Back Down to Earth - Expanding D2E to Scotland and Northern Ireland

Lead Research Organisation: National Museum Wales
Department Name: Geology Department

Abstract

The D2E project is a highly successful, STFC-funded programme delivering high quality astronomy education resources in the form of meteorite loan boxes, online lesson plans and an online asteroid/comet impact simulator (available in 8 languages). The loan scheme is currently run from Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales (AC-NMW) in Cardiff, from where it reaches ~5,000 students/yr (ages 10-16) and ~3,000 general public/yr through outreach - figures have been fairly constant since the D2E scheme started in mid-2007. Specific events, targeted at hard-to-reach audiences engage significant numbers annually (e.g. Beddgelert meteorite festival, N. Wales, Sept. 2009 to mark the 60th anniversary of the fall). We also made good use of national initiatives such as the BBC Stargazing Live in January 2011, 2012 and again in 2013 when D2E loan boxes were used extensively to support Stargazing Live programmes via outreach events at AC-NMW (National Museum Cardiff) and across Wales reaching c. 5,000 people during that week. We would like to extend this successful formula, and cascade our experience to new partners. By providing additional loan boxes, and teaching and management resources, we will facilitate the creation of two new loan hubs for D2E resources in Scotland and Northern Ireland, providing these countries with national centres for the scheme. These two hubs were selected as they have comparable national identities and organisations to Wales, and are run by the respective ESERO-UK Space Ambassadors (Tom Mason, Dan Hillier). Our experience in providing a national service in a small nation is of particular relevance, as is that of reaching geographically isolated and hard-to-reach communities. Part of our hard-to-reach programme includes provision of educational materials in a bilingual format, something not typically delivered by other science pubic awareness projects. For Scotland and NI, we will work with the hubs to produce Scots/Irish Gaelic versions of the key educational resource materials. We will share our gained experience with our partners, enabling them to be well equipped and supported to run their own schemes, and work effectively with STFC researchers. Crucially, it will extend the reach of the project beyond the current regions of Wales to schools/museums who have expressed an interest (i.e. AC-NMW sent loan boxes to Edinburgh, Exeter, Bristol and Salisbury in 2012). Armagh Planetarium helps to disseminate information on STFC-funded research carried out at the Armagh Observatory, such as the newly discovered populations of small satellites orbiting the giant planets, and the processes by which comets decay into meteoroid streams, but do not currently hold handling collections. This project will therefore not only provide much needed resources for public engagement at the Planetarium, but also a way of engaging audiences throughout Northern Ireland who may not be able to visit the Planetarium themselves. The Royal Observatory Edinburgh visitor centre highlights a broad range of STFC-funded research, and in particular the work of the Astronomy Technology Centre (ATC). New mini meteorite loan kits produced for ROE will also support the work of Dark Skies partners in Scotland. We wish to develop further our programme of hard-to-reach audience by evaluating how we might interface with national agendas such as the Child Poverty Strategy for Wales. This will be trialed initially in Wales and then evaluated to establish if a similar approach is appropriate for the two new hub areas. We have evaluated and concluded that potential risks to the project on a practical level these are low. The production of the educational materials is based on a well developed process for curriculum analysis, developing lesson plans, and identifying appropriate teachers' materials. There is therefore a clear mechanism in place to ensure the delivery of resources to the centres within the first 9 months of the project.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This is a public engagement project. We have developed new meteorite loan materials for partners in Scotland and Northern Ireland and also developed a new small loan box scheme for use by Dark Skies staff both in South Wales, Northern Ireland (Ulster Museum) and Scotland (Royal Observatory Edinburgh). The existing materials are supported by new learning resources and are made more accessible via a revamped website http://education.down2earth.eu, and a mobile app to access the meteorite impact calculator.
This grant has delivered outcomes in collaboration with two new partners. The ROE partnership has developed extremely well and we have also made good links with the IOP in Scotland. We experience some logistical issues with our Northern Ireland partnership but with STFC approval and the support of the STFC mentor we have resolved these satisfactorily and now have an establish partnership with Ulster Museum.
During this project we have developed the smaller meteorite 'lunch boxes', originally designed for use by Dark Skies champions, but have been found to be an attractive resource to a wider audience from primary school science, to longer term borrowers who act as local 'hubs' for the resources.
We have achieved our original objectives by :
(i) Updating the on-line resources and developing new resources for the Moon and Mars boxes
(ii) Developing an app to access the meteorite impact calculator to allow simulation and modelling of a bolide hitting Earth.
(iii) Extending the impact of the loan collection to Northern Ireland and Scotland.
(iv) Expanding our previous audience base to include those within specific national policies, such as socially deprived groups and those with special educational needs. We have delivered this through 15 specialist events reaching an audience of 595.
(v) Achieving our projected audience figures of 30,000 people, comprising 3,000 KS2 pupils, 15,000 KS3/4 pupils, 3,000 KS5 pupils, 6,000 general public and family groups. We have significantly exceeded this figure through holding 267 events and loans, reaching a total audience of 64,000 people. An exception to this was with teachers, where we provided 31 training events involving 1,437 teachers. Audiences for each group are listed in the engagement section. Engagement with the general public and family groups far exceeded out target, through attendance at science fairs, festivals and open days.
There is a demonstrable demand for meteorite-related educational material appropriate to be differentiated to a wide range of audiences. The project continues post end of project to deliver high quality material to a wide educational and asocial range of audiences . The project materiel and sufficietly flexible o be used in a range of ways in the different Down2Earth hubs.
Exploitation Route The outcomes of our project are to develop public engagement resources. We have promoted our methods to teachers and other science communicators. As a result of growing awareness of our project we have been approached by a learned society (biological) to advise them in the development of a similar loan scheme and educational resources.

