HARMONI: Phase A study for a single field, wide band spectrograph for the European Extremely Large Telescope

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Oxford Physics

Abstract

The European Extremely Large Telescope is set to be the foremost facility for ground based visible and near-infrared astronomy in the next decade. Proposed to be the world's largest telescope with a primary mirror diameter of 42 metres, the E-ELT will be able to study in detail the early Universe, peering far back to the epoch of formation of the first generation of galaxies. The E-ELT's impressive light gathering power and unsurpassed spatial resolution needs a suitably capable set of instruments to harness its scientific potential effectively. We propose to carry out a Phase A design study of one of the first light instruments for the E-ELT. In November 2007, ESO released a competitive 'Call for Proposals' for a Phase A study for a 'Single Field, Wide Band Spectrograph for the European Extremely Large Telescope'. The University of Oxford led a consortium (involving four other partner institutes) that responded to the call for proposals, and in mid-December, was chosen by ESO to carry out the study (from amongst several proposals by scientists from the ESO member states). HARMONI will be able to operate at several different spatial resolutions, ranging from coarse (assisted by GLAO) to fine (sampling the E-ELT's diffraction limit at near-infrared wavelengths). It will cover the near infrared wavelength range at a spectral resolving power of about 4000, both shorter wavelength coverage and higher spectral resolution extensions will also be considered, as will be a simple coronagraphic mode. The Phase A study will consist of two Phases. In the first phase, we will carry out a trade-off study for the parameters that define the technical specifications of the instrument, such as field of view, spatial sampling, spectral resolution, simultaneous spectral coverage. A science team composed of researchers from the ESO member states, who are keen to carry out scientific programs with HARMONI, will assist in this task. Phase 2 will consist of using the results of the trade-off study to build a conceptual design for HARMONI, including an opto-mechanical concept. This will require close collaboration with ESO to define the interfaces with both the adaptive optics system and the telescope.

Publications

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Bounissou S. (2018) Simulating the detection and classification of high-redshift supernovae with HARMONI on the ELT in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Cagigas M. A. (2018) HARMONI pre-optics design at PDR in Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VII

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Capone John I. (2018) Near infrared throughput and stray light measurements of diffraction gratings for ELT-HARMONI in Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III

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Carlotti Alexis (2018) System analysis and expected performance of a high-contrast module for HARMONI in Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VII

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Dohlen Kjetil (2018) Opto-mechanical designs for the HARMONI adaptive optics systems in Adaptive Optics Systems VI

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Foster T. (2018) Building the HARMONI engineering model in Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VII

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Hern (2018) The pre-optics mechanism prototypes for HARMONI in Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III

 
Description E-ELT instrument Phase A studies
Amount £81,250 (GBP)
Organisation European Southern Observatory (ESO) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Germany
Start 04/2008 
End 03/2010
 
Description PPRP
Amount £530,188 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2008 
End 03/2012
 
Description HARMONI consortium 
Organisation Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands
Department Engineering & Instrumentation
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Univ. of Oxford played a pivotal role in the HARMONI Phase A study, as it was the PI institute. N. Thatte was the Principal Investigator of the instrument study, and led the consortium.
Collaborator Contribution DAMIR helped in the HARMONI instrument Phase A design by providing the detailed design for the calibration system of the instrument, and providing computations of sensitivity.
Impact The HARMONI Phase A instrument design selection of an HARMONI-like instrument as one of two first-light instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
Start Year 2007
 
Description HARMONI consortium 
Organisation Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseile
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Univ. of Oxford played a pivotal role in the HARMONI Phase A study, as it was the PI institute. N. Thatte was the Principal Investigator of the instrument study, and led the consortium.
Collaborator Contribution DAMIR helped in the HARMONI instrument Phase A design by providing the detailed design for the calibration system of the instrument, and providing computations of sensitivity.
Impact The HARMONI Phase A instrument design selection of an HARMONI-like instrument as one of two first-light instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
Start Year 2007
 
Description HARMONI consortium 
Organisation Lyon Observatory
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Univ. of Oxford played a pivotal role in the HARMONI Phase A study, as it was the PI institute. N. Thatte was the Principal Investigator of the instrument study, and led the consortium.
Collaborator Contribution DAMIR helped in the HARMONI instrument Phase A design by providing the detailed design for the calibration system of the instrument, and providing computations of sensitivity.
Impact The HARMONI Phase A instrument design selection of an HARMONI-like instrument as one of two first-light instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
Start Year 2007
 
Description HARMONI consortium 
Organisation National Office for Aerospace Studies and Research
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Univ. of Oxford played a pivotal role in the HARMONI Phase A study, as it was the PI institute. N. Thatte was the Principal Investigator of the instrument study, and led the consortium.
Collaborator Contribution DAMIR helped in the HARMONI instrument Phase A design by providing the detailed design for the calibration system of the instrument, and providing computations of sensitivity.
Impact The HARMONI Phase A instrument design selection of an HARMONI-like instrument as one of two first-light instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
Start Year 2007
 
Description HARMONI consortium 
Organisation Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Department Department of Molecular and Infrared Astrophysics (DAMIR)
Country Spain 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Univ. of Oxford played a pivotal role in the HARMONI Phase A study, as it was the PI institute. N. Thatte was the Principal Investigator of the instrument study, and led the consortium.
Collaborator Contribution DAMIR helped in the HARMONI instrument Phase A design by providing the detailed design for the calibration system of the instrument, and providing computations of sensitivity.
Impact The HARMONI Phase A instrument design selection of an HARMONI-like instrument as one of two first-light instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
Start Year 2007
 
Description HARMONI consortium 
Organisation UK Astronomy Technology Centre (ATC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Univ. of Oxford played a pivotal role in the HARMONI Phase A study, as it was the PI institute. N. Thatte was the Principal Investigator of the instrument study, and led the consortium.
Collaborator Contribution DAMIR helped in the HARMONI instrument Phase A design by providing the detailed design for the calibration system of the instrument, and providing computations of sensitivity.
Impact The HARMONI Phase A instrument design selection of an HARMONI-like instrument as one of two first-light instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
Start Year 2007
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation Durham University
Department Astronomy & Astrophysics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation European Space Agency
Department Science and Operations Department
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands
Country Spain 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation Lyon Observatory
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Department Bologna Observatory
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Department Department of Molecular and Infrared Astrophysics (DAMIR)
Country Spain 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation University of Groningen
Department Kapteyn Astronomical Institute
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation University of Hertfordshire
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description HARMONI science team 
Organisation University of Leicester
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We led the HARMONI science team, that came up with key science cases for this instrument, and developed those through simulations to help determine the top level requirements for the instrument
Collaborator Contribution Helped build the science case for the instrument
Impact Article in the ESO Messenger, the HARMONI Phase A study scientific analysis document, and papers in the Proceedings of the SPIE conference on Telescopes and Astronomical Instrumentation, 2010.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Royal Society exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public_other audiences
Results and Impact the E-ELT stand at the Royal Society exhibition was attended by over 1000 people, who participated in a 3D video animation of the E-ELT, amongst other activities.

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010