Rolling Programme in Solar and Plasma Astrophysics

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

The physics of plasmas - particularly magnetised plasmas - dictates the behaviour of much of the visible universe, from the outer layers of the Sun to the furthest reaches of the observable cosmos. In this proposal, we focus on several key unsolved problems in solar and plasma astrophysics that are also prototypes for a wider and deeper understanding of cosmic plasmas as a whole. These are: (a) how do high-energy radiating particles behave in solar flares and in interplanetary space? How are they accelerated, are they beamed and do they play a key role in flares and their terrestrial impact? (b) how does the Sun store and release energy in its magnetised atmosphere, from surface flows, to low atmosphere flaring activity? And what can be learned from the behaviour of solar plasmas to help understand hot stars or magnetised stars that are just forming? (c) How do pulsars radiate and how do plasmas behave in the extreme environments near a pulsar's surface? Our programme combines observational data with theoretical and numerical modelling, and spans a wide range of astronomical and technical problems, from solar surface flows to high-energy particle acceleration and circumstellar matter; from electromagnetic waves to relativistic particle beams; from image processing to statistical analysis of weak signals. We will bring all these skills to bear on astronomical questions at the heart of current efforts to better understand the universe.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Stella Nova 
Description 'Stella Nova', composed by local composer Drew Mulholland, draws on themes in Astronomy developed in discussion with group members. It is scored for string quartet, oboe and percussion. It received its premier in 2014 and was recorded on a CD called 'The Norwood Variations' 
Type Of Art Composition/Score 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact There have been interviews with the Composer about the music in The Wire, The Huffington Post and Times Higher Education 
 
Description This grant focused on observations and theory of solar flares, which are dramatic energy release events in the Sun's magnetic atmosphere.

Our work led to a number of key findings;

We developed several novel techniques to deduce properties of the fast electrons accelerated in solar flares, in the corona - how many there are, where they are accelerated, their distribution in angle. We discovered that the environment through which these fast electrons move is probably finely structured (by the magnetic field). We showed how to deduce how much plasma there is at each temperature in the corona using observations of the Sun's emission in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum, and produced software to do this very efficiently, which is now very widely used.

Looking deeper into the atmosphere, we deduced the temperature structure and its evolution as a flare heats the solar chromosphere, discovering that the upper part of the chromosphere becomes even hotter than the corona at the very beginning of the flare. We also developed a technique to calculate how the solar chromosphere absorbs and emits visible radiation in a flare. This led to some puzzling results; in one flare we found that the optical radiation should be generated at a height of about 1500 km above the solar photosphere, but in another one the emission is more consistent with heating much closer to the photosphere. Perhaps there are two kinds of flares.

We also investigated new models for solar flares, looking at how and where subatomic particles are accelerated. We developed ideas about how electrons pick up energy from magnetic waves and turbulence, and this has in turned opened up new theoretical avenues which may challenge long-standing ideas about solar flares as a whole.
Exploitation Route Our research will be expanded upon in subsequent grants; each question stimulates more, which require new observations and theoretical development. Our investigations include basic techniques and theoretical developments in astrophysical plasmas which can be incorporated in other numerical models. The technical development of inversion software to calculate the solar plasma temperature distribution is now widely used by other solar physicists. Our observational discoveries motivate refined observing plans to address new aspects of the problems. Investigations so far have been targeted at exploiting new, large observing facilities such as LOFAR radio telescope (where our work on electron transport and radiation will be used to interpret new flare burst observations) and the IRIS spacecraft, where what we have learned about the physics of the lower solar atmosphere during flares will help decide the optimum observing strategies for this new and exciting facility.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Other

URL http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/?page_id=865
 
Description Our work with space missions has made us core members of 'Space Glasgow', a research cluster bringing together Glasgow University academics with expertise spanning astronomy, physics, planetary science, aerospace and satellite systems engineering. Space Glasgow is working with key organisations globally to expand knowledge and expertise in space science, technology and engineering. Space Glasgow provides an excellent opportunity to interact with industry and government representatives, and alert them to relevant parts of our solar research portfolio. Working with UK institutions, companies, and government, Kontar was one of the co-founders of the "Space wEather REsearch Network (SEREN) - securing UK space weather capabilities" (P.I. M. Hapgood), set up in response to the STFC call for "Global Challenge Networks". It supports UK-wide interactions between STFC-funded solar and heliospheric researchers, and science, technology and industry groups united by the challenge of space weather. It continues to be a key platform for exchange and collaboration. (e.g. workshop in Feb 2016). Fletcher is a member of the University's Sensor Systems Network, and co-supervises a PhD student with colleagues in Space Systems Engineering and Statistics, on the design of small satellite sensor networks for space weather monitoring, where she brings solar and space-weather knowledge to this multi-disciplinary project. The work has been presented at European Space Weather Week 2014, the RAS and the 2015 Research Students Conference in Probability and Statistics. Our research work in solar physics is also the primary resource and motivator for our comprehensive outreach activity. This work engages with members of the public, schoolchildren, undergraduate and postgraduate students, and all participants supported on this grant participate in this activity at some level. Over the course of a year, our presentations, workshops and contributions to curriculum development expose many hundreds of people to our work.
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Education,Environment,Other
Impact Types Societal

