A Systems Analysis Approach to Reduce Plastic Waste in Indonesian Societies (PISCES)

Lead Research Organisation: Brunel University
Department Name: Life Sciences

Abstract

Context - Leakage of plastic waste into the environment in Indonesia is amongst the highest in the world. Only 39% of all waste is collected and 6 million tons of waste per annum is either burnt or dumped into the environment where it contaminates the air, soil, ground water, rivers and oceans damaging ecosystems and their services. In 2017, the Indonesian government introduced an ambitious target to reduce marine plastic debris by 70% by 2025. Yet social, behavioral, economic, political and infrastructural challenges hamper progress across the country's 17,000 islands. Production and consumption of plastic and plastic leakage are driven by multiple linked human decisions and practices that are not easily disentangled into specific, manageable problems. We need a better understanding of the nature of these individual aspects and that of the relationships that link them together.

Aims - To address this challenge, we will conduct a scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms.

Objectives -
1) We will research sources, pathways and fate of plastic waste in the environment, using state of the art modelling of plastic use, waste generation and littering to estimate the volumes of plastic flows reaching the land, rivers and seas around Indonesia. We will do this at national scale and in more detail at two case study sites in Pasuran, East Java and Jembrana, Bali. We will use this data to identify hotspots to prioritize sites for calibration and validation of the model and to inform government intervention programmes

2) We will calibrate and validate the models by doing litter surveys at a range of hotspot locations to count and categorize different items of waste and litter from the point of release into the environment and at increasing distances from the source to the sea.

3) We will examine impacts of plastic waste leakage on ecosystem services, ecosystem functions and social and economic structures.

4) We will use focus groups and surveys to increase our understanding of human behavioural and cultural factors associated with the consumption, use and disposal of plastic products

5) We will harmonise the collection of various mass and monetary data types under an analytical framework that seeks to assess the complex value of plastic flows positive (profit, benefit) or negative (cost, impact). Considering all environmental, economic, social, technical and political domains the framework allows for a whole-system assessment to support informed decision-making. Optimisation of the system not only facilitates the recovery of plastic resources but also ensures that impacts on society and the environment are fully considered. Using advanced modelling approaches within this framework, we will identify the most effective points to intervene, in order to create value from plastic waste and maximise the efficiency of identified solutions.

6). We will involve users and multiple stakeholders in "living laboratory experiments" co-creating, testing and observing new solutions and organizational structures. We will examine integrated sets of design interventions (at product, business model, behavior change, waste management levels), pproviding guidance as to where successful interventions can be made, and indicating how changes in the political and legal framework can be instrumental in the better management of resources at different levels of the economy.

Benefits - Our multi-stakeholder team includes action delivery partners who are designing and implementing change programmes on the ground and local and national governments. Our research is designed to inform and add value to these programmes, driving inter-connectivity between academia and government, established public-private partnerships, implementation programmes.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Elected Chair of the Partnership of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in North Devon, 2019-
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Adopted Marine Natural Capital Plan developed through the Marine Pioneer of the 25 Year Environment Plan and Natural Capital Strategy through its Landscape Pioneer
URL https://www.northdevonbiosphere.org.uk
 
Description Gave evidence to shape UK plastics policy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://consult.defra.gov.uk/environmental-quality/consultation-on-proposals-to-ban-commonly-littere...
 
