Solar, stellar and cosmological plasmas: a synthesis of data, modelling and theory.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

The physics of plasmas - particularly magnetised plasmas - dictates the behaviour of much of the visible universe, from the outer layers of the Sun to the furthest reaches of the observable cosmos. In this proposal, we focus on several key unsolved problems in plasma astrophysics that are also prototypes for a wider and deeper understanding of cosmic plasmas as a whole. These are: (a) how do high-energy radiating electrons, ions and neutrons behave in solar flares and in interplanetary space? How are they accelerated, are they beamed and do they play a key role in flares and their terrestrial impact? (b) how does the Sun store and release energy in its magnetised atmosphere, from surface flows, to low atmosphere flaring activity, coronal mass ejections and interplanetary shocks? And what can be learned from the behaviour of solar plasmas to help resolve controversies over plasma structures like disks and clumps around hot stars or magnetised stars that are just forming? (c) How do pulsars radiate? How might the changing magnetic field at the decoupling era (the very early universe) seed the cosmos with energetic particles and influence the formation of structure? Our programme combines observational data with theoretical and numerical modelling, and spans a wide range of astronomical and technical problems, from solar surface flows to high-energy particle acceleration and circumstellar matter; from electromagnetic waves to relativistic particle beams; from image processing to statistical analysis of weak signals. We will bring all these skills to bear on astronomical questions at the heart of current efforts to better understand the universe.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This being a rolling grant, spread over many projects, the key findings are various and disparate. Details can be found in the associated published papers, but a quick summary:
Advances in understanding solar physics energy release and evolution processes, including flares, coronal heating, solar wind production, photospheric dynamics. In addition, new insight into the radiative properties and plasma dynamics of pulsar magnetospheres and crusts.
Exploitation Route The findings became the basis of subsequent rolling grant application.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Education,Energy,Environment,Security and Diplomacy

 
Description To support advancement of astronomy and plasma physics over a wide range of applications, encompassing solar and astrophysical contexts.
First Year Of Impact 2008
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Societal

 
Description FP7 project
Amount £253,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Follow-on fund
Amount £110,000 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Leverhulme research grant
Amount £143,638 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description SUPA Advanced Fellowship
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2011 
End 12/2013
 
Description astronomy rolling grant
Amount £1,100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2011 
End 03/2015
 
Description standard grant
Amount £306,856 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Department Solar Physics Department
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences
Department Purple Mountain Observatory
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Department Arcetri Observatory
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation University of Oslo
Department Department of Physics
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Chromospheric flares 
Organisation University of Washington
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising & leading workshops and defining projects, providing observational data
Collaborator Contribution assistance with specialised data analysis, and technical insight in science objectives
Impact International Space Science Institute Team funded, scientific splinter session organised at Cool Stars 16 (Seattle), collaborative conference proceedings published, various scientific papers in preparation.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Flaring hale sector boundaries & flare filling factors 
Organisation Stanford University
Department Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis of RHESSI and GOES output, in relevant activity sectors
Collaborator Contribution assistance with relevant RHESSI data
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
Start Year 2009
 
Description Flaring hale sector boundaries & flare filling factors 
Organisation West Virginia University
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis of RHESSI and GOES output, in relevant activity sectors
Collaborator Contribution assistance with relevant RHESSI data
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
Start Year 2009
 
Description Hot star winds, disks and clumps 
Organisation Beijing Normal University
Department Department of Astronomy
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Impact Along with collaborative research visits and contributions to workshops, the following papers were published in the last 5 years: [1]A. M. Veronig, J. C. Brown, B. R. Dennis, R. A. Schwartz, L. Sui, and A. K. Tolbert. Physics of the Neupert Effect: Estimates of the Effects of Source Energy, Mass Transport, and Geometry Using RHESSI and GOES Data. ApJ, 621:482-497, March 2005. [2] ] I. I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, K. A. van der Hucht, and J. C. Brown. X-ray properties of Carina OB1 association (Antokhin+, 2008). VizieR Online Data Catalog, 347:70593-+, October 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. P. Cassinelli, and M. Maheswaran. Magnetically Fed Hot Star Keplerian Disks with Slow Out?ow. ApJ, 688:1320-1325, December 2008. [4]R. Ignace, M. B. Al-Malki, J. F. L. Simmons, J. C. Brown, D. Clarke, and J. C. Carson. Scattering polarization due to light source anisotropy. II. Envelope of arbitrary shape. A& A, 496:503-511, March 2009. [5]Q.-K. Li, J. P. Cassinelli, J. C. Brown, and R. Ignace. Polarization variability arising from clumps in the winds of Wolf-Rayet stars. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 9:558-576, May 2009.
 