We aim to share and communicate our resources with those developing the new Space Science module of the WGEC Geology GCSE. We hope this will ensure that the relevance of the Down2Earth (D2E) materials is maintained and can support delivery of this part of the syllabus. We will do the same to support relevant sections of the Space Science module of the curriculum in Northern Ireland.

We have also reappraised the value of the Down2Earth meteorite resources in the teaching of special educational needs groups, in collaboration with a SEN specialist. We feel this will form the basis of a new partnership and that this is an area where we can develop the resources further.

Where possible we will publish and promote the resources and the approach we have taken in relevant magazines and journals.

Methodology for the content and display of the loan material has already been od use in informing the redevelopment of the STFC Lunar Loan collection (2016/17)
Sectors Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://education.down2earth.eu
 
Description This is a public engagement project so the public outcomes are fundamental to the objectives in the originals application. The educational resources and facilitated access to resources (face-to-face and on-line learning resources) have been used by the groups indicated in the objectives, KS2-5 pupils, families, general public and teachers. We have acceded our original target audience of 30,000 but reaching over 64,000 people. This includes a far higher general public and family component, but does reach the planned groups in the proportions predicted. Teachers have accessed the materials though the web site and the loan materials through training sessions and then loans. The other groups have accessed the materials through formal and informal educational sessions. We have also promoted access to priority groups (socially disadvantaged and special education needs groups). The impact of the project will be on-going as a prime aim of it was the development of a legacy resource in the three centre (Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast). We will continue to record the audience figures and documents revisions. A significant impact of the resources, over and above providing a resource to engage and stimulate the public, is that it has helped us and our partners to form other partnerships to deliver aspects of planetary geology and space science. We feel the outcomes of this project has indicated that there is a growing appetite for planetary science and this is a valuable tool for engaging KS2/3 pupils and parents is discussion a about careers in science. The continued facilitated use of the materials at a wide range of events and actives continues to promote use of the Loan Collection. Thee will come a point shortly where the esoucs will require some refreshing to maintain their impact.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Down2Earth Northern Ireland 
Organisation Armagh Planetarium
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of customised meteorite and related material for school loan boxes to meet educational specification of partners. Support to develop meteorite promotional event in 2015. Provision of trial resources of loan box for Dark Skies partners. Scoping of promotional materials for the project.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion and feedback to define the composition and format of the loan material. Trial of Dark Skies loan material. The actual key staff forming his partnership have changed since the grant was awarded (with STFC approval) we are therefore less well advance with this collaboration that with our other project collaborator.
Impact Main meteorite loan boxes Trial Dark Skies loan box Scheduled training day for facilitators
Start Year 2014
 