Description Recorded dialogue with Amanda Solloway MP, Minister for Science, Research & Innovation for Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office COP26 activities
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Written evidence to shape Scottish plastics policy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.gov.scot/publications/draft-environmental-protection-single-use-plastic-products-oxo-deg...
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Airlangga University
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Asian Institute of Technology
Country Thailand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Bandung Institute of Technology
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Enviu
Country Netherlands 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Esa Unggul University
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Government of Indonesia
Country Indonesia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government.
Impact We propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS)
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Udayana University
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation Udayana University
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution . PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling draws on the membership of the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team.
Collaborator Contribution To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index.
Impact We propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) 
Organisation University of Plymouth
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI Professor Susan Jobling, aquatic ecotoxicologist (WOS >20,000 citations; H index 44) brings a 15 year record of interdisciplinary research leadership experience. As Founder and Director of the Institute of Environment, Health and Societies since 2014, Jobling provides strategic leadership for Institute members (c. 150 members and 68 collaborating countries) from a wide variety of disciplines. The PISCES team draws on the membership of the Institute and on the Indian Ocean Plastics in Society Research and Innovation Hub https://www.plasticsinsociety.global/ which Jobling set up. It balances experienced leaders and early career researchers with excellent track records (>£100M in research funding; >1000 papers cited over 50,000 times within the last decade alone). The project will benefit from a wealth of previously and currently funded projects awarded to the team. Dr Eleni Iacovidou will lead WP 5. Iacovidou is an expert in methods and metrics for assessing the sustainability of resource recovery systems. With Velis, she pioneered a new multidimensional whole systems assessment approach, 'Complex Value Optimisation for Resource Recovery' (CVORR), that combines environmental, economic engineering and social science disciplines to prevent dissipation of value into waste and optimise the complex value of the whole system. Ceschin (BUL) will lead WP6. Lecturer in Design for Sustainability, Ceschin has 13 years of experience in design for sustainability and circular economy. He is expert in innovation of productservice systems integrating socio-ethical, environmental and economic sustainability principles and in co-design methods and tools to support participatory activities. He has been PI and Co-I in 21 international and national research projects and has explored business models to shift from single use to reusable packaging systems ('OpenFood' EPSRC; 2013-2018). He has experience in capacity building, knowledge transfer and co-design in low- and middle-income countries, having led the International Learning Network on Sustainability (EU-AsiaLink and ERASMUS+) on design for sustainability and circular economy.
Collaborator Contribution To advance state of the art modelling approaches to understand the sources and pathways of plastic waste and identify hotspots, CoI Dr Costas Velis, will lead WP1. Velis is an international expert and advisor on plastics pollution and expert in waste and resource challenges in the Global South. He leads the International Solid Waste Association's (ISWA) Marine Litter Task Force, liaising with key relevant stakeholders in international fora. Velis led the development of 4 different modelling approaches to quantify pollution from macro-plastic waste: the "ISWA Plastics Pollution Calculator" (adopted by Government of Bali), the "SPOT global model" (applied by UN-Habitat to identify waste hotspots in Africa and South Asia), "Zero Leakage by 2040" (for Pew Trust and SYSTEMIQ), and "Waste Flow Diagram" which perform rapid estimations of plastics pollution at city level, in line with SDG11.6.1 He co-created a series of holistic systems assessment tools for resource recovery from waste. The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling.Working closely with WP1, UoP Professor of Marine Biology Professor Richard Thompson OBE and Dr Muhammad Reza Cordova (LIPI), will lead WP2. Cordova has ten years experience working on marine pollution as an ecotoxicologist, including the distribution, occurence and toxicology of marine debris and microplastic in Indonesian Seas. With LIPI members CoI's Nurhati (Journal Editor for Marine Research in Indonesia) and Falahudin, he published a Nature Scientific Reports paper on marine litter focusing on nine rivers in Jakarta and a study of 18 beaches across the Western shores of Indonesia for the Indonesian Government. Thompson is internationally recognised for his research on microplastics, with numerous highly cited papers (many with the Co-Is). His work is supported by NERC, EU Defra and Leverhulme Trust.WP3 will be led by Professor Mel Austen, Head of Sea and Society at PML. Her research integrates (inter alia) marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem modelling, marine ecosystem services, environmental economics, human wellbeing and other social sciences and aims to support application of the natural capital approach, policy development and management for sustainable ecosystems in the UK and internationally. Dr Radisti Praptiwi (Universitas Essa Unggul), a Blue Communities collaborator, will contribute research on ecological monitoring and exploring social-ecological interactions in coastal communities in Indonesia. Currently leading research with local communities mapping ecosystem services and valuation in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve, she is designing participatory action research to change attitudes and behaviour of individuals faced with social-environmental challenges. To inform the marine ecosystems services valuation, Dr Gede Hendrawan Senior Lecturer, and Head of the Marine Computation Laboratory at the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Udayana (UoU) will co-lead WP3 and contribute expertise in oceanographic modelling of particle transport. Hendrawan has published 40 scientific articles since 2005, including several on Marine debris, ranging from research on land based sources to litter movement at sea, supported by the Indonesian Government, CSIRO-Australia, SYSTEMIQ and the 5Gyres. In 2019, he successfully led a research team to develop baseline data for marine debris in Bali. He is part of an expert team formulating Bali's marine spatial plan and the ocean health index. Dr Furqon Azis Ismail (LIPI) will contribute on-shelf circulation and its relation with ocean dynamics. Professor Joyashree Roy (AIT and Jadavpur) will contribute evaluation of socio-economic impacts of plastic waste debris on municipalities, focusing on drainage systems. She is a National Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,internationally recognised for her environmental economics research in developing countries and socio-economic analysis of issues around energy and water resources. Roy is an expert on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding development challenges and lead author of many global reports. She has published on producer behavior analysis and total welfare costs analysis using production function approaches. Her pioneering work on a social accounting matrix for India is very widely used. Roy has been a member of the Nobel-prize winning IPCC for the past three cycles. WP4 will be led by Professor Sabine Pahl and Dr Kayleigh Whyles, experts in public risk perceptions, behavior change applied to plastic pollution. The team in Indonesia includes Dr Eddy Setiadi Soedjono , Head of the ResearchGroup of Centers for Water and Sanitation in the Tropical area (CWASTA) in the Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) and Dr Sudarso, Senior Lecturer of Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Soedjono is Head of the Water Treatment Laboratory and an expert in community empowerment applied to waste systems in low income areas. Sudarso who will co-lead WP4, is an expert in community empowerment, poverty and gender in coastal communities. Dr Amaresh Chakrabarti (IIsc) will contribute expertise on entrepreneurship for creative manufacturable and sustainable designs.Our research programme has been designed to directly inform and enhance action programmes and plans of our Project Partners, creating a research innovation action pipeline joining academia, governments, NGOs and industry (see letters of support). These include the frontline waste collection and management programmes led by SYSTEMIQ (Project STOP and the Bali Partnership) in the two case study areas and The Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs National Plastics Action Plan, on which the team will provide advice. The Indonesian Solid Waste Association will lead on logistical aspects of the data collection and field work (inputs to WP1 and 2) and on stakeholder connections (also supported by Waste for Change). As a social enterprise who ideate and incubate early stage business models, ENVIU will work with the research team to implement the design aspects of our programme (outputs from WP6).
Impact To address this challenge and to complement and inform both national and global efforts, we propose a comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary scientific research programme that brings political, environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to understand and address the causes of failures, rather than treating the symptoms. Our theory of change is based on the principle that in Indonesian (and other) societies effective intervention within the complex adaptive system of plastics requires a structured systems approach that develops deep interdisciplinary understanding of the nature of the complex and adaptive interactions underpinning solid (including plastic) waste management systems, together with a programme of research to trial and test combinations of solutions. The partnerships required to underpin this programme have already been secured and associated preliminary research and innovation projects are completed or on-going. Our research and innovation programme will bring us together to form a multi-national, inter-disciplinary research and innovation team. Our wider stakeholder network (see letters of support) will connect our research with and add value to numerous complementary activities both within and outside Indonesia, driving inter-connectivity between academia and established public-private partnerships. We are aware of several other proposals focused on the Indian Ocean Basin. We will maximize the collaborative efforts of non-GCRF and new GCRF-funded projects, and drive a step change in evidence to support innovation and action on plastics in society in Indonesia.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) Partnership 
Organisation Bandung Institute of Technology
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Partnership to Prevent Plastic Pollution in Indonesian Environments and Societies (PISCES) Summary The PISCES Partnership brings together four UK Universities (Brunel; BUL, Leeds; UoL, Plymouth; UoP and Oxford; Oxf), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) and five Indonesian Universities (Institut Teknologi Bandung; ITB, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember; ITS, Universitas of Essa Unggul; UoEU, Airlangga; UoA and Udayana; UoU), The Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) and the Indian Institute of Science (IIsc). PISCES will work with key action delivery partners in multiple sectors to address the development challenge of reducing the impacts of plastic waste in Indonesian societies by providing underpinning evidence to inform and catalyse intervention programmes.
Collaborator Contribution The WP1 team will be enhanced through collaboration with Dr Emenda Sembiring the Head of ITB Solid and Hazardous Waste Laboratory who will co-lead WP1. Sembiring is a leading expert in solid waste characterisation and management with substantial experience leading solid waste management and recycling and sustainable packaging studies for government and industry. Sembiring led the creation of a multi-sectoral Indonesian Plastics in Society Research and Innovation network, part of a multi-country team for the GCRF Global Challenge Hub proposal "Plastics in Society" in collaboration with Jobling. In 2019, she co-led a sustainable packaging workshop with BUL CoI Dr Fabrizio Ceschin.
Impact The programme structure is designed around a framework of 6 interconnected work packages (WPs) with close linking iterative learning loops throughout (Figure 1). The WPs provide the core integrative requirements of a systems level approach to address all three Themes described in the scope of the call text; understanding the sources and drivers of plastic pollution, assessing impacts, and co- designing interventions, mitigations and adaptations. Each work package will also contribute to training and capacity building. WP1 and 2 will focus on multi-level sources, pathways and fate of plastic waste in the environment, using state of the art modelling and measurement approaches to identify plastic litter and pollution hotspots within anthropogenic and natural systems. WP3 provides analysis of the impacts of plastic waste leakage on ecosystem services, ecosystem functions and social and economic structures. Building this evidence base will continue through the programme and be central to assessing and evaluating the systems of interest before and after the implementation of interventions, but crucially also contribute to the identification and design of interventions (WP4, 5 and 6). WP4 will contribute to the understanding of behavioural and cultural factors associated with the consumption, use and disposal of plastic products in the human systems and contribute to WP5, which provides an integrative systems framework (CVORR) within which to harmonise the various mass and monetary data collections, analyse the whole system and identify local, regional and national systems interventions. The framework is an iterative process that is fed by and feeds into the rest of the WPs and ultimately provides an overall assessment of how to create value from plastic waste, and maximise the efficiency of identified solutions. WP6 involves design, testing and iteration of social and technical solutions to reduce and eliminate plastic leakage and promote system enablement. We will conduct our studies at two different scales,combining measurement, mapping and large scale modelling to (probabilistically) identify and verify plastic leakage hotspots, at an Indonesian wide scale so as to establish key locations for intervention. Then at a local scale we will identify plastic litter items that are most problematic, with more detailed studies within selected Regencies. At these case study sites we will perform more detailed impact assessments and system analytical studies to identify effective points in the plastic supply chain at which to intervene and to examine the benefits that could be gained through the various interventions. We will bring environmental, economic, technical and social disciplines together to build scientific understanding of: cultural and geographic drivers of attitudes and behaviours underlying plastic use and littering, especially in the absence of collection infrastructure; source to sink dynamics of plastic leakage and litter; ecological and economic risks and impacts; and enable development of interventions that eliminate leakage of waste plastic into the Indonesian environment. At one of these sites, in collaboration with our Project Partners, SYSTEMIQ, Enviu , IWP, InSWA, Waste4Change and other partners stakeholders, we will set up a Living Laboratory to co-develop, test, and deliver various solutions, focusing on combinations of upstream and downstream interventions to reduce the production and consumption of plastic and the generation and release of plastic waste. The outputs from the Living Laboratory will inform intervention programmes led by our Project Partners across Indonesia and more globally, and be translated into measurable real-world outcomes towards delivery of the SDGs through our multi- stakeholder, NGO, industry and government networks.
Start Year 2018
 