Description Hot star winds, disks and clumps 
Organisation East Tennessee State University
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Impact Along with collaborative research visits and contributions to workshops, the following papers were published in the last 5 years: [1]A. M. Veronig, J. C. Brown, B. R. Dennis, R. A. Schwartz, L. Sui, and A. K. Tolbert. Physics of the Neupert Effect: Estimates of the Effects of Source Energy, Mass Transport, and Geometry Using RHESSI and GOES Data. ApJ, 621:482-497, March 2005. [2] ] I. I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, K. A. van der Hucht, and J. C. Brown. X-ray properties of Carina OB1 association (Antokhin+, 2008). VizieR Online Data Catalog, 347:70593-+, October 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. P. Cassinelli, and M. Maheswaran. Magnetically Fed Hot Star Keplerian Disks with Slow Out?ow. ApJ, 688:1320-1325, December 2008. [4]R. Ignace, M. B. Al-Malki, J. F. L. Simmons, J. C. Brown, D. Clarke, and J. C. Carson. Scattering polarization due to light source anisotropy. II. Envelope of arbitrary shape. A& A, 496:503-511, March 2009. [5]Q.-K. Li, J. P. Cassinelli, J. C. Brown, and R. Ignace. Polarization variability arising from clumps in the winds of Wolf-Rayet stars. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 9:558-576, May 2009.
 
Description Hot star winds, disks and clumps 
Organisation Leibniz Association
Department Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Impact Along with collaborative research visits and contributions to workshops, the following papers were published in the last 5 years: [1]A. M. Veronig, J. C. Brown, B. R. Dennis, R. A. Schwartz, L. Sui, and A. K. Tolbert. Physics of the Neupert Effect: Estimates of the Effects of Source Energy, Mass Transport, and Geometry Using RHESSI and GOES Data. ApJ, 621:482-497, March 2005. [2] ] I. I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, K. A. van der Hucht, and J. C. Brown. X-ray properties of Carina OB1 association (Antokhin+, 2008). VizieR Online Data Catalog, 347:70593-+, October 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. P. Cassinelli, and M. Maheswaran. Magnetically Fed Hot Star Keplerian Disks with Slow Out?ow. ApJ, 688:1320-1325, December 2008. [4]R. Ignace, M. B. Al-Malki, J. F. L. Simmons, J. C. Brown, D. Clarke, and J. C. Carson. Scattering polarization due to light source anisotropy. II. Envelope of arbitrary shape. A& A, 496:503-511, March 2009. [5]Q.-K. Li, J. P. Cassinelli, J. C. Brown, and R. Ignace. Polarization variability arising from clumps in the winds of Wolf-Rayet stars. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 9:558-576, May 2009.
 
Description Hot star winds, disks and clumps 
Organisation Moscow State University
Department Sternberg Astronomical Institute
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Impact Along with collaborative research visits and contributions to workshops, the following papers were published in the last 5 years: [1]A. M. Veronig, J. C. Brown, B. R. Dennis, R. A. Schwartz, L. Sui, and A. K. Tolbert. Physics of the Neupert Effect: Estimates of the Effects of Source Energy, Mass Transport, and Geometry Using RHESSI and GOES Data. ApJ, 621:482-497, March 2005. [2] ] I. I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, K. A. van der Hucht, and J. C. Brown. X-ray properties of Carina OB1 association (Antokhin+, 2008). VizieR Online Data Catalog, 347:70593-+, October 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. P. Cassinelli, and M. Maheswaran. Magnetically Fed Hot Star Keplerian Disks with Slow Out?ow. ApJ, 688:1320-1325, December 2008. [4]R. Ignace, M. B. Al-Malki, J. F. L. Simmons, J. C. Brown, D. Clarke, and J. C. Carson. Scattering polarization due to light source anisotropy. II. Envelope of arbitrary shape. A& A, 496:503-511, March 2009. [5]Q.-K. Li, J. P. Cassinelli, J. C. Brown, and R. Ignace. Polarization variability arising from clumps in the winds of Wolf-Rayet stars. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 9:558-576, May 2009.
 
