/09/2020 30/03/2022 £59,579
 
Title NetComFish film 
Description A four minute film has been created by the NetComFish team to highlight the importance of the mangroves in the Klang Islands, the threats that they face and how local communities and businesses can be part of the solution for mangroves in the area. The general public are the target audience for this film. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact We have only just completed the film and have yet to start sharing it widely. We will use it in our follow-on project NexAMS as an engagement tool. 
 
Description Member of the Joint Committee that leads JNCC and has overall responsibility for its work.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact As a member of the Joint Committee that leads JNCC and has overall responsibility for its work. JNCC is the public body that advises the UK Government and devolved administrations on UK-wide and international nature conservation. JNCC's work helps maintain and enrich biological diversity and conserve geological features. It also helps sustain natural systems, which provide the core "services" we all depend on like food, fresh water and clean air. In this way they contribute to economic growth and social well-being and are integral to sustainable development. JNCC itself is a forum that brings together the UK's four country conservation bodies. They advise Government and a wide range of bodies to help join up policy and to deliver a strong and cost-effective evidence base by helping to see that the best possible return is achieved from investment in research and surveillance in the UK and internationally. As chair of the Marine Protected Areas Sub-Committee we ensure that scientific advice on designating marine reserves across the UK is robust
URL http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-5349
 
Description Policy Unit Bulletin
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352678391_Comprehending_the_%27No_Net_Loss%27_Approach_in_N...
 
Description Recorded dialogue with Amanda Solloway MP, Minister for Science, Research & Innovation for Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office COP26 activities
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Webinar and launch of two policy briefs in Malaysia: Nature-based Solutions (NbS) and Integrated Greening of Grey Infrastructure (IGGI)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://drive.google.com/file/d/1d3ieNf-M_gCvuyU81n6gpi7-79ak9ebI/view
 
Description NC-ODA ACCORD uplift (GCRF under-spend)
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 08/2019
 
Description National Capability: International Science Programmes
Amount £743,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2021 
End 03/2022
 
Description Nexus Action for Mangroves in Selangor, Malaysia: protection through value creation for community-public-private partnerships
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 537099481 
Organisation Newton Fund 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 10/2021
 
Description Research Environment Link
Amount £49,987 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 12/2022
 
Description Collaboration with University of Malaya to address failures in mangrove management in Selangor 
Organisation University of Malaysia
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This project formally launched in May 2020. The PML team reduced from 2 people to 1 person in July 2020 following the departure from the project of the former UK PI, Caroline Hattam. From September 2020 The UK lead passed to Prof Melanie Austin, University of Plymouth, with whom PML has a close working relationship. Andrew Edwards-Jones assumed lead PML responsibility, effectively acting as the core UK link with the University of Malaya partners. He has supported the project management process and activities, provided input and feedback on various objective activities i.e. a PESTLE analysis undertaken by a University of Plymouth Masters student, the preparation of the project newsletter, the mid term funders report, a UK PACT Expression of Interest submission. Andrew has been leading one project activity, involving a policy mapping exercise around mangroves in Malaysia. He is also leading on the delivery of an ACCORD Uplift sub-project with the same partners, exploring potential mangrove replanting sites in the Klang Islands, with responsibility for monitoring progress and reporting to the cross UK-institutional ACCORD Management Group. Andrew has continued to provide supervisory input to a Malaysian Masters student project, including feedback on thesis chapters and a journal paper (a required element of the MSc final submission). Some outputs from the ODA NetComFish project have been completed and disseminated during this project, to which Andrew has provided direct writing input to manuscript revisions prior to acceptance to the journal, Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, in July 2020, and leading on the final draft of a policy brief which was disseminated to project partners and to the general public in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The UM partners provide the co-PI for this project. The team is leading on the delivery of several project activities, including partner and stakeholder engagement and developing a case for business engagement with mangroves in Selangor. The whole project team has responded to the restrictions imposed by Covid 19 pandemic by agreeing to deliver a series of knowledge exchange seminars around pathways from science to policy. An additional researcher has been recruited with experience of working with policy-makers in Malaysia. Two seminars have been presented to date - the first in late 2020 in both in-person and virtual format, the second in Feb 2021 to a small virtual audience. The UM team have submitted a mid term funders report, and drafted a UK PACT EOI (unsuccessful). The team coordinates project meetings, and hosted a project partner meeting in December 2020 (several agencies, including the Federal and State Department of Forestry, had provided written support for the project at application).
Impact Project Partner Meeting Dec 2020 Knowledge Exchange seminar delivered autumn 2020. Knowledge Exchange seminar delivered Feb 2021. PESTLE analysis completed Oct 2020 (as part of a University of Plymouth MSc thesis).
Start Year 2020
 
