River basins as 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals across national and sub-national scales

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Interdisciplinary Studies

Abstract

While countries around the world are striving to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), policies and actions put in place to achieve the 17 goals and 169 targets may lead to inequitable development at the sub-national scale. Although this possibility is recognized, it is currently under-investigated. This project addresses this gap by analysing cross-scale synergies and trade-offs between goals and targets, while also considering how national level policies related to the SDGs impact development at the sub-national scale, represented here by a large river basin. More generally, the project aims to develop an approach that is replicable in other river basins globally and to provide policy recommendations to remove or mitigate the trade-offs so helping to achieve equitable development across river basins.

The analysis will be carried out at the scale of a large river basin, which is a relevant geography to analyse human-environment interactions at the sub-national scale because it provides natural boundaries where upstream-downstream processes can be analysed precisely. Most river basins globally are highly managed to provide various services to populations both locally and further afield, including at the national level (e.g. for food, water and energy security). It is therefore possible for policies to be enacted that, for example, favour food production in a specific location of a river basin (e.g. a delta) to achieve national food security goals at the expense of the environment locally (e.g. through excessive use of agricultural inputs). Upstream development, such as dams can help deliver national-level energy security targets but can negatively impact downstream locations from environmental (e.g. reduction of sediment flows) or natural hazard perspectives (e.g. increasing risk of flooding in case of structural failure).

We will focus on the Luanhe river basin in China, a sub-basin of the Haihe, one of the seven largest basins in China. This basin is relevant because of its extent, and because of the rapid development that is taking place within its boundaries, including construction of the Panjiakou and Daheiting reservoirs on the Luanhe River which supply the mega-city of Tianjin and other cities. It suffers from a severe imbalance between water supply and demand and many initiatives are underway to address this, allowing for a detailed analysis of synergies and trade-offs generated by these activities. Rural transformation in parts of the Luanhe is applicable in other countries as is urbanisation in its lower reaches, which will allow for the research to be of relevance internationally. The trade-offs between rapid economic development, increases in people's living standards and environmental degradation/protection issues, which are characteristics of China's development in general, are also present in the basin. The basin is data rich, its development is directly linked to enforcement of national level policies, and various non-academic stakeholders, representing actors from the national to the community levels, have already agreed to co-develop the research with us.

Initially, we will investigate interlinkages between environmental hazards (relevant for various Goals), climate change (SDG13), water resources (SDG6), energy (SDG7), ecological health (with a focus on SDG15), and urbanization (SDG11). We will focus on policy incentives and interventions in terms of infrastructure development, water, disaster risk reduction, energy security and urbanization. To achieve this, we will co-develop basin development and land use change scenarios with a wide range of stakeholders. These scenarios will serve as a basis to capture changes in hydrology, sediment transport, water quality, and ecosystem services within the basin. The outputs from these assessments will subsequently be used in a modified version of the SDG Interlinkages Tool which has already been tested for China at the national scale.

Planned Impact

The project will engage from the onset with a broad range of stakeholders and non-academic end-users of our research. A group of stakeholders has already been identified and integrated in the proposed project and will be expanded during project implementation to ensure effective co-development, dissemination and uptake of research outputs to achieve wide reaching economic and societal impact.

Different groups of stakeholders will directly benefit from the proposed research. It is generally recognised that development driven by national or high-level policies to achieve SDGs may ultimately lead to development inequalities within a country or region. The proposed research will create improved understanding of the issues and deliver tools and findings for the decision-makers to develop better informed policies to achieve cross-scale equitable development by minimizing trade-offs and maximizing synergies between SDGs, leading to substantial societal and economic benefits to the local communities in the longer run. Through the researcher-stakeholder-community partnership established and evolved during the project duration, the project team will work together to ensure the communities' voices are heard, their problems are understood and integrated into the research. The extended SDG Interlinkages Tool will be very valuable for policy and decision-makers addressing development issues at all governance scales. This tool will help integration of decision making across sectors as well as providing a rapid diagnosis as to where major trade-offs between SDGs will take place at the sub-national scale for given policies. Development alternatives that minimize these trade-offs and maximize synergies could then be sought.

A critical element of the proposed research is for the project to be relevant to river basins globally, although development and testing will use the Luanhe river basin. This transferability will be facilitated by extending the SDG Interlinkages Tool, through consultations with river basin authorities (or their equivalents) in Japan, the UK and China, as well as in the Philippines and other countries where project partners are currently active, and by the dissemination strategy of the project targeting the international scientific community as well as policy-makers at the global scale. The scientific community will be informed through participation of project members at key conferences and workshops and through a series of at least six papers planned to be published in leading scientific journals. Policy-makers at the international level will be engaged through two events: (1) ISAP-2020 which is co-organized by project partner IGES and by the United Nations University. This is a public outreach event involving participation from UN and international organisations, the business sector, the press and media; and (2) the United Nations High-level Political Forum where we plan to present our policy brief during a side event organized by IGES (July 2020).