Description Hot star winds, disks and clumps 
Organisation University of Wisconsin-Madison
Department Department of Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Impact Along with collaborative research visits and contributions to workshops, the following papers were published in the last 5 years: [1]A. M. Veronig, J. C. Brown, B. R. Dennis, R. A. Schwartz, L. Sui, and A. K. Tolbert. Physics of the Neupert Effect: Estimates of the Effects of Source Energy, Mass Transport, and Geometry Using RHESSI and GOES Data. ApJ, 621:482-497, March 2005. [2] ] I. I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, K. A. van der Hucht, and J. C. Brown. X-ray properties of Carina OB1 association (Antokhin+, 2008). VizieR Online Data Catalog, 347:70593-+, October 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. P. Cassinelli, and M. Maheswaran. Magnetically Fed Hot Star Keplerian Disks with Slow Out?ow. ApJ, 688:1320-1325, December 2008. [4]R. Ignace, M. B. Al-Malki, J. F. L. Simmons, J. C. Brown, D. Clarke, and J. C. Carson. Scattering polarization due to light source anisotropy. II. Envelope of arbitrary shape. A& A, 496:503-511, March 2009. [5]Q.-K. Li, J. P. Cassinelli, J. C. Brown, and R. Ignace. Polarization variability arising from clumps in the winds of Wolf-Rayet stars. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 9:558-576, May 2009.
 
Description Observations and theory of flare footpoint radiation 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution defining projects, analysing observational data (e.g. RHESSI,TRACE, SDO) and some theoretical development
Collaborator Contribution assistance with data analysis and modelling, particularly mission-oriented
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
 
Description Pulsar astrophysics 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department NASA Ames Exploration Center
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution provision of plasma physics expertise and wave modelling
Collaborator Contribution As for IST, Lisbon
Impact pulsar papers as detailed in the publication list for the group
 
Description Pulsar astrophysics 
Organisation University of Lisbon
Department Department of Electrical Engineering
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution provision of plasma physics expertise and wave modelling
Collaborator Contribution As for IST, Lisbon
Impact pulsar papers as detailed in the publication list for the group
 
Description RHESSI 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leading data analysis effort
Collaborator Contribution RHESSI data analysis
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
 
Description RHESSI 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leading data analysis effort
Collaborator Contribution RHESSI data analysis
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
 
Description RHESSI 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leading data analysis effort
Collaborator Contribution RHESSI data analysis
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Department Physics Department
Country Greece 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation Astronomical Institute Czech Republic
Department Department of Solar Physics
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation Kentucky State University
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation University of Geneva
Department Section of Mathematics
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation University of Graz
Department Institute of Physics
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar High Energy Flare Data Modelling 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelngth data. Writing of papers
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical physics aspects of theory and modelling of multi-wavelength data. Writing of papers
Impact Papers in refereed journals: [1]J. Kasparova, E. P. Kontar, and J. C. Brown. Hard X-ray spectra and positions of solar ?ares observed by RHESSI: photospheric albedo, directivity and electron spectra. A& A, 466:705-712, May 2007. [2]E. P. Kontar, A. G. Emslie, A. M. Massone, M. Piana, J. C. Brown, and M. Prato. Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung Emission and the Inference of Electron Flux Spectra in Solar Flares. ApJ, 670:857- 861, November 2007. [3]J. C. Brown, J. Kasparova, A. M. Massone, and M. Piana. Fast spectral ?tting of hard X-ray bremsstrahlung from truncated power-law electron spectra. A& A, 486:1023-1029, August 2008. [4]S. Stoiser, J. C. Brown, and A. M. Veronig. RHESSI Micro?ares: II. Implications for Loop Structure and Evolution. Sol. Phys., 250:315-328, August 2008. [5]J. C. Brown, R. Turkmani, E. P. Kontar, A. L. MacKinnon, and L. Vlahos. Local re-acceleration and a modi?ed thick target model of solar ?are electrons. A& A, 508:993-1000, December 2009. [6]J. C. Brown, P. C. V. Mallik, and N. R. Badnell. Non-thermal recombination - a neglected source of ?are hard X-rays and fast electron diagnostics (Corrigendum). A& A, 515:C1+, June 2010. International recognition of expertise in this area; collaborative visits and organising of workshops.
 