Description speaker at the International Partnership Workshop For Early Career Researchers (ECRs) in Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact speaker at the International Partnership Workshop For Early Career Researchers (ECRs) jointly organised by the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund (NUOF) and the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) Blue Communities Malaysian Case Study, aiming at preparing the ECRs for international interdisciplinary research collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A talk to a wide range of Indonesian stakeholders with interests in plastic pollution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Presentation of the PISCES programme to a wide range of stakeholders to gain their cooperation and collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://www.piscespartnership.org
 
Description Academic presentation to Canadian microplastics researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lesley Henderson gave an invited paper on Social Aspects of Plastics Pollution - "Media and Microplastics: Shaping public perceptions and policy" Microplastics Research Cluster, University of British Columbia (UBC) Vancouver
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://allevents.in/online/social-aspects-of-plastic-pollution/10000214390145697
 
Description Engaging in social science and communications to enhance recycling behaviour change with recycling practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Engaged with recycling practitioners to champion social science and communications approaches to recycling behaviours which engaged ongoing interest in my research with follow up requests- • 2021 (November 17) Invited Speaker "Plastics and Publics: The role of communications in meeting the recycling challenge" RECOUP industry event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.recoup.org/p/392/recoup-webinars-2022
 
Description Futures 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact In September 2021, over 500 individuals and families locally and across the South West joined us to discover research across science, heritage, health and history, and meet the University of Plymouth researchers who work to make a difference to our daily lives.