The management plan of the proposed research emphasises the central role of a variety of stakeholders from the beginning to the end of the project, with various consultation loops being put in place, as a mechanism to ensure relevance of research outputs and therefore to increase the potential impact of project activities.

Data (as detailed in the Data Management Plan) and papers will be made readily available as soon as possible, including the series of at least six journal articles which will be published open access.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Title Luanhe Living Lab 
Description A short film was produced to communicate with non-scientific audiences about the project and its key outputs. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2022 
Impact N/A 
URL https://luanhelivinglab.home.blog/
 
Description We developed four scenarios of land use change named Trend, Expansion, Sustainability, and Conservation to explore changes in land use to 2030 in the river basin. This is important because most services ecosystems can supply us will come from these land uses and this has a direct link to many Sustainable Goals and Targets. The scenarios were designed based on different socio-economic development and environmental protection targets, local plans and policies, and the information from a stakeholders' workshop. Results from the modelling work indicated that the basin is likely to experience agricultural (crop and livestock) intensification (SDG 2) and urban growth (SDG 11) under all four scenarios. The cropland intensity and the urban growth rate were much higher under the historical trend (Trend) scenario compared to those with more planning interventions (Expansion, Sustainability, and Conservation scenarios). The most significant increase of livestock density in grassland is projected under the Expansion scenario. Importantly, unless the forest area and biodiversity conservation targets are implemented (Conservation scenario), the forest areas are projected to decrease under three scenarios by 2030 (SDG 15). Water scarcity (SDG 6) in the basin is likely to increase under all the scenarios, and the carbon storage (SDG 13) will increase under the Conservation scenarios but decrease under all other three scenarios (Trend, Expansion, and Sustainability) by 2030. Our results indicate that implementing future ecological restoration projects and protection policies could be an important strategy for maximizing the synergy of SDGs 6, 11, 13, 15, but could potentially hinder the achievement of SDG 2.

The land uses and land use changes served as a basis to quantify ecosystem services (that contribute to human well-being) and ecosystem disservices (than can negatively affect human well being). Forests and water bodies provided the highest overall ecosystem services (ES) capacities, while the lowest scores were reached in built-up and unused land areas. Built-up land and cropland provided the highest overall ecosystem disservices (EDS), while the lowest EDS scores were for water bodies. An ecosystem services potential index (ESPI) was computed for all the ES and was sown to decline from 1980 to 2018 and was predicted to continue declining until 2030 without sustainable and conservation development strategies (i.e. Sustainability and Conservation scenarios). From this, we recommend establishing and implementing sustainable environmental protection policies as well as cross-regional and trans-provincial eco-compensation schemes for maximizing synergies and reducing trade-offs between SDGs and associated targets on the sub-national scale.

A hydrodynamic model was applied to predict flood scenarios in 2030 associated with different land-use changes reflecting various development strategies and climate change scenarios (see above). Comparing with the baseline simulation in 2015, we found that croplands and grasslands were consistently the most impacted land-use types in terms of flood extent for all future scenarios. The Trend scenario will create the highest flood risk to the build-up areas among the four scenarios. Climate change may lead to more extreme rainstorms and subsequently increase the intensity of design rainfall. Whilst the design rainfall taking into account climate change will lead to increased total flood area across the whole basin, no remarkable change was detected in terms of the distribution of flooded areas across different land-use types. The existence of key infrastructures, such as the Panjiakou and Daheiting dams/reservoirs, does not seem to significantly change flood extent for different land-use types across the whole basin, but could dramatically reduce the risk to people at the more local level as the number of people impacted by flooding is significantly reduced with the dams considered in the simulation.

