Fundamental astroplasma physics of the sun and heliosphere: Warwick Centre for Fusion Space and Astrophysics Rolling Grant Application

Lead Research Organisation: University of Warwick
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

A quantitative understanding of the fundamental physical processes acting in the Sun's corona and solar wind is essential not only to the physics of the Sun and its connection to the Earth's environment, but it also enhances our knowledge of astrophysical plasma processes in general. For instance, the chromosphere is a natural laboratory for studying the MHD of partially ionised plasmas. Coronal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves are of direct relevance to much of the dynamics such as solar flares and eruptions; coronal waves are capable of transferring energy and mechanical momentum from the convection zone into the corona and heliosphere and are associated with the development of plasma instabilities. The solar wind is accelerated to such an extent that it is in principle an MHD turbulence laboratory so that quantifying its fluctuations has direct implications for our understanding of MHD turbulence. Recently, the solar wind has also been found to be a laboratory for a kinetic range of turbulence on scales below the ion gyrofrequency on which MHD no longer holds. Understanding this kinetic range physics is also highly relevant to our understanding of how the corona is heated. Quantifying and understanding the fluctuating solar wind provides an important input into models for the propagation of cosmic rays in the heliosphere, and for magnetospheric dynamics for which the solar wind is the driver. The physics of warm dense matter is at an extreme boundary of our knowledge of plasma physics relevant to astrophysics. A quantitative understanding of these processes, closely coupled to observations, can be seen as either the means to understanding observed phenomena, such as cosmic rays, and the structure of gas giants, or as using the observed phenomena as a strong drive to understanding new fundamental plasma physics. These ideas, techniques and expertise that underpin this programme are thus of impact beyond plasma astrophysics.

Publications

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Anfinogentov S (2013) Decay-less kink oscillations in coronal loops in Astronomy & Astrophysics

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Anfinogentov S (2013) THE DECAYING LONG-PERIOD OSCILLATION OF A STELLAR MEGAFLARE in The Astrophysical Journal

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Anfinogentov S (2013) THE DECAYING LONG-PERIOD OSCILLATION OF A STELLAR MEGAFLARE in The Astrophysical Journal

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Bakunina I (2013) Long-Period Oscillations of Sunspots by NoRH and SSRT Observations in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan

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Botha G (2011) CHROMOSPHERIC RESONANCES ABOVE SUNSPOT UMBRAE in The Astrophysical Journal

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Botha G (2012) Formation of magnetic flux tubes in cylindrical wedge geometry in Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics

 
Description please see the relevant research papers
Exploitation Route please see the relevant research papers in climate change
Sectors Energy,Environment

 
Description please see the relevant research papers in climate change and space weather
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Energy,Environment
Impact Types Economic

 
Description AFOSR
Amount $100,000 (USD)
Funding ID FA9550-17-1-0054 
Organisation Airforce Office of Scientific Research 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 03/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Fulbright-Lloyd's of London Scholarship 2017/18
Amount $60,000 (USD)
Organisation US-UK Fulbright Commission 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description H2020-PROTEC-2014
Amount € 386,531 (EUR)
Funding ID 637302 - PROGRESS 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description Nakariakov- ERC Advanced Grant "Magnetohydrodynamic Wave Diagnostics of the Solar Atmosphere in the Era of Transformative High-Resolution Observations"
Amount £1,300,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 321141 
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2018
 
Description Newton-CONICYT
Amount Ch$1,438,000 (CLP)
Organisation Newton Fund 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2015 
End 10/2016
 
Description ODIN
Amount £255,110 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/I029117/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2011 
End 09/2013
 
Description ERC Advanced Investigator, University of Warwick, UK 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2013
 
Description Honorary Leading Scientist, Main Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo, Russia 
Organisation Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences
Department Main Astronomical Observatory
Country Ukraine 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2011
 
Description International Scholar, Kyung Hee University, Korea 
Organisation Kyunghee University
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2013
 
Description Invited PI of the Russian Academy of Sciences' and Russian Ministry of Education and Science's project "Non-stationary processes in the solar atmosphere" 
Organisation Russian Academy of Sciences
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description JSPS Invitation Fellowship for Research, University of Kyoto, Japan 
Organisation University of Kyoto
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description Leader of the ISSI International Team "MHD Oscillations in the Solar Corona and Earth's Magnetosphere. 
Organisation International Space Science Institute (ISSI)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution .
Collaborator Contribution .
Impact .
Start Year 2012
 
Description Special Guest Professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium 
Organisation Catholic University of Louvain
Department Institute of Mathematics and Physics
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration during 4 month visit in Leuven on topic directly related to STFC Rolling Grant work, i.e. magnetohydrodynamic waves in solar coronal structures. To date, two refereed articles published.
Collaborator Contribution Host of collaboration and active partners in work.
Impact Two refereed articles published to date: Verwichte, E., Van Doorsselaere, T., White, R.S. & Antolin, P.: 2013, Statistical seismology of transverse waves in the solar corona, A&A 552, A138 Verwichte, E., Van Doorsselaere, T., Foullon, C. & White R.S.: 2013, Coronal Alfven speed determination: consistency between seismology using AIA/SDO transverse loop oscillations and magnetic extrapolation, ApJ 767, 16
Start Year 2012
 
Description UKMHD Consortium 
Organisation University of Leeds
Department School of Mathematics Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Warwick was a host site for one of three HPC clusters bought for the UKMHD Consortium. The Consortium is UK wide and has over 40 members in University academic groups. Warwick managed a compute resource available for the whole consortium.
Collaborator Contribution Two additional HPC clusters were procured and managed for the UKMHD Consortium by the Universities of Leeds and St Andrews.
Impact In total across the three HPC sites procured under this grant there have been around 200 publications resulting from work done on the UKMHD Consortium clusters.
 
Description UKMHD Consortium 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Department School of Mathematics and Statistics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Warwick was a host site for one of three HPC clusters bought for the UKMHD Consortium. The Consortium is UK wide and has over 40 members in University academic groups. Warwick managed a compute resource available for the whole consortium.
Collaborator Contribution Two additional HPC clusters were procured and managed for the UKMHD Consortium by the Universities of Leeds and St Andrews.
Impact In total across the three HPC sites procured under this grant there have been around 200 publications resulting from work done on the UKMHD Consortium clusters.
 
Description Key Speaker at SolarFest, University of Warwick on topic of Space Weather 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Key speaker as part SolarFest, a multi-disciplinary outreach activity hosted by the University of Warwick
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://warwick.ac.uk/about/community/publicengagement/solar/
 
Description Space Weather seminar at IAU Conference Series 335 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One-hour seminar on the topic of 'Space Weather' given in Sidmouth as part of the Outreach programme of the IAU Symposium 335 "Space Weather of the Heliosphere" organised at the University of Exeter, 17-21 July 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.exeter.ac.uk/iaus335/education-program/lectures/