Description Down2Earth Northern Ireland 
Organisation National Museums Northern Ireland
Department Ulster Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provision of customised meteorite and related material for school loan boxes to meet educational specification of partners. Support to develop meteorite promotional event in 2015. Provision of trial resources of loan box for Dark Skies partners. Scoping of promotional materials for the project.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion and feedback to define the composition and format of the loan material. Trial of Dark Skies loan material. The actual key staff forming his partnership have changed since the grant was awarded (with STFC approval) we are therefore less well advance with this collaboration that with our other project collaborator.
Impact Main meteorite loan boxes Trial Dark Skies loan box Scheduled training day for facilitators
Start Year 2014
 
Description Faulkes Telescope at Cardiff University - 2015 onwards 
Organisation Cardiff University
Department Faulkes Telescope Project
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution £11,000
Collaborator Contribution Responsibility for developing new data for Impact Calculator, technical aspects of web development and management. This collaboration started as Faulkes Telescope at University of South Wales
Impact Delivery of project objectives.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Faulkes Telescope at University of South Wales - 2015 
Organisation University of South Wales
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Delivery of objectives as outlined in the grant application
Collaborator Contribution Delivery of objectives as outlined in the grant application
Impact Current partnership in this current grant: delivery of training, support with development of loan boxes, revision of loan resources, access to the educational resources via app and improved website. Astrophysics academic input to project.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Royal Observatory Edinburgh Visitor Centre 
Organisation Royal Observatory Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provision of meteorite and related loan materials for Down2Earth project at ROE. Training package for ROE Explainers who will be delivering workshops related to these resources on-site at ROE. Consulted with ROE collaborators about the format and nature of educational resources and customised resources to best fit the curriculum in Scotland. Developed a protocol for loaning the material in line with best practice across the Museum sector and advised ROE staff as to how to administer and maintain the loan materials. Provided details on our on-going practical support in perpetuity beyond the project timescale (to ensure the materials have the longest useful lifespan possible) Assisted and advised on the development of a launch event and providing practical support at this event.
Collaborator Contribution Evaluation of materials to determine final format Arranging IOP co-ordinator event Public engagement event Educational events
Impact New Down2Earth Loan boxes Meteorite 'lunch box' for Dark Skies groups across the whole of Scotland Valuable feedback for resource redesign from both ROE and the Institute of Physics Co-ordinators which were accessed through the ROE
Start Year 2013
 
Title Impact Simulator and Down2Earth lesson plans 
Description We have produced a visually appealing and exciting Impact Calculator, based on the same parameters as the successful Earth Impact Effects Program by Robert Marcus, H. Jay Melosh, and Gareth Collins from the Lunar and Planetary Lab at the University of Arizona. The Impact Calculator software was developed by the Faulkes Telescope Project educational team (in particular Edward Gomez and Jon Yardley), and takes the EIEP code but adds an interactive front-end that allows anyone to use it. The results are displayed both mathematically (allowing them to be used in science lessons) but also visually (via Google Maps and satellite imagery), and the calculator has been used with age groups ranging from KS2 to adult learners (via workshops at LEARN, the adult education department at Cardiff University). 
IP Reference  
Protection Protection not required
Year Protection Granted
Licensed No
Impact Talks and a poster on the D2E project were delivered by Paul Roche, Sarah Roberts and Edward Gomez at the "dotcom Astronomy: networked astronomy and the new media" conference (Cardiff Uni, Sept. 2008). It now forms an important part of our outreach workshops. The Impact Calculator was reviewed and detailed comments provided by a focus group of the Earth Science Teachers Association. We plan to further develop this as part of our new STFC Large Award 2009 (ST/H00461/1, PI Roche). Information about the project has also been shared with other science communicators through the British Science Association, Institute of Physics, Association of Science Educators, Science Alliance Cymru, the STEM Ambassadors programme, Techniquest, British Geological Survey, Earth Science Teachers Association annual conference, Earth Science Education Forum Cymru and BBC Wales. Work completed through the project has also been shared with research professionals in Cardiff University, School of Physics and Astronomy (PHYSX) and Cardiff University School of Earth Sciences (EARTH), where it is being used as an example of excellent science communication practice.
 