Description Solar Prominence Formation and Equilibrium: New Data, New Models 
Organisation International Space Science Institute (ISSI)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Exchanging data and techniques, collaborating on authorship of papers, organisation of workshops.
Collaborator Contribution exchange of data, analysis and modelling techniques, and direct contributions in research papers published (listed in the group total publications)
Impact Several papers have resulted; they appear in our group publication list (and include the name Labrosse).
Start Year 2009
 
Description Solar chromospheric observations and modelling 
Organisation Paris Institute of Astrophysics
Department Solar and Stellar Physics
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution contributions to data analysis, modelling, programming...
Collaborator Contribution exchange of data, analysis and modelling techniques, and direct contributions in research papers published
Impact numerous papers, included in group publication list.
 
Description Solar chromospheric observations and modelling 
Organisation University of Catania
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution contributions to data analysis, modelling, programming...
Collaborator Contribution exchange of data, analysis and modelling techniques, and direct contributions in research papers published
Impact numerous papers, included in group publication list.
 
Description Solar chromospheric observations and modelling 
Organisation University of Central Lancashire
Department Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution contributions to data analysis, modelling, programming...
Collaborator Contribution exchange of data, analysis and modelling techniques, and direct contributions in research papers published
Impact numerous papers, included in group publication list.
 
Description Solar chromospheric observations and modelling 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution contributions to data analysis, modelling, programming...
Collaborator Contribution exchange of data, analysis and modelling techniques, and direct contributions in research papers published
Impact numerous papers, included in group publication list.
 
Description Solar flares in Lyman alpha and H alpha (part of SOLAIRE - FP6 project) 
Organisation Catania Astrophysical Observatory
Department Solar Research
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution defining projects, analysing observational data (e.g. RHESSI,TRACE, SDO) and data interpretation
Collaborator Contribution assistance with data analysis and modelling
Impact Joint supervision of a PhD student (Rubio da Costa, graduated March 2011), and various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description Solar flares in Lyman alpha and H alpha (part of SOLAIRE - FP6 project) 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution defining projects, analysing observational data (e.g. RHESSI,TRACE, SDO) and data interpretation
Collaborator Contribution assistance with data analysis and modelling
Impact Joint supervision of a PhD student (Rubio da Costa, graduated March 2011), and various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description Solar image processing 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution selection of topics for investigation, provision of solar data, and contributions to publications
Collaborator Contribution mathematical methods
Impact Various collaborative papers produced, as detailed in the full list of publications, plus collaboration on supervision of one Glasgow University MSc. student (Gill) and one Glasgow University PhD student (Watson)
Start Year 2006
 
Title cold plasma generation technology 
Description generation of ozone by cold plasma, using novel electrode technology 
IP Reference WO2011055113 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact creation of a commercial company, with venture capital backing
 
Title plasma generating apparatus 
Description generation of ozone by cold plasma, using novel electrode technology 
IP Reference WO2011055113 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2011
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact creation of a commercial company, with venture capital backing
 
Company Name Anacail Ltd 
Description An SME using cold plasma technology to generate gaseous biocide, used in food and medical device industries. Unique selling point is that our technology can decontaminate sealed packages without opening them, using the gases already sealed inside. 
Year Established 2011 
Impact Generated new employment, major food manufacturer has purchased machine for evaluation at food production line, secured funding from venture capitalists and also from TSB/Innovate UK competitions (most recently, Biomedical Catalyst).
Website http://anacail.com
 
Description Public talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Numerous talks by group members (averaging at least 2 per month) to audiences ranging from ~10 to >100, including Glasgow Science Centre, amateur societies, local and national science festivals.

Group members get repeated invitations to give such talks, anecdotally societies tell us that the talks have gone over very well and prompted discussion (and even encouraged new members to join). Occasionally there are write-ups in local press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010,2011
 
Description School visits and planetarium programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We ran weekly outreach visits, and monthly planetarium sessions/tours of our teaching observatory. Over the whole programme, we must have engaged with hundreds of school pupils, and certainly sparked many discussions and questions after each session.

Outreach training (ie Roberts Training) of STFC pg students; creation of the Scottish Solar System project; Science Fair projects on debunking Moon Hoax theories; Bradford Robotic telescope funding; many activities under the IYA with Astronomer Royal for Scotland; promotion of historic astronomical sites within locality; development of multimedia resources for SQA examinations. We also have many work-placement school pupils visiting each year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010
 
Description food safety forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Generated commercial interest in our technology

currently in negotiation with commercial partners who were present at the forum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010