LHCb Upgrade: Beyond the Energy Frontier.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Liverpool
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

LHCb is a particle physics experiment operating at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It is the world's leading physics experiment in its field and has a unique capability to explore physics beyond the Standard Model. LHCb's main aim is to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model through precision tests of matter anti-matter asymmetries (CP violation) and rare decays of particles containing beauty and charm quarks. The experiment also has world-class programmes in other areas due to its unique design and coverage of an angular region closer to the beams that at the other main LHC experiments.

The opportunity now exists to dramatically increase the reach of LHCb's programme and to widen its physics profile. The UK groups propose to lead the upgrade of the VELO (Vertex Locator), the most precise vertex detector at the LHC, and LHCb's unique RICH (Ring Imaging Cherenkov) particle identification (PID) system. A programme of physics performance studies, computing, reconstruction software and trigger algorithm development, and involvement in a new scintillating fibre tracker complements this work.

Planned Impact

The LHCb Upgrade offers strategic economic impact opportunities for UK Industry through the two major UK-led detectors (VELO, RICH), the novel scintillating fibre technology, and the DAQ and computing farm. External benefits include the development of novel pixel and cooling technology applicable to cancer treatment, molecular microscopy, light sources and fusion centres, and photon detectors applicable to medical imaging and positron emission tomography. The construction project has strong training opportunities for PhD students. LHCb-UK also has an enviable track record in public outreach through media, talks, exhibits and science festivals. A major exhibition on the theme of anti-matter will be sought for use at the Royal Society Summer Exhibition, and use at regional science museums.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have established that the Standard Model holds to within 1%. We have developed a precison particle detector which has underpinned the entire programme.
Exploitation Route Our findings are publicly available and will be of use to theorists and particle physicists.
Sectors Education

 
Description Public engagement (tv programmes, press, inspiration for novels). Our VELO module has formed part of the Science Museum travelling LHC exhibit. Talks on LHCb physics (including the physics covered by the Upgrade programme) Radio interview on Inside Science (radio 4) about upgraded LHCb (trigger) I am PI on a successful application for the 2016 Royal Society Summer science exhibit called "Antimatter Matters" which showcased antimatter, LHCb and ALPHA research and PET scanners (as an example of a spin-off). THe exhibit has toured Manchester science fair, the Gravity Fields festival, and will go to the Big Bang Fair in March 2017. I have recently begun exploring the underlying physics to be explored in the LHCb upgrade with other disciplines (eg. antimatter with the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, 2017,with associated radio 3 interview, or in a wider sense exploring underlying concepts with the Arts@CERN Collide programme and winning artists such as Yuchul Kin and Yu-Chen Wang -exhibited in FACT, Liverpool during November 2018-March 2019 and due to tour France, Belgium, Spain and Korea- and in accompanying talks to exhibits - FACT, 2016,2017, 2018, Berlin 2018, Arts Catalyst 2017 and published writing 2018).
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 fellowship
Amount £74,500 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 10/2016
 
Description Advisor for BBC iwonder guide to LHC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Advisor and helper with BBC iWonder guide to the LHC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zpvkmnb
 
Description Ann Marks IOP lecture: "Latest news from LHC" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given for the annual Ann Marks memorial lecture for the Merseyside IOP branch
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Antimatter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TEDxLiverpool talk on antimatter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ted.com/tedx/events/10744
 
Description Antimatter (astrofest) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on Antimatter at European AStrofest event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Antimatter Matters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Devised Antimatter Matters exhibit for Royal society summer exhibit 2016. It showcases antimatter, research by ALPHA and LHCb in understanding it, and a spin-off (PET scanner).
The exhibit has also toured to the Gravity Fields festival (2016), Manchester Science Festival (2016), and will go to the Big Bang Fair (March 2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Antimatter Matters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on antimatter at Gravity Fields festival
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.gravityfields.co.uk/events/2014/matter-antimatter
 
Description Antimatter and literature open book discussion (radio 4) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Debate about antimatter in literature following collaboration with Sara Maitland, who wrote a short story inspired by it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03bg7gx
 
Description Antimatter matters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two talks at the Royal Astronomical Society in London, one aimed at the general public, one with higher fraction of school children, both on antimatter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ras.org.uk/events-and-meetings/external-meetings/155-events-and-meetings/index.php?optio...
 
