Sussex EPP Rolling Grant 2009

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sussex
Department Name: Sch of Mathematical & Physical Sciences

Abstract

The work carried out at Sussex supports three experimental particle physics programmes, all recognised as areas of extremely high priority for STFC. First, we are bidding to join the ATLAS collaboraton at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. To this end, two of our faculty - already well established members of ATLAS - will, together with their sub-group, continue their work to identify signatures of the appearance of so-called supersymmetric particles within the ATLAS detector, as well as contributing towards the development of the trigger and the ATLAS upgrade. Second, we provide substantial intellectual leadership in the ongoing search for an electric dipole moment (EDM) of the neutron. Finding an EDM would represent unambiguous evidence for physics beyond the SM; conversely, the absence of any EDM, at the sensitivity for which we are aiming, would provide extremely severe constraints on models of new physics. This work also provides a link to cosmology, since the size of any neutron EDM is determined by the same CP-violating mechanism that underlies the dominance of matter over antimatter in the Universe. Third, we have an active programme of neutrino physics. We will maintain our long-standing involvement in the MINOS project, which investigates the phenomenon of neutrino oscillations (the transmutation of neutrinos from one type to another) by sending a beam of neutrinos 734 km through the Earth from Fermilab to a detector in northern Minnesota. We also propose to participate in SNO+, an exciting new project that has emerged from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory and which has several physics goals such as the study of geoneutrinos, the measurement of low-energy neutrinos from the Sun, and, possibly most important of all, a measurement of neutrinoless double-beta decay, which could both determine the mass of the neutrino and answer the long-standing question of whether the neutrino is its own antiparticle.

Publications

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publication icon
Aad G (2010) Readiness of the ATLAS liquid argon calorimeter for LHC collisions in The European Physical Journal C

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
ST/H000887/1 01/10/2009 31/03/2011 £531,839
ST/H000887/2 Transfer ST/H000887/1 01/10/2010 30/09/2012 £1,286,003
 
Description We have performed world-leading measurements and set world-leading limits on crucial parameters of the Standard Model and of theories beyond the Standard Model.
Exploitation Route Our research has led to substantial ongoing outreach programmes, to inspire the next generation of scientists and engineers, as well as to the training of highly skilled workers to the direct benefit of UK industry and public sectors.
Sectors Education

 
Description This grant supports a range of work across various areas of particle physics. All of this work feeds into our outreach activity, to inspire the next generation of (potential) physicists.
First Year Of Impact 2009
Sector Education
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description GridPP Computing Support Fund
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Department GridPP4
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2011 
End 03/2012
 
Description GridPP Network Infrastructure
Amount £28,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Department GridPP4
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2011 
End 03/2012
 
Description Intra European Fellowships (IEF)
Amount £151,706 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 12/2010 
End 12/2010
 
Description Postdoctoral Research Fellowship
Amount £390,494 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2007 
End 11/2010
 
Description Royal Society Travel Grant to NOW Conference
Amount £1,320 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2010 
End 12/2010
 
Description SEPnet PhD Studentship Award
Amount £45,000 (GBP)
Organisation South East Physics Network 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2010 
End 09/2013
 
Description STFC PPRP funding for ATLAS Upgrade
Amount £57,036 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2010 
End 03/2012
 
Description Associateship with IPPP 
Organisation Durham University
Department Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology (IPPP)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Internal paper for the LBNO collaboration on the potential of using future reactors in Finland, produced by UG student HG Wilsenach and myself. Co-organised 2012 conference and helped fund the 'The future of Dark Matter' at the Royal Astronimocal society, which lead to the initiation of DMUK.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion, references, network, funding.
Impact Internal LBNO note. Co-organised 2012 conference and helped fund the 'The future of Dark Matter' at the Royal Astronimocal society, which lead to the initiation of DMUK.
Start Year 2011
 
Description CryoEDM 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Department Particle Physics Department
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data acquisition; HV; field modelling; analysis; simulations
Collaborator Contribution Cryogenics, engineering, magnetometry...
Impact Papers: doi 10.1016/S0168-9002(02)00391-1, 10.1016/S0168-9002(02)00391-1. Demonstrated ultracold neutron production, transport, detection in superfluid helium
 
Description MINOS 
Organisation Fermilab - Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Calibration hardware; analysis
Collaborator Contribution Neutrino beam, detectors... everything else needed for this groundbreaking neutrino-oscillation experiment
Impact Many academic papers.
 
Description SNO+ 
Organisation Sudbury Neutrino Observatory
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Calibration methods, hardware and software, data quality and run selection, data flow design and hardware, physics analyses
Collaborator Contribution Various
Impact Scientific papers; impact in the form of a spin-out company
Start Year 2009
 
Description Sussex-RAL-ILL nEDM collaboration 
Organisation Institut Laue–Langevin
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Sussex EPP group provided the (lion's share of the) intellectual leadership to the neutron EDM experiment at ILL.
Collaborator Contribution Rutherford Lab provided some physics input but their most substantive contribution was in technical support, apparatus design etc. ILL provided the neutrons, and occasional technical support.
Impact World-leading measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron.
 
Description Sussex-RAL-ILL nEDM collaboration 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Department High Power Targets Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The University of Sussex EPP group provided the (lion's share of the) intellectual leadership to the neutron EDM experiment at ILL.
Collaborator Contribution Rutherford Lab provided some physics input but their most substantive contribution was in technical support, apparatus design etc. ILL provided the neutrons, and occasional technical support.
Impact World-leading measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron.
 
