An Integrated Study of Air Pollutant Sources in the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Surrey
Department Name: Civil and Environmental Engineering

Abstract

Delhi was rated the most polluted city in the world for ambient air pollution by the WHO in 2014. Some 46 million people live in and around Delhi - 18m in the city, and the remainder in the surrounding National Capital Region (NCR). Annual mean levels of particulate matter (PM), the most important air pollutant for health in Delhi, exceeded WHO guidelines by a factor of 15 during 2014, and are responsible for very substantial chronic and acute health impacts, with attendant economic costs. Development of effective strategies for improvement in air quality requires quantitative understanding of the sources, formation processes, regional budgets and chemical and physical nature of airborne particulate matter; however, such knowledge is not yet available.

ASAP-Delhi addresses this requirement: The project will provide a quantitative assessment of the sources, characteristics, abundance and formation processes for PM in Delhi and the surrounding NCR. The project is designed to address key science questions (below), with a philosophy of obtaining insights into pollutant sources and budgets from high quality direct observation - i.e. based upon measurement of the species actually present in the air at ground level within Delhi, without dependence upon other data. The project represents a focussed collaboration between leading researchers from the UK (Birmingham, Surrey) and India (IITD, NPL), who have a track record of successful joint collaboration and publications from previous funded air quality projects in Delhi.

ASAP-Delhi will (i) perform the most detailed physical and chemical characterisation of PM present in Delhi, and in the surrounding National Capital Region (NCR) to date; (ii) produce source profiles (chemical signatures) for the principal PM sources in Delhi; (iii) identify and quantify the contributions of different sources to the PM burden in Delhi (and the NCR) - for both PM mass concentration and particle number [with differing implications for health], by application of multiple, independent, established and novel receptor modelling approaches, such as chemical mass balance, radiocarbon, and number size distribution based source apportionment; (iv) estimate the impact of NCR emissions upon air quality in Delhi (key to effective regional air quality policy) and (v) evaluate a series of new hypotheses for the formation of PM during pollution episodes, essential for accurate model predictions of future PM levels.

We will address these objectives through a series of field observations, combining online measurements with state-of-the-science offline analyses, in Delhi (urban background locations - year round sampling combined with two "intensives"), the surrounding NCR (seasonal measurements at five sites) and a rural background location (150 km upwind). Our measurement strategy combines (i) established methodologies - to deliver a high quality, systematic, coherent measurement dataset, with a novel spatial distribution - and (ii) new state-of-the-science tools and analytical approaches. This provides a balance between international quality observations (in support of ASAP-Delhi and other programme components) and novel metrics, whilst also recognising the realities of fieldwork in such environments. ASAP-Delhi will draw upon results of other projects in the APHH India programme, and will provide the key observational insights in support of air quality model development, evaluation of human health impacts, and development of mitigation policies in the wider programme.

In addressing public health, policy and development issues, and providing a platform to enhance air pollution research in India, ASAP-Delhi addresses the ODA support categories of (i) people and (ii) research programmes, in addition to providing a step-change in understanding of the sources of PM in Delhi (the key insight required by policymakers).

Planned Impact

The key impact from ASAP-Delhi will be to deliver a step-change in understanding of the sources and processes forming of air pollutants in Delhi, providing science insight for policymakers to use in developing air pollution control measures. In conjunction with other projects within the Indian Megacity programme, this will lead to improved health and wellbeing for millions of people in Delhi - the ultimate beneficiaries.

We have identified three tiers of non-academic beneficiaries from the project, alongside the scientific / research community:

Tier 1: Stakeholders who will be direct beneficiaries of this project, with sustained engagement, e.g. the DPCC (Delhi Pollution Control Committee).

Tier 2: Wider stakeholders who have clear interests in the outcome of this project and the wider programme, and who may be directly engaged in the work, e.g. governmental departments such as the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) and CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board).

Tier 3: Stakeholders who have a broader interest in the findings of the overall programme; for example, the media, WHO, the World Bank, private sector businesses in directly affected areas, and the general public.

Research Community: The project findings will be of direct relevance to researchers working in on air pollution issues - sources, processes and impacts - in Delhi and related environments.


They will benefit in the following ways:

Tier 1: The PM source apportionment results are essential for developing air pollution control strategies and will therefore provide direct insight for policy makers including the DPCC. In addition, the source apportionment and air pollutant process understanding will also indirectly benefit policy makers by constraining and improving predictive air quality models, which are the basis for developing long-term and short-term air pollution control strategies.

Tier 2: Air pollution control requires actions from other governmental departments such as those responsible for transportation. The results from ASAP-Delhi will provide direct assessment of the relative importance of different sectors to air pollution loading in Delhi and surrounding areas. This will help these stakeholders to identify potential policy actions to control air pollution in the most effective manner.

Tier 3: Delhi is the most polluted city in the world for ambient air quality (WHO, 2014). Thus, it serves as a natural laboratory to study air pollution on human health. Our results will benefit health effect studies within the programme by providing detailed physical and chemical characteristics of PM in Delhi. This will be of interest to Tier 3 stakeholders such as WHO which is keen to more accurately and precisely quantify air pollution impacts on human health. Environmental agencies elsewhere will benefit from this work via the overall programme in providing improved understanding of air pollution impacts on human health.