The above information was used to develop a new version of an SDG interlinkage tool originally developed by project partner IGES. This new version allowed for interlinkages between sustainable goals and targets to be captured and analyzed at the sub-national scale. Using the tool with information provided by activities described above and other databases, with obtained the following results:

(1) Improvement in the access to water and sanitation helped achieve many social SDG targets including health improvement, poverty eradication, etc., but at the same time contributed to water pollution,
(2) Negative relationships of agricultural productivity improvement with economic growth and with employment in many counties indicated a shift from agricultural activities to other activities (e.g. industrial activities) as the engine for local economic growth. Reduction in agricultural activities contributed to afforestation in some areas. However, agricultural activities have contributed to water-related issues such as water pollution and intensified water stress,
(3) Improved ecosystem services, represented by the forest coverage, contributed to agricultural productivity improvement, economic growth, poverty eradication, and tourism,
(4) Fisheries contributed to local economic growth, poverty eradication and improvement in nutrition, however caused water related problems such as water pollution and water stress. This was further validated by field survey results,
(5) Rural development contributed to local economic development and the achievement in poverty eradication contributed to economic growth and access to drinking water and sanitation,
(6) Urbanisation contributed to economic growth and employment, but also impacted land use and climate change,
(7) Water pollution presented as a pressure on economic growth and ecosystem services, fisheries, food security and contributing to intensified water stress.

From the research, we have developed policy recommendations around water and infrastructure management, compensation mechanisms for conservation and restoration activities in the basin, urban development and the maintenance or enhancement of ecosystem services in the region.
Exploitation Route The interactive online tool to assess how the observed and projected changes in river basins relate to various Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their associated targets, from both a spatial and temporal perspective has been developed and released. We aim to continuously promote this tool nationally and internationally, particularly in other contexts than the Luanhe river basin in order to inform development activities in river basins globally.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Energy,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism

 
Description Chinese Scholarship Council
Amount £57,600 (GBP)
Funding ID 201906200125 
Organisation Chinese Scholarship Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country China
Start 08/2019 
End 09/2023
 
Description Fit-for-purpose high-resoLution risk Assessment and forecasting System for rainfall-induced Hazards in Bhutan
Amount £161,637 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2021 
End 03/2022
 
Description GCRF_NF292: Social and environmental impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic in Vietnamese provinces bordering China and Laos following border closure
Amount £287,528 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/V043218/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2020 
End 04/2022
 
Title High-resolution hydrodynamic modelling for flood risk assessment 
Description The method involves using a high-performance two-dimensional hydrodynamic model (HiPIMS) to simulate detailed flood hydrodynamics from multiple sources across a large domain. The simulation results are then coupled with spatial datasets from remote sensing and/or social economic data to assess flood impact. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The approach has been applied in several UKRI funded research projects to support flood risk assessment including the current project, e.g. FUTURE-DRAINAGE (NE/S016678/1); 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals (NE/S012427/1); ValBGI (NE/S00288X/1); WeACT (NE/S005919/1); GCRF Living Deltas Hub (NE/S008926/1). 
 
Title Interactive SDG Tool for River Basins 
Description This tool enables to visualise the interactions between relevant SDG targets for achieving sustainable development at the river basin scale. The tool provides a qualitative SDG interlinkages model for river basins in general and a quantitative model tailored for China's Luanhe River Basin, which is selected for a case study under the 'Luanhe Living Lab' project. Full details are accessible via Zhou et al (2022) - https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11625-021-01065-z 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Quantification of the SDG interlinkages for 27 counties in the Luanhe River Basin, China. The novel methodology can be used to support integrated water resource management in river basins internationally. 
URL https://sdginterlinkages.iges.jp/luanhe/SDGInterlinkagesAnalysis.html
 
Title Catchment/city-scale hydrodynamic model for flood modelling and impact assessment 
Description Based on open-source spatial datasets, i.e. DEM, land-use maps, etc., a flood model has been developed and set up using the in-house hydrodynamic modelling system HiPIMS (i.e. High-Performance Integrated hydrodynamic Modelling System) for simulation of rainfall induced flood inundation across the entire basin. The model provides high-resolution (depending on availability of high-resolution DEMs) information, e.g. flood depth, velocity, duration, etc., for further assessing impact or risk from flooding. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The model, HiPIMS, has been applied in several UKRI funded research projects to support flood modelling and risk assessment including the current project, e.g. FUTURE-DRAINAGE (NE/S016678/1); 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals (NE/S012427/1); ValBGI (NE/S00288X/1); WeACT (NE/S005919/1); GCRF Living Deltas Hub (NE/S008926/1). 
 