Description Digital Launch of the Malaysian Nature Tours 
Organisation Malaysian High Commission
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The British High Commission in Kuala Lumpur, in cooperation with Asia Dive Expo (ADEX), organised the Digital Launch of the Malaysian Nature Tours on 10 December 2020, in conjunction with the 2021 Super Year for Biodiversity and Climate Change (CoP15 & CoP26). The Malaysian PI for the NexAMS project, Dr Amy Then, was invited along with a number of other scientists to form an expert panel for discussion, and to deliver a presentation on nature-based solutions in Malaysia.
Collaborator Contribution The British High Commission in Kuala Lumpur, in cooperation with Asia Dive Expo (ADEX), organised the Digital Launch of the Malaysian Nature Tours on 10 December 2020, in conjunction with the 2021 Super Year for Biodiversity and Climate Change (CoP15 & CoP26). The Malaysian PI for the NexAMS project, Dr Amy Then, was invited along with a number of other scientists to form an expert panel for discussion, and to deliver a presentation on nature-based solutions in Malaysia.
Impact Dissemination of NexAMS (and earlier NetComFish) project aims within presentation by Amy Then of the state of nature-based solutions in Malaysia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Contribution to online Networking Session (21st May 2021) at Ocean Visions 2021 conference. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Recorded Contribution 'Blue Communities: Building capacity for sustainable interactions with marine ecosystems in Southeast Asia' delivered at online Networking Session (21st May 2021) at Ocean Visions 2021 conference. The presentation was made by Mel Austen and supported at the event by Prof Lora Fleming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://agu.confex.com/agu/OVS21/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/787064
 
Description Knowledge Exchange Webinar hosted by NexAMS ODA project team 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact As part of the NexAMS project Knowledge exchange series, a webinar was delivered on 16th December, 2020, by Pn Siti Nurbaiyah to provide insights into academic research reaching policy decision-makers, particularly government agencies. 61 people registered and 41 participated, most academics including some high profile researchers at the University of Malaya.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description PANEL SPEAKER FOR INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TROPICAL SCIENCES: CONTRIBUTIONS TO SUSTAINABILITY 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated 26 October 2021 as a panel member in a discussion on Sustainable Blue Economy in the Tropics at the International Conference on Tropical Sciences (TropSc) : Contributions to Sustainability 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://msa-foundation.org/TropSc2021/programme/
 
Description speaker at the International Partnership Workshop For Early Career Researchers (ECRs) in Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact speaker at the International Partnership Workshop For Early Career Researchers (ECRs) jointly organised by the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund (NUOF) and the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) Blue Communities Malaysian Case Study, aiming at preparing the ECRs for international interdisciplinary research collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Information-sharing meeting with JARING 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact This was an information-sharing dialogue between the NexAMS project team and representatives of the environmental NGO, Jaringan Nelayan Pantai Malaysia (JARING). The mutual interests of both teams were identified and discussed, particularly in relation to the project activity involving cultural ecosystem service surveys of local people's engagements with mangroves.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://nexams2020.wixsite.com/nexams2020/key-activities
 
Description Information-sharing meeting with Maritime Institute of Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an information-sharing dialogue between the NexAMS project team and 3 representatives of MIMA. This highlighted MIMA's role in policy engagement in Malaysia, and considered mutual areas of interests. The discussion led to a follow-up meeting in 2021 in which MIMA was consulted on policy mapping and analysis priorities for the NexAMS project. These engagements cemented a relationship between MIMA (already a project partner) and NexAMS and led to formalization of a partnership by end 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://www.mima.gov.my/news/partnership-with-the-university-of-malaya-2020-2021
 
Description Information-sharing meeting with PlanMalaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a dialogue between the NexAMS project team and PlanMalaysia representatives to discuss the potential for inputting project findings into the draft version of NPP4, Malaysia's primary national physical plan. Advice was recieved on the best pathways to impact, including consulting with Selangor State Forestry Department, PlanSelangor, and the Selangor Exco.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invitation to present at The British High Commission's Digital Launch of the Malaysian Nature Tours 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The British High Commission in Kuala Lumpur, in cooperation with Asia Dive Expo (ADEX), organised the Digital Launch of the Malaysian Nature Tours on 10 December 2020, in conjunction with the 2021 Super Year for Biodiversity and Climate Change (CoP15 & CoP26). Several sessions were organised, ranging from sustainable land use mechanisms and nature protection, nature-based solutions, the business case for biodiversity and ecosystem services, global and regional perspectives to nature protection, and other related areas.