 
Description AXA Research Fellowships
Amount £102,666 (GBP)
Funding ID PDOC_2012_W2 
Organisation AXA 
Department AXA Research Fund
Sector Private
Country France
Start 10/2013 
End 09/2015
 
Description Emeritus Fellowship
Amount £14,600 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2012 
End 08/2015
 
Description FP7 Collaborative Project
Amount € 520,534 (EUR)
Funding ID FP7-SPACE-2013-1/606862 F-CHROMA 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2016
 
Description MC IRSES
Amount £1,117,488 (GBP)
Funding ID 295272 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 06/2012 
End 05/2016
 
Title Regularised inversion of EUV data 
Description Method for determining the differential emission measure of optically-thin solar plasmas 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method has been employed in at least 30 subsequent refereed journal publications (between 02/2012 and 12/2015) 
URL http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/%7Eiain/demreg/
 
Description Alliance: Franco-British Partnership on Acceleration and Transport of Energetic Particles 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution E. Kontar (grant Co-I) is UK PI of this team and other Co-I's and RAs are members are team members. Modeling expertise
Collaborator Contribution Modeling expertise and access to data
Impact Publications
Start Year 2009
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Department Astronomical Institute of Czech Academy of Sciences
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation University of Catania
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation University of Oslo
Department Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description F-CHROMA: Flare Chromospheres - Observations, Models and Archives 
Organisation University of Wroclaw
Department Faculty of Physics and Astronomy
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a 7-institute EC FP7 grant. Glasgow leads the project overall, and also leads one scientific workpackate
Collaborator Contribution The other 6 institutes each lead a different workpackage
Impact Has only just started, no concrete outcomes yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Department Astronomical Institute of Czech Academy of Sciences
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation ETH Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation New Jersey Institute of Technology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation Stanford University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation University of Graz
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation University of Potsdam
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI Team on X-ray and radio diagnostics of energetic electrons in solar flares 
Organisation University of Virginia (UVa)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team led by E. Kontar (Grant Co-I). N. Bian, I. Hannah (RAs) are team members
Collaborator Contribution Team members bring observational and theoretical strengths
Impact Publications, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation George Mason University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Lockheed Martin
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Department Arcetri Observatory
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation Princeton University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Dundee
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Leuven
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on Magnetic Waves in Solar Flares 
Organisation University of Sydney
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Together with the University of Dundee I successfully applied for funding for this collaboration to be hosted at ISSI. Bern and will co-lead the team
Collaborator Contribution We will work together on the theory of energy transport by MHD waves in solar flares
Impact none yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Harvard University
Department Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Johns Hopkins University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Lowell Observatory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation Southwest Research Institute (SwRI)
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on The Science of Near-Sun Comets 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution of theoretical models for Sun-comet interactions
Collaborator Contribution expertise in complementary areas of cometary science, in solar and heliospheric physics, as well as in the instrumentation and data analysis techniques associated with those fields, to better our understanding of comets when inside the orbit of Mercury as well as their effects on the near-Sun environment
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Department Ondrejov Observatory
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Goddard Space Flight Center
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Department Arcetri Observatory
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation University of Oslo
Department Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation University of Washington
Department Astronomy Department
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ISSI team on flare chromospheres 
Organisation University of Wroclaw
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I lead this team on the physics of the flaring chromosphere
Collaborator Contribution Research
Impact Several publications, conference presentations, observing proposals and a successful bid for EC FP7 money.
Start Year 2012
 
Description NASA LWS "EUV Observations of the chromosphere" 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Goddard Space Flight Center
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing a proposal (unfunded but to be resubmitted)
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to writing a proposal (unfunded but to be resubmitted)
Impact Funding proposal to NASA
Start Year 2012
 
Description NASA LWS "EUV Observations of the chromosphere" 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing a proposal (unfunded but to be resubmitted)
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to writing a proposal (unfunded but to be resubmitted)
Impact Funding proposal to NASA
Start Year 2012
 
Description NASA LWS/TRT "Dynamics and magnetic fields of flare" 
Organisation Bay Area Environmental Research Institute
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing of a successful grant proposal. Research is yet to start
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to writing of a successful grant proposal. Research is yet to start
Impact Grant proposal to NASA
Start Year 2012
 