Title Ecosystem types and their respective ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (EDS) in the Luanhe River Basin, China 
Description This dataset includes polygons representing ecosystem types (ET) and their respective ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (EDS) in the Luanhe River Basin, with attributes recording 14 ecosystem types (ET), 11 provisioning services (PS), ten regulating services (RS), five cultural services (CS), 7 Ecological integrity indicators (EI), and 11 ecosystem disservices (EDS). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact N/A 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/id/2252d8a4-0ef3-403f-b2c3-3f7acbcac1d5
 
Title Flood risk assessment of the Luanhe river basin under different development strategies and climate scenarios 
Description The dataset describes the data needed for and results produced by the flood risk assessment framework under different development strategies of Luanhe river basin under a changing climate. The Luanhe river basin is located in the northeast of the North China Plain (115°30' E-119°45' E, 39°10' N-42°40' N) of China, is an essential socio-economic zone on its own in North-Eastern China, and also directly contributes to and influences the socio-economic development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The dataset here used for investigating the flood risk includes (1) uplifts of future climate scenarios to 2030 (2) the validation results of a historical event that happened in 2012; (3) the flood inundation prediction under different development strategies and climate scenarios to 2030; (4) and the spatial resident density map in Luanhe river basin to 2030. Wherein, the uplifts of the future climate change is generated based on the NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projections (NEX-GDDP) dataset and will be applied to the future design rainfall to represent the future climate scenarios; a 2012 event is select to validate the flood model, and the remote sensing data is adopted as real-world observation data; considering the uplifts and future land use data as input, the validated flood model is applied to produce flood inundation prediction under different development strategies and climate scenarios to 2030; and the inundation results are used to overlay the Gridded Population of the World, Version 4 (GPWv4) and then calculate the flood risk map of the local resident. These data are mainly open data or produced by authors. With all these data, the flood risk of the Luanhe river basin in the near future (2030) can be assessed. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This dataset provides flood risk assessment results for Luanhe River Basin, China under different climate and development scenarios. This will potentially provide values information to inform local development policies and decision-making. 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/id/82055942-386a-4a8b-b2a1-0c3eea12b168
 
Title Land use maps under the trend, expansion, sustainability, and conservation scenarios in 2030 in the Luanhe River Basin, China by using the CLUMondo Model 
Description Dataset contains the Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) map under four scenarios (Trend, Expansion, Sustainability, and Conservation) in 2030 in the Luanhe River Basin (LRB), China, with a resolution of 1km. The scenarios were based on different socio-economic development and environmental protection targets, local plans and policies, and the information from a stakeholders' workshop, to explore land system evolution trajectories of the LRB and major challenges that the river basin may face in the future. The map includes nine different land use classes: 1) Extensive cropland, 2) Medium intensive cropland, 3) Intensive cropland, 4) Forest, 5) Grassland with low livestock, 6) Grassland with high livestock, 7) Water, 8) Built-up area and 9) Unused land. The land system classification is based on three main classification factors: (1) land use and cover, (2) livestock, and (3) agricultural intensity. The data was funded by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) through the Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) Towards a Sustainable Earth (TaSE) programme, for the project "River basins as 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals across national and sub-national scales" (Grant no. NE/S012427/1) . 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact N/A 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/id/a94640dc-fe21-4c38-936b-d62dfca0c952
 
Description Conference session organized at the International Forum for Sustainable Asia and the Pacific 2020 (online) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We organized one of the sessions at the International Forum for Sustainable Asia and the Pacific 2020 (online) which was attended by over 60 participants. The session was entitled "Understanding SDG Synergies and Trade-offs for Sustainable, Resilient and Inclusive Development" and was centred on our project with contributions from a couple other projects. There was a good discussion after the presentations and discussions with two colleagues subsequently to develop future research cooperation. We also released our first project-related research brief on that occasion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://isap.iges.or.jp/2020/en/tt4.html
 
Description Field visit and engagement with multiple stakeholders in the Luanhe River basin 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We organized a field visit to the Luanhe River basin in October 2019 with most of the project team participating (all work-packages represented). During this visit, we met with many officials from government agencies both at the national level (in Beijing) and at the local level. This was the opportunity to present the project and engage with these stakeholders to discuss the proposed activities, listen to their priorities and present the ideas behind the SDG inter-linkage tool being developed through the project (a demo version was available). This triggered many interesting discussions and interest, with continued interactions with some of the key stakeholders continuing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited Lecture at the University of Glasgow's Adam Smith Business School (online) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Over 20 postgraduate students attended onlone a lecture on sustainable development with a focus on the project, with a good question and answer session afterwards. Students were intorduced to novel concepts around the topic of SDG synergies and tradeoffs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Luanhe Living Lab website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Website aiming to provide regular project updates to interested parties and promotion of project outcomes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://luanhelivinglab.home.blog/
 
Description Presentation at UK-China Workshop - Sustainable and Inclusive Climate Adaptation and Resilience in a Carbon Neutral Future: Local Leadership for A Global Goal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at UK-China Workshop on "Sustainable and Inclusive Climate Adaptation and Resilience in a Carbon Neutral Future: Local Leadership for A Global Goal" which was part of the COP26 Adaptation and Resilience events series and organized by the Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21 (ACCA21), affiliated to China Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), and UKRI. Presentation title: River basins as 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals across national and sub-national scales.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.ukri.org/our-work/responding-to-climate-change/ukri-towards-cop26/climate-adaptation-and...
 