Description Café Scientifique Brighton 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Between 50 and 100 members of the general public attended a popular science talk, which sparked questions and discussions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.meetup.com/Brighton-Cafe-Scientifique/
 
Description Café Scientifique Isle of Wight 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Between 50 and 100 members of the general public attended a popular science talk, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://cafescientifique.onthewight.com/
 
Description DEAP, The future of Dark Matter in the UK, 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 30 peers attended the workshop

Led to the foundation of the DMUK institute, which is a peer organisation determining the focus of the Dark Matter programme in the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://snoplus.phys.sussex.ac.uk/DM/IoP%20APP_RAS_IPPP%20DM%20workshop.html
 
Description DEAP-3600, Dark Attack 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact DEAP-3600 presented to an international audience of 60 experts in the fieds

Increased awareness of the single phase liquid scintillator approach to direct dark matter searches
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://itp.uzh.ch/darkattack
 
Description Higher Education Summer School -- HESS 2010 (& 2011) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 40+ students from disadvantaged backgrounds attended HESS2010 opening talk plus hands-on activity. This sparked questions and discussions and generated increased awareness or role of scientists in society, while at the same time introducing the students to some basic concepts in experimental particle physics.

Interest from schools in this widening participation event is well established. 2010 session run by STFC funded scientists was well received by both students and summer school organisers. As a consequence, the particle physics session will be held again as part of HESS 2011.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011
 
Description Interview Helsingborgs Dagblad 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview by a regional newspaper, which resulted in a news article.

An article in a regional newspaper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Interview Sydsvenskan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I was interviewed by the biggest daily regional newspaper in southern Sweden, about a conference for which I was on the local organising committee. It resulted in a newspaper article.

It resulted in a newspaper article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
URL http://sydsvenskan.se/lund/article586713/Forskare-klackte-id%E9er.html
 
Description IoP HEPP/APP 2012: SNO+ 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Plenary speaker at the 2012 IoP HEPP/APP meeting, London. 100 national/international peers.

Increased awareness of the SNO+ experiment, both nationally and interantionally, and the UK contributions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://pprc.qmul.ac.uk/research/iop-2012
 
Description Nerd Nite Brighton 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ca 50 members of the public attended a popular science talk, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

I hold an open invitation to give more talks at Nerd Nite Brighton.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://brighton.nerdnite.com/
 
Description Particle Physics Masterclass 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ~80 pupils from Secondary schools attended the event. They took active part in lectures, hands-on activities and discussion sessions.

Increased awareness and appreciation regionally for STFC core science programme. Programme expected to continue and to attract more students in future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
 
Description Physics Labs for Schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact During term time, tens of school teachers attend hte School Labs at Sussex every week.

Training of secondary school teachers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012
 
Description Research-based Outreach 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact At the University of Sussex, we run a major outreach programme within the department of physics and astronomy, originally set up as part of the SEPnet initiative. The program involves members of the department at all levels, from taught undergraduate and postgraduate students, research students, post doctorial researchers and faculty. We have a wide range of practical activities available to take out to local schools, which are boxed up with a detailed lesson plan for department members to take to take out or use on site. The majority of our outreach activities are linked to our research.

Our annual reach is to 5,000 students per year, working with approximately 800 primary school students, 3500 secondary student, and 700 A-level students, in addition to the 2,000 members of the general public that experience our events. We currently run 130 events per year, reaching school and college students at 60 different schools. We have both schools visiting the University of Sussex campus in Brighton, and we also go out to schools.

Around half of our events involve communicating the research carried out at the University direct to schools, colleges and the public.
25% of our events involve describing our particle physics research, usually consisting of a research talk (about the Large Hadron Collider, SNO+, etc) which is reinforced by practical activities (such as building cloud chambers, or visiting our research labs). 20% of our events directly describe the astronomy research carried out at the University, usually as a research talk (about the Herschel Space Telescope, for instance) alongside practical activities, such as day-time or night-time astronomical observing.

Every week during the school terms, we run a School's Lab day, where a group of students visit the University for as full day of experiments specifically designed for the GCSE, AS and A2 level syllabus. During those days, the students visit a research lab, and get the opportunity to talk with our research students about their work. In addition, visiting A-level students also have a research lecture, and get to here the latest research being done here at Sussex.

Every year, we offer masterclasses in both astronomy and particle physics, with one day aimed at GCSE students, and another at A-level. These days involve research-level talks, visits to labs, as well as hands on experimental experience.


We have developed links with local schools and colleges. Teachers frequently approach us to request research related outreach activities (talks, lab tours, practical activities), ask for advice or to borrow equipment for teaching. In 2013, we ran the Institute of Physics sponsored Physic Update weekend conference for teachers.
Since we began our outreach program, undergraduate numbers has risen significantly within the department, from an intake of 40 students in 2009, up to the current (and
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.sussex.ac.uk/physics/outreach
 
Description SNO+, NOW 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact SNO+ presentation at NOW 2012, Otranto, Lecca, Italy

Increased internation awareness of the potentioal of SNO+ and the UK contributions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.ba.infn.it/~now/now2012/web-content/index.html
 
Description SNO+, PPAP 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 40 peers attended, PPAP meeting 2012

Increased awereness of SNO+ within the UK sceintific community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Schools Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Ca 20 pupils attended a popular science talk, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Continued interest from local schools in our Schools Lab activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2010
 
Description Schools Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Groups of 10-15 pupils attend short talks about our research, which always spark discussion and debate.

Has become established part of SEPnet outreach programme. Capability is expanding, to reach more pupils.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017
 
Description U3A Lewes 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Between 50 and 100 members of U3A Lewes and the general public attended a popular science talk, which sparked questions and discussions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://u3asites.org.uk/lewes/home