Description Wildfowl & Wetland Trust event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This event at the Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetland Trust site was aimed at engaging with a wide age range of general public. Feedback was positive and provoked thought and engagement in planate geology/impacts/meteorites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Astronomy Day/Open Days 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact These events are widely promoted by the Museum and the local Astronomical Society. They attract those with a wide knowledge range from novices to informed amateurs, with an equally wide age range and a mix of adults and children. Theses events are noticeable in attracting a higher level of teenagers than other public events, event other science events which are held regularly.
The aim is to engage and inspire those attending in what meteorites can inform us about our own planet and formation of the solar system and raise awareness of the various field of science that support research in this area. They commonly serve to promote the loan collection to schools and membership of relevant enthusiast science societies.

Audience of 1750 engaged with during the day. Requests for identification of possible meteorites, further learning opportunities visit to main collections. Included in audience were visitors to the Museum who had n't come specifically for the astronomy events. Deepest engagement with some of these.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description BA Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Attendance over two days at Swansea-based British Science Association family weekend September 2016. Requests for access to the project material via loans etc. came form this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://education.down2earth.eu/
 
Description Busking with Meteorites - ROE Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 4100 people accessed at Royal Observatory Edinburgh Open Day by facilitators 'busking' queues so that almost everyone entering the event had engagement with the meteorite specimens. Further deeper engagement was possible via specific loan box display/activity.

Raise profile of (i) meteorite specimens and their relation to STFC research projects (ii) raised awareness of the Loan Box display.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Community Event Colin Glen Library (Northern Ireland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was an event help specifically in a socially deprived area. The informal handling and facilitation session wad lead by the NI project partner and delivered to 35. including, adults with learning difficulties, two teachers, families with KS1/2 children.
The aim was to engage and inspirer the audience with the meteorite material and stimulate interest in science, raising awareness of planetary geology and evolution of our own planet. Such sessions have a wide range of impacts from those going away enthralled that they have touched something from outer space and the oldest object on Earth, to others such as the families who often want to know how to find our more information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Cub Scouts, Beavers group - multiple events 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Contribution towards gaining Astronomer's badge. Raising awareness of planetary geology and astronomy and since more generally in a non-curriculum setting.

Request to run stargazing activity in future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Facilitated lecture to Cardiff Astrological Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Facilitated lecture on meteorites and impacts using Down2Earth Loan box resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description KS2 equivalent education activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact facilitated use of Down2Earth meteorite loan boxes with Scottish equivalent of KS2 pupils. Raised awareness of meteorites and permitted pupils to engage with the oldest rocks possible.

Request for repeat activity/loan. Increased awareness of the scale of the solar system and plns to use the Impact Calculator after the workshop at home/school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description KS2-4 facilitated access to loan materials 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 250 pupils KS2, 500 pupils KS3-4, facilitated access via workshops and displays. Loan to High school with transition visit from KS2

Great contact numbers. mentor also visited the school and suggested feedback as to how helpful resources might be prepared form less experienced teachers to use loan boxes with groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description KS3 equivalent facilitated access to loan materials 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Facilitates workshops using D2E meteorite loan boxes via ROE involving three schools. Students engaged with the material and it was their first opportunity to handle meteoritic material.

