The University of Liverpool, Department of Physics Particle Physics Rolling Grant

Lead Research Organisation: University of Liverpool
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

Particle physics is the study of the basic components of matter and the forces that bind matter together. The deep theoretical ideas which explain the nature of the Universe around us in terms of its most fundamental constituents can only find confirmation or rejection through the experiments carried out at the world's largest laboratories by particle physicists. Liverpool is one of the three largest university experimental particle physics groups in the UK. A prerequisite for its success are its facilities, which allow it to build major detector components for particle physics experiments. Successful delivery of these components have enabled group members to take major responsibilities at many of the world's frontier particle physics experiments and to make important scientific measurements. The benefits to the UK of having the large groups able to take prominent rôles in this highly competitive field can be summarised in both practical and intellectual terms. The practical benefits stem from the fact that we can attract and develop young people to the highest level of technical and scientific expertise in an extremely competitive international research environment. This is fertile ground for the training of the UK's next generation of scientific leaders. Furthermore, in this highly visible environment, the excellence of our prominent research groups and their scientific programmes attract leading scientists from around the world to UK universities and laboratories. The technological benefits of particle physics to society are also enormous and range from IT (the Web was developed at CERN), to leading edge devices for fields such as medical imaging and sensors to enhance security. More importantly still, in terms of the intellectual benefit, is the central rôle of research into particle physics to all basic science. The fundamental physical processes, that particle physicists study, account for all the physical phenomena observed in the world. For example,uarks and gluons are now known to be the fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons. Protons and neutrons, with electrons (also fundamental particles), make all the elements of which we are composed and that we observe and use in everday life. A detailed understanding of these processes underpins all science and requires extensive experimental and theoretical research. The ultimate goal of particle physics is a complete description of all matter and forces, along with space and time. This grant proposal, for a continuation of our particles physics programme, is a key contribution to the UK programme of research into the fundamental physical processes of the Universe.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description Artice.S2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: "In search of the Origin of Mass" (Royal Society Phil. Trans. A 2006),

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006
 
Description Article.M1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Maxfield wrote an article on "E8" for Physics World (July 2008)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Article.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: "pairing particle physics and a novelist" (Interactions magazine, 2006)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006
 
Description Article.S3 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: "LHC and the origins of the universe" (Fusion magazine, Independent publishing, 2007)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Article.S4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact "Particle Physics and the LHC" (Science in Parliament, 2007)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description CommitteeMembership.2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Participants in your research
Results and Impact Shears is a member of the STFC Science and Society Fellowships panel (2007 onwards)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description CommitteeMembership.5 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Participants in your research
Results and Impact Shears is secretary and honorary treasurer of IOP HEPP group

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description CommitteeMembership.6 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Participants in your research
Results and Impact Shears is member of the IOP Merseyside Branch committee

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description CommitteeMenbership.1 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Participants in your research
Results and Impact Greenshaw is a member of the STFC Small Awards Committee.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description CommitteeMenbership.3 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Participants in your research
Results and Impact Shears: IOP Public Engagement Scheme panel (2007 onwards)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description CommitteeMenbership.4 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Participants in your research
Results and Impact Allport is head of the IOP HEPP group

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description Film 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears was awarded an STFC small award to make five short films about particle physics in 2007. These have been screened on Youtube, shown on BBC community screens around the UK in the two weeks surrounding LHC switch-on. The films featured contributions from Greenshaw, U. Klein and Shears.

translated into three languages, distributed to schools on the IOP 2008 schools lecture DVD and one film was shortlisted at the 2008 International Science Film festival.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008
 
Description Film Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: Interview for a capital of culture celebration university film,

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Film.CERN 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears hosted a short film about the LHC made by CERN, screened at the 2008 Open Day, LHC inauguration and available on YouTube.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Film.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact OMNI communications has filmed a documentary about the construction of the ATLAS detectors, which involved liaison with Allport and Jackson for the Liverpool based segments (2006, 2007)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007
 
Description Film/DVD.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Shears: Interview for Pearson education for an educational DVD to accompany A-level texts on particle physics (2009)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description IET public lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2009: joint lecture in "Young Professionals Event" with Lyn Evans on LHC. Recorded, available online.
2010: lecture in IET belfast. Interviewed.

Repeat invitations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010
 
Description IOP 6th form conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact one hour talk, provided follow-up exercises, answered questions.

invitations to give similar talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description IUSS Select Committee Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact participated in a meeting with the Innovation Universities Science and Skill Select Committee.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description International press interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Irish Times (several).
Many international publications following antimatter/Angels and Demons link (2009).

