Consolidated Solar Research at UCLan

Lead Research Organisation: University of Central Lancashire
Department Name: Jeremiah Horrocks Institute

Abstract

This consolidated grant proposal brings together solar physics research within the Jeremiah Horrocks Institute of the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan). We will undertake investigations to study the processes that lead to eruptions in the Sun's atmosphere, and how energetic particle released during these eruptions are transported from the Sun to the Earth and beyond into interplanetary space.

The motion of sunspots in the Sun's photosphere can inject energy into the atmospheric magnetic field. We will study the rotation of sunspots by developing an algorithm to automatically detect and analyse rotating sunspots. This will be used to understand what causes them to rotate, and to determine to what extent rotating sunspots lead to solar flares and eruptions.

These solar eruptions release energetic particles into the heliosphere. We will simulate the motions of these solar energetic particles (SEPs) in order to study SEP transport from the Sun to the Earth. This will link into a study of the relation between solar eruptive events and SEP transport, which in turn will allow us to make more accurate predictions of space weather effects on the Earth.

Planned Impact

Please refer to the full UCLan proposal (ref ST/M000877/1) for further details.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description NASA HSR NNH16ZDA001N-HSR for Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Science - 2016 (ROSES-2016)
Amount $250,000 (USD)
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 03/2017 
End 02/2019
 
Description Dr Georgia De Nolfo, NASA Goodard Space Flight Center 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Dr Georgia De Nolfo visited us for a week in January 2018 to work on comparing PAMELA spacecraft data with our simulations of SEP propagation. This collaboration is ongoing.
Collaborator Contribution 3D test particle simulations of relativistic protons during flare/CME events.
Impact Conference presentation at SHINE Meeting 2018 and at ICRC 2019. Two refereed journal papers currently in preparation.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Frederic Effenberger/NASA 
Organisation Bay Area Environmental Research Institute
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Two collaborators in the institutes were co-authors of publications in 2015-2017. Frederic Effenberger secured a NASA grant in 2017 funding a young researcher. Timo Laitinen is an unpaid Co-investigator in the NASA grant, and can fund the team members' visits to USA (such visits haven't taken place yet).
Collaborator Contribution The partner participated in research, and the young researcher hired by the NASA grant is advancing the research, with publications foreseen.
Impact T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Transport of Solar Energetic Particles across the Parker field due to field line meandering. In 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2015), volume 34 of International Cosmic Ray Conference, page 191, July 2015.; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.; Laitinen, Timo, Effenberger, Frederic, Kopp, Andreas, and Dalla, Silvia. The effect of turbulence strength on meandering field lines and solar energetic particle event extents. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8:A13, 2018.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Frederic Effenberger/NASA 
Organisation Ruhr University Bochum
Department Faculty of Physics and Astronomy
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Two collaborators in the institutes were co-authors of publications in 2015-2017. Frederic Effenberger secured a NASA grant in 2017 funding a young researcher. Timo Laitinen is an unpaid Co-investigator in the NASA grant, and can fund the team members' visits to USA (such visits haven't taken place yet).
Collaborator Contribution The partner participated in research, and the young researcher hired by the NASA grant is advancing the research, with publications foreseen.
Impact T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Transport of Solar Energetic Particles across the Parker field due to field line meandering. In 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2015), volume 34 of International Cosmic Ray Conference, page 191, July 2015.; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.; Laitinen, Timo, Effenberger, Frederic, Kopp, Andreas, and Dalla, Silvia. The effect of turbulence strength on meandering field lines and solar energetic particle event extents. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8:A13, 2018.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Frederic Effenberger/NASA 
Organisation University of Kiel
Department Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics
PI Contribution Two collaborators in the institutes were co-authors of publications in 2015-2017. Frederic Effenberger secured a NASA grant in 2017 funding a young researcher. Timo Laitinen is an unpaid Co-investigator in the NASA grant, and can fund the team members' visits to USA (such visits haven't taken place yet).
Collaborator Contribution The partner participated in research, and the young researcher hired by the NASA grant is advancing the research, with publications foreseen.
Impact T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Transport of Solar Energetic Particles across the Parker field due to field line meandering. In 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2015), volume 34 of International Cosmic Ray Conference, page 191, July 2015.; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.; Laitinen, Timo, Effenberger, Frederic, Kopp, Andreas, and Dalla, Silvia. The effect of turbulence strength on meandering field lines and solar energetic particle event extents. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 8:A13, 2018.
Start Year 2013
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation North-West University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation Stanford University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation University of Alabama in Huntsville
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation University of Kiel
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation University of Minnesota
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI Team on Flares and SEPs, 6-6-2018 
Organisation Western Kentucky University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching "Solar flare acceleration signatures and their connection to solar energetic particles".
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research. Scientific presentation at meeting
Impact It is expected that scientific publications will be outcome of this activity in future.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Department Arcetri Observatory
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation North-West University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation Ruhr University Bochum
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation University of Alabama in Huntsville
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation University of Arizona
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation University of Calabria
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation University of Helsinki
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation University of Manitoba
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation University of Waikato
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ISSI team 2014-2016 
Organisation Wroclaw University of Science and Technology
PI Contribution ISSI team on Superdiffusive Transport in Space Plasmas and its Influence on Energetic Particle Acceleration and Propagation met twice to discuss issues central to the research in the award. The meeting late 2015 gave an opportunity to present and discuss for the first time physics behind early-phase particle propagation.
Collaborator Contribution Discussion on the award related physics, and contribution to discussion on novel field of study.
Impact T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834:127, January 2017. ; T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016.
Start Year 2014