Students had a better understanding of the link between real meteorite specimens, their properties and how this influences the variables in the impact calculator.
Students also had a better understanding of the diversity of science careers that related to physics and astronomy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Loan of Down2Earth resources 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Resources lent to Cardiff University for Mars Day events with Campus First audiences (KS3 priority pupils from Objective One areas)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://education.down2earth.eu/
 
Description Loan of Down2Earth resources boxes to primary schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact two loans to primary schools both from high depravation index schools. 32 and 62 pupils (KS2) accessed materials in two separate venues plus 12 teachers. Events facilitated by teachers using project resources. Contact for loans in both cases came through promotion of project resources at events project staff attended and made contact with teachers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://education.down2earth.eu/
 
Description Loan of Down2Earth resources to 3rd sector educational providers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Loan of materials to C4 Swansea University(on two occasions). Used with engaging KS2/3 groups who would not normally continue studying science with an aim to maintaining engagement of the pupils. Summer workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Loan of Down2Eath loan rsources to SAIL (Swansea Universiy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Workshop to engage hard to reach groups with physics and maths-based activities to promote continued study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://education.down2earth.eu/
 
Description National Museum of Wales Astronomy Day 2008 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Promoted interest in meteorites and origin of Earth generally.

Requests for other linked events, access to educational materials/impact calculator and loan boxes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Non-school youth group facilitates access 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Use with Quaker group. Discussion more diverse than with other groups as mixed adult and children.

Appreciation of access. Possible follow on requests from other groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Public Astronomy event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Display of meteorite and analogue material to support 'festival' style events with other third sector groups. undergraduate and post-graduate students interacted with though their involvement with other themes being presented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://education.down2earth.eu/
 
Description Science Week - First Campus event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Facilitated display of meteorite loan collection in conjunction with AstroCymru 3-D space cinema show
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://education.down2earth.eu/
 
Description Stargazing Events 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Demonstration of meteorite materials and diversity, range of questions from mainly adult s, teenagers and families. More full details of the objectives are given in the summary of events for the general public.

Links to undergraduate students who may facilitate future events
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Stargazing Live event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Awareness raising about meteorite specimens, how they link to knowledge of our own planet and tell us about other planets.

Request for where to learn more/ be able to access more specimens
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Summary of Activities for KS 3/4 pupils 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact KS3/4 pupils in NI, Scotland and Wales accessing Down2Earth loan boxes (3 themes plus small 'lunch boxes') either directly through loans to their schools, facilitated by teachers/educationalists, or by delivery of events using the boxes by the project partners.

68 events and loans were arranged for this age group by the project partners providing access to 14,550 pupils in this age group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Summary of activities for KS2 pupils (loans and events) - all partners 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Loan of Down2Earth large meteorite boxes (3 themes plus small 'lunch boxes') to schools plus events (67 separate events) delivered by the three partners Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Ulster Museum, National Museum wales & Faulkes Telescope Project.

