Research in planetary formation, astrophysics, and cosmology at Bristol

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

This proposal is for a grant to cover cutting-edge research into planetary formation, astrophysics, cosmology, and data-handling at the University of Bristol in the schools of Earth Sciences and Physics.

The first element of the work involves understanding the early phases of planet formation. Information on these processes can be gleaned from both the chemistry of meteorites in our own solar system and astronomically from observations of so-called transitional disks - stars with infra-red spectra that indicate much orbiting dust at a range of temperatures, but with a dust-free region close to the star. Theories suggest that stars surrounded by such transitional disks are currently forming planets, but our understanding of this important phase in the formation of planetary systems is hampered by lack of knowledge of the types of dust that are present, lack of accurate calculations on how dust is converted into planets, and lack of detailed imaging that can test those models. We will start to solve these problems by seeing how different sorts of dust grains (formed from the explosions of diverse earlier stars) were sorted early in our solar system's history, over four thousand million years ago, and subsequently aggregated into the different types of meteorites that fall to Earth. We can then use this information to improve our computer models of how the dust converts into planets, and to make better predictions of what we should see when we use a new generation telescope (the Atacama Large Millimeter Array) which has special capabilities for observing these disks. If, when we do look, we see good agreement between the models and the data, this will give us confidence in our theories or otherwise will spur work into new theories of planet formation.

The second part of the work is again about the formation of objects, but on the much larger scale of whole galaxies, clumps of galaxies, and the Universe as a whole. We are UK leads for a large project to find distant and young clumps of galaxies (clusters) through the X-ray emission of the gas that lies around those galaxies. Over the next four years this survey with the orbiting XMM satellite will dicover hundreds of these high-redshift clusters, and by studing their X-ray emission and the shadows that they cast on the microwave background radiation we will be able to measure their masses and so to find out more about how gravity pulls structures in the Universe out of the original diffuse gas. The major indicator of clusters besides X-rays is their galaxy populations, and the range of types and masses of galaxies in clusters changes with time, possibly for a number of different physics reasons. We will improve our knowledge of the populations close to us (and so in the contemporary Universe) as a reference for comparisons with the populations in the new clusters. Theories tell us that the galaxies that we see cannot exist without some means of slowing the effects of gravity through some feedback process that stops gas collapsing into an over-massive object. It is conjectured that much of the feedback is due to phenomena occurring in a central supermassive black hole in galaxies, and we will study this process by looking at the X-ray signatures of strong gravity from these supermassive black holes (comparing them with the smaller holes known in our galaxy) and by looking at the processes by which energy emerges from the neighbourhoods of the black holes into their wider environments through jets and other outflows. We will also look back at the very most distant galaxies and clusters that we can study in detail, to see if we can understand the beginnings of the formation process.

The final element of the work involves developing a crucial set of computer codes that we, and many other researchers, use to examine astronomical data. Centred on TOPCAT, these codes are publically-available and popular, but must be improved to keep pace with changing data and computing needs.

Planned Impact

Direct benefits from the research will be our academic colleagues and interested members of the public, who will be exposed to the research results through our lectures and talks in schools, through the Bristol Cafe Scientifique, through the press release, podcast, and other WWW pages that we maintain, and through the exhibits given in the Bristol city centre shopping mall. We have also been involved in projects with @Bristol for talented school students and for teachers, and members of our team have formal links with schools in the Bristol area. Some members of the public will also encounter our radio or TV appearances. More indirectly, the public may be affected by advice that we give to our local MPs (Stephen Williams, Liam Fox) or city councillors (Mark Wright being the one with whom we are in close contact, since he did a PhD in Astrophysics Group a few years ago).

Commercial benefits have already been had from the isotope research (via projects with Shell) and the TOPCAT work (projects with Microsoft Research). Spin-offs from the instrumentation development in the isotope research have benefitted Thermo-Fisher Finnigan, and from the Fourier transform spectrometer work have benefitted BEAM and AlphaData (our partners in that development).