Ultimate beneficiaries - the general population of Delhi will benefit eventually from the contributions of ASAP-Delhi, and the overall programme, to identification of optimal air quality control strategies, leading to improved well being and health.


Steps to maximise impact with these beneficiaries are outlined in the ASAP-Delhi Pathways to Impact document, which will be delivered collaboratively with other projects in the overall APHH-India Programme.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Preliminary work and findings from Kumar et al., 2017 (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749116313124):
Effect of odd-even traffic trial on PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations in Delhi are analysed.
• PM2.5 and PM10 were the highest during winter and lowest during monsoon season.
• High tempo-spatial variability in baseline PM was observed at different sites.
• Unlike PM10, the effect of odd-even was highest on PM2.5 during peak traffic hours.
• Persistence of overnight emissions from heavy goods vehicles made early odd-even hours ineffective. The first set of the experimental campaign in Delhi finished during winter 2018. The data analysis and preparation for summer campaigns are in progress.

Findings from Sharma et al., 2018 (https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/reveh.2018.33.issue-1/reveh-2017-0032/reveh-2017-0032.xml):
The study aims at describing the extent of air pollution in Delhi, the magnitude of health problems due to air pollution and the risk relationship between air pollution and associated health effects. We synthesized the findings and discuss them at length with respect to reported values, their possible interpretations and any limitations of the methodology. The chemical composition of ambient air pollution is also discussed. Further, we discuss the magnitude of health problem with respect to chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, bronchial asthma and other illnesses.

Ongoing work
We have completed three intensive campaigns to collect all required samples and primary data in Delhi. A total number of s 202 filter sample have collected about. All samples are ready for chemical analysis and further assessment. At the moment we are waiting for the results of the chemical analysis that would be very useful and answered most of the research questions of in the ASAP-Delhi project. In the meantime, we are working on some data to understand and get some basic ideas about PM2.5 and PM10 at all different sites. We are working on the associated publications.
Exploitation Route While we wait for findings from the fieldwork the preliminary assessment of PM data during odd-even trail has pointers on entry and exit times of heavy-duty vehicles in Delhi, a useful finding for regulatory authorities in Delhi. Additionally, the results from the recent journal publications were also presented that aim to understand and identify the impact of local and regional sources of pollution on particulate matter and gaseous pollutants across Delhi-NCR region
Sectors Environment,Transport

URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210670719335449?via%3Dihub
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities
Amount £139,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Surrey 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 07/2020
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation Addis Ababa University
Country Ethiopia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation American University in Cairo
Country Egypt 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation Guangzhou University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation National University of Colombia
Country Colombia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)
Department Stockholm Environment Institute Africa Centre
Country Kenya 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation University of Dhaka
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation University of Malawi
Country Malawi 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description CArE-Cities: Clean Air Engineering for Cities 
Organisation University of Sulaimani
Country Iraq 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As part of the CArE-Cities project which funded by the GCRF, we built a new international network with eleven official development assistance (ODA) countries across South-East Asia, Latin America, the Middle-East and Africa. CArE-Cities involves 11 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) listed countries and aspires to bring cleaner air to cities by building a knowledge exchange platform. Its activities include joint workshops, researchers exchange, build research proposal and writing bids, and pilot studies to address urban development and health impact assessment agendas in ODA countries.
Collaborator Contribution Objectives CArE-Cities aims to develop a scientific framework for managing air pollution impacts on the health of people in selected ODA cities. This project will help set-up an international networking platform, building upon Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) collaborators, and also carry out pilot studies in ODA cities. CArE-Cities will collaborate with 11 DAC-listed countries including upper middle-income countries (Brazil, China, Colombia), lower middle income and other lower-income countries (Egypt, India, Kenya) and least developed countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi and Bangladesh). Given the resource constraints, we divide partners into three layers depending on the level of our research and engagement activities: Frontrunner cities Frontrunner cities will carry out pilot studies. Follower cities Follower cities are expected to initiate pilot studies on their own; participate in CArE-Cities workshops and we will donate one low-cost pollution sensor to each of them to carry out pilot studies adopting the approach developed and used in our frontrunner cities. Observer cities Observer cities will be invited to workshop as participants and they will share their experiences and feedback during workshops. CArE-Cities will make novel contributions to the air pollution problem in the transport sector of chosen cities building upon past and ongoing projects, researchers exchange, pilot studies and workshops. Our concept of frontrunner, follower and observer cities will ensure engagement and benefit to everyone involved.
Impact 1. Nogueira, T., Kumar, P., Nardocci, A., and Andrade, M. de F., 2020. Public health implications of particulate matter inside bus terminals in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, 711, 135064. 2. Kumar, P., Adelodun, A.A., Khan, M.F., Krisnawati, H., and Garcia-Menendez, F., 2020. Towards an improved understanding of greenhouse gas emissions and fluxes in tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 53, 101881. 3. Abbass, R.A., Kumar, P., and El-Gendy, A., 2020. Car users exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants in megacity Cairo. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102090.
Start Year 2019
 
Description press relaseses and workshops 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact We have engaged public by dessimanting projet results and outcomes in news and twitter to inform public about current sitatuion of air pollutuion in Delhi. We have listed below all press relaseses already published by severl media
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.surrey.ac.uk/news/new-study-shows-dominance-local-air-pollution-sources-delhi