NexAMS Co-PI, Dr Amy Then was invited to speak on nature-based solutions, including the role of mangroves. She outlined the work of NexAMS.

The session was moderated by Dr Hari Ramalu, Chairman of ENSEARCH and Director of AkarAsia Consult. Other panellists included Dr Aldrie Amir, Head of the Environmental, Economic and Social Sustainability Research Centre of LESTARI, National University of Malaysia; Dr Maklarin Lakim, Director of Sabah Parks; Ceryl Rita Kaur, Head of the Centre for Coastal and Marine Environment (CMER), MIMA; Julian Hyde, Managing Director of Reef Check Malaysia; as well as Dave McCann, Environmental Manager from Sabah.

The session discussed at length the importance of nature-based solutions to addressing climate change concerns, as well as related challenges. It highlighted that the coastal ecosystems i.e., mangroves and seagrasses can contribute to national commitments in achieving the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement. Among others, the forum called for community involvement, science-policy interactions towards better management approaches, as well as the need to incorporate nature-based solutions into the national climate change policy (including blue carbon measures) into the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

Overall, the entire digital launch event garnered a total of more than 36,000 viewers, with the Blue Carbon session alone attracting some 13,000 viewers (figures according to MIMA).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.facebook.com/AsiaDiveExpo/videos/2149141970063
 
Description Invited speaker TropSci discourse event organised by The Mahathir Science Award Foundation (MCAF) and the Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation 'Interdisciplinary Research for Sustainable Use of Tropical Marine Resources' given on 28/09/21 as a pre-conference event to provide background for The International Conference on Tropical Sciences: contributions to Sustainability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://msa-foundation.org/TropSc2021/pre-event/
 
Description Knowledge Exchange Webinar (hosted by NexAMS ODA project) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact As part of the NexAMS series of Knowledge Exchange activities, delivered via webinar due to Covid restrictions, and to increase reach, a seminar was presented by Prof Mark Huxham, Professor of Teaching & Research in Environmental Biology, Edinburgh Napier University. The title was 'It Takes a Village: Starting a Blue Carbon Project from Scratch', in which Mark gave an overview of the status and importance of blue carbon habitats, particularly mangroves, then talked about the successful carbon credit scheme at Mikoko Pamoja, Kenya. Mark provided tips for developing community-based carbon projects, based on the perceived reasons for success of the Kenya project. 41 people attended, including 10 from the NexAMS team, but also reps from Sarawak Forestry Department, IUKRI, NGO's and other academic institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Knowledge Exchange webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A knowledge exchange webinar, part of a series of similar events hosted by the NexAMS project, delivered by Research Assistant Audi Ali.
Audi presented an overview of the policy making process in Malaysia and provided insights into how science can engage with policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Project External Partner Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Malaysia Case Study NexAMS 1st project partner meeting. This engagement was intended to update the partners that had formally supported the project proposal submission of the launch of the project earlier in the year, and progress to date. It also served to clarify the project's objectives to have these further validated. Multi-sector attendees included representatives from:
1. Coastal Forest Preservation, Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia
2. Forest Plantation and Innovation, Selangor Forestry Department
3. National Water Research Institute of Malaysia
4. MyMangrove
5. Malaysian Inshore Fishermen Association for Education and Welfare (JARING)
6. CPD Holistics Sdn. Bhd.
7. Centre for Coastal and Marine Environment, Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA)

The opportunity was taken to present the findings of a PESTLE Analysis (Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, Legal and Environmental) by a University of Plymouth Masters student, who's thesis had been aligned to NexAMS's priority issues, namely the management of mangroves of Malaysia.
The discussion was very worthwhile, although it was recognised that different representatives of the forest departments may be required for more effective engagement in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description chair a Royal Society of Biology's 'Policy Lates' panel event 'Why protect ocean biodiversity?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to chair a Royal Society of Biology's 'Policy Lates' panel event 'Why protect ocean biodiversity?' (online, evening, 15/11/2021) with 4 speakers. We explored the different benefits humans derive from marine organisms and ecosystems and why biodiversity is important for many aspects of life outside of the ocean. The event explored the value of marine biodiversity within the context of novel pharmaceuticals, and the interactions between the marine environment and the global climate as well as the social and policy challenges of developing international conservation targets for the world's oceans.

The Policy Lates series is a partnership of five RSB Member Organisations: British Pharmacological Society, Biochemical Society, Society for Applied Microbiology, Society for Experimental Biology, and The Physiological Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.rsb.org.uk/news/experts-take-a-deep-dive-into-the-importance-of-ocean-biodiversity