More generically, the image and time-series analysis techniques used in our work are sophisticated and can be applied to many problems. We will continue to work with the Atomic Force Microscopy group in real-time imaging of DNA and similar molecules as they react, and have discussed using exception-finding software in applications such as cancer screening. We have also worked with the local television and film post-processing sector to seek funding for computational methods of improving historical film stock (the BRICES proposal), and will continue to investigate these areas since post-processing is a considerable industry in the Bristol area.

Finally, the major economic output of this work will continue to be trained PhDs and PDRAs who (mostly) go into non-academic areas for their later careers. These have included local Government, the defense and security sector, plasma fusion research, meterorology, teaching, and finance.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50

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Allen A. (2014) The Astrophysics Source Code Library: Where Do We Go from Here? in Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XXIII

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Allen Alice (2015) Astrophysics Source Code Library -- Now even better! in American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts #225

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Allen Alice (2014) You've Written a Cool Astronomy Code! Now What Do You Do with It? in American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts #223

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Barentsen G (2014) The second data release of the INT Photometric Ha Survey of the Northern Galactic Plane (IPHAS DR2) in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Barentsen Geert (2014) The second data release of the INT Photometric Ha Survey of the Northern Galactic Plane (IPHAS DR2) in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

 
Description This grant supported work that detected a large and well-selected sample of clusters of galaxies in the X-ray. This sample can be used to study how the Universe developed, and the groundwork from this grant in this area has led to a significant group of papers that have recently been accepted.

It also supported further development of the TOPCAT software products, which are used world-wide to access and analyse distributed datasets of astronomical data. The software forms a key component of several European space projects.

Work was also done on the early development of galaxies in the Universe, and on how the black holes in the centres of massive galaxies reheat the gas around them.

Much publicity was associated with the theoretical work on exoplanet formation, also.
Exploitation Route They will form the basis of other research projects, including by this group.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Other

 
Description The TOPCAT software has formed a key component of data archive access for ESA and other international projects. Other software, associated with Bristol's participation in the LSST project, is being adopted by industry to refine decision making.
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Education,Transport
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Description STFC Impact Accelerator Account
Amount £20,302 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2014 
End 06/2015
 
Description AMiBA collaboration 
Organisation Academia Sinica
Department Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Country Taiwan, Province of China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Diagnosis of issues in the design of AMiBA, suggestions for solutions, close collaboration on data analysis, co-authorship of papers (including much revision of English), design of some observing campaigns.
Collaborator Contribution Access to AMiBA, access to Subaru, travel and subsistence expenses in Hilo and Taipei.
Impact Multiple publications; large number of PhD students in Taipei trained on project.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Australian Astronomical Observatory
Country Australia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Australian National University (ANU)
Department Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Cardiff University
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
Country Chile 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Durham University
Department Institute for Computational Cosmology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department Astrophysics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR)
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Leiden University
Department Leiden Observatory
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Liverpool John Moores University
Department Astrophysics Research Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Monash University
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Department Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Barcelona
Department Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC)
Country Spain 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of British Columbia
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Canterbury
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Central Lancashire
Department Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Institute for Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Portsmouth
Department Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation (ICG)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Department Institute Of Astronomy
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Sussex
Department Astronomy Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Sydney
Department Sydney Institute for Astronomy
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of Waterloo
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description GAMA 
Organisation University of the Western Cape
Department Department of Physics
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Observations, optical image analysis, spectroscopic analysis, clustering properties
Collaborator Contribution Observation, image and spectroscopic analysis, luminosity and correlation functions,
Impact Many publications.
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation California Institute of Technology
Department Caltech Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Cardiff University
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Durham University
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department Astrophysics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Joint Astronomy Centre
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe (JIVE)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Leiden University
Department Leiden Observatory
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Astronomy
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation McGill University
Department Department of Physics
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics
Country Mexico 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Open University
Department School of Physical Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University College London
Department Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of British Columbia
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Institute of Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Institute for Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Groningen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Leicester
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Manchester
Department Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Sussex
Department Astronomy Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description H-ATLAS 
Organisation University of Toronto
Department Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; follow-up observing and interpretation; paper editing.
Collaborator Contribution Primary observing set-up; data analysis; science analysis; catalogue and image preparation; paper writing and editing.
Impact Many papers; those in which we had a substantive role are given in the publications section.
Start Year 2008
 
Description OCRA collaboration 
Organisation Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun
Department Torun Observatory
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data and diagnosis of issues with operation of telescope and receiver; assistance with proposals for funding in Poland, including for new 90-m telescope; interpretation of Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect data; interpretation of X-ray data; paper authorships.
Collaborator Contribution Scientific collaboration, construction of OCRA receivers
Impact Multiple papers (see publication list). Experience in operating receivers of Planck style. Experience with snags arising from MMIC technology.
 