Description NASA LWS/TRT "Dynamics and magnetic fields of flare" 
Organisation High Altitude Observatory (HAO)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing of a successful grant proposal. Research is yet to start
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to writing of a successful grant proposal. Research is yet to start
Impact Grant proposal to NASA
Start Year 2012
 
Description NASA LWS/TRT "Dynamics and magnetic fields of flare" 
Organisation Stanford University
Department Stanford Lockheed Institute for Space Research
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing of a successful grant proposal. Research is yet to start
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to writing of a successful grant proposal. Research is yet to start
Impact Grant proposal to NASA
Start Year 2012
 
Description NASA ROSES "Asymmetric magnetic reconnection" 
Organisation Harvard University
Department Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing a NASA grant proposal
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to writing a NASA grant proposal
Impact Grant proposal to NASA
Start Year 2013
 
Description NSF SHINE "Multi-stranded dynamic flare model" 
Organisation Harvard University
Department Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to writing a grant proposal to the NSF
Collaborator Contribution Led the writing of a grant proposal to the NSF
Impact Grant proposal to the NSF - unsuccessful but will be resubmitted
Start Year 2012
 
Description NuSTAR collaboration 
Organisation Air Force Research Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Collaborator Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Impact Observational plans
Start Year 2012
 
Description NuSTAR collaboration 
Organisation California Institute of Technology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Collaborator Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Impact Observational plans
Start Year 2012
 
Description NuSTAR collaboration 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Collaborator Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Impact Observational plans
Start Year 2012
 
Description NuSTAR collaboration 
Organisation University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Collaborator Contribution planning observations, data analysis, simulations
Impact Observational plans
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation Lockheed Martin
Department Space Sciences Lab
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation University College London
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Physics of Comet-Sun impacts 
Organisation Uppsala University
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theory and data search
Collaborator Contribution Numerical simulations and data provision
Impact Refereed papers, conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation Leibniz Association
Department Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Department Laboratory for Space Science and Astrophysical Instrumentation
Country France 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Department School of Mathematics and Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation Trinity College Dublin
Department School of Physics
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation University College London
Department Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Department School of Mathematics and Statistics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description SPARK 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed to writing a proposal, a white paper and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Impact A proposal to ESA, a white paper to NASA and a journal article on the SPARK mission concept
Start Year 2011
 
Description Solar high-energy phenomena and sub-mm radiation 
Organisation Mackenzie Presbyterian University
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Calculations of the distributions of energetic secondary particles produced in nuclear reactions of fast ions in solar flares; interpretation of gamma-ray measurements of flares, for the insight they yield on the primary ion distributions. I made progress these calculations while on sabbatical in Sao Paulo, September - December 2013, with a Visiting Professor position at Mackenzie supported by FAPESP ( Research Council of Sao Paulo state).
Collaborator Contribution Calculation of radio and sub-mm radiation produced by energetic ion secondaries (positrons and electrons); operating appropriate telescopes and obtaining and analysing measurements of these radiations from flares.
Impact publications in preparation
Start Year 2012
 
Title Electron distributions from X-ray and EUV data 
Description New software for inferring the electron distribution from X-ray observations and EUV observations by simultaneously fitting RHESSI and SDO/AIA data. This yields the spatially integrated electron spectra of a coronal source from less than 0.1 keV up to several tens of keV. The results show that the total energy can only be determined accurately by combining RHESSI and AIA observations. Simultaneously fitting the proposed representation of the kappa-distribution reduces the electron number density in the analyzed flare by a factor of ~30 and the total flare energy by a factor of ~5 compared with the commonly used fitting of RHESSI spectra. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ApJ...815...73B 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact None yet 
 
Description "Cosmic Way" roadshow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ~1000 people in the West of Scotland and beyond have been exposed to key ideas from cosmic ray science, particle physics and Sun-Earth interactions, taking the contributions of CTR Wilson as a starting point, as well as the Scottish locations that were so important in his story. Most recently the roads went to Rothesay, Isle of Bute (20/6/15) with an audience of about 100 people.

Outcomes of this sort of informal contact are inevitably varied, and difficult to monitor. Our attendance at the RSE "CTR Wilson" day was by invitation. A regional organiser for the IOP in the East of Scotland wanted to invite us to an outreach event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/cosmicway
 
Description "Meet the Expert", Glasgow Science Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I showed movies of SoHO, RHESSI and SDO observations, discussed their signficance and implications with passers-by (maybe ~200 over two days), and also let them see and discuss bits of scintillator crystal and photomultiplier tubes, hardware typical of X- and gamma-ray Astronomy missions. On the first of these days the bulk of the audience were school parties visiting the Glasgow Science Centre.