67 events and loans to were provided by project partners facilitating access to the materials by 6301 pupils in this age group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Summary of activities for KS5 provided by project partners 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Project partners provided (i) loans to third parties of the Down2Earth boxes and resources or (ii) delivered events directly to pupils in this age group using these resources.
A total of 14 events/loans provided access to 2617 pupils in this age group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Summary of events and activities for the general public/families 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 60 events have been held by the four project parters and also on lender who used the resources at science fairs in addition to at school workshops. The events cover a range of formats. Most common is informal displays of the loan material and supporting resources (such as a demonstration of the Impact Calculator), some of these were promoted under the BBC "stargazing' banner, BAS Science Week, cont events with Astronomical Societies (Cardiff, Swansea, Usk). or to support Dark Skies events. Many of these events attract large numbers and are viewed mainly as 'family' events although pitched to appeal to a wide age and knowledge range. In Wakes some of these events have been held across three of the eight Museum sites.
The total number of people attending and engaging with these materials is approximately 34,000 over the period of the grant. The main objectives of these events are (i) to raise awareness of meteorites and the role they play in informing about planetary geology, scientific research in this area and astronomy (ii) to engage in discussion with parents and children (particularly KS2-3) in a on-curriculum environment about careers in science. We have found that mothers (of both boys and girls), in particular, are keen to certain facts about what is required to enter a career in this area, (iii) to promote the loan collection to teachers, or to pupils to make information back to their schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Summary of events for priority audiences 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Priority audiences include those with special education needs and those from deprived communities. Most events comprised informal or informal workshops and facilitated handling sessions. These were delivered by project partners and also through an informal partner with specific SEN skills. Examples of events included a workshop for KS3 First Campus pupils (Yr9) on meteorites and impacts at University of South Wales, an informal drop-in session at Ely community centre in Cardiff (Communities First facilitated event), facilitated handling session at Colin Glen Library (Northern Ireland) that included both those highly deprived communities and those with learning disabilities. In addition to this staff in National Museum Wales underwent training in autism awareness to support more empathetic interaction with those on the autistic spectrum.

Specific events were delivered to 550 participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Summary of training events for teachers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Training sessions for teachers, to support the use of the Down2Earth loan boxes and supporting resources, have been delivered both Cardiff and South Wales, Edinburgh (Royal Observatory) and Belfast (Ulster Museum) . These have also acted as useful feedback sessions for the materials, allowing refining and tweaking of the resources. In addition to these workshops sessions have also been help at science teacher conferences (Association of Science Education, Earth Science Teachers' Association).
A total of 19 events have been delivered to 1313 teachers KS 3-5.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Teacher training sessions - Inspire Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contact with a wider range of teachers not accessed before. Discussion on how material could be used other then supported by educational resources.

2 participant volunteered to trial any additional materials produced. Follow up requests for loan of materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Train the trainer sessions ASE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ASE event. In all cases the events sparked requests for access to teaching resources and access to loan materials. High translation rate from participation to loan.

This event sparked follow up e-mail requests either about the access to support educational materials or specific requests to borrowing loan boxes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Training Event for Teachers NI 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact As with the events at Royal Observatory Edinburgh, this event provided both an induction for teachers in the use of the loan collection and the supporting materials available via the web site. A second objective of holding the event was to solicit feedback from the teachers to allow revision of materials and learning resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Training IoP co-ordinators (Edinburgh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Formal train-the-trainer session at Royal Observatory Edinburgh in the scope and use of project materials. Also consultation session on additional ways to promote, format and distribute to target school groups.

IoP co-ordinators are now planning their own training sessions for teachers in their local areas in order to disseminate the information about the project and encourage other teachers to use the loan materials. Excellent feedback from the teachers on the existing loan materials and lesson plans "these are some of the best resources I have seen in physics for a long while".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Training for Teachers ESTA Annual meeting (2 events) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion about the support materials and how they could be used. most effectively. Feedback from trainees providing suggestions for improvement for use more widely by groups outside core school pupils and science clubs. Promotion of the loan materials.

Subsequent requests for loan of materials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Training session for teachers at Earth Science Teachers Association (ESTA) annual meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Training is how to use the loan material and associated resources (on-line). Requests to borrow materials, requests to provide talks and lectures to non-school groups. Requests for information about on-line resources from teachers/lecturers outside target group (KS2/Yr 6 - KS5) continuing education and university undergraduate groups.

Subsequent requests for material on loan, visit to group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Use of Down2Earth Loan scheme materials by external borower 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Loan of boxes covering 3 themes for use with KS3-5 pupils
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Young Astronomers Days (2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Questions on how we know about other planets.

Request from event 1 to run event 2.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Yr9 More Able & Talented science event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Interactive workshop session promoting science to More Able & Talented (MAT) group via Campus First.

From pupils questions about routes to geology and astronomy studies. From organiser request to host and run the event in a forthcoming year. Feedback was rates high in all areas of content and delivery
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014