Description CERN hangout on LHCb 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact CERN google hangout on LHCb
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K-nDHi-nhZo
 
Description Collaboration with artist Yu-Chen Wang for Broken Symmetries exhibit (FACT/Arts@CERN) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussions with artist Yu-Chen Wang, a FACT/Arts@CERN Collider honourable mention winner, as a collaboration for the development of her piece for the Broken Symmetries exhibit. This exhibit is currently at FACT and will tour Europe and beyond after March 2019. Yu-Chen's piece documents her journey and way of understanding particle physics and very foreign concepts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://www.fact.co.uk/news/2018/12/artist-interview-yu-chen-wang
 
Description Collide@CERN jury 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Jury member to choose the third artist for the FACT/CERN Arts@CERN Collide residency scheme;providing scientific input to inform decision, providing scientific narrative for press release.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Debate with artists at Broken Symmetries exhibit launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Debate with two participating artists at the launch of the Broken Symmetries exhibit (arising from the 3 year Arts@CERN and FACT collaboration).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.fact.co.uk/news/2018/11/liverpool-laser-talks
 
Description Discussion with artists 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact One day workshop with Arts Catalyst and scientist and artist participants, hosted by the IOP. Talks and debates over what both communities can learn from each other; overlaps, complementarity, plans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Discussion with artists 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Evening debate at the Arts Catalyst, London, with other scientists and artists exploring how we all make sense of our surroundings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description How universal is lepton universality? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News story for CERN website front page about LHCb lepton universality results
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://home.web.cern.ch/about/updates/2014/06/how-universal-lepton-universality
 
Description Interview for Radio 3 Music Matters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about similarities between symmetries in particle physics, antimatter, and symmetries used in Bach's composition, for programme focussed on "Bach day" and trailing OAE event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview for World Service radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview to coincide with LHCb news story
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview with Nature about particle physics/media experiences and preparation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Interview about experiences with the media and how to best prepare for them.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06871-7
 
Description Interview with New Scientist on LHC 10th anniversary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with the New Scientist on the LHC 10th anniversary
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23931953-000-the-higgs-hunter-has-just-turned-10-why-is-nobod...
 
Description Interview with the Guardian for LHC upgrade 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Ian Sample on the HL-LHC upgrade. The story was subsequently picked up by other media outlets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/15/720m-large-hadron-collider-upgrade-could-upend-parti...
 
Description Keynote speaker at New Scientist Live! 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote talk on "Why hasn't the LHC found anything new - or has it?"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://live.newscientist.com/speakers/tara-shears
 
Description MP visit CERN 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation in CERN visit by the science and technology select committee.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description New Scientist CERN visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact New Scientist sponsored CERN trip; guiding around CERN visit and giving overview talk as an introduction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description New Scientist instant exprt series: keynote talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact (takes place on April 6th). A keynote talk on the LHC and big questions that remain unanswered.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.sciencelive.net/event/760/
 
Description Podcast for Naked Scientists on LHC 10th anniversary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Podcast with the naked scientists on the LHC 10th anniversary plus talking about FCC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thenakedscientists.com/articles/interviews/10-years-lhc
 
Description Royal Institution evening discourse on Antimatter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Evening discourse, recorded and available online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL https://www.rigb.org/contentControl?action=displayEvent&id=1563
 
Description Science Friday: antimatter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussed antimatter and LHCb as part of the Science Friday series on Radio Merseyside, April 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Science/art debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Debate with the first artist who won the FACT/CERN Arts@CERN Collide residency, discussing our ways of visualising and learning and obtaining knowledge, and finding similar ground.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.thinkingliverpool.com/event/2017/fact-and-cern-collide-resident-artist-yunchul-kim-/e526...
 
Description Short written piece on culture of particle physics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Contribution to ebook containing pieces about the culture of art and science, coordinated by Arts Catalyst.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.artscatalyst.org/live-creature-and-ethereal-things-physics-culture
 
Description Speaker at philosophy/physics workshop on model independent searches 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speaker at a 2 day workshop encompassing experimental and theoretical particle physicists, cosmologists and astrophysicists, on the philosophical basis of model independent searches and exploring what model independence means.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.perspectivalrealism.org/cross-disciplinary-perspectives-on-model-independent-searches/
 
Description Speaker on Scientific American cruise (4 lectures on particle physics) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 6 hours of lectures on particle physics; the Standard Model; antimatter; dark matter; particle astrophysics and the future. Plus one debate with a quantum physicist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.insightcruises.com/events/sa35/
 
Description Talk on DELPHI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on particle physics to accompany opening of a video installation centred on the DELPHI experiment in Berlin; mainly to arts inclined public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.scheringstiftung.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3192%3Athe-unseen-univer...
 
Description Talk on antimatter/symmetries/Bach 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Joint event with the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment as part of "Bach, the Universe and Everything" series. Talk to accompany cantata.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk to Liverpool Open House/alumni 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on latest LHC news, held for alumni and the general public in the context of Liverpool Open House festival
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description What matters about antimatter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact blog concerning LHCb measurements of antimatter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://physicsfocus.org/tara-shears-what-matters-about-antimatter/
 
Description briefings for researcher for forthcoming BBC4 documentary on Einstein to Hawking 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Briefings on particle physics links to Einstein and Hawking for a researcher working in the forthcoming BBC4 documentary "From Einstein to Hawking"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description interview on BBC world service Newsday 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC world service newsday interview, to talk about LHC story
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description interviews following New Scientist Live! talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Piece written up based on listening to the talk and Q&A afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1022632/science-news-lhc-large-hadron-collider-quantum-latest...