Description Presentation at the Earth Systems Research Group Seminar Series, School of Geographical & Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Postgraduate Research students and research staff attended this seminar, which sparked questions and discussions afterwards. The audience reported increased interest in the research about minimising the trade-off and maximising the synergies between SDGs at a sub-national scale.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation at the Solway Seminar Series, School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Postgraduate Research students and research staff attended this seminar, which sparked questions and discussions afterwards. The audience reported increased interest in the research about the modelling of ecosystem services and land-use changes and the potential long-term impact of this project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Presentation of SDG Interlinkages Tool at High-Level Political Forum Exhibitions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Project partner IGES' SDG Interlinkages Analysis & Visualisation Tool was selected as one of twenty cases or tools at the High-Level Political Forum Exhibitions, held virtually from 7 to 16, July, 2020. The High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) of the United Nations is the central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals. The 2020 HLPF Exhibitions was organized by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) to showcase the best innovative experiences and mobilize a wide range of stakeholders in support of SDGs. The Exhibitions provided a unique opportunity to feature good practices and success stories of SDG implementation by Member States, civil societies, Private Sector and the UN system organizations. The IGES' SDG Interlinkages Analysis & Visualisation Tool includes a new package of the prototype of the Interactive SDG Tool for River Basins (https://sdginterlinkages.iges.jp/luanhe/index.html), which was developed jointly by IGES, the University of Glasgow, Loughborough University and Nankai University under this project. Through the UNDESA's website, this tool can be accessed by a wide audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/hlpf/2020#exhibit
 
Description Press release: Launch of the IGES "Interactive SDG Tool for River Basins" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This was a press release led by our project partner the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) informing on the release of our project's interactive online tool to assess how the observed and projected changes in river basins relate to various Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their associated targets, from both a spatial and temporal perspective.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.iges.or.jp/en/news/20211209
 
Description Project presentation during the international student recruitment agents event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact More than 50 international student recruitment agents from around the world attended this event, during which the project was presented. The audience was very interested in our project and in particular its focus on sustainable development. Many questions were raised, followed by a discussion. The audience particularly emphasized that the project was a great example of international cooperation for achieving SDGs, which could change their views and boost their knowledge of SDGs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description River SDGs Twitter and We Chat channel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Twitter and WeChat channels used to communicate to a broad audience and generate discussion on project activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/riverSDGs1
 
Description Seminar at Aalto University, Finland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar by Professor Fabrice Renaud at Aalto University (Department of Built Environment) to present explicitly the activities and first results from the River Basins project. This was attended principally by post-graduate researchers and post-doctoral scientists. The group at Aalto University that invited Prof Renaud works extensively in China on water-related issues and increasingly works on related Sustainable Development Goals issues. The seminar allowed for an exchange on these themes and opened up an opportunity for future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Solway Seminar Series Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A presentation on the project was delivered by Prof Fabrice Renaud, Dr Brian Barrett, and Dr Jiren Xu to approximately 30 student and academic staff members at the School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Glasgow on 14th February 2020, initiating discussions on data verification and transferability of approaches to other river basins globally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Stakeholder Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A stakeholder workshop was held at Nankai University in which 14 local and national government representatives participated. The purpose of the workshop was to collate information on the major challenges (social, economic and environmental) and their drivers/in the basin, experiences of flooding or drought events, water pollution events in the basin or in Panjiakou-Daheiting Reservoir, views on ecosystem services and disservices provided by existing and future land use changes, and types of project outputs that they would find most useful to aid their decision making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UNDESA technical workshop on SDGs planning and priority setting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation entitled "Prioritisation of SDGs in the national development plan using IGES SDG Interlinkages Tool: Case studies in Lao PDR, Ethiopia and Tanzania". A discussion of the tool being developed in our project was presented by Dr Zhou Xi of IGES (Japan) during the technical workshop on analytical tools for capacity building on quantitative methods for SDG interactions and integration in national development strategies and integrated planning, organised by UNDESA, 18-19 December 2019, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. This was then further discussed with, among others, governmental officials from Lao PDR, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Tanzania.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019