Outcomes from these informal interactions with passers-by are many and varied, and difficult to monitor. Some young people certainly found the movies and discussion inspirational.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Adult education courses in Glasgow University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Many adult education courses cover a wide range of topics from Astronomy and Physics. From January - March 2014 we offered a "Highlights of Astronomy" course, in which several Glasgow University experts each took one or two evenings to discuss their topics of expertise. Reid and MacKinnon both taught on this course, covering aspects of radio astronomy (particularly LOFAR), solar flares and gamma-ray astronomy. 15 - 20 people attended each evening.

Participants came from a wide range of walks of life. What they learned will feed into the rest of their private and professsional lives in many ways, not all easy to document. In particular, two of the students were staff of the Glasgow Science Centre and will draw on what they learned in future events, planetarium shows, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/courses/openstudies#Science&Astronomy
 
Description Cafe Scientifique, Inverness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked almost an hour of discussion afterwards, and emailed requests for further information

emailed requests for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/engage/public/cafe-scientifique-inverness-325.php
 
Description EU video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participation in outreach video for for EU's Space Research and Development Unit

video
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Edinburgh Science Festival Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact http://www.johncbrown.org/LifeintheUniverse.html

DVD of talks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013
 
Description Lochaber to the Cosmos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk on the work of the Scottish physicist CTR Wilson, the origins of his work in his stay at the Ben Nevis Observatory, early particle and cosmic ray physics, and current aspects of cosmic radiation, including Sun-Earth interaction and space weather. The talk has been given a few times per annum since about 2003, to all sorts of groups, e.g. amateur astronomy societies, church guilds, PROBUS groups, hillwalking clubs, retirement clubs, etc.; many hundreds in total.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Schools mobile planetarium visits 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Every year our PhD students and junior postdocs and occasionally staff take our mobile planetarium out to schools in the region. There are about 6-8 trips a year, reaching typically 100 students at a time.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description Stars Over the Botanics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Facilitation/discussion/presentations at public observing nights in a local park (Glasgow Botanical Gardens). 3-4 events per year, organised by the Astronomical Society of Glasgow

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description Start-up Science Masterclasses 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Group members facilitate, organise and participate in 4 weekly workshops for around 35 junior level secondary school pupils, particularly those from disadvantaged areas, and schools without a tradition of sending students to University,

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/784_StartupScienceMasterclasses.html
 
Description Stella Nova 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Again, none of the options above describe this. Stella Nova was a musical collaboration between us and a local composer. The output was a beautiful musical composition on an astronomical theme which was performed in Glasgow and in Edinburgh

Musical composition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talks at Glasgow Science Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2 talks on solar physics to about 50-60 members of general public. Associated with Venus Transit. Probably there were more talks in earlier years too

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talks to Astronomy Societies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Every year, postdoc and staff members of our group give several talks on the Sun and space weather to local and national astronomy societies. Typically there are about 10-12 such talks a year, with audiences between 10 and 40 adults and sometimes children

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
 
Description The Norwood Variations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Astronomical themes influenced a composition (Stella Nova) on this CD (The Norwood Variations) by a local composer. The CD sold out. Over the course of a couple of years, the CD has attracted attention from publications such as the Huffington Post, The Wire and Times Higher
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://strangeattractor.co.uk/shoppe/the-norwood-variations-drew-mulholland/
 
Description The Cosmic Way 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Roadshow (activities and displays) on cosmic rays, elementary particles, and solar-terrestrial interactions, drawing on the work of CTR Wilson and the Scottish locations and context of his science

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013
 
Description The Cosmic Way 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The "Cosmic Way roadshow" is a combination of displays and hands-on activities aimed at introducing some basics of particle, nuclear and cosmic-ray physics and Sun-Earth interactions. It also aims to tell the story of CTR Wilson, using biography, history and the Scottish context of these stories as a vehicle for engagement with the underlying scientific ideas. It was developed with funding from the Scottish Government and the Institute of Physics. It has been taken twice to the Fort William Mountain Festival, several times to a "Family Fun Science Day" at Mugdock Country Park near Glasgow, to the Middle of Scotland Science Festival (a pop-up science festival concentrating on isolated, rural locations: Crianlarich, Stirling; Ardfern, Argyll; Rothesay, Isle of Bute), to the CTR Wilson celebration day at the Royal Society of Edinburgh as well as other events and locations across central Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/education/research/researchprojects/cosmicwayroadshow/
 
Description Tours of Remote Scottish Schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Group members have made particular efforts to arrange and participate in tours of Schools well outside the Central Belt of Scotland, including in Orkney, Shetland, Caithness, Kintyre. Typically this will involve speaking to all physics (or sometimes science) students in 2 or 3 secondary schools, about a topic in solar physics and having a discussion afterwards

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011,2012,2013
 
Description University of the 3rd Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Emailed requests for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://u3asites.org.uk/code/u3asite.php?site=274&page=9383