Description OCRA collaboration 
Organisation University of Manchester
Department School of Physics and Astronomy Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data and diagnosis of issues with operation of telescope and receiver; assistance with proposals for funding in Poland, including for new 90-m telescope; interpretation of Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect data; interpretation of X-ray data; paper authorships.
Collaborator Contribution Scientific collaboration, construction of OCRA receivers
Impact Multiple papers (see publication list). Experience in operating receivers of Planck style. Experience with snags arising from MMIC technology.
 
Description S2CLS 
Organisation McGill University
Department Department of Physics
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Science analysis; proposal writing and editing; observing
Collaborator Contribution Data analysis and catalogue creation; observing set-up and observing; science analysis; proposal writing
Impact Main outputs in which we will be co-authors not yet generated.
Start Year 2009
 
Description XMM-LSS collaboration 
Organisation Saclay Nuclear Research Centre
Department Service d'Astrophysique
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-authored multiple papers and proposals; performed first SZ observations of sample clusters.
Collaborator Contribution Access to XMM-LSS datasets, pipeline analysis of datasets that allowed sekection of high-redshift clusters for follow-up research.
Impact Multiple publications on cosmology and astrophysics; development of concept for future surveys.
 
Title JSAMP 
Description Message-passing software used for interaction between distinct desktop software components used by astronomers (e.g., to relate catalogue data to images). Methodology of general application, and used in commercial products. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2010 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Used worldwide, including in Microsoft World-Wide Telescope. v1.1 release in 2010. v1,2, v1.3, v1.3-1, v1.3-2 releases in 2011 v1.3-3 release in 2012 v1.3-4 release in 2013 
URL http://www.star.bris.ac.uk/~mbt/jsamp/
 
Title STIL 
Description Library underlying TOPCAT and STILTS, used for complex pipeline catalogue manipulations. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2010 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Worldwide use. 2010 release v3.0 2011 release v3.0-1, v3.0-2, v3.0-3 2012 release v3.0-4 2013 release v3.0-5 2014 release v3.0-6, v3.0-7 
URL http://www.starlink.ac.uk/stil/
 
Title STILTS 
Description Set of command-line tools that can be used for powerful astronomical catalogue interrogation, manipulation, and plotting. 2010 releases v2.1-2, v2.2, v2.2-1 2011 releases v2.3, v2.3-1, v2.4 2013 releases v2.5, v2.5-1, v2.5-2 2014 releases v2.5-3, v3.0 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2010 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Heavily used in catalogue manipulation, world-wide. 
URL http://www.starlink.ac.uk/stilts/
 
Title TOPCAT 
Description Astronomical data-handling software 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2010 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Used internationally for interaction with large distributed databases. 2010 releases v3.5-2, v3.6, v3.7 2011 releases v3.8, v3.9 2013 releases v4.0b, v4.0-1 2014 releases v4.1, v4.2 
URL http://www.starlink.ac.uk/topcat/
 
Description Public lectures and science cafes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Multiple public talks to astronomy societies and other organisations, also Science Cafes and other groups (e.g., Anglo-Polish society).

Activities tended to go on to time limit because of question-and-answer sessions, and have generated eMail questions after the fact from attendees. Continued requests for talks and other contacts based on experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description Radio interview (BBC Radio Bristol; BBC Radio 4; BBC Radio Scotland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Contacts from regional amateur astronomers, and astronomical societies.

Talks to local societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
 
Description School student placements 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 1/2 students per year visited the Group and worked with staff

Students became more focussed in aims for science sstudies at University level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
 
Description TV interview (BBC News channel) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live interview discussing the meaning of dark energy for a global TV audience.

Multiple eMail contacts from members of the public in the UK and USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013