FUTURES2021 brought research to life in new and exciting ways online and in-person, with a whole host of events ranging from storytelling to panel discussions, comedy, quizzes and broadcasts on community radio stations.

FUTURES is an annual public engagement festival dedicated to showcasing research and innovation, as part of the 2021 European Researchers' Night celebrations. With more than 300 cities across 30 European countries taking part, this exciting annual event showcases the South West's rich scientific and cultural heritage through fun, interactive learning with the Universities of Bath, Bath Spa, Bristol, Exeter and Plymouth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.plymouth.ac.uk/research/futures2021
 
Description Joint Industry/ academic focused publication 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Lesley Henderson and Edward Kosior co wrote an editorial/opinion piece for industry recycling magazine Recycle Now to encourage engagement in recycling issues in the current pandemic context and publicise SSPP research involving social science and industry in a unique collaboration. Kosior, E. and Henderson, L. (2021) Opinion: Unblocking the road to plastic recycling. Let's Recycle. November 29. https://www.letsrecycle.com/news/opinion-unblocking-road-plastic-recycling/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.letsrecycle.com/news/opinion-unblocking-road-plastic-recycling/
 
Description Science Communications Workshop Leader for Pan European science communications practitioners The Future of Science Communication Conference brings together European actors from research and practice of science communication. It is co-organised by Wissenschaft im Dialog, the organization for science communication in Germany, and ALLEA, the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities.Berlin. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Engaged in leading a workshop exploring science communication in uncertain times which led to additional requests for engagement and collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://allea.org/future-of-science-communication/#:~:text=The%20Future%20of%20Science%20Communicati...
 
Description Talk or Presentation to the Indonesian government 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Engagement of Indonesian government with the PISCES Programme to achieve their collaboration and cooperation . This was achieved
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://www.piscespartnership.org
 
Description Talk to industry consortium to share social science insights on plastics packaging and behaviour change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk to Nextloopp consortium to share insights from my social science research with audiences and households regarding recycling and to engage business in understanding the importance of social dimensions of the plastics problem
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Talk to the multinational toy industry regarding plastics pollution and behaviour change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 2021 (February) Invited speaker. "Entertaining for Social Change: Case studies in Sustainability" Toys as a Force for Good. Webinar event with major toy industry/brands (including Hasbro, Mittel, CBeebies) Organised by Extended Plastics Partnership for Innovation in Circularity and Products of Change with Wastebuster, a leading UK not-for-profit environmental educational organisation. The event explored how cross-sector working through a new collective impact partnership programme, could unlock considerable social, economic, and environmental benefits for society (UK and International) There was considerable interest with follow up requests
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.productsofchange.com/news-article/join-webinar-on-circular-economy-for-toys/
 
Description WP2 presentation to the PISCES Advisory Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact WP2 presentation to the PISCES Advisory Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description WP2 workshop for project participants and stakeholders/data holders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact WP2 workshop for project participants and stakeholders/data holders to identify existing data sets and hence needs for new data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description chair a Royal Society of Biology's 'Policy Lates' panel event 'Why protect ocean biodiversity?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to chair a Royal Society of Biology's 'Policy Lates' panel event 'Why protect ocean biodiversity?' (online, evening, 15/11/2021) with 4 speakers. We explored the different benefits humans derive from marine organisms and ecosystems and why biodiversity is important for many aspects of life outside of the ocean. The event explored the value of marine biodiversity within the context of novel pharmaceuticals, and the interactions between the marine environment and the global climate as well as the social and policy challenges of developing international conservation targets for the world's oceans.

The Policy Lates series is a partnership of five RSB Member Organisations: British Pharmacological Society, Biochemical Society, Society for Applied Microbiology, Society for Experimental Biology, and The Physiological Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.rsb.org.uk/news/experts-take-a-deep-dive-into-the-importance-of-ocean-biodiversity