4MOST Phase A Study

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Institute of Astronomy

Abstract

With the approaching dawn of Gaia - Europe is preparing to take the lead in transforming our understanding of the evolution of the Milky Way and thus the Universe more generally. This proposal is specifically to provide a leading UK role in the construction of an advanced, flexible, wide field multi-object spectrograph. 4MOST (with a goal of 3000 spectra simultaneously over 7 deg^2 FoV at R of > 5000 at 850nm and a wavelength coverage of 380-1000 nm) and its associated science survey (up to 25x10^6 spectra over 25,000 deg^2), an integrated component of the Gaia related programme unravelling the chemo-dynamic properties of the nearby universe. Our essential UK involvement, will not only enable a state of the art spectrograph design, but also through leading roles in the science definition and data processing, will give the wider UK community priority access to its large scale spectroscopic surveys. In combination with the ESA Gaia mission data, 4MOST will enable a transformational leap in our understanding of the processes which shape our Galaxy, giving definite answers to a range of fundamental questions, e.g. the Galactic potential, galaxy assembly history, early galaxy formation. The opportunity exists for major scientific, technological and training returns on a modest UK investment in this significant European initiative.

Planned Impact

The IoA 4MOST involvement will enhance the UK position in delivery of advanced technologies, such as optics and complex data analysis systems, and positively impact on training of highly skilled new researchers and software engineers. The Milky Way surveys delivered by 4MOST will have a significant resonance with the public, with an ability to inspire children's interest in discovery. The IoAs, Cambridge excellent outreach programme will highlight the 4MOST Galaxy science.

Publications

10 25 50

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Gravish Nick (2012) Entangled granular media in arXiv e-prints

 
Description We have shown:
1) that the scientific objectives of 4MOST (dark matter in our Milky Way galaxy, the structure and history of the
Milky Way; the nature of cosmic acceleration, the growth of structure and the
formation and evolution of super-massive black holes) are a high priority for European astronomers.
2) that the proposal to convert the VISTA telescope into a powerful wide field spectroscopic survey facility, which will carry out major long-term surveys, is technically feasible and can be done within an affordable budget and within an acceptable timescale.

This work contributed directly to selection of 4MOST by ESO, and a successful Preliminary Design Review in 2016.
Exploitation Route Our findings will be used to take the project forward to completion.
Sectors Other

 
Description There has not been any significant economic or societal impact of the grant yet. This small grant was a contribution to a conceptual design study for a large long-term project which will end in 2025.
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Other
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Heidelberg University
Department Center for Astronomy- Observatory
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Leibniz Association
Department Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Leiden University
Department Leiden Observatory
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU Munich)
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Lund University
Department Lund Observatory
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute For Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE)
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation University of Groningen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011
 
Description The 4MOST project 
Organisation Uppsala University
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 4MOST is a large European collaboration to build a major instrument (called 4MOST) for the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Our team in Cambridge contributed to the design study for this instrument. Specifically we were responsible for the wide-field corrector, the acquisition and guiding systems, the wavefront sensors, the overall VISTA telescope model and some of the science planning. The design study successfully led to ESO approving the project to move forward to full construction with a total capital cost of about 16 million euros. Our team played a key role in making this happen. 4MOST will start operating on the VISTA telescope in Chile in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners did the design study work on the rest of the instrument sub-systems (e.g. the fibre positioner, the spectrographs and the optical fibre feeds) and the rest of the science planning.
Impact Saviauk, A (July, 2014) The fiber positioner for 4MOST: exploration of an alternative R-? design, SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151: Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation 9151 , 110820298 (08, 2014) From space to specs: requirements for 4MOST 110820096 (07, 2014) The 4MOST instrument concept overview 084871948125 (12, 2012) 4MOST - 4-metre multi-object spectroscopic telescope 10552613 (07, 2014) Combining Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data with Near Infrared D... 310450551 (05, 2014) Integrating Mass Scale Spectroscopic Processing
Start Year 2011