Repeat requests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011,2012
 
Description International radio interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviews: 2009 antimatter Drivetime (Irel)
2010 3.5 TeV running: ORF (Austria)
2011 Higgs news Newstalk (Irel)
2012 Higgs Newstalk (irel), radio New Zealand.

Repeat calls.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011,2012
 
Description Local radio (UK) interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Various interviews around:
2008: LHC startup (18 UK stations)
2011: neutrinos (11 UK stations)
2012: local Liverpool LHC work (radio merseyside)

go-to contact for particle physics for several UK local radio stations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2011,2012
 
Description Pearson Education interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Interviews on particle physics and LHC to provide supplementary online material for Salters-Horner A level physics course.

Other short films that I made in 2008 with an STFC S&S small award were also included as online materials. These are still used as classroom teaching tools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Physics society talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact IOP SE (2009), UCL chemistry&physics (2010), Liverpool physics (2011). One hour talk on LHC results, Q&A.

repeat invitations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011
 
Description Podcast.S2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Naked Scientists podcast

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Press Briefings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Allport, Dainton and Shears gave a press briefing at the BA festival on LHC switch-on day.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Press calls, Angels and Demons launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact extensive international screen and print coverage of LHC antimatter research.

B roll footage for Sony and CERN.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Radio 4 Material World interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed 2009 - antimatter, 2012 - LHCb results and supersymmetry.

Now contact person for Thomson-Reuters (CERN) .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2012
 
Description Radio 4 Today interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed for 2009: antimatter 2010: LHC restart, 2011: neutrinos.

Repeat invitations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011
 
Description Radio Interview.F1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact John Fry gave an interview on creationism (Jeremy Vine show, Radio 2)

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Interview.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears gave an interview on the LHC for WYNC, studio 360 "When particles collide".

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Interview.S2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tara Shears interview about CERN (World Service "Instant Guide to CERN"),

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Interview.S3 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tara Shears interview about fundamental particles (Radio 4 "Take 5 particles" series,

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Interview.S4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact various aspects of the LHC (CityTalk, Radio Merseyside)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Interview.S5 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tara Shears on various aspects of the LHC (Radio 5 Live)

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Interviews.g1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Allport, Greenshaw and Shears provided short interviews to local radio stations around the country in three sessions on the day of LHC switch-on.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Radio Liaison 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Leney acted as liaison with Radio 4 for LHC switch-on.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Royal Irish Academy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk/discussion about antimatter.

Repeat talk invitation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Schools talks (Liverpool) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact One hour talk on LHC results to local schools joint session (6th form and teachers), and two other schools. Answered questions. Repeated in 2010.

invitations to give similar talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010
 
Description SummerSchool.1 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Greenshaw was director of the annual summer school for UK particle physicists

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007
 
Description SummerSchool.2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Maxfield: tutor at RAL Summer School

Better Particle Physicists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description SummerSchool.3 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Shears is a member of the local organizing committee for the 2009 CERN-Fermilab Hadronic Physics Summer School

Better Particle Physicists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description TV Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bowcock: Interviewed by Russian television on LHC switch-on day

To be Added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description TV Interview.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: filmed interviews for "The Big Bang Machine" (BBC4)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description TV Interview.T3 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: interviewed for BBC NW tonight.

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description TV.S2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears: "The first minute" (Discovery channel),

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Thinking Digital 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 20 minute talk on LHC, recorded interview after.

None.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description UK press interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviews for Liverpool Echo, Wilts Gazette and Herald, Belfast Telegraph; FT;
Daily Telegraph; Daily Mail; Independent; Sunday Times; Guardian (several); BBC news online (several).

Repeat requests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011,2012,2013
 
Description University open day talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talks on latest LHC news given to undergrad and postgrad open days.

None.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2012
 
Description VIP.3 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Allport, Bowcock, Jackson and Shears took part in an STFC organized CERN press visit

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description VIP.4 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Bowcock, Hutchcroft, Shears and Tobin have participated in MP visits to CERN

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008
 
Description VIP.5 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Allport has held a meeting with John Pugh, MP for Southport

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description VIP.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Shears took part in the 2006 Royal Society MP pairing scheme with Andrew Miller, MP for Ellesmere Port and Neston

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006
 
Description VIP.S2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Shears: talk at a parliamentary breakfast briefing on the LHC

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Web/Podcats.S1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shears provides outreach pages for the LHCb VELO detector (2007 onwards)

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description article for the Independent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Antimatter science truth and fiction in Angels and Demons.

None.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description podcast.S2